Maintenance of life-supporting gas medium for martian station

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: excess oxygen generated by plants is ejected into Mars atmosphere as the component of the Martian station gas mix. Said oxygen is subjected to hard UV radiation characteristic of the Mars is completely or partially transformed into ozone. Ozone accumulation in the Mars atmosphere is useful in that it can develop the tangible protective ozone ply.

EFFECT: useful application of excess oxygen.

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: ultrasonic drag head is designed for drilling of ground to the depth of up to 2 metres at the speed of up to 20 mm/min per passto take samples without changing the composition. Drag head consists of an ultrasonic oscillating system with a working tool, an ultrasonic generator and a control system. Ultrasonic generator and control system are fixed on a space lander. On a waveguide of ultrasonic oscillating system there installed is a frame on which heat-insulated containers to take ground samples with a turning opening/closing mechanism, heat accumulators and a passive temperature stabilisation system are fixed. Ultrasonic oscillating system is equipped with a temperature sensor of drag head containers, which is connected to the control system of drag head. Sizes of each next element of the ultrasonic oscillating system are chosen based on compliance with resonant frequency of piezoelectric converter.

EFFECT: invention is able to take ground samples without thermal destruction and evaporation of volatile components.

6 dwg

Drag head // 2501952

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: drag head includes a drilling machine with a control system and a penetrator, which is fixed on a space lander. Heat insulated containers for soil sample excavation are fixed on the penetrator. The drilling machine is equipped with a temperature sensor of a penetrator tip, which is connected to the control system of the drilling machine.

EFFECT: invention allows improving quality of obtained soil samples.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: method includes erection of the main and auxiliary shafts with a drilling rig from a shelter building, installation of sealing and heat-insulating ramps in shaft collars. One of the auxiliary shafts is erected in the form of a microscope, drilled from an exploratory well by means of its expansion from an inner mine tunnel until reaching the surface of an nonterrestrial object and used as a saving shaft, which on the surface via a gate chamber contacts with a landing complex of a spacecraft. In the saving shaft in the area of its connection with the inner mine tunnel there is a sealing heat-insulation ramp installed, drilled solids are distributed into a crater of the nonterrestrial object.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to carry out salvage operations and to ensure the necessary ventilation in mines and pits, and also to establish a connection between the shafts on the nonterrestrial object surface.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering. Proposed device comprises pipeline 5, assembly to transfer container via pipeline and assembly to prepare and load container. The latter comprises rotary support 8 arranged on fixed support 7, bush 18 to accommodate container 17 and container cover 18. Transfer assembly comprises housing 19 accommodating gas-tight sleeve 20 representing, in initial position, a flat tape. Sleeve open end is tightly jointed with housing 19. Space 22 is communicated via air line 11 and start-and-shut-ff valve 12 with compressed gas source 10. Bush 16 has spring-loaded flange 24 and is locked by pyro cotter 27. Cover 18 is locked by pyro cotter 28. Support 8 is also locked by pyro cotter and provided with spring pusher 31 with rod 32 to displace transfer assembly, together with bush 16 and container 17, to under cover 18. Pyro cotter 27 operated, container 17 is closed by cover 18. Pyro cotter 28 and valve 12 operated, sleeve 20, straightening under gas pressure, displaces container 17 along pipeline 5. Delivery of container into autolander from any direction.

EFFECT: higher versatility of proposed device.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining, particularly to methods of building of isolated sealed mines, grooves and mountain-drilling rooms, used for shelter of people, and also for introduction of exploration work and field development of minerals in geological material of nonterrestrial objects. Building method of mines and grooves on nonterrestrial objects includes opening of top horizons by one of shanks, opening of bottom horizon through main shank and delivering of rock from deepening of each shank and horizon by adjacent shank. Structure of main and auxiliary shanks is implemented by boring machine with headstock from building structure - shelter, connected to spacecraft. After spudding of one or other shank on its mouth there are installed sealing and heat insulating shelves. There is continued construction at the outset of auxiliary shank, opening top horizon, then it is continued construction of main shank, top horizon connects both shanks. Delivery of rock from passing of each shank and horizon is implemented by adjacent shank through building structure - shelter and chamber gate by means of carriage bogie. Top horizon is continued to construct up to inlet to lip of nonterrestrial object, outlet of horizon is equipped by chamber gate.

EFFECT: invention provides safe of drilling activities implementation and to reduce material expenses.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to processing lunar soil and production of helium-3 (He3) on the Moon, including its back side. The complex of facilities for production of (He3) from the lunar soil consists of a source of micro-waves of super-high frequency installed on the lunar surface, and also of control equipment. The source of micro-waves of super-high frequency radiates waves onto a section of lunar soil surface covered with transparent for radiation elastic pressurised jacket; further He is withdrawn from the zone covered with the jacket, is liquefied and collected. The control equipment is installed in points of libration (Lagrange points) of system the Earth-the Moon and is designed to re-translate a control signal to the back side of the Moon.

EFFECT: simplification of process and equipment for production of helium-3 (He3), and also possibility to produce helium-3 (He3) not only on visible side of the Moon, but on its back side.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: complex of development tools fro obtaining He3 from lunar soil includes draft gear, drag head, transporter, and receiving and processing unit. Draft gear is made in the form of two similar devices with removable ground traction boosters attached symmetrically at the opposite sides of the draft gear. Receiving and processing unit is placed beyond excavation zone. Receiving tool comprises a number of lunar soil banks obtained by soil casting from excavation zone to the processing unit. At that, the complex includes receiver-emitter device mounted at the draft gear for preliminary soil heating.

EFFECT: improved equipment operation efficiency and energy savings.

8 dwg

The invention relates to the cosmic energy, as well as ways and means to protect Earth from dangerous space objects: asteroids, comets, and space debris

The invention relates to the development of soils using earthmoving machinery on the moon

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to regenerative physical-chemical maximum closed life support systems of crews of durable spacecraft. Regenerative system comprises habitable module, system to remove harmful impurities, system to remove carbon dioxide including adsorbent and heaters, carbon dioxide concentrator including adsorbent, and carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system including heaters. Besides it comprises water electrolytic decomposition unit, solid and liquid wastes recovery unit, metabolic water collector and wastes collector. Note here that carbon dioxide afterburner with palladium catalyst is arranged downstream of carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system. Hydrogen adsorber with intermetallide is arranged downstream of carbon dioxide after burner. Hydrogen accumulator with intermetallide is arranged between water electrolytic decomposition unit and carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system. Said water electrolytic decomposition unit and carbon dioxide afterburner are communicated via oxygen adsorber.

EFFECT: maximum independence of life support system.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises boxy aprons (7) fixed by their one side to separate part of split joints (6) of rocket speed-up unit (3) in process of pre-start preparation. Sealant (8) with slots is fixed to opposite side of each apron (7). Part of sealant with slots rests on mount (10) of speed-up unit (3) hatch (5). Slots provide for sealant adjacency to hatch mount along its perimeter. Flow of thermostatting air is used to press sealant (8) to mount (10) of hatch and to prevent excessive exhaust of air through hatch.

EFFECT: stabilisation of temperature mode in process of pre-start preparation in cavities of space head part and rocket speed-up unit with hatches open in rocket speed-up unit after connection of mechanisms for withdrawal of split joints.

3 dwg

FIELD: aviation.

SUBSTANCE: according to the present invention there is provided a device having a pipeline, which feeds thermostating medium into compartment, and diffuser for formation of operational fluid dynamics parametres of flow of the objects mounted in the compartment. The diffuser is replaceable and connected to the compartment shell through plug connection. This connection represents hollow supporting and mounting flange with a drive of its connection to the compartment shell and moving relative to the specified flange branch pipe. The specified diffuser is mounted on the branch pipe. The connection drive may be pneumatic or mechanical.

EFFECT: weight reduction owing to the exclusion of diffuser from compartment configuration and increase in weight of effective load to be lifted by launch vehicle.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: aerospace engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises heat exchanger-condenser (13) with intermediate moisture collector with its moisture chamber communicating with hydraulic circuit of SV thermal control system, while its air chamber communicates with crew compartment (1). Aforesaid intermediate moisture collector communicates, via condensate pump-out pump (17), with detachable condensate collector of SV thermal control system. Proposed device comprises two cartridges (7, 19) with reversible moisture absorbent, two airflow regulators (4, 11), bypass air duct (22) incorporating throttle flap (6) and distributor valve (16). Each cartridge incorporates sorbent heater. Inlet of every cartridge (7, 19) communicates, via air ducts, with the 1st and 2nd outlets of the 1st airflow regulator (4) with its inlet communicating, via 1st fan (2), with crew compartment (1). Outlet of each cartridge (7, 19) communicates, via air ducts, with the 1st and 2nd inlets of the 2nd airflow regulator (11) with one of its outlets communicating with crew compartment (1) and the other one communicating with aforesaid air chamber of heat exchanger-condenser (13) and, further on, via 2nd fan (14), with crew compartment (1). Air ducts, at the inlet of cartridges (7, 19), communicate via bypass air duct (22). Intermediate moisture collector of heat exchanger-condenser (13) communicates, via distributor valve (16) with water recovery system.

EFFECT: air drying at all stages of SV operation, reduced weight and power consumption.

1 dwg

FIELD: aerospace engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises heat exchanger-condenser (13) with intermediate moisture collector with its moisture chamber communicating with hydraulic circuit of SV thermal control system, while its air chamber communicates with crew compartment (1). Aforesaid intermediate moisture collector communicates, via condensate pump-out pump (17), with detachable condensate collector of SV thermal control system. Proposed device comprises two cartridges (7, 19) with reversible moisture absorbent, two airflow regulators (4, 11), bypass air duct (22) incorporating throttle flap (6) and distributor valve (16). Each cartridge incorporates sorbent heater. Inlet of every cartridge (7, 19) communicates, via air ducts, with the 1st and 2nd outlets of the 1st airflow regulator (4) with its inlet communicating, via 1st fan (2), with crew compartment (1). Outlet of each cartridge (7, 19) communicates, via air ducts, with the 1st and 2nd inlets of the 2nd airflow regulator (11) with one of its outlets communicating with crew compartment (1) and the other one communicating with aforesaid air chamber of heat exchanger-condenser (13) and, further on, via 2nd fan (14), with crew compartment (1). Air ducts, at the inlet of cartridges (7, 19), communicate via bypass air duct (22). Intermediate moisture collector of heat exchanger-condenser (13) communicates, via distributor valve (16) with water recovery system.

EFFECT: air drying at all stages of SV operation, reduced weight and power consumption.

1 dwg

FIELD: aviation.

SUBSTANCE: according to the present invention there is provided a device having a pipeline, which feeds thermostating medium into compartment, and diffuser for formation of operational fluid dynamics parametres of flow of the objects mounted in the compartment. The diffuser is replaceable and connected to the compartment shell through plug connection. This connection represents hollow supporting and mounting flange with a drive of its connection to the compartment shell and moving relative to the specified flange branch pipe. The specified diffuser is mounted on the branch pipe. The connection drive may be pneumatic or mechanical.

EFFECT: weight reduction owing to the exclusion of diffuser from compartment configuration and increase in weight of effective load to be lifted by launch vehicle.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises boxy aprons (7) fixed by their one side to separate part of split joints (6) of rocket speed-up unit (3) in process of pre-start preparation. Sealant (8) with slots is fixed to opposite side of each apron (7). Part of sealant with slots rests on mount (10) of speed-up unit (3) hatch (5). Slots provide for sealant adjacency to hatch mount along its perimeter. Flow of thermostatting air is used to press sealant (8) to mount (10) of hatch and to prevent excessive exhaust of air through hatch.

EFFECT: stabilisation of temperature mode in process of pre-start preparation in cavities of space head part and rocket speed-up unit with hatches open in rocket speed-up unit after connection of mechanisms for withdrawal of split joints.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to regenerative physical-chemical maximum closed life support systems of crews of durable spacecraft. Regenerative system comprises habitable module, system to remove harmful impurities, system to remove carbon dioxide including adsorbent and heaters, carbon dioxide concentrator including adsorbent, and carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system including heaters. Besides it comprises water electrolytic decomposition unit, solid and liquid wastes recovery unit, metabolic water collector and wastes collector. Note here that carbon dioxide afterburner with palladium catalyst is arranged downstream of carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system. Hydrogen adsorber with intermetallide is arranged downstream of carbon dioxide after burner. Hydrogen accumulator with intermetallide is arranged between water electrolytic decomposition unit and carbon dioxide and hydrogen processing system. Said water electrolytic decomposition unit and carbon dioxide afterburner are communicated via oxygen adsorber.

EFFECT: maximum independence of life support system.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: excess oxygen generated by plants is ejected into Mars atmosphere as the component of the Martian station gas mix. Said oxygen is subjected to hard UV radiation characteristic of the Mars is completely or partially transformed into ozone. Ozone accumulation in the Mars atmosphere is useful in that it can develop the tangible protective ozone ply.

EFFECT: useful application of excess oxygen.

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for experimental ground testing in an artificial environment. To warm up the atmosphere of Mars, locally heat the Martian deposit of natural carbonates by concentrating the sun rays on its surface. When natural carbonates are heated by concentrating the sun rays into the Martian atmosphere, carbon dioxide is released. The sun rays are concentrated by mirrors and optical devices.

EFFECT: increase of technological accessibility of heating in Martian conditions.

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