Method of desalinisation of heavy saline lands
SUBSTANCE: for desalination of heavy saline lands, water is supplied to the desalinisation site, the slits 3 are cut, the irrigation pipes 6 with droppers 7 are placed along the central axis of the inter-slit bands, the inter-slit bands are covered with waterproof screens. Then the wash water is fed through the droppers 7, the soil with salt is moved from the walls of the slits 3 at their bottom after the termination of washing, and the slits 3 are poured. Before cutting the slits 3 the deep loosening 2 is carried out. The slits 3 are cut with a bias of the bottom towards the collector and matched with it. Along the central axis of the inter-slit bands the troughs 5 are formed by compacting, in which the pipes 6 with droppers 7 are placed. After moving to the bottom of the slits 3 of soil with salt they are poured first with gravel as the layer of 0.2-0.3 m, then with sand of the field surface. Then, the site surface is levelled and ploughing is carried out with the formation of the arable layer.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of desalination of heavy saline lands with minimal cost of water, diversion of excess precipitation with removal of salts beyond the desalinisation site.
The present invention relates to the field of agriculture and will be used for restoring fertility of heavy saline land.
A characteristic feature of these lands are heavy granulometric composition and high degree of saturation of the soil toxic salt ions that have a dampening effect on plants. In addition, these lands have low permeability and in a moist condition is difficult passable for agricultural machinery, which does not allow to cultivate agricultural crops.
The known method of leaching of heavy saline land through reclamation system. This method includes a bookmark deep subsurface drainage, cutting power and drainage network and system of cracks. In the washing process to the area supplying water to completely fill the cracks and washed with a layer of soil, then water with dissolved salts removed in subsurface drainage (Ed. St. USSR №1358848, IPC A01G 25/00, 1987, BI No. 46).
The disadvantage of this method is the cost of large amounts of water (15-20 thousand m3/ha).
The closest present invention is a method of desalinization of the soil, including supply to assalaamu water phase, cutting cracks, formation of ridges, placing them on the pipes with droppers, shelter of mishelevka prostranstvennom, the source of water, the offset from the walls of the crevices of the soil with salt after washing to the bottom of the slit, forming above it waterproof screen and filling the cracks with soil (Patent RF №2273693, IPC EV 13/00, 10/04, 2006). Application of this method allows more than halve the cost of water to rinse.
The disadvantages of this method are the lack of efficiency of desalting heavy lands due to the low filtration rate and the risk of secondary salinization in the gradual destruction of the waterproof layer over the buried salts.
To eliminate the mentioned disadvantages allows the proposed method for the desalting of heavy saline land, including the water supply to rasaleela the plot, cutting slots, the placement along the Central axis of mislevy bands irrigation pipes with droppers, the shelter of mislevy strips waterproof screens, the flow of wash water through a dropper, moving soil with salt from the walls of the slits on the bottom after the termination of the flushing and filling of cracks, which according to the invention on rasaleela the area before cutting slits produce deep ripping, slits cut into the slope of the bottom toward the manifold and match with him, along the Central axis of mislevy bands formed by sealing the hollow which is placed the irrigation drobopro�dy with droppers, and after you move to the bottom of the crevices of the soil they are covered with salt first gravel layer 0.2-0.3 m, then sand until the surface of the field, after which the ground is level and produce plowing with the formation of the plow layer.
New positive result from the application of the proposed method consists in loosening the soil increases its permeability, compaction of excavations for laying pipelines with droppers provides for the formation of capillary movement of moisture by capillary pores with salt on the walls of the cracks. Slot filling gravel eliminates capillary rise of salts to the surface. However, the gravel and sand layers provide abstraction to the collector of precipitation, which are dissolved and carried the buried salt from the bottom of the cracks, preventing the wetting layer of washed soil and significantly reduces the risk of secondary salinization.
The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 is a perspective view Rossolimo plot in plan, Fig.2 - cut slits in the washing process, Fig.3 - section cracks after completion of the work.
The proposed method for the desalting of heavy saline soils is as follows.
On rasaleela site 1 produces deep loosening of soil, forming a loosened layer 2. Then produce cutting slits 3 on HL�Bina 1.5-2.0 m over the distance of 2-3 m and match them with the collector 4. The bottom of the slit 3 has a slope toward the reservoir 4. Along the Central axis of mislevy seal strips form a trough 5, the bottom of which lay irrigation pipes 6 with droppers 7 connected to the inlet line 8. The surface of mishelevka space served by the watertight screen 9, the edges of which are fastened along the edges of the slits 3.
After completing installation of the system to produce the water supply to assalaamu section 1 of the power conduit 8 on the irrigation pipeline 6 through a drip 7. Water enters the compacted surface of the trough 5 and together with dissolved salts is transferred by capillary pores in the direction of the greatest evaporation, namely the walls of the slits 3. Simultaneously, the moisture evaporates under the screen 9, is condensed on its inner surface and flowing down to the bottom of the trough 5, is involved in the process of moving salts on the walls of the slits 3. Upon completion of the flushing water flow is stopped, the screens 9 and the piping 6 with droppers 7 is removed from the surface of the area 1. Salt deposited on the walls of the slits 3, move to the bottom, forming a layer 10. On top of this layer poured the gravel layer 11 with a thickness of 0.2-0.3 m, sufficient to rupture of capillaries, and the sand layer 12 to the top of the slits 3. Then, on the site make leveling and plowing with the formation cassolnovo plow layer.
Izbat�to precipitation, the drop during the growing season and in autumn-winter period, percolates through the sandy layer 12, gravel 11 and flows along the bottom of the slots 3 in the collector 4, and from there into the receiving water. During the movement of this water dissolves salts in the layer 10 and disposing of them off-site 1.
Thus, the proposed method enhances the efficiency of desalting heavy saline land with minimum amounts of water, disposal of excess precipitation to remove salts outside Rossolimo plot.
Method of desalting of heavy saline soils, including water supply for rasaleela the plot, cutting slots, the placement along the Central axis of mislevy bands irrigation pipes with droppers, the shelter of mislevy strips waterproof screens, the flow of wash water through a dropper, moving soil with salt from the walls of the slits on the bottom after the termination of the flushing and filling of cracks, characterized in that rasaleela the area before cutting slits produce deep ripping, slits cut into the slope of the bottom toward the manifold and match with him, along the Central axis of mislevy bands formed by sealing the hollow in which are laid irrigation pipes with droppers, and after you move to the bottom of the crevices of the soil they are covered with salt first gravel layer 0.2-0.3 m, then sand until the surface of the p�La, then the ground is level and produce plowing with the formation of topsoil.
SUBSTANCE: water outlet comprises the inlet 1 and transit 2 channels, associated with water intake gallery, having the water inlet opening in the upper part, covered with grid 11. Grid 11 also covers the V-shaped threshold 10, which separates the sediments before the bottom slot of gallery into coarse fractions. The side walls of the supply channel 1 are provided with guide elements with possibility of their displacement towards the threshold. Guide elements are designed with L-shaped vertical walls 13 with shelves 14, placed above the bottom of the supply channel 1. The lower edges of vertical walls are installed relative to the bottom of the inlet channel 1 with gap. Gallery is made with intake portal in the form of tube, the upper part of the case of which with oblique cut 6 is located above the slotted hole of the gallery. Due to the fact that the cross-section portal of tube with the inlet portion 5 is located slightly above the bottom of the chamber, the water flow to the discharge pipeline is increased, and flow regime through the portal into the transit channel 2 occurs without splashing and all sediments go down. In the presence of bending, the flow speed profile is more uniform in the pipeline, which reduces the tendency of flow separation from the inner curved wall and reduces the energy losses along the length of the pipeline, caused by the vortex turbulence. Pressure losses in the inlet portion at the presence of tubular portion, curved in three dimensions, as in the outlet portion of the pipeline, are reduced.
EFFECT: construction of water outlet as a whole provides its protection against the sediments, as well as in case of the absence of water inlet and simplification of the design at the increased discharge capacity, besides the length of the discharge pipeline is reduced respectively.
2 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises preparation of a field ditch and an irrigation furrow with opening the shoulder of the field ditch, into the shoulder of the field ditch a plastic bottle with the volume of 1.5-2 litres with a truncated bottom at the height of 3 cm is placed, the bottom is placed in the cut place of the bottle with the reverse side, the bottom serves as the means of water start and turning off the water flow into the irrigation furrow, and at low flow rates of water the start and turning off the water after finishing watering is carried out by the bottle lid.
EFFECT: simplification of the method and improvement of the quality of irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: water divider includes supply (2) and transit (3) channels, control gates and bottom well (1) with division walls (8-10) located in it and provided with horizontal caps (11-13) in the upper part dividing the well into chambers. Bottom well (1) is provided with L-shaped caps (15-18), the flange of which faces downwards, which are arranged in each chamber and attached to the middle part of the chamber wall opposite to a horizontal cap. Division walls (8-10) have water-carrying slot-shaped openings (20-22) covered from above with horizontal flanges (23-25) and from below with horizontal flanges (26-28) respectively. Water outlet slot-shaped holes (20-22) are arranged in series opposite L-shaped caps (15-17). The upper part of division walls (8-10) has fractures (29-31) in a vertical plane with specified angles functionally depending on a value of water intake with each chamber of bottom well (1). Surface areas of inlet openings of chambers increase in flow direction above well (1). Each chamber of bottom well (1) has cone-shaped bottom (32-35) directed with a convex in an upward direction. Well (1) with chambers arranged in it is connected to an outlet channel by means of a water-jet damping well. Operating efficiency is improved due to stabilisation of discharged consumption and carrying capacity is increased in a mode of free flow at a wave structure of a flow.
EFFECT: formation of a stable hydraulic jump is provided; with that, spreading of a common jet in an outlet channel is maintained.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: drainage-humidification system comprises a supply 1 and a discharge 2 closed irrigation pipelines interconnected with water distribution executive unit. The water distribution executive unit consists of a vertical pipe 3 mounted on the supply pipeline 1 and the working chamber 4 of pressure with separation from it by the membrane 5 with the rod 6. The water distribution executive unit, the valve gear 19, the container 24 with the float 23, and the rotary valve 44 with the control pipeline are located in series. The cavity 11 of the chamber 4 is connected via the hydraulic pipeline 64 provided with a valve 65, with the switch 27, the shank of which is fixed pivotally with one end of the lever 50 to the rod 22. Movement of the upper lever 50 is limited by the upper stop 58, and the lower lever 51 - by the lower stop 59 above and below the threshold level in the storage container 24. The valve gear 19 is made in the form of a cylinder and has a double piston 20 which is pivotally coupled to the rod 22 of the float actuator. The valve gear 19 is connected to the supply irrigation pipeline 1 through the control pipeline 34 to the valve 35 and is respectively connected to the manifold 42 with drains-humidifiers 43. The storage container 24 with a siphon 28 communicates through the rotary valve 44 to the control pipelines 31, 34, respectively, with valves 32, 35 and with the supply pipeline 1.
EFFECT: system enables to create closed automated systems in land reclamation, to save water resources, to obtain the necessary productivity of agricultural products with the effective use of land.
6 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of hydraulic engineering, in particular, to methods for determination of water losses from irrigation ditches. The method consists in arrangement of an insulated compartment in a ditch, comprising two polymer water impermeable links, which for the time of determination of filtration losses are closed into slots on the bottom of the ditch at the distance of 30÷50 m, with subsequent hydraulic insulation of joint areas. Maintenance of polymer water impermeable links in the stable position is carried out with the help of a metal polymer rope pulled into open holes in the upper part of links and fixed to coastal anchors. To reduce impact in process of measurements of external factors, on top between water impermeable links there is a tent pulled from light impermeable polymer film. Measurement of water level in the compartment is carried out in special pockets fixed at the outer side to links and communicating with an insulated compartment with the help of three rows of holes in upper, middle and lower parts. For measurement of water level each pocket is equipped with a portable needle level metre (point-gauge) with a vernier scale division price of 0.1 mm, which is fixed on the metal stand, installed in the upper part of the slope above the measured water level.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of measurement of water losses for filtration from channels with anti-filtration lining.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of ecology, environment protection and rational nature management and can be used for purification of river water, climate regulation in drought and also contributes to creation of a reserve of fresh water for the economic and social needs of the population. The essence of the technical solution is that the water reservoirs with the depth of 2.5-3 m, the width of 120-150 m, the length of 250-280 m, the surface area of water of 3-3.5 ha are formed in interstream areas on the river banks at a distance of 150-200 m from the mainstream. The water reservoirs are connected to the river bed by input and take-out channels. At the bottom of the water reservoirs the zeolite-containing clay - irlites are placed with the layer of 10-15 cm.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce the level of pollution of river waters, to create optimal climatic conditions for human living, flora and fauna, the sustainable development of coastal ecosystems and the whole lowland interfluvial landscapes, while simultaneously providing reserve of ecologically clean fresh water for domestic, household and other needs of the population.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecology and soil science. The method of assessment of degradation degree of industrial landscape in chemical contamination provides the analytical determination of the total number of the chemical pollutant element, the quantity of chemical pollutant element being in the mobile form in soil of the industrial landscape, and, separately, geographically conjugated unpolluted landscape. A procedure of assessment of pollution of the landscape is proposed, consisting of three stages: normalisation of industrial landscape pollution and geographically conjugated unpolluted landscape; determination of the ratio of pollution standard of industrial landscape and the pollution standard of geographically conjugated unpolluted landscape; determination of the degree of degradation of industrial landscape on the ratio of pollution standards under the proposed nonlinear scale of degradation degree of industrial landscape.
EFFECT: proposed method in practical use enables to improve the reliability of detection of degradation degree of industrial landscape in case of chemical pollution.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: weed plants are preliminarily mowed in discharge canal to water level and is left to dry. After drying reed and rush plants are selected. Selected plants are used as sorbent. Filtering cassette net of cassette-holding device is filled with sorbent. Sorbent-containing device is fixed in discharge canal bed in monolithic manner and drainage outflow is passed through it. Plant mowing and replacement of filtering cassette are carried out when rice plant passes from one vegetation stage into another.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve reclamation state of soil and ecological situation on rice fields due to reduction of suffusion and removal of nutrients from soil.
2 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a supply 1 and a transit 2 channels, coupled with a water-receiving chamber, a draining pipeline with a flat gate in its inlet part and a dirt-collecting lattice 9. At the inlet of the water-receiving chamber there is a wall face. The wall face is made on top with a hollow pipe 8, having air outlet holes 10, connected by flexible hoses 12 with perforated tubes 13, separated on a garbage protection device in the form of the lattice 9. Perforated pipes are fixed on the lattice 9 at the side of the flat gate that closes the inlet hole of the draining pipeline. Perforated pipes 13 are connected to a source of compressed air supplied momentarily with a compressor 14, connected with a time relay 16, along an air duct 15 into a hollow pipe 8.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of operation of a device on channels with high inclinations and prevented clogging of a lattice.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proportionate water separator includes a supply channel 1 and a drain channel 2, where an elastic partition 3 is installed, equipped along the external contour with a rigid belt in the form of a movable shell 4, fixed on top to a flow divider in the form of a vertical plate 5 as capable of interaction with it along the drain channel axis. The bottom of the drain channel is coupled with the bottom of the supply channel in the form of a drop. The supply channel is coupled with a distribution chamber 6 expanded in plan of rectangular cross section. The distribution chamber 6 by its other end is installed on top onto boards of the drain channel in the form of a cantilever part with a gap in a coupling unit relative to the bottom of the drain channel and with coverage of the upper part of the throughput section to the specified channel. On the opposite wall of the drain channel board there is a vertical wall 7 of the chamber 6 fixed rigidly. The bottom of the distribution chamber 6 is equipped with a board - a threshold 9 in front of a vertical plate 5, facing the flow with reverse inclination. The flow divider is made as composite of the vertical plate 5 with a central hole installed on the horizontal axis, a movable shell 4, capable of horizontal-reciprocal displacement along the axis of the drain channel within the limits of the working position along width of the cantilever part of the chamber. At the same time the ratio of the length to the width of the board - the threshold makes at least 1 with the angle of inclination 10…15° relative to the bottom of the distribution chamber.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of water separation by reduction of forces for displacement and control of speed structure of a flow in a water separation zone.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises grinding slaughter tankage, rotary subsurface mechanical treatment using the ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5 and its mechanical drive in the form of a rotary milling chisel plough 6, the distribution of pulp from slaughter tankage and water in the soil in the process of its rotary subsurface loosening. For disposal of slaughter tankage, it is ground to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixed with water or water containing disinfectant, in the ratio of 1:3-1:5. Then the formed pulp is applied in the soil to a depth of 30-80 cm. The soil is ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm and mixed with the pulp in a ratio of 1:6-1:20. Then the upper layer of soil is treated on the trace of passing of the rotary milling chisel plough 6 with the disinfectant.
EFFECT: increase in the degree of processing of slaughter tankage, accelerated decomposition of disposed biological material in the soil, improvement of soil fertility.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of environmentally friendly bioconversion of superfine metallurgical industry wastes containing heavy metals comprises creation of mixtures based on sand, metallurgical sludge, peat and calcium carbonate for growing plants, and for bioconversion the plants of fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L.), large-flowered flax (Linum grandiflorum), sweet corn (Zea Mays) and rapeseed (Brassica napus) are used.
EFFECT: invention enables to simplify the technology of obtaining organo-mineral fertilisers for agriculture in the process of biological recovery of metal production wastes.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the reclamation of sludge pits, production of artificial earth mixtures based on drilling sludge and can be used in the mining and oil-producing industries. The method consists in the subsequent collection of liquid oil, then, bituminised oil from water surface of the pit, pumping-out of a water phase from the pit, creation of cutting backfills, collection of the bituminised oil from the surface of the drilling sludge, collection of the bituminised oil, oil sludge and oil-contaminated soil from the diking surface of the drilling sludge pit, mixing of the obtained drilling sludge with peat and sand in the following ratio, vol %: drilling sludge not more than 75.0, peat not less than 18.0, sand not less than 7.0, at the total content of the components, which is equal to 100 vol % in the volumes providing the obtainment of soil performing a function of soil-forming rock, with further quality control of the soil, reinforcement of its surface, creation of a fertile layer and by planting; with that, the total volume value of the soil performing the function of the soil-forming rock, volume of a material for the creation of cutting strips, volume of a material for the reinforcement of the soil surface, volume of a material for the creation of the fertile layer is chosen based on the equality or non-exceedance of the volume of the drilling sludge pit.
EFFECT: obtaining the soil performing the function of the soil-forming rock - a component of natural environment, which has improved quality characteristics.
2 cl, 7 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: electrolyser-neutraliser of dissociated contaminations contains pipe casing out of current conducting material and electrodes installed in the casing and connected to source of alternating multiphase current. The casing is made of segments adjoining to each other with creation of the tubular element. The tubular element internal surface at input has constriction, and at output has diffuser. The electrodes are installed in sectors or between sectors in direction of the cleaned flow movement. Sectors are tied up by end cone inserts.
EFFECT: increased productivity due to flowing cleaning of contaminants, simplified replacement of electrodes depending on type of the neutralised wastes.
SUBSTANCE: in the method after the preliminary collection of oil from the soil surface, perennial herbal plants resistant to oil-contamination are sown in the oil-contaminated soil simultaneously with the introduction of microorganisms-oil destructors in the form of a solution of a biological product comprising microorganisms-oil destructors with mineral fertilisers.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the cleaning efficiency due to the involvement in the processes of biodegradation of oil-contamination of the wider spectrum of petroleum hydrocarbons and to accelerate the process of the soil recovery.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises undercutting of contaminated topsoil, throwing to the bottom of the furrow and piling it with an uncontaminated layer. The contaminated soil layer is undercut by the soil tillage body of a scraper type and moved aside to form a ridge, and the uncontaminated soil fertile layer is opened. The open uncontaminated soil layer is undercut by the combined working body and lifted to the conveyor without the layer overturning. The soil layer is transported first up, then down, leaving a passage for the contaminated layer undercut by the lateral working body of a scraper type under the ridge of the contaminated layer formed by the first working body, and together they are moved to the bottom of the furrow. Then the contaminated soil layer is compacted and closed with the uncontaminated layer passing down from the conveyor. After that the soil is levelled and compacted to the operating width of the device. The device comprises a rectangular frame, support wheels, a mechanism of attachment to the tractor and the working bodies. The first and the lateral working bodies are made of a scraper type. The device also has a combined working body composed of two arranged towards each other rigidly interconnected working bodies of the mouldboard type plough. The total mouldboard part of the combined working body is made truncated in the form of a trough. Behind the combined working body there is a conveyor with ascending, horizontal and descending parts, having a drive of PTO of the traction unit through the power shaft, a reducer and a chain drive. Behind the conveyor a pusher is mounted for levelling the surface of the field after the passage of the device and a packing roller, which is a support one in the transfer of the device to the transport position by the hydraulic cylinder attached to the median longitudinal bar of the frame.
EFFECT: improving the quality of treatment of soil contaminated with radionuclides and heavy metals by avoiding mixing of the contaminated and uncontaminated soil layers in the process of their moving.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises pasturing by animals, destroying of not eaten, harmful and poisonous plants, levelling animal excrement, and removal of uneaten residues by harrows and rakes, fertiliser application, as well as creation of tree and shrub shelterbelts. At that on the area intended for hayfields and pastures area after pasturing by animals the fertilisers are initially applied, and then the uneaten plants are destroyed, tilting them and applying herbicide by method of smearing it on their biomass, including stems and lower surface of leaves. Harrowing and treatment the grass with rake is carried out after the start of regrowth of plants eaten by animals. The device comprises a reservoir for the herbicide, as well as a pump for feeding it to the tubular perforated rods with means for application of the herbicide to the plants. The perforated rods are mounted behind each other in parallel with the ability of horizontal and vertical displacement, and the device for application of the herbicide to the plants is made in the form of capillary cloth located between the pressure plates and attached on the perforated parts of the said rods which are connected and framed with the cloth and placed in the tubular casings with longitudinal slots through which the cloth is passed, compressed by the pressure plates fixed on the edges of the slots. And the perforated tubular rods are communicated with each other by the hose, at that the inlet end of the front tubular rod is connected to the pump and the outlet end of the rear rod through the drainage tube with the valve - with a reservoir for the herbicide to form a flow regulated system. Furthermore, the perforated tubular rods and their casings are attached to the frame, mounted on the propellers, with freedom of vertical and horizontal displacement.
EFFECT: inventions enable to simplify the technology of creation of forage land on fallow lands with simultaneous formation of tree-shrub belts.
6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental conservation technologies, cutting-edge agricultural technologies and chemistry of organosilicon compounds and can be used to restore the structure of disturbed soils by stabilising water-stable aggregate. In particular, the present invention employs water-soluble humic silanol derivatives that are modified in a special way to endow them with the capacity to be irreversibly sorbed on surfaces of mineral particles and other hydroxyl-containing carriers. Humic derivatives are added to the degraded soil in form of aqueous solutions.
EFFECT: method for use in agricultural technologies includes using humic derivatives as structure-forming agents (soil ameliorants) by via attachment thereof to the surface of soil aggregates in order to endow the latter with water-stable properties.
8 cl, 11 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of environmental protection and can be used in the rectification of the consequences of the oil spill on the soil. The method consists in mixing the oil-contaminated soil, spread over the surface of freshly ploughed uncontaminated field with the thickness layer from 1/10 to 1/6 of the ploughing depth, to the full depth of ploughing using the tiller several times.
EFFECT: invention enables to restore oil-contaminated soil without application of additional neutralising foreign substances and reagents.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: for biorecycling of oil sludge and oil production and processing waste by means of soil populating with natural black-soil-forming organisms a mixture is prepared with an initial composition of 26-30% of oil sludge, 26-30% of liquid oil sludge and the remaining part of organic domestic waste and/or saw dust, the mixture is infused within 20-24 hours at a temperature of 20-25°C for further populating with earthworms of the first generation, the mixture is withhold within 17-30 days till the earthworms of the second and third generations appear for the purpose of the sludge-contaminated soil treatment. The earthworms of the second and third generations grown in a hothouse conditions by adaption of the earthworms of the first generation to the above mixture are introduced to the contaminated soil. At that introduction of the earthworms of the second and third generations is made at a volume ratio of soil and the mixture equal to 10-15:1.
EFFECT: improving efficiency of the contaminated soils treatment.
SUBSTANCE: in the method the mechanical removal of the top grass layer of a lawn with the organic material to the sand is performed, 10% hydrogen peroxide solution is applied in the remaining substrate with the root system and the organic material by the 4-step sprinkler irrigation. And the first irrigation is carried out at the rate of 20 tons of hydrogen peroxide solution per 0.8 hectares. The mass of the organic material exfoliated on the surface is removed, then the next three irrigations are performed within two days, as the appearance of dark spots of organic material on sand, to obtain on the substrate surface of clean sand without the organic material. Two washing irrigations are carried out, and sand is poured for subsequent sowing seeds of sod-forming grasses in it.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the intensity and to reduce the time of formation of a strong root system of grass lawn cover, to reduce the recovery times of the lawns.