Method of top dressing of tomato seedlings
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to crop production. In the method tomato seedlings are grown with water irrigation. To obtain increase in early harvest the tomato seedlings are watered additionally with 0.23% aqueous solution of potassium nitrate KNO3.
EFFECT: method enables to obtain an increase in early harvest by storing the first inflorescences of tomato seedlings.
The invention relates to the preparation of nutrient solutions for growing quality tomato seedlings and may find application in the greenhouse.
Known technology of watering tomato seedlings provide for a centralized system of water supply by hose irrigation or spray irrigation (see "vegetable greenhouse", ed. by Bryzgalov, V. A., Sovetkinae V. E., Savinova N. And. 1995, 352 p.).
Are the irrigation methods do not provide a uniform feed of the root system of tomato. During irrigation, the nutrient reserves in the soil are washed away by water, the plants do not get sufficient nutrients for the formation of the first blossoms. The seedlings in these glazes are formed high juicy stems with loose tissues, due to the large amount of free water in Miletich spaces. When transporting seedlings in the greenhouse for planting plants susceptible to breakage of the stem and the fall of the first inflorescences, resulting in lower early yield of tomatoes.
The aim of the proposed method of watering tomato seedlings is to choose the necessary nutrient elements in solution and applying these solutions to the root system in the seedling period of plants.
This object is achieved in that during the growth of tomato seedlings used different nutritional� solutions to determine more efficient. For the preparation of nutrient solutions with a concentration of 0.23% of the applied fertilizer:
1st solution - KNO3potassium nitrate.
2nd solution - KNO3+CA(NO3)2potassium nitrate and calcium nitrate.
3rd solution - NH4NO3+K2SO4ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate.
Control option - watering of seedlings with water.
The experiments that were conducted to determine the quality of seedlings when grown using each of the proposed solutions separately, allowed to compare the development of tomato plants compared with irrigation water without fertilizer. When watering, the inventors of solutions in the soil increases the total salt content of nutrients.
Fertilizing tomato plants with solutions containing KNO3+Ca(NO3)2- potassium nitrate+calcium nitrate and NH4NO3+K2SO4- ammonium nitrate+potassium sulfate, contributed to the growth of the vegetative mass, but delayed the development of the inflorescence.
Seedlings grown on the proposed technology with the use of the nutrient solution KNO3- potassium nitrate, was developed more - the volume of the root system the first two inflorescences of plants of tomato were on 1X organogenesis stages, promotes the formation of early harvest 1.5 kg/m2higher in comparison with the harvest collected from the area who poured water over it.
Watering tomato seedlings grown with irrigation water, characterized in that to obtain a raise early harvest tomato seedlings additionally watered 0,23% aqueous solution of potassium nitrate, KNO3.
SUBSTANCE: planting material is treated by soaking seeds prior to sowing for 24 hours. Soaking is carried out in an aqueous solution of magnesium and zinc complexonates with iminodisuccinic acid at a ratio of MgL:ZnL=1:1. The concentration of magnesium and zinc complexonates is 1.5·10-4 mol/l.
EFFECT: reduction of the agent consumption, and intensification of formation of pigments of photosynthetic apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bacterial stabilisation of aqueous preparations. The composition comprises at least one mineral and at least one bacterial strain, which are resistant and/or tolerant to aldehyde-releasing and/or aldehyde containing biocides and/or degrade these boicides. Step (a) adding to the aqueous preparation one or more aldehyde-releasing and/or aldehyde-containing biocides in such an amount, that the total amount of the aldehyde-releasing and/or aldehyde-containing biocides in the water preparation is from 250 ppm to 5000 ppm calculated relative to the weight of water in the preparation; step (b) adding to the aqueous preparation at least one water soluble lithium compound in such an amount that the total amount of solubilised lithium in the aqueous preparation is from 1000 to 3000 ppm calculated relative to the weight of water in the preparation. Steps (a) and (b) may be carried out simultaneously or separately in any order. The water soluble lithium compound is selected from a group comprising lithium halides, lithium sulphates, including lithium hydrosulphate, lithium citrate, lithium carbonate and mixes thereof.
EFFECT: invention realises its claims.
16 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of carbohydrate feedstock preserving against microorganisms. Contacting the carbohydrate feedstock in a unit operation is executed. The unit operation involves the carbohydrate feedstock storage or transportation with stabilised chlorine dioxide at a pH of at least 2.6 over a period of at least one month before its use in the fermentation process.
EFFECT: carbohydrate concentration of at least 1% by the feedstock weight, the amount of added stabilised chlorine dioxide ranges from 10 to 10000 mg/kg, as ClO2 based on the total feedstock weight, the microbial population of the preserved feedstock does not undergo an increase of more than 1 log10 CFU/ml or 1 log10 CFU/g for at least one month.
11 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: composite agent of fungicidal action comprises the active ingredient, which is used as a complex comprising strobilurins or triazoles fungicide in the concentration of 0.01-3000 ppm and a chemosensitiser in the concentration of 1-1000 ppm, which is used as 2,3-dioxybenzaldehyde-(2,3-DOBA), 4-oxybenzaldehyde (4-OBA), thymol or culture liquid filtrate (CLF) of the strain of fungus Fusarium sambucinum FS-94. The ratio of the fungicide and the chemosensitiser is 1:1-10:1.
EFFECT: invention improves the fungicidal activity and the lifetime of the fungicide, provides overcoming of resistance to fungicides in phytopathogens.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to physical treatment of plants by electrostatic charge wherein electrostatic charge transfer is made with use of water treated by electrostatic induction. At that in result of treatment by electrostatic induction water comprises clusters with deficit of electrons. Water treated by electrostatic induction is received with use of the following stages: placement of water to be treated to an electrochemical cell, ordering of charges and free electrons in the electric field, division of charges due to their movement and electrostatic induction occurring in its result, collection and discharge of de-electronised positively charged fraction.
EFFECT: invention allows effective control of fungus diseases and simultaneous exclusion of toxicological load on the environment.
12 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biocides. A biocide composition contains 2,2-dibromomalonamide and an oxidising biocide selected from a group consisting of monochloramine, bromochlorodimethylhydantoin, hypobromous acid, hydrogen peroxide, dichloroisocyanurate, trichloroisocyanurate and chlorine dioxide. Said composition is added to water or a water-containing system.
EFFECT: invention improves treatment efficiency.
10 cl, 17 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of electroforming nanofibres with a diameter not exceeding 500 nm, and the processes occurring in forming nanofibres in the chamber of the forming device. The invention relates to preparing the forming solution to produce nanofibres from aliphatic copolyamides, and methods of modifying nanofibres through various compositions of forming solution. Improvement of consumer properties of products based on the nanofibres is connected with diameter of the nanofibres obtained and with the surface morphology, or the substantial reduction in defects both of nanofibres and the material produced from them. When using the material based on nanofibres from aliphatic copolyamides it is necessary to provide bio-inertness and nontoxicity when in contact with body tissues, and also the possibility of biodegrading and recycling.
EFFECT: invention provides production of fibres with improved physical-chemical properties, which, in turn, improves significantly the product quality.
32 cl, 18 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in laying the potato tubers for storage, as well as their treatment before planting to control phytopathogens that cause various diseases. The fungicidal composition for treatment of potato tubers during storage and before planting comprises benzoic acid or its amine salts (monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, N,N-dimethylethanolamine and N,N-diethylethanolamine) at a consumption rate of 0.030-0.6 kg rate of application/tonne as the active substance.
EFFECT: invention is an effective and affordable agent for treatment of potato tubers in laying for storage and dressing when planting in the absence of phytocide action.
2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: rodenticide composition comprises the active ingredient - poison of acute action, the gelling agent, the dye. As the poison of acute action it comprises zinc phosphide or glyfluor or monofluoride or fluoroacetamide, or barium fluoroacetate, additionally as gelling agent it comprises a mixture of xanthan and carob gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9):(1-9), respectively, or a mixture of carrageenan and carob gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9):(1-9), respectively, or a mixture of xanthan and guar gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9):(1-9), respectively, also comprises water, or milk, or milk whey in the following ratio, wt %: poison of acute action 0.5-5.0; mixture of xanthan and carob gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9): (1-9), respectively, or a mixture of carrageenan and carob gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9):(1-9), respectively, or a mixture of xanthan and guar gum, taken in weight ratio equal to (1-9):(1-9), respectively, 0.3-15; dye 0.02-0.05; water, or milk, or milk whey - the rest.
EFFECT: invention enables to use the composition in subzero temperatures.
7 cl, 331 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Concentrated liquid mineral composition, containing the following components is applied for spraying leaves: total ammonia nitrogen (%) 0.08-2%, potassium, expressed as K2O (%) 3-6%, magnesium, expressed as MgO (%) 0.4-0.8%, sodium, expressed as Na2O (%) 1-2%, calcium, expressed as CaO (%) 0-0.5%, total phosphates, expressed as SO3 (%) 3-6%, total phosphorus, expressed as P2O5 (%) 0%, chlorides Cl (%) 1-2%, bicarbonates (in % HCO3) 1.2-3.0%, boron (%) 0.1-0.2%, copper (%) 0.018-0.03%, manganese (%) 0.00005-0.006%, iodine (%) 0.02-0.04%, zinc (%) 0.00005-0.006%, iron 0.0002-0.003, water to 100%. Percent content is expressed in weight percent relative to the total composition weight.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve adaptive response of plants to change of the environmental conditions.
9 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: for desalination of heavy saline lands, water is supplied to the desalinisation site, the slits 3 are cut, the irrigation pipes 6 with droppers 7 are placed along the central axis of the inter-slit bands, the inter-slit bands are covered with waterproof screens. Then the wash water is fed through the droppers 7, the soil with salt is moved from the walls of the slits 3 at their bottom after the termination of washing, and the slits 3 are poured. Before cutting the slits 3 the deep loosening 2 is carried out. The slits 3 are cut with a bias of the bottom towards the collector and matched with it. Along the central axis of the inter-slit bands the troughs 5 are formed by compacting, in which the pipes 6 with droppers 7 are placed. After moving to the bottom of the slits 3 of soil with salt they are poured first with gravel as the layer of 0.2-0.3 m, then with sand of the field surface. Then, the site surface is levelled and ploughing is carried out with the formation of the arable layer.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of desalination of heavy saline lands with minimal cost of water, diversion of excess precipitation with removal of salts beyond the desalinisation site.
SUBSTANCE: in the method the mechanical removal of the top grass layer of a lawn with the organic material to the sand is performed, 10% hydrogen peroxide solution is applied in the remaining substrate with the root system and the organic material by the 4-step sprinkler irrigation. And the first irrigation is carried out at the rate of 20 tons of hydrogen peroxide solution per 0.8 hectares. The mass of the organic material exfoliated on the surface is removed, then the next three irrigations are performed within two days, as the appearance of dark spots of organic material on sand, to obtain on the substrate surface of clean sand without the organic material. Two washing irrigations are carried out, and sand is poured for subsequent sowing seeds of sod-forming grasses in it.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the intensity and to reduce the time of formation of a strong root system of grass lawn cover, to reduce the recovery times of the lawns.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises treatment of the upper layer of the substrate of outdoor sports grounds with aqueous reagent solution. The reagent is used as 1% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide. Treatment of the upper layer of the substrate of sports grounds with grass surface is carried out by sprinkler irrigation with the cycle of 5 irrigations a day in amount of 20 tons per one irrigation. After treatment with the reagent the organic mass exfoliated on the surface of outdoor sports grounds is removed, a break of two days is maintained in the treatment. Then the cycle of treatment of the grass surface is repeated also by sprinkler irrigation with 1% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide and, if necessary, overseeding of seeds of sod-forming grasses is carried out to restore the grass surface of outdoor sports grounds.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the intensity and to reduce the time of formation of grass surface and to simplify the maintenance of grass surface.
SUBSTANCE: method includes perforating half of strips of a synthetic film; folding in two and using said strips to cover strips of the surface of an irrigated area; feeding irrigation water under the film; spreading ammonium nitrate on the perforated parts of the strips of the of the synthetic film; depositing binder on the layer of ammonium nitrate; folding the strips of the synthetic film in two; using said strips to cover the surface of the irrigated area and feeding irrigation water under the film.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of the method by feeding ammonium nitrate into the soil during irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: aqueous solution of polyacrylamide is added into a pore fluid. The drop flow of water is created, and then the rain drops are slowed down in the medium of the pore fluid. The pressure in the pore fluid is measured. The erosion hazard of rain is controlled by the m pressure level.
EFFECT: functional capabilities of erosion-preventive control of soil are extended.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises preparation of a field ditch and an irrigation furrow with opening the shoulder of the field ditch, into the shoulder of the field ditch a plastic bottle with the volume of 1.5-2 litres with a truncated bottom at the height of 3 cm is placed, the bottom is placed in the cut place of the bottle with the reverse side, the bottom serves as the means of water start and turning off the water flow into the irrigation furrow, and at low flow rates of water the start and turning off the water after finishing watering is carried out by the bottle lid.
EFFECT: simplification of the method and improvement of the quality of irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler plant with a sprinkler with irrigation along the quadrangle, containing a gearbox of the sprinkler and the sprinkler head vibrationally rotating around a horizontal axis of rotation. The sprinkler plant with irrigation along quadrangle is surrounded by mine housing limited from above with the surface of the lid. The sprinkler head is made with the ability of vertical motion relative to the mine housing between the lowered initial position and the raised working position. In the surface of the lid a cut-out is formed covered by the sprinkler head in its original position.
EFFECT: elimination of problem of partial opening or closing the rotating lid through the cut-out in the surface of the lid, reduction of destruction of the jet by the plant cover due to vertical raising the sprinkler head from the initial to the operating position above the surface of the lid.
17 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an air chamber (1), a tight vessel (3), installed below the level of water surface of a water supply source, an additional tight vessel (8), an air pipeline (4), which connects the chamber (1) with the upper part of the vessel (3), two mixers-batchers, the first (5(I)) of which is installed on the water surface of the power supply source, and the second (5(II)) and the connected end of an injection pipeline (7) are placed in the vessel (3), and supply (6) and lifting (9) pipelines. The first mixer-batcher (5(I)) and the lower part of the vessel (3) are connected with the pipeline (6). The second mixer-batcher (5(II)) and the lower part of the vessel (8) are connected with the pipeline (7). The lower end of the lifting pipeline (9) is introduced into the vessel (8) with installation of the cut above the cut of the pipeline (7). The pipeline (7) is equipped with an upright section (10) placed above the vessel (8). The chamber (1) is a hollow stiff or air-supported (inflated) item with low air permeability. The objective of the invention is hidden watering of decorative plants to due suction of a flow of alternating portions of water and air of low density at night time into a vessel (3) embedded into water or earth, where water and air are separated, spending one part of the air arriving to the vessel (3) for compensation of air leak via a thin shell of the chamber (1), conversion of the other part of air and water accumulated in the vessel (3) at day time into a flow of alternating portions of air and water of higher density, which is supplied into the watering point, and release of unused air portion into atmosphere upon completion of accumulated water drain, and the chamber (1) has the shape that performs the decorative function (statue, inflated figure, decorative stone).
EFFECT: expanded field of device application.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of land reclamation, particularly to irrigated agriculture. In the method the timing of the regular vegetation irrigation under conditions of the Northern Caucasus is determined using the sensor. On the irrigated field in the soil, to half the depth of the active layer of the soil, the probe-sensor is inserted, made in the form of a bayonet with transverse grooves at its end and a scale of depth of immersion with 5 cm graduations from 0 to 50 cm. Upon reaching the middle of the active layer for each individual plant species the probe-sensor is removed from the soil and at its end with the grooves the degree of humidity of the soil and the time of regular vegetation irrigation is visually determined, which is settled if on the end with the grooves of the probe-sensor there are no traces of moisture and clumps of wet soil, which corresponds to average moisture content of the active layer of soil 75-85% of field capacity (FC). At that the place for inserting the probe-sensor should be in the middle of a row of plants, in the wetting contour zone located in the middle of the section, it should not be compacted from the surface by agricultural machines, devices and people.
EFFECT: method enables to simplify the timing of regular vegetation irrigation and provide plants with soil moisture.
SUBSTANCE: method of crop irrigation in rice crop rotation comprises formation on the surface of the check of the ridge surface and the furrows, laying of drainage elements, planting upland rice or other crops of rice crop rotation, supply into the furrow of irrigation water and drainage loss. The novelty of the invention is that prior to the formation of ridges and furrows the chemical ameliorant is applied on the surface of the check, improving the properties of alkaline soils, and along the central part of the ridges parallel to furrows at a depth of 0.5-0.7 m mole drains are laid.
EFFECT: significant reduction in intensity of salt accumulation in the ridge part of the furrows, elimination of risk of secondary salinisation and alkalinisation, improvement of soil structure and providing sustainable draining effect.
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a flexible biodegradable package for flower bulbs for their maintenance, storage, transportation and direct planting in the ground, as well as methods of use and manufacture of this package. The essence of this package is that a plurality of flower bulbs is located between its upper flexible and lower layers of a material comprising biodegradable fibres. And the said flower bulbs are separated by areas between the bulbs formed through a predetermined distance between them. The bulbs are placed in a fixed position and in the preferred orientation for planting, and the said upper layer of the package is glued to the lower layer in the areas between the bulbs and on the periphery of the said layers. The method of storing the flower bulbs packaged in the flexible biodegradable package provides that the package is rolled up into a roll or folded. The method of planting the flower bulbs, packaged in the flexible biodegradable package, is that the whole package is placed in the soil, without unpacking the flower bulbs, to a predetermined depth of planting, suitable for the healthy growth of the flower bulbs. The method of manufacturing the flexible biodegradable package for flower bulbs comprises the following steps: selecting a plurality of flower bulbs, their placing on the first layer of the material comprising biodegradable fibres in the predetermined spatial orientation for subsequent planting, and with the predetermined distance between the bulbs, gluing the first layer to the second layer of the material so that the bulbs are placed between two the layers in a fixed position.
EFFECT: group of inventions enables to hold the bulbs with the optimal spacing between them in the correct position and does not have disadvantages relative to the matrix requirement, low flexibility, limited opportunities for independent changing and difficulties in demonstration.
15 cl, 3 dwg