Lubricating device of tooth-wheel

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to machine building, namely to machine parts, and can be used in reverse tooth gears periodically lubricated by plastic lubricants. The tooth wheel lubricating device is pair of the flexible plates installed without movement relatively to the rotating tooth wheel, in its radial plane at both ends of the toothed rim, at right angle to the ends. The plates cover the rim through full height, and part of the wheel body adjacent to the rim. Areas of the plates covering the rim have spacing below width of the tooth rim, and in them from the rim side the curs are made at right angle to the rim. Areas of the plates covering part of the wheel body have spacing equal to width of the tooth rim, at that they are turned relatively to the radial plane of the wheel towards the running-on of this wheel.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of lubrication.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular to machine parts, and can be used in gear boxes, oil lubricated periodically plastic lubricants.

Known lubricating device of a gear wheel which is a blade, whereby plastic lubricant is applied manually to the side (working) surface of the gear teeth (see, for example, "universal Shovel excavator e-B. GOST 5.223-69. Technical description and operating instructions. M., 1973, p. 113).

The disadvantage of this lubricating device is its low performance and the fragility of the applied lubricant layer due to the displacement of the applied layer when the wheels pass from the zone of friction (from the side surfaces of teeth) on the ends of the ring gear, as well as adjacent areas of the body gear. Because of this, in the zone of friction of the teeth there is a lack of lubricant, which intensifies the processes of wear.

As a prototype taken the lubricator gears AC USSR №1618973, CL. F16 57/04, publ. 07.01.1991 G., BI # 1. Its essence is that it is a pair of flexible plates secured fixedly relative to the rotating gears in a radial plane with the two ends of the ring gear perpendicular to them, overlying the crown along its entire height and the body part of the wheel adjacent to the crown, portions of both plates, overlapping the crown, have a distance between them that is smaller than the width of the ring gear and of the crown sections made perpendicular to the crown, and the portions of the plate overlying the body part of the wheel, the distance between each other equal to the width of the ring gear. The flexible plate allows the return of the displaced to the side (working) surfaces of the teeth when the wheel in the transmission of lubricant back to these surfaces that stabilizes the friction of the teeth of the wheels and reduces lubricant consumption.

The disadvantage of this design, the lubricating device is the fact that the portions of the elastic plates overlying the body part of the wheel, the return of the displaced to those areas of the lubricant do not participate, and only move the displaced lubricant along the ring gear; and a lubricant in the lubrication process is not involved, which affects the mode of lubrication of the teeth and contributes to waste of the lubricant.

The invention solves the problem of increasing the efficiency of lubrication.

To do this, the lubricator gear contains smashwords device in the form of a pair of flexible plates arranged fixedly concerning�about the turning of the wheel in its radial plane. At both ends of the ring gear perpendicular to them, overlapping the crown along its entire height and the body part of the wheel adjacent to the crown portions of the plate, overlapping the crown, have a distance between them that is smaller than the width of the crown and portions of the plate overlying the body part of the wheel, the distance between each other equal to the width of the ring gear, wherein the portions of the plate overlying the body part of the wheel rotated relative to its radial plane in the direction of crowding of wheels on them.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict: gear lubricating device is an end view of the wheel (Fig.1) and the cross section of the element gears with a lubricating device of the type wheel from the side (Fig.2).

The drawing shows the body 1 of the gear, gear ring, with 2 teeth, the circumference of the depressions 3, the circumference of the vertex 4, the side surfaces 5 of the teeth, the ends 6 of the teeth, the flexible plate 7, sections 8, fasteners 9 plates (7), the transmission casing 10, the radial plane of the wheel 11, the angle α of rotation of the end plate 7, the lubricant 12, the direction of rotation with the wheel.

Works this the lubricator as follows. When working (rotation) of the gear (direction from) with pair wheel in the transmission, lubricating plastic material 12 deposited on the side (working) surface 5 of the teeth 2, is displaced with the sliding�her teeth the dual wheels on the ends 6 of the teeth and the adjacent part of the body 1 of the wheel. Part of the lubricant that got on the end faces 6 of the teeth, captured part of the plates 7, overlapping the ends of the teeth, and is transferred when the wheel is on the incident side surface 5 of the teeth, thereby restoring to them the lubricating layer; a portion of the lubricant trapped in the body 1 of the wheel is captured by a bent part of the plate 7 and in the process of rotation of the wheel moves in a direction away from the body 1 of the wheel to the toothed crown and then transferred to the lateral surface 5 of the teeth.

Compared with the prototype of the proposed lubricating device allows the efficient return of displaced lateral end surfaces of the lubricant not only from the ends of the teeth, but also the adjacent areas of the body gear. This increases the efficiency of the lubrication, improves the friction of the mating teeth and reduced lubricant consumption.

The lubricator gear, predominantly open gears lubricated periodically the grease-containing smashwords device in the form of a pair of flexible plates arranged fixedly relative to the rotating impeller in a radial plane at both ends of the ring gear perpendicular to them, overlapping the crown along its entire height and the body part of the wheel�, adjacent to the crown portions of the plate, overlapping the crown, have the distance between them is less than the width, and the portions of the plate overlying the body part of the wheel, the distance between each other equal to the width of the ring gear, characterized in that the portions of the plate overlying the body part of the wheel rotated relative to its radial plane in the direction of crowding of wheels on them.



 

Same patents:

Tooth-wheel // 2555880

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to machine building, namely to machine parts, and can be used in tooth gears lubricated by plastic lubricants. Gear wheel comprises body and toothed rim with teeth. On the teeth ends the lubricant holding elements are installed, they are located along the full length of their side surfaces. The lubricant holding elements have the outside profile identical to the profile of the teeth ends, cross-section of the elements through the full length has U-like shape. Middle parts of the lubricant holding elements are strengthened at the teeth ends, and two other parts creating the outside profile adjoin to the side surfaces of the teeth at right angle to their ends.

EFFECT: assurance of increased production effectiveness of the teeth design, and improved operation reliability.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the machine building, in particular to machine parts, and can be used to lubricate the wheels of the reverse gearing with rectilinear/plane flank toothing in one of spur gears periodically lubricated with plastic lubricants. The lubricating device of the toothed wheel comprises body, tooth rim with teeth, concentric rings, pair of flexible plates and cantilever. The concentric rings are secured at the body ends along the circle of the tooth gullets. Pair of the flexible plates secured on the rotating cantilever installed hingedly on the gear casing with the axle of rotation. The cantilever is located between the concentric ring and wheel centre. The cantilevers are provided with gear of their rotation to both directions relatively to the radial plane of the wheel towards the running over side surfaces of the teeth ensuring their simultaneous contact along the full length.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of lubrication of the toothed wheel.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and is intended for gearbox cooling in the revolving gear of the cutter for breast mining. The revolving gear contains a set of separate transmission gears and cooling system. The transmission gears are arranged in row in elongated casing. The cooling system contains heating medium injection system in each of the transmission gears. Each injection system has longitudinal hole made in shaft of the transmission gear, and pipe for the heating medium injection installed in this hole. The pipe diameter is below the diameter of the longitudinal hole. The heating medium supply line is connected to the heating medium injection pipe. To the longitudinal hole and adjacent to one its end the hole is connected for the heating medium outlet, so the heating medium exiting from end of the specified pipe flows back along it, and then exits shaft of the transmission gear ensuring heat removal from the individual transmission gear.

EFFECT: improved design.

22 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method of the gear wheel lubrication includes the running-in of the work surfaces of teethe of the toothed rim, with pressing to them by the lubricating element in form of the pinion with teeth made out of pressed lubricating material. During the running-in the pinion is provided with axial oscillating movements, and width of pinion teeth is made equal to sum of widths of the wheel teeth and double amplitude of oscillations.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of lubrication.

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method of rotaprint lubrication of geartrain includes running-in of the work surfaces of teeth, of at least one gear wheel of the geartrain, with pressing to it of the lubricating element in form of the pinion with teeth made out of pressed lubricating material, at that pressing degree is changed directly proportional to change of the loading of the geartrain, for this the train is provided with sensor of its loading, and pinion has gear changing its pressing to the wheel of the geartrain.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of rotaprint lubrication of the geartrains with variable loading mode.

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: method of gear wheel lubrication includes running-in of the work surfaces of the of teethe of the toothed rim, with pressing to them by lubricating element in form of pinion made out of pressed lubricating material, at that during running-in the gear wheel if provided with axial oscillating movements.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of lubrication.

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle transmission lubrication system. The lubrication system with transmission with shaft bearings (4-9), gear wheels hubs bearings (10-15), ring gears (16-27) of interlocking pairs (29-34) of gear shift mechanism gear wheels and with clutch synchronous members (35, 36, 37) supports installed with possibility of axial movement. Lubricant circulation in the circuit (38) is supported by means of gravity and guiding components for lubricant feeding (40). For the first, the second and the third areas (41, 42, 43) of lubrication the first, the second and the third lubrication grooves (44, 45, 46) respectively are provided which grooves have drip holes for corresponding lubrication areas (41, 42, 43) located under them. The driven bevel-pinion (50) enters lower collecting tank (49) for lubricant, and lubrication channel (51) passes from outer circumference of the bevel-pinion (50) to upper collecting tank (53) for lubricant.

EFFECT: higher compactness and effectiveness of lubrication.

7 cl, 7 dwg

Pumping device // 2549579

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pumping devices with two stages for drivelines. Pumping device (10) includes stage (11) of low pressure of a pump and stage (12) of high pressure of a pump. The first stage (11) of the pump supplies fluid medium under low pressure to system (13) of lubrication/cooling and to an inlet hole of the second stage (12) of the ump, which supplies fluid medium under high pressure to hydraulic control system (14). Fluid medium from both systems (13 and 14) is returned by means of tank (16) and filter (15) to the first stage (11) of the pump.

EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of the device.

14 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: liquid lubricant supply device contains lubricant sprayer 4 made as box without top lid. The box 4 is secured on one arm 10 of the rocker 6 installed on hinge 7 inside the gearbox casing with possibility of movement in vertical plane. Cam 8 is installed on the driven shaft 9 and is located with possibility of periodic contact with the second arm 5 of the rocker 6. The rocker is equipped with spring 11 moving upward the arm 10 of the rocker with box after the arm 5 release of the cam 8 until the box top exit from the oil bath 2. The device is also equipped with the limiter 12 to limit upward movement of the arm 10 of the rocker 6. At place of the absent top lid of the box 4 a sprayer of the spayed lubricant 13 is installed in form of a mesh with size equal to size of this absent lid.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the liquid lubricant supply to friction parts of the gearbox.

2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: liquid lubricant supply device for gearbox has casing 1 and oil bath 2 with top level 3 of lubricant, it is lubricant sprayer made as box 4 without top lid secured on one arm 10 of the rocker 6 installed on hinge 7 inside the gearbox casing with possibility of its movement in vertical plane. Cam 8 installed on the driven shaft 9 is located with possibility of periodic contact with the second arm 5 of the rocker 6. The rocker has a spring 11 moving upward the arm 10 of the rocker after the arm 5 release of the cam 8 action until exit of the box top from the oil bath 2, and is equipped with limiter 12 of upward movement. Instead of the absent box lid a shaper of the spayed lubricant is installed, it is made as grid with size equal to size of the absent lid, and contains plates, which edges are perpendicular to the box top.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the liquid lubricant supply.

2 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; vertical gear reducers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed vertical gear reducer has housing 1, three stages assembled from cylindrical gear wheels 3, 5, 7 which are rigidly connected with shafts mounted rotatably in bearings 9-12 in housing. Lubricating fluid 13 is located in lower part of housing. Third-stage wheel 7 is partially immersed in lubricating fluid. Fitted on shaft of second-stage wheel 5 is washer 15 which rotates together with pinion stem 6 performing axial and angular motion. End faces 16 and 17 of gear wheels 3 and 7 of first and third stages directed towards second-stage wheel 5 are located in one plane. Washer 15 is pressed to end faces of gear wheels 16 and 17.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to reliable delivery of lubricant to teeth of wheels of higher stage.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: breather comprises flexible vessel (1), which is in communication with crankcase (8) of the reduction gear through pipeline (6), and pressure gauge (10). Flexible vessel (1) is made of corrugation provided with frame (3) and compression springs (4) which arrest the flexible vessel against free lowering and define a space for compensating air rarefaction in the crankcase of the reduction gear at initial moment of operation.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

1 dwg

Breather // 2262020

FIELD: mechanical engineering; removal of excessive pressure from reservoirs of reduction gears, gear-boxes and other mechanisms.

SUBSTANCE: proposed breather has stepped housing 1 with air escape hole, cap 6 and hemispherical dampening element 5. Rod 2 is fitted in air escape hole. Upper part of rod 2 is provided with circular groove. Lower part of rod 2 which is taper in shape extends beyond housing. Dampening element 5 is received by circular groove of rod 2. Cap 6 mounted immovably on housing 1 is provided with slots 7 in its lower part. Clearance is formed in between bottom of cap 6 and end face of rod 2. As soon as pressure reaches its excessive level, rod moves upward letting the air outside through clearance formed between dampening element 5 and through hole of housing 1, flat and slots 7.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability; avoidance of water penetration inside mechanism at immersion of breather in aqua medium.

4 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: planet mechanism comprises solar pinion (43), carrier (41) with satellites (42), and crown gear wheel (39) with synchronizers. Carrier (41) has a bearing in outer wall (10) of the housing of the gear box which is defined by ball roller bearing (13) whose outer race is secured between the lid of the housing and reactive gear clutch member (38) which is set on the bearing. In front of bearing (13) are projections with transverse grooves. The projections are provided on the face of the bearing rods of satellites (42) and carrier (41). The grooves receive the split stop ring that embraces the step washer secured to carrier (41).

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and reduced sizes.

5 cl, 11 dwg

Friction unit // 2272200

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: friction unit comprises contacting friction surfaces (1) and lubricating agent (4). Lubricating agent (4) comprises fillers made of microscopic particles having regular spherical shape. At least one of the contacting friction surfaces (1) is provided with the microscopic profile with hollows (2) made of grooves. The radius of spherical friction particles (3) exceed the depth of hollows (2), but no more than by a factor of two.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: crankcase comprises three crankcase joints. The flange of the first crankcase joint is curved and provided with base bearing surface for bearing units of the driven pinion from the side of the plane cooperating with the crankshaft. The pinions have the second joint plane that is parallel to the first one. From the opposite side, the curved flange is closed and provided with ring port for receiving the driving pinion with bearing units containing the third joint plane. The ring port is overlapped by means of the segment projection provided on the base bearing surface of the bearing unit of the driven pinion. Each joint plane is provided with mutually perpendicular ports for cooperation with the fastening and setting members. The inner surface of the crankcase is provided with means for catching, storing, and supplying oil to the friction surfaces of the bearing units of the driving pinion. The means is made of a rectangular space with rounded corners, and its smaller side is arranged along the width of the crankcase.

EFFECT: reduced sizes.

5 dwg

Angle gear drive // 2281862

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used at designing of angle gear drives of drive axles with rigid suspension of wheels, for instance, buses or trolleybuses. Proposed angle gear drive has case 1 with oil reservoir. Driving wheel 7 is installed bearings inside cup 10 rigidly coupled with body. Cover 18 with sealing member 19 is secured on flange of cup 10. Oil deflector 11 is installed between bearings of driving wheel 7 oil collector is made in form of space 14 on inner surface of body 2 and is coupled with through holes in cup 10. Oil holes 21 are symmetrical relative to horizontal plane passing through axle of driving wheel 7 at distance not exceeding inner radius of outer race of front bearing 9 of driving wheel 7.

EFFECT: increased service life of bearing units of drive axle angle drive driving wheel and enlarged operating capabilities.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises casing (160) mounted in the vicinity of roller (100) and pipeline for supplying fluid. Peripheral section (162) of the inner side of casing (160) is positioned close to the outer periphery of the roller. Two radial sections of the inner side are in the vicinity of appropriate side surfaces of roller (100). As a result, a chamber for supplying fluid is formed between roller (100) and casing (160). The pipeline for supplying fluid is mounted for permitting supply of fluid to the chamber for receiving fluid.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

14 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering; hyperboloid gearings.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in spiroid drive with rotaprint lubrication of gearing in processes where application of liquid and plastic lubricants is not desirable or intolerable, for instance in food, chemical, textile, space and vacuum techniques and at superhigh and superlow temperatures. Worm 3 made of antifriction material contain grooves with press-fitted solid lubricating material, for instance, graphite or molybdenum disulfide. Direction of grooves corresponds to direction of cut of worm 3.

EFFECT: improved application of lubrication to friction surfaces of friction pair members.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: .gear box (10) comprises at least two sections (20) and (22) and is made for permitting partial lubricating by means of lubricant (24) from pad. Each section (20) and (22) has a part of casing. The parts form a part of the pad for lubricant.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

8 cl, 8 dwg

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