Wall split air conditioner

FIELD: ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: wall split air conditioner has a binary compressor consisting of an electric motor with a shaft and mechanical transmissions installed on its ends in the form of crankshafts, a piston compressor and a pneumatic actuator with a possibility of operation in anti-phase mode, and bypass valve system which is implemented in the form of cylindrical housing electric motor installed on a shaft with the bypass branch pipes rowed on its surface and along the longitudinal axis, one of end branch pipes is interconnected with the heating air heat exchanger, another end one - with the cooling air heat exchanger, and the middle branch pipe is interconnected with the pneumatic actuator. On the electric motor shaft the bushing is installed with a possibility of rotation which has cross grooves arranged symmetrically with reference to the longitudinal axis of the bushing and shifted with reference to each other with a possibility of bypass of working reagent for providing of operation of the piston compressor and the pneumatic actuator in anti-phase mode.

EFFECT: consumption decrease and design simplification.

3 dwg

 



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: system of ventilation and heating of bathrooms in multistory buildings comprises heating devices of bathrooms, joined with supply and return pipelines of hot water circulation and air ducts of natural ventilation with connected ventilation holes. The novelty is the fact that the system additionally comprises a heat pump, the ventilation pump of which is made with input holes in the lower part joined via the collector with air ducts of natural ventilation, a unit of automatic control installed on a hydraulic module, a heat exchanger-capacitor of which via a circulation pump is connected with the supply and return pipeline of hot water circulation with heating devices of bathrooms, and also a heat-regulating valve installed on the return pipeline with coolant, for instance, freon in the liquid-state phase.

EFFECT: using sources of renewable energy and reduced air pollution, improved ventilation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: system of heat supply and cold supply consists of a heating plant with a circulation pump and a heat exchanger, supply and return pipelines, heating devices, stop and control valves. A pipeline that supplies a heated coolant to heating devices comprises an inbuilt absorption-refrigerating machine, connected by means of a generator (a boiler) into a pipeline that supplies heat from the heating plant. At the outlet of the absorption-refrigerating machine there is a thermostat, and one or more heating circuits are connected, which comprises supply and return pipelines, and heating devices. The thermostat is installed between a heating plant and heating devices. The thermostat depending on temperature in a heated room may automatically switch direction of coolant movement either via heating devices, and/or into a return pipeline. The system of absorption refrigerating machine cooling comprises a thermostat, which, depending on temperature in the heated room may switch direction of coolant movement into heating devices or into a cooling device.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and convenience of heat supply system operation and cold generation.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: system includes basin located in the underground storeroom of the building, in which there is water-ice-water system, heat pump located so that it can cool the air in air layer located above upper water layer and warm the air in the heated room. Besides, system includes water pump installed so that it can pump water from lower layer to upper layer, and fan installed with possibility of air suction through exhaust pipe from the above air layer to atmosphere outside the building; at that, the above air layer is interconnected with atmosphere.

EFFECT: providing heat energy to stand-alone building owing to operation of heat pump and heat generated during phase water-ice transition.

1 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: borehole heat supply system with underground heat-hydro-accumulation contains water source, connected to feeding tank, communicating to it water conduit, bottom end of which is connected to flow area, installed in water conduit hydraulic turbine, interlocked to located lowerc vortical heat-generator of disk type, casing of which are implemented with ability of fixation and perception by it of reaction moment by reference element under working level of water, pressure of which is enough for manufacture of heat energy. Water conduit is well, water source is superficial reservoir, in area of which it is drilled well or drilled and communicated to it underground water-bearing zone or zones or superficial reservoir with underground zone or zones of communication of feeding tank to water conduit, outfitted by variable water flow control device, for instance regulator-shutter, well space up to placement location of vortical heat-generator is drilled by upright method. Borehole system also contains heat-water consumer, with heat network, allowing input and output pipelines. Hydraulic turbine and vortical heat-generator of disk type are unitised and amount borehole hydro-heat-aggregate, casing of which are rigidly connected, hydraulic turbine is located higher vortical heat-generator of disk type, reference element is pipe string pulled down into well, top end of which is fixed on well head, hydro-heat-aggregate is connected to bottom end of pipe string. Flow area is absorbing space of natural or artificial origin, for instance formed by means of cracking by hydro-rupture collector. It additionally includes production well, which is drilled, for instance formed by means of cracking by hydro-rupture collector, communicated to it, and in conditions when downstream absorbing space is not intersect to vertical well route, well space lower the placement location of hydro-heat-aggregate is drilled as directed up to intersection to flow area. Input pipeline of heat-water consumer is connected to production well, and its output pipeline - to well.

EFFECT: expansion of use environment of downhole system of heat supply, extension of its functional capabilities - giving of ability to accumulate and keep heat energy output, and implementation of closed cycle of heat supply with cost minimisation for creation of heat networks of heat-consumer and heat losses in it.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, industry, power engineering and can be applied for room heating and cooling. Environmental heat based on developed method and device for heating and cooling of industrial and agricultural facilities, accommodation spaces with environmental heat by means of natural self-organisation effect, i.e. ensuring maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, and possibility of operation without primary energy supply owing to use of environmental heat. Method of heating and cooling with environmental heat based on self-organisation effect by start of accumulator, switch box, capacitive heat converter to electrical energy and heat pump, used for energy heat closure by means of capacitive converter, and by capacitive converter in heating mode moved outside the heated room. At that automatic control of heat pump is matched with control of capacitive converter moving away from the heated room, as well as by the fact that to provide maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, operating mode of capacitive converter is performed at golden ratio of charge-discharge stroke Sc/Sd=0.618. Electric power of capacitive converter is set up not lower 25% of pump heating capacity. Besides, device for heating and cooling with environmental heat is described.

EFFECT: availability of widely used energy source.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; reversible air conditioners.

SUBSTANCE: proposed air conditioner-heater consists of heat exchanger installed inside room and operating in summer period as evaporator, and external heat exchanger with fan operating in summer period as condenser, working medium, compressor with electric drive, four-way valve and branch pipes connecting above-indicated sets into common plant with possibility of reversing to make external heat exchanger operate as evaporator in cold seasons. Air conditioner-heater includes therosiphons in form of vertical gravity heat pipes whose evaporating parts are driven into ground, and condensing parts project over surface of ground being furnished with heat exchangers with air. Condensing parts of heat pipes with heat exchangers are enclosed, together with outer heat exchanger and fan, in sealed heat-insulated hood furnished with hatches to pass outer air into inner space of hood, when hatches are opened.

EFFECT: increased thermal energy transformation coefficient.

2 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to heat pump installations and can be used for hot water supply and heating of residential buildings, cottages and buildings of various types

The invention relates to heat transfer devices and can be used in the field of heat, in particular in heating systems or heat or air conditioning facilities for various purposes

The invention relates to heating from hot water installations in a closed heating system

FIELD: mechanical engineering; reversible air conditioners.

SUBSTANCE: proposed air conditioner-heater consists of heat exchanger installed inside room and operating in summer period as evaporator, and external heat exchanger with fan operating in summer period as condenser, working medium, compressor with electric drive, four-way valve and branch pipes connecting above-indicated sets into common plant with possibility of reversing to make external heat exchanger operate as evaporator in cold seasons. Air conditioner-heater includes therosiphons in form of vertical gravity heat pipes whose evaporating parts are driven into ground, and condensing parts project over surface of ground being furnished with heat exchangers with air. Condensing parts of heat pipes with heat exchangers are enclosed, together with outer heat exchanger and fan, in sealed heat-insulated hood furnished with hatches to pass outer air into inner space of hood, when hatches are opened.

EFFECT: increased thermal energy transformation coefficient.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, industry, power engineering and can be applied for room heating and cooling. Environmental heat based on developed method and device for heating and cooling of industrial and agricultural facilities, accommodation spaces with environmental heat by means of natural self-organisation effect, i.e. ensuring maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, and possibility of operation without primary energy supply owing to use of environmental heat. Method of heating and cooling with environmental heat based on self-organisation effect by start of accumulator, switch box, capacitive heat converter to electrical energy and heat pump, used for energy heat closure by means of capacitive converter, and by capacitive converter in heating mode moved outside the heated room. At that automatic control of heat pump is matched with control of capacitive converter moving away from the heated room, as well as by the fact that to provide maximum efficiency of heat energy conversion to electric energy, operating mode of capacitive converter is performed at golden ratio of charge-discharge stroke Sc/Sd=0.618. Electric power of capacitive converter is set up not lower 25% of pump heating capacity. Besides, device for heating and cooling with environmental heat is described.

EFFECT: availability of widely used energy source.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: borehole heat supply system with underground heat-hydro-accumulation contains water source, connected to feeding tank, communicating to it water conduit, bottom end of which is connected to flow area, installed in water conduit hydraulic turbine, interlocked to located lowerc vortical heat-generator of disk type, casing of which are implemented with ability of fixation and perception by it of reaction moment by reference element under working level of water, pressure of which is enough for manufacture of heat energy. Water conduit is well, water source is superficial reservoir, in area of which it is drilled well or drilled and communicated to it underground water-bearing zone or zones or superficial reservoir with underground zone or zones of communication of feeding tank to water conduit, outfitted by variable water flow control device, for instance regulator-shutter, well space up to placement location of vortical heat-generator is drilled by upright method. Borehole system also contains heat-water consumer, with heat network, allowing input and output pipelines. Hydraulic turbine and vortical heat-generator of disk type are unitised and amount borehole hydro-heat-aggregate, casing of which are rigidly connected, hydraulic turbine is located higher vortical heat-generator of disk type, reference element is pipe string pulled down into well, top end of which is fixed on well head, hydro-heat-aggregate is connected to bottom end of pipe string. Flow area is absorbing space of natural or artificial origin, for instance formed by means of cracking by hydro-rupture collector. It additionally includes production well, which is drilled, for instance formed by means of cracking by hydro-rupture collector, communicated to it, and in conditions when downstream absorbing space is not intersect to vertical well route, well space lower the placement location of hydro-heat-aggregate is drilled as directed up to intersection to flow area. Input pipeline of heat-water consumer is connected to production well, and its output pipeline - to well.

EFFECT: expansion of use environment of downhole system of heat supply, extension of its functional capabilities - giving of ability to accumulate and keep heat energy output, and implementation of closed cycle of heat supply with cost minimisation for creation of heat networks of heat-consumer and heat losses in it.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: system includes basin located in the underground storeroom of the building, in which there is water-ice-water system, heat pump located so that it can cool the air in air layer located above upper water layer and warm the air in the heated room. Besides, system includes water pump installed so that it can pump water from lower layer to upper layer, and fan installed with possibility of air suction through exhaust pipe from the above air layer to atmosphere outside the building; at that, the above air layer is interconnected with atmosphere.

EFFECT: providing heat energy to stand-alone building owing to operation of heat pump and heat generated during phase water-ice transition.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: system of heat supply and cold supply consists of a heating plant with a circulation pump and a heat exchanger, supply and return pipelines, heating devices, stop and control valves. A pipeline that supplies a heated coolant to heating devices comprises an inbuilt absorption-refrigerating machine, connected by means of a generator (a boiler) into a pipeline that supplies heat from the heating plant. At the outlet of the absorption-refrigerating machine there is a thermostat, and one or more heating circuits are connected, which comprises supply and return pipelines, and heating devices. The thermostat is installed between a heating plant and heating devices. The thermostat depending on temperature in a heated room may automatically switch direction of coolant movement either via heating devices, and/or into a return pipeline. The system of absorption refrigerating machine cooling comprises a thermostat, which, depending on temperature in the heated room may switch direction of coolant movement into heating devices or into a cooling device.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and convenience of heat supply system operation and cold generation.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: system of ventilation and heating of bathrooms in multistory buildings comprises heating devices of bathrooms, joined with supply and return pipelines of hot water circulation and air ducts of natural ventilation with connected ventilation holes. The novelty is the fact that the system additionally comprises a heat pump, the ventilation pump of which is made with input holes in the lower part joined via the collector with air ducts of natural ventilation, a unit of automatic control installed on a hydraulic module, a heat exchanger-capacitor of which via a circulation pump is connected with the supply and return pipeline of hot water circulation with heating devices of bathrooms, and also a heat-regulating valve installed on the return pipeline with coolant, for instance, freon in the liquid-state phase.

EFFECT: using sources of renewable energy and reduced air pollution, improved ventilation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: wall split air conditioner has a binary compressor consisting of an electric motor with a shaft and mechanical transmissions installed on its ends in the form of crankshafts, a piston compressor and a pneumatic actuator with a possibility of operation in anti-phase mode, and bypass valve system which is implemented in the form of cylindrical housing electric motor installed on a shaft with the bypass branch pipes rowed on its surface and along the longitudinal axis, one of end branch pipes is interconnected with the heating air heat exchanger, another end one - with the cooling air heat exchanger, and the middle branch pipe is interconnected with the pneumatic actuator. On the electric motor shaft the bushing is installed with a possibility of rotation which has cross grooves arranged symmetrically with reference to the longitudinal axis of the bushing and shifted with reference to each other with a possibility of bypass of working reagent for providing of operation of the piston compressor and the pneumatic actuator in anti-phase mode.

EFFECT: consumption decrease and design simplification.

3 dwg

Up!