Cleaning composition that provides residual benefits

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning compositions, in particular, to a gel-like composition for the use on hard surfaces, where the composition comprises as follows: (i) at least, 7.5 wt %, at least one of the selected surfactants; (ii) from over 0 wt % to 2.0 wt % mixture of non-ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol of the non-ethoxylated blend includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbons, or an ethoxylated blend of linear primary alcohols wherein each alcohol of the said ethoxylated blend includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbons; (iii) at least 25% water and/or other solvent; (iv) less than 10 wt % fragrance; and where the composition is capable of covering an extended area outward 360° from the area of the initial product application, the covering ability is characterised by the transport rate of less than 55 seconds; the composition is formulated as self-adhering to hard surfaces, and as measured by the described adhesion test, the product adhesion is greater than 8 hours, including a plurality of flows of water passing over the composition, and where at least one surfactant (i) is different from any combination (ii).

EFFECT: composition provides more rapid and extended self-spreading.

14 cl, 11 dwg, 2 ex, 6 tbl

 

Cross-reference to related applications

This proposal has the advantage of priority of provisional patent application U.S. No. 61/064181, filed February 21, 2008, and patent application U.S. No. 12/388588, filed February 19, 2009, whose partially continuing application is a real application.

The link relevant to the study or improvement financed from the Federal budget

Not included.

The list of sequences

Not included.

The technical field to which the invention relates

In some embodiments, the invention relates to smoothening compositions that can maintain the effect after application, based on extensive spreading on the surface or the enveloping surface, which composition provides under the influence of the water layer. Furthermore, the composition has increased stability under changing conditions of temperature and humidity, as well as increased samoggia to solid surfaces, such as ceramic surfaces, such as the surface of toilet bowls, glass, Windows, doors, walls or shower bath, etc. in addition, by including in the composition a mixture of certain linear primary alcohols, or a mixture of certain ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, the above composition possesses�AET increased stability in the conditions of production and in the quality of the finished product.

Art

Known for cleaning and/or disinfecting and/or fragrance means in the container, which poveselyatsya under the toilet bowl rim by using a suitable hanging devices, of which sanitation is released into the toilet after each flush.

Despite the effectiveness of such devices, some consumers do not use them in connection with such reasons as the need to manually remove the device used. For example, consumers may perceive this requirement as unhygienic or even unattractive. In addition, in the toilet at a time you can apply only one device, and such devices tend to release the song locally, leading to the effect, which may be limited to the placement of the device and water flow.

In addition, consumers can abandon the use of conventional suspension devices under the toilet bowl rim because such devices can interfere with the consumer during the regular cleaning. During cleaning with a brush for cleaning toilet seat suspension device can easily move and then must return the consumer to the place manually, which might be perceived as unhygienic or unattractive effect.

Typical sanitary means �siromoney feeding bowls can be in the form of a solid block, liquids and gel-like form.

In U.S. patent No. 6667286 described sanitary remedy in a paste-like or gel-like form which provides a long-lasting detergent and/or deodorant-releasing and/or disinfecting effect and which may be applied directly to the surface of the toilet simple and hygienic way. In published patent application U.S. No. 2008/0190457 described self-adhesive disinfecting unit, which can be applied directly to the surface of the toilet bowl. The present invention provides improvements in such health AIDS by ensuring higher stability, such as a longer service life when used and increased samaadhi to solid surfaces, especially ceramic surfaces such as the surfaces clean.

In some embodiments, the present invention provides consumers with the advantage of delivery of the composition or active ingredient to a relatively large area of the toilet, or other solid surface. In other non-limiting embodiments, the present invention provides consumers with the benefit of effective delivery of the composition or active ingredient to a relatively large area of the toilet, or other �solid surface. In some embodiments, the increased stability of the components is achieved through the inclusion in the composition of certain mixtures of linear primary alcohols or mixtures of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols.

Summary of the invention

In the first non-limiting embodiment of the present invention relates to compositions intended for use on hard surfaces. The composition comprises: (i) at least 7.5 wt.%, at least one selected surfactant; (ii) from 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.% mixtures of linear primary alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol of the blends includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms; (iii) an indication of the rate of transfer of the composition is less than approximately 55 seconds; and (iv) the adhesion of the composition is approximately more than 8 hours.

In the second non-limiting embodiment of the present invention relates to gel compositions intended for use on hard surfaces. The composition comprises: (i) less than 6 wt.% flavoring; (ii) from 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.% mixtures of linear primary alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, in which each alcohol in the mixture�x includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms; and (iii) an indication of the rate of transfer of the composition is less than approximately 55 seconds.

In the third non-limiting embodiment of the present invention relates to solid compositions intended for use on hard surfaces. The composition comprises: (i) less than 10 wt.% flavoring; (ii) from 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.% mixtures of linear primary alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, in which each alcohol mixture includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms; and (iii) an indication of the rate of transfer of the composition is less than approximately 55 seconds.

In a fourth non-limiting embodiment of the present invention relates to compositions intended for use on hard surfaces. The composition comprises: (i) at least 7.5 wt.%, at least one surfactant; (ii) from 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.% mixtures of linear primary alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, in which each alcohol of the blends includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms; (iii) approximately less than 10 wt.% flavoring; and (iv) an indication of the rate of transfer of the composition is less than approximately 55 seconds.

Crackaeroplane drawings

The following detailed description of the specific non-limiting embodiments of the present invention can best be understood when reading the description in conjunction with the following drawings, where similar structural elements are designated by identical numbers in the drawings and in which:

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a typical device for dosed supply of the gel according to the present invention.

In the figures 2A-2E shows a gel composition containing mineral oil at different concentrations, at different time points during the test, which is described below.

Figure 3 presents a graph showing the regressive displacement of the point of gelation depending on the composition of the mixture of linear primary alcohols in the form of four examples, i.e. for three mixtures of linear primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 11.0, 12.6 to 14.5 carbon atoms, respectively, and bases that do not contain alcohol.

Figure 4 presents a graph showing the optimum reduction in the value of the point of gelation in the field of C13(the carbon chain length of 13) obtained on the basis of the regressive bias point of gelation depending on the chain length, proceeding from the results shown in figure 3.

Figure 5 presents a graph showing regression�e displacement of the point of gelation depending on the number of mixtures of linear primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 carbon atoms.

Figure 6 presents a graph showing the reduction value of the point of gelation for a mixture of linear primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 carbons obtained on the basis of the regressive bias point of gelation depending on the percentage of primary alcohols, C12,6.

Figure 7 presents a graph showing that increasing the number of linear primary alcohol region of the phase transition between liquid phase and a cubic phase (gel) is becoming a growing factor that must be considered.

Figure 8 presents a graph showing that when a mixture of linear primary alcohols is added to amoxilonline, the region of phase transition between the liquid phase and the cubic phase is eliminated with minimal impact to the overall decline in the value of the point of gelation. When the level of amoxilonline 1 mol/mol (1EO) region of the phase transition is significantly reduced. When the level of amoxilonline 2 mol/mol (2EO) region of the phase transition is eliminated.

Figure 9 presents a graph showing the effect on the region of the phase transition changing the quantity of a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols. When the amount of the mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols with the level of amoxilonline 2 mol/mol increases with 0.25% or 05% to 0.75%, the region of phase transition appears again. As a result of further increasing the level of amoxilonline region of the phase transition must again be removed.

Figure 10 presents a graph summarizing the shift of the point of gelation (GP) and the region of phase transition (PT) for a mixture of primary alcohols with average carbon chain lengths of 12.6 carbon atoms.

Figure 11 presents a graph showing a comparison of a mixture of primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 carbons without amoxilonline (OEO) and the level of amoxilonline 2 mol/mol (2EO).

Detailed description of the invention

Definitions

Used here, the term "composition" refers to any solid, gel and/or paste-like substance containing more than one component.

Used here, the term "samadhana" refers to the ability of the composition to adhere to a solid surface without the need for special adhesives or other supportive devices. In one of the embodiments of the invention samadhana composition leaves no residue or other substance (i.e., an additional adhesive) on the surface after the composition has been reached.

Used here, the term "gel" refers to a structured disperse system, with�standing from disordered solids with a grid of interacting particles or polymers and fluids, which has a voltage plastic flow, is not equal to zero. Used here, the term "flavor" refers to any odorant, the means to eliminate odor, tool, masking the smell, etc. and their combinations. In some embodiments, the flavoring is any substance that can have an effect on the olfactory sensation of the consumer or user.

Used here, the term "wt.%" refers to the percentage by mass of the specific active ingredient in the overall formula. For example, the ready composition for formulation X can contain only 70% of the active ingredient X. Thus, 10 g of the finished composition contains only 7 grams of X. Therefore, if 10 g of the prepared composition is added to 90 g of other ingredients, wt.% X in the final formula is only 7%.

Used here, the term "solid surface" refers to any porous and/or nonporous surfaces. In one of the embodiments of the invention, a solid surface can be selected from the group consisting of: ceramic, glass, metal, resin, stone, and combinations thereof. In yet another embodiment, the solid surface comprises a silicon wafer and/or other semiconductor materials. Non-limiting examples of ceramic surfaces include � themselves surface of the toilet bowl, sink, shower, tiles, etc., and combinations thereof. A non-limiting example, glass surfaces comprises a surface of a window, etc. non-limiting examples of metal surfaces include surfaces: drain pipes, sinks, cars, etc. and combinations thereof. Non-limiting examples of polymeric surfaces include: PVC pipe, fiberglass, acrylic polymer, Corian®etc., and combinations thereof. Non-limiting example stone solid surface includes the surface of granite, marble, etc.

Solid surface can be any shape, size or have any orientation that is suitable for its desired purpose. In one non-limiting examples of hard surface may be a window that can be oriented in a vertical configuration. In yet another non-limiting example, the solid surface may be a curved surface such as the surface of a ceramic bowl. In yet another non-limiting example, the solid surface may be an inner surface of the pipe, which contains vertical and horizontal elements, and can also include curved elements. There is reason to believe that the shape, size and/or orientation of the solid surface will not affect the composition solenostoma to the invention due to the properties of unforeseen quick to transfer songs to the conditions described below.

Used here, the term "surfactant" refers to any agent that lowers the surface tension of a liquid, for example water. Typical surfactants that may be suitable for use in the present invention are described below. In one of the embodiments of the invention surfactants can be selected from the group consisting of anionic, nonionic, cationic, amphoteric, zwitterionic surfactants, and combinations thereof. In one of the embodiments of the present invention contains cationic surfactants. In other non-limiting embodiments, a surfactant may constitute superlatively. The person skilled in the art will be understood that in some embodiments, a substance which can be used as adhesion promoter, also can be a surface-active agent.

During application of the composition according to the invention can be applied directly to the treated hard surface, for example on a cleaned surface such as the surface of the toilet, enclosed space of the shower or bath, gutter, window or the like, and the composition itself can stick to such surfaces�ti, including thanks to the many streams of water, flowing over smoothening composition and the surface, for example, by lavage with water, spattering, leaching or etc. Every time the streams of water passing over the composition, the release portion of the composition into the water, which flows over the composition. Portion of the composition is released to the surface, covered with water, provides on the surface of a continuous wet film, which in turn provides immediate and long-lasting cleaning and/or disinfecting and/or odorizing or other surface treatment depending on the active funds (funds) that is present in the composition. There is reason to believe that the composition and thus active agents of the composition of the initial placement of the composition in direct contact with the surface, can spread or spread, covering a continuous layer of a large area on the surface. Wet film acts as a coating and extends from smoothening of composition in all directions, i.e. in directions of 360° from compositions which include the direction against the flow of washing water. Movement of surface fluids are combined with movements of the lower sublayers of a fluid or fluids, so fluid displacement usually have a PT�essuie impacts on the surface and Vice versa. The mechanism of movement of the gel and/or active ingredients is discussed in more detail below.

Unexpectedly observed that the typical non-limiting compositions according to the present invention provide more rapid and extensive samarasekara on the surface. To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that the effect of samarasekara on the surface can be modified by adding to the composition of specific surfactants.

There is reason to believe that non-limiting examples of factors that affect the speed and range of samarasekara include: the number of the presence of surfactant, the type of the presence of surfactants, the present combination of surfactants, the amount of surfactant spreading on a stream of water, the ability of the surfactant to be adsorbed at the interface liquid/air and surface energy of the treated surface. There is reason to believe that the surface-active agent in the composition is used to push other molecules, e.g., molecules located close to the joints and to deliver the said connections to other parts of the surface. Compounds that are suitable for a broad delivery to obra�atively surface, are active funds, e.g. funds that are able to involve in the activities, unlike products that are inert or static. Non-limiting examples of active agents or active ingredients that may apply include: cleaning compounds, germicides, antimicrobials, whitening agents, flavoring agents, surface modifiers, means of suppressing the formation of spots (such as chelating agent), etc., and combinations thereof. The composition, in particular, is applicable for the surface treatment of the toilet, because it ensures the delivery and retention of the desired active agents on the surface of the toilet bowl above the water level and below water level in the toilet bowl.

In some embodiments, the composition can be applied directly to the surface using any suitable device-applicator, such as a dispenser or a device like a syringe, manually, or mechanically using an aerosol can or spray. For applying the composition directly on the surface, the consumer can bring the applicator into the action without having to touch the surface. In case the surface of the toilet it provides hygienic and easily accessible method of application. The number and locations� (space) application of the composition can be selected by the user, for example, in the form of one or more portions or droplets of the composition or one or more strokes of the composition. The composition itself is attached to a solid surface to which it is applied, such as ceramic side wall of the toilet or the showers. Unexpected and distinctive feature that is not provided by the conventional devices is that the composition is delivered to the surfaces that are located above the application of the composition to the surface.

Composition

In one of the embodiments of the invention, the composition has a gel or gel-like consistency. Thus, in the described embodiment the composition is dense, but not as hard as solid. In an alternative embodiment the composition is a solid. In yet another embodiment the composition is a solid substance, which can be deformed in a cold state.

Increased adhesion obtained using compositions according to the invention provides the application on a vertical surface without the occurrence of separation caused by multiple threads flush water, and the gradual washing away of part of the composition over time to achieve the desired cleaning and/or disinfec�tion and/or flavoring or other action as a result of processing. As soon as there'll be a complete washout of the composition with water, to remove nothing left and just applied an additional amount of the composition.

In some embodiments, the composition may include an adhesion promoter, which causes the connection to water and gives the composition a spatial stability even under the action of the flushing water; at least one nonionic surface-active agent (which wholly or partly can serve as an adhesion promoter), preferably ethoxylated alcohol; at least one anionic surfactant, preferably alkylarylsulfonate or alkylarylsulfonate alkaline metal; mineral oil; a mixture of linear primary alcohols or blend of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol in the blends includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms (for convenience, referred to here as "a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or blend of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols", respectively); water; and optionally at least one solvent. More specifically, holds a hydrophilic polymer composition on the surface, performing the maintenance, and thus RA�Siraya terms of samarasekara on the surface and, consequently, the delivery of active agents for surface treatment and/or the environment. In some embodiments, the composition also can include a connection-superlatively to enhance the spreading of the wet film. The composition demonstrates a long service life without the need for extraneous hanging device or holder, while requiring only a new application of the composition to the surface after a long period of time, and there is no need to remove any device. Each blend of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols and every a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol is used to reduce the temperature of gelation of the composition during processing that allows to expose the composition is processed at a lower temperature, which reduces the degradation or the likelihood of degradation of components of the composition. Consequently, the inclusion in the composition of each mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol makes for a more stable components, and thus a more stable product. A key determinant for the composition according to the invention is the adhesion. In General to improve the operation�know the characteristics of the product the adhesive power of the composition should increase. However, if you increase the adhesion of the value of the point of gelation of the composition also increases. For optimal product performance, it is desirable to maintain a balance between the value of the point of gelation, minimizing the influence of the treatment temperature, and maintaining the gel structure of the composition in terms of delivery, storage and use and during shipping, storage and application. This balance is obtained through the inclusion in the composition of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols, which serve to reduce or lower the point of gelation to the required value with minimal influence on adhesion, force activation and the maximum viscosity of the gel.

In some non-limiting examples of a number of components of the composition according to the present invention which are suitable for cutting hard surfaces. In one of the embodiments of the invention, the composition comprises an adhesion promoter that is present in the amount from about 20 wt.% to about 80 wt.%. In yet another embodiment the composition comprises an adhesion promoter in an amount from about 20 wt.% to about 60 wt.%. In yet another embodiment of the �of subramania composition comprises an adhesion promoter in an amount from about 40 wt.% to about 60 wt.%. In an alternative embodiment the composition comprises an adhesion promoter in an amount from about 20 wt.% to approximately 30 mass%.

In yet another embodiment, the composition contains at least one surfactant in an amount of more than 7.5 wt.%. In yet another embodiment, the composition contains at least one surfactant in amounts of from about 7.5 wt.% to about 20 wt.%. Unexpectedly it was found that the optimum amount of surface-active substances, in particular anionic surfactants, provides the product with a particularly strong "foaming" feature, which is a great pleasure to consumers.

In one of the embodiments of the invention, the composition comprises a non-polar hydrocarbon, such as mineral oil, in an amount less than approximately 5 mass%. In yet another embodiment the composition comprises mineral oil in an amount of from more than 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.%. In yet another embodiment the composition comprises mineral oil in an amount from about 0.5 wt.% to about 3 mass%.

In one of the embodiments of composite� composition comprises a blend of linear primary C 9-C17-alcohols or blend of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol, which is present in an amount of from more than 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.%. In yet another embodiment the composition comprises a blend of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or blend of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol, present in an amount from about 0.2 wt.% to about 1.0 wt.%. In yet another embodiment the composition comprises a blend of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or blend of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol, present in an amount from about 0.4 wt.% to about 0.8 wt.%. In an alternative embodiment the composition comprises about 0.6 wt.% a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols. It has been surprisingly discovered that the inclusion in the composition of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol is used to minimize the temperature of gelation of the composition of approximately 2°C per 0.1 wt.% mixture methoxylamine or ethoxycarbonyl alcohols included in the components�the police, which ensures the product is treated at a lower temperature, which during the manufacture and further, serves to reduce the degradation of components and thereby the degradation of the product. It is especially preferred because some of the source materials or components that are added during processing, should be processed at temperatures above 45°C. the inclusion in the composition of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol provides improved stability of the composition.

In some embodiments, the composition can be increased to 100 wt.% using any material suitable for the intended application. The person skilled in the art will understand that such material may include, but is not limited to those listed, missing to balance (100 mass%) the amount of water, surface modifiers, germicides, bleaching agents, detergents, foaming agents, etc., and combinations thereof.

The compositions according to the present invention optionally can further comprise at least one solvent in an amount of from 0 wt.% to about 15 wt.%, the composition may further comprise at least one aromatizzato� in an amount of from 0 wt.% to about 15 wt.%. Furthermore, the composition can optionally include a hydrophilic polymer in an amount of from 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.% to enhance the effects of the transfer of the composition. In one of the embodiments of the invention, the "solvent" does not include water.

Optional additional component is superlatively. To not be limited by any theory, it is possible to assume that superlatively can improve the quality of the wet film provided when using the composition. Superlatively that can be used in the compositions according to the present invention, described in more detail below. In other non-limiting embodiments, additional optional components include conventional auxiliary means, such as a preservative, colorant, foam stabilizer, an antimicrobial agent, germicide TD or etc. present in effective amounts.

Typical components suitable for use as an adhesion promoter, may have long or long-chain molecules, mostly linear, which at least partially are hydrophilic and, therefore, include at least a hydrophilic residue, or a hydrophilic group to interact with the water molecules. Premise�plant an adhesion promoter contains molecules with non-branched chain, forming a desired setcatalog structure for the formation of molecules to enhance the adhesion. The adhesion promoter can be completely hydrophilic or partially hydrophilic, partially hydrophobic.

Typical purely hydrophilic adhesion promoters suitable for use in the present invention include, for example: polyethylene glycol, cellulose, especially sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose or polysaccharides, such as xanthan gum, agar-agar, Galanova gum, acacia gum, flour of carob bean, guar gum or starch. At concentrations from 0 wt.% to about 10 wt.%, from 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.% and from about 1 wt.% to about 2 wt.% polysaccharides can form a grid with the required strength and sufficient adhesiveness.

Molecules that enhance the adhesion, can be a synthetic or natural polymers, such as polyacrylates, polysaccharides, polyvinyl alcohols or polyvinylpyrrolidone. You can also apply alginates, diurethane, gelatin, pectins, oleylamine, alkyldimethylammonium or alkylarylsulfonate.

As adhesion promoters can also be used organic molecules with hydrophilic and hydrophobic end group. As hydrophilic �of the gang, for example, you can apply polyalkoxy-group, preferably politicsi, polypropene or polybutene groups or mixed polyalkoxy groups, such as poly(ethoxypropane)-group. Especially preferred for use as a hydrophilic end group is, for example, polyethoxysiloxane residue comprising from 15 to 55 ethoxy groups, preferably from 25 to 45 ethoxy groups, and more preferably from 30 to 40 ethoxy groups.

In some embodiments of the invention, the hydrophilic end groups can be applied anionic groups such as sulfonate, carbonate or sulphate group. In other embodiments of the invention as adhesion promoters are suitable stearates, especially stearates of sodium or potassium.

In those embodiments where the molecule to enhance the adhesion, also contain a hydrophobic terminal group as a hydrophobic residue are preferred alkyl residues with a straight unbranched chain, in this case, particularly preferred are alkyl residues with an even number of atoms due to their better Biodegradability. To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that necessary for the formation of nets from molecules to enhance the adhesion, molecules must be prazwell�prisoners who had been.

If the hydrophobic residues selected alkyl residues, preferred are alkyl residues with at least 12 carbon atoms. More preferred is an alkyl group with a carbon chain length of from 16 to 30 carbon atoms, most preferred from 20 to 22 carbon atoms.

Typical adhesion promoters are polyalkoxyalkyl, preferably a mixture of C20-C22alkylethoxylates containing from 18 to 50 ethyleneoxide groups (EO), preferably from about 25 to about 35 EO, and dodecylbenzenesulfonate sodium. With the decrease in the number of alkoxy groups of the adhesion promoter becomes more lipophilic, thus, for example, the solubility of odorants and, consequently, the intensity of the odor of the flavoring may be increased.

As adhesion promoters can also be used molecules, which usually act like thickeners in aqueous systems, for example, the molecules of hydrophilic substances.

To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that the concentration of the applied adhesion promoter depends on its hydrophilicity and its ability to form mesh. When the adhesion promoter is applied polysaccharides, may be enough concentrations, for example, from about 1 wt.% to about 2 wt.%, tog�how to embodiments of the invention, containing polyalkoxyalkyl, the concentration can range from about 10 wt.% to about 40 wt.%; in yet another embodiment, about 15 wt.% to about 35 wt.%; and in yet another embodiment is from about 20 wt.% to approximately 30 mass%.

Also to not be limited by any theory, it is possible to assume that in order to create the required number of places of adhesion molecules to enhance the adhesion due to water absorption, the composition may contain at least about 25 wt.% water and optionally an additional solvent. In one of the embodiments of the invention, the composition comprises from about 40 wt.% to about 65 wt.% water. The person skilled in the art would understand that the amount of water used depends, among other things, used adhesion promoter and the number of auxiliary agents used in the formulation.

Typical anionic surfactants suitable for use include C6-C18-alkylarylsulfonate alkaline metals, for example, laurelthirst sodium; α-reincorporate or methyltaurine. Other suitable anionic surfactants include salts of alkali metals and and�Kil-, of alkenyl - and alkylarylsulfonates and alkyl-, alkenyl - and alkylarylsulfonates. Some such anionic surfactants have the General formula RSO4M or RSO3M, where R may represent an alkyl or alkenyl group containing from about 8 to about 20 carbon atoms, or alkylaryl group, the alkyl part of which may represent an alkyl group with a straight unbranched chain or branched chain containing from about 9 to about 15 carbon atoms; aryl part may represent a phenyl or its derivative, and M may be an alkali metal (for example, ammonium, sodium, potassium or lithium).

Typical nonionic surfactants suitable for use include C20-C22-alkylalkoxy containing from 18 to 50 ethyleneoxide groups (EO). In yet another embodiment, it is preferable as an adhesion promoter and nonionic surface-active substances are used in C20-C22-alkylalkoxy containing from 25 to 35 ethylenoxide groups.

Additional non-limiting examples of other nonionic surfactants suitable for use include alkylpolyglycoside, such as alkylpolyglycoside available in sales� under the trademark GLUCOPON from Henkel company, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. Alkylpolyglycoside have the following formula: RO-(R O)x-Znwhere R represents a monovalent alkyl radical containing from 8 to 20 carbon atoms (the alkyl group may be straight unbranched chain or branched chain, saturated or unsaturated), "O" represents an oxygen atom, R' represents a divalent alkyl radical containing 2 to 4 carbon atoms, preferably ethylene or propylene, x is equal to the number having an average value of from 0 to 12, Z is a reducing charigny residue containing 5 or 6 carbon atoms, preferably glucose, galactose, glucosaminyl or galactosamine the residue, and n is equal to the number having an average value from about 1 to 10. For a detailed discussion of the various Alkylglucoside see legally registered according to the procedure SIR (Statutory Invention Registration) invention USA H468 and U.S. patent No. 4565647, which are incorporated herein by reference. Some of the typical alkylpolyglycoside brand GLUCOPONS presented in table A (where Z represents the balance of glucose and x=0).

Table A
Typical alkylpolyglycoside brand GLUCOPONS
Product NR (# carbon atoms)
425N2,58-14
425LF2,58-14
(added 10 wt.% alcohol with a radial structure of macromolecules)
220UP2,58-10
225DK2,78-10
600UP2,412-14
215CSUP2,58-10

Other non-limiting examples of nonionic surfactants suitable for use include ethoxylate alcohols, such as ethoxylate alcohols, commercially available under the trade name LUTENSOL from BASF, Ludwigshafen, Germany. Such surfactants have the General formula C13H25/C15H27-OC2H4)n-OH (the alkyl group is a C13/C15-alkyl group). Especially preferred are the LUTENSOL AO3 (n=3), AO8 (n=8) and AO10 (n=10). Other ethoxylate alcohols include ethoxylate secondary aliphatic alcohols (ALC�of NOlow), condensed+ (OC2H4) such as TERGITOL 15-S-12, secondary C11-C15-alkanol, condensed with 12 (OC2H4) supplied by Dow Surfactants. Another example of nonionic surfactants suitable for use, is an easy-lauryl ether of polyoxyethylene (4). Also suitable aminoxide.

The composition may contain at least one solvent to facilitate the mixing of surfactants and other liquids. The solvent is present in amounts from about 0 wt.% to about 15 wt.%, preferably from about 1 wt.% to about 12 wt.%, and more preferably in amount from about 5 wt.% to about 10 wt.%. Examples of solvents suitable for use are aliphatic alcohols containing up to 8 carbon atoms; alkalophile containing up to 6 carbon atoms; alkylene glycols containing up to 6 carbon atoms in alkylenes group; simple mono - or dialkyl ethers of alkalophile or polyalkylene glycols containing up to 6 carbon atoms in the glycol group and up to 6 carbon atoms in each alkyl group; and complex mono - or dietary of alkalophile or polyalkylene glycols containing up to 6 carbon atoms in the glycol group and up to 6 a�Ohm carbon in each ester group. Specific examples of solvents includet-butanol,t-pentyl alcohol; 2,3-dimethyl-2-butanol, benzyl alcohol or 2-phenylethanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, dipropyleneglycol, simple mono-nbutyl ether of propylene glycol, a simple mono-nbutyl ether of dipropyleneglycol, simple mono-npropyl ether of propylene glycol, a simple mono-npropyl ether dipropyleneglycol, simple mono-n-butyl ether of diethylene glycol, simple monomethyl ether of diethylene glycol, simple monomethyl ether dipropyleneglycol, triethylene glycol, monoacetate propylene glycol, glycerin, ethanol, isopropanol and monoacetate of dipropyleneglycol. A preferred solvent is a polyethylene glycol.

There is reason to believe that the inclusion in the composition of non-polar hydrocarbon, such as mineral oil, can serve enhanced stability and samaadhi against a hard surface, especially to the ceramic surface. Mineral oil is present in an amount of from more than 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.% based on the total weight of the composition. In one of the embodiments of the invention mineral oil is present in amounts from about 0.5 wt.% to about 3.5 wt.%. In yet another embodiment, the implementation of izobreteny� mineral oil is present in amounts from about 0.5 wt.% to about 2 wt.%. The amount included in the composition of mineral oil will depend on the adhesive performance characteristics missing to balance (100 mass%) components of the formulation. To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that with increasing amounts of mineral oil adhesion also increases.

Despite the benefits that provides mineral oil, when used in the composition, there is also reason to believe that the inclusion of mineral oil in higher quantities without reducing the amount of surfactant and/or thickener and/or adhesion promoters will result in compositions thickened to such an extent that will make the processing of the composition during the production and application is difficult, since the increased density of the composition makes it difficult to handle. During the production processing of the composition can be conducted at elevated temperatures, but such an increase in temperature also increases the production costs and creates other difficulties associated with elevated temperature.

It was found that the inclusion in the composition according to the invention a mixture of linear primary alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols, in which each alcohol of the blends includes � yourself carbon chain, containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms, it is advantageous in the sense that it reduces the temperature of gelation of approximately 2°C per 0.1 wt.% a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols present in the composition. The inclusion in the composition of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohols can produce the cleaning product at a lower temperature, which reduces the degradation or the likelihood of degradation of at least some of the components of the composition, which increases the stability of the components of the composition and therefore also the composition. This produces a product with improved cleaning characteristics due to increased stability of the product components.

Lowering the temperature of gelation due to the inclusion in the composition of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary C9-C17-alcohol is beneficial, since some of the components of the starting materials, forming the detergent composition must be processed at temperatures above 45°C. Thus, the temperature decrease of gelation during processing reduces any degradation that PR�comes with such materials during processing, leading up to the full amount of the constituents present in the produced compositions, and their properties. Lowering the temperature of gelation also inevitably provides a more cost-effective product because it is not necessary to use a higher number of components to account for the degradation that would occur otherwise. The inclusion in the composition of a mixture of alcohols or a mixture of ethoxylated alcohols provides improved adhesion, while improving product performance by storing a value point of gelation of the composition at the lowest possible to process the composition temperature level, and at the same time maintaining the desired gel-like structure in terms of delivery, storage and use. Mixtures described herein serve to reduce the temperature of gelation to the required value with minimal impact on the adhesive properties, force activation and the maximum viscosity of the gel.

Non-limiting examples of mixtures of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols suitable for use in the present invention is a mixture comprising C12-alcohols and C13-alcohols, C9-C11-alcohols, C12-C15-alcohols, C14-alcohols and C15-alcohols, C1l- C13-C15-alcohols, C16-alcohols � C 17-alcohols and C10-C12-alcohols; and ethoxylate mentioned mixtures. Such alcohols go on sale from Shell Company and sold under the trademark NEODOL.

Examples of mixtures of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols include NEODOL 23, NEODOL 91, NEODOL 25, NEODOL 45, NEODOL 135, NEODOL NEODOL 67 and 1. The General formula of alcohols in the mixture: CnH(2n+1)OH, in which n=9-17.

Application suited ethoxylate NEODOL retain the same name of the primary alcohol, followed by a number indicating the average number of added moles of ethylene oxide, and include, for example, NEODOL 23-1, NEODOL 23-3, NEODOL 23-6.5, NEODOL 23-2, NEODOL 91-8, NEODOL 91-2.5, NEODOL 91-5, NEODOL 91-6, NEODOL 25-2.5, NEODOL 25-3, NEODOL 25-7, NEODOL 25-9, NEODOL 25-5, NEODOL 25-1.3, NEODOL 45-4, NEODOL 45-7, NEODOL 45-6.8 and NEODOL 1-9.

A mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols or ethoxylated mixture are present in an amount of from more than 0 wt.% to about 2.0 wt.%, preferably from about 0.2 wt.% to about 1.0 wt.% and more preferably from about 0.4 wt.% to about 0.8 mass%.

A preferred example of a mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols suitable for use in the present invention is a mixture of primary C12- and C13-alcohols, such as the mixture marketed under the trademark NEODOL 23. Typical properties of a mixture of NEODOL 23 the following:

PropertyValueC11-alcohol and lower alcohols<1 wt.%C12-alcohol41 wt.%C13-alcohol58 wt.%C14-alcohol and higher alcohols<1 wt.%Normalitymin 75 wt.%Hydroxyl number285-294 mg KOH/gMolecular weight191-197 g/mol

The mixture of primary C12-C13-alcohols are preferably used in an amount from about 0.2 wt.% to about 0.8 mass%.

Typical properties of other mixtures of primary alcohols suitable for use in the present invention are presented below.

(1) Typical properties of NEODOL 25

21 wt.%
PropertyValue
C11-alcohol and lower alcohols<1 wt.%
C12-alcohol
C13-alcohol29 wt.%
C14-alcohol25 wt.%
C15-alcohol25 wt.%
C16-alcohol and higher alcohols<1 wt.%
Normalitymin 75 wt.%
Hydroxyl number267-276 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight203-210 g/mol

(2) Typical properties of NEODOL 45

PropertyValue
C13-alcohol1 wt.%
C14-alcohol49 wt.%
C15-alcohol50 wt.%
C16-alcohol and higher alcohols<1 wt.%
Normalitymin 75 wt.%
Hydroxyl number250-257 �g KOH/g
Molecular weight218-224 g/mol

(3) Typical properties NEODOL 91

PropertyValue
C8-alcohol and lower alcohols<1 wt.%
C9-alcohol18 wt.%
C10-alcohol42 wt.%
C11-alcohol38 wt.%
C12-alcohol and higher alcohols1 wt.%
Normalitymin 75 wt.%
Hydroxyl number342-355 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight158-164 g/mol

(4) Typical properties of NEODOL 67

PropertyValue
C14-alcohol and lower alcohols<0.5 wt.%
C15-alcohol 5 wt.%
C16-alcohol31 wt.%
C17-alcohol54 wt.%

C18-alcohol7 wt.%
C19-alcohol2 wt.%
C20-alcohol and higher alcohols< 0.2 wt.%
Normalitymax 5.0 wt.%
Hydroxyl number220-230 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight244-255 g/mol

(5) Typical properties NEODOL 135

PropertyValue
C10-alcohol and lower alcohols<0.5 wt.%
C11-alcohol12 wt.%
C12-alcohol1.5 wt.%
C13-alcohol42 wt.%
C14-alcohol1.5 wt.%
C15-alcohol42 wt.%
C16-alcohol and higher alcohols<0.5 wt.%
Normalitymin 75 wt.%
Hydroxyl number267-276 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight203-210 g/mol

(6) Typical properties NEODOL 1

PropertyValue
C10-alcohol and lower alcohols0.5 wt.%
C11-alcoholTo 98.5 wt.%
C12-alcohol and higher alcohols1 wt.%
Normalitymin 75 wt.%
Hydroxyl number323 to 327 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight172-173 g/mol

Examples of ethoxylates NEODOL based on certain specified above mixture�x linear primary C 9-C17-alcohols, which are suitable for use in the invention described below from the point of view of certain properties. The average number of attendees moles of ethylene oxide (EO) is specified per mole of alcohol.

(1) Typical properties NEODOL 23-1 (average 1 mole EO)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 1.0 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol0.9 to 1.0 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number231-241 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight233-243 g/mol

(2) Typical properties NEODOL 23-2 (average EO 2 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 1.0 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholOf 1.8-2.2 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number194-204 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight275-289 g/mol

(3) Typical properties NEODOL 23-3 (average EO 3 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 1.0 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol2,8-3,2 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number167-177 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight317-336 g/mol

(4) Typical properties of NEODOL 23-6.5 (average EO of 6.5 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholOf 6.0-7.0 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number112-122 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight460-501 g/mol

(5) Typical properties NEODOL 91-2.5 (average of 2.5 mol EO)

Polyethylene glycol
PropertyValue
max 1.0 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholAt 2.4-2.6 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number203-213 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight263-276 g/mol

(6) Typical properties NEODOL 91-5 (average EO 5 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol4,7-5,3 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number143-153 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight367-392 g/mol

(7) Typical properties NEODOL 91-6 (average EO of 6 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholThe 5.7-and 6.4 mol/mol
Hydroxyl�th number 127-137 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight410-442 g/mol

(8) Typical properties NEODOL 91-8 (average 8 mol EO)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholOf 7.4 to 8.3 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number105-115 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight488-534 g/mol

(9) Typical properties NEODOL 25-1.3 (average EO of 1.3 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax. 1 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol1,1-1,4 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number209-219 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight256-268 g/mol

(10) Typical properties NEODOL 25-2.5 (average of 2.5 mol EO)

table width="90%" border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" frame="none"> PropertyValuePolyethylene glycolmax. 1 wt.%The ratio EO/alcohol2.3-2.7 mol/molHydroxyl number172-182 mg KOH/gMolecular weight308-326 g/mol

(11) Typical properties NEODOL 25-3 (average EO 3 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax. 1 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol2.7 to 3.0 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number166-172 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight326-338 g/mol

(12) Typical properties NEODOL 25-5 (average EO 5 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholThe 4.6 and 5.4 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number127-137 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight409-442 g/mol

(13) Typical properties of NEODOL 25-7 (average EO 7 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol6,5-7,6 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number104-114 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight492-540 g/mol

(14) Typical properties NEODOL 25-9 (average EO 9 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholOf 8.3 and 9.8 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number88-98 mg KOH/g
Molecular�I weight 573-638 g/mol

(15) Typical properties NEODOL 45-4 (average EO 4 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax. 1 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholThe 3.7-to 4.3 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number136-146 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight384-412 g/mol

(16) Typical properties NEODOL 45-6.8 (average EO of 6.8 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol6,3-7,4 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number103-113 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight498-547 g/mol

(17) Typical properties of NEODOL 45-7 (the average of 7 EO mol)

Property Value
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcohol6,8-8,0 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number98-108 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight519-573 g/mol

(18) Typical properties NEODOL 1-9 (average EO 9 mol)

PropertyValue
Polyethylene glycolmax 2 wt.%
The ratio EO/alcoholOf 8.4 and 9.7 mol/mol
Hydroxyl number94-104 mg KOH/g
Molecular weight539-597 g/mol

As is evident from the above examples of mixtures suitable for use as methoxyethanol mixture of linear primary C9-C17-alcohols and their ethoxylated mixtures in mixtures may be present small amounts of other linear primary alcohols, including, for example, by-products, due to the method of producing the mixture. The that is not what�siliconindia and mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, applicable in the compositions according to the invention, as a main component include alcohols containing carbon chain length of C9-C17-carbon atoms, which together provide most of the alcohols present. Nonlinear alcohols in the mixture.

Non-limiting examples of hydrophilic polymers applicable in the present invention include polymers based on acrylic acid and acrylates, such as polymers described in U.S. patents №№ 6593288, 6767410, 6703358 and 6569261. Suitable polymers are sold under the trade name MIRAPOL SURF S company Rhodia. The preferred polymer is a polymer MIRAPOL SURF S-500.

To enhance safety provide a wet film of the composition is not necessarily included superlatively. Superlatively may reduce the time of spreading. Examples of superlatively suitable for inclusion in the composition are hydroxylated dimethylsiloxane, such as Dow Corning Q2-5211 (Dow Corning, Midland, MI). Superlatively (superlatively) may be present (in addition to any other surfactant in the composition) in an amount of from 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.%; preferably from about 0.01 to about 2 wt.%, and most preferably from about 0.1 wt.% up to approx�proximately 1 mass%.

To enhance the smell of the surrounding atmosphere in the composition can be included flavorings and aromatic substances.

In one of the embodiments of the invention gel composition comprises less than 6 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment, the gel composition comprises from 0 wt.% to 6 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment, the gel composition comprises from 0 wt.% to about 5 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment, the gel composition comprises from about 2 wt.% to about 5 wt.% flavor.

In one of the embodiments of the invention, the solid composition contains less than 10 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment the solid composition comprises from 0 wt.% to 10 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment the solid composition comprises from 2 wt.% to about 8 wt.% flavour. In yet another embodiment, the gel composition comprises from about 4 wt.% to about 7 wt.% flavor.

The composition according to the invention is attached to solid surfaces due to samaadhi. Solid, gel and gel-like materials are spatially stable, so they don't "wash away�I" or "trickle drops" by numerous streams of water, current over them. There is reason to believe that consumers will prefer this arrangement, because the adhesive properties and the form of the composition remain constant even under the influence of many washes. Typical compositions containing mineral oil, as described below in table B.

43,85
Table B
Typical compositions containing mineral oil
IngredientsSample 1Sample 2Sample 3Sample 4
Ethoxylated With22-alcohol (30 EO)13131313
Ethoxylated With16-18-alcohol (30 EO)13131313
Preservative0,150,150,150,15
Deionized water44,8544,7544,35
Mineral oil00,10,51,0
Glycerin5555
Polyethylene glycol 60001111
Laurelthirst sodium18181818
Flavoring5555
Total wt.%100 wt.%100 wt.%100 wt.%100 wt.%

The transfer of the active ingredients

As described above, the composition according to the invention may be applied directly to the surface being cleaned sanitary object, such as the toilet, enclosed space of the shower or bath or etc., and by itself, not stick to the� thanks to the many streams of water, current over smoothening composition, for example, due to flushing water or spray water. Whenever on the song flowing water, a part of the composition is released onto the surface to which the composition is glued and is also released into the water, while providing a long lasting detergent, disinfectant, fragrance, effect, protection against staining, surface modification, UV protection, whitening, lightening, etc. There is reason to believe that using composition, you can get any aftereffect due to the inclusion of the above-described ingredients, which ensure the spreading and/or migration of the composition for hard surface areas, in which the composition is initially missed. More specifically, the composition and, therefore, active agents of the composition is conveyed or delivered from the initial placement of the composition in direct contact with the surface, and envelop a vast adjoining area on the surface. Movement of surface fluids are combined with movements of the lower sublayers of a fluid or fluids, so fluid displacement usually have stress on the surface and Vice versa. The movement of surface flow and entrained by the flow of a fluid (fluids) caused by gradients of surface n�tension, is called the Marangoni effect (IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd Edition, 1994). Thus, the composition according to the invention provides the fluid flow along the interface fluid-air from areas with low surface tension in the area with higher surface tension. The Marangoni flow is the result of microconvection, i.e. the gradient of the interfacial surface tension is imposed on the system due to asymmetry, unlike the microconvection, where the flow is due to the perturbing effect that develops in time (instability). Thus, because the flow of water over a composition according to the invention the composition is spread out in all directions, enveloping you with extensive adjacent areas of the surface, in contrast to only a local region is covered with the composition, or the area immediately adjacent to the composition.

More specifically, there is reason to believe that this effect is observed due to the mass transfer in the surface layer of a liquid or in the liquid layer due to differences of surface tension on the surface of the liquid layer. To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that since the liquid with a relatively high surface tension of the surrounding fluid draws more heavily compared to liquid�Yu with a relatively low surface tension, the gradient in surface tension will cause the liquid to flow away from regions with relatively low surface tension in the direction of areas with relatively high surface tension. Such property (the Marangoni effect) is applied with high-tech processing of semiconductor wafers. Non-limiting examples include U.S. patent Nos. 7343922; 7383843 and 7417016.

The person skilled in the art would understand that to evaluate the effect of Marangoni and other transport properties of the material can be applied dimensionless quantity, often referred to as the Marangoni number. One of the factors that can be applied to evaluate the effect of Marangoni material is the Marangoni number, which can be described by equation 1. The person skilled in the art would understand that the Marangoni number provides a dimensionless parameter that represents the scale of the forces caused by surface tension gradients, in comparison with the forces of viscous resistance.

the Marangoni number, Ma=-G (dσ/dc)/Dµ;

where Ma is the Marangoni number;

G represents the excess surface concentration

surfactant (mol/m2);

σ represents the surface tension (N/m);

c represents the volume concentration of surfactant (m�l/m 3);

µ is a three-dimensional dynamic viscosity (Pascal.seconds);

D represents the volume diffusion coefficient of the surfactant (m2/s).

As described above, there are a number of compositions, which are used to transfer the active ingredients on the surface. However, most of these compositions are designed for gravity or adhesion-cohesion of liquids as the sole transport mechanisms of the composition on the surface. Similarly, conventional liquid detergents for bathroom or, for example, such compositions in the field of detergents for baths often require the user to distribute the composition over the surface was manually applied by brush or other device.

Unexpectedly, it was found that, despite the complexity associated with the phenomenon of transference, transport properties of the composition could be strengthened by adding to the composition of specific surfactants and other ingredients. Even more unexpectedly, that when the composition is in the presence of the liquid layer, the composition can be used as a means of delivery of active ingredients.

With regard to a firm surface such as the surface of the toilet bowl, there is reason to believe that, providing the composition according to the infusion�him to the invention, you can provide consumers with additional benefits by limiting the number of user touches to the toilet or other interaction between the consumer and the toilet. Such minimal interaction can be achieved by using the advantage of the ability of the composition to move from one area of the toilet (or other solid surface) by surface tension gradients, which can be induced surface-active substances. Thus, there is reason to believe that when a user flushes the contents of the bowl, the interaction of the fluid (flush water) with the song will make the gel composition to migrate along the gradient of surface tension while moving song over the toilet bowl.

The person skilled in the art it will be clear that the above-described transfer mechanism can be applied to any solid surface on which is provided a layer of liquid, and there is no need to limit the use of the composition in the toilet. For example, hypothetically it is assumed that the user may be able to use the composition on the surface of the shell, Windows, drainage, or any other hard surface on which to provide water or other liquid. Additionally typical surface described on all parts�and descriptions.

Principles of processing of solid surfaces

Samarasekara composition to ensure an enveloping effect and aftereffect of active agents for processing based on surface-active substance (substances), present in the composition. We can assume that non-limiting factors that affect the speed and range of samarasekara in addition to the legal requirements of direct contact of the composition with treated surface water flow on the song and around her, are the number and type of the presence of a surfactant in addition to the quantity or rate of dissolution of the surfactant in the water flow.

Unexpectedly, it was found that when the amount of surfactant and the rate of dissolution is governed, as described above, the product is able to envelop a large area in the direction of 360° from the initial field of application of the product. In addition, in embodiments of the invention, including active ingredients, also described above, the composition may provide an initial and/or additional posledeistviya surface treatment. The rate of spreading is important because it is desirable that the spreading was completed in full prior to drying water� on the surface, since water is a necessary component to ensure a continuous film.

Method of application

As described above, the compositions according to the present invention can be applied to provide immediate and/or polydactyla of processing a solid surface as a result of drawing on a surface that will be exposed to water or some other liquid, which (in turn) will provide a layer for forming the gradient of the surface energy.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the method of applying the composition according to the present invention may consist of the following stages: (1) applying one or more portions of the composition on a solid surface; (2) the impact of the fluid on hard surfaces and respectively one or more portions of the composition to ensure the spreading and distribution of the layer composition. Method of application the product may further contain an optional stage: (3) the impact of the fluid on the solid surface and hence the spreading and distribution layer of the composition to provide additional spreading and distribution of the layer composition. The person skilled in the art it will be clear that clause (3) may be repeated indefinitely as long as the comp�the positions will not be fully distributed over the surface. In some embodiments, the fluid layer is a layer of water.

As described above, the solid surface may be selected from the group consisting of ceramics, glass, metal, polymer, fiberglass, acrylic polymer, stone, etc., and combinations thereof.

The fluid layer can be provided using any means that is suitable for the implementation of the intended function. For example, in the toilet bowl portion of the composition can be applied to the inner surface of the toilet bowl (ceramic hard surface) and wash the toilet to provide a layer of liquid that is required to facilitate migration of the composition on the surface of the toilet bowl. In yet another example, a portion of the composition can be applied to the outer surface of the window. The user can sprinkle the outer window surface with water, using a hose or a power washer, or a layer of water on the window can be applied in the rain. In yet another example, a portion of the composition can be applied to the inner surface of the sink or drain pipe. The user can simply use the water faucet to ensure the water layer on the surface of the sink or drain pipe. In yet another example, a portion of the composition can be applied to the wall of the shower. The user is able to lead souls into action, while providing a layer of liquid on the surface. In yet another when�'ere supposed the liquid layer also can be provided by using a pair or relatively high humidity.

The person skilled in the art would understand that different applications and embodiments of the compositions according to the present invention can be achieved by using different active ingredients or effective means that can vary depending on the required application.

Method of application: principles of dispensing of

There are applicators for gels. For example, in international patent application PCT WO 03/043906 and patent application WO 2004/043825 describes a typical device for the metered supply. However, despite the fact that the above dispensers are successful when applying adhesive gel-like substance on surface, some users may find upsetting their inability to provide the appropriate dosage. In particular, consumers are aware that the cause of excess product can be irrational and lead to the purchase of a composition for unwanted additional refills, while applying insufficient amounts of the product may minimize the effectiveness of the composition.

Non-limiting typical dispenser that is able to provide pre-measured amounts of the compositions and the cat�which can be combined with the compositions according to the present invention, described in the patent application U.S. No. 2007/0007302A1. To not be limited by any theory, it is possible to assume that consumers may prefer to obtain compositions according to the present invention in the form of a unified, discrete portions, because such a device is relatively convenient to use compared with devices in which the consumer himself should regulate the size of portions.

In addition, the person skilled in the art will be understood that when the composition is used in conjunction with measuring dispenser, the dispenser can provide a portion of the composition of any volume and/or size and/or portion, which is suitable for your intended application. Similarly, the shape of the dispenser can be any shape that is required. For example, in Fig. 1 illustrates a typical embodiment of a dispenser 10 that can be used for dispensing gel composition 20 according to the present invention. The dispenser 10 comprises a cylindrical housing 11 containing gel composition 20. The dispenser 10 further comprises a pressure-resistant push button 13, which corresponds exactly to the guide hole 14, and the user can insert into the guide hole 14, and then moving the guide element 15 in the direction opposite to the y-axis, for protectiv�of gel composition 20 in the direction of the outlet spout 12. After moving the guide element 15 by a predetermined distance, the push button 13 can then "push" from the nearest pilot hole 14 to create the opportunity for dispensing defined portions of the composition 20. The cross-section 17-17 of the dispenser 10 may be of any type suitable for the intended purpose. In one of the embodiments of the invention the cross-section 17-17 may be circular. Non-limiting examples of cross-section profiles can be selected from: squares, circles, triangles, ovals, profiles in the form of stars, etc., and combinations thereof.

In one of the embodiments of the invention the composition according to the present invention can be provided in a dispenser, wherein the dispenser provides a uniform portions. In a specific embodiment the unified portion is from about 4 g/serving to about 10 g/serving. In yet another embodiment the unified portion is from about 5 g/serving up to approximately 9 g/serving. In yet another embodiment, the dispenser may provide a uniform portions containing from about 6 to about 8 g/serving. In yet another embodiment, the dispenser can provide p�blithedale from 3 to about 12 standardized portions. In some embodiments, the dispenser can be partipant an additional amount of the composition.

For those embodiments of the invention in which the composition is a solid substance or a solid substance, which can be deformed in the cold state, the typical method and device for dispensing are described in the patent application U.S. No. 2008/0190457.

Experimental results and data

Samples

Samples 1-13 in addition to a surfactant contain a basic set of ingredients. It should be noted that the amount of deionized water in the main set of ingredients is adjusted to the additional surfactants in samples 1-13. The test detergent "Scrubbing Bubbles" in the embodiment described the implementation of an existing product (cleansing gel for toilet Scrubbing Bubbles "Citrus Scent", S. C. Johnson &Son, Racine, WI). The samples according to the patent 6667286 obtained in example 1 of U.S. patent No. 6667286. A sample of the '286 (1) includes a thickening component Rhodopol (Rhodopol®). A sample of the '286 (2) represents a sample which is made with the amounts of ingredients corresponding to the midpoint of the intervals described. The samples measured to determine various properties. Unexpectedly it was found that the samples aderrasi� a surfactant and other ingredients according to the present invention provide the ideal combination of various properties, which is described in more detail below.

A basic set of ingredients ("basis"):

IngredientWt.%
Deionized water64,000000
Ethoxylated C22-alcohol(30 EO)13,000000
Ethoxylated C16-18-alcohol(30 EO)13,000000
Glycerin, USP, 99.5% of5,000000
Quest®F5608055,000000

Samples

SampleSurface-active agentWt.%
1Alkylpolyglycoside 425 N2,00
2Pluronic®F1271,00
3Tergitol®15-S-121,03
4 Laurelthirst sodium1,43
2EO, 70%
5Q2-52111,67
6Leutensol®XL1401,00
7Leutensol®XP 301,00
8Aerosol®OT-NV1,20
9Macat®AO-123,33
10Macat®AO-83,51
11Tegopren®69222,00
12Alkylpolyglycoside 425 N4,00
13Laurelthirst sodium8,00
2EO, 70%
'286 (1)Example patent 6667286 - Rhodopol®6,00
'286 (2)Example 1 of patent 6667286 -
The midpoint of the ranges
6,00
Scrubbing
Bubbles
Quest®F56080512,60

Spreading over the surface

As described above, the compositions according to the present invention among other things, provide an unexpected advantage over existing compositions in the form of increased mobility and migration. Typical compositions obtained according to the section "Detailed description of the invention" and experienced the spreading over the surface, applying the following "method of spreading on the surface."

Unexpectedly, it was observed that the addition of surfactants provides a significant increase (speed) to transfer songs. In one of the embodiments of the invention the compositions according to the present invention provide an indication of the rate of transfer of less than 55 seconds. In yet another embodiment, the compositions according to the present invention provide an indication of the rate of transfer of less than approximately 50 seconds. In yet another embodiment the composition solenostemma the invention provide an indication of the rate of the transfer from about 0 seconds to about 55 seconds. In yet another embodiment, the compositions according to the present invention provide an indication of the rate of the transfer from about 30 seconds to about 55 seconds. In yet another embodiment, the compositions according to the present invention provide an indication of the rate of the transfer from about 30 seconds to about 50 seconds. In yet another embodiment, the compositions according to the present invention provide an indication of the rate of the transfer from about 30 seconds to about 40 seconds.

The results of the determination of the diluted product on the surface (a measure of speed of transfer) are shown below in table C. the Spreading of the product on the surface was measured in test for spillage at the surface, described below.

Table With
The measurement results of spreading of the product over the surface
SampleThe speed of transfer
133,2
247,7
353,3
4 50,5
530,4
6A 50.1
746,3
836,9
937,0
1042,7
1156,9
1238,5
1340,2
BasisA 50.1
'286 (1)65,9
The "Scrubbing Bubbles"39,1

The adhesive properties of compositions

In addition to the mobility of the compositions surprisingly been found that the ability of the composition to adhere to a solid surface provides an additional, unexpected benefits such as long service life of the product during application. The product must have the ability to stick to surfaces for a period of time at least 5 hours, which was measured using the test described below at the time of adhesion. In one variation�tov the invention, the product possesses the minimum time sticking approximately for more than 8 hours. In yet another embodiment, the product possesses the minimum time sticking from about 8 hours to about 70 hours.

The measurement results of the minimum time of adhesion of the product are shown below in table D.

Minimum time of adhesion of the product was measured in the following test at the time of adhesion.

Table D
The measurement results minimum time sticking
SampleThe adhesion (hours)
1>64
264
364
464
564
688
164
864
964
1064
1188
1264
1388
Basis64
'286 (1)6,0
'286 (2)7,5
The "Scrubbing Bubbles"21,0

The temperature of gelation of the composition

There is reason to believe that the additional property, which is true for compositions is the ability to retain its shape, despite the fact that the composition is exposed to relatively high temperatures. Similar to the adhesion properties, the ability to retain its shape and resistance to melting is also important. In particular, as the cooling of the composition is measured at the temperature at which a phase transition occurs in the composition in a state with a viscosity greater than 100 GPa. Furthermore, the presence of a relatively high temperature of gelation of the composition can provide the advantages for the manufacturer during processing, manufacturing, transportation and packaging.

In one of the embodiments of the invention the composition has a temperature of gelation of more than 50°C. In yet another embodiment, the composition has a pace�atural of gelatinization from about 50°C to about 80°C. In yet another embodiment, the composition has a temperature of gelatinization from about 50°C to about 70°C.

The temperature of gelation of the composition was measured in the following test at the temperature of gelation. The results of measuring the temperature of gelation of the composition is shown below in table E.

Minimum time of adhesion of the product was measured in the following test at the temperature of gelation.

Table E
The results of measurements of the temperature of gelation
SampleThe temperature of gelatinization (°C)
172,3
267,9
372,9
472,2
570,0
671,0
171,8
865,6
968,0
1071,4
1168,4
1274,3
1362,1
Basis70,5
'286 (1)68,9
'286 (2)72,7
The "Scrubbing Bubbles"70,5

The viscosity of compositions

In some non-limiting embodiments, the composition according to the invention is in the form of smoothening gel or gel-like composition for the treatment of hard surfaces. In those embodiments in which the compositions are smoothtongue gels, the viscosity of the composition is from about 15000 GPa to approximately 100,000 SDRs. In yet another embodiment, the viscosity is from about 25000 GPa to about 80000 GPa. In yet another embodiment, the viscosity is from about 30000 GPa to about 60000 GPa.

The temperature of gelation of the composition was measured in the viscosity test described below. The viscosity was measured on the basis of 80 Pask�l .h (PA.h) at 25°C and a shear rate of 10.

The "Scrubbing Bubbles"
Table F
The results of viscosity measurements
SampleViscosity(PA.h)
1213
2187
3233
4155
5270
6187
1282
8199
9239
10208
11104
12168
13349
Basis143
'286 (1)309
'286 (2)436
351

The ways of testing

Method of spreading over the surface

"An indication of the rate of migration was measured as described below.

A piece of matte (frosty pattern) or frosted glass size 12×12 inches set in flat-bottomed container that is large enough to hold a piece of glass. The tank is provided with means for discharge of liquid, so that no water remains on the surface of a piece of glass as the experiment at room temperature (about 22°C) in ambient conditions. The glass piece hold the bottom of the water tank with ceramic tiles of size 4×4 inches - one bar on each side from the bottom edge of the piece. The middle piece at a height of 4 inches is not concerned with the bottom so that water can flow down from the glass piece. A piece of glass placed in such a manner that it is at an angle of approximately 39° relative to the bottom of the tank.

On a piece of glass with a step of 0.5 inch from the first edge to the opposite edge of the label is applied for measurement.

On a piece of glass approximately 3.5 inches above the 9 inch label placed glass funnel (length 40 mm, diameter at the outlet 15 mm, volume >100 ml).

A piece of clear glass with room temperature water to remove�ü the remains of surface-active agents. Cleaned piece of glass is then rinsed with water until until the piece will not be observed waviness during spreading.

On a piece of glass in the area of the reference mark is applied to a sample of the composition with a weight of approximately 7 grams (for gels the diameter of the sample is approximately 1.5 inches). On the top of the piece of glass slowly poured four beakers (each with a volume of approximately 200 ml) of water at the mark a height of 9 inches and allow water to drain on a piece of glass to maintain the necessary humidity of the composition.

Then after about a minute, plug the funnel tube and pour approximately 100 ml of water. On a piece of glass approximately marks 9 inch slowly pour an additional 100 ml of water. After about 10 seconds the tube is removed and include the stopwatch as soon as the water in the funnel begins to drain on a piece of glass.

See the appearance of waviness on the surface of a falling water film above composition, which is creeping up on the glass, and record the time at which the composition reaches a mark 5 inches. The test shall be repeated 10 times, the average time in seconds and describe the result as "an indication of the rate of the transfer" (time in seconds).

Test the adhesive properties

The ability of the composition to adhere to a typical hard surface measurements�Yali, as described below.

In the workspace, provided the temperature of approximately 86°F (30°C) to about 90°F (32,2°C). In the workspace, set the relative humidity from about 40% to about 60%.

Applied panel containing twelve glossy ceramic tiles standard size of 4.25×4,25 inch, glossy ceramic tiles were arranged in 3 rows (in the direction of y-axis)×4 rows (in the direction of x-axis), the United and cemented by mortar on the back surface of the plexiglass.

The panel was rinsed with warm (approximately 75°F (23,9°C) to about 85°F (29,4°C) tap water with a sponge made of cellulose. Then the panel is again thoroughly rinsed with warm tap water. To wipe the entire tile panels used tissue on the surface of which is formed of pellets, (e.g., Kimwipe®, Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc., Neenah, WI), saturated isopropanol.

The panel was placed in a horizontal position (i.e., so that the plane of the panel was horizontal to the floor or the surface of the bench).

On the surface of the panel provided samples with a diameter of about 1.5 inches and a weight of about 5.5 g to about 8.0 g so that the lower part of the sample in contact with the upper�, horizontally oriented (i.e., in the direction of x-axis) seam grout on the panel. The samples were spaced approximately 2 inches apart. To draw a straight line (parallel to the direction of the x-axis) of about 0.75 inches below the top seam of the grout used permanent marker.

Then the panel is moved to the vertical position (i.e. a position where the plane of the panel is perpendicular to the floor or the surface of the bench). As soon as the panel is moved to a vertical position included stopwatch. The time needed for the sample to crawl on the bathroom floor at a distance approximately 1.5 times the diameter of the specimen was measured and recorded as the adhesion of the pattern."

Test viscosity

A Brookfield viscometer with cone/plate" temperature-controlled (Brookfield Engineering Laboratories, Inc., Middleboro, MA) was used according to manufacturer's instructions. The specific parameters used in the device: shear rate 10; cone C-25-1; and a gradual decrease in temperature from 80°C to 25°C for 240 seconds. The device provides a measurement of viscosity in Pascal units.h (PA.h).

Test the temperature of gelation

A Brookfield viscometer with cone/plate" with �reguliruemoi temperature (Brookfield Engineering Laboratories, Inc., Middleboro, MA) was used according to manufacturer's instructions. The specific parameters used in the device: shear rate 10; cone C-25-1; and a gradual decrease in temperature from 80°C to 25°C for 240 seconds. The temperature of gelation was recorded as the temperature at which the phase transition of the composition to a viscosity of more than 100 GPa as the composition is cooled.

Example 1: Surface water migration along the water film

To illustrate the unexpected range and velocity of the Marangoni effect provided by the composition according to the invention, the following describes the experiment.

Traditional white toilet (Kohler Co., Kohler, WI) double-cleanse with the use of traditional detergent (detergent for bathroom and toilet "The Works" (20% HCl)) and brushes to ensure that the ceramic surface of the toilet bowl is not present any material. On the surface of the toilet bowl spray 5% solution of blue dye in the water to create a substantially smooth blue coating on the entire surface of the toilet bowl above the water level. According to visual observation for approximately one minute, the dye remains essentially uniformly blue and motionless and essentially does not move. When the toilet flush, the dye is washed off with water.

A sample of the composition weighing approximately 7 grams of the specified vysekal "sample 2", struck in separate portions to the same place on the upper surface of the toilet bowl above the water level. The toilet flushed so that the water flowed over composition and the inner surface of the toilet bowl. After this, the solution blue dye was again sprayed on the surface of the toilet bowl to cover the entire area above the water level, which is marked with blue paint. As a result of visual observation for about two minutes found that the blue dye was removed from the applied composition in all directions due to the material released from the composition, which can be seen visually due to white now the surface of the toilet bowl. By the end of two minutes, the song covers approximately half of the surface of the toilet bowl, which can be seen visually by the substantial absence of blue dye on the surface. To not be limited by any theory, it can be assumed that the spreading of the composition is due to the Marangoni effect.

Due to the spreading of the composition on the surface of the toilet required action undertaken by active means (means) (e.g., detergent, disinfectant and/or flavoring effect) present in the composition, is achieved over a vast area, and provides a aftereffect on the surface, preventing the build-up layer after application and �the steam to water stains.

Example 2: Effect of mineral oil on the adhesive properties of the gel compositions

Samples of compositions (approximately 7 g) according to the present invention, containing 0, of 0.1, 0.5 and 1 wt.% mineral oil (samples E-H, respectively), were tested according to the method described here test the adhesive properties. Two samples of each of samples E-H were applied to tiled panel according to the following test method adhesion properties. In the figures 2A-E are photos tile panels after 8.5 hours, 9.5 hours, 11 hours, 12.5 hours and 15 hours, respectively. Unexpectedly, it was found that compositions with relatively lower wt.% mineral oils tend to have a lower time of adhesion than samples with relatively higher wt.% mineral oil.

Test methoxylamine and mixtures of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols

To ensure increased adhesive properties to improve product performance, it is desirable to maintain the point of gelation of the composition, maintaining the balance between the minimum processing temperatures during manufacture of the product and maintaining the gel structure. Such property shall be maintained in conditions of shipping, storage and application. The use of mixtures of linear primary C9-C 17-alcohols and their ethoxylated mixtures serves to decrease the value of the point of gelation to the required value, at the same time with minimal effect on adhesive properties, force activation and the maximum viscosity of the gel.

Figure 3 presents a graph relating to four of the formulations of the tested compositions (which are identical in composition, except incorporated therein a mixture of alcohols), showing regressive displacement of the point of gelation depending on the carbon chain length of various primary alcohols in mixtures, i.e. alcohols with an average carbon chain length 11,0 carbon atoms (C11,0), 12.6 carbon atoms (C12,6) and 14.5 carbon atoms (C14,5). Also shown for comparison are the basic formula is (base), which does not contain alcohol.

From the regressive bias point of gelation depending on the carbon chain length alcohols on the figure 3 to get an optimum reduction in the value of the point of gelation in the field of C13 as shown in figure 4. As shown in figure 4, for the length of the carbon chain C11 offsetting the point of gelation was 6.7, for the length of the carbon chain C12,6 the shift of the point of gelation was $ 9.4, and for the length of the carbon chain C14,5 the shift of the point of gelation was 7.6.

On the chart, shown in figure 5, shows a regressive shift of the Zn�tion point of gelation depending on the amount present of a mixture of primary C12,6-alcohols. As seen in the explanation to figure 5, the amount of the mixture of C12,6-alcohols was 0.25 mass%, 0.50 wt.% and 0.75 wt.% in the three respective formulations that are equal in other respects. Also shown for comparison are the basic formula that does not contain alcohol.

In figure 6 a regressive shift of the point of gelation depending on the percentage of attendees C12,6-alcohols illustrates the possibility of obtaining a well-regulated decrease the value of the point of gelation. For recipes, which include NEODOL 23 (average chain length C12,6), for an amount of 0.25% offsetting the point of gelation was 0.9%; for the amount of 0.50% offsetting the point of gelation was 9,4; and for the amount of 0.75% offsetting the point of gelation was 13.7. In formulations where the reduction value of the point of gelation by incorporating mixtures of linear primary alcohols is not performed, there is a phase transition from a liquid phase to a cubic phase gel at a controlled temperature. The decrease in the values of the points of gel formation using a mixture of primary alcohols can lead to the phase of the phase transition, which is faced with a cubic phase gel. This gives a temperature range, where the thickening product exists before getting the sharp increase in viscosity. Such a transitional phase explosion�makes junk. Considering figure 5, data on viscosity in amounts of 0.25%, 0.50% and 0.75% and a viscosity range from 0 to 10 PA.h, the phase transition can be detected.

As shown in figure 7, with increasing amounts of a mixture of primary alcohols described above the phase transition region becomes a more important factor. As shown in figure 8, in the product, where the presence of the phase transition bothers the use of a mixture of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, is used to eliminate this kind of phase transition with minimal impact on the desired overall reduction in the value of the point of gelation. As shown in figure 8, when the level of amoxilonline 1 mol of a phase transition region is significantly reduced, and at the level of amoxilonline 2 mol region of the phase transition is eliminated. Four of the subjects of the formulation, the test results of which are shown in figure 8, does not include alcohol (base) comprise 0.5 wt.% a mixture of primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 (C12,6); 0.5 wt.% mixture of ethoxylated primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 and an average level of amoxilonline 1 mole ethylene oxide (EO) per mole of alcohol (C12.6; 1 EO), and 0.5 wt.% mixture of ethoxylated primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 and an average level�m amoxilonline 2 mol EO per mole of alcohol (C12,6; 2 EO).

As shown in figure 9, when the number of ethoxylated primary alcohol (with an average level of amoxilonline 2 mol EO), which is shown in figure 8, increases to 0.75% wt.%, the region of phase transition appears again. After further increasing amoxilonline this region of the phase transition must be addressed.

Figure 10 summarizes the displacement of the point of gelation and the phase transition for the mixture of primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6 carbon atoms. The data in figure 10 as follows:

Alcohol (%)The displacement of the point of gelationPhase transition
0EO GP2EO GPEO2EO PT
0,2501,90,50
0,59,46,75,10
0,7513,7 8,9106,8

Figure 11 shows the displacement of the point of gelation depending on the % of a mixture of primary alcohols with an average carbon chain length of 12.6, with zero level of amoxilonline and with the level of amoxilonline 2 mol of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Made to the table data as follows:

Alcohol (%)The displacement of the point of gelation
0EO2EO
0,2501,9
0,59,46,7
0,7513,78,9

Test data in respect of formulations containing certain mixtures of linear primary alcohols and mixtures of ethoxylated linear primary alcohols, in the table below. The components of the formulations were the same, except a mixture of alcohols present. As a control sample also shows a compounding basis, not containing alcohol. Each formula was applied identical methods ICP�cal, to be able to compare the obtained data.

BrandThe average chain lengthEONumberAdhesionFTAThe maximum viscosityThe point of gelationThe point of phase transitionThe displacement of the point of gelationPhase transition
Base (no alcohol)NANA0,00%20,0012,629469,770,20,5
NEODOL 2312,600,50%16,2512,526660,3For 65.4-9,45,1
NEODOL 23-1 12,610,50%18,0012,1287Of 64.0For 65.4-5,71,4
NEODOL 23-212,620,50%18,2512,428263,063,0Of-6,70,0
NEODOL 111,000,50%17,5012,028963,0For 65.4Of-6,72,4
NEODOL 4514,500,50%17,7512,828062,166,2-7,64,1
NEODOL 23 12,600,25%19,5012,526370,671,10,90,5
NEODOL 2312,600,75%15,5012,525956,066,2-13,710,2
NEODOL 23-212,620,25%'s 18.7512,427767,867,8Term and 1.90,0
NEODOL 23-212,620,75%16,7512,325960,867,6-8.9 bn6,8
FTA = force activation
EO = ethylene oxide

It should not be assumed that the described here are typical embodiments of the invention are intended to be exhaustive or unduly limit the scope of the invention. Typical embodiments of the invention chosen and described in order to explain the principles of the present invention to specialists in this field to apply the invention in practice. As will be obvious to the person skilled in the art, within the scope of the above description it is possible to implement various modifications. Such modifications that are within the capabilities of the person skilled in the art, form part of the present invention.

It should be noted that terms like "specifically", "preferably," "typically", "generally" and "often" are not used here to limit the scope of the claimed invention or to imply that certain features are critical, required, or even important to the structure or function of the claimed invention. Most likely, only suggested, that such terms will draw attention to alternative or additional signs that can be used or not be used in a particular embodiment of the present invention. It should also be noted that the terms "substantially" and "approximately" are used here for performance�of Alenia uncertainty, which can be considered inherent to any quantitative comparison, value, measurement, or other approval.

Described here and should not be understood as the values, strictly limited listed exact numerical values. Instead, unless otherwise specified, it is assumed that each such size means both of the above value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, it is assumed that the size that is described as "50 mm" means "approximately 50 mm."

All documents cited in the Detailed description of the invention", in relevant part, incorporated herein by reference; the citation of any document should not be construed as recognition that " in the present invention it is a prototype. To some extent any value or definition of a term in this written document contradicts any meaning or definition of the term, which is incorporated herein by reference, because the value or definition relating to the term in this written document, will have the priority value.

1. Cleaning gel composition for application on a hard surface, where the composition contains:
(i) at least 7.5 wt.%, at least one selected surface�but-active substances;
(ii) from greater than 0 wt.% to 2.0 wt.% mixture methoxylamine linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol methoxyethanol mixture includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms, or sexylenomianny mixture of linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol mentioned sexylenomianny mixture includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms;
(iii) at least 25% of water and/or other solvent;
(iv) less than 10 wt.% flavoring, and
where the composition is characterized by the ability to spread over a solid surface in directions of 360° from the specified composition, where the specified ability of spreading is characterized by the rate of speed of the transfer, approximately less than 55 seconds;
the composition is structured to samaadhi to a solid surface onto which the composition, and the adhesion of the composition, measured according to a method defined in the description, is more than 8 hours, including the many streams of water that flowed over the composition, and
where the specified at least one surfactant (i) is different from any of the compounds (ii).

2. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has an indication of the rate of the transfer from 30 seconds to 55 seconds.

3. A composition according to claim 2, where the composition has a speed index of migration from about 30 seconds to a few�about 40 seconds.

4. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition comprises from about 7.5 wt.% to about 20 wt.% surface-active substances.

5. A composition according to claim 1, where at least a surfactant selected from the group consisting of: anionic, nonionic, cationic, amphoteric, zwitterionic surfactants, and combinations thereof.

6. A composition according to claim 5, in which a surfactant is anionic.

7. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has a viscosity of from 15,000 to 100,000 SDRs SDRs.

8. Cleaning gel composition for application on a hard surface on which the composition is applied, where the composition contains:
(i) less than 6 mass. % flavoring; and
(ii) a mixture of methoxylamine linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol methoxyethanol mixture includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbons, or an ethoxylated blend of linear primary alcohols, wherein each alcohol sexylenomianny mixture includes a carbon chain containing 9 to 17 carbon atoms;
(iii) at least 25% of water and/or other solvent; and
where the composition is characterized by the ability to spread over a solid surface in directions of 360° from the specified composition, where the specified ability of spreading is characterized by the rate of speed of the transfer, the composition�known less than approximately 55 seconds;
in which mentioned metaxalona a mixture of linear primary alcohols or ethoxylated blend of linear primary alcohols is present in an amount sufficient to reduce the temperature of the mixture of components to provide the composition of approximately 2°C per 0.1 of the mass. % referred methoxyethanol mixture of linear primary alcohols or referred sexylenomianny mixture of linear primary alcohols present in these compositions, and
the composition is structured to samaadhi to a solid surface onto which the composition and the adhesion of the composition, measured according to a method defined in the description, is more than 8 hours, including the many streams of water that flowed over composition.

9. Gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the mentioned metaxalona a mixture of linear primary alcohols or the ethoxylated blend of linear primary alcohols is present in an amount of from more than 0 wt.% to 2.0 mass%.

10. Gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the composition further has a viscosity of from 15,000 to 100,000 SDRs SDRs.

11. Gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the composition has an indication of the rate of the transfer from 30 seconds to 55 seconds.

12. Gel composition according to claim 8, wherein the composition further has a temperature of gelation from 50°C to 80°C.

13. Gel to�noticia according to claim 8, where the composition further comprises a surfactant selected from the group consisting of: anionic, nonionic, cationic, amphoteric, zwitterionic surfactants and combinations thereof, where the specified surfactant is different from any of the compounds (ii).

14. Gel composition according to claim 13 in which the surfactant is present in an amount of from 7.5 wt.% up to 20% by weight.



 

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21 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

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14 cl, 2 ex, 5 tbl, 1 dwg

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2 tbl, 3 ex

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12 cl, 7 tbl, 6 ex

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21 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to medicine and describes method of obtaining delivering particles of fragrance, containing core material and envelope, said envelope at least partially surrounds said core material and at least 75% of said delivering particles of fragrance are characterised by tensile strength from approximately 0.2 MPa to approximately 10 MPa, with particle size from approximately 1 micron to approximately 80 micron and thickness of particle walls from approximately 60 nm to approximately 250 nm; and said delivering particles of fragrance are characterised by release of fragrance from 0% to approximately 30%. In addition to creation of possibility to reduce number of agent which produces favourable impact, such particles make it possible to extend spectrum of applied agents which produce favourable impact.

EFFECT: in cases of application in compositions, for instance, detergents, or compositions for fabric care, such particles increase efficiency of delivery of agent which produces favourable impact, making it possible to use reduced amounts of agents which produce favourable impact.

11 cl, 9 tbl, 13 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes fabric softening compositions containing approximately from 0.01 to 50% cationic or nonionic softening compound; approximately from 0.01 to 5% fragrance component; and at least 0.001 wt % polymer material capable of holding ingredients of a volatile fragrance component, containing: at least approximately 0.001 wt % cross-linked polymer containing at least one vinyl monomer; and approximately from 5000 to 100000 ppm divinyl cross-linking agent. Also disclosed is a fabric softening method which involves bringing fabric into contact with the composition of a fabric softening agent in an effective amount, where contact takes place by sprinkling, rubbing or rinsing.

EFFECT: improved composition properties.

26 cl, 5 ex, 4 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stable soluble single-dose articles. Described is a fabric care article containing a non-aqueous liquid composition containing a cationic polymer - cationic cellulose, a fatty acid or a salt, water and an anionic surfactant, wherein the cationic polymer is present in the form of particles. Also described is a method of producing a single-dose article.

EFFECT: providing a fabric care article without deterioration of film solubility or useful effect in fabric care.

9 cl, 3 tbl, 7 ex

Foaming detergent // 2543713

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aqueous foaming composition for hands, containing castor oil maleate in amount from 0.1 to 1% of composition weight, PEG-7 glyceryl cocoate in amount from 0.05 to 0.3% of composition weight, glycerol in amount from 0.5 to 6% of composition weight, PEG-6 of glycerides of caprylic/capric acid in amount from 0.05 to 1% of composition weight and SAS. Glycerol is present in amount greater than amount of castor oil maleate or glyceryl cocoate PEG-7, and said composition has viscosity from 1 to 100 mPa·s (sP).

EFFECT: obtaining aqueous foaming composition for hands, which is capable of providing foam stability, has lower tendency for flowing and soiling when applied and creates more pleasant sensations for skin.

7 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of purifying a substrate, which can be represented by dishes or linen. The claimed method includes a contact of a substrate in the wash cycle with an aqueous cleaning solution, which contains water diluents and a solid detergent composition. The said composition contains an oligomer of glycolic and/or lactic acid with the average degree of polymerisation from 1.8 to 6, with the oligomer of glycolic and/or lactic acid providing a regulated release of glycolic and/or lactic acid in the cleaning solution, creating a gradient of acidic pH during the wash cycle. The claimed method makes it possible to eliminate the necessity of dosing a separate rinsing additive in a rinsing cycle due to the creation of the pH gradient during the wash cycle.

EFFECT: invention also relates to a solid multi-phase detergent composition, including the oligomer of glycolic and/or lactic acid with the average degree of polymerisation from 1,8 to 6.

10 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to active compositions of a fabric softener. Described is a composition of the fabric softener, containing from 80 to 95 wt % of bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)dimethylammonium chloride ether of fatty acid, which has a ratio of quantity of moles of fatty acid fragments to the quantity of moles of amine fragments, equal from 1.80 to 1.96, an average length of a chain of fatty acid fragments constituting from 16 to 18 carbon atoms and a iodine number, equal from 0 to 50, from 2 to 8 wt % of fatty acid triglyceride, which has an average length of fatty acid fragments constituting from 10 to 14 carbon atoms, and a iodine number equal from 0 to 15, and from 3 to 12 wt % of alcohol, selected from a group, including ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol. Also claimed is a method of obtaining the fabric softener composition.

EFFECT: low viscosity of melt, high stability in a melted state and bad inflammability.

8 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: described is a detergent, which contains alkali metal hydroxide, a solution of sodium hypochloride with the concentration of active chlorine 180 g/l and water, additionally containing a water-soluble copolymer based on acrylic and maleic acids with the molecular weight of 40000 - 70000 g/mol, tetrasodium salt of oxyethylenediphosphonic acid, salts of phosphinocarboxylic acid or phosphinocarboxylic acid with the following component ratio, wt %: alkali metal hydroxide 10-35%, solution of sodium hypochloride with the concentration of active chlorine 180 g/l 20-50%, water-soluble copolymer based on acrylic and maleic acids with the molecular weight 40000 - 70000 g/mol 0.2-10%, tetrasodium salt of oxyethylenediphosphonic acid 0.5-5%, salts of phosphinocarboxylic acid or phosphinocarboxylic acid 0.5-5%, water - the remaining part.

EFFECT: increased antibacterial properties and exploitation characteristics due to improved efficiency of the ratio of the detergent composition and sodium hypochlorite concentration in the liquid form of a combination of ingredients, extension of the assortment of universal detergents, high washing and disinfecting properties.

4 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to active fabric softener compositions. Described is an active fabric softener composition which contains a) not less than 50 wt % bis-(2-hydroxypropyl)-dimethylammonium methylsulphate ester of a fatty acid, having molar ratio of fatty acid moieties to amine moieties ranging from 1.5 to 1.99, average chain length of fatty acid moieties ranging from 16 to 18 carbon atoms, and iodine number of fatty acid moieties calculated for a free fatty acid ranging from 0.5 to 50, and b) 0.5-5 wt % fatty acid. Also described is a method of producing the fabric softener composition.

EFFECT: good softening capacity, good stability when stored in an aqueous dispersion, the softener composition can be used and processed in a liquid state without adding a flammable solvent.

15 cl, 2 tbl, 19 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: described is a concentrated liquid detergent composition which contains: (A) anionic surfactant, (B) amphoteric surfactant, (C) 5-15 wt % monoatomic or diatomic alcohol, (D) 8-18 wt % nonionic surfactant with NOB value of 0.8-1.1 and molecular weight of 500 or less, and (E) 45 wt % or less water, where the sum of (A) and (B) ranges from 40 to 60 wt %; where the ratio (C):(D) in the mixture ranges from 3.5:1 to 1:2.5; and where viscosity at 30°C is 300 mPa·s or higher, when the composition is diluted to concentration of (A) and (B) of 15 wt %.

EFFECT: obtaining a concentrated detergent while maintaining the respective viscosity by diluting with water, low power consumption.

7 cl, 7 tbl, 5 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a method of producing a liquid fabric softener composition using shearing, turbulence and/or cavitation. Described is a method of producing a liquid fabric softener composition containing an active fabric softener component (quaternary ammonium compound, preferably a diether compound of quaternary ammonium), wherein the method comprises steps of providing a device and carrying out the method.

EFFECT: disclosed method requires lower operating pressure than conventional shearing, turbulence and/or cavitation processes.

6 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex, 2 dwg

Fabric softener // 2515236

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of producing a fabric softener. Disclosed are methods of producing a fabric softener composition, containing 1-49% bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-diethylammonium chloride of a fatty acid ester by weight of the composition, which include a step of mixing water with an active composition (FSAC), wherein the FSAC contains 65-95% by weight of FSAC of bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-diethylammonium chloride of a fatty acid ester, having molar ratio of fatty acid fragments and amine fragments of 1.80-1.96, average chain length of fatty acid fragments of 16-18 carbon atoms and iodine number, calculated for a free fatty acid, of 0-50, 2-8% by weight of FSAC of a fatty acid triglyceride, having average chain length of fatty acid fragments of 10-14 carbon atoms and iodine number, calculated for a free fatty acid, of 0-15, and 3-12% by weight of FSAC of alcohol, selected from ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol.

EFFECT: preparing a fabric softener composition with low content of flammable solvents, low melt viscosity and high stability in molten state.

22 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a liquid acidic composition for cleaning solid surfaces, having pH from 2.1 to 2.4 and containing formic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid and an alkaline substance. The present invention also relates to a method of cleaning a solid surface or an object (versions) and to use of an alkaline substance in a liquid acidic composition for cleaning solid surfaces.

EFFECT: obtaining a liquid acidic composition for cleaning solid surfaces, which provides good scale removal characteristics and is not corrosive.

18 cl, 23 ex, 6 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of chemical cleaning of textile, leather or fur products. Described is application of solvent of general formula , in which x stands for integer number from 1, R1 and R3 independently on each other stand for H, R2 and R4 independently on each other stand for non-substituted or substituted linear or branched C2-C8-n-alkyl or C2-C8 isoalkyl residue.

EFFECT: high cleaning efficiency.

11 cl

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