Method of potatoes second crop reception in south regions of russia

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes area treatment, beds forming, potato tubers planting, scraping, fertilizers addition, irrigation and crop gathering. To receive second crop the tubers are planted at the area where previously grain, legume crops or even annual or perennial grasses wer cultured. The potato tubers with sprouts of the previous crop are used as planting material. At that the tubers are planted during last ten days of July till first ten days of August. Second crop tubers are irrigated during sprout appearance. Crops is gathered from last ten days of October to first ten days of November.

EFFECT: method ensures high quality planting material for next year.

 

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly the cultivation of two crops of potatoes in one growing season in the southern zone of Russia.

A method of producing two crops of potatoes a year in Central Russia (http://cesla.ru/index.php?name=Html_Content&op=page&folder=Sovety&contentsite=2ur_kartof.html).

In this method, crop, harvested in June, planted again in July. This enables the use of tubers collected in June, instead of last year's tubers and thus in the late fall to have new potatoes with high taste qualities, but also to obtain high-quality planting material for next year.

The disadvantage of this method is that the use of freshly grown tubers as planting material is not efficient because the young tubers do not have time to grow before the frost. So you have to remove them from rest by applying special techniques. For example, to make a ring cut tubers followed by soaking in a solution of a growth stimulant. The use of such special techniques leads to higher production costs. To reduce costs, it is desirable to use as the seed germinated last year's tubers. In addition, after the harvest of potatoes in the soil is low in organic residues. It is therefore desirable �proizvodite alternation of crops in the rotation, what contributes to the enrichment of soil with organic matter. On those grounds, the better to plant potatoes on the plot after cereals, grain legumes, annual and perennial herbs, a preliminary treatment of the soil. Pre-tillage begins with the stubble immediately after harvest of the preceding culture. This is followed by autumn plowing.

The aim of the invention is the harvesting of two crops of potatoes from one of the operated area during one vegetation period.

This object is achieved in that the planting tubers to obtain a second crop produced on the land on which were previously grown grains, legumes, annual or perennial herbs. These areas contain more organic fertilizers than plots which were harvested potatoes. At the same time as planting material used sprouted potato tubers from last year's harvest. Planting the tubers produced in the period from the last decade of July to early August, and the harvest produce during the last ten days of October to early November. Watering is the second harvest of tubers produced in the period of emergence.

The method is as follows.

Perform preliminary site preparation, which were previously grown grains, Bob�new culture, annual or perennial herbs. For this tillage begins with the stubble immediately after harvest of the preceding culture. Simultaneously fertilized. This is followed by autumn plowing and form the beds. As the planting material used sprouted potato tubers from last year's harvest. The tubers are planted in the period from the last decade of July to early August. Produce hilling. Watering is carried out in the period of emergence. Harvesting is performed in the period from the last ten days of October to early November.

The method of obtaining the second crop of potatoes in the southern zone of Russia, including the processing of land, building garden beds, planting potatoes, ridging, fertilizing, watering, harvesting, characterized in that to obtain the second crop planting tubers produced on the site that previously were cultivated cereals, legumes, or annual or perennial herb, and as the planting material used sprouted tubers last year's crop, with planting the tubers produced in the period from the last decade of July to early August, and harvesting is performed in the period from the last ten days of October to early November, and watering the second crop of tubers produced in the period of emergence.



 

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1 tbl, 1 ex

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1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency, reliable ecologically clean restoration of soil after contamination thereof.

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