Batcher of solid substance dissolved in solution

FIELD: transport, distribution.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to proportioning. Batcher 10 comprises at least one vessel 12 with the bulk M of solid substance 14, at least one feed pipeline 20 connected with said vessel 12 to feed fluid in amount L to said vessel 12. Note here that said portion P of said solid substance is either partially or completely dissolved in said fluid to obtain aforesaid solution. Said portion P is notably smaller than bulk M so that said vessel 12 contains permanently the positive portion of said solid substance. Said positive part is defined by subtracting said P from M. Batcher 10 can comprise outlet pipe 16 for extraction of continuous portions of obtained solution and at least measuring means 22 to track at least one characteristic of the solution part. Invention covers also the methods of solution proportioning.

EFFECT: perfected system, simplified transportation and storage and making of the solution of preset concentration.

34 cl, 2 dwg

 

AREA of TECHNOLOGY

The present invention relates in General to a dispenser for dispensing and dosing of a solution of partially or totally dissolved solids. In accordance with one variant of implementation of the present invention relates to systems for fertilizer and irrigation, providing fertilizer for crops maturing on irrigated field. More specifically, the present invention relates to a dispenser providing for the dissolution of the granulated or powdered substance, such as a solid fertilizer, and regulating the level of this material is dosed into the water for irrigation.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

The present invention relates mainly to the spout for filling and dosing of a solution of partially or totally dissolved solids. In accordance with one variant of implementation of the present invention relates to systems for fertilizer and irrigation, providing fertilizer for crops maturing on irrigated field.

The fertilizer through irrigation is widespread. In early versions of commercial systems for fertilizers with irrigation water normally used granular fertilizers. Given the number of required fertilizer, which is in the form of granulated substances, soluble in water, first add�makes into a closed container. This reservoir communicates with the tubing irrigation. Valves to control the pressure exerted on the solution contained in the reservoir, compared with the pressure existing in the pipe irrigation, provide dispensing fertilizer into the water for irrigation at a speed coordinated with the speed of the flow of water for irrigation. The main disadvantage of these systems is the inherent difficulty of accurately adjusting the level at which the fertilizer is mixed with water for irrigation, and, in turn, the rate of fertilizer. Especially in cases, when used fertilizer dissolves relatively quickly, the total amount of fertilizer contained in the tank, quickly flooding the tank and mixed with water for irrigation within a very short time.

In the international patent application with publication number WO 06034105 described system and method of fertilizer with irrigation water. The described system includes a closed container for the storage of granular fertilizers. Some of the water for irrigation is supplied under pressure into the tank to dissolve the fertilizer. In accordance with the described method uses the fertilizer granules at a controlled dosage, so that the rate at which the fertilizer is mixed with water for irrigation, is reduced to an acceptable level. In the Patent �SHA US 6659128 describes a dosing device for dosing solutions such as fertilizer dissolved in water, when measured speed. Atomizer for liquid connected to the main pipeline, provides part of the fluid which is taken from the core piping in a closed tank containing liquid fertilizer. The injected fluid provides a dissolution solution contained in the tank, so that the concentration of the solution that exits from the closed tank, corresponds to a desirable level. Holes dispensers provide venting, and also installing the proportions of injection and the concentration of the dosing solution.

Improved systems of fertilizers with irrigation currently use liquid fertilizers, which are served in open containers at ambient temperatures. The pre-determined dose of the dissolved fertilizer at a given concentration systematically distributed from this reservoir by means of a dedicated pump, which then injects them into the pipeline system of water for irrigation. However, it requires prior efforts to dissolve the fertilizer, which in turn increases costs. In addition, the logistics associated with the transportation and storage of liquids, are more costly and complex than the problems of logistics, existing case� granular fertilizers. Consequently, the more favorable are the dispensers of liquid fertilizer using granular and/or powdery solid substance; which eliminate the necessity of using high pressure components; and, therefore, are less costly to manufacture and maintain; which provide the systematic allocation of doses dissolved fertilizer at a controlled concentration levels, and the need for such devices is long overdue.

Summary of the INVENTION

The aim of the present invention is to provide a dispenser for dispensing a solution of a partially or fully dissolved solids, including

a. at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter;

b. at least one supply line which communicates with said reservoir and which is made with the possibility of introducing a quantity or volume L of a stream of fluid entering the said tank, the portion P of the specified solids, either partially or completely dissolved in said liquid, thereby obtaining the specified solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid substance; the positive part is determined�Xia by subtracting P from M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising a means of systematically measuring the level of at least one of the characteristics associated with the specified mortar resident within this tank, and getting the level of concentration of the specified substance in the specified mortar resident located in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified fluid flow is introduced either continuously or boot portions.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said amount or volume L of liquid is less than M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said amount or volume L of liquid is more M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said spout further includes at least one sensing means for indicating at least one characteristic of a specified solution.

Another purpose of�of bretania is the creation of a dispenser in accordance with the above description, wherein the specified sensing means is selected from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, wherein the specified characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said spout further includes at least one exhaust manifold, configured to extract at least part of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified solid substance is in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms.

Another objective of the present invention is the creation of Donato�and in accordance with the above description, wherein the liquid is selected from the group including hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobia solvents, organic solvents, inorganic solvents, or any combination of these substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said liquid is water. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of suspension.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which M is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, wherein R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising means, performed with the possibility of introducing at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is made � the possibility of leaching of the excess quantity of the solute.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified liquid stream is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said spout further includes a sensing means for indicating and maintaining the amount of said solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the reservoir communicates with the atmospheric air. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which at least part of the specified wall specified discharge tube is made of perforated.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, additionally� including the filter which is arranged to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said reservoir is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified material is arranged to prevent the development of corrosion inside the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising at least one controller adapted to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is the creation of Donato�and in accordance with the above description, according to which the said spout further includes at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said level indicator is a float.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, comprising the combination of at least two reservoirs, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solids.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified solid substance is selected from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of such substances; furthermore, the specified dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, for food industry (e.g. in the beverage industry), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or � any combination of these fields.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, also including intermediate holding tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified exhaust manifold has the design of the siphon.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, when the said spout is made with the possibility of its use in the system for supplying fertilizers and irrigation.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser system for fertilizers and irrigation, having a receiving tank, the design and the scheme which allows you to take and store a lot of solid fertilizers, wherein said dispenser includes:

- at least one receiving tank; wherein in the specified tank is accepted, stored and contains a lot of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount;

- a supply pipe connected to the pipeline supplying fresh water to supply the tank discontinuous specified portions of fresh water, so that the said receiving rezé�the coast is obtained a solution of the specified fertilizer;

- the exhaust pipe to extract the discontinuous portions of the specified solution from the specified receiving tank, and

- at least one measuring means for monitoring at least one characteristic associated with the specified part of the solution;

wherein said at least one characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature of the specified fluid; the level of hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for the height of the upper level of the mortar resident in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank; mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; density part of the solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified receiving tank communicates with the atmospheric air.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, also including intermediate holding tank communicating with the ATM�sphere air for intermediate storage of the above extracted portions of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, which specified the exhaust pipe has the design of the siphon.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, also includes a measuring tube, air pump, pressure sensor, and wherein one end of the specified measuring tube is flush with the bottom of the receiving vessel and the other end of the specified measuring tube is pointing up, to the top of the specified receiving vessel.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified fresh water is introduced either continuously or boot portions.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description,

in which the specified solid fertilizer is in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified solid fertilizer support�recover in the wet state or in the form of suspension.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising means, performed with the possibility of introducing at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the solute.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified specified introduction fresh water is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the specified receiving vessel.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said spout further includes a sensing means for indicating and maintaining the amount of solution specified in the receiving tank above a predetermined threshold value.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, which measures at� part of the specified wall specified discharge tube is made of perforated.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising a filter configured to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the specified receiving vessel.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the specified receiving tank is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the description above, wherein said material is arranged to prevent the development of corrosion within said receiving tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, further comprising at least one controller, made possible�completely verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow, input specified in the receiving tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said spout further includes at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid specified in the receiving tank at a predetermined level.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said level indicator is a float.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, comprising a combination of at least two receiving tanks, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solid fertilizers.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method for dosing of a solution of partially or fully dissolved solids. The method includes the steps of choosing, among other things, of:

a. receive:

(i) at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter; and

ii) at least one inlet pipeline;

b. placement in the specified tank mass M of solid matter;

c providing a message to at least one of the supply lines with at least one of the reservoirs;

d. the introduction of the quantity or volume L of a stream of liquid in the said reservoir, with gradual dissolution of part P of the said mass of solids in said liquid and for producing said solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid substance; the positive part is determined by subtracting P from M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified step to enter the fluid flow is either permanently or boot portions.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the said amount or volume L of liquid is less than M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the said amount or volume L of liquid is more M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step in systematically measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident located in the specified container.

Other� the purpose of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for obtaining a measurement of a concentration of the specified substance in the specified mortar resident located in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the steps of: (a) to ensure the specified dispenser with at least one sensing means; and (b) indicating at least one characteristic of a specified solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the steps of selecting the specified reading means from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified characteristics of the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another objective n�standing of the invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step to provide a specified dosing at least one outlet conduit adapted to retrieve at least part of the solution. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified solid substance in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified fluid from the group comprising hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobia solvents, organic solvents, inorganic solvents, or any combination of these substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified fluid from the water.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of suspension.

Another goal for�present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, wherein M is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, wherein R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of entering at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the solute.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step of synchronization of the specified fluid flow with a specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of indicating and maintaining an amount of said solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold value.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified predetermined threshold value sostavliaete least a few millimeters.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step according to the tank with atmospheric air.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of providing perforations in at least part of the specified wall specified outlet line.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of preventing the ingress of granules of solid material to a specified discharge pipe by installing a filter in the pipeline.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one edge flange to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising steps to ensure the tank is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless with�al, or any combination of these materials.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of preventing corrosion in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising steps to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one controller adapted to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified indicator of the level of the float.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step to provide a dispenser with the specified combination of at least two tanks, to�zhdy of which includes a substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solids.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified solid substance from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of these substances. Further specified the dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, for food industry (e.g. in the beverage industry), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or in any combination of the above sectors.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, comprising a step to provide the specified dispenser intermediate reservoir tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step to provide specified discharge tube having the construction of the siphon.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in �accordance with the above description, when the said spout is made with the possibility of its use in the system for supplying fertilizers and irrigation.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of spraying the individual parts of the specified liquid on the surface of the specified solids to dissolve the relevant parts of the specified solids, and in which the specified individual of the fluid is very small.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for extraction of the indicated solution using a means selected from the pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for measuring the hydrostatic pressure by measuring the pressure level of the air that is compressed at one end of the measuring tube, is immersed in said solution, and wherein the said measurement is carried out at the stage where you set the level to the specified solution contained in the tube.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance � the above description, further comprising the step of introducing into the said tank, an additional amount of said solid substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of repeating the step of introduction into the specified tank additional amount of said solid substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method of dispensing an aqueous solution of the solid fertilizer. The method includes, among other things, steps:

a. by providing at least one receiving tank; wherein said receiving tank contains a lot of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount;.

b. by the gradual dissolution of the specified solid fertilizers in the specified receiving tank with a systematic filing specified in the receiving tank separate parts of fresh water;

c. by systematically measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, and you receive the level of concentration of the specified fertilizer at the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank when measured using the specified level, and

d. systematic retrieval of parts Yes�tion of the number and concentration of the receiving tank, and

wherein said dispenser includes exhaust pipe and supply pipe, and wherein the said extraction is performed using the exhaust pipe, the orifice of which is located above the bottom of the tank, and wherein said inlet is carried out using the inlet pipeline, designed to bring fresh water in the said tank, so that the water level of the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, not falls below a predetermined threshold level, and wherein said at least one characteristic selected from the group of characteristics including the temperature of the specified solution, the level of' hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for the height of the upper level of the mortar resident in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank, the mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank, the density of the solution extracted from the specified receiving vessel, the electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another purpose of the present Fig�need is to create a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising spraying the separate parts of fresh water to the top of the specified solid fertilizers for the dissolution of the relevant parts of the specified solid fertilizers, and in which these separate parts of fresh water is very small compared with the specified preset number.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising an intermediate storage of the specified recoverable parts of the solution in the intermediate collection tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the said extraction is carried out by pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified dimension of the specified hydrostatic pressure by measuring the level of air pressure pushing on one end of the measuring tube, immersed in the indicated aqueous solution, and wherein the said measurement is carried out at the stage where you set the level to the specified aqueous solution contained in the tube.

Finally, another objective of the present invention is the creation of a joint venture�soba in accordance with the above description, at which the specified level of the aqueous solution contained in said tube equal to the specified predetermined threshold value.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

Fig.1 - shows a diagram of a dosing system for fertilizer engaged in fertilizer through irrigation, in accordance with the present invention;

Fig.2 shows a diagram of the dispenser system of fertilizer engaged in fertilizer through irrigation, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of the PRESENT INVENTION

The following is a description, the heads of which are set out in such a manner so as to enable any person skilled in the art to use the invention and to formulate the best options for implementation, the alleged inventor of the present invention. However, there are various modifications which are obvious to specialists in this field, since the General principles of the present invention have been defined specifically to create the liquid dispenser that uses the mass of the solid raw material (powdered and/or granulated).

According to the present invention proposes a dispenser for dispensing a solution of a partially or totally dissolved solids. The dispenser comprises (a) at least one reservoir; wherein said reserve�R accommodates the mass M of solid matter; and (b) at least one supply pipe which communicates with said reservoir and which is made with the possibility of introducing a quantity or volume L of a stream of liquid in the said reservoir; wherein a portion P of the said mass of solids at least partially or fully dissolved in said liquid, thereby obtaining the specified solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid substance; the positive part is determined by subtracting P from M.

The term "number" means a quantitative property, namely, quantitative physical property, such as volume, mass, weight, absolute volume, absolute weight or absolute weight (e.g., absolute amount of powder in the amount of the specified powder when it is compressed, i.e. without air).

In accordance with one of the implementations of the present invention, the dispenser is used for liquid fertilizer. However, it must be emphasized that, in accordance with the present invention may use one or more dispensers in every application in which it is necessary to prepare a solution of the desired concentration, or a mixture of different partial concentrations.

The device and method according to the present� to the invention can be used, for example, in the processing industry, the chemical industry, the production of pesticides, industry disinfection, for food industry (for example, in the production of beverages, namely beer), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry and so on.

In addition, it must be emphasized that the solids used in accordance with the present invention may be any substance selected from fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of these substances.

The dispenser in accordance with one of the implementations of the present invention includes a receiving tank for receiving solid substances (e.g. fertilizer), which is soluble in water.

In accordance with the present invention does not require accurate measurement of the amount of solids stored in the tank.

In the receiving tank periodically received part of fresh water for the gradual dissolution of the relevant parts of the solids contained in the tank. In accordance with the present invention a large portion of the solids contained in the receiving tank, for the most part of time of producing fertilizer is in a wet state or in the form of suspension.

The amount of solids (e.g., UD�breña), soluble in aqueous solutions, which are systematically formed and contained in the reservoir is very small compared with the remaining amount of solids in the wet state and/or in the form of a slurry contained in the tank, for most of the time.

With the introduction of small portions of the solvent, which is capable of flushing the excess quantity of dissolved substances (which are saturated or at least have a high concentration), obtained separate parts of a saturated solution.

These separate parts of a saturated solution and/or solutions of relatively high concentrations periodically extracted from the tank and then injected into the pipeline supplying water to the required field.

It should be noted that the number of said separate parts of a saturated solution and/or solutions of relatively high concentrations correspond to measured at the moment the consumption of water for irrigation.

Flow into the tank parts fresh water synchronized with the amounts of fluids extracted from the reservoir, so that the level of saturated solution and/or solution of high concentration, which is in the tank drops below a predetermined threshold value.

Therefore, the amount of a saturated solution of Il� solution of high concentration occupies the inner space of the receiving tank, which is located above its bottom. Inlet exhaust piping that transports dissolved solids (e.g., fertilizer), which is then mixed with the irrigation water, is immersed in the solution during the entire session (e.g., session preparation of fertilizers).

The first reference is made to Fig.1, which shows a diagram of a system 8 of fertilizer and irrigation, comprising a dispenser 10 in accordance with one of the implementations of the present invention.

The dispenser 10 includes a receiving tank 12 for receiving and storage of granular and/or powdery fertilizers 14, which communicates with the atmospheric air. Exhaust manifold 16 is connected to the pump, a suction dissolved fertilizer from the tank 12. Wall of the lower segment of the exhaust pipe 16 has perforations and is in line with the filter 18. Limit cutoff filter 18 is arranged to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the discharge line 16. A supply pipe 20, which is connected to the main pipe 21, periodically delivers the fresh water in the tank 12.

In accordance with other implementations of the present invention proposed various means of measuring characteristics of at least part of the solution. Such tools can be selected �W group, including mass flow meter 22, the electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices.

As described above, one of the agents can be mass flowmeter 22.

The specified flow meter 22 is arranged to measure the mass of the specified parts of the solution extracted from the reservoir 12.

The specified measurement of weight or density of the solution allows, in accordance with the present invention, to obtain the derivative of the instantaneous concentration of the dissolved fertilizer at any given time (i.e. to perform the measurement in real time).

Additionally or specified alternative means of measuring the characteristics of the formed solution can be, for example, electrical conductive sensor, which measures the electrical conductivity of the dissolved fertilizer after it dissolves the specified mixture with this water for irrigation.

The measured levels of electrical conductivity allow to deduce the concentration of aqueous solutions, e.g. fertilizer, which systematically removed from the dispenser.

An optional annular edge flanges 24 do not allow leakage of water along the wall of the tank 12 and/or the wall of the filter 18, thereby ensuring that granular fertilizer is watered �octopuses fresh water and turns into a suspension.

The vessel 12, typically made from plastic polymers, polypropylene or metal, such as stainless steel that can withstand harsh natural conditions in the process of exploitation and chemically inert to the chemical composition of fertilizers used, which prevents the development of corrosion.

The approximate level of the capacity of the tank 12 is in the range from 100 to 500 kg solids (e.g., granular fertilizer).

Two-stage valve or a continuously adjustable valve 26 with electric control from the controller 28 of the system are arranged to ensure correct dosage parts of fresh water input on the cycle of the feed dispenser.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention proposes a level indicator such as a float. The specified level meter has electrical control from the controller 28 and is designed to hold the water level (indicated by the dashed line 30) to the desired level, which does not fall below a predetermined threshold minimum number of the solution that needs to be present in the tank 12, in accordance with the present invention.

Other standard means of measuring the properties/characteristics of the solution, from which one can deduce the concentration of the solution, assetcategory sensor. Such a sensor preferably is mounted in the outlet conduit 16 and has electrical control from the controller 28 of the system.

The temperature of the saturated solution, as it is known, can also allow to deduce the concentration of dissolved solids (e.g. fertilizer). In practice, the temperature sensor and/or mass flowmeter 22 is installed in the segment 16' of the exhaust duct that directs the dissolved substance (e.g., fertilizer) into the pipeline system (e.g., irrigation system).

The pump 32 is periodically triggered by a controller 28 in the intervals that correspond to the calculated, measured and/or indicated concentrations of dissolved substances (e.g. fertilizer) and water flow in the main pipeline 21.

This flow rate is measured by mass or volume flow meter 34 having electrical control from the controller 28 of the system (dashed line, connecting elements 22, 26, 32 and 34 with the controller 28 indicates the wiring that provides electrical connection of these elements with the controller).

The one-way valve 36 prevents water from main pipe 21 back to the pump 32. Coupling pipe 38, such as any known in the art couplings provide a connection �sootvetstvujushej pipe from pipe 40 directly with the irrigation system, the feed, for example, a fertilizer on the field.

Reference is made to Fig.2, which shows a segment of the dosing scheme for the system 60 of fertilizer and irrigation, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

The reservoir 62, which communicates with the atmospheric air, allowing storage of solid fertilizers 64 (granulated and/or powdered).

The cylinder 66 has upper and lower segments with perforations 68 and is in line with the filter 69. The limit of the cutoff of this filter doesn't allow any solids, fine granules, particles and/or grains of powder into the lumen of the cylinder 66.

Supply pipe 70 provides periodic spraying fresh water into the tank 62. Supply tank 62 is replenished with fresh water as soon as the level 71 of the water in the tank 62, falls below a predetermined threshold level. Measurement of level 71 is performed using a level indicator, such as electrical electrodes or float, which are electrically connected to a system controller (not shown).

Don't need an exact dosage of the amount of water is periodically supplied to the reservoir 62, as each added portion has a volume exceeding a predetermined minimum amount, which can form a significant obamascare, which is then removed from the tank before the next feeding cycle.

Edge flanges 74 do not allow the incoming water leakage on the walls of the tank or cylinder 62 66. Siphon 78, pipe, U-shaped, is arranged to pump fluid from the lumen of the cylinder 66 by gravity.

Dosing recoverable part of the solution, and starting pumping is performed with a valve 79. Not necessarily likewise an extra upper threshold limit, for example, by using additional float, which is located at a predetermined altitude above the level indicator.

The supply of water in the receiving tank is triggered when the level of the solution, who is on the receiving tank becomes below the threshold level.

The water in the tank continues until the elapsed time or becomes less than a predetermined time interval, or reach the point when the solution level in the tank is below the upper threshold.

In such cases, the portion of the solution removed from the tank during the time interval during which the level of solution in the reservoir is below a threshold level. Therefore, the amount of solution removed from the tank or in the measurement of time between extraction, l�Bo when removing the appropriate volume of the solution (which is known), which occupies the space of the tank between the upper and lower threshold level.

The recoverable portion of the dissolved fertilizers (i.e. the solution) is adjudged to be in an intermediate holding tank 80. Intermediate collection tank 80 can accumulate part of the solution, which are extracted from one or more different dispensers, each of which is similarly gradually dissolves the substance (i.e. fertilizer) for receiving parts of a solution of appropriate concentrations.

Intermediate collection tank 80, which communicates with the atmospheric air, is located below the bottom of the tank 62. Exhaust pipe 84 is arranged to deliver the liquid contained in the tank 80, to the pump, which then pumps them into the pipeline system of irrigation.

The hole in the lower segment of the measuring tube 86 is immersed in the solution, which is located within the cylinder 66 and the reservoir 62. A relatively small air pump 88 is moderately compresses the air in the measuring tube 86. Air enters through the tiny hole located on the wall of the tube 90, which branches off from the measuring tube 86. The sensor 92 pressure, which hermetically closes the open end of the tube 90, provides a measurement of air pressure inside the tube 90. The level of air pressure inside the tube is $ 90 instant LVL�wny hydrostatic pressure, measured at the metering holes 86.

The measurement of air pressure is performed in accordance with the present invention when the liquid level in the tank 62 reaches the aforementioned threshold level. The measured hydrostatic pressure is equal to the conversion factor, the height level of the solution, multiplied by its density (i.e. pressure, p, exerted on the liquid column of height h and density p, a g - acceleration of free fall) and is expressed by the following formula:

p=pgh

The height of the liquid contained in the reservoir, is known at any given time. Consequently, the density of the solution is maintained at the bottom of the tank, and the concentration of dissolved fertilizer can be derived using the corresponding measured level of air pressure.

In turn, the data amount of the solution and the partial concentrations of each solute that can be further transferred from the intermediate precast tank 80 and under pressure filed in the piping of the irrigation system, so that the fertilizer will run at the desired speed.

For the operation of the dispenser described with reference to Fig.2 and above, you first need to upload it to the receiving tank by a given amount of solid fertilizers, or predetermined amounts of various types of fertilizers are properly selected according to their partial concentrations in a saturated aqueous solution.

Then the first portion of fresh water is introduced into the receiving tank. This amount of water is either calculated based on the above threshold values, either measured experimentally.

This water forms part of the solution, which is not smaller in size in comparison with the level.

From this point begins the cycles in which alternately extracted to a separate portion of the solution from the receiving tank, and a separate part of the fresh water is fed back into the receiving tank; the level of air pressure in the measuring tube is measured before each supply of fresh water, and so on.

These cycles continue until such time as the remaining amount of solid material, which is located in the receiving tank exceeds a minimum level, so that this may form a saturated solution when submitting the next batch of fresh water.

Granular and/or powdery fertilizer may be added to the receiving tank of the dispenser at any time at will, even during operation of the system. Parts of fresh water, which are periodically introduced into the receiving tank, are selected so that at least a predetermined minimum number of newly formed aqueous solution of solid fertilizers could be extracted, and the minimum to�icesto solution would remain in the tank.

The gradual dissolution of solid fertilizers is performed so that the number of wet and/or dry fertilizer, which is located in the receiving tank, for most of the session, producing fertilizer, greatly exceeds the amount of dissolved fertilizer that water contained in the mortar resident in the receiving tank.

The amount of fresh water is periodically injected into the reservoir, should not be on the same level. For example, in the initial stages, when the level of fertilizer stored in the reservoir is relatively high, the amount of fresh water more than the amount of fresh water introduced at the stages in which the level of solid fertilizers is relatively low.

However, the solution contained in the tank is saturated or at least has a relatively high concentration of almost the entire session of producing fertilizer. Fertilizer dissolved in water, periodically pulse injected into the tubing of the irrigation system, as is known, in accordance with the rate of freshwater flow, for example, measured at the point on the pipeline supplying water for irrigation.

A new portion of fresh water is injected into the reservoir when the level of the solution contained in the reservoir decreases and reaches the calculated or measured threshold�new level corresponding to the aforementioned minimum amount of solution. In accordance with another implementation of the present invention may be used in combination of one or more receiving tanks, when a mixture of different fertilizer injected into the water for irrigation. In such cases, each of the reservoirs of the different dispensers used for the storage of granular fertilizers of the same species, and their corresponding partial concentration in a saturated solution are close to each other levels.

In such cases, the optional intermediate collection tank portions stored liquid fertilizers, which are extracted from various dispensers.

In such an implementation system that includes two or more receiving tank, each equipped with its own means of measuring characteristics of a corresponding aqueous solution, is connected individually to a single controller or to the controller under its own control.

Each of the receiving tanks are also connected to a separate pump for periodically pumping a saturated solution.

Can be installed additional pump (s) to extract the accumulated solution of intermediate precast tank and its subsequent injection into the pipeline system of�of osenia.

It is obvious that the work of the last pump, which injects the mixed solutions of different fertilizers in the pipeline, synchronized with pumps for a variety of receiving vessels. Choose two or more different dispensers are driven by one common controller.

However, it must be emphasized that, in accordance with the present invention can further be used one or more dispensers in every application in which it is necessary to prepare a solution of the desired concentration, or a mixture of different partial concentrations. Namely, such dispensers may be included in the system, as described above. The exception is that fertilizers are replaced consider soluble compounds, and the water is replaced with a suitable solvent.

Access-soluble substance is filled in the receiving tank of each of the dispensers, the amount of solvent are introduced periodically into the correct tank, when the amount of the saturated solution contained therein becomes lower than the corresponding minimum threshold, so that the amount of the saturated solution is higher than the corresponding minimum amount.

Portions of a saturated solution periodically retrieved from the corresponding receiving tank with a separate pump and then VLOOKUP�skihytta into the pipeline, filled with solvent.

The controller monitors the maintenance of values of portions of a saturated solution, which are extracted from the corresponding reservoir, and the speed at which the extraction is performed, in accordance with the rate of flow of pure solvent in the main pipeline. Thereby achieving the desired concentration of various compositions, delivered through the pipeline.

Similar work is desirable, when the desired concentration less than the concentration of saturated solutions at the same temperature.

Therefore, the present invention proposes a dispenser for dispensing a solution, at least partially or fully dissolved solids, including:

a. at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter;

b. at least one supply line which communicates with said reservoir and which is made with the possibility of introducing a quantity or volume L of a stream of fluid entering the said tank, the portion P of the specified solids, at least partially or fully dissolved in said liquid so that said solution is provided; wherein P is substantially less than M, so that the vessel constantly has� positive part of the specified solid substance; the positive part is determined by subtracting P from M.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention proposes a dispenser in accordance with the description above, which additionally includes a means of constantly measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident within this tank, and excretion of a concentration of the specified substance in the specified mortar resident located in the specified container.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the liquid stream is introduced either continuously or boot portions.

In accordance with some implementations, a thin layer of the specified solution is created over the surface of the said mass of solids. Specified thin layer of solution contains either partially or fully dissolved part P of the said mass of solids. Further it should be noted that the thin layer of the solution in the end is extracted from the tank and distributed.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the number L of fluid is less than M.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, in which a specified number L more fluid M.

In accordance with another R�the implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one sensing means adapted to display at least one characteristic of a specified solution.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the control means is selected from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one exhaust manifold, configured to extract at least part of the solution.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the solid substance is in the form selected from the group comprising powder, pellets, or any combination of these forms.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the liquid chosen�is from the group including water or any liquid, selected from hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobic solvents, organic solvents, inorganic solvents, or any combination of these substances.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the solid mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of suspension.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, M is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes means, made with the possibility of introducing at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the solute.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the liquid stream is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes a sensing means for indicating and maintaining counts� of the specified solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold value.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, a predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the reservoir communicates with the atmospheric air.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, at least part of the specified wall of the exhaust pipe is made of perforated. In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes a filter configured to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the reservoir is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the material is arranged to prevent the development of corrosion inside the tank.

According � another objective of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one controller adapted to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the specified container.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser includes a combination of at least two reservoirs, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solids.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, a solid substance is selected from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of such substances; further specified the dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, for food industry (e.g. in the beverage industry), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or in any combination of the above sectors.

In accordance with dragojevica of the present invention, the dispenser also includes an intermediate holding tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the exhaust manifold has the design of the siphon.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser is made with the possibility of its use in the system for supplying fertilizers and irrigation.

The present invention proposes a dispenser system for fertilizers and irrigation, having a receiving tank, the design and the scheme which allows you to take and store a lot of solid fertilizers, wherein said dispenser includes:

- at least one receiving tank; wherein in the specified tank is accepted, stored and contains a lot of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount;

- a supply pipe connected to the pipeline supplying fresh water to supply the tank discontinuous specified portions of fresh water, so that the said receiving tank is obtained a solution of specified fertilizers;

- the exhaust pipe to extract the discontinuous portions of the specified solution from the specified receiving tank, and

- at least one measuring means for monitoring at least one characteristic of a connected� the part of the solution;

wherein said at least one characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature of the specified fluid; the level of hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for this

the height of the upper level of the mortar resident in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank; mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; density part of the solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, a receiving tank communicates with the atmospheric air.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser also includes an intermediate collection tank,' communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the exhaust manifold has the design of the siphon.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser also includes a measuring tube, air pump, pressure sensor, and when �the one end of the specified measuring tube is placed close to the bottom of the receiving tank, and the other end of the specified measuring tube is pointing up, to the top of the specified receiving vessel.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, fresh water is introduced either continuously or boot portions.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the solid fertilizer is in the form selected from the group comprising powder, pellets, or any combination of these forms.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the solid fertilizer is kept moist or in suspension form.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes means, made with the possibility of introducing at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the solute.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the specified input of fresh water is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes a sensing means for indicating and maintaining the amount of said solution in the specified receiving tank above a predetermined Pirogovo� values.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, a predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, at least part of the specified wall of the exhaust pipe is made of perforated.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes a filter configured to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the specified receiving vessel.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the receiving tank is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the material is arranged to prevent the development of corrosion within said receiving tank.

In accordance with another objective of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least �DIN controller, configured to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the specified receiving tank.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser further includes at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid specified in the receiving tank at a predetermined level.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the dispenser includes a combination of at least two receiving tanks, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solid fertilizers. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method of dosing solution at least partially or fully dissolved solids. The method includes the steps of choosing, among other things, of:

and. receive:

(i) at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter; and

ii) at least one inlet pipeline;

b. providing a message to at least one of the supply lines with at least one of the reservoirs;

c. providing communication between at least one of the supply lines with at least one of the specified�'s tanks;

d. the introduction of the quantity or volume L of a stream of liquid in the said reservoir, with gradual dissolution of part P of the said mass of solids in said liquid and receipt of the specified solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid substance; the positive part is determined by subtracting P from M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified step to enter the fluid flow is either permanently or boot portions.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the number L of fluid is less than M.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the specified number L more fluid M.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step in systematically measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident located in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step on�the teaching dimension of a concentration of the specified substance in the specified mortar resident, located in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the steps of: (a) to ensure the specified dispenser with at least one sensing means; and (b) indicating at least one characteristic of a specified solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, also including the steps of selecting the specified reading means from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified characteristics of the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step about�ensuring the specified dispenser with at least one outlet duct, configured to extract at least part of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified solid substance in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified fluid from the group comprising hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobia solvents, organic solvents, inorganic solvents, or any combination of these substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a dispenser in accordance with the above description, in which the said liquid is water.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of suspension.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which M is in the range �t micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, wherein R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of entering at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the solute.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step of synchronization of the specified fluid flow with a specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of indicating and maintaining an amount of said solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold value.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

Another objective of the present izobreteny� is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for providing communication of the tank with atmospheric air.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of providing perforations in at least part of the specified wall of the exhaust pipe.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of preventing the ingress of granules of solid material to a specified discharge pipe by installing a filter in the pipeline.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one edge flange to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, also includes steps to ensure the tank is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials.

Another objective of the present invention is the creation of a joint venture�soba in accordance with the above description, additionally comprising step of preventing corrosion in the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising steps to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one controller adapted to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the specified container.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the description above, additionally comprising step of selecting the specified indicator of the level of the float.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step to provide a dispenser with the specified combination of at least two reservoirs, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solids.

D�ugih the purpose of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of selecting the specified solid substance from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of these substances. Furthermore, the specified dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, for food industry (e.g. in the beverage industry), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or in any combination of the above sectors.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, also comprising a step to provide the specified dispenser intermediate reservoir tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step to provide specified discharge tube having the construction of the siphon.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, when the said spout is adapted to the er� use in the system for supplying fertilizers and irrigation.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of spraying the individual parts of the specified liquid on the surface of the specified solids to dissolve the relevant parts of the specified solids, and in which the specified individual of the fluid is very small.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for extraction of the indicated solution using a means selected from the pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising a step for measuring the hydrostatic pressure by measuring the pressure level of the air that is compressed at one end of the measuring tube, is immersed in said solution, and wherein the said measurement is carried out at the stage where you set the level to the specified solution contained in the tube.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of introducing into the said additional reservoir to�contents of the specified solid substance.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, further comprising the step of repeating the step of introduction into the specified tank additional amount of said solid substances.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method of dispensing an aqueous solution of the solid fertilizer. The method includes, among other things, steps:

a. by providing at least one receiving tank; wherein said receiving tank contains a lot of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount;

b. by the gradual dissolution of the specified solid fertilizers in the specified receiving tank with a systematic filing specified in the receiving tank separate parts of fresh water;

c. by systematically measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, and you receive the level of concentration of the specified fertilizer at the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank when measured using the specified level, and

d. systematic retrieval of parts of a given quantity and concentration of the receiving tank, and

wherein said dispenser includes exhaust manifold and�driving the pipeline and wherein the said extraction is performed using the exhaust pipe, the orifice of which is located above the bottom of the tank, and the supply is carried out using the inlet pipeline, designed to bring fresh water in the said tank, so that the water level of the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, not falls below a predetermined threshold level, and wherein said at least one characteristic selected from the group of characteristics including the temperature of the specified solution, the level of hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for the height of the upper level of the mortar resident in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank, the mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank, the density of the solution extracted from the specified receiving vessel, the electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, also includes raspy�to the amount of individual parts of fresh water on top of the specified solid fertilizers for the dissolution of the relevant parts of the specified solid fertilizers, and when these separate parts of fresh water is very small compared with the specified preset number.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, also includes the interim storage of these extracted parts of the solution in the intermediate collection tank.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the said extraction is carried out by pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, in which the specified dimension of the specified hydrostatic pressure by measuring the level of air pressure pushing on one end of the measuring tube, immersed in the indicated aqueous solution, and wherein the said measurement is carried out at the stage where you set the level to the specified aqueous solution contained in the tube.

Ultimately, the aim of the present invention is to provide a method in accordance with the above description, wherein the specified level of the aqueous solution contained in said tube equal to the specified pre-determined� threshold value.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the solids inside the tank (or, alternatively, inside of the receiving vessel) chemically reacts with the liquid and is dissolved as a result of the chemical reaction.

In accordance with another implementation of the present invention, the reservoir (or, alternatively, a receiving tank) communicates with the atmospheric air. In accordance with other implementations, the specified tank with perforation (or, alternatively, a receiving tank with perforation) works as a filter, so that the liquid is injected (either permanently or boot portions) in the specified tank with perforation (or, alternatively, a receiving tank with perforation), and either (i) enters into a chemical reaction, or (ii) dissolve the solids in the tank. Once the solid is dissolved, it is collected from the bottom of the vessel or the receiving vessel). In the above description with illustrative and descriptive purpose, the disclosed variants of implementation of the present invention, including the preferred implementation. They are not exhaustive and do not limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Possible obvious modifications or changes to the foregoing information. Implementations were chosen and described in order to present n�the most complete illustration of the invention and its practical application, and also to let the experts in this field to use the invention in various implementations and with various modifications in accordance with a specific application. All such modifications and changes are included in the scope of the invention limited by the appended claims of the invention, if they are interpreted in accordance with the volume which they clearly, legally and equitably vested.

1. The dispenser for dispensing of solutions containing
a. at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter;
b. at least one supply pipe which communicates with said reservoir and which is made with the possibility of introducing a quantity or volume L of a stream of liquid in the said tank;
in this part P of the said mass of solids, or at least partially dissolved or completely dissolved in said liquid, thereby obtaining the specified solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the specified tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid substance; but the positive part is determined by subtracting P from M.

2. The dispenser according to claim 1, which additionally includes means continuously measure at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar R�the President in the specified tank and deducing the concentration of the specified solid substance in a given solution.

3. The dispenser according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the following is true: (a) the fluid stream is introduced either continuously or boot portions; (b) the specified amount or volume L of liquid is either less or more M; (C) the said spout further includes at least one control means adapted to display at least one characteristic of a specified solution; (d) the reading means can be selected from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices; (e) the specified characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution; and any combination of these provisions.

4. The dispenser according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the following is true: (a) the dispenser further includes at least one exhaust manifold, configured to extract at least part of the solution; (b) the specified solid substance is in the form selected from the group including powder, granules�rovnou form, or any combination of these forms; (C) the said liquid is selected from the group including water or any liquid solvent selected from a hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobic solvents, organic solvents; inorganic solvents, or any combination of these substances; (d) the specified solid mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of suspension; (e) M is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons; (f) R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons; and any combination of these provisions.

5. The dispenser according to claim 1, further comprising at least one element selected from the group including (a) means, arranged to input at least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the dissolved substance; (b) reading means is capable of indicating and maintaining the amount of said solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold; (C) at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank; (d) at least one controller adapted to verify �a correct dosing of the specified fluid flow, introduced into the said vessel; (e) at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level; (f) at least one level indicator, which is a float, made with the possibility of maintaining the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level; or any combination of these elements.

6. The dispenser according to claim 5, wherein said fluid stream is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the tank.

7. The dispenser according to claim 5, wherein said predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

8. The dispenser according to claim 1, wherein the reservoir communicates with the atmospheric air.

9. The dispenser according to claim 5, wherein at least part of the specified wall of the exhaust pipe is made of perforated.

10. The dispenser according to claim 5, further comprising a filter configured to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold.

11. The dispenser according to claim 1, wherein said container is made of material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials; and wherein said material �ispolnen with the possibility of preventing the development of corrosion inside the tank.

12. The dispenser according to claim 1, wherein at least one of the followings is true: (a) the dispenser includes a combination of at least two reservoirs, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of various solids; (b) the dispenser is made with the possibility of its use in the system of fertilizers and irrigation; (C) the specified solid substance is selected from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of such substances; in addition, the specified dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, for food industry (e.g. in the beverage industry), in the production of textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or in any combination of the above sectors; (d) the dispenser also includes an intermediate holding tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution; and any combination of these provisions.

13. The dispenser according to claim 4, wherein said exhaust pipe has a design of a siphon.

14. The dispenser system for fertilizers and irrigation, having a receiving cut�rvoir, design and scheme which allows you to take and store a lot of solid fertilizers, wherein said dispenser comprises: at least one receiving tank; wherein in the specified tank is accepted, stored and contains a mass M of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount; a supply pipe connected to the pipeline supplying fresh water to supply the tank discontinuous specified portions of fresh water,
in this part P of the said mass of solid fertilizers or at least partially dissolved or completely dissolved in said water thereby obtaining the specified solution of the specified fertilizer at the specified receiving tank; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the specified tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid fertilizers, and the positive part is determined by subtracting R from M, and
the said dispenser further includes:
exhaust pipe for extracting the discontinuous portions of the specified solution from the specified receiving tank, and at least one measuring means for monitoring at least one characteristic associated with the specified part of the solution;
wherein said at least one characteristic is selected from the group including the temperature specified R�of the target; the level of hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for the height of the upper level of the mortar resident in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank; mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; density part of the solution extracted from the specified receiving tank; electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

15. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 14, wherein at least one of the following is true: (a) the reservoir communicates with the atmospheric air; (b) the exhaust pipe has a design of siphon; (C) the specified fresh water entered the boot portions; (d) solid fertilizer is in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms; (e) the solid fertilizer is kept moist or in the form of a slurry; (f) the specified input of fresh water is synchronized with the specified part of the solution extracted from the specified receiving vessel; and any combination of these provisions.

16. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation p� p. 14, which also includes at least one element selected from the group including (a) intermediate collection tank, which communicates with the atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted portions of the solution; (b) measuring tube, air pump, pressure sensor, and wherein one end of the specified measuring tube placed close to the bottom of the receiving vessel and the other end of the specified measuring tube is pointing up, to the top of the specified receiving tank; (C) means, arranged to input at least one solvent; said at least one solvent, made with the possibility of leaching of the excess quantity of the dissolved substance; (d) reading means is capable of indicating and maintaining the amount of said solution in the specified receiving tank above a predetermined threshold value; and any combination of these provisions.

17. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 16, wherein said predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

18. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 14, wherein at least one of the following is correct (a) part of the wall of the discharge tube is made �entreranno; (b) the dispenser includes a combination of at least two receiving tanks, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of different solid substances; and any combination of these provisions.

19. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 16, which further includes at least one element selected from the group including (a) a filter configured to prevent the ingress of granules or solids in the specified exhaust manifold; (b) at least one edge flange, is arranged to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the specified receiving vessel; and any combination of these provisions.

20. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 16, wherein said receiving tank is made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of these materials; in which the specified material is arranged to prevent the development of corrosion within said receiving tank.

21. The dispenser system for fertilizer and irrigation according to claim 14, which further includes at least one element selected from the group including (a) at least one controller, made with vozmozhnostikompromissa proper dispensing of the specified fluid flow, introduced into the said vessel; (b) at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid specified in the receiving tank at a predetermined level; (C) at least one level indicator, which is a float, made with the possibility of maintaining the amount of liquid specified in the receiving tank at a predetermined level; and any combination of these provisions.

22. Method of dosing solution, either partially or fully dissolved solids, comprising the following steps:
and. receive:
(i) at least one reservoir; wherein said reservoir with a mass M of solid matter; and
ii) at least one inlet pipeline;
b. placement in the specified tank mass M of solid matter;
c. providing a message to at least one of the supply lines with at least one of the reservoirs;
d. the introduction of the quantity or volume L of a stream of liquid in the said tank with the gradual dissolution of part P of the said mass of solids in said liquid and for producing said solution; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the specified tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solids, as indicated by�itelna part is determined by subtracting P from M.

23. A method according to claim 22, whereby at least one of the following is true: (a) the dispenser is made with the possibility of its use in the system of fertilizers and irrigation; (b) the specified step to enter the fluid flow either continuously or boot portions; (C) the specified amount or volume L of liquid or less than M or greater than M; and any combination of these provisions.

24. A method according to claim 22, further comprising at least one step chosen from the group including (a) periodically measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident is in a specified vessel; (b) deducing the level of concentration of the specified substance in the specified mortar resident in a specified vessel; (C) the choice of these controls from the group including a mass flow meter, electrical conductive sensor, level indicator such as a float switch, temperature sensor, or any combination of these devices; (d) the choice of the specified characteristics of the group including the temperature of the specified solution, hydrostatic pressure, mass or density part of the solution extracted from the tank, the density, the electrical conductivity of the specified solution; and any combination of these on�of ojeni; (e) ensuring that this dispenser at least one outlet conduit adapted to retrieve at least part of the solution; and any combination of these provisions.

25. A method according to claim 22, further comprising the steps (a) to ensure the specified dispenser by at least one sensing means; and (b) indicating at least one characteristic of a specified solution.

26. A method according to claim 22, further comprising at least one step chosen from the group including: (a) providing a solid substance in the form selected from the group including powder, granular form or any combination of these forms; (b) selection of a specified fluid from the group comprising hydrophobic, easily absorbing water solvents, lipophilic solvents, lipophobia solvents, organic solvents, inorganic solvents, or any combination of these compounds; and any combination of these substances.

27. A method according to claim 22, whereby at least one of the following is true: (a) the mass m of the solid is maintained in a wet state or in the form of a slurry; (b) M is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons; R is in the range from micrograms to several hundred tons; (C) the introduction by IU�Isha least one solvent; said at least one solvent is capable of flushing the excess quantity of the dissolved substance; (d) synchronization of the specified fluid flow with a specified part of the solution extracted from the tank; (e) indication and maintaining an amount of said solution in the specified tank is above a predetermined threshold value; and any combination of these provisions.

28. A method according to claim 27, whereby a specified predetermined threshold value is at least several millimeters.

29. A method according to claim 22, further comprising at least one step selected from the group including: (a) providing communication between said reservoir and ambient air; (b) providing perforations at least part of the specified wall outlet line; (C) preventing the spread of granules or solids in the specified exhaust pipe with a filter; (d) ensuring that this dispenser with at least one edge flange configured to prevent leakage of the specified fluid from the tank; (e) ensuring the tank, made of a material selected from the group including plastic resin, polypropylene, metal, stainless steel, or any combination of the decree�materials; (f) preventing the development of corrosion inside the tank; and any combination of these provisions.

30. A method according to claim 22, further comprising at least one step: (a) to ensure the specified dispenser with at least one controller adapted to verify the correct dosing of the specified fluid flow introduced into the said vessel; (b) ensuring that this dispenser with at least one level indicator adapted to maintain the amount of liquid in a given tank at a predetermined level; (C) ensuring that this dispenser with a combination of at least two reservoirs, each of which includes substantially different solid matter or a mixture of various solids; (d) selecting the specified solid substance from the group including fertilizers, pesticides, chemicals, minerals, salts, or any combination of such substances; in addition, the dispenser is used in at least one of the selected sectors: processing industry, chemical industry, manufacturing industry pesticides industry disinfection, food processing, textiles, cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceutical industry or in any combination of the above sectors, or any combination of UK�related elements; (e) ensuring that this spout with the intermediate reservoir tank communicating with atmospheric air, for intermediate storage of the above extracted part of the solution; (f) ensuring that this outlet line, having a design of the siphon; and any combination of these properties.

31. A method according to claim 22, also comprising at least one step selected from the group including: (a) atomization of the individual parts of the specified fluid to the top of the specified solids to dissolve the relevant parts of the specified solids, and in which the specified individual of the fluid is very small; (b) extraction of the indicated solution using a means selected from the pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods; (C) measuring the hydrostatic pressure by measuring the pressure level of the air compressed in the measuring tube, one end of which is immersed in said solution, and wherein the said measurement is made at the stage where you set the level to the specified solution contained in said tube; (d) introduction to the specified tank additional amount of said solids; (e) repeating the step for the introduction to the specified tank additional amount of said solid in�society; and any combination of these steps.

32. A method of dispensing an aqueous solution of a solid fertilizer, said method includes the following steps:
a. providing at least one receiving tank; wherein said receiving tank contains a mass M of solid fertilizer in a predetermined amount;
b. the gradual dissolution of part of the District specified solid fertilizers in the specified receiving tank when duplicate filing specified in the receiving tank separate parts of fresh water, thereby obtaining a solution of the specified fertilizer; wherein R is much smaller than M, so that the specified tank constantly contains a positive portion of the specified solid fertilizers, and the positive part is determined by subtracting R from M;
c. repeating measuring the level of at least one characteristic associated with the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, and obtaining the concentration level specified fertilizer at the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, when measured using the specified level, and
d. repeated extraction of this quantity and concentration of the receiving tank, and wherein said dispenser includes exhaust manifold and inlet pipelines�, and wherein the said extraction is performed using the exhaust pipe, the orifice of which is located above the bottom of the tank, and the supply is carried out using the inlet pipeline, designed to bring fresh water in the said tank, so that the water level of the specified mortar resident within this receiving tank, not falls below a predetermined threshold level, and wherein said at least one characteristic selected from the group of characteristics including the temperature of the specified solution, the level of hydrostatic pressure, measured near the opening of the specified outlet line for the height of the upper level of the mortar resident located in the receiving tank above the bottom of the receiving tank, the mass parts of a solution extracted from the specified receiving tank, the density of the solution extracted from the specified receiving vessel, the electrical conductivity of water for irrigation after mixing with the said extracted part of the solution, and any combination of these characteristics.

33. A method according to claim 32, further comprising at least one step selected from the group including: (a) atomization of the individual parts shown� of fresh water on top of the specified solid fertilizers for
dissolution of the relevant parts of the specified solid fertilizers, and when
which the specified individual of the fresh water is very small compared with the specified preset number; (b) an intermediate storage of the specified recoverable part of the solution in the intermediate collection tank; (C) the execution of the specified dimension of the specified hydrostatic pressure by measuring the pressure level of the air compressed in the measuring tube, one end of which is immersed in the indicated aqueous solution, and wherein the said measurement is made at the stage where you set the level to the specified aqueous solution contained in said tube; and any combination of these steps.

34. A method according to claim 32, whereby at least one of the following is true: (a) the extraction is performed using a pump, gravity transport or any combination of these methods; (b) the specified level of the aqueous solution contained in said tube equal to the specified pre-defined threshold value; and any combination of these provisions.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: pumping system includes tower installed at water intake point and containing inner part and water-containing part located on it, outlet pipeline connecting water-containing part and the tank located on the shore and suction pipeline interconnected with inner part and passing from lower section of tower to water intake point and having the upward bent end with safety casing, and pumping unit installed in the tower. The unit pumps the water entering the inner part through suction pipeline to water-bearing part. The unit includes rotating shaft vertically installed in tower; rotor including screw pump, centrifugal pump located on it and rotor drive installed in the tower. Screw pump has inner housing with flotation cavity installed so that it can slide along the shaft on support bearing, and outer housing enveloping the inner housing and separated from it with the specified distance, and many blades installed between inner housing and outer housing and forming spiral pump channel. Centrifugal pump discharges in radial manner the water pumped with screw pump.

EFFECT: higher water pumping efficiency.

6 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, namely, to equipment of passenger cars. Railway passenger car water tank comprises housing 1 whereto filter 2 to remove solid particles and disinfection flow chamber 20 are connected. Inlet branch pipe of chamber 20 is connected via pipeline with last section of housing 13 while outlet branch pipe is connected with housing first section 12 whereon pump 23 is arranged. Housing is provided with initial water inlet branch pipe 3, disinfected water inlet branch pipe 4 and outlet 5 communicated with filter. Housing inner space is divided by some inclined perforated partitions 6 into compartments 7 elongated horizontally. Each of said partition is inclined toward perforations 8. Inner space of each compartment 7 is divided by plates 11 into sections. Partitions 6 and plates 11, and inner layer of housing walls and bottom are made from material with bactericidal properties.

EFFECT: higher quality of water, reduced area occupied by tank.

5 cl, 4 dwg

Reservoir // 2261308

FIELD: reservoirs adapted to store water or sewage water or ones used as septic means.

SUBSTANCE: low-pressure reservoir is formed of plastics and is submersed in ground. Reservoir has at least one orifice to supply liquid into reservoir. Inner reservoir surface is shaped so that inner surface mate surface defined by rotating closed curve which rotates at constant level so that reservoir height is less than height of spherical reservoir having the same volume.

EFFECT: increased reservoir strength, improved ability of reservoir transformation and installation in-situ, simplified structure thereof and elimination of deep pit excavation for underground reservoir installation.

20 cl, 14 dwg

Liquid vessel // 2254422

FIELD: containers, particularly vessels for containing pure water, liquefied gases, liquid fuel and other liquids.

SUBSTANCE: vessel comprises liquid inlet and outlet means, coaxial circulation support column having windows for liquid pouring from the vessel into column. Column is immersed in vessel bottom and defines a pit for pouring liquid out of the vessel. The windows are located in staggered order along the full column height and formed on outermost column side relative water inlet area of the vessel. Areas of window arrangement and number of windows are selected to prevent dead space forming in the vessel during water pouring out.

EFFECT: prevention of dead space forming in the vessel.

9 dwg

The invention relates to the field of water to automatically drain the fluid in the piping to protect the tower from freezing water in it, preferably in boreholes agriculture

Tank water tank // 2199629
The invention relates to the collection, storage, distribution water and touches the tank for drinking water systems, agriculture and small enterprises in the conditions of temperate climate

The invention relates to the production of drinking water and can be used for treatment and conditioning of water and natural waters

The invention relates to the production of drinking water

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a transport container and can be used for transportation and storage of bulk materials, particularly sized coal or fuel briquettes. In a container for bulk cargo, comprising a rectangular housing with a bottom, side walls and a lid pivotally mounted, the supports located under the bottom and the elements for strapping placed on the walls of the housing, the side wall at the side of unloading is made of composite plates, at that one horizontal part of the plate is formed with a curved face over the entire length with the ability of sealing connection to the back side of the other plate, and the vertical faces of the plates are made with thickening along the entire face with the ability of sliding in the curved grooves, in addition, the side wall at the part of unloading in its lower part is provided with fold-out stops pivotally attached on one side on the reinforcement ribs of the adjacent side walls, and on the other side pivotally connected to the rods with the ability of their movement in the guides made on the outer side of the reinforcement ribs of the adjacent side walls, adjoining in the transport position to them, and when unloading the container forming an angle of 90° to the side wall, at that the lid is made composite of two plates, one of which is formed removable at the unloading part, and sealingly connected to each other, like the plates of the side wall. The utmost lid plate during unloading of the container may be removable, for its installation in the slots of the stops, to form a step. The side surface of the removable plate of the lid from the side of unloading is equal to or less than the length of the fold-out stops. The utmost removable plate of the lid is provided with a locking mechanism. Tractions of the fold-out stops in the upper part of the guides are provided with a lock. The slots of the fold-out stops and the slots on the reinforcement ribs of the side walls are arranged towards each other with the ability of entering of the plate into them.

EFFECT: simplicity of design and ease of batch unloading, for example, sized coal, briquettes, pellets by different consumers with cargo protection against unauthorised selection.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: container for bulk cargo comprises a rectangular housing comprising a composite bottom, a base, the rear, side and front walls. On the inner surface of the rear wall opposite the front wall with a door, there are vertical guides. The brackets with rollers are mounted in the vertical guides with the ability to move. The composite bottom comprises a hollow flat parallelepiped spring-loaded against the base of the container housing, and a flat plate, the lower end of which is mounted by hinges at the level of the door. The upper end of a flat plate is inserted with the ability of movement under the action of gravity force of bulk cargo into the open end of the hollow flat parallelepiped, the closed end of which is fixed to the brackets with rollers. The flat hollow parallelepiped interacts with compression springs so that when the container is loaded in the beginning of unloading the composite bottom takes horizontal position and at the end of unloading it is tilted in the direction of the door. The container is additionally provided with two discharge augers with the right and left helical windings respectively, mounted coaxially on the shaft which is kinematically connected to the drive. The shaft is mounted in the short and long supports, mounted respectively in the brackets fixed on the flat plate at the level of the door. On one of the side walls of the container housing the arcuate cut-out is made through which the long support is displaced outside the housing with the ability of angular displacement, connected by the flange to the drive housing.

EFFECT: container made according to the invention enables to reduce labour costs for unloading of bulk materials from it.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to handling of sorbent powders. Proposed conveyor consists of a cistern made from antirust material fixed in stiff carcass and equipped with hatches with covers. Said cistern accommodates air feed circuit (16), hot water feed circuit (17) and water wash system (18) for preparation of sorbent powder for further application. Dust control system (21) is arranged directly under unloading hatches for water spraying to produce anti-dust curtain. Pulp is discharged from container by water feed via pipe into ejector.

EFFECT: expanded performances, higher quality of sorbent powders, lower labour input.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed tub comprises body 2 with semicircular bottom 2 rigidly mounted on frame 1. Steel sheet 6 is hinged along body length with minimum clearance relative to body face walls to replicate body cross-section profile and to cover body portion. Sheet linear parameters to define hinge position at body side are set as follows: sheet length l from hinge to its bottom edge equals width b of body inner part while width from sheet horizontal projection makes c = 0.76b. Sheet bottom edge faces the side opposite tub rotation direction in unloading in tipper.

EFFECT: efficient body emptying.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transportation and unloading thick rheological fluids and may be used, for example, for draining and filling of thick oil products, e.g. black oil, dead oil, etc. Proposed device comprises jigger connected with electrical generator arranged at drain tank with thick fluid and provided with drain tube made at its bottom. It comprises also acoustic radiator with generator connected to its input and two supports rigidly secured outside drain tank bottom part. Said acoustic radiator is rigidly secured via connection sleeve to drain tube while jigger is arranged between drain tank supports and rigidly jointed via said supports to drain tank bottom. Acoustic vibrations allow draining dark oil at 35°C at the same rate that is possible at 60°C (recommended M100 dark oil temperature in draining from railway barrels), that is, reducing draining temperature by 25°C.

EFFECT: decreased time of filing and draining.

Bin arrangement // 2458837

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to unloading of loose materials from bins with eliminated chocking-up. Proposed device comprises bin 1 and arch breaker with suspension 2, vibrator and solid rod 4 arranged along bin axis and furnished with material splitter made up of vanes 5, 6 extended along rod axis relative to each other. Vibrator top part is jointed with suspension lower end while its lower part if jointed with rod top end. Vanes 5, 6 are secured on rod lower part and inclined to its axis. Every said vane represents a plate rigidly secured on rod 4 with inclination β=(90°-φ) to rod axis, where φ is material friction slope. For poor-loose materials or at larger volumes of bin 1, arch breaker may be provided with four suspensions with side rods 7 furnished with material splitters made up of vanes 5, 6 and extra piezoelectric vibrators 3 arranged between side rods 7 and suspensions 2. Note here that length of said side rods is smaller than that of rod 4. Suspensions 2 with side rods 7 are secured to allow horizontal displacement and locking on support 8. Aforesaid suspensions 2 are made up of rings 9.

EFFECT: increased unloading speed, ruled out arch formartion, possibility of conversion.

12 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport, distribution of fluids.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to method of heating and discharge of viscous and congealed products from container and device to this end. Proposed method consists in extracting cold product from container bottom, heating said product in heat exchanger and feeding heated product to several points of said container on of which is located at inlet of channel for extraction of cold product into heating system, feeding heated air into said point at flow rate that allows required fluidity for pumping it in circulation circuit. Note here that said flow rate is set depending upon pump inlet pressure or product temperature upstream of heat exchanger, while rest heated product is fed when all product in said container is heated. Now, heating I s cutoff and all product is drained from container. In heating, product extracted from container is partially discharged when heated product layer thickness above cold product is sufficient for heating product residues on container walls. Invention covers also device to this end.

EFFECT: reduced time of heating and draining.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas production.

SUBSTANCE: process of taking out viscous or fragile substance from tank, consists of that mass of unloading substance is shifted along a tank, filling in space in cargo unit, formed volume of unloading substance separate of total mass, the take away separated part from tank.

EFFECT: power consumption decrease.

30 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: hopper comprises drive with axis O-O (not indicated), cylindrical body 1, flat bottom 2, in which at least one hatch 3 is arranged for unloading of loose materials. Hopper also comprises the following components arranged in lower part of body 1 false bottom 4, differential mechanism 5, radial screws 6, gate valve 7 and bottom activator, which comprises lower 8 and upper 9 radial vanes joined to drive. Between vanes 8 and 9 there is false bottom arranged, having central axial hole 10 and window 11 in the form of hole displaced from O-O axis and intended for passage of loose material down. Besides specified window 11 is arranged with the possibility of controller coverage of its area by gate valve 7. Differential mechanism 5 is made in the form of body 12, in which master gear 13 is horizontally installed, together with vertically installed gear-satellites 14, which are kinematically connected to mastee gear 13. Moreover, body 12 of differential mechanism is installed in axial hole 10, so that more than half of body is located higher than the false bottom 4, and master gear 13 is connected to drive. Besides radial screws 6 are arranged above upper radial vanes 9 of bottom activator and are installed in tails of gear satellites 14.

EFFECT: improved reliability and reduced power consumption in process of hopper operation.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bins for badly loosening materials. A bin device comprises a bin case with a pyramidal narrowing part where movable outflow agitators are set and vibrated specifically from vibrogear. The agitators are made as a flat sheet and are fitted with support elastic elements in the form of flat spring plates or rubber-metal units. The agitator width is the same along the length and the element is mounted in the corner junction of the bin narrowing part. The agitator can be mounted both in one corner and in several corners.

EFFECT: material choking-up is excluded due to such agitator design.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical industry, namely to a method for preparing a medicinal product possessing choleretic activity. The medicinal product possessing choleretic activity and prepared by extracting an elevated part of Lomatogonium carinthiacum in 96% ethanol twice at room temperature, them in 40% ethanol with an extractant added in an amount equal to a discharged one, twice; the filtered aqueous-alcoholic extracts are combined; the extraction cake is extracted in purified water; the aqueous extract is filtered; the aqueous residues of the aqueous-alcoholic extracts are combined with the aqueous extract, concentrated, dried in a vacuum drying cabinet to produce the dry extract in the certain environment.

EFFECT: medicinal product prepared as described above possesses the evident choleretic activity.

11 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of obtaining 7-hydroxyroyleanon, possessing antimicrobial action. said method includes extraction of crushed roots of salvia officinalis with 96% ethyl alcohol with further extract evaporation, processing with water, alcohol distillation and processing with hydrophobic solvent or extraction of said raw material with chloroform with further extract processing with water and evaporation; after which target product is extracted from organic phase by transfer into water-soluble phenolates, with processing with sodium hydroxide water solution; alkali solution is washed with chloroform; acidified with hydrochloric or sulphuric acid; obtained sediment is filtered; dried and crushed.

EFFECT: invention is characterised by improved process manufacturability and provides obtaining individual substance with higher antimicrobial activity than previously extracted royleanon derivatives from salvia officinalis.

2 tbl, 6 ex

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