Filter, water filtering assembly including said filter
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to filter to be incorporated with waster filtering assembly. Water filtering assembly comprises filter of, mainly, a flat profile. Water filtering assembly comprises container for filtered water, intake funnel to be fitted in said container and to intake unfiltered water. This filter can be fitted in intake funnel for filtering of water fed therein. The filter makes the exit from intake funnel for filtered water to get into aforesaid container. The filter makes the intake funnel bottom and as a result water filtering goes over the entire intake funnel bottom. The filter comprises case with water intake and filtered water outlet. Note here that filtering medium is arranged between said intake and said outlet. Water filtering medium includes the ply of ion-exchange resin and ply of material filled with activated carbon. Note that said plies are separated in said case.
EFFECT: higher filtering rate.
22 cl, 6 dwg
The technical field to which the invention relates
The present invention relates to filters, to filter water, for example for filtering tap water to remove various contaminants. More specifically, the invention relates to a water filter with the water flow by gravity, providing filtration, thereby cleaning the water. The filter is intended for use, in particular but not exclusively, in home appliance of water filtration, such as a filter pitcher.
The level of technology
Ordinary water filters with water supply by gravity is presented in the form of cartridges filled with a mixture of granules of activated carbon and ion exchange resin with the consistency of sand or coffee grounds. Filter media removes sediment, bad taste, such as chlorine taste, hardness and other contaminants such as metal ions and pesticides. In General, ion-exchange resin reduces the hardness of water is caused by calcium ions and/or magnesium, while the granules of activated carbon reduces taste and/or smell of chlorine.
Conventional cartridge water filter has an elongated cylindrical profile, deep enough so that the pollutants can be absorbed by the filter medium for the time required by water to flow through the cartridge �of elytra. As the water flows through a filter medium she chooses the path of least resistance and pave their channels through the cartridge filter. However, educated thus the channels cause any pollution in the water that you want to catch, can seep through the filter cartridge together with the treated or purified water, as the water that flows through the channels, not in contact with the filter medium sufficient time, an effective treatment. Another disadvantage inherent in this type of filter cartridges is low filtration velocity. Another disadvantage is that small particles of coal from a mixture of granules of activated charcoal and ion exchange resins can, along with the filtered water to exit through the outlet of the cartridge filter.
In document EP 2277832 A1 describes a filter pitcher that can be used with various types of cartridges. A filter pitcher includes receiving funnel, which can take cartridges having different sizes and/or shapes. Charging hopper includes a removable insert, which reduces the effective area of the holes on the base in the admissions funnel, so that the receiving funnel, you can attach the cartridges in various sizes.
In document WO 2004/052789 A2 describes the cartridge Autonomous devices for filtered�I water such as a carafe or water jug. The cartridge contains a conventional filter medium consisting of granules of ion exchange and activated carbon. However, to minimize the channels in the filter medium and, thereby, to improve the filtration, the cartridge is arranged in the first and second passages in which the flow passes through a filter medium and which are directed in opposite directions.
Despite the fact that the disadvantage associated with the occurrence of channels in the filter media may have been minimized, but the decision in accordance with W0 2004/052789 A2 still has a low rate of filtration. Moreover, we have proposed a rather complex filter, which probably leads to a higher cost of cartridge.
Accordingly, as can be understood from the foregoing, there is a need for improvement in the field of water filters for home use.
Disclosure of the invention
The object of the present invention is to reduce at least some of the shortcomings inherent in the filter cartridge at the current level of technology.
An additional object of the present invention is to propose a filter for filtering water that produces filtered and purified water for a short time, i.e. to propose a filter for water with high speed�Yu filtering.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a device for the filtration of water containing a filter that allows to increase the ratio between the amount of filtered water and the total volume of the device, i.e., filter pitcher.
At least one of the above task is solved by means of the filter for use in a device for filtering water includes a housing having an inlet for receiving water to be filtered and an outlet for the issuance of filtered water. Between the input and output filter contains water environment. Filtering water environment contains the ion-exchange resin layer and the material layer is filled with activated carbon, and these layers are made as two separate layers, arranged in the housing.
When performing ion-exchange resin layer and a layer of material which is filled with activated carbon, in the form of two separate and distinct layers in the filter media, you can get a thin but effective filter. The relatively thin configuration of the filter, obtained by using two separate layers with a variety of filter media, allows to obtain a filter with a high rate of filtration.
Another advantage relating to a relatively thin configuration of the filter medium, is that now you can develop a filter elusive generally flat profile compared to the cartridges of the existing prior art, having an elongated cylindrical profile. In General, a flat profile filter leads to a funnel into which you insert the filter can be minimized, which, in turn, leads to an increase in the ratio between the amount of filtered water and the total volume of the device, i.e., filter pitcher.
The outcome has been determined, at least one of the tasks mentioned above.
In accordance with a variant implementation, the ion-exchange resin layer located over the layer of material, filled with activated charcoal. Moreover, under the layer of material, filled with activated coal, is a layer of nonwoven material.
At the initial stage of use of the filter, for example, when the filter is new, the first portion of the water passing through the ion exchange layer will be a drop in the pH of the filtered water. Therefore, in some cartridges at the current level of technology we recommend that the first few liters of water, filtered through a new cartridge, poured until then, until the pH is stabilized, and the cartridge is not soaked with water. In the present invention the material is filled with activated carbon, is located below, i.e., layer after ion-exchange resin. The material is filled with activated charcoal, by its nature alkalizes the filtered water. When you use a new fil�RA pH slightly decreases with the passage of the ion exchange layer, but then, after passing through a layer of material which is filled with activated carbon, again will rise to acceptable levels. Accordingly, at any time you can drink water filtered by the filter as described in this document variant implementation.
In accordance with another variant implementation, the filter housing contains a lid having at least one inlet, which forms the entrance of the housing. Moreover, on the cover surface is made of at least two sections, which are arranged with a slope to the outer peripheral portion of the cover.
The slope of the surface cover are stepped to the peripheral portion of the lid. Thus, water flows over the top and spread evenly. Improved distribution of water on the lid provides a good distribution of water through filter medium located under the cover. This, in turn, leads to the fact that the entire filter medium located under the lid, is used in its entirety.
In accordance with a variant implementation of the cap comprises a first portion in elevation view, located in the center of the lid, and this elevation has an inclined edge arranged to distribute water to the peripheral portion of the lid. On the downhill edge of the elevation on the lid made several inlets. Also cover contains� the second phase in the form of intermediate segment, surrounding the dais, and at this intermediate zone is provided by several inlets.
Thus, the water that should be filtered, can seep through the holes in the cover surface as the water passes to the peripheral portion of the cover of stepped inclined surface of the cover. With continuous distribution of water across the surface of the cover reduces the risk of formation of channels in the layer ion-exchange resins.
In accordance with a variant implementation, the filter housing contains a bottom in which is provided with holes forming an outlet from the housing. Moreover, the casing inlet is located above the outlet of the housing, so that the water that should be filtered, can pass through the filter medium under the action of gravity.
In another aspect, at least one of the aforementioned objectives is achieved by the device for filtering water containing the filter, for example, in accordance with the above variants of implementation. Device for filtering water includes a container adapted to hold filtered water, receiving funnel, adapted to set in a container, and to prevent unfiltered water. The filter is adapted to set in the admissions funnel for filtering water supplied � receiving funnel. The filter forms the output of the receiving funnel, through which the filtered water reaches the container, the filter forms a bottom of the receiving funnel so that the filtration water is going across the lower area of the admissions funnel.
Generally flat and elongated shape of the filter constituting the bottom of the admissions funnel, makes it possible to provide a device for the filtering of water with high ratio of filtered water to the total volume of the device for filtering water in comparison with other known devices. Accordingly, the charging hopper may be so arranged as to occupy less space in the container in comparison with filters-jugs existing level of technology. Moreover, a large front area of water contact with the filter also favors the increase in the rate of filtration.
In accordance with a variant implementation, the lid and the bottom of the filter essentially have the same area and in the reception area of the bottom of the funnel. Thus, the area provided by inlet holes, essentially equal to the area provided by the outlets. The constructive characteristic of the reception filter and the funnel facilitates the exit of the filter, which, thus, helps to improve, i.e. increase in the speed of filtration.
In accordance with a variant implementation, the device filter�Oia water includes cover, equipped with a damper that is arranged so as to give the water a chance to get into the receiving hopper through the hole in the lid. Moreover, the valve elastically installed to cover the hole. Moreover, the flap can be swung down from the hole in the receiving funnel so that between the cover and the flap angle is formed up to about 25°.
When the input water stream strikes the flap, it is deflected down into the hole in the lid to allow water to get into the receiving funnel. Thus, the flow of water against the flap, scatters and slows down. Multiple input stream water minimizes the risk of channels in the filter medium under the filter cover.
Further features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon reviewing the appended claims and the following description. Specialists in the field of technology it is clear that without deviating from the scope of the present invention defined by the appended claims, various features of the present invention can be combined to embodiments other than those described below.
Brief description of the drawings
Various aspects of the invention, including individual characteristics and advantages apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings.
Fig.1 is a view in PE�perspective of a filter in accordance with a variant implementation;
Fig.2 - bottom view of the filter of Fig.1;
Fig.3 is a side view of the filter of Fig.1;
Fig.4 is a schematic cross sectional view of the filter along the line a-A shown in Fig.3, showing the individual layers of filter media inside the filter;
Fig.5 - device filter water in accordance with a variant implementation, which can be used in the filter shown in Fig.1; and
Fig.6 is a sectional view of a device for filtering water according to Fig.5.
The implementation of the invention
Hereinafter the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which show exemplary embodiments of the implementation. However, it should not be assumed that the invention be limited options for implementation set out in this document. Describe the characteristics of the typical variants of implementation can be combined, which is understandable to experts in the field of technology to which the invention relates. Throughout the following description, where applicable, the same reference position used to denote similar elements, parts, items or features.
Fig.1 shows a filter 1 for water in accordance with a variant implementation. The filter comprises a housing 3 in which there is a filter medium (not shown). Filter housing, in General, has a flat Pramogu�first form with the side wall 7, bottom 9 and the lid 11. The filter is intended for use in the device filter water, for example in filter pitcher. Variant implementation of such a device 30 of water filtration is shown in Fig.5 and 6. When using water poured into the device filter water, and it passes through the filter installed in the device, and the filtered and purified water is collected in the bottom of the unit filter water. In the container for receiving unfiltered water made charging hopper, which is set in the filter.
Filter housing 1 will be further described relative to Fig.1-3. The side wall 7 is connected to the bottom 9, so that in case you can put a filter medium. To close the casing as a valve or the top cover made. Cover 11 is connected to the section 7a of the rim on the side wall 7. Plot 7a of the rim protrudes from the side wall approximately at a right angle. When the filter is installed in the device filter water, section 7a of the rim to seal against the inner wall of the receiving funnel. On the surface of the cover 11 of the housing 3 has a few holes 13A, 13b, 13c, 13d, forming the entrance of the housing, so that water can flow in the case where a filter medium. The cover 11 of the housing 3 is adapted to distribute water over the surface of the cover. The holes have different shapes and breakf�juxtaposed on the surface of the cover. Holes can be made in the form of direct 13A or curved slits 13b. They can also be made in the form of round, oval or rectangular holes 13c, 13d. Having different shape and dimensions of apertures arranged according to a scheme for optimizing the distribution of water on the cover surface.
The cover 11 may be divided into different parts or levels. In shown in Fig.1 and 3 embodiment of the surface cover has three different levels. The first level is a flat section or elevation 15. The elevation may be located on the cover surface in the center. At the elevation with inclined edges 15A, so that the water flows down from the dais to improve water access to the peripheral portion of the cover surface. The second level is an intermediate section 17, located below elevation 15. The intermediate section 17 with inclined edges 17A, so that the water continues to flow to the peripheral portion of the cover 11. The third level has the shape of a chute 19, made on the periphery of the cover. On the outer side of the chute 19 is limited by section 7a of the rim. Therefore, get a continuous flow of water on the lid. Water is distributed along the inlets 13a-d, in the cover 11.
The shape of the surface of the cover 11 with inlet ports 13a-d provides the distribution of water over the surface of roofs�and and its direction to the underlying filter media through the inlet of the housing, formed holes 13a-d. Moreover, the elevation 15 additionally lets out air bubbles are generated and/or captured in the filter medium. In the presence of elevation 15 between the filter medium and a lid formed space. The air bubbles can leave the filter medium and into the space formed under the hill. Then the air bubbles can enter through holes 13C in the downhill edge 15A of elevation 15.
The lid 11 is ring-shaped grip 21 of the housing 3. An annular capture can be used to simplify the removal of the filter when the time comes its replacement with a new one. During transportation and/or packaging ring-shaped grip 21 is folded and pressed against the surface of the cover. An annular grip can be secured in the folded position by engagement of the hook 23 extending from the cover surface. Ring-shaped grip 21 is connected to the cover 11 of the housing 3 by a hinge.
Fig.2 shows a bottom view of the water filter. The bottom 9 is a bottom plate, designed so that more water could pass through the filter. The bottom has holes 25 providing an output from the housing. The holes 25 may be round or oval. However, there is another form. The plurality of holes may be in�made so, so there is no obstruction to the water outlet. The holes 25 may occupy more than 50% of the total area of the bottom 9. In the depicted embodiment of the housing is empty, and therefore the cover 11 with inlet ports 13a-d are visible through the bottom. Arrangement of inlets 13a-d are focused on the distribution of water across the surface of the cover 11. The location of a plurality of the outlet openings 25 that are located close to each other, focused on the speed of the output stream of filtered water. The result is a filter for water with high speed of filtering.
Fig.4 on an enlarged scale schematically shows a filter medium 5 in accordance with the cross-section along the line a-A in Fig.3. It should be noted that the lid and the bottom of the housing is left outside of the diagram in Fig.4. Directly under the surface of the cover 11 of the housing is a grid 5A. The grid located above the ion-exchange layer 5b. Particles of ion-exchange layer can be smaller than the holes in the filter housing. During transportation and prior to use of ion-exchange layer is dry and is in powder form. Mesh keeps small particles of ion-exchange layer in place and prevents the release of any particles out of the housing through the inlet opening in the lid. Under ion-exchange layer 5b 5C is a layer of material, filled with activated charcoal. Layer mate�IALA, filled with activated coal, is a polyester sheet that is impregnated with activated charcoal. Under a layer of activated carbon is a layer 5d of nonwoven material.
Fig.5 shows the device 30 of water filtration in accordance with a variant implementation, which can be used filter 1 shown in Fig.1. The device 30 includes a container 31 for filtered water. The container is equipped with a handle 33 and may be covered with a lid 35. The cover has an inlet 37 for supplying water to be filtered into the container 31. The lid also has a hole 39 of the spout, so that filtered water can be poured from the container without removing the lid.
Fig.6 shows a device for filtering water shown in cross section. Charging hopper 41 is located in the container 31. In the admissions funnel is a filter 1 with a possibility of withdrawal. The filter is at the bottom of the receiving funnel. Thus, filtering can take place over the entire area of the bottom of the receiving funnel. Water that can be filtered and clean, it is poured through an inlet opening 37 in the cover 35, and it enters the receiving hopper. An inlet opening in the lid is equipped with a damper 43. Valve elastically installed to cover the hole.
When water is poured into the inlet and, thus, the valve 43, the flap from�lostatsea down to allow water to get into the receiving hopper 41. When the stream of water strikes the flap, the flap is deflected relative to the cover at an angle of about 20-25°. The flow of water, thus, when the valve 43 is dissipated. The water is distributed over the surface of the filter cover 1. Water seeps into a filter medium within the housing. Water passes through a filter medium, and flows into the container 31.
1. The filter (1), intended for use in the device (30) filter water and comprising a housing (3) having an inlet (13a-d) for receiving water to be filtered and an outlet (25) for the issuance of filtered water, and between the input and output contained filter medium (5), thus filtering the water environment (5) comprises a layer (5b) ion-exchange resin and a layer (5C) material filled with activated carbon, and these layers are made as two separate layers, arranged in the housing, moreover, the filter has a generally flat profile.
2. The filter according to claim 1, in which the layer (5b) of the ion exchange resin is located to the upper layer (5C) material filled with activated charcoal.
3. The filter according to claim 1, in which the layer (5d) nonwoven material is located under the layer (5C) material filled with activated charcoal.
4. The filter according to claim 2, in which the layer (5d) nonwoven material is located under the layer (5C) material filled with activated coal�.
5. Filter according to any one of claims. 1-4, in which the housing (3) of the filter contains the cover (11) having at least one inlet (13a-d), forming an inlet (13a-d) of the housing.
6. The filter according to claim 5, in which the cover (11) has at least two sections (15, 17, 19) which are arranged at a bias to the outer peripheral portion of the cover.
7. The filter according to claim 5, in which the cover (11) comprises a first section in the form of elevation (15) located in the center of the lid, and this elevation has an inclined edge (15A), made with the possibility of water distribution to the peripheral portion of the cover.
8. The filter according to claim 6, in which the cover (11) comprises a first section in the form of elevation (15) located in the center of the lid, and this elevation has an inclined edge (15A), made with the possibility of water distribution to the peripheral portion of the cover.
9. The filter according to claim 7, in which the inclined edge (15A) of elevation (15) in the lid has multiple inlet holes (13C).
10. The filter according to claim 8, in which the inclined edge (15A) of elevation (15) in the lid has multiple inlet holes (13C).
11. Filter according to any one of claims. 7-10, in which the cover (11) comprises a second section in the form of an intermediate section (17), ambient exaltation (15), wherein said intermediate portion has a multiplicity of holes (13A, 13b).
12. Filter according to any one of claims. 1-4, 6-10, in which the housing (3) filter name contains� (9), which is provided with holes (25), forming the outlet of the body.
13. The filter according to claim 5, wherein the housing (3) of the filter contains the bottom (9), which is provided with holes (25), forming the outlet of the body.
14. The filter according to claim 11, wherein the housing (3) of the filter contains the bottom (9), which is provided with holes (25), forming the outlet of the body.
15. Filter according to any one of claims. 1-4, 6-10, 13, 14 in which the inlet (13a-d) of the housing (3) is located above the outlet (25) of the housing, so that the water that should be filtered, can pass through a filter medium (5) under the action of gravity.
16. The filter according to claim 5, in which the inlet (13a-d) of the housing (3) is located above the outlet (25) of the housing, so that the water that should be filtered, can pass through a filter medium (5) under the action of gravity.
17. The filter according to claim 11 in which the inlet (13a-d) of the housing (3) is located above the outlet (25) of the housing, so that the water that should be filtered, can pass through a filter medium (5) under the action of gravity.
18. The filter according to claim 12, wherein the inlet (13a-d) of the housing (3) is located above the outlet (25) of the housing, so that the water that should be filtered, can pass through a filter medium (5) under the action of gravity.
19. The device (30) for filtering water containing the filter (1) having a generally flat profile, wherein the filtration device of water contains:
- the container (31), designed diafiltration water,
- receiving funnel (41), designed for installation in the container and for receiving unfiltered water, with filter (1) is made with possibility of installation in the receiving funnel for filtering water supplied into the receiving funnel, the filter forms the output of the receiving funnel through which filtered water enters the container, wherein the filter is at the bottom of the receiving funnel (41) so that the filtration water is over the entire area of the bottom of the receiving funnel, and the filter comprises a housing (3) having an inlet (13a-d) for receiving water, which must be filtered, and an outlet (25) for the issuance of filtered water, and between the input and output contained filter medium (5), thus filtering the water environment (5) comprises a layer (5b) ion-exchange resin and a layer (5C) material filled with activated carbon, and these layers are made as two separate layers, arranged in the housing.
20. The device according to claim 19, wherein the housing (3) of the filter contains the cover (11) having at least one inlet (13a-d), forming an inlet (13a-d) of the housing and the bottom (9) having openings (25), forming the outlet of the body, the lid (11) and the bottom (9) of the filter (1) having substantially the same area and in the lower region of the receiving funnel (41).
21. Device according to any one of claims. 19 or 20, which contains the cover (35), equipped with a damper (43), allowing water� to get into the receiving funnel (41) through hole (37) in the lid, in this case, the damper (43) is resiliently mounted on the cover (35) in the holes (37).
22. The device according to claim 21, in which the valve (43) has the ability to rotate down from the hole (37) in the receiving hopper (41), so that between the cover (35) and the valve angle is formed up to approximately 25°.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: desalination multistage adiabatic plant additionally comprises a thermosoftener (52) which serves for the generation of sludge particles in the feed water heated in a steam heater (26) and taken from a pipeline to supply the feed water to the inlet of a multi-stage adiabatic evaporator (4), as well as a two-section feed water receiver (76) to reduce supersaturation in the sea water being evaporated due to the usage of sludge particles as "seed crystals" in the supersaturated solution volume. The thermosoftener (52) comprises a perforated membrane (56) built-in in the casing (53) under the cover, a dome-shaped horizontal partition (61) installed with a gap in respect to the inner casing wall, vertical cylindrical shells, a manifold to withdraw the vapour (62) under the dome-shaped partition, a branch pipe for water withdrawal is united with the sludge particle removal and is mounted in the casing bottom, and the branch pipe for steam supply is built-in in the casing cover.
EFFECT: lower rate of scale formation on working surfaces of the plant elements.
2 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device and a method of detecting the quality of a liquid, which are used in water treatment devices. The detector "renders" the quality of water in the form of visible radiation instead of converting intensity of UV radiation into digital form and comprises a first detection window coated with a first material for converting first received UV radiation emitted by a UV source and transmitted through the liquid into first visible radiation. The device additionally mixes the first visible radiation with second visible radiation to produce third visible radiation. A different colour of the third visible radiation reflects different quality of water.
EFFECT: invention simplifies the device and method owing to absence of UV sensors in water, which detect UV intensity.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to combined magnetic processing of fluids. Proposed device comprises housing 1 connected via fluid feed and discharge pipes and magnetic unit 6 fitted therein and composed of the set of permanent magnets. Fluid flow channel is arranged between said magnetic unit 6 and housing 1 and composed of spiral with pitch ratio equal to six. The length of magnetic unit 6 is comparable with its diameter. Ferromagnetic washers 7 are fitted between three circular magnets of magnetic unit 6. Electromagnets 4 built around Helmholtz coils 5 with reactive power compensators are arranged at fluid feed and discharge pipes 2 and 3.
EFFECT: efficient magnetisation of fluid flow, ruled out permanent magnet effects.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water crystal cleaning of harmful admixtures including heavy isotopes of deuterium. Proposed device comprises case 11 to house riser 8 with two chambers 4, 1. The latter make inlets for portable water and heat carrier. Portable water chamber 4 is connected with inside of case 11 that has outlet at its bottom. Heat carrier chamber 1 is connected with inside of ribs 7 arranged in case 11 and combined by outlet. Outer surface of ribs 7 is wavy.
EFFECT: continuous formation of deuterium ice in portable water.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to steam fractions separators. Steam separator comprises vessel for boiling fluid with top section provided with circular horizontal ring with inner groove and hole for condensate. Several identical elements consist of vertical tubes with horizontal rings arranged at their lower part and like rings at upper part provided with grooves with holed for condensate draining. Note here that said elements are fitted one on the other while the last one at upper part is plugged.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to technology of processing water with ozone and can be used in systems of water supply of towns and settlements for decontamination of drinking water from surface water sources, in particular, with large seasonal fluctuations of water contamination, requiring up to sixfold change of ozone dose. Ozone-air mixture is supplied by steps with constant consumption at each step and change of ozone concentration in ozone-air mixture. Ratio of maximal consumption of ozone-air mixture at the last step to minimal at the first step is taken equal to not more than 2. Dimensions of ozone-air mixture bubbles is from 0.8 to 1.2 mm. Device for processing water with ozone contains system of preparation of dried and cooled air, providing its supply into ozone and ozone-air mixture generator onto disperser in steps, as well as three separate lines of similar dispersers.
EFFECT: group of inventions provides reduction of loss of ozone produced by generator, efficiency of produced ozone application not lower than 95%, increased accuracy of ozone dosing, increased reliability of installation functioning and its safety.
12 cl, 14 dwg, 6 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method of purifying waste water includes adding a natural zeolite to the water to be treated, mixing, settling and filtering. The natural zeolite used is a natural zeolite containing 50-60% clinoptilolite with particle size of 1.0-1.5 mm. Uniform mixing is carried out at a rate of 1-2 rps for 10-15 s and settling is carried out for 12-48 hours.
EFFECT: low content of heavy metal and ammonium ions when treating waste water below the maximum allowable concentration while enabling use of the treated water for crop irrigation.
1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, particularly to sea water desalination and can be used for purification of sweet water. Sweet water can be produced by evaporation and condensation of water vapours in costal areas and at sea platforms. Sea water desalination includes its evaporation and condensation of water vapour. Sea water is taken separately from top warm and cold bottom layers. Note here that warm water is forced to evaporation while cold water is used for condensation of water vapour resulted from heated sea water and atmospheric air.
EFFECT: lower power and metal input, higher efficiency of desalination.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to microbiological industry and can be used in biological purification of water and soil from oil and oil products. Claimed is consortium of strains of microorganisms Acinetobacter sp. VKM B-2753D and Ochrobacterium sp. VKM B-2754D, possessing nitrogenase activity.
EFFECT: consortium is capable of atmospheric nitrogen fixation and possesses high utilising ability with respect to oil and oil products with their high content in substrate.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: what is provided is heterogenic catalytic decomposition of process media containing oxalate ions having the concentration of 16-18 g/l (complexing agents (up to 2 g/l), surfactant (up to 50 mg/l)) and nitric acid (up to 60 g/l) on a platinum catalyst applied on anion exchange resin VP-1AP (0.05-2 wt % of platinum). The effect is achieving a degree of decomposition of oxalate ions, complexing agents, surfactants up to 99.9%, in the residual concentrations - less than 10 mg/l in oxalate ions and less than 1 mg/l in complexing agent (EDTA, Trilon B) and surfactant (sulphonol).
EFFECT: improving the characteristics.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: filtering module (versions) of device for liquid purification consists of two work zones and at least one fixing means. First work zone is made with openings for liquid input and air outflow. Second work zone is filled with filler and equipped with output opening in base. Module is made in assembly with third work zone, which contains a type of filler. In accordance with the second version first work zone of filtering module contains filler.
EFFECT: increase of filtering module functional abilities, ensuring effective purification of water with the following introduction of mineral substances into water which is being filtered and filtered water.
29 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to drinking water filters, mainly, of gravity type pitcher filters to be used at home. Filter module comprises inlet filter and case filled with filter material, preferably, sorption and softening material, and outlet filter at its bottom. This module ensures optimum water column pressure difference compensation in said case filled with filter material during the entire service life. This allows fluid flows from inlet filter through maximum efficient depth of filter material mainly at a time in lengthwise and crosswise directions to outlet filter. Distance L from any point of fouled fluid inlet to module case via inlet filter to whatever closest point of purified outlet via outlet filter depends on the filter material height H. L should be at least 5% and not over 50% of H, preferably, at least 8% and not over 35%.
EFFECT: higher filtration rate and filter efficiency.
105 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: filtering chuck consists of successively connected: unit of supply of water to be purified, which includes casing with radial slots and is equipped with fastening device; filtering unit, made in form of hollow cylinder, with meshes placed on its base and provided with mixture of granulated adsorbing components and layer of nonwoven filtering fabric; unit of purified water output, made in form of funnel with blunt angle and opening in the middle. Filtering unit contains upper polymer container, which adjoins from internal side mesh in the upper part of filtering unit, containing granulated inorganic fluorine-containing material, after which along liquid flow placed is polymeric container, which contains inorganic calcium-containing composite. Both cylinders are hermetically fastened on internal wall of hollow cylinder and made with openings along liquid flow. Mixture of granulated adsorbing components contains granulated catalytic charge based on natural zeolite, covered with manganese dioxide, and magnesium-containing ion-exchanging material.
EFFECT: effective water purification and its enrichment with necessary calcium, magnesium and fluorine ions.
6 cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: filtration device consists of two working zones, at least, one restraint of, at least, one adjusting element. The upper working zone is provided with a possibility of adjusting the value of hardness of liquid to be filtered during the whole life period in the form of a container with the inner space filled with filtration material provided with two groups of distributors of flows of liquid to be filtered. The adjusting element corresponds to a passage provided in the upper working zone and a restraint valve interconnected with it in the process of liquid filtration.
EFFECT: ensuring uniform softening of the liquid to be filtered during the whole life period of device operation with simultaneous retention of the liquid to be filtered.
15 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sorption treatment of water. The apparatus has a chamber, having an inlet and outlet for a liquid stream and a sorbent element which is hydrodynamically linked to the inlet and the outlet. The chamber is a composite column with a funnel, wherein the connecting parts of the top part of the column enter its bottom part. The structure is fastened by rods and bolts, and is connected to a receiving device fitted with a pump. The sorbent element is a removable cartridge with sorbent material which is placed inside the chamber and is supported by a grid. The method of preparing the sorbent material involves cutting discs from polyurethane, washing, drying and successively saturating the matrix with chemicals to form in the matrix a mixture of iron oxyhydroxide and manganese (IV) dioxide in ratio of 5:1.
EFFECT: high efficiency of concentrating elements from water and easier use of the apparatus.
2 cl, 4 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment devices, intended, particularly, to drinking water purification and may be used at home, in country houses, at service facilities. Proposed device incorporates air injection device, crude water intake container, purified water intake container, and replaceable filtration module filled with filtration material. Device may maintain surplus pressure of air above crude water level during the entire filtration cycle. It incorporates automatic appliance to control air feed in filtration conditions communicated with crude water intake container via pressure branch pipe provided with pressure control valve. Said appliance comprises air pump, control unit, power supply, fluid level pickup and, at least, one feedback appliance.
EFFECT: accelerated filtration, better purification.
19 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment, primarily, drinking water treatment, and may be used in household conditions, medicine, etc. Filtration module consists of a top part comprising cover with at least one water inlet and air outlet, and bottom part made up of a case filled with filtration material, and bottom with at least one outlet. Module bottom part features filtration variable section in crosswise and axial directions that ensure pressure differential and shaped bottom comprising base, at least two sidewalls inclined to module central axis, and at least one top surface extending toward said cover and provided with at least one outlet. Water cleaner comprises intake vessel for fluid to be cleaned, cleaned water vessel, and above described filtration module.
EFFECT: higher rate and efficiency of filtration.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drinking water treatment. Proposed filtration module comprises container with filler, cover and inlet filter with its edges secured to its base arranged along container edges. Inlet filter incorporates appliances for air outflows from container and is made up of two elements made from hard material, fitted one into another and locked with a gap. At least, one of said elements has base. Surfaces of filter elements are provided with water feed appliances displaced relative to each other. In compliance with first version, walls of components form convex shape with camber facing one side of said base. up or down. In compliance with second version, said walls form, on one side of said base the camber at container center and, on base opposite side, the ledge running along the container edges. In compliance with third version, inlet filter incorporates appliances to force air from the filter and represents a reticulate material arranged on rigid convex carcass with its edges secured along perimetre toward the base and facing one side of said base, i.e. up or down.
EFFECT: better water filtration due to efficient operation of inlet filter.
47 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to gas-and-liquid media purification and can be used in metallurgy, construction, food, chemical and other industries. The filter includes two basic elements: a casing with nozzle for working fluid inlet and outlet and working fluid sediment drain and a filter cartridge contained therein. The filter cartridge consists of the outer and the inner permeable shell with butt-end bottoms; the hollow cavity between the shells contains a layer of granular filtering material. On the outer surface in the upper part of the filter carriage a rigidly mounted spherical damper is installed that bearing against the cartridge surface. Not the whole volume of the filter cartridge is filled with the granular material; 10-20% of the total cartridge volume is empty. In the cartridge lower part a hollow box is mounted, its upper part bearing against the filter cartridge surface; in the cartridge lower part resting on the casing there are holes arranged. In the cartridge butt-end parts there are axles mounted on the casing butt-end covers. One of the axles is hollow, communicating with the inlet nipple while the other axle projects outside; via the latter axle the cartridge rotation is provided for.
EFFECT: continuous operation of the filter, improved reliability and efficiency of removal of finely dispersed particle contaminations from gas-an-liquid media.
FIELD: treatment facilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for removing suspended particles, organic substances, heavy metal ions from industrial and domestic liquids. The filter comprises a vertical cylindrical removable casing connected by a clamp or a flange joint to one of the several unified distributors. There are two pipes and one filtering element that form communicating volumes inside the casing; the element is made as two vertical cylindrical holed bowls shifted in respect to the cartridge axle, without holes in the upper part. Filtering material is set between the bowls for 0.75-0.95 of the volume. Holes on the upper end face of the casing are matched with the distributor branch pipes connecting two casing openings to the first main channel for the supply of the liquid being purified, the pipes' outlets - to the second channel for the washing liquid supply, one of the three openings at the frame top - to the third channel for the washing liquid withdrawal; opening of the axial channel - to the fourth main channel for the pure liquid withdrawal. The channels are placed at different levels lowering from the first channel to the fourth one. Discharge and intake branch pipes are provided for in the filter design.
EFFECT: high treatment efficiency without pressure equipment, unconditioned composition of cartridges set in one assembly, fitting at the working areas in out-of-the way places or in places with limited space.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: production of replaceable filters for water or drinks.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with replaceable filters for water or drinks used in devices for issue of water, water with ice, soda water with a syrup, or other drinks. The filtrating unit includes in essence a repeatedly reprocessed replaceable filter located inside a container under pressure. The replaceable filter under the invention contains in essence the walls not bearing pressures with exclusion of a neck bearing a pressure, which is adapted to withstand high pressures preferably within the range from about 500 psi from the inside. Walls of the replaceable filter, which are not capable to withstand considerable intrinsic pressure, are surrounded from the outside with a container under pressure. The replaceable filter under the invention is not required to be compacted in relation to a container being under pressure, as the neck of the replaceable filter protrudes outside from the container under pressure for sealing directly with a filtering head. The replaceable filter preferably includes a fast detachable mechanism to provide fast and non-destroying access to the inside elements and to the replaceable filter. The technical result is a decrease of costs and reduced pollution of the environment created by the replaceable filter.
EFFECT: the invention ensures decreased costs and reduced pollution of the environment.
25 cl, 13 dwg