Device for cleaning water reservoirs from blue-green algae

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a flotation device, a frame, a hydraulic drive. On the frame the longitudinal rods are pivotally mounted, and on their cantilever portion the linkage for attachment of the drum is mounted with the ability of movement in a vertical plane. The drum is mounted with the ability of replacement of the drum holder, at that the drum is rotated by the hydraulic motor through the belt drive in the direction opposite of the flotation device movement.

EFFECT: improvement of quality of the implementation of the technological process of cleaning the water reservoirs from blue-green algae and reduction of energy intensity.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the agricultural industry, in particular, can be used in improving the ecological condition of water resources.

The known device for the introduction of biologics on the surface of ponds to control algae biological method. The complexity of using this method is that the introduction of biologics requires strict climatic conditions during the treatment of water. Biologics make under certain temperature of water, environment and timing.

Known such devices are mechanical actions. In the design of devices used especially blue-green algae - the ability to precipitate upon cooling. Device power-consuming, complex in structure and composition of the process steps in the working process of water cleaning and recycling of raw materials.

On the aggregate total of the essential features of this technical solution adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantages of the known devices.

1. The high energy consumption of the technological process of the devices used for cleaning of water from blue-green algae.

2. The complexity of the design of devices with mechanical drive.

Object of the invention is to improve the quality of the technological process of cleaning water from the algae ingenie its complexity.

The task is executed through the design of a device that contains a flotation device, a hydraulic actuator, a frame of a device on which hinged longitudinal traction, and cantilever mounted hitch for attachment of the drum to be movable in a vertical plane, wherein the drum is installed with the possibility of replacing the cartridge drum. The drum is rotated by a hydraulic motor through a belt drive in the opposite direction to the movement of the boats.

The technical result - the quality of the technological process of cleaning water from blue-green algae improving, and its intensity decreases.

The technical result is achieved due to the design of the device, the basis of which the principle of winding algae on the clip of the drum as it rotates. This generates a form of packaging, easy to transport algae, is the release of algae from the water and performing further processes of recycling of raw materials.

The design is seamless in its operation, does not require high energy and labor costs. The process reliability is ensured by the direction of rotation of the drum by the pressure of a water layer on the algae when rotated in the opposite direction to the movement of the boats.

Marked put�official side of the device allows to obtain economic benefits and to find wide practical distribution.

Fig.1 and Fig.2 schematically shows a device for cleaning water from blue-green algae.

The device includes a flotation device 1 and comprises a frame 2 pivotally mounted on the frame 2 lateral link 3, the hinge 4, a screw mechanism 5, the drum 6 with a removable clip 7, the motor 8 with a belt drive 9, the hydraulic cylinders of the hinge 10, the cylinders longitudinal rods 11, and the sidewall of the drum 12.

The device operates as follows.

The vessel 1 is equipped with a device for cleaning water from algae, comes in original position, puts the drum 6 from the transport position into the working position. The drum 6 is lowered to a depth of algae and is rotationally driven. The flotation device 1 starts the forward movement. Algae under the pressure of the water layer prodavlivayutsya to the holder 7 of the drum 6 and wound on its surface to fill the drum at the level of the height of the sidewalls 12, after which the drum 6 is transferred to the transport position and is transported to the dumping sites of algae. The clip 7 is released from the sidewalls 12 of the drum 6 by a screw mechanism 5, and in its place is installed the other ferrule and is fixed by a screw clamp. The workflow for cleaning of the reservoir continues until the completion of the cleaning stage.

Sources of information

1. Patent RU №2454504. �] and the system of obtaining the dry mass of blue-green algae from water bodies for the needs of the person / Grachev V. I., Grachev A.V., Tikhonova N. In., Pustovalova M. G., publ. 27.06.2012.

2. Patent RU №2068053. Method of cleaning water from algae and device for its implementation /Borunov N. And., Borunov O. N., Murov, V. M., V. Savin, D. F. Karamyshev V. G.,] L. F., publ. 20.10.1996.

3. Useful model RU # 89515, C02F 1/00. A DEVICE FOR APPLYING A SORBENT INTO THE STREAM OF WATER.

Device for cleaning water from blue-green algae that contains a flotation device, a frame device, a hydraulic actuator, characterized in that the frame is hinged longitudinal traction, and cantilever mounted hitch for attachment of the drum to be movable in a vertical plane, and the drum is installed with the possibility of replacing clips of the drum, where the drum is rotated by a hydraulic motor through a belt drive in the opposite direction to the movement of the boats.



 

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