Apparatus for beverages preparation with usage of capsules containing ingredients
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to beverages preparation apparatus containing a body (32) accommodating the first part (34) for reception of a capsule with ingredients and the second part (70) on the surface (91) whereof perforating projecting elements (90) turned towards the first part are positioned. The body has an aperture (76) allowing to insert the capsule with ingredients in the direction (Z) of introduction between the first and the second parts. The first and the second parts are designed so that to enable mutual relative movement along the longitudinal axis (X) perpendicular to the second part surface, between the two positions: the first position where the first and the second parts are drawn apart for introduction of the capsule with ingredients between them and the second position where the first and the second parts are drawn together for the contact of the capsule placed in the first part with the perforating projecting elements. The perforating projecting elements (90) are positioned on the second part surface relative to the aperture (76) so that when the capsule with ingredients is introduced, the possibility of the capsule detention in an undesirable position by the perforating projecting elements is excluded.
EFFECT: design improvement.
10 cl, 12 dwg
The invention relates to a device for preparation of beverages using capsules with ingredients, food containing ingredients or substances for preparing a beverage or in General, food products.
Known machines that use capsules with ingredients, for example, from document WO 2005/004683.
Fig.1A schematically shows an apparatus of this type, comprising a housing 10 enclosing a chamber 12 is designed for receiving the capsule 14 with the ingredients, and the vertical holder 16 of the capsule.
In the upper part of the housing has an opening 18 for the vertical insertion of the capsule with the ingredients into the machine.
The camera 12 can be moved along the longitudinal horizontal axis X between the two provisions. In the first position of this camera is located at a distance from the capsule holder and the capsule with the ingredients may be introduced from above between the capsule holder and Luggage.
In particular, the capsule with the ingredients is inserted through the opening and is directed in the Z-direction load due to lateral guide rails, not shown in Fig.1A. The capsule is held limiters located in the two rails, in an intermediate position between the camera and the holder.
In this intermediate position of the capsule 14 with ingredients held in a slightly inclined position in accordance�accordance with its center of gravity and is slightly above the Central vertical axis of the capsule holder.
Further horizontal movement of the camera in the direction of the holder, the capsule with the ingredients pushed for the passage of the following two constraints so that she was pressed against the capsule holder along its Central axis (a second position). During the reverse movement of the camera capsule falls under the action of gravity in the lower cumulative pan.
It should be noted that the capsule 14 with ingredients can be filled with ingredients, such as roast and ground coffee, and is closed by a closing element, such as breaking end cap 14a or membrane and/or filter wall.
A lateral protrusion 14b of the capsule is formed by the side wall and, accordingly, forms a flange, which is fixedly mounted closing element.
For speciality coffee breaking end cap or membrane needs to be broken, when the capsule with the ingredients will be in the aforementioned second position of the camera capsule and its holder.
An exemplary embodiment of the capsule holder is more specifically described in the document EP 0512470.
As described in this document and shown in Fig.1A and 1b, the capsule holder includes a plate 20 exposed on the surface of the embossed elements in the form of pyramids 22 and with holes for the withdrawal of the drink. The plate is placed in the seat 24 and can�t in it freely turn.
Each pyramid 22 has on its upper surface 22A four direct tearing of the edges, only two of whom 22b and 22C shown in cross section in Fig.1b. Breaking end cap of the capsule is pressed against the ribs under the pressure created inside the capsule, and breaks, resulting in the coffee beverage flows through the filtration apertures.
The applicant noticed that the capsule 14 with the ingredients in case of vertical loading through the upper passage 18 may rest against its flange 14b in pyramidal projecting elements 22, in particular, tearing of the edge data elements arranged horizontally (e.g., horizontal tearing edges 22b and 22C in Fig.1b).
This leads to jamming of the capsule with the ingredients in the wrong position, as shown in Fig.1A and 1b.
Most often, the capsule rests with the ingredients in pyramidal projecting elements that are in the bottom and in the middle of the plate, as schematically shown in Fig.1A.
When there is jamming and the camera is close to the holder during the contiguous stroke of the device, improper positioning of the capsule to crack, thus preventing complete closure of the device.
The applicant has corrected this deficiency by the use of camera capsule that moves is not completely horizontal. Slightly�I ramps placed on the trajectory of the camera capsule, capsule allows the ingredients to be linked to a camera in a higher position than before.
Such a higher gear reduces the risk of jamming that may happen because of the emphasis capsules pyramidal projecting elements.
However, this configuration leads to the fact that moving the camera, as well as the mechanism of the apparatus becomes more complex.
This raises the need to create a new machine that would not need to be sloping site to overcome the aforementioned problem of jamming.
Also there is a need for a simplified apparatus that resolves the above-mentioned problem of jamming.
In addition, a new apparatus in which the movable part, which or the first part containing the capsule with the ingredients, or second part having a punching function, moves along a rectilinear trajectory.
The present invention aims to fulfill at least one of the above requirements, and is directed to a device for preparing drinks according to paragraph 1 of formula.
Thus, the applicant has found that the risk of blocking of the capsule with the ingredients in the unwanted position in the apparatus of the perforating projecting members during the insertion of the ingredient to�paly in the device can be completely eliminated by appropriate arrangement of the perforating protruding elements relative to the aperture.
It should be noted that the aperture determines the direction of the introduction, which is essentially perpendicular to the flow cross section of the opening at its middle portion.
Proper layout perforating protruding elements on the surface depends on the shape and size of these elements and the free space between them. The free space between the perforating projecting elements may be reduced to prevent sticking of the capsule, by specifying the preferred orientation of this layout in the apparatus.
The risk of getting stuck, thus reducing simple way, as it is no longer necessary in complex organizations moving (motile) siteplease (siteplease) part (s) in the apparatus. Also, it becomes possible to simplify the structure of the apparatus.
It should be noted that the capsular device for preparing drinks according to the present invention ensures reliable handling of the capsule with a reduced risk of jamming with the introduction of the capsule and closing parts.
This is due to the fact that the introduction of the capsule with the ingredients in the machine is more reliable than known devices.
Preferably, the free space remaining on the surface between the perforating projecting elements is selected and/or oriented to reduce ri�stuck to the capsule with the ingredients in perforating the protruding elements at its introduction.
When the space is too large and are oriented perpendicular to the direction of introduction, it may cause a jam of the capsule with the ingredients.
Therefore, if this gap is to reduce, even if it still will be oriented perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the capsule, it is possible to reduce the probability of jamming the capsule with the ingredients.
If the free period on the surface between the perforating projecting elements remains fairly high, which may result in entrapment of the capsule in its location perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the capsule with the ingredients, the risk of jamming can be reduced due to the location of the gap at an angle to the insertion direction that is different from 90°.
Each of the perforating projecting elements has several perforating edges lying in a plane parallel to the surface of the second part, wherein perforating the perforating edges of the protruding elements, which are oriented towards the aperture, disposed at an angle to the direction of insertion of the capsule is less than 90°, when viewed in the plane in which lie the perforating edges.
Thus, the perforating edges appropriately oriented relative to the direction of insertion of the capsule so that the capsule with the ingredients can not Balk at �ti edges when putting it in the machine.
More specifically, the orientation angle of the punching edges less than 75°.
This value helps to further reduce the risk of jamming the capsule with the ingredients.
It should be noted that the layout of the elements may be in the form of a lattice, for example, a grid containing rows and columns at an angle of 90° to each other.
However, there can be provided and other forms of layout elements.
Mainly perforating projecting elements are truncated pyramid extending from the base, attached to the surface through the free end having a square surface bounded by four straight perforating edges.
As a result between the elements forming canals normally required for the withdrawal of liquid (e.g. beverage).
This form is suitable for breakout closing element of the capsule during operation of the apparatus for brewing beverages.
The second part includes a plate having a surface with exposed perforating elements and is able to rotate around the axis perpendicular to this surface, and wherein the apparatus contains means for mounting the surface in a predetermined angular position in which the layout of the perforating protruding elements completely eliminates the risk of capture of the capsule with the ingredients perforating projecting ele�teams during its introduction.
Such installation tools allow you to Orient the surface with perforating projecting elements in such a way that eliminates or at least reduces the risk of jamming the capsule with the ingredients.
These funds can be used in the case when the size of the free space between the perforating projecting elements is not suitable in any direction.
Thus, to prevent incorrect orientation of the surface, that is, when too much span is oriented perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the capsule, the surface is oriented differently so that the gap was no longer perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the capsule.
In addition, the installation means may allow a small rotation of the surface with respect to a given angular position.
This minor rotation (rotation by a small angle) allows you to place the same plates with perforating projecting members (punching plate) in a slightly different apparatus for the preparation of beverages.
Preferably, the plate is mounted on the support, and the installation means include male and female mating means on the support and the plate to prevent substantial rotation of the plate relative to a given angular position./p>
Such installation tools allow you to avoid too much rotation.
This is because the unwanted return of the plate in the position in which free perforating protruding elements span is oriented perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the capsule and is large enough to result in entrapment of the capsule.
The first or the second part which is movable relative to the other part, moves along a rectilinear trajectory along the longitudinal axis.
Thus, the movement of the moving parts of the apparatus is simpler than in the existing apparatus, in which the presence of an inclined platform.
Thus, infuser apparatus is arranged easier than in the known apparatuses, given the straightforwardness of its movement.
According to the first embodiment, the first portion of the apparatus, which takes the capsule with the ingredients, is movable, and the second part is in a fixed position.
However, in another embodiment, the first portion of the apparatus, which takes the capsule with the ingredients is in a fixed position, and the second part is movable relative to the first part.
Depending on the device type can be selected one or the other option.
Another object of izobreteny� is a set of apparatus for the preparation of beverages and capsules with ingredients, described in paragraph 13 of the claims.
Other objects and features of the invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig.1A and 1b schematically shows a jammed capsule with the ingredients at the time of its introduction in the known device;
- Fig.2-4 schematically shows the successive stages of operation of the device for preparing drinks according to the present invention, sectional view;
- Fig.5 shows the element enclosing the capsule shown in Fig.2, a top view;
- Fig.6 shows the housing 32, shown in Fig.2 to 4 are views in longitudinal section;
- Fig.7 schematically shows a portion of the punching plate 74 mounted in the second part 70, a perspective view;
- Fig.8 schematically shows a perforating plate of a known device for preparing drinks, front view;
- Fig.9 schematically shows a perforating plate, oriented according to the invention, a front view;
- Fig.10 shows the perforating plate with protrusions, rear view in perspective;
- Fig.11 shows combined with each other perforating plate and its support, rear view;
- Fig.12 shows a portion of the punching plate mounted on its support with the rotation lock, rear view in perspective.
As schematically shown in Fig.2-4, the apparatus 30 for the preparation of beverages with�holds the casing 32, which can hold multiple items.
The first part of the apparatus indicated by reference 34, is used for receiving the capsule with the ingredients.
Capsule 36 with ingredients, also called cartridge depicted in the drawings in the form of a container wall, in particular side wall 36A and the bottom wall 36b.
The side wall 36A on the end opposite the bottom wall, forming a hole that allows you to fill the container with ingredients.
This ingredient can be coffee, for example, roasted and ground.
However, in the container can be placed, and other ingredients such as substances or products or mixture of substances or products which are suitable for preparation of liquid food products by adding water.
Such other ingredients can be: tea, instant tea or soluble coffee, a mixture of ground and instant coffee, cocoa or products based on cocoa or chocolate, or foods with additives, including coffee, or soup, or food products which are prepared, for example, in the form of infusions.
From the side wall 36A of the capsule laterally and outward acts flange 36C surrounding the hole of the capsule.
Hole the capsule is closed by a closing element 36d. Closing element rests on the flange 36C and attached, hermetically closing the filled capsule.
For example, Zach�yuushi element is a frangible end cap or diaphragm, breaks in the extraction process that will be described below.
Alternatively, the cover element can be a filter wall or filter.
In addition, the closing element can be a combination of some of the elements described above (for example, breaking the end cap and the filter wall near).
As shown in the drawings, the capsule with the ingredients has a generally frustoconical shape. However can be used and other less desirable shape, for example cylindrical shape.
The first portion 34 includes a piston portion 38 of the element 40, accommodating the capsule and having a recess 42 to accommodate piston portion 38 within.
The mechanism of the element containing the capsule or chamber 40 is more fully described in document EP 2068684.
The apparatus includes a mechanism 44 for the implementation of longitudinal movement of the first part 34 along the horizontal x axis.
The mechanism 44 includes two pairs of articulated rods, only two of 46 and 48 of which are depicted in the drawings.
Pull connected to each other and rotated by a shaft 50.
Rod 46 connected to the shaft 52, which can rotate around its axis when exposed to a user is attached to the shaft 52 of the lever (not shown in the drawings).
Rod 48 connected to the shaft (not show� in the drawings), which is attached to the element 40, accommodating the capsule, for example, to the base 54 of the element 40.
The shaft 52 and the shaft, which is connected by a rod 48, is mounted along the longitudinal axis X.
As schematically shown in Fig.5, the element 40, accommodating the capsule, has on its outer cylindrical surface two guide element 56, 58, representing, for example, two lug, when viewed from above. These elements are disposed on opposite sides of the element 40 and are engaged with two respective guide grooves formed in the housing 32.
Fig.6 shows the inner surface of the housing 32 from which you have removed all the elements shown in Fig.2, with the exception of the shaft 52.
This figure shows only one guide groove 60, the other a groove (not shown in the drawings) is located symmetrically relative to a median plane passing through the longitudinal axis X.
The groove 60 (as well as other symmetric a groove) has a longitudinal shape and is aligned with a horizontal axis X, and the guide piece 56 engages with the guide groove 60 (as well as the guide element 58 engages the other guide groove).
Under the influence of the user on the lever element 40 and camera 38 are moved along the longitudinal axis X, wherein the guide members 56 and 58 slide in the two respective n�sending the grooves (Fig.3).
In addition, the shaft (not shown in the drawings) is attached to rod 48 also engages with a groove 60 for channelling element 40 on its straight path.
Other details related to this part of the apparatus and, in particular, to the adjustment mechanism, described in document WO 2005/004683.
In addition, the apparatus 30 includes a second portion 70, also called a capsule holder, which is fixed in this embodiment of the invention.
Alternatively, in another embodiment of the invention, which is not depicted in the drawings, the first part of the apparatus, receiving the capsule with the ingredients is in a fixed position, and the second portion is movable relative to the first part.
This configuration is described for example in document WO 2009/043630.
The second part 70 includes holding the capsule element 72, which limits the slot 73 (Fig.6) to accommodate perforating plate 74, in front of which should be a capsule with the ingredients in the end of the movement of the first part 34.
The top of the housing near the second portion 70 has an opening 76.
Aperture allows you to enter the capsule with the ingredients in the portion of the apparatus, called brew chamber 78, which is located between the first portion 34 and the second part 70.
The capsule 36 with ingredients sun�ablaut into the housing through the opening 76 in the direction of the Z (vertical direction), perpendicular to the x axis.
In addition, the apparatus includes two symmetrical guide element, for example, two guide rods along the Z-direction on two opposite inner sides of the housing and extending from the aperture 76 down.
Fig.2 and 6 shows one of the two guide elements denoted by the reference position 77, wherein the second element (not shown in the drawings) located symmetrically about a vertical plane passing through the axis X.
With the introduction of the capsule with the ingredient through the opening 76 of the flange of the capsule is inserted between the guide elements to navigate through them when immersing the movement down to tea inside chamber 78, shown in Fig.2.
More specifically, two diametrically opposite portion of the flange is inserted into two corresponding opposite guide rods and slide them in. The dimensions of the strips and the flange of the capsule are selected relative to each other such that the capsule in the intermediate position was tilted relative to the Z direction, as shown in Fig.2. In particular, the width of each rail (transverse dimension relative to the direction of introduction) should preferably be greater than the thickness or height of the flange 36C coated closing element 36d.
Two guide element ODS�rat two constraints, respectively, located in the path of the flange of the capsule with the ingredients.
Two constraints, such as emphasis, are two guide rails at a height that allows the capsule to abut the stops in an intermediate position, as shown in Fig.2. Two constraints reduce using a camera useful width for normal free passage of the flange, which leads to the stop flange of the capsule in the constraints.
Fig.6 shows the limiter denoted by the reference position 79 and located in the guide element 77.
Fig.7 schematically shows a portion of the punching plate 74 mounted in the second part 70.
More specifically, the retaining element 72 comprises a Central support portion 80, which is located opposite the punching plate 74, and the outer portion 82 which protrudes axially from the Central portion 80 to the first part 34 of the device, thereby limiting the Central socket for placement of the plate 74.
From the outer portion 82 at a certain axial distance from the bearing part 80 radially inward departs annular element 84.
The inner diameter of the annular element 84 slightly exceeds the outer diameter of the plate 74. The annular element 84 on its inner surface 84A is provided with several internal elements. Only two of them, 84b and C shown in the drawing, with, for example, four elements mo�ut be located around the circumference of the ring.
Such inner ring elements are radially inward from the inner surface 84A and act each as a directional pad, contributing to the input of the punching plate in its slot in the direction indicated by the arrow F1 in Fig.7.
Insert through the open Central part of the ring 84 possible due to the relative elasticity of the ring 84 and perforating plate 74.
When the plate 74 is forcibly engages with the ring 84 in the position shown in Fig.7, each inner annular element acts as a retaining means preventing the extraction of the plate in the opposite direction.
So perforating the plate 74 is latched properly in its socket or seat.
As shown in Fig.7-9, the plate 74 has a plurality of perforating protruding from the surface 91 of the elements 90 and located between them a plurality of holes 92 to output the drink.
In the position shown in Fig.4, the capsule 36 with ingredients located near the perforating projecting elements 90 of the plate 74, for example, is in contact with the elements 90, and in the capsule known manner, hot water is injected at a given pressure.
Under pressure inside the capsule closing element 36d (for example, the frangible end cap or membrane) is deformed and the pressure�is to perforating projecting elements 90, which leads to the rupture of a closing element.
Fluid contained in the capsule (e.g., coffee), flows out of the capsule and is able to pass through the apertures 92 to output the drink, which opened in the receiving chamber 94 (Fig.4).
The liquid flows from the chamber 94 through the discharge spout 96 and flows down into the Cup, not shown in the drawings.
Other details relating to the extraction of liquid from the capsules contained in document US 5402707.
As shown in Fig.7 and more fully described in document US 5402707, each perforating the protruding element 90 has an overall shape of a truncated pyramid. A pyramid acts in the axial direction from the square base 90A attached to the surface 91 to the free end having a square surface bounded by four straight perforating edges 90b, 90C, 90d and 90E.
Perforating edges lie in a plane parallel to the surface 91, and break through the cover element of the capsule when the latter is pressed against the perforating elements, as has been described above.
According to other, not shown in the drawings embodiments of the invention, the perforating projecting elements may have other shapes, such as prisms, cylinders, truncated cones.
The applicant found that there is a possibility of reducing the risk of capture of the capsule with ingredient�and perforating projecting members during the insertion of the capsule, as shown in Fig.1A and 1b, by a corresponding arrangement of the punching protruding elements on the surface 91 relative to the aperture 76 and the Z direction of insertion of the capsule.
In particular, the applicant has noticed that if the perforating projecting elements too far apart from each other and/or located so that a gap is left free from perforating protruding elements in the Y direction, perpendicular to the Z-direction is too large, it can happen capture/lock capsule in these elements.
The flange 36C of the capsule also preferably be selected with a larger regional area, such as twisted or smooth edge, which has a size and shape that reduces the possibility of entrance to left free between the span elements with proper orientation of the capsule plate.
Fig.8 reduced compared with Fig.7 scale is shown projecting elements 90, and left the free space between two consecutive elements is small enough to reduce the risk of capture/blocking of the capsule.
However, horizontal and vertical orientation layout in the form of a lattice (elements located on the surface 91 so that the formed between the elements of the passages perpendicular to each other) with the introduction of the capsule in a vertical Z direction allows the room to be�tit section of the flange of the capsule in a horizontal passage 100, dotted lines (Y direction), between the elements 90.
Fig.9 shows the angular orientation of the layout of perforating projecting elements 90 in the form of a lattice, which no longer allows the flange of the capsule getting stuck in the passages 100 with the introduction of the capsule in the direction Z.
Passages 100 are no longer horizontal, as the plate 74 is rotated about an axis perpendicular to the plate 74 at an angle at least equal to 15°, to the horizontal line and, for example, at an angle equal to 45°.
Thus, the gap left free from perforating protruding elements on the surface 91 in the orientation of Y, perpendicular to the direction Z of the introduction, significantly reduced compared with the interval in Fig.8.
So in the layout of Fig.9 this gap has appropriate dimensions to reduce the risk of capture of the capsule.
In other embodiments, the layout of the perforating elements on the surface can be such that left these items free period always is small with respect to the flange of the capsule to prevent sticking of the capsule with the ingredients regardless of the orientation of the gap relative to the direction of introduction.
Thus, even if the punching plate is mounted freely rotating within its recess�Yes, as in the known devices, the risk of capture is reduced.
It should be noted that perforating the perforating edges of the protruding elements, which are oriented in the direction of the opening 76 (perforating edges 90b and 90C in Fig.9), disposed at an angle less than 90° to the Z direction of insertion of the capsule and preferably less than 75°.
This configuration is oriented upwards perforating edges ensures that the risk of jamming the capsule with the ingredients will be reduced.
The foregoing is also applicable to perforating projecting members of another shape, such as elements with triangular or diamond-shaped cross-section.
In addition, to further reduce the risk of getting stuck, the relative size of the thickness of the flange of the capsule with the ingredients and left free space between the perforating projecting elements can be matched among themselves appropriately.
Thus, the thickness of the flange can be increased to become larger than the gap left between the perforating projecting members. As a result, the flange of the capsule will be harder to get stuck in these elements.
Alternative or in combination with increasing thickness of the flange, the size of the gap between the perforating projecting elements can be reduced, thereby making it difficult to jam the flange of the capsule in these elements.
In addition�about, the applicant added a specific tool to existing devices for permanent location or orientation of the punching plate 74 in a predetermined angular position, such as shown in Fig.9.
Plate 74 and the support portion can be formed so that the plate 74 could not return to the position shown in Fig.8, as a result of spontaneous rotation.
However, the rotation of the plate cannot be completely eliminated, and may provide a slight twist in a predetermined range relative to a predetermined angular position.
This is a slight twist to take into account peculiarities of different machines and slotting plates and to simplify installation of the punching plates in the apparatus, for example, using an automated device or robot.
For example, the allowable is the amplitude of rotation ±15° relative to a predetermined angular position.
Fig.10-12 shows the means for mounting the plate 74 in the above-mentioned predetermined angular position. These tools attach to the plate 74 specified orientation.
In particular, the plate 74 has covered the elements of the lock and the holder of the device, which is mounted on the plate 74 has a corresponding covering elements of the lock, with covered and covering elements interact with each other to set�key plate 74 to a predetermined position. This position differs from the position shown in Fig.8.
It should be noted that covered the interactive elements can be located on the holder and covering the interactive elements may be arranged on the plate.
For example, covered locking elements may be in the form of two protruding elements located on two diametrically opposite sides of the plate 74, as shown in Fig.10, and protrude radially outward from the outer side surface 118 of the plate 74.
Fig.11 rear (left side in Fig.7) shows a portion 80 of the retaining element 72 and a plate 74 mounted in the slot and located behind the supporting part 80.
Two protruding element (for example, two teeth) in each pair of protruding elements 110, 112 and 114, 116 are arranged with an angular offset from each other, and each pair is located inside the recess on the side of 80.
For example, each of the two recesses 120, 122 are made and radially inward and has an angular length greater than the angular distance between the two protruding elements in each pair.
The angular length of each recess is bounded by two radial end faces, designated 120A and 120b to the notches 120 and rooms 22A and 122b to the notches 122.
As shown in Fig.12, which is a partial view in p�respective plates 74, opposite part 80, the protruding element 112 comes into contact with the end face 120b after a small rotation of the plate 74 within its socket. The end face 120b acts as a stop that prevents any further rotation in the direction R1.
The end face 120A shown in Fig.11, operates in the same manner in respect of the protruding element 110, thereby blocking the rotation of the plate 74 in the opposite direction indicated by R2.
The ends 120A and 120b of the recesses 120 (respectively the ends 122A and 122b of the recesses 122) are covering the locking elements, which are mechanically interact with the projecting elements 110, 112 (respectively 114, 116).
A predetermined angular range relative to a predetermined angular position of the plate 74 (the amplitude of the rotation plate 74) may be limited to the angular distance between the two opposite ends of each of the recesses and an angular offset between the two protruding elements in each pair.
For the implementation of this function may be provided for other forms of male and female interacting elements and possibly reverse position relative to the plate and support section.
For example, the control part 80 may have two diametrically opposed protruding element and the plate 74 may have two diametrically opposite recesses, each of which has�t angular length, allowing a limited rotation of the plate around a predetermined angular position (e.g., 45°).
1. Apparatus for preparing beverages, comprising a housing (32) accommodating a first part (34) for receiving the capsule with the ingredients and the second part (70) on the surface (91) which is located in the perforating projecting elements (90) facing the first part, and having an opening (76), which you can insert the capsule with the ingredients in the direction (Z) in its insertion between the first and second parts, the first and second parts are arranged to the mutual relative displacement along the longitudinal axis (X) perpendicular to the surface of the second part, between two positions: a first position in which the first and second parts divorced for insertion of the capsule with the ingredients between them, and a second position in which the first and second parts together the contact is placed in the first part of the capsule with exposed perforating elements, and the direction (Z) of the introduction is essentially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, and perforating projecting elements (90) are arranged on the surface of the second part relative to the opening (76) so that with the introduction of the capsule with the ingredients exclude the possibility of undesirable delays in the perforating position protruding elements, wherein every perforer�rd protruding element (90) has several perforating edges (90b-d), lying in a plane parallel to the surface of the second part, wherein perforating the perforating edges of the protruding elements directed toward the aperture, disposed at an angle to the direction of insertion, comprising less than 90°, when viewed in the plane in which lie the perforating edge.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle is less than 75°.
3. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the location of the perforating projecting elements has a shape of a lattice.
4. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the perforating projecting elements (90) are truncated pyramid extending from the base surface (90A) to the free end having a square surface bounded by four straight perforating edges (90b-d).
5. The apparatus of claim 1, characterized in that the second part (70) comprises a plate (74) having a surface (91) with perforating projecting members (90) and mounted rotatably around an axis perpendicular to said surface, wherein the apparatus includes means(110, 112, 114, 116, 120, 122) to install the surface in a predetermined angular position, in which the location of the perforating protruding elements allows to exclude the probability of capture perforating projecting elements of the capsule with the ingredients at the time of its introduction.
6. The apparatus according to claim 5, �trichosis, what install tools allow a slight twist of the surface relative to a predetermined angular position.
7. Apparatus according to any one of claims.5 or 6, characterized in that the plate is mounted on a support, and the installation means include mating male and female means on the support and the plate to prevent substantial rotation of the plate relative to a given angular position.
8. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the first or the second part which is movable relative to the other part, is arranged to move along a rectilinear trajectory along the longitudinal axis.
9. The apparatus according to claim 8, characterized in that the first part of taking the capsule with the ingredients that are movable, and the second part is fixed.
10. A set of apparatus (30) for the preparation of beverages and capsules (36) with the ingredients, side and bottom walls of which form a container filled with the ingredients and closed by a closing element (36d), and the capsule has a flange (36C), protruding sideways from the side wall, and the apparatus for preparing beverages comprising a housing (32) accommodating a first part (34) for receiving the capsule with the ingredients and the second part (70) on the surface (91) which is located in the perforating projecting elements (90) facing the first part, and having guide elements (77) on�management capsules ingredients wherein the casing has an opening (76), which you can insert the capsule with the ingredients in the direction (Z) in its insertion between the first and second parts by interaction of the flange of the capsule with guide elements, wherein the first and second parts are arranged to the mutual relative displacement along the longitudinal axis (X) perpendicular to the surface of the second part, between two positions: a first position in which the first and second parts divorced for insertion of the capsule with the ingredients between them and the second position, in which the first and second parts together the contact is placed in the first part of the capsule with exposed perforating elements, and the direction (Z) of the introduction is essentially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, and perforating projecting elements (90) are arranged on the surface of the second part relative to the opening (76) so that with the introduction of the capsule with the ingredients exclude the possibility of undesirable delays in the perforating position protruding elements, wherein each perforating the protruding element (90) has several perforating edges (90b-d) lying in a plane parallel to the surface of the second part, thus perforating the perforating edges of the protruding elements directed toward the aperture, disposed at an angle to the direction of introduction�t, constituting less than 90°, when viewed in the plane in which lie the verge of perforating.
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for adaptation of a capsule to the capsule holder of the food machine, when the capsule or pod is less than the capsules or pods initially designed for insertion into the capsule holder, at that the machine comprises an element of the liquid input with the purpose of circulation of the liquid through the capsule into the outlet, at that the device comprises a retention part designed for retaining at least a part of the capsule, and a sealing means for adaptation to the circumference of the capsule holder and/or the element of the liquid input and/or the outer surface of the capsule in a sealing manner so that the flow of liquid is directed only from the element of the liquid input through the capsule into the outlet.
EFFECT: proposed design of the device for adaptation of capsules enables to provide flexibility of the machine designed for use of certain types of capsules or pods, thereby enabling to use other capsules in it, not proposed in a number of products of capsules suitable to the machine, ensuring the level of safety, quality and convenience.
25 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: capsule for preparation of a food product in the device fit for liquid delivery into the capsule contains a compartment with food ingredients being mixed with the delivered liquid for the food product preparation, and a filter intended for removal of impurities contained in the liquid. The filter is represented by a filtering appliance consisting of a filtering membrane and an outlet wall whereon the filtering membrane relies. In the outlet wall, there is a liquid outlet hole communicating with the said compartment. The capsule contains a body limiting the compartment and a filter seat for accommodation of the filtering appliance therein; the filter seat is positioned upstream the compartment. Additionally, the invention relates to a filtering unit.
EFFECT: prevention of the filter deformation as a result of pressure of liquid supplied into the capsule.
15 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: system for portioned preparation of liquid food products contains a liquid supply means (2, 41) and a container (4, 38) containing the components; the said container has a hole (8) with the system additionally containing an intermediary liquid injection device (9, 37) for supply of liquid into the container (4, 38) so that to obtain a liquid food product; the liquid injection device (9, 37) contains the liquid inlet (11, 43) and the product outlet (16, 48) for removal of liquid food product from the container; the intermediary liquid injection device contains a wall (10) passing crosswise relative to the container hole in the process of the system operation; the crosswise wall (10) contains the liquid inlet (11, 43) and the product outlet (16, 48) that are spaced in the crosswise direction along the wall.
EFFECT: design improvement.
18 cl, 25 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: capsule contains a ring-shaped first wall (810, 838) including a flange (838) projecting to the outside, a lower part (812) covering the ring-shaped first wall at the first end, a lid (816), covering the ring-shaped first wall at the second opened end opposite to the lower part; the first wall, the lower part and the lid enclose a space, containing the beverage ingredients, and a seal element for sealing between the capsule (802) and the beverage preparation device (104). The seal element is represented by the flange (838) first part (838A) adjacent to the ring-shaped wall (810) edge and being at least 0.1 mm thicker (in the direction from the outer surface of the lid (816) than the flange (838) second part (838B) adjacent in the radial direction and passing around the first part (838A).
EFFECT: capsule, designed according to the invention, requires no provision with a special hollow seal element because of the capsule ring-shaped wall proper operates essentially as a seal element which allows to spend less energy and materials for the capsule manufacture.
14 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system, method and capsule for preparation of the preset quantity of beverage for consumption using an extractable product. The system contains a replaceable capsule, a device containing a receptacle for the replaceable capsule retention and a liquid dispensing device for fluid medium supply into the replaceable capsule under a pressure of 4-20 bar. The replaceable capsule contains a ring-shaped wall, a bottom part and a cover. The wall, bottom part and cover enclose the inner space containing the product being extracted. The bottom contains an inlet layer for supply of a certain quantity of liquid by means of the liquid dispensing device through the inlet layer into the capsule. The cover contains an outlet layer for supply of prepared beverage through the outlet layer from the capsule into the vessel. The capsule contains an additional wall element passing into the inner space to ensure additional rigidity.
EFFECT: invention allows to ensure constantly good quality of the ready beverage due to reduction of deformation during usage under exposure to fluid medium pressure.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a boiling device intended for usage in a beverage preparation apparatus that is capable to prepare beverage based on interaction of a beverage extract and an extracting liquid. A drawback of boiling devices consists in the fact that a large amount of water remains in the boiling chamber after completion of the coffee preparation process with water remaining in the boiling chamber as a result of usage of a valve or choke for creation of an artificial "cream layer". The proposed boiling device contains a chamber for introduction and accommodation of a beverage extract portion therein, a cover to be moved from the opened position into the closed position for the chamber opening and closing, release means containing a channel for release of liquid from the chamber. The boiling device additionally comprises a second release valve and ensures the possibility of free release of the flow from the chamber through the second release channel when the cover is in the opened position. The peculiarity of the boiling device consists in the fact that means are in place for locking the second release valve when the cover is in the closed position.
EFFECT: excluding conditions when the liquid bypasses the first release channel during espresso coffee preparation.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system, method and capsule for preparation of the preset quantity of beverage suitable for consumption using an extractable product. The system contains a replaceable capsule as well as a device containing a receptacle for the replaceable capsule retention and a fluid medium dispensing device intended for fluid medium delivery supply into the replaceable capsule. The replaceable capsule contains a peripheral wall, a bottom and a covering element. The wall, bottom and covering element limit the inner space containing the product being extracted. The bottom contains an inlet zone for supply of a certain quantity of fluid medium by the fluid medium dispensing device through the inlet zone into the capsule. The covering element contains an outlet zone for supply of prepared beverage through the outlet zone from the capsule into the vessel. While the capsule contains the product being extracted, the flow resistance of the capsule inlet zone is less than that of the outlet zone.
EFFECT: system according to the invention enables prepared beverage quality improvement.
30 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: fitting (2a; 2b) for the solvent vessel (3) for time-controlled preparation of an extracted beverages (in particular - for tea brewing) contains: a) a support plate (500) to be fitted onto the hole of the solvent vessel (3) with b) the support plate (500) having an aperture (511) for passage of the vessel (200; 4) for the substance to be extracted; finally, c) there is a lifting device that includes a sleeve (400; 13) whereon the vessel (200; 4) for the substance being extracted is maintained so that at the lower end it projects over the sleeve (400; 13) and can be filled with the substance to be extracted through the sleeve 400; 13) upper hole; d) the lifting device has a guiding device, stationary relative to the support plate, whereon the sleeve (400; 13) is mounted so that to enable displacement in a direction essentially vertical relative to the support plate within the limits of the linear guide (405, 515) between the upper and the lower position. The e) lower position determines the sleeve (400; 3) brewing position wherein the vessel (200; 4) for the substance to be extracted is lowered while the upper position determines the neutral position wherein the vessel (200; 4) for the substance to be extracted if raised relative to the brewing position, f) the lifting device having a locking device for locking the sleeve (400; 13) in the brewing position; g) additionally, a timer (300) is in place that, for actuation of the locking device, is designed so that upon expiry of the preset time interval the sleeve (400; 13) is unlocked if having been locked in the brewing position, h) the timer including an executive element (302) for the time interval setting. Notably, i) the sleeve (400; 13), while in the brewing position, is loaded along the linear guide (405, 515) with a recentering force that returns it from the brewing into the neutral position when the sleeve (400; 13) is unlocked.
EFFECT: creation of a fitting for a solvent vessel for time-controlled preparation of an extraction beverage that is simple to handle, reliable and cost-effective.
21 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to an improved filter holder for espresso coffee machines. The filter holder for espresso coffee machines contains an essentially cylindrical hollow upper element (10) and the lower element (20) shaped as a conic frustrum and having a spout (22); the cavities of the upper element l(10) and the lower element (20) communicate via a hole (15) bade in the bottom (14) of the upper element (10); in the hole (15), the bottom (14) of the upper element (10) has a projection (16) the external shape whereof enables formation of a male connector for installation as latched with the lower element (20); the outlet hole (24) of the latter is shaped so that to form a female connector; the inlet hole (24) of the lower element (20) has a cog (26) intended for installation in the matching slot (18) formed on the external surface of the upper element (10) base (14).
EFFECT: creation of an improved filter holder for espresso coffee machines that is especially efficient, usable and simple to manufacture.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: according to the invention, a system is proposed that consists of a beverage preparation device (10) and a capsule (1) for beverage preparation from the food substance contained in the capsule compartment (2) by way of injecting liquid into the capsule; the beverage preparation device (10) contains opening means (3) intended for interaction with the wall (4) forming the capsule (1) release surface (6b); the opening means (3) consists of a curvilinear-shaped opening element (7) intended for cutting and removal of at least part of the cover (11) tightly attached to the capsule release surface (6b).
EFFECT: design improvement.
16 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, capsule, which may be used for producing of espresso-coffee.
SUBSTANCE: portioned capsule has constructional member arranged between capsule bottom and substance and/or between capsule cover and substance and provided with plurality of openings and channels defined by embossment relief for water distribution or for collecting of prepared beverage.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by uniform washing with water and, as a result, improved extraction of substance.
14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: textile industry, in particular, manufacture of nonwoven materials used for making tea bags.
SUBSTANCE: nonwoven material consists of thermoplastic synthetic filament having surface density of 7-50 g/m2, average diameter of single threads 7-40 microns, area of partial contact thermal fusion in material 5-20%, content of dull finish substance 0.5% or less. Nonwoven material may be alternatively laminate of nonwoven materials having basic component in the form of nonwoven material of thermoplastic synthetic filament. Nonwoven material is provided with openings having maximum diameter of 200-2,000 micron, and has transmittance 50% or more, coefficient of powder leakage 10 wt% or less, and water absorbing capacity less than 10 s. Tea bag is made from such nonwoven material.
EFFECT: improved transmittance, reduced leakage of powder from which tea bags might be manufactured and wastes might be reprocessed.
13 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 18 ex
FIELD: manufacture of cassette containing one portion of powdered coffee and adapted for use in standard espresso coffee apparatus for preparing of common coffee beverage free of foam on its surface.
SUBSTANCE: cassette has bottom equipped with passage covered with gas-impermeable foil. Before inserting said cassette into coffee preparing apparatus, foil is to be manually removed. Filtering member positioned between passage and powdered coffee is designated for preventing leakage of powdered coffee from cassette. Passage is adapted for preventing creation of hydraulic pressure in cassette, which might cause formation of foam.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in preparing of foam-free coffee beverage having taste of normal filtered coffee.
23 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: mechanics, foodstuffs.
SUBSTANCE: cartridge is fabricated in air- and water-tight materials and incorporates a storage chamber. The chamber height-to-width ratio varies from 0.10 to 0.43.
EFFECT: simple control, ease of use, possibility to prepare various drinks at relatively low pressures.
14 cl, 38 dwg
FIELD: food products; mechanics.
SUBSTANCE: loading system is introduced to be used in a device for beverage production, which has an end plate for inputting of rigid or semi-rigid cartridge. End plate has top oriented inlet for water supply, bottom oriented outlet for beverage discharging, produced in the device, and closing mechanism movable between open and closed positions. The loading system contains a reservoir and consolidation facility. The reservoir has an opening for beverage ingredients loading. Bottom part of loading system has an input and output openings. When loading system is being set up into the end plate and moved into the closed position, consolidation facility is shrunk and sealing relative to end plate for closing reservoir hole and volume generation might appear. It has beverage ingredients portion. While setting up the loading system into the end plate input and output openings are connected with input and output openings of the end plate so water from the input of end plate gets to the top through the loading system opening and the beverage produced from water and ingredients portion comes through the output opening and flows from the end plate opening.
EFFECT: invention enlarges consumption properties of beverage production system.
56 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: food products; mechanics.
SUBSTANCE: insert system to be used in beverage production machine is introduced. It has top oriented inlet for water supply and bottom oriented outlet for beverage discharging, produced by the device. Content of some amount of beverage ingredients in the cooking volume is possible according to the insert system production. The bottom part of the insert system has inlet and outlet with a possibility of connection between the inlet and outlet of end plate so that water from the inlet gets into the top to the cooking volume, so that the beverage made from water and mentioned amount of beverage ingredient goes to the bottom of the outlet, discharges from the outlet of end plate. The bottom part of the insert system has radio frequency ID (RFID) or a bar-code which is scanned by the reader of the device for its work to be controlled. Bar-code or RFID is located on the bottom part of the insert system so that the line which connects the inlet with the centre of the bar-code or RFID and the line which connects outlet with inlet of insert system are divided with a minimum angle blank no more than 70 degrees.
EFFECT: enlargement of consumption properties for beverage production machine.
31 cl, 27 dwg
FIELD: mechanics, foodstuffs.
SUBSTANCE: drink preparation machine comprises curing head to houses rigid or semi-rigid cartridge. The said head comprises inlet channel directed upward to feed water into the said head and outlet channel directed downward to let prepared drink out. Aforesaid insert comprises upper and lower parts, and sealing device. Note that the said upper and lower parts can move in open state, when required amount of drunk ingredients can be fed into the insert, and closed state, when both power and upper parts are sealed by the said sealing device to form a curing chamber there between. Lower part is furnished with inlet and outlet channels arranged to communicate with the curing head inlet and outlet channels, respectively, when the insert is fitted into the machine to allow water to pass from the curing head inlet channel upward into curing chamber via the insert inlet channel.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
51 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to integral cartridge for extraction of beverage from bulk substance. Cartridge contains: main casing containing dish-shaped part and lid part. Dish-shaped part has a base, side wall and rim opposite to the base. Lid part is rigidly connected to the dish-shaped part rim for limitation of cartridge inner volume. Cartridge inner volume contains substance contained in the filtering means for keeping bulk substance and for percolation of fluid substances through it. Lid part contains a channel, constituting the first way for percolated fluid substances. Dish-shaped part base includes a channel constituting the second way for percolated fluid substances. Base includes many ribs formed on it and emerging in the cartridge inner volumeto support filtering means and bulk substance for forming of thin channels between filtering means and dish-shaped part channel.
EFFECT: invention provides simplification of cartridge using by decreasing of operations quantity performed for preparation of cartridge to set it into the machine for extraction of beverage.
40 cl, 28 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed filter element comprising rim and casing with filtration channels made therein. Rim side surface features wavy elastic outer outline that allows a plastic adaptation of plug-in element to inner size of the vessel inlet opening. Plug-in filtration element can be easily inserted into vessel and will not fall out on pouting tear out of teapot.
EFFECT: drink preparation by extraction.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: filter holder for espresso coffee making machines contains a bowl-shaped body having a basically cylindrical shape relative to the axis. The body is open in the upturned area for pressure-tight installation on an espresso coffee making machine and has a hole in its bottom positioned on the axis of the said bowl for passage of extracted beverage. The filter holder has an adaptor that is inserted into the bowl and is basically cylindrical to contain a substance in a powder form the beverage is to be extracted from. The adapter may rotate coaxially relative to the bowl.
EFFECT: invention enables facilitation of the filter holder removal from the extraction unit after beverage extraction completion.
10 cl, 7 dwg