Portable illumination device
SUBSTANCE: illumination device comprises a metal element 1, light-emitting device 2, on-off switch 3, low-voltage source 4 (accumulator-based), resistor 5, the first and second diodes 6, 7. An anode of the first diode 6 and a cathode of the second diode 7 are jointed and connected to the metal element 1. The metal element 1 should be rather made of tin with the surface area of at least 20 square centimetres. Additional charging of accumulators for a low-voltage source 4 feeding the light-emitting device 2 is made by energy generated during the rectification of electric oscillations occurring as a result of the heat motion of the metal element 1 particles.
EFFECT: development of a universal mobile portable and durable energy-saving illumination device with a long-term continuous operation.
5 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used in portable devices with continuous charging of batteries in low-voltage supply operation in the various fields of activity, including for personal, household, utility, utilities, industrial, military, medical use, as well as in places far from the external power grid (in the woods, fishing, etc.) in field conditions.
Known portable lighting device in the form of an electric lamp, comprising a housing, a light emitting device (led), a switching element, batteries, and running from an external network device to charge batteries and power sources are two serially connected to the battery by three volt size "A", "AA", "AAA" cells (see application for invention No. 2010103878, IPC F21S 9/00, publ. 10.08.2011).
A disadvantage of such devices is small an expiration date associated with the use of batteries and their replacement, and therefore the need to manufacture and delivery to the place of work. Stock of batteries is impractical to keep in connection with the expiry of their shelf life, caused irreversible chemical processes in batteries. Another disadvantage is the need�completely device charging his batteries working from the external network.
The closest to the proposed is a portable energy-saving lighting device, comprising a housing, a light emitting device in the form of a lamp, the ballast element, the first and second switching elements, batteries, ballast element and the resistor connected with one output to the output of the ballast element and the battery, and the other output to the terminal of the second switching element (see U.S. patent No. 4962347, IPC H02J 7/04, publ. 09.10.2011 G. - prototype).
The duration of continuous operation of the known device is not more than 4 hours in places remote from the external power grid. The batteries must be periodically removed to be recharged using electrical energy generated during operation of the power plants.
The technical result of the invention is to provide a compact portable universal mobile power-saving lighting device with high time (up to 8 hours of continuous operation without replacement of batteries and charging from the external power grid with minimal effort into making it.
The technical result is achieved in that the portable lighting device containing a light-emitting device, connected to one output with the first output of the switch, a source of low voltage supply and a resistor connected by one output to the first output of the low-voltage supply source, introduced metallic element, first and second diodes, the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode is combined and connected with a metal element, a cathode of the first diode is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch and the source of low voltage supply, the anode of the second diode connected to the first output of the low-voltage supply source and the second resistor output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device.
It is preferable to have a metal element of arbitrary shape, including in the form of a plate, the housing of the lighting device or its parts.
Preferably the metallic element to perform from steel sheets with a surface area of at least 20 square centimeters.
Advantageously the light emitting device to perform at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and the second output of the specified device.
Preferably, the source of low voltage supply to perform at least one rechargeable battery, the negative and positive terminals of which are respectively the first and second findings of the specified source.
Summary of the invention to provide a battery low-voltage source powering the light-emitting device, the energy resulting from the rectified�I electrical oscillations, resulting from thermal motion of particles of a metallic element in a portable lighting device.
When conducting patent research solutions are not found identical statements, and, therefore, the proposed solution meets the criterion of "novelty." The invention should not be explicitly known solutions, therefore, the proposed invention meets the criterion of "inventive step".
Fig.1 shows a diagram of a portable lighting device.
Fig.1 the following notation:
1 - metallic element;
2 - light-emitting device;
3 - switch;
4 - the source of low voltage supply (batteries);
5 - resistor;
6, the first diode;
7 is a second diode.
Portable energy-saving lighting device comprises a metal element 1, the light emitting device 2, connected to one output with the first output of the switch 3, the source 4 low-voltage supply, a resistor 5 connected by one output to the first output 4 low-voltage supply, first and second diodes 6, 7. The anode of the first diode 6 and the cathode of the second diode 7 are United and connected with the metal element 1. The cathode of the first diode 6 is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch 3 and the source 4 low-voltage supply. The anode of the second d�ode 7 is connected to the first output 4 low-voltage supply, and the resistor 5 a second output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device 2. As the first and second diodes 6, 7 you can use the rectified diodes high frequency diodes.
Preferably the metal element 1 to perform the tin with a surface area of not less than 20 square centimeters.
Light-emitting device 2 includes at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and second specified output device 2.
Source 4 low-voltage supply is one or more batteries. The negative and positive terminals of the battery are respectively the first and second findings of the specified power source 4. Metal element 1 may have any form, including in the form of a plate (as shown in Fig.1), the housing of the portable lighting device or a part thereof (Fig. not shown).
As the battery it is advisable to use penlight batteries company Cameliobn with a total voltage of 4.4 volts (4 pieces). As an energy source for recharging the low-voltage source 4 power used metallic element 1 is made, in particular in the form of a plate of roofing tin area of not less than 20 cm2and a thickness of 0.9 mm.
In all subjects, PR�conducting current at temperature significantly different from absolute zero, there are electromagnetic vibrations, noises. If these oscillations are rectified, the resulting energy is enough to recharge the batteries and work from these batteries diverse means of lighting from flashlights, lamps lighting etc. And such noises exist in the conductors everywhere (in the remote villages, in attics, in cellars and caves, etc.) that allows you to recharge the batteries and have an electric light in places where fuel delivery is difficult or impractical. As a result, you can charge the batteries regardless of the availability of fuel and electricity.
Portable energy saving device (Fig.1) lighting work as. Battery low-voltage source 4 power have consistently. Electrical energy from a specified source 4 is conducted to the light-emitting device 2 (e.g., LEDs) through the mechanism of the switch 3, located between the source 4 low-voltage and light-emitting device 2. Light-emitting device 2 shines, receiving energy from the source 4 low-voltage supply. The proposed device is capable of continuously Shine (brightly) due to the energy barrier from the potential difference of the first and second diodes 6 7 (existing in all the diodes), and at the expense of producing electrical energy from the rectification of thermal noise fluctuations of the metal element 1, in particular from sheet metal. Thermal noise exists in all conductors, including any metal. Real energy is stored in compact batteries company Chameleon.
The proposed device allows you to recharge the source 4 low-voltage supply (battery) energy from thermal noise existing in the metallic member 1. Fully charged batteries, the brightness of the lamp is reduced, but he shines a very long time. Restores brightness to the same level when you turn off the portable device for lighting and recharging batteries.
Prototypes of the proposed device is capable of continuously illuminate the hallway. Portable energy saving device design which used one led light, designed for a voltage of three volts, can work all night, since it consumes little power from batteries that are recharged by the energy of the noise. In it, the batteries can be recharged directly from the energy of thermal noise Explorer - metallic element 1, anywhere, anytime and for a long time (up to three years).
The scope of the proposed portable devices - any low-power consumers, which allows using them on�reamer, in portable portable energy-saving lamps, nightlights, flashlights, indicators, annunciators, lights clothes, toys, trinkets, jewelry, computers, mini-greenhouses, aquariums, continuously operating light equipment, airfields, garages, Parking lots, entrances, corridors, advertising signs, signs, pedestrian crossings, the interiors of vehicles. An important area of application areas where extremely undesirable any power outage, which can lead to death. Such zones may include zones of lighting equipment of airfields, where short outage lighting may lead to the death of the crews and passengers of aircraft, zones of emergency lighting in medical institutions, including hospitals, surgical wards, etc.
We offer portable energy-saving lighting device is characterized by universality, portability, compactness, ease of manufacture and need not be tied to a particular location or region, in sunlight or temperature difference.
1. Portable lighting device containing a light-emitting device, connected to one output with the first output of the switch, a source of low voltage supply and a resistor connected by one output to the first output of the source of the bottom�voltage power characterized in that the introduced metal element, the first and second diodes, the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode is combined and connected with a metal element, a cathode of the first diode is connected to the second conclusions, respectively, of the switch and the source of low voltage supply, the anode of the second diode connected to the first output of the low-voltage supply source and the second resistor output connected to the second output of the light-emitting device.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the metallic element has an arbitrary shape including a plate, the housing or a part thereof.
3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the metal element is made of steel sheets with a surface area of at least 20 cm2.
4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the light-emitting device comprises at least one light emitting diode, the anode and cathode of which are respectively the first and the second output of the specified device.
5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the low-voltage supply source represents at least one battery, the negative and positive terminals of which are respectively the first and second findings of this source.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Systems, networks, devices and methods for development, implementation and sharing of lighting circuits between controllable lighting networks are described. The network (101, 601, 701, 801, 808) according to the invention keeps the lighting circuits developed for network in the remote data storage (802). Other networks (301) address remote data storages for selection of existing circuits for implementation. Also the systems, networks, devices and methods for sharing by user choice between the controllable lighting networks are described. The networks according to the invention can get access to the shared remote data storage (112) for identification of user preferences at detection of a user by sensors in the network. In essence, individual lighting networks can use known user preferences or trained behaviours and environment conditions for more efficient adaptation to such behaviour, preferences or conditions.
EFFECT: improvement of efficient control of lighting.
15 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to lighting devices and control of the lighting devices operation. The result is attained due to the fact that each node out of a multitude of electric fixture nodes in the group of electric fixture nodes connected electrically may be used at a rated power level of a device; current consumption may be detected at least in the tested node of lighting fixtures out of the nodes of lighting fixtures; and the degree of reduced power for each node of lighting fixtures may be defined as a function of current consumption in the tested node of lighting fixtures.
EFFECT: invention ensures selective use of a group of lighting fixture nodes at a reduced power level in order to prevent an overload of the supply circuit and/or overload of one or more nodes of lighting fixtures in the group of the lighting fixture nodes.
21 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to lighting engineering. The lighting system (100) contains many lighting fixtures (101a-d). Each lighting fixture is made with possibility to transmit the identification code ID in the emitted light. To guarantee sufficient registration of the identification codes during selection using the selection device (120) the system additionally contains a control unit (130), made with possibility to identify any lighting fixture which rated excitation is equal pr below the minimum pre-set value or is equal or above the maximum pre-set value. The control unit sets (or commands to excitation system to set) the rated excitation value of such identified lighting fixture to the set value to achieve the appropriate set light output of the lighting fixture ensuring signal sufficient to transmit the identification code ID.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of the light sources control.
11 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting units. The light source 1 has LED module 2, at least, with one series circuit of light-emitting diodes. Terminals of the module 2 are connected to terminals of the power supply 5 which is stabilised by the output current. The power of the module 2 is greater than the power of the light source, and on separate light-emitting diodes the bridging pieces 6 are installed. Light-emitting diodes can be placed along the module surface and are connected in several series circuits, connected to each other in parallel, so that each light-emitting diode of one circuit has corresponding light-emitting diodes symmetric to it in other circuits, their similar terminals are unipotential and can be connected to each other. The light source power is regulated by switching on the ready LED module, without any changes in the light source.
EFFECT: simplification of regulation of the light source power.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlling the level of light in building illumination. The result is achieved due to that the level of light is controlled by a control system (2), which is operably linked to at least one interior sensor (3) for detecting the interior level of light; at least one electric light control device (4); at least one window drapery control device (5) for controlling the allowable level of daylight; and a processing unit (7) for processing given control values, which include a given value of the interior level of light. The level of electric light and the allowable level of daylight are controlled concurrently by the electric light control device and the window drapery control device.
EFFECT: providing an automatic power-saving system for controlling building illumination.
10 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting device (2) is made with possibility of light quality data inclusion in the light emitted by the lighting device. The light quality data relate to state of the lighting device (2), for example to end of its k service life. Light can be detected by the control device (3) being external for the lighting device (2). The control device (3) can further help in determination of the lighting device (2) state, as result the current maintenance operations for the lighting device (2) can be made. So, the servicing personnel can replace the lighting devices and/or light sources requiring maintenance according to state indication of each lighting device before any lighting device of the system will achieve its service life.
EFFECT: increased quality of the emitted light due to more accurate determination of the light source state.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: LED radiator circuit is added by N keys and the ring impulse generator having N outputs, each of which is connected to the control inputs of keys, and cathodes of each of N light-emitting diodes through power electrodes of keys are connected to the negative output pole of the driver. The use of keys 4.1, 4.2, … 4.N and the ring impulse generator 3 ensures reliable functioning of the offered LED radiator when using only one driver that will significantly reduce its cost.
EFFECT: improvement of reliability of LED radiator and reduction of its cost.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A lighting system for the intensification of the facility visual appearance comprises a lighting unit (5) in order to ensure intensifying lighting and a light register (1) intended for the registration of light reflection by the lighted facility. Reference lighting is mixed up (8) with intensifying lighting. Data on reflected light is filtered (9) in order to filter reflection data (1) from reference lighting. These data are used for the computation of intensified lighting in a processing unit (3).
EFFECT: high efficiency of the lighting system.
13 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Lighting installation (1) comprises input pins (2) for connection to alternating current (AC) network; a circuit (10) of light-emitting diodes (LED) connected in series with input pins; rectifier (30) with input pins (31, 32) connected in series with LED circuit, controllable voltage source (40) with input pins coupled to output pins of the rectifier; in-series assembly of at least one auxiliary LED (51) and the second ballast resistor (52) coupled to output pins of the controllable voltage source. Voltage source comprises in-series assembly of the fist controllable resistor (46) and the second resistor (47) coupled in parallel to input pins; controllable semiconductor stabilitron connected in parallel to output pins, which has input pin (48) connected at connection point between two resistors; at that positive output pin is connected to positive input pin while negative output pin is connected to negative input pin.
EFFECT: simplified regulation of the device in regard to luminous power and luminous efficiency shift to lower colour temperature.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The invention suggests coded light to ensure improved control over light sources and transmission of data using light sources. Assignment of identification frequency for light sources allows assignment of more unique frequencies, i.e. for unique identification of more light sources in the system. Accessible frequency band is divided into uneven frequency areas and frequency is selected from the set of evenly separated frequencies in uneven frequency areas. Operation of the receiver is based on successive principle and able to analyse higher harmonics of the received light signals. Light components are assessed by groups successively.
EFFECT: improving efficiency in appointment of light source identifiers in the lighting system.
15 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a light-emitting part, a support element, connected with the light-emitting part and a grip, having one end connected with the specified support element, and the opposite end having the grip part, in which the specified grip has mainly the cylindrical shape. The battery compartment is located in one of grip levers. The first and second levers are installed with displacement relative to each other and may be pressed to each other with a spring.
EFFECT: lighting device makes it possible to use it, leaving hands free for work or carrying.
20 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: portable lighting device (200) comprising a lighting unit (26), adapted for location in a protective container (12) and withdrawal from it, whenever necessary. The lighting unit (26) is connected to a hinged bracket (28) and is connected with a battery (25), which is also located in the container. The portable lighting device comprises fixation facilities (18) to support the lighting unit (26) in places that require lighting. A handle (14) is attached to the cover (20) of the device, and the cover has a disconnecting element (36) to disconnect a device of an extended stand (30, 32) from a protective container. It makes it possible for the device of the extended stand (30, 32), the cover (20), the hinged bracket (28) and the lighting unit (26) to extend upwards by means of activation of the disconnecting element (36) and lifting of the handle (14).
EFFECT: expanded area of application.
9 cl, 31 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an electromechanical power supply source, light-emitting instruments or an instrument, a switch and a facility to fix a lamp on a head, at the same time the lamp is also equipped with a switch or switches additional to the main one, movable control elements of which are directly, via connecting parts or transmission mechanisms, are connected to one of sides in a rigid frame, the opposite side of which, at least in the working position of the device, supports or embraces a lower jaw of a user and may be pressed down with this jaw.
EFFECT: invention provides for the possibility to control an additional switch or switches of the lamp by means of movements of the user's lower jaw.
14 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device contains a case, light-emitting devices, switches, cylindrical electrochemical power supplies; at least said light-emitting devices are completely or mainly integrated in a space of grooves between round walls of the loose-fitting power supplies and an external circuit of the enclosing jacklight case.
EFFECT: maintained small dimensions and high mechanical strength of the jacklight.
11 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: light instrument comprises light diodes and rigid profile of light diode holder, differing by the fact that rigid profile arranged in the form of part of sphere comprises zones, every of which is limited by circumferences, besides, light diodes are arranged on middle circumference of each zone on internal or external sides of surface, at the same time number of zones equals: where: αlimit - limit angle of light force curve, exceeding that light force takes the value equal to zero; Δα - angular size of zone, which is the constant value for each zone, and angular distance between centres of light diode bases with even arrangement equals , where ni - number of zone light diodes, which is defined as follows: ni ≅ kIαωα, where: Iα - value of light force selected from specified curve of light force; ωα - solid angle of this zone, k - proportion ratio.
EFFECT: improved quality of illumination by provision of required curve of light instrument light force.
SUBSTANCE: stand-alone lighter is made up of, at least, one light source connected by means of an element to control the energy release from an accumulator and photoelectric converter, therefore a stand-alone lighter is equipped with a sensitive element for the lighting control, connected photoelectric converter and connections for the control energy supply. A stand-alone lighter can be equipped with an extra voltage step down transformer according to the reactive resistance circuit, can be connected in parallel to a sensitive element for the lighting control, and also can be equipped with a matching element connected too the accumulator.
EFFECT: increasing work period: ensuring automatic switching on and off of a light source.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to searchlights.
SUBSTANCE: the searchlight with Frenel's lens with a regulated angle of aperture of coming out beam of light has preferably an elliptical reflector, a lamp and at least one Frenel's lens. The Frenel's lens has a diffuser, at that the diffuser is fulfilled of round form and is located only in the center of the Frenel's lens or the diffuser is fulfilled with changing degree of dispersion in such a way, that more powerfully dispersed fields are located in the middle of the diffuser and fields dispersed in a less degree are located along its edge. The Frenel's lens with the diffuser form a system of light displacement which changes the share of dispersed light in relation to the share of geometrically and optically projected light and thus changes correlation of light displacement as a function of installing a searchlight with Frenel's lens and also has a real point of focusing of a reflector removed from the reflector. The Frenel's lens is a flat-convex lens with chromatic corrected properties of projection. The covering of the Frenel's lens has a system of dielectric interference layers that changes the spectrum of light passing through it. An auxiliary reflector is installed between the Frenel's lens and the reflector.
EFFECT: provides high degree of effectiveness of obtaining of even coming out of light.
17 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: light engineering.
SUBSTANCE: searchlight comprises Fresnel lens with controlled aperture of output beam, elliptical reflector, lamp, and at least one Fresnel lens. The distance between the Fresnel lens and reflector can be changed depending on the distance between the lamp and reflector according to the controlled angle of the aperture of the searchlight beam. The Fresnel lens has circular diffusion screen mounted at the center of the lens. The Fresnel lens and the screen define a system for shifting light, which allows the fraction of the diffused light to be changed, and the Fresnel lens has real point of focusing that can be set in coincidence with the focusing point of the reflector. The reflector focusing point is located far from the reflector. The Fresnel lens represents a flat-convex collecting lens and has double lens with chromatic-corrected projection properties. The coating of the Fresnel lens has a system of dielectric interference layer that changes the spectrum of the light passing through it. The auxiliary reflector is interposed between the Fresnel lens and reflector.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
19 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering; mine lamps.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable lamps with built-in storage batteries, particularly, to explosionproof head lamps for use in mines. Proposed lamp has storage battery, light, electronic device connected to light and charging contacts connected to storage battery. Electronic device has electronic switch and electronic switch control circuit. One of charging contacts is connected to output of electronic switch. Lamp is furnished with timer connected to control circuit, circuit to determine presence of charging voltage across electronic switch output and circuit to measure voltage drop across electronic switch in process of battery charging whose inputs are connected to output of electronic switch, and outputs, to input of control circuit.
EFFECT: provision of control of battery charging according to chosen algorithm, increased service life of storage batteries.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: outdoor lighting fixtures for functioning in the dark.
SUBSTANCE: proposed outdoor lighting fixture supplied with power from solar battery and wind-electric power unit has vertical post and overhanging support lever that mounts single module. The latter accommodates oscillatory wind-electric power unit installed between solar energy powered lamps incorporating photoelectric panels, storage batteries, control units, and light-emitting diode strips and electrically connected to lamp batteries.
EFFECT: ability of off-line operation and environment lighting at night.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: lighting equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.
EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.
20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl