Self-sustained power and heat supply system for building

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to devices for alternative power supply systems using combined facilities for generation of heat, cold and electricity by means of wind and solar energy, which are intended mainly for self-sufficient conditioning and hot water supply of residential and industrial buildings. self-sustained power and heat supply system for the building is mounted at the roof inside transparent dome, in the upper dome zone there is a fixed heat carrier storage tank with a container with heat accumulating material placed inside this tank, inside the container there is heat generator coupled kinematically to the shaft of wind generator drive, the storage tank is mounted at support vertical pipe of rectangular cross-section interconnected with heat carrier and insulated thermally at two outer edges, the closed loop is formed by the tank, heating and cooling radiators, pipe of rectangular cross-section and airlift that includes air pump with potential air supply from the pipe interconnected with air layer over hear carrier in the tank to cavity of pipe of rectangular cross-section by means of microporous sprayer, solar ray reflector is made as parabolic cone with vertical axis of optical focus, whereto the vertical pipe is matched, at two edges of the vertical pipe there are Peltier elements equipped additionally with solar absorbers made as finned metal plates, Peltier elements are connected electrically in series and coupled through isolation diodes in parallel to electric generator and magnetizing coil of ferromagnetic rotor to summing supply diode of the air pump and charge stabiliser for buffer accumulator connected through inverter to the power mains, which is connected to mode selector for Peltier elements through regulated current rectifier and switch of the heat carrier heater in the storage tank.

EFFECT: improved degree of usage of energy sources.

4 cl, 3 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: solar heat and cold supply system includes a southern air pipeline made from material that absorbs solar radiation and a northern air pipeline, which are both located on the corresponding sides of the building, a thermal accumulator forming together with the building floor and under-floor air pipeline interconnected with the southern air pipeline, as well as heat exchange and soil air pipelines located one above another under the thermal accumulator, the second one of which is provided with soil heat-conducting pipes; with that, in the thermal accumulator there arranged is a vortex tube; outlets of the under-floor and soil air pipelines are connected to a cold channel of the vortex tube; with that, the southern and the northern air pipelines are connected to atmosphere, and the heat exchanger is connected to the room, as well as the southern air pipeline is provided with a convergent nozzle that is installed outside the room and includes a swirler consisting of four plates; with that, at the inlet opening of the convergent nozzle on the inner surface there is a circular groove connected to a contamination removal device.

EFFECT: reduction of power consumption to a drive of a forced draft fan by cleaning of sucked atmospheric air from drop-shaped and solid particles.

2 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining heat and electrical energy includes focusing of the sun rays by concentrator on the fixed heat-absorbing surface, and further focus movement over it in accordance with sun movement, the heating medium heating through the heat-absorbing surface, and transformation of the obtained heat energy in the electric energy. The concave mirror is used as concentrator, the mirror is moved by sun tracking, at that the heat-absorbing surface is arranged at crossing of the vertical and horizontal axes, around which the concentrator is rotated during tracking. For the concentrator rotation relatively the vertical axis the first motor is started, as result the worn screw 5 starts rotation and turning of the tooth-wheel 2 together with platform 1. When the concentrator achieves the required position (azimuth), the first motor shutdowns. For the concentrator rotation around the horizontal axis the second motor is started, resulting in rotation of the shaft 14 with worn screw 13, that by means of the tooth-wheel 12 and connected with its worn screw 10 the gear sector 9 with axle 6 and wheel 7 rotates. At that by means of the chain-drive 8 the driven wheel 15 with horizontal axles 17 and concentrator is rotated to the required position, then it is locked by the motor shutdown. At that on the bottom part of the heat-absorbing surface of the sphere 19 a light spot of the concentrated sun rays is created, the spot moves over this surface during the sun tracking during day time.

EFFECT: increased stability of the energy sources parameters, increased efficiency, improved operation characteristics.

10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: device for implementation of the method includes heater-evaporator 1 with heat exchange ribs 2, airlift 3, condenser 4, ejector 5, energy converter 6, and branch pipe 7. Liquid 8 circulates inside the device.

EFFECT: simpler implementation of the method and the design; improved reliability, durability, ecological and economical properties; enlarged field of application.

14 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: system of solar heat and cold supply and quality air exchange in buildings includes a southern air pipeline made from material absorbing solar radiation and a northern air pipeline, which are located on the corresponding sides of a building, a thermal accumulator forming together with the building floor an underground air pipeline interconnected with the southern air pipeline, as well as heat exchange and ground air pipelines, which are located under the thermal accumulator one above another, the first one of which is interconnected with the northern air pipeline, and the second one is provided with ground heat-conducting pipes; with that, the system is provided with a vortex pipe arranged in the thermal accumulator, and the heat exchange air pipeline is provided with a suction filter that is installed in a room and made in the form of an inside air cleaning assembly, consists of a diffuser with longitudinally arranged screw-shaped grooves entering an annular groove connected to a contamination collector, in which a dehydrating device in the form of a tank with an adsorbing substance is arranged.

EFFECT: invention shall provide for cleaning of exit air and elimination of scents specific for cattle farms.

3 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: system of electric power generation from sun energy, using biofuel boiler (6) as additional heat source, includes concentrating sun collector, biofuel boiler (6), turbine generator. Concentrating sun collector utilises water as work medium and medium-pressure sun collector tubes (13) combined in a serial and parallel matrix, concentrating sun collector output is connected to the base of drum (6a) of biofuel boiler (6) via second control valve (22), and steam output of biofuel boiler drum (6a) is connected to cylinder (3) of the turbine generator (1). Such system utilises sun energy and heat source of biofuel boiler selectively, depending on weather conditions. Additionally the invention claims method of electric power generation using the system.

EFFECT: stable operation enhancing operation efficiency.

12 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain comfortable air parameters in low buildings, mainly in cattle farms. Solar heat and cold supply system includes south air duct made of material absorbing solar radiation and north air duct, located at respective building sides, heat collector, together with the building floor forming a subfloor air duct connected to the south air duct, and heat exchange and underground air ducts positioned one over the other below the heat collector, where heat exchange air duct is connected to the north air duct, and underground air duct is equipped with underground heat transfer pipes; the system features a vortex tube in the heat collector, vortex tube input connected to subfloor air duct, cold channel connected to transfer piece, and hot channel connected via heat collector to underground air duct; subfloor and underground air duct outputs are connected to cold channel of vortex tube where a filter is installed downstream of air duct connection point; south and north air ducts are opened to ambient air, and heat exchange air duct is opened to indoor space; special feature of the system is the underground air duct made of composite material including metal base, heat insulation and heat accumulation thin-fibre basalt and waterproof layer, where thin-fibre basalt is stretched lengthwise along underground air duct and attached between metal base and waterproof layer.

EFFECT: prevention of heat loss during long-term operation in variable temperature and humidity conditions of ground, affecting elements of solar heat and cold supply system by implementation of underground pipeline out of composite material with fixated thin-fibre basalt stretched lengthwise between metal base and waterproof layer.

2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to renewable energy sources and intended for generation of electric energy for charging of hybrid and electric cars as well as cars with flywheel-type energy storage units. The multifunctional stand-alone hybrid charging station (MSAHCS) may be used as a stand-alone power plant for production and household use by consumers, video monitoring of the environment, instrument monitoring of meteorological and ecological situation in the location area. In MSAHCS the correlation between elements of its design is introduced and also the functional interaction of the above elements is given.

EFFECT: invention allows charging of hybrid and electrical cars and flywheel-type energy storage units independently from conventional energy sources; joint use of renewable sources of solar energy, geothermal energy and wind energy any time any day in the year round; effective recovery of electric energy from the MSAHCS shaded side using helio-spotlights as well as weather and environment monitoring; hot water supply for the MSAHCS needs.

10 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain the comfort of air parameters in low-rise buildings, mainly on livestock farms. The system of helio-thermo-cold supply comprises the southern, made of the material absorbing solar radiation, and northern air ducts located on respective sides of the building, the heat accumulator which forms with the floor of the building the underground air duct which communicates with the southern, as well as located under the heat accumulator one above the other heat exchanging and ground air ducts the first of which communicates with the northern, and the other is provided with the ground heat-conducting tubes, and the system is equipped with a vortex tube located in the heat accumulator, communicated with its inlet to the underground air duct, with the cold duct - with the room, and hot - through the heat accumulator to the ground air duct, the outputs of the underground and the ground air ducts are connected to the cold duct of the vortex tube, and behind the place of their connection the filter is mounted, and the southern and northern air ducts are communicated with the atmosphere, and heat exchanger - with the room, and the system is equipped with a thermoelectric generator, made in the form of a housing and a set of differential thermocouples, and the passageway for hot coolant is located in the housing and the passageway for the cold coolant, moreover, the inlet pipe of the passageway for the hot coolant is connected by the channel of hot flow of the vortex tube, and with its outlet pipe - with the ground air duct, at that the inlet pipe of the passageway for the cold coolant is connected to the channel of the cold flow of the vortex tube, with its output pipe - to the room.

EFFECT: reducing the power consumption of the system of helio-thermo-cold supply by using the temperature difference of cold and hot flows of the vortex tube to generate electricity by the thermoelectric generator.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to methods and devices for providing energy to remote agricultural facilities not equipped with stationary energy supply. The method of fan concentration of solar power lies in fan concentration of solar irradiation, and the concentrated irradiation with one concentrator with a mirror reflector is transmitted to the next one. The device of fan concentration of solar power comprises paraboloidal concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. Summation of the energy of solar irradiation is carried out by fan set of the predetermined number of concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. The predetermined receiving power of solar irradiation is obtained by calculation of the required number of fan concentrators.

EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of the method.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar-wind water distiller comprises a reservoir for water desalination, a transparent condenser installed above it with a nozzle for outlet of the steam and air mixture in the upper part with a propeller installed in it and fixed on the shaft of the wind engine. A non-transparent condenser is installed above the transparent one, being connected in the upper part with a circulating pipeline, which ends with a circular distributor in the reservoir. A conical tube is fixed to the shaft on the lower and upper crosspieces, and the tube has helical triangular thread on the outer surface in the direction opposite to the rotation of the disc, with which it is partially connected. On the surface of the non-transparent condenser there are toroids, which are hydraulically communicated by pipes with a chute communicated with a pipeline with a reservoir of fresh water.

EFFECT: water distiller, if wind is available, will also work at night time.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain comfortable air parameters in low buildings, mainly in cattle farms. Solar heat and cold supply system includes south air duct made of material absorbing solar radiation and north air duct, located at respective building sides, heat collector, together with the building floor forming a subfloor air duct connected to the south air duct, and heat exchange and underground air ducts positioned one over the other below the heat collector, where heat exchange air duct is connected to the north air duct, and underground air duct is equipped with underground heat transfer pipes; the system features a vortex tube in the heat collector, vortex tube input connected to subfloor air duct, cold channel connected to transfer piece, and hot channel connected via heat collector to underground air duct; subfloor and underground air duct outputs are connected to cold channel of vortex tube where a filter is installed downstream of air duct connection point; south and north air ducts are opened to ambient air, and heat exchange air duct is opened to indoor space; special feature of the system is the underground air duct made of composite material including metal base, heat insulation and heat accumulation thin-fibre basalt and waterproof layer, where thin-fibre basalt is stretched lengthwise along underground air duct and attached between metal base and waterproof layer.

EFFECT: prevention of heat loss during long-term operation in variable temperature and humidity conditions of ground, affecting elements of solar heat and cold supply system by implementation of underground pipeline out of composite material with fixated thin-fibre basalt stretched lengthwise between metal base and waterproof layer.

2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to autonomous life support systems (ALSS). The method characterised by installation of heating systems, the base of which is a high-voltage induction electric boiler, with installation of pipeline utilities from it to residential buildings or a tent town, differing by the fact that for power supply of the induction electric boiler they use a diesel generator, fuel to which is delivered with a cistern, some of generated electric energy of the diesel generator is distributed through utilities to residential buildings or the tent town, the coolant of the induction electric boiler is water delivered to the place of ALSS deployment by the cistern, besides, the induction electric boiler is arranged as comprising a circulating pump, through vertically installed tanks, every of which is insulated from each other by means of through ceramic insulators, to which voltage is supplied, and the inductor is represented by electrodes from stainless steel, which are installed inside each vertically installed tank as capable of submersion inside the tank at different depth.

EFFECT: possibility of mobile and efficient deployment of an ALSS for a long period of time, not requiring any start conditions, to provide the ALSS with heat, hot water and electric energy, making it possible to control heating capacity and not strict to selection of electrodes, which may be any steel pipes.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: general-purpose self-contained life support complex (GSLSC) consists of free power sources, converters of the above energy to electric energy, electric and heat energy accumulators, synchronisation device as to frequency, phase and voltage. Complex is made in the form of general-purpose set consisting of free energy sources, converters of the above energy to heat energy and to electric energy, backup energy sources, controlling, regulating and accumulating instruments and devices for engineering support systems of the buildings, in which various versions of design and completeness are provided, sources of free energy are doubled and equipped with wind-heat generator, hydraulic heat generator of rotary type, which contains turbine blade wheel of hydromechanical thermal power plant with water-lifting device, which in their turn are connected to electric generators. As reserve energy source there used is thermal power plant containing rotary-type heat generator and electric generator driven from internal combustion engine (gasoline, diesel or gas piston engine).

EFFECT: creation of economically reasonable and practically available complex for generation of heat and electric energy with changeable completeness for a certain consumer, which is general-purpose to be used in climatic, geological and other environmental conditions acting on the human life support, with possibility of quick development and start-up.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to power supply systems of buildings, with a structure closed on the periphery, with a courtyard covered by a cupola. The power supply system for stand alone buildings with a courtyard covered by a cupola, is provided with high- and low-temperature heat accumulators, energetically linked with exterior and interior alternative sources of energy (for example windmill, solar cells, solar collecting panels, isotope heat sources, low-temperature sources - air, ground, water etc.), as well as with users of heat and electrical energy in the stand alone building, generated by an electrical generator, powered by a controlled steam power installation with a steam generator, thermally linked with at least a high-temperature heat accumulator, steam engine and a condenser. At the centre of the courtyard of the building, there is a multi-channel pipe support with outlet channels for air from under the cupola and channels for inlet of air from the atmosphere, kinematically linked to the cupola and thermally linked with a heat exchange device, for example heat exchangers, heat pipes, heat pumps and a low-temperature heat accumulator, provided with an extra low-temperature section. The condenser of the steam power installation is thermally linked to this extra section at, for example below zero temperature on the Celsius scale, which, through the heat from the main heat pump, powered mainly by the steam power installation, is thermally linked with the primary section of the low-temperature heat accumulator.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the power supply system of low-rise closed buildings, increase in light energy coming into the building and its conversion to electrical energy, increase in environmental friendliness of the power supply system and the interior of the building itself.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: hydrophysical cavitation heater comprises induction motor whose shaft is insulated from the hydrophysical cavitation heater by means of the heat insulating coupling. The blades of the cavitation member, shaft, and bearings are made of special materials.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

8 dwg

FIELD: energy transformation.

SUBSTANCE: sun power plant intends for conversing solar energy to thermal energy for using thermal energy for domestic appliances. Hot water supply sun power plant has at least one solar battery made of thermal collectors in form heat-insulated flat box-shaped cases. Top flat light-transparent panels are disposed in perpendicular to direction of sun light. Light-transparent panels are disposed above membranes-absorbers which absorb solar radiation. Membranes-absorbers are provided with temperature transducers. Membranes-absorbers have parallel lateral metal pipes for liquid heat carrier. Pipes are connected together in any membrane-absorber by longitudinal tubular collectors. Collectors are connected together by branches in series through drive stop valves which are connected to pipeline of water discharge of warmed liquid heat carrier which is connected with top area of heat-accumulating container. Lower area of container is connected with longitudinal tubular collector of membrane-absorber of one of end heat collector by means pipeline for supplying cooled liquid heat carrier through circulation pump. Heat water supply and heating system heat exchangers are disposed at top area of heat-collecting container one above another. Heat exchangers are connected with central heating system pipeline and with pipeline for supplying warmed running water. Program electron unit of the plant is connected with temperature transducers of membranes-absorbers, which unit controls operation of thermal transducers, circulation pump electric motor and drives of stop valves. Sun power plant is provided with heat-proof heat-accumulating members that are disposed uniformly in lower area of heat-accumulating container. Heat-accumulating members are filled with liquid having positive solidification temperature. Program electron unit is provided with mechanisms for tracking perpendicularity of solar energy to surface of top light-transparent panels of thermal collectors. Heat-insulated flat box-shaped cases of collectors are made for rotation around horizontal axes disposed at two mutually perpendicular vertical planes. Any membrane-absorber is made in form of thin-walled metal plate with gofers which embrace parallel lateral metal pipes for liquid heat carrier. Space V of heat-insulated working cavity of heat-accumulating container exceeds total space Vtot of cavities of membranes-absorbers of heat collectors for liquid heat carrier, space V1 of hot water heat exchanger for domestic appliances, space V2 of heating system heat exchanger and total space Vh-am of heat-collecting member for 50-400, 100-120, 20-30 and 10-20 times correspondingly. Total area Stot of external surfaces of the heat exchangers is 3-8 times larger than areas Sm of top surfaces of rigid membranes-absorbers. Solidification temperature T of liquid which fills heat-proof heat-accumulating members equals to 35-600C.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of heating process; lower speed of heat carrier cooling.

7 cl, 3 dwg

Gas infrared heater // 2167368
The invention relates to heating systems and can be used for heating of industrial, public, animal, sports, or other large premises and facilities

The invention relates to the field of power engineering and can be used in heating systems and heating apparatus for various purposes

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a local controller, an additional controller, an immersion temperature sensor of the coolant and the temperature sensors of external and internal air, the control valves connected with the outer heat networks, a circulating pump, a jumper with the return valve, connecting the supply and return pipelines, as well as additional control valves connected to the outputs of the additional controller, and the additional temperature sensors external and internal air connected to the inputs of the additional controller, heat pump system comprising an evaporator mounted on the return pipeline of the heating system, the condenser mounted on the branch of the feeding pipeline to the premises in which people can be during working hours of the background heating, the compressor with electric drive, also the system is provided with a group of fans attached to the heating devices in the controlled premises.

EFFECT: maintaining acceptable indoor temperature, in which there are people in the working hours of background heating.

1 dwg

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