Method of automatic irrigation of plants
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying the controlled amount of irrigation fluid to the plants through the pump and the irrigation head moving from plant to plant by means of the actuator controlled by software device before the start of implementing the cycle of automatic irrigation the sprinkler head which is in the initial position, in the manual control mode, is supplied to each plant alternately and stops, in the memory of the software device the coordinates of the stop points are recorded, after which the irrigation head returns to the original position, having reached which the software device is taken off into the automatic mode of representation of the stop points.
EFFECT: providing the possibility of an independent change in irrigation places for each plant individually.
Method for automatic watering of plants relates to crop production and is designed for automatic selective watering of plants.
The known method for automatic watering of plants, implemented in the device for automatic watering of plants . The device comprises a container with the medium to grow at least two plants, which drop inlets with holes for supplying irrigation fluid to the plants, container for the spray fluid dispensing irrigation fluid, having an output tube with a tip, a displacement device of the handpiece and software device with an automatic control device of the flow of irrigation fluid and a displacement device of the handpiece according to prescribed programs. The actuator to move the tip is used to move from one of a suction nozzle to another at a distance equal to the distance between the suction nozzles. Irrigation method, implemented in the design of the facility allows for individual watering each plant with the desired flow rate of irrigation fluid.
The disadvantage of this method of irrigation is the lack of the ability to flexibly change the watering places whose location depends on the location of the receiving ports.
The closest the �technical essence and the achieved result is a method of automatic watering of plants implemented in the device for automatic watering of plants . A device for automatically watering plants comprising a container with a medium for growing plants, container for the spray fluid dispensing irrigation fluid, having an output tube with a tip, a displacement device tip having a mounting leg, and program the device with the possibility of automatic control of the dispensing irrigation fluid and a displacement device of the handpiece according to prescribed programs. The tip is set at an angle to the container with the medium for growing plants and is movable along its axis, and mounting legs of the device for moving the tip in an L-shape, with one of the tribes of the leg is located beneath the container with the medium for growing plants. Irrigation method, implemented in the design of the facility allows for individual watering each plant with the desired flow rate of irrigation fluid and manually change the location of the device movement of the tip relative to the capacity of the environment for the cultivation of the plants and the tip and, thus, to adjust the location of watering all the plants at the same time as they grow.
The disadvantage of this method of irrigation is that it does not pre�provided the possibility of independent change of the places of watering for each plant individually.
The problem solved by the invention is to ensure the possibility of independent change of the places of watering for each plant individually. The task is achieved in that in the method of automatic irrigation of plants comprising feeding a regulated amount of irrigation liquid to the plant via a pump and sprinkler heads, moving from plant to plant by using the managed software from a drive device, prior to the implementation of cycle automatic irrigation sprinkler head located in the initial position, is supplied by the actuator in manual control mode, to each plant in turn and stops. In-memory software device recorded the coordinates of the stopping places, after which it is returned by the actuator to its initial position, at which the software and the device is in automatic mode playback stopping places.
In the proposed method, it becomes possible flexible, independent changing of watering for each plant individually through the software settings of the device in the adjustment mode taking into account the required watering places and subsequent auto-play a predetermined law of motion of the sprinkler head. With the growth of plants or transplant them, i.e. when you change the ground floor�VA, you need to make a conversion software devices.
Fig.1 shows a diagram of the implementation of the method.
The method is carried out as follows. Supply irrigation fluid to the plant 1 is carried out from the tank 2 by the pump 3, hose 4 and sprinkler heads 5. The movement of the sprinkler head 5 from plant to plant by using the actuator. It consists of a carriage 6, guide 7, a belt transmission 8 and the stepping motor 9. The operation of the stepper motor 9 and the pump 3 controls software device 10. Prior to the implementation of cycle automatic irrigation sprinkler head 5, which in the initial position, is supplied, in the manual control mode, to each plant 1 turn and stops. In the memory of the programming device 10 are fixed locations are stopping sprinkler head and set the watering duration. Then spray head 5 is returned to its original position at which the programming device 10 is translated in automatic play mode stopping places. When the set start time watering sprinkler head 5 automatically makes the move from the initial state to each plant 1 alternately. Upon reaching the plants 1 she stops, turns on pump 3 at the time of the presumed races� " s irrigation duration, and irrigation fluid from the tank 2 through the tube 4 and the spray head 5 is supplied to the plant 1. After last watering plants sprinkler head 5 moves to the starting position.
The efficiency of the method was checked when automatic selective watering of ten plants planted at different distances from each other in the box in terms of size 200*700 mm. Software device containing a microcontroller (ATmega 328, which governed the operation of the stepper motor and pump according to the control program by means of two electromagnetic relays. Prior to the implementation of cycle automatic irrigation sprinkler head located in the initial position, summing up, in the manual control mode, to each of ten plants in turn and stopped. In-memory software device recorded the coordinates of the places you stop watering heads and wondered, use the keypad to program the device for the duration of watering each plant in seconds. It was for different plants range from 5 to 15 seconds. After which the sprinkler head is returned to its original position, at which the software device was transferred into auto play mode places the stop of the sprinkler heads and irrigation duration. When the set start time watering sprinkler head � automatic mode made the move from the initial state to each plant in turn. Upon reaching the plants she would stop, turn on the pump at the time established for this plant irrigation duration, irrigation fluid from the tank through a hose and sprinkler head was fed to the plant. After tenth irrigation plant watering head is moved to the initial position.
The sources taken into account
1. Patent for useful model RU 131279 U1.
2. Patent for useful model RU 134002 U1.
Method for automatic watering of plants, comprising feeding a regulated amount of irrigation liquid to the plant via a pump and sprinkler heads, moving from plant to plant by using the managed software from a drive device, wherein prior to the implementation of cycle automatic irrigation sprinkler head located in the initial position, is supplied in the manual control mode to each plant in turn and stops, in-memory software device recorded the coordinates of the stopping places, after which it returns to its original position, at which the software and the device is in automatic mode playback stopping places.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an air chamber (1), a tight vessel (3), installed below the level of water surface of a water supply source, an additional tight vessel (8), an air pipeline (4), which connects the chamber (1) with the upper part of the vessel (3), two mixers-batchers, the first (5(I)) of which is installed on the water surface of the power supply source, and the second (5(II)) and the connected end of an injection pipeline (7) are placed in the vessel (3), and supply (6) and lifting (9) pipelines. The first mixer-batcher (5(I)) and the lower part of the vessel (3) are connected with the pipeline (6). The second mixer-batcher (5(II)) and the lower part of the vessel (8) are connected with the pipeline (7). The lower end of the lifting pipeline (9) is introduced into the vessel (8) with installation of the cut above the cut of the pipeline (7). The pipeline (7) is equipped with an upright section (10) placed above the vessel (8). The chamber (1) is a hollow stiff or air-supported (inflated) item with low air permeability. The objective of the invention is hidden watering of decorative plants to due suction of a flow of alternating portions of water and air of low density at night time into a vessel (3) embedded into water or earth, where water and air are separated, spending one part of the air arriving to the vessel (3) for compensation of air leak via a thin shell of the chamber (1), conversion of the other part of air and water accumulated in the vessel (3) at day time into a flow of alternating portions of air and water of higher density, which is supplied into the watering point, and release of unused air portion into atmosphere upon completion of accumulated water drain, and the chamber (1) has the shape that performs the decorative function (statue, inflated figure, decorative stone).
EFFECT: expanded field of device application.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for irrigation driven by solar energy. The device comprises an air chamber and a water storage unit connecting by means of the pipeline, which is connected integrally to the sinker. In the source of water supply there is a water storage unit, a steep section of suction pipeline and U-shaped troughs of a number of drainage pipelines. The outlet end of the suction pipeline and the inlet ends of the drainage pipelines are put in the water storage unit, with the installation of inlets of drainage pipelines below the outlet of the suction pipeline.
EFFECT: technical result is in the root irrigation of plants grown on small land plots, located on an artificial floating means (floating island) or in containers that are installed on one or several levels above the surface of the pond, at that in the proposed device the friction parts are absent, it does not subject to clogging associated with deposits of salts and bacterial slime when taking water from the pond, it has simple design and is easy to operate.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for automatic watering of plants. The device for automatic watering comprises an air chamber (1) and the water storage unit (2) with the inlet end of the drain pipe (5) inserted in it and the outlet end of the suction pipe (4), a drain end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of free surface of the water source (12), the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water source. The air chamber and the water storage unit are spaced, the air chamber is connected with the upper part of the water storage unit through the pipe, in the water storage unit the opening (6) of the inlet end of the drain pipe is located below the opening (7) of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer part of the suction pipe is provided with water-air lock, which is a steep section (8), the outer part of the drain pipe is provided with a water-air lock which is a U-shaped bending (9). The air chamber can be made in the form of a decorative element; it can also comprise a thin-walled shell. The lower part of the steep section of the suction pipe can be located below the lower part of the U-shaped bending of the drain pipe.
EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.
EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of subsoil irrigation comprises a source of water, a storage tank (32) with a float control, a field (1) and sectional distributors (2), humidifiers (3) and a device for automatic water supply (4). The float control comprises a vertical distributor (20), inside which the spool (27) is mounted. The spool (27) is connected to the float chamber (32) fluidly connected by the tube (36) with the perforated tubes-storage units (37). The distributor (20) is provided with inlet and outlet holes overlapped by the flap of the spool (27). The spool (27) position change mechanism is made in the form of a rod rigidly mounted in the upper part, having free moving clamps (34, 35). In the mode of manual change in the spool (27) position the elevator (39) with a clamp (40) is moved to the desired height. The elevator (39) interacts with the rod with the moving clamps (34, 35).
EFFECT: simplified structure of the system, reduction of the material consumption, elimination of soil overmoisturising, water saving.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, and is intended for the use in water distribution in pressure irrigation systems. The water distributor comprises a distributing housing which is successively switched relative to the smooth surface of the housing, and which by a sealing device is adjacent to the mating surface of the housing. For water distribution the displacing means and the sealing device at the areas of movement with the stepwise movement promote the removal of the distributing housing from the mating surface of the housing.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at the reduction of wear in the area of the sealing device and the mating surface of the housing of the water distributor.
16 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: transport, distribution.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water distributor to be used for water supply for garden waste sprayers. Water distributor incorporates the fluid-pressure-activated stepwise water feed regulator. The latter allows stepwise switching to several angular increments (IW) and, hence, passage of inactive outlets (A5, A6) of said water distributor. Outlets (A3-A6) may be designated by the user as active or inactive. Stepwise switching device sets the distributor body to different preset step magnitudes, hence, to the other water discharge outlet. Different step magnitudes are set by variable stroke (D1-D5) of piston (KO) of stepwise regulator.
EFFECT: ruled pressure drop at active outlets, simplified servicing.
11 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for automatic watering plants comprises a container for irrigation liquid (1) with a device of the irrigation liquid supply (2) to several rows of plants, having an outlet hose (3) with the supplying nozzle (4), the drive (5) controlled by the software device (7) to move the nozzle (4) from one inlet spout (6) to another. The inlet spouts (6) located at each row of plants are connected to the distribution pipelines (8) with watering nozzles (9). The software device (7) controls automatically the process of watering plants according to the given programs.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of automatic watering of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation liquid.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying irrigation drinking water in the root module ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute and providing auto-correction of the pH value of the obtained substrate solution, as well as its saturation with nutrients containing the elements N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg and Fe. To ensure it with nutrients in the required amount, the continuous monitoring of the total concentration of the elements in the irrigation water is carried out before supplying to the root module. The irrigation drinking water before supplying to the root module is previously passed through a layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute the amount of which is selected so that before the end of the calculated period of operation the total concentration of the elements S, Ca, Mg and Fe in the irrigation water is within the range adequate for growing plants. At that in case of a decrease in the irrigation water after passing through the layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute of the total content of the elements N, P and K to the lower limit of the admissible range of concentrations, a concentrate is added to it, which is obtained by passing the water through the layer of granules of slow-acting fertiliser (SAF), the number of which is selected so that the elements N, P and K contained in it are enough to the end of the calculated period of operation. The system comprises a root module with the ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute for planting seeds or seedlings and the subsequent growing the plants, which is connected to the output of the pipeline of supply of irrigation water with the peristaltic pump mounted at the inlet. In addition the pipeline of supply of irrigation water after the peristaltic pump the concentrating cartridge filled with granular ion-saturated ion-exchange-soil-substitute, and the flow mixing chamber with a sensor of electrical conductivity of water and a stirrer placed in it are connected in series, the mixing chamber is equipped with its own closed loop water circuit, in which the pump and the concentrating cartridge with granular SAF are mounted in series. At that the system is provided with a controller electrically connected to the pumps, the stirrer and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water, and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water is included in the loop of the negative feedback of the controller.
EFFECT: inventions enable to improve the technology and manufacture of plant products in the space greenhouse under conditions of microgravity.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, mounted on trolleys with electric drive, unit of motion synchronisation with the course with a guide rope and a speed control unit of the machine motion. Along the irrigation channel a contact network is mounted on racks, which interacts with the current collector, which, through the telescopic mechanism is fixed to the trolley moving along the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The output of the current collector is connected to the input of the control panel, which output is connected to the input of the counter of electrical energy, which outputs are connected to the inputs of the microprocessor control unit and the frequency inverter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to a timer, a system of course stabilisation, a synchronisation system of trolleys in line, sensors of path, setter of irrigation rate, setter of length of irrigation site, water metre and a pressure gauge mounted on the pipeline, and the outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic shutter, frequency inverter, contactor, devices of trolley synchronising in line and the devices of stabilisation of the course of left and right wings, through a vacuum pump with a pump inlet, which outlet through the electric hydraulic shutter and the flow metre is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency inverter is supplied to the electric drive of the left and right-wing of the machine, and the contactor output is connected through the electric motor to the pump inlet. The signal obtained from the humidity gauges mounted on the irrigated area of the field, enters to the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite, the signal from the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite is transmitted to the input-output of the GLONASS-receiver which output through the unit of signal analysis is connected to the microprocessor control unit, which output is connected to the GLONASS-receiver. The input-output of the microprocessor control unit is electrically connected to a sensor screen, and the output of the frequency inverter is connected to the input of the contactor. The output of the signal analysis unit is connected to the inputs of the irrigation control unit, which outputs are at the extreme driving support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the course stabilisation and on the intermediate support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the trolley synchronisation in line, of both right and left wings of the machine.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of irrigation water, fertilisers, electricity, elimination of insufficient irrigation and excessive irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises spraying the agricultural crops with an initial crushing the solution flow of microelement fertilisers by the air flow and the subsequent drops electrocharge in corona electrostatic field. The liquid-air mixture is prepared at a distance from the hydraulic sprayer nozzles, then fed under pressure to hydraulic nozzles, at the output of which it is crushed and passes in the form of a torch with bubbles of air through the electrostatic field, where the mixture in the form of liquid-air drops is electrostatically charged, is additionally crushed thus increasing monodispersity, surface moisture of the fed plants, the number of free ions of nutrients of microellement fertilisers, which, precipitating on the surface of the agricultural crops, penetrate into the plant, improving its nutrition. The drop size, their crushing, monodispersity of drops and the amount of free ions is regulated by the pressure of microelement fertiliser solution from 0.2 to 0.3 MPa, the air pressure of 0.4 to 0.5 MPa, injected in the solution of fertilisers in the pumping mains, microelement fertiliser solution flow through one nozzle to 0.3 L/min, electrocharging of the sprayed liquid-air drops with the electrostatic voltage on the electrodes of 3 to 5 kV and a current of 10 mA.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the saturation of the solution mixture of fertiliser with air and to increase the monodispersity of the sprayed solution of microelement fertilisers.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used for land reclamation in the irrigation and humidification systems, water conservation measures, distribution of sewage and livestock waste in the system of irrigation from distribution lines. The device comprises a water intake structure, a distribution pipes, water distribution devices in the area of drainage from the distribution pipes, irrigation pipes and the differential between the inlet and outlet parts of the pipeline. The irrigation pipes are arranged sequentially along the length of the distribution pipes. The sections of the distribution pipes are equipped with a corrector of flow of open type with the inlet and outlet in the form of a fixed discharge elbow fitting. The elbow fitting is installed coaxially to the opening of the discharge inlet elbow fitting with the ability of horizontal rotation and interaction simultaneously with the discharge and irrigation pipes. The elbow fitting is made with the ability of releasable connection. The arch of the discharge pipe has an additional sprinkler.
EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of the system operation and the use of drained lands through efficiency and quality control of liquid fertiliser in the calculated moisture layer.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.
EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.
SUBSTANCE: automated check outlet conduit comprises a lock installed on a water-outlet hole on a horizontal axis of rotation, a control chamber with an elastic shell, communicated with reaches, a valve connected with a level sensor, limiters of the control range. The automated check water outlet is equipped with a stem for fixation of the range of discrete control within wide limits, having a movable float level sensor. The control chamber is equipped with an outlet nozzle, on which there is a magnet for valve fixation. At the same time limiters of the control range are made in the form of fixators, one of which is arranged in the upper part of the stem above the movable float level sensor, and the other ones are arranged above the outlet nozzle of the control chamber.
EFFECT: expanded control range and stabilisation of device operation under various heads.
FIELD: irrigation systems used for automatic watering of plants on restricted area plots.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulating vessel with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary vessel, two float valves, one of float valves being adapted for supplying of water into accumulating vessel and other float valve being adapted for cutting-off water supply. Valve floats are arranged in auxiliary vessel disposed below accumulating vessel bottom and connected by means of flexible pipes with hermetically sealed vessels provided with porous bottoms deepened into soil. When water is sucked through porous bottoms into soil, water level in auxiliary vessel is lowered and float valves are opened, with water being delivered into accumulating vessel through one of float valves. When predetermined water level is reached, valve for discharge opening is opened, water is supplied into low-pressure irrigation system and is further delivered through second float valve into auxiliary vessel. As a result, water level in auxiliary vessel is increased to cut-off water supply into accumulating vessel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.