Floating microhydrosolar power station
SUBSTANCE: floating microhydrosolar power station relates to renewable power sources and is intended for supply with the low electric power of residential and non-residential premises, electric and electronic devices, street lighting devices, and also social and field-based facilities located near the flat current rivers, streams, channels, spillways. The power plant uses two renewable energy sources, in particular, water and solar energy simultaneously. The water energy is taken by means of Ugrinsky two-stage turbine with hydrodynamic profile blades. Blades of one stage are turned with reference to another stage by 90° that eliminates unevenness of speed of rotation of this turbine. The water energy conversion directly into electricity is performed by means of the magnetoelectric generator. The solar energy is taken by means of the solar photo-electric modules placed on an external surface of the hemispherical dome located on the hollow cylindrical housing over Ugrinsky armatures. Inside the hemispherical dome the generator is located the shaft of which is connected to an integrated shaft of Ugrinsky armatures.
EFFECT: obtaining an energy efficient integrated solution for power generation from renewable water and solar energy sources.
4 cl, 8 dwg
Floating mikrovertoleta power plant (NMHSS) refers to renewable energy and is designed to supply electricity to low-power residential and non-residential buildings, electrical and electronic appliances, devices, street lighting and objects socially-a household purpose and field-based located within lowland rivers, streams, creeks, culverts. We offer a wide range NMHSS power from 0.1 kW to 100 kW will provide electricity, for example, geological exploration units and field-based, nature-lovers and fishing, auto travelers, as well as stationary objects of wide applicability that are located near rivers, streams, creeks and drains. Known invention hydropower plant patent RU 2457357 C2 F03B 3/00 from 0.07.2011 containing orthogonal turbine with straight blades aerofoil profile, the turbine chamber with profiled walls and a working machine, a turbine, made a three-tiered, in which the blades in each successive tier shift in one direction by the angle of 120° relative to the blades of the previous tier, the number of blades in the tier take at least one blade, the side walls of the flow part of the turbine chambers are profiled cross�s ledges, demolition trash bars. The output shaft of the orthogonal turbine is attached via coupling coupling, through a multiplier with PTO shafts, types of working machines generating sets, water pump, heat pump installation, acoustic siren. Power turbine and driven working machines regulate roughly the position predeterminado and pokerbingo shutter and subtly the power quality parameters is adjusted using the inverter. Electric generating plant was designed according to the schema of the alternator-rectifier drive electric power-inverter. Hydropower plant also contains controls start-stop of the turbine and working of machines, protection against abnormal modes, measurement parameters and metering, automation parallel operation with the network.
Known invention hydroelectric patent RU 2451824 C2, F03B 13/10, F03B 7/00 from 27.05.2012 representing a flotation device attached ropes with bearings on the shore containing one row or more turbines, installed in parallel on the hollow platform, turning into sharp edge vertically in the bow. The turbine shafts mounted in bearing supports with the possibility of vertical movement and kinematically connected to an electric generator and starter equipment. On the shafts of the turbines smo�based stars, interconnected chains. Before the flotation device has a filter in the form of a wedge for removal of items. Turbine blades are sickle-shaped profile and is secured to the housings of the shafts so that their edges form with the water a sharp corner. Hollow platforms have in cross section a trapezoidal shape, resulting in sharp edges vertically at the rear of. Upright filter fixedly installed at a distance from a vessel, equipped with rollers allowing rotation. The generator and ballast equipment are installed on the beach. The disadvantage of this invention is the restriction of the use of hydroelectric power on a broad rivers and canals in the Delta of large rivers that does not provide the versatility of its application, and the presence of a chain of gears between the rotors reduces power efficiency. Installation of the generator on the shore requires a complex drive, which should take into account the vibrational displacement boats with installed on their rotors. The method of installation of hydroelectric power does not allow the passage of small vessels and contributes to the collection of other floating objects. Furthermore, the design is bulky and requires costly installation at the jobsite. It is also known invention patent DE 814879 AND, 02.08.2951, F03B 17/06 containing watercraft, sacral�TES ropes with bearings on the shore, turbine with straight blades, a shaft which is mounted in the bearing supports, with the possibility of vertical movement, kinematically associated with the generator, ballast and equipment; hydroelectric contains one row or more turbines mounted on a hollow platforms in parallel, on the shafts of the turbines are mounted sprockets connected by chains, the boats ahead are rigidly fixed lattice in the form of a wedge. The main common drawback of this previous invention is the presence of a chain drive between the rotors, which reduces the efficiency due to the loss of mechanical power transmission and the difference of the speed of rotation of the first rotor and the fourth rotor, located sequentially after the first, second and third rotors. This speed difference occurs due to a power take-off velocity head of water the first rotor, then the second rotor and the third rotor, in this case, the last fourth rotor perceives the velocity head is significantly smaller than the first rotor, chain drive will be to equalize the speed of rotation, therefore, will result in loss of efficiency due to the lower speed of the last (fourth) of the rotor, the speed of which should be raised to the level of the average speed of all rotors is mainly due to the forced reduction soon�STI rotation of the first rotor. Known utility model patent RU 107828 U1 F03D 3/00 dated 27.08.2011, mobile vetrogidroenergetica (MUGAS) containing a rotor of a wind power plant, located on decks installed in parallel boats, which are located between magnetic electric generators, kinematically associated with wind power installations that provides electricity at the same time of the dynamic pressure of wind and water, and in the absence of wind MUGAS works like a hydroelectric power plant. The disadvantage of this patent is the fact that the presence of wind, especially in Central Russia, is not always guaranteed, and the use of solar energy to generate electricity is not provided. In addition, operation NMHSS in winter, when the river ice cover is highly problematic. The prior art also floating (free float) of the power plant described in the book by B. B. Kazanskogo: free float low-power hydroelectric. Edited by Paul Berg, Gosenergoizdat, Moscow, 1950 . Known invention the Rotor, patent RU 2246634 C2 F03D 3/00 dated 20.02.2005, where the rotor type rotor Ukrinskogo containing a pair of blades arranged symmetrically on the disk about its axis of rotation, according to the invention additionally introduced the second pair of blades and is formed for the flow of gas or LM�bones working surfaces of the segments from the points of intersection of the two pairs of blades till end of the periphery of the disc, and to flow through channels formed by removing portions of the blades between their intersection near the center of rotation. The main disadvantage of this invention is the presence of mechanical transmission, reduce efficiency, and the blade 5 (see Fig. 3) clearly perceives the incoming flow of liquid or gas and prevents the rotation of the rotor. Known invention Solar photovoltaic installation patent RU 2476957 C1 H01L 31/00, H01L 23/32, F16M 11/06 dated 27.02.2013, including rectangular concentrator photovoltaic modules placed on the system orientation of concentrator PV modules in the Sun. The main disadvantage of this invention is the fact that power generation can be carried out only in the daytime, in addition, in the winter, especially in the period of glaciation, the system orientation to the Sun will not work reliably. Also known invention Photovoltaic installation patent RU 2354896 C1 F24J 2/42 from 10.05.2009, containing a concentrator photovoltaic modules placed on the system orientation of concentrator PV modules in the Sun with the device controlling the position of the Sun, stereosistema azimuthal rotation and subsystem Zenith of rotation. The tracking subsystem include the presence of a mechanical motion transmission. Only� to note, the availability of subsystems for tracking the Sun with a manual transmission have an efficiency equal to 0.75, in addition, a tracking system for its operation, requires the consumption of a certain quantity of electricity generated Photoelectron installation. The art author unknown design, which is compact would be placed hydromotor and solar panels placed on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome, the outer nozzles, outer diffuser and inner confuser-diffuser, into a unified structure electroerosive station having mobile properties transportation on the water surface. Closest to the claimed technical solution is the mobile vetrogidroenergetica, patent RU 107828 U1 F03D 3/00 dated 27.08.2011, which is adopted as a prototype. The object of the invention is to obtain energy-efficient design for the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources, in particular, energy, water and Sun at the same time. The technical result is achieved by using the invention lies in the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources, in particular, energy, water and Sun, and use the energy of water lowland rivers. Said technical result is achieved in that the filler MICR�hydrosaline power plant comprises a hollow cylindrical body, internal confuser-diffuser located in the middle part of the hollow cylindrical body, the outer nozzles, outer diffuser, movable right and left hollow sash exterior of the diffuser, right and left curved outer sash of a cone, a hemispherical dome, located on the hollow cylindrical housing, a photovoltaic module, located on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome, the vent holes with the plugs, the upper composite cover exterior of the diffuser, the cylindrical hinges left and right side of the upper composite cover, lower composite cover, the cylindrical movable hinge right hollow sash, a cylindrical movable hinge left hollow sash, upper and lower arcuate guides for right and left hollow casements, the upper and lower arcuate hooks left and right hollow valves, bearings upper and lower arcuate guideways, a right cylindrical hinge right curved sash exterior of the diffuser, the left cylindrical hinge left curved sash exterior of the diffuser, the keel, the upper front part of which serves as a lower support for holding the bottom composite covers, vertical beam, horizontal beam, designed to keep the upper composite cover, bunk rotor Ukrinskogo with l�jaws hydrodynamic profile moreover, the blades of the upper tier relative to the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the lower layer rotated 90°mounting ring connecting hemispherical dome with a hollow cylindrical housing, a radial-thrust bearings shaft bunk rotor Ukrinskogo, angular contact bearings magnetoelectric generator shaft coupling, the case of the magnetoelectric generator, coil windings, magnets Nd In F, the cover of the angular contact bearing of the shaft bunk rotor Ukrinskogo, the cover of the angular contact bearing of the shaft of the magneto generator, lithium battery, charge controller discharge, the inverter located in the cavity of the hollow cylindrical body, an anchor with rope hole in the keel for attachment of a rope, hollow tor, in the winter, set around a hemispherical dome at its base, the heat storage fluid is glycol based, circular thermoelectric heater located inside of a hollow torus, navigation lights, charge controller discharge of celac, electronic control panel, click winter, button, summer, navigation lights, light sensor, protective mesh.
In addition, right and left (for water) movable hollow sash exterior of the diffuser have shelves in their lower parts.
Furthermore, the lower �ostavnymi cover has the right and bottom.
In addition, the fastening bolts are used to commit right hollow sash, left hollow sash exterior of the diffuser, the left and right flaps of the outer diffuser in extreme working position or in position for transportation on the water surface, and the threaded holes are for screwing these bolts.
Kinematically connected with a hollow cylindrical body movable hollow sash exterior of the diffuser and outer diffuser can easily be transformed into position for transportation NMHSS on the water surface. The blade hydrodynamic profile bunk rotors Ukrinskogo installed relative to each other with an offset of 90°, help with uniform rotation, allows to increase the capacity NMHSS in 1,6-1,8 times. The efficiency and increase the efficiency of NMHSS is also achieved by converting the Sun's energy during day time using solar modules (FEM), placed on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome. The electricity generated FEM, via a controller of charge-discharge is stored in lithium batteries (LACs). Circular thermoelectric heater (CTAN) in winter at the onset of the ice cover of the river, channel, Creek and drainage heats theplanetary liquid, which prevents the compression of lapologa cylindrical body NMHSS, ensuring its normal operation in winter. Furthermore, the method of installation NMHSS on navigable rivers does not prevent the passage of boats, and the presence of navigational lights is conducive to the safe navigation of deep rivers. Thus, the technical result of the invention is achieved by the electric power by converting the energy of water bunk rotor Ukrinskogo using MEG in electricity, as well as obtaining electricity in the daytime from the FEM, located on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome, which increases the efficiency and efficiency NMHSS, in addition, the presence of a hollow torus filled with a heat storage liquid based on ethylene glycol and placed in the middle of the hollow torus CTAN, which ensures electricity generation NMHSS in the winter of operation, which also increases its efficiency; the presence of cylindrical hinges, kinematically connecting with the hollow cylindrical body of the movable hollow shutters exterior of the diffuser and moving curvilinear folds of the outer diffuser, which can easily be transformed into position for transportation NMHSS on the water surface, and the use of external movable hollow shutters exterior of the diffuser and curved folds of the outer diffuser in operation (open) the provisions zoom�dicate the rate of flow of water in the inner confuser-diffuser and consequently, the power NMHSS in 1,6-1,8 times. The nature and composition NMHSS presented in the following figures: Fig. 1 shows NMHSS in stowing a side elevational view; Fig. 2 shows NMHSS in traveling position overall top view; Fig. 3 shows NMSES a side elevational view in section in the working position; Fig. 4 shows NMHSS General top view in section in the working position; Fig. 5 shows NMSES a front perspective view in the working position; Fig. 6 shows the connection rail with tow eye in section; Fig. 7 shows the forces acting on the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the upper and lower tiers of the rotor Ukrinskogo; Fig. 8 shows a schematic block diagram provide electricity to consumers and to heat teplonasosy fluid in the Torah. NMHSS includes the following components and parts: a hollow cylindrical body 1; inner confuser-diffuser 2, located in the middle part of the hollow cylindrical body 1; the outer nozzles 3 and the outer diffuser 4; right (with the flow of water) a movable hollow flap 5 with a shelf in the lower part of the outer diffuser 3; left movable hollow sash with 6 shelf in the lower part of the outer diffuser 3; right curved movable shutter 7 of the outer diffuser 4 and the left curved movable shutter 8 of the outer diffuser 4; hemispherical dome 9, located on the Peninsula of�scrap the cylindrical body 1; photovoltaic module (FEM) 10 located on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome 9, the vent holes 11 with a hemispherical dome plugs 9; upper composite outer cover 12 of the diffuser 3; cylindrical hinges 13 right 7 & 8 left curved movable flaps of the outer cone; the lower composite cover 14 external diffuser 3; the left portion 15 of the lower composite cover 14 external diffuser 3; the right side 16 of the lower composite cover 14 external diffuser 3; a cylindrical hinge 17, kinematically linking the right hollow flap 5 with the hollow cylindrical body 1; a cylindrical hinge 18, kinematically linking the left hollow shutter 6 with the hollow cylindrical body 1; the upper and lower arcuate guide 19 right superior Vena 5 fold; upper and lower arcuate guides 20 left hollow sash 6; upper and lower arcuate hooks 21 of the right and left upper and lower arcuate guide rails 19 and 20; the bearings 22 of the upper and lower arcuate guide rails 19; right cylindrical hinge 23, kinematically linking the right curved movable shutter 7 of the outer diffuser 4 with a hollow cylindrical body 1; the left-hand cylindrical hinge 24, kinematically linking the left curved movable shutter 8 of the outer diffuser 4 with a hollow cylindrical �the Cabinet 1; the keel 25, designed to ensure the sustainability NMHSS, the upper front part of the keel 25 26 serves as a support for holding the lower composite cover 14; a vertical beam 27, a horizontal beam 28 which serves to hold the upper composite cover 12; bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29, the tiers of which are mounted coaxially in a vertical plane at the transition of the inner diffuser in the diffuser, and the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the upper tier 30 relative to the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the lower layer 31 is rotated 90°, this allows us to ensure uniform rotation of bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29 and to increase its efficiency; the fixing ring 32, connecting hemispherical dome 9 with the hollow cylindrical body 1; the fixing bolt 33 for fixing the hollow right sash 5 and left a hollow sash 6 external diffuser 3 and the left curved sash 8, right curved sash 7 external diffuser 4 in extreme operating (open) position or in position for transportation NMHSS on the water surface (Fig. 2, Fig. 3); the threaded holes 34 for the mounting bolts 33; angular contact ball bearings shaft 35 36 bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29; angular contact ball bearings shaft 37 38 39 MEG; coupling 40 of the shaft 36 bunk rotor Ukrinskogo shaft 29 and 38 mA�nicoelectrico generator (MEG) 39; the housing 41 MAG 39; winding coils 42 located on the body 41; neodymium (Nd In Fe) 43 located on the rotor 44 MAG 39; bottom cover 45 of the angular contact bearing shaft 35 36 bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29; the top cover 46 of the angular contact bearing shaft 37 38 39 MEG; lithium battery 47 (LACs), the controller charge-discharge 48 (CLR), the inverter 49, located in the cavity of the hollow cylindrical body 1; the anchor 50 with a cable 51; hole 52 for attachment of a cable 51; hollow torus 53, located at the top perimeter of the hollow cylindrical body 1; the heat storage liquid 54 on the basis of ethylene glycol; circular thermoelectric heater (CTAN) 55 (Figs. 3); navigation lights 56; the sensor 57; electronic control panel 58; buttons 59 winter and summer 60; a protective grid 61. Rabodanges is as follows. First, at the jobsite, NMSAS translated from the stowed position (Fig. 1, Fig. 2) in the operating position (Fig. 3, Fig. 4), for which the cable 51 is secured in the bore 52, and the anchor 50 is buried in the soil of a river, channel, Creek, spillway. Then transfer to the operating position NMSAS is performed by rotating the movable right 5 and left 6 hollow shutters external diffuser 3 with the upper and lower arcuate movable hooks 21, which, sliding in the bearings 22 of the arcuate direction�gates 19 and 20, provide installation moving right 5 and left 6 hollow shutters external diffuser 3 working in extreme open position (Fig. 3). The extreme positions of movable right 5 and left 6 hollow shutters exterior of the diffuser 3 is fixed by means of clamping bolts 33, which are screwed up in the corresponding threaded holes 34 (Fig 4.). Then installed the lower composite cover 14, right side 16 and left 15 parts which are attached to the beam 27 of the front of the keel 26 and to the shelves (not labeled) in the lower parts of the movable right 5 and left 6 hollow shutters external diffuser 3 by means of clamping bolts 33, which are screwed up in the corresponding threaded holes 34 (Fig. 3), then installed the upper composite cover 12 by rotating the cylindrical hinges 13 and lowering it to a horizontal beam 28. The upstream composite cover 12 to the horizontal beam 28 is also carried out with the help of mounting bolts 33 which are threaded into corresponding threaded holes 34. Lower composite cover 13 and the upper composite cover 12 are used for safe direction of the flow of water in a bunk rotor Ukrinskogo. Right 7 & 8 left movable curved sash exterior of the diffuser 4 are also installed in the open working position (Fig. 4) and fasten by means of clamping bolts 33, which are screwed up in with�corresponding threaded holes 34. In this case, water is supplied into the outer nozzles 3 and further through the inner nozzles 2 on the blades 30, 31 hydrodynamic profiledumper rotor Ukrinskogo 29, which is mounted at the junction of the inner diffuser-the diffuser diffuser 2 in its part. Tentatively, taking into account the losses, the speed of the water flow is increased in 1,6-1,8 times at the transition of the inner diffuser-the diffuser diffuser 2 in its part under the condition that the inlet area of the outer diffuser 3 is 2 times more cross-sectional area at the transition of the inner diffuser-the diffuser diffuser 2 in its part. Expedited external nozzles 3 and the convergent part of the diffuser-the diffuser 2, the flow of water acts on the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the upper tier 30 and the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the lower layer 31 of bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29. While the impact of the forces (F1, F2, F3that create torque MEOCin the upper tier and the force F4, F5, F6, F7that create torque Mkrnin the lower tier, and the sum of these torques Mcumore than the classical rotor Ukrinskogo (see free-threaded low-power hydroelectric. Edited by Paul Berg, Gosenergoizdat, Moscow, 1950) through the application of hydrodynamic Trac�La blades of the upper 30 and lower 31 tiers. In addition, the reversal of the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the upper 30 and lower 31 tiers at 90° relative to each other is additionally possible to increase the energy utilization ratio of water flow to 0.47-0,48. Torque Mcuthrough the shaft 36 bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29 is transmitted through the coupling 40 on the shaft 38 39 MEG. The shaft 38 39 MEG is fixedly connected to the rotor 44 (at least one or more) 39 MEG, on the end surfaces of the rotors 44 are magnets (Nd-Fe-B) 43, opposite the magnets 43 on the housing 41 is placed coil windings 42. During the rotation of the magnets 43 in the windings of the coils 42 occurs EMF (electric current is produced). The electric current supplied to the inverter 49, which is converted into a voltage of 220 Volts and 50 Hz is supplied to consumers. Photovoltaic module (FEM) 10 located on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome 9, under
the influence of solar radiation also generates electric energy, which in winter is heated absorption liquid 54 on the basis of ethylene glycol, located in a hollow torus 53, in the summer, this electricity is supplied to consumers, which increases the efficiency NMSAS. To ensure the work NMHSS in the winter around the base of the hemispherical dome 9, which is located on the floors cilindri�die body 1, is hollow torus 53, which is located inside the heat storage liquid 54 on the basis of ethylene glycol and circular thermoelectric heater (CTAN) 55 (Figs. 3). CTAN using the accumulated electricity in LAC 47, developed FEM 10 heats theplanetary liquid based on ethylene glycol, which prevents the shackle ice design NMHSS at low ambient temperatures. NMHSS can be installed on navigable rivers, therefore, provides navigation lights 56 to ensure safe passage of vessels and operating on a signal of light sensor 57. In order to exercise control over the generated electricity and its consumption by means of an electronic control unit 58 and built in his buttons 59 winter, summer 60. Electronic control panel 58 in real time produces a graph of generated electric power in kW for the day, month and year. The charge controller discharge 48 provides protection 47 LACs from overcharging and from the loss of charge is not more than 75%. To display the operation NMHSS in the winter on the electronic control panel 58 is activated, the button 59 winter, and the summer 60 is turned off, connect CTAN 55, and the ventilation openings 11 are closed by the plugs manually. Navigation lights 56 NMHSS connect to LAC 47 Avtomaticheskaya signal of light sensor 57 (Fig. 7). In order to protect the bunk rotor Ukrinskogo 29 from the destruction of the floating objects on the external entrance of the diffuser 3 with standard threaded connections installed samanasena 61. Should indicate that the representatives of the aquaculture freely pass through the cell protective mesh 61 and the rotor Ukrinskogo 29, as well as the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the upper 30 and lower 31 tiers revolve for water, representatives of aquaculture are not injured and together with the stream of water discharged into the reservoir, which ensures ecological safety of operation NMSAS.
1. Floating mikrovertoleta power plant comprising a hollow cylindrical body, the inner confuser-diffuser located in the middle part of the hollow cylindrical body, the outer nozzles, outer diffuser, movable right and left hollow sash exterior of the diffuser, right and left curved outer sash of a cone, a hemispherical dome, located on the hollow cylindrical housing, a photovoltaic module, located on the outer surface of the hemispherical dome, the vent holes with the plugs, the upper composite cover exterior of the diffuser, the cylindrical hinges left and right side of the upper composite cover, lower composite cover, the cylindrical movable hinge right� hollow sash, a cylindrical movable hinge left hollow sash, the upper and lower arcuate guides for right and left hollow casements, the upper and lower arcuate hooks left and right hollow valves, bearings upper and lower arcuate guideways, a right cylindrical hinge right curved sash exterior of the diffuser, the left cylindrical hinge left curved sash exterior of the diffuser, the keel, the upper front part of which serves as a lower support for holding the bottom composite covers, vertical beam, horizontal beam, designed to keep the upper composite cover, bunk rotor Ukrinskogo with blades hydrodynamic profile moreover, the blades of the upper tier relative to the blades of the hydrodynamic profile of the lower layer rotated 90°, the mounting ring connecting hemispherical dome with a hollow cylindrical body, angular contact bearings shaft bunk rotor Ukrinskogo, angular contact bearings magnetoelectric generator shaft coupling, the case of the magnetoelectric generator, coil windings, magnets Nd In F, the cover of the angular contact bearing of the shaft bunk rotor Ukrinskogo, the cover of the angular contact bearing of the shaft of the magneto generator, lithium akkumulatorenwerke, controller charge-discharge, the inverter located in the cavity of the hollow cylindrical body, an anchor with rope hole in the keel for attachment of a rope, hollow tor, in the winter, set around a hemispherical dome at its base, the heat storage fluid is glycol based, circular thermoelectric heater located inside of a hollow torus, navigation lights, controller, charge-discharge, electronic control panel, click winter, button, summer, navigation lights, light sensor, protective mesh.
2. Floating mikrovertoleta power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the right and left (for water) movable hollow sash exterior of the diffuser have shelves in their lower parts.
3. Floating mikrovertoleta power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower composite cover has the right and bottom.
4. Floating mikrovertoleta power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the fixing bolts are used to commit right hollow sash, left hollow sash exterior of the diffuser, the left and right flaps of the outer diffuser in extreme working position or in position for transportation on the water surface, and the threaded holes are for screwing these bolts.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of hydrocarbons recovery from oil-bearing sands. Method includes oil-bearing sands supply to heating device and for oil-bearing sands heating in the heating device, where the heating device is extraction column where heating is ensured by means of the appropriate transporting fluid heated by sun energy collected by means of the optical concentric systems creating heated transporting fluid that acts as hot extracting fluid. At that specified extracting fluid is at supercritical phase, and extraction can be performed by modification of the conditions as per temperature and pressure to achieve the subcritical conditions.
EFFECT: method ensures energy saving from mineral sources and reduces harmful impact to environment.
7 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for erection of ecologically clean energy saving buildings and constructions is that the rows of remaining formworks are manufactured and sealed from the formwork building tiles with fastening of "dovetail" type, the remaining formworks are filled with concrete of high strength, concrete is coated from above with layer, having strength lower than the strength of the concrete filler, besides mini batteries of exterior tiles of the coating are manufactured, for this purpose the tiles of outer coating are melted of crushed glass produced during the mechanical sorting of household wastes, in the form of boxes with two holes for lead out of positive and negative wires of solar mini battery of the outer coating tile, elastic contact elements for implementation of lead outs of positive and negative wires of solar mini battery of outer coating tile are manufactured, photo elements to create the solar mini-battery of the coating tile are assembled on stand and connected electrically by overall dimensions of the outer tile of the coating. Prior to filling each row of the remaining formworks with concrete into the holes for installation of contact elements at the top of grooves of their fastenings of "dovetail" type, the specified contact elements are installed so that when introducing the fastening projection of "dovetail" type of solar mini battery of the outer coating tile in the mentioned groove, the elastic contacts of the last mentioned will touch the corresponding fixed contacts of the outer tiles of the remaining formwork, contact elements of all exterior tiles of the remaining formwork are connected row by row prior to pouring concrete by tensile-stressed electrical connectors with formation finally of solar battery of the entire building or construction, which is attached to the controller and to the storage battery, if it is required to supply power to electrical receivers with voltage of 220 volts, power supply system is coupled through the inverter.
EFFECT: increase of energy efficiency due to the use of solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: mini-cells are made for coating outer tiles. Glass scrap resulted from sorting out of domestic wastes is used to mould said tiles shaped to boxes with two openings as lead-outs of solar mini-cell plus and minus conductors. Photo-cells are assembled and electrically connected to comply with outer tile contour at the bench so that mini-cell is produced. Photo-cells assembly is placed in said box with its face side directed upward. Said solar cell is sealed by hardening substances that renders translucent after hardening. Elastic connectors after assembly of every line ahead of aerocrete are interconnected to make the solar battery for the building or structure. Said battery is connected to controller or storage battery of the building or structure Power supply system to supply 220 V to electrical receivers is connected via the inverter.
EFFECT: better power supply with the help of solar cells.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to wind power engineering. An energy generation method consists in the fact that energy generation is performed due to the rotation of working blades by means of wind accelerated by a structure made in the form of a converging-diverging nozzle in the upper part and representing a plane in the lower part, and due to solar batteries, as well as solar beams that fall on the battery, and due to their reflection from the inner plane of the converging-diverging nozzle. Energy generation can occur both due to the solar beams and wind flows; with that, a wind flow directs the station to capture it, and if there is no wind flow, the station is directed to capture solar beams.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at an improvement of the electric power station efficiency.
3 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to alcohol obtaining. A system of renewable energy accumulation represents a block of renewable energy sources, connected to a technological scheme of obtaining an alcohol. The block of renewable energy sources provides thermal and electric energy for supporting the processes in the scheme of the alcohol obtaining.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide ethanol obtaining from a biomass, with the application of renewable energy sources, which makes it possible to obtain alcohol on remote territories, possessing the required raw material.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in the chemical industry, in systems producing fuel for transport and in stationary power plants. A method of conversion of solar energy into chemical and its accumulation in hydrogen-containing products includes production of a biomass with application of solar energy, which is subjected to reaction of vapour-oxygen catalytic conversion with obtaining reaction products, containing hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The obtained products are supplied into high temperature electrochemical process to obtain synthesis-gas and oxygen. The obtained synthesis gas is used to obtain hydrocarbons on catalysts in the Fischer-Tropsch process, with oxygen being returned to the beginning of the process for conversion. As a working body used is water, which being heated with synthesis gas is evaporated under pressure in the range from 0.1 to 7.0 MPa and directed to a turbine to produce mechanical and/or electric energy for a heating agent.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce heat consumption for the process of obtaining energy carriers and to produce the energy carriers in the absence of atmospheric oxygen.
13 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to heat exchange and can be used for cooling of air or equipment, as well as for waste heat utilisation. As per one of the versions, a heat-to-cold conversion device includes the first heat exchanger 2, steam generator 3, liquid heat carrier (cooling agent) 4, a thin plate with hole 5, condenser 6, grid 7, the second heat exchanger 8, overflow valve 9, vertical pipeline 10, counter pressure valve 11, dosing mechanism 12, turbine with magnetic coupling 13, fan 14, the second thin plate with hole 15, and solar collector 16.
EFFECT: improving heat exchange efficiency, economy, ecological compatibility, as well as improving reliability and durability, enlarging an application scope and enlarging functional capabilities.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: two parallel closed circuits of power supply systems of a load and Sun tracking drives are connected together. A system of power supply to an autonomous load comprises a closed circuit from the following serially connected components: a solar photoelectric plant (1), a charge-discharge controller (2), a block of accumulator batteries (3), an inverter (4), a block for collection and processing of data (5), a power load (6). A system of power supply to Sun tracking drives represents a closed circuit from the following components connected in series: a solar photoelectric plant (1), a charge-discharge controller (7), a block of accumulator batteries (8), a block of control of a power supply system for engines (9), blocks of power supply and control of motor drives (10) and (11), motors tracking the Sun position in azimuthal and zenithal planes (12) and (13).
EFFECT: higher efficiency of an autonomous system of power supply based on a solar photoelectric plant.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat receiving panel of a solar collector comprises at least two similar joined fragments made with a profiled surface having corrugations and connected to each other as capable of coupling and tight rigid connection to each other along the outer perimetre and inside, at the outer side of one of which there is a selective absorbing coating, an inlet and an outlet collector with nozzles. According to the invention, the profiled surface is formed as a result of plastic deformation under action of inner pressure of initially flat sheet fragments, previously tightly connected to each other, at the ends of rigid connections between corrugations there are wide triangular, round or drop-shaped tips, between them and the collectors there are interrupted seams of rigid connection, besides, the distance between the tips and the interrupted perpendicular seam makes at least point zero five and not more than one distance between neighbouring corrugations.
EFFECT: reduced cost, energy and material intensity, higher reliability and manufacturability of making a heat-receiving panel of a solar collector.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: in a solar concentrator module comprising an optically transparent element with inlet and outlet faces of different sizes, reflecting surfaces on side faces and a radiation receiver installed on the outlet face of smaller size, the optical element is made of hardened polysiloxane gel arranged in the cavity between the inlet face comprising a protective transparent barrier, the outlet face comprising the radiation receiver, and the reflecting surfaces, and the reflecting surfaces are made in the form of a sheet thin-walled mirror reflector. In the other version of the module optically transparent elements are made of hardened polysiloxane gel arranged in the cavity between two inlet faces formed by two protective transparent barriers, side reflecting surfaces made of a sheet mirror reflector and each side of the receiver. A solar concentrator module is manufactured by generation of an optical element with inlet and outlet surfaces of different sizes and application of reflecting surfaces onto side faces of the optical element, a closed cavity is formed with side surfaces from the sheet mirror reflector, the radiation receiver on the outlet surface and the transparent protective barrier on the inlet surface, a previously vacuumised mixture of polysiloxane gel components is filled into the cavity, and polysiloxane gel is structured in the range of temperatures and duration of the process from the temperature of 20°C during 24 hours until the temperature of 150°C during 3 minutes under vibration exposure. In the other version of the method two closed cavities are formed with inlet and outlet surfaces of different sizes, the specified cavities are connected along the outlet surface of smaller section with side surfaces from the sheet mirror reflector, two closed cavities are installed with the surface of one of inlets with larger cross section to the transparent protective barrier in the horizontal plane, the surface of contact is sealed between the cavity and the protective transparent barrier, the mixture of polysiloxane gel components is filled into one of two closed cavities arranged on the protective transparent coating, the receiver is installed at the joint of outlet surfaces of smaller section of two cavities, the mixture is filled into the second closed cavity, the second protective transparent barrier is installed on the outlet surface of the second cavity, structuring is carried out in both closed cavities in the range of temperatures and duration of the process from the temperature of 20°C for 24 hours to the temperature of 150°C for 3 minutes under vibration exposure.
EFFECT: higher specific capacity of the optical element, simplified technology of photoelectric module manufacturing and its reduced cost.
28 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: unit contains the bladed wheel immersed into the water flow under the river ice cover. The wheel by means of the shaft installed in the cylindrical housing on bearings is kinematically connected with the generator. The housing is fixed in a vertical position in the ice cover in such a way that its top part together with the generator is located above the ice cover surface. The top part of the housing is designed with formation of adjusting disk to which the generator is attached. The unit also comprises a base board with longitudinal rectangular cut in the middle, and two supports. The base board length is greater than the ice-hole length along the direction of the water flow in the river. By means of two longitudinal and transversal surfaces of the cut the board is able to interact with the external surface of the housing. Supports are able to interact with the base board and the adjusting disk and are placed perpendicular to the axis of symmetry of the basic board.
EFFECT: creation of the simple hydro-electric power plant with a possibility of its use for power generation utilising the energy of hydraulic flow of the river covered with ice.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: power generation system of navigation lock contains the navigation lock chamber for connection of the first navigation reservoir with high water level and the second navigation reservoir with low water level, a flow-through passage with the turbine and holes, at least one hole for each reservoir respectively and two holes at the navigation camera of the lock, and also the lock control unit the first output of which is connected to the turbine. The navigation chamber of the lock has a pair of gates with the drives respectively for their opening and closing. The system is additionally fitted with reservoir water level sensors with high and low water level and the navigation chamber water level sensor of the lock the outputs of which are connected respectively to the inputs of the control unit of the lock. The holes are fitted with shutters with actuators. The control inputs of actuators of shutters and gates are connected to outputs of the control unit of the lock. The turbine is placed in the flow-through passage between the input and output holes of the navigation chamber of the lock.
EFFECT: simplification of power generation system of navigation lock.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydroelectric power industry, particularly to methods of small river and artificial flow utilisation for electric power generation. Method of midget hydroelectric power plant construction involves construction of hydroelectric aggregates in the form of converters of kinetic water flow energy to potential hydraulic shock energy, and rotating drive of electric power generators. Water ducts of hydroelectric aggregates feature walls moving in radial direction and injectors with actuators driven in reciprocal motion by water duct walls moving in radial direction. Electric power generator drive is made in the form of propellers rotated by energy transferred from injectors to propellers by intermediate energy carrier, a work medium other than water.
EFFECT: simple method of midget hydroelectric power plant construction in low-intensity water flows.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: at implementation of a construction method of OTPP combined with SP 1, all the component parts of the object being built in the form of ready-made reinforced concrete or metal blocks from the works to the assembly site are delivered by means of a float-on method. Sequence of construction work is started from an earlier installed supporting and restricting barrier consisting of a metal, reinforced concrete or wooden grooved pile projecting in an underwater position through the height sufficient for fixed retention of flooded threshold blocks with orthogonal turbines 4, including foundation of SP 1. First, assembly of the foundation is started by afloat attachment into a common structure of a rectangular shape, the margin of buoyancy of which is sufficient for retention of posts for laying of board panels. Assembly of SP 1 is completed by installation of double-leaf gate 7. Gate 7 is left open till completion of work on installation of threshold blocks with turbines 4 connected through shafting 5 to generators 6 installed on the shore.
EFFECT: construction of HPP on navigable rivers, where it is impossible to erect dams and flood gates as per local conditions.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic pulse lift includes feed pipe 1, guide case 2 with vanes 3 forming centripetal drain channels 4, vanes 5 positioned under the channels 4 and forming centripetal pressure channels, and rotor wheel 8 mounted on shaft 22 and featuring main 10 and additional blades forming drain 11 and pressure-head centripetal channels of hydraulic turbine wheel stage, so that outlet of channels 11 enters diffuser of suction pipe 26, with radial blades of centrifugal pressure-head pump stage of wheel positioned above pressure channels. At the level of vanes 5 forming centripetal pressure channels, feed pipe 1 features systems 27 of insulated electrodes with positive intensity of electric hydraulic impulse discharge device, installed in spiral or circle and connected with rotating switch 32 with low-speed high-voltage generator 31. Both are mounted on the common shaft 22. Negative electrodes in the form of metal blade fins 15 are installed in centripetal pressure channels of wheel 8 and connected to the earth.
EFFECT: improved output parameters and possible fluid supply and pressure at hydraulic pulse lift output.
2 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic machine building in terms of renewable power sources. A hydraulic pulser comprises a feed line 1, a guide vane 2 with blades 3 forming centripetal drain channels, blades set above the said channels and forming centripetal pressure channels 6, and an impeller 8 with blades 10 forming drain and pressure centripetal channels 11 and 14 of a hydroturbine stage of the impeller, the channels 11 lead out to the draft tube 26 with the radial blades of centrifugal pressure pump impeller stage being set above the channels 14. The output diameters of the impeller blades in the centrifugal pump stage are less than the outer diameters of the impeller blades in centripetal hydroturbine stage.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at the provision of design output parameters and possibility to regulate the supply and head of fluid at the hydraulic pulser output.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic machine building in terms of renewable power sources. A hydraulic pulser comprises a feed line 1, a guide vane 2 with blades 3 forming centripetal drain channels, blades set above the said channels and forming centripetal pressure channels 6, and an impeller 8 with blades 10 forming drain and pressure centripetal channels 11 and 14 of a hydroturbine stage of the impeller is mounted on a shaft 22, the channels 11 lead out to the diffuser of a draft tube 26 with the radial blades of centrifugal pressure pump impeller stage being set above the channels 14. Electromagnets are set in the blades of the guide vane 2. The electromagnet windings are connected to a current source via a current reverse switch 32, the current source is installed on a common shaft 22 with a low-speed generator 31. The generator 31 contains a rotor position sensor. Permanent magnets 16 are installed in the cavities forming channels 11 and 14 of the impeller 8.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at the provision of improved output parameters and possibility to change the supply and head of fluid at the hydraulic pulser output.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: flying collector for atmospheric water includes main fabric canvas, boundary toroidal balloon attached to it, rope bracing of attachment to lifting aerostat and captive cable. Main fabric canvas of collector is made as surface of rotation with increasing generatrix inclination to plane perpendicular to axis of rotation when approaching to this axis. Interior of boundary toroidal balloon and lifting aerostat is connected by fabric tube with valve. stiffness of structure is provided by boundary toroidal balloon supercharged with gas from lifting aerostats.
EFFECT: portable and quick-deployable device can be used in liftable and high-mountain parts of renewable energy and fresh water sources.
SUBSTANCE: method to produce electric energy includes installation of two non-polarised electrodes in a zone of continuous water flow in a sea or river at a distance from each other and from the bottom. Current-collecting lines are connected to the electrodes to transfer a difference of values of natural electric field potentials between the electrodes to a coastal station of electric energy collection. At the station they sum up the difference of potentials from all such pairs of electrodes, convert into AC and send to consumers.
EFFECT: provision of the possibility to produce electric energy by simple means.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and may be used in construction of hydraulic power plants in any area. The method includes construction of a cascade of water reservoirs with small capacity that are built at side river affluents, in area folds or in ravines, aside from the main river bed. Water reservoirs and their dams are arranged at one or both sides of the river at such distance from each other so that water horizons of each subsequent water reservoir of the cascade, starting from the river head, are lower than the bottom of the previous one. All water reservoirs of the cascade are connected to each other by discharge water conduits, water intakes of which are arranged in the lowest points of the dam of the previous water reservoir, and the end, with a hydraulic turbines or hydraulic turbines, for instance, active, cone and generators, on the dam or shores of the subsequent water reservoir, with drainage of water in it from the turbines. The first water intake of the HPP cascade is made, for instance, as a side one from the main river bed.
EFFECT: invention provides for river protection as an HPP is constructed on it in its original form, reduced adverse effects from water reservoirs, preserved ecology of the area, where the HPP is being built, provides for the possibility to obtain high HPP capacities from the river without accumulation of high amount of water in water reservoirs, and elimination of domino effect in damage of one or several dams of the HPP cascade.
FIELD: mobile generator plants.
SUBSTANCE: proposed generator plant has frame that mounts power unit, foot-operated air pump, and compressed-air cylinders whose air lines communicate with generator plant. Control panel is electrically connected to output of electric generator vertically installed on generator plant housing and mechanically coupled with exciter and power unit made in the form of vertical-shaft pneumostatic motor. The latter has sealed case with inlet, outlet, and safety valves closed with cover that accommodates vertical rotor mounted in case and cover bearings and made in the form of shaft with two power drives attached thereto by means of U-shaped frames. Power drives are installed on either side of vertical shaft and spaced 180 deg. apart in horizontal plane. Each of them has a number of similar members symmetrically mounted one on top of other, their quantity being dependent of desired power. Each member is essentially rhombic plate made of light-mass and high-strength metal whose longitudinal axis is longest diagonal parallel to that of other power drive. Through ducts are provided on front ends of rhomb and L-shaped blind ducts, on its rear butt-ends. All these ducts are closed with covers kinematically coupled with drive cylinder piston. Compressed air fed to sealed housing opens covers, and unbalanced forces are built up on each member which set power unit in rotary motion. Air evacuation from sealed housing closes covers with the result that no forces are built up on drive members.
EFFECT: enhanced power output and torque.
2 cl, 21 dwg