Staroverov(s explosive 3 (versions)
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosives of mixed type. Explosive contains borohydrides of lithium, aluminium, lithium-aluminium, silicon, beryllium, diborane or tetraborane and hydrides of lithium, aluminium, lithium-aluminium, silicon or beryllium as fuel, and ammonium dinitramide, ammonium nitrate, nitrogen pentoxide or boron nitrate.
EFFECT: claimed versions provide increase of pressure on shock wave front by separation of mainly hydrogen, as well as regulation of reaction rate.
The invention relates to explosives mixed type.
Known for CENTURIES, see, e.g., us Pat. No. 2486436, 2486437 "Charge Staroverova - 7 and 10, consisting of an explosive mixture of substances.
The task and the technical result of the invention - increase the pressure at the shock wave front by separating mainly hydrogen, and by rational joint use of the two energy reactions is the oxidation of carbon, boron, or metals, and the formation of boron nitride And regulation of the reaction rate.
The speed of sound in hydrogen even at normal temperature and a pressure of 1330 m/s. and if we slightly increase the temperature of hydrogen, the speed of sound in it and the shock wave velocity will increase dramatically. For example, hydrogen with a temperature of 650°C (this temperature below its ignition) will have a speed of sound of 2360 m/s.
Based on this and the idea of this invention. For this reaction should give pure hydrogen and solids. A suitable chemical reaction for this may be ternary (three component) deenergizes (there are two energy reactions: oxygen-metal and nitrogen-boron) reaction of lithium or aluminum and their compounds involving boron.
The ratio of borhydride lithium - 35,85%+-10%, operating at input ammonium 51,06%+-15%, lithium hydride - throughout 13.09%+-5% (the estuaries�ü continue - mass. %).
Or possible the same reaction with aluminum
The ratio of borhydride aluminum - 23.66%+-10%, operating at input ammonium - 57,76%+-15%, aluminum hydride - 18,58%+-5%.
Reaction with borhydride and lithium hydride-aluminum is the sum of these two reactions
The ratio of borhydride lithium-aluminum - 29,75%+-10%, operating at input ammonium 54,41%+-15%, lithium hydride-aluminum - 15,84%+-5%. Possible reaction more affordable ammonium nitrate anhydrous
The ratio of borhydride lithium-aluminum - 28,33%+-10%, ammonium nitrate - 48,62%+-15%, lithium hydride-aluminum - 23,05%+-10%.
Can be used borohydride silicon and silane
The ratio of borhydride silicon - to 28.05%+-10%, ammonium nitrate anhydrous - 51,35%+-15%, silane - 20,6+-10%.
As a fuel (reaction with oxygen) and a second energy of the reaction can be used boron in the form of one of their hydrides (Baranov), for example, in a sealed explosive devices (shells, bombs, mines, warheads) in the form of liquefied or supercritical (critical temperature of 16.7°C) gaseous DIBORANE mixtures
The ratio of DIBORANE mixtures - 40,88%+-15%, ammonium nitrate - 59,12%+-15%.
Possible�and the reaction liquid tetraborate (boiling temperature is-18°C).
The ratio of tetraboron - 39,98%+-15%, ammonium nitrate - 60,02%+-15%.
Or with a solid decaborane.
The ratio of decaborane - 37,92%+-15%, ammonium nitrate - 62.08 per cent+-15%.
The most heat will have reactions involving beryllium, for example
The ratio of borhydride beryllium - 34,63%+-10%, operating at input ammonium 55,50%+-15%, beryllium hydride - 9,87%+-5%. As the oxidizing agent for beryllium can also be used ammonium nitrate
The ratio of borhydride beryllium - 27,48%+-10%, ammonium nitrate - 56,85%+-15%, beryllium hydride - 15,67%+-5%.
In a sealed explosive devices can be used being sublimed in case of nitrogen pentoxide or recently open connection - sectionis nitrogen
The ratio of borhydride beryllium - 20,28%+-10%, nitrogen pentoxide - 56,60%+-15%, beryllium hydride - 23,12%+-5%.
Convenient oxidizing agent is nitrate boron, as it contains a boron atom, which can be used for the reaction with nitrogen
The ratio of borhydride beryllium - 37,1%+-15%, boron nitrate 62.9% of+-15%.
These compounds are known in the explosives, but with a different ratio, giving akadashi� gases water vapor and nitrogen. Therefore, these possible reactions with complete or partial oxidation of the resulting hydrogen.
1. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: lithium borohydride - 35,85±10 wt.%, dinitramide ammonium 51,06±15 wt.%, the lithium hydride - throughout 13.09±5 wt.%.
2. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: aluminum borohydride - 23.66±10 wt.%, dinitramide ammonium - 57,76±15 wt.%, the aluminum hydride - 18,58±5 wt.%.
3. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: lithium borohydride-aluminum - 29,75±10 wt.%, dinitramide ammonium 54,41±15 wt.%, the lithium hydride-aluminum - 15,84±5 wt.%.
4. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: lithium borohydride-aluminum - 28,33±10 wt.%, ammonium nitrate - 48,62±15 wt.%, the lithium hydride-aluminum - 23,05±10 wt.%.
5. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: mixing silicon - to 28.05±10 wt.%, ammonium nitrate anhydrous - 51,35±15 wt.%, silane is 20.6±10 wt.%.
6. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has a trail�the following ratio of components: DIBORANE mixtures - 40,88±15 wt.%, ammonium nitrate - 59,12±15 wt.%.
7. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: tetraboron - 39,98±15 wt.%, ammonium nitrate - 60,02±15 wt.%.
8. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: decaborane - 37,92±15 wt.%, ammonium nitrate - 62.08 per±15 wt.%.
9. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: beryllium borohydride - 34,63±10 wt.%, dinitramide ammonium 55,50±15 wt.%, the hydride of beryllium - 9,87±5 wt.%.
10. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: beryllium borohydride - 27,48±10 wt.%, ammonium nitrate - 56,85±15 wt.%, the hydride of beryllium - 15,67±5 wt.%.
11. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: beryllium borohydride - 20,28±10 wt.%, the nitrogen pentoxide - 56,60±15 wt.%, the hydride of beryllium - 23,12±5 wt.%.
12. Explosive containing fuel and oxidant, characterized in that the composition has the following ratio of components: beryllium borohydride was 37.1±15 wt.%, nitrate boron 62,9±15 wt.%.
FIELD: demolition works.
SUBSTANCE: pyrotechnical flammable and incendiary composition contains an oxidizer comprising barium nitrate, a thermal base which comprises an oxygen-containing oxidiser and titanium powder as fine metal fuel and in addition a nitrolacquer as an activator of ignition and burning of thermal base, and also process additives - phenolformaldehyde resin and pyrotechnical graphite.
EFFECT: guaranteed ignition of the main charge of a product which is intensively ignited and steadily burns, and the composition is safe in terms of process fabrication and its re-processing into functional charges.
1 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: spark-forcing compound for red fireworks contains, wt %: strontium nitrate 52-58, aluminium-magnesium alloy powder 18-22, fine sparking agent - aluminium powder 9-11, colour enhancing agent - chlorinated paraffin wax powder 9-11 and an organic combustible binding agent - iditol 6-4.
EFFECT: compound is chemically stable, possesses functional reliability and physical-chemical stability, low sensitivity to mechanical effect; it is safe and workable in the industrial production and operation.
FIELD: blasting operations.
SUBSTANCE: spark-force composition for green fireworks comprises wt %: barium nitrate 54-61, powder of aluminium-magnesium alloy 7-10, spark-generator of mixture of powders of ferrosilicon 9-11 and aluminium powder 5-6, as the colour intensifier - powder of chlorinated paraffin wax 14-16, and as an organic combustible binder iditol 4-3.
EFFECT: obtaining stable, physicochemical stable composition having low sensitivity to mechanical stress, safe and technologically advanced in manufacturing and operation, having high quality of indicators of application in saturation and brightness of the flame colour and having original colourful effect.
2 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: illuminating pyrotechnic composition includes, wt %: magnesium powder 40.0-55.0, barium nitrate 30.0-40.0, phenolformaldehyde resin 5.0-6.0, polytetrafluoroethylene 1.0-1.5, aluminium-magnesium alloy powder 8.5-9.0.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase light intensity and specific light sum.
1 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: pyrotechnic composition of red signal light includes, wt %: oxidiser - strontium nitrate 67-73; metal fuel - magnesium powder 10-12; as chlorine-containing colour-flame reagent - chloroparaffin powder 12-14, as organic combustible binding agent - iditol 3-4; as cementing agent - liquid chloroparaffin CP-470.
EFFECT: increase of signal light life, colour saturation, which made it possible to increase distance of visibility and perceptibility.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pyrotechnics and more specifically to incendiary pyrotechnic compositions for burning Bengal candles. The incendiary pyrotechnic composition for Bengal candles contains a nitrate oxidant - meal black powder and barium nitrate, sparking metal powder - ferrosilicium, organic combustible binder which includes phenol-formaldehyde resin, and organic binder in form of a paste which contains first-grade corn dextrin, corn starch, second-grade corn dextrin and potato starch.
EFFECT: invention provides stable combustion of the initiating head of a Bengal candle and guaranteed transfer of heat energy to its functional coating; the pyrotechnic composition of the head of the Bengal candle burns in a stable manner and creates a prolonged firework effect in form of golden-green sparks.
SUBSTANCE: invention involves adding to a mixture of oxidant, organic combustible binder and process additives, as metal fuel, a bidispersed mixture of micron sized aluminium powder and aluminium nanopowder in ratio of 40/60 wt % in amount of 10-25 wt %. The obtained effect, which was confirmed experimentally by burning samples of the fuel at atmospheric pressure, is high rate of combustion of the fuel, complete combustion of aluminium and low content of condensed particles in the combustion products.
EFFECT: improved combustion characteristics of the fuel without significant change in its composition.
3 cl, 5 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agents for forming an aerosol, and more specifically to pyrotechnic compositions which burn intermittently with periodic flares of a coloured flame which creates a twinkling effect, and meant for making signalling and firework articles. The pyrotechnic composition contains barium or strontium nitrate, aluminium-magnesium alloy powder, iditol and ammonium chloride as a flame colour booster, with the following ratio of components, wt %: barium or strontium nitrate 60-65; aluminium-magnesium alloy powder 20-25; ammonium chloride 10-20; iditol (over 100%) 1-2.
EFFECT: invention provides high saturation of the flame colour while increasing flame pulsation frequency multiple times when burning firework and signalling articles.
SUBSTANCE: spark-show composition is used in pyrotechnic articles - table fountains for entertainment. The composition contains the following in wt %: ammonium nitrate 82.6±2.0; activated carbon 6.6±1.0; titanium 4.3±1.0; cast iron 2.5±0.5; urotropin 4.1±1.0. The composition is used in form of pressed blocks (specific moulding pressure 750-780 kgf/cm2). Characteristics: height of spark show 520 mm, flameless, burning temperature 600-700°C, show of hot bursting particles in form of a herringbone. Duration of burning of two blocks in cardboard cartridge case with height 40-45 mm, fitted with a nozzle with diameter 8 mm is about four minutes.
EFFECT: absence of falling hot particles when said composition burns, low burning temperature of said composition, absence of specific smell of combustion products and explosion hazardous components in the composition makes use and manufacture of the fountain safe, the spark show in form of a herringbone consisting of bursting particles creates a beautiful effect with duration of more than three minutes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pyrotechnics. The amber light pyrotechnic composition contains 45-47.5 wt % magnesium powder, 21-23.5 wt % sodium nitrate, 23.5-25 wt % silicate lumps and 5-10 wt % calcium stearate.
EFFECT: increased light intensity, specific light sum and combustion strength of the pyrotechnic composition.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosive substances, in particular to mixed explosive and its versions. Explosive contains silicon borohydride and one of the following compounds: water-free ammonium nitrate, ammonium dinitramide, nitrogen pentoxide, boron nitrate, and beryllium nitrate or nitrogen hexoxide. To balance reaction third component - disilane can be added. Components are taken in specified ratio. All versions of explosive ensure high speed of fragments and pressure of shock wave due to high reaction power and obtaining released gases with small average molecular weight - hydrogen and water. Regulation of reaction speed can be provided due to variation of composition components and their ratio.
EFFECT: group of inventions is directed at extension of technical means arsenal.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocket fuel, which releases hydrogen when burning, and its versions. Rocket fuel contains silicon borohydride and one of the following compounds: water-free ammonium nitrate, ammonium dinitramide, nitrogen pentoxide, boron nitrate, beryllium nitrate, nitric acid or nitrogen hexoxide. To balance reaction third component - disilane can be added. Components are taken in specified ratio. Regulation of reaction speed is possible by variation of composition compounds and their ratio.
EFFECT: all versions of rocket fuel ensure high speed of reactive jet due to increased reaction power and obtaining released gases with small average molecular weight - hydrogen and water.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to propellant explosive, such as mixed gunpowder, and to its versions. Propellant explosive contains silicon borohydride and one of the following compounds: water-free ammonium nitrate, ammonium dinitramide, nitrogen pentoxide, boron nitrate, and beryllium nitrate or nitrogen hexoxide. To balance reaction third component - disilane can be added. Components are taken in specified ratio. All versions of propellant explosive ensure high basic speed of missiles and bullets due to high reaction power and release of mainly hydrogen. Regulation of charge burning speed can be provided due to selection of components and their content in composition.
EFFECT: group of inventions is directed at extension of technical means arsenal.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an explosive substance. The explosive substance contains a nitro compound, particularly trinitromethane (nitroform). The trinitromethane is present in a bonded compound with unsaturated hydrocarbons, for example, via a Michael reaction. A method of preparing such a substance employs radiation polymerisation with heat removal to form a copolymer with another component, which can be nitroethylene, and additionally contains decaborane. The explosive substance can be a mixture in which nitroform is in a liquid ammonia-soluble form, wherein the ammonia is a hot substance, and diborane and pentaborane can be added to the explosive substance.
EFFECT: higher effectiveness of the substance.
FIELD: blasting operations.
SUBSTANCE: explosive comprises ammonium nitrate and the explosive decomposition catalyst added into the melt. At that it comprises the catalyst as a binary mixture with dispersion of 0.15-0.2 mm consisting of potassium nitrate and sodium nitrate.
EFFECT: improvement of quality of ore breaking, significant simplification of production technology and cheapening of the explosive with simultaneous imparting it with the physical stability, reduction of its capacity in increasing the detonation capability, which enables to implement wide industrial introduction of this explosive.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of safe water-resistant emulsion explosives. The water-resistant emulsion explosive contains, wt %: oil-in-water emulsion 80.00-30.00, ammonia nitrate 18.60-65.70, gas-generating agent in the form of a gasification solution 0.20-0.10 and petroleum products 1.20-4.20. The petroleum products used are diesel fuel; the oil-in-water emulsion is based on aqueous ammonium or sodium nitrate and includes 70% acetic acid, thiourea as a catalyst and 40% sodium hydroxide. The emulsion explosive includes granular ammonium nitrate which is mechanically mixed with said emulsion.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at improving stability of operational and explosive properties and improving effectiveness of the explosive effect.
2 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of energetic condensed systems, namely to oxidisers of solid fuel systems based on ammonium nitrate (AN). Method includes mixing salts of ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride, heating mixture in water medium to complete dissolution, reduction of temperature to crystal formation without mixing, after which mixture is intensively mixed until equilibrium is established, filtration of formed crystals and drying. Potassium chloride is dosed into initial mixture in amount making it possible to obtain its content in solid phase not less than 3%. In obtained oxidiser thermal decomposition of AN changes - explosive nature of exoeffect is observed, heat release increases sharply. Effect is achieved due to formation as a result of ion-exchange at nanolevel of equilibrium solid phase with complex composition, possessing novel physical-chemical properties.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to obtain AN-based oxidiser, which does not have phase conversions in the interval of temperatures from -50 to +100°C.
4 dwg, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition contains ammonium nitrate brand ZhV, dinitramide guanidinium salt, orthocarborane, di-N-oxide-1,3-dinitrile-2,4,6-triethylbenzene, mixture of microdisperse powder of aluminium brand ASD-6 and ultradisperse aluminium powder, methylpolyvinyltetrazole and mixture plasticiser of methylpolyvinyltetrazole, consisting of 1-ethyl-3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole and 2-ethyl-3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole.
EFFECT: increase of burning velocity, specific impulse and stability of physic-mechanical characteristics of composition, reduction of dependence of its burning velocity on pressure.
SUBSTANCE: oxidant in the form of ammonium nitrate is dissolved in a mixture of water and acetonitrile using a magnetic mixer at 55-65°C for not less than 30 minutes. A fuel-binder is dissolved in the obtained solution at the same temperature for not less than 60 minutes. The solvent is stripped for not less than 3 hours while stirring at temperature of 55-65°C and pressure of not more than 0.03 MPa. The fuel-binder used is methylpolyvinyl tetrazole which is plasticised with a nitramino-nitrotriazole plasticiser. Metallic fuel is mechanically placed in the obtained mixture of oxidant and fuel-binder, said metallic fuel being in the form of a mixture of micro- and nanopowder of aluminium, guanyl-urea salt of dinitramide and a curing agent in the form of di-N-oxide-1,3-dinitrile-2,4,6-triethylbenzene. The obtained mixture is evacuated, moulded and polymerised at room temperature to obtain a high-energy composite. Fine crystalline ammonium nitrate can be used with particle size of 2-10 mcm.
EFFECT: high stability of physical-mechanical properties, rate of combustion, improved inflammability, low sensitivity to mechanical action and reduced dependency of the rate of combustion of the composite on pressure changes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of production of hydrogen-containing industrial explosive substances based on thickened water solution of fuel and oxidants, sensitised with explosive materials. Water-containing explosive composition contains balanced water solution of fuel and oxidants from ammonia nitrate, sodium nitrate and carbamide, thickened by polyacrylamide with application of ammonium sulphate as structurising additive. As sensibiliser, explosive composition contains multi-channel pyroxylin gunpowders with width of burning arch 0.7-1.5 mm or mixture of said powders with scaled trotyl with content of powder in composition 20-45 wt % with the following component ratio, wt %: sensibiliser 25.0-65.0 sodium nitrate 5.0-8.0, carbamide 4.0-6.0 water 9.0-12.0, polycarbamide 0.5-1.5, aluminium sulphate 0.02-0.3, ammonium nitrate - the remaining part. Claimed composition ensures sufficient sensitivity to detonation impulse in its initiation with stable detonation from DC, ED and NIS in thin polymeric envelope with layer width from 20 mm and more.
EFFECT: composition has increased work ability (2,5-3 times higher in comparison with applied ammonite No 6GW), is water proof, meets sanitary requirements and ecological safety in carrying out explosive works.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture and application of industrial water-containing explosives based on gunpowder-sensitized gel-like oxidant solutions. Invention provides composition containing granulated pyroxylin gunpowder or mixture thereof with ground pyroxylin and/or ballistite artillery powders, or ballistite rocket powders; water-soluble metal nitrates or their mixture; organic fuel; polyacrylamide (thickener); aluminum sulfate (cross-linking agent); water; and ammonium nitrate.
EFFECT: improved performance, sanitary and environmental safety during manufacture and application of composition.
4 cl, 1 tbl