Device to produce deuterium ice in potable water

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water crystal cleaning of harmful admixtures including heavy isotopes of deuterium. Proposed device comprises case 11 to house riser 8 with two chambers 4, 1. The latter make inlets for portable water and heat carrier. Portable water chamber 4 is connected with inside of case 11 that has outlet at its bottom. Heat carrier chamber 1 is connected with inside of ribs 7 arranged in case 11 and combined by outlet. Outer surface of ribs 7 is wavy.

EFFECT: continuous formation of deuterium ice in portable water.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to methods and apparatus for crystallization of water purification from harmful to human health contaminants, including heavy isotopes deuterium.

All existing methods of separating heavy water from ordinary water are determined by the physicochemical properties of these compounds. On the physical properties of heavy water differs from ordinary water: it boils at 101,43°C, freezes at 3,82°C, has a density of 1,104 g/cm3. The chemical properties of heavy water are very close to normal water, although some reactions it slow down or speed up (sometimes 2-3 times). It has also been noticed that the ice formed heavy water, floats on water and sinking.

There is a method of water purification from deuterium engineer M. M. Muratova. They designed an installation that allows water to get easy given salt composition with a reduced content of heavy water in the home uniform method of freezing. Article in Komsomolskaya Pravda report Timakova, A. A. "the Main effects of light water" at the 8th all-Russian scientific conference "Physico-chemical processes at selection of atoms and molecules" 6-10 November 2003, has attracted interest from engineer M. M. Muratova and decided to check out the properties of this water, he from November 2006 was to "ease" the water for cooking and drinking in uniform�marajuana.

By the method of M. M. Muratova water aeronaves and cooled with the formation of circulating in the tank water flow until formation of small ice crystals. Then filtered. The filter remained less than 2% of ice containing heavy water.

According to the author of this method six-the use of light water showed that by eating food and drink in the amount of 2.5-3 liters a day, a significant improvement of health on the 5th day of use. This is reflected in the fact that were drowsiness and chronic fatigue disappeared "heaviness" in the legs, decreased seasonal Allergy symptoms without drugs. For 10 days, noticeably, about 0.5 diopters improved vision. A month later the pain in the knee joint. After 4 months the symptoms disappeared chronic pancreatitis and had pain in my liver area. For 6 months the pain associated with IBS, and pain in the back and waist. 1 viral infection was very mild, "on your feet". Reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Also a marked improvement in palatability and water and food prepared with the use of treated water. The latter fact is confirmed by the tasting Commission of the industrial enterprise and is clearly visible to users of water (see http://www.o8ode.ru/article/answer/kach/file123456.htm).

The disadvantage of the above�ojinaga method is a static (non-flowing) separation of drinking water into heavy and light.

The invention aims at continuing education in a leaky drinking water deitering ice.

This object is achieved in that the temperature of the refrigerating chamber of the refrigerator set at the freezing point of heavy water (deuterium), for example 3°C, after which the cooling chamber is placed a device, scheme of which is shown in Fig. 1. It contains: the input cavity 1 (WH) pipe 6, which is continuously fed liquid (coolant, for example a mixture of alcohol and water or salt); a cavity 4 input (VH) of the pipe through which drinking water with a temperature corresponding to the freezing point of heavy water; the cavity 2 of the blades (ribs) 7 having the shape of side surfaces of the truncated cones which are connected with the cavity 1, wherein the outer surface of the blades has a wavy shape, as well as to increase thermal conductivity of the upper surface of each blade as the outer and the inner part can be hermetically United with the surface of the heat-conductive plate; a cavity 5 output (O 2) pipe the output of the final product; the cavity 3 output (O 1) coolant pipe, which is connected with the cavities 2 arranged in a cone-shaped blades 7; the housing 11 (Fig.2); the riser 8, the holes 9 which connect the cavities 4 and 5 of the device; opening 10 connect� the volume of the cavity 5 between them. O 1 of the heat carrier is connected via a temperature controller (not shown) with Bx 1 carrier, thereby forming a closed fluid flow with variable temperature and speed of circulation of the coolant.

The operation of the device is that when the supply of drinking water and drinking water coolant flow on the outer surfaces of the blades, the volumes of which also simultaneously filled with coolant, then there is heat transfer phone To ensure heat transfer in phase-change drinking water into ice select input parameters such as the mass and velocity of potable water, mass, speed and temperature of the coolant, the temperature of drinking water at the input device should provide education deitering ice (ice). Education deitering ice suggests that in running potable water formed a fixed deiteriy ice (black ice), which selects the deuterium from water, and as a result the water becomes easy. After the formation of a sufficient number deitering ice shutting off the water and raise the temperature of the coolant. Formed deitering recycle water, after which the process of formation of light water is repeated.

The operation of the device will be shown by the following example. Take the temperature of the input water coolant -1°C, while using applications various�passes in one kg of the mass of fluid per second. Drinking water at the inlet has a temperature of +1°C, and water consumption is also one kg of mass per second. The device is placed in the refrigerating chamber with the established temperature of -1°C. To light the water does not carry a heavy ice formations of water, put the condition that the output light water should have zero temperature, while light water is partially converted with heavy water to ice (frost), which settles on the blades of the device. This condition will be satisfied when the amount of heat given to the heat carrier, will be 4,19 kJ/(kg·K) plus the heat produced by water during the phase transition from liquid to solid, which is assumed to be 1 kJ/(kg·K), for a total get to 5.19 kJ/(kg·K). From the above I can say that when applying drinking water with a temperature of +1°C and cooling it with a continuous circulation of the coolant is equal to the circulation of drinking water with inlet and outlet temperature -1°C under the condition of heat transfer taking place -1°With the surrounding environment and the condition of light water with a temperature of 0°C, it is necessary to perform heat exchange between water and coolant, equal to 5.19 kJ/(kg·K), multiplied by K, where K is the number missed in kg of drinking water, in this case, the cooling control of drinking water carried out by the quantity of output light water with regard to drinking, and� this ratio should be less than unity. Regulators of this relationship can serve as adjusting the temperature of the water and adjusting its mass, or both.

Product the device is lightweight water, which may find broad applications as a means of strengthening, rehabilitation and treatment of the body.

Device for the formation of deuterium in drinking water ice comprising a housing, characterized in that in case there is a riser that contains two cavities, which are the input for potable water and coolant, and the cavity of drinking water is connected to the volume enclosure, the bottom of which there is an exit hole, and the cavity of the heat carrier is connected with the cavities of the ribs located in the housing and a combined outlet, wherein the outer surface of the ribs is made wavy.



 

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