Device for correction of sleep characteristics

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device for correction of sleep characteristics contains sensor for registration of electrodermal activity EDA, connected with unit of analysis and extraction of signals of skin-galvanic responses SGR, generator of stimulating electric pulses, on-skin electrodes and control unit. Device is made in form of monoblock with possibility of fastening on user's palm. Monoblocks case has front and back side, and fastening elements. Three electrodes, placed with possibility of galvanic connection with skin of user's hand palm, are located on back part. Measuring electrode is connected to input of sensor for EDA registration, with stimulating electrode being connected to output of generator of electric pulses, with the third one being common neutral electrode of galvanic circuits of said sensor and generator. Units of analysis and extraction of SGR signals and control unit are made on base of microprocessor with possibility of periodical control of current condition of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin, cyclic measuring of SGR intensity and supply of stimulating electric pulses in pauses between SGR measuring, and provide three modes of functionality: sleeping mode - in absence of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin; mode of EDA registration - in presence of galvanic contact of electrodes with skin, including extraction of SGR pulses and counting their quantity N for given time interval and comparison with threshold value; mode of stimulation - if quantity N of SGR pulses exceeds threshold value, including periodical supply of electric pulses to stimulating electrodes during specified time interval.

EFFECT: invention application makes it possible to extend arsenal of technical means for correction of patient's physical condition during sleep and further wakefulness, increase index of slow-wave sleep stage, power of delta-waves and therefore deepen sleep sensation, phases of fast eye motions, and increase sleep quality in general.

9 cl, 10 dwg

 

The invention relates to medical equipment and can be used in a clinical setting and the home for the treatment of sleep disorders, neuroses, depression and psycho-emotional disorders.

The problem of sleep disorders and depressive States are extremely relevant due to the wide spread of these diseases in recent years. Describes the many methods of treatment of these disorders, including physical methods, which allow to some extent to correct the structure of sleep and depression. Studies have found that visceral systems of the body in slow wave phase are associated with the activity of Delta waves in the phase of slow-wave sleep (Pigarev I. N. "Visceral theory of sleep", IWND, 2013, vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 86-104). In turn, sleep disorders and sleep of patients with depression due to low index-REM sleep. It is shown that low-frequency electrical stimulation increases the duration of stages of slow-wave sleep in the first half of the night and increases the strength of the Delta-waves in these stages that, overall, helps normalize sleep (Indursky P. A., Markelov V. V., Shakhnarovich V., Dorokhov V. B. "low-Frequency electrocutaneous stimulation of the hand during the stage of slow-wave sleep at night: Physiological and therapeutic effects". Physical�proposed methodology human 2013, vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 91-105).

The described method of stimulation of the human body in slow-wave sleep stages (RU 2304988 C2, Dunaevsky, Indursky, 27.08.2007). Conduct low-amplitude electric and/or magnetic stimulation, awakening the patient. When this stimulation is carried out during the stages of slow-wave sleep at night on a frequency in the range 0,5÷4 Hz, close to the characteristic frequency Delta activity in the brain of the patient. The duration of the continuous cycle of stimulation - not less than 10 min with repetition in all stages of slow-wave sleep during the night. The total duration of the primary course is not less than 10 consecutive nights. When the positive dynamics, the treatment is continued, and in the absence of the dynamics of moving to a different type of stimulation: electrical to magnetic and Vice versa, or for combined stimulation, which consistently use electric and magnetic stimuli for one night or two subsequent nights. However, this method does not provide for the use of stand-alone hardware and does not disclose means to automatically track the onset and end stage of slow-wave sleep.

Described various electro-stimulation devices for the treatment of insomnia and other disorders. Thus, in the device EN 112630 U1, Altukhov, etc., 20.01.2012)the described device, in �oterom programmable microprocessor determines the conditions of formation of pulses, coming from the generator to the amplifier output signal, which sets the current pulses on the electrodes of the pacemaker. Effects on theta and Delta brainwaves decreases the activity of brain structures, which leads to stop pain, relieve fears and varied spasms, antidepressant effects, provides relaxation and peace. The disadvantage of this solution is the lack of feedback.

Device for removing psychophysiological stress (RU 00095 U1, Feoktistov, etc., 25.10.1994) comprises a series-connected control unit, the block of generation of control signals in the form of a single chip computer, a decoder, a signal generation unit exposure and polymodal block effects on the human senses, sensors, respiration and galvanic skin response. However, in this arrangement, the sensors are intended for the formation of noise signals and training will and does not provide for the stimulation of sleep.

The patent (CN 202892665 (U), HUANG HAIHUA et al., 24.04.2013) described the microprocessor device for treatment of sleep disorders in which there is an electrical stimulator, controlled by signals from electrodes placed on the head and chest of the patient, tracking the variability of heart activity, wherein the electrical stimulation is carried out through the acupuncture points that relieves the symptoms of insomnia. �however the unit does not track individual dynamics of the structure of sleep. In another invention (CN 103055417 (A), LIU GANG, et al., 24.04.2013) therapeutic apparatus with multiple functions includes a module for monitoring the state of breathing in real time, the signal generation unit is electrical stimulation, and neimplantate percutaneous electrodes. However, used in the invention, the respiratory monitoring unreliable reflects the structure of sleep disorders breathing and the saturation level of sleep Delta waves.

In the patent CN 202020792 (U), DINGWAN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY SUZHOU CO LTD, 02.11.2011 described a device for electrical stimulation of the nervous system with an external detection device is sleeping, including the pulse generator and the electrode, which is connected to the pulse generator. The system also contains an external detection device is sleeping, which is used to evaluate whether the patient is in deep sleep. However, the invention is not disclosed, the principle of detection of a deep sleep.

The closest to the claimed invention is a device for tracking the emergence and end of slow-wave sleep stages by recording electrodermal activity (EDA) and electrical stimulation (EN 2431508 C1, NEUROCOM, 20.11.2011 - prototype). Determine the number N of electrical impulses galvanic skin response (GSR) and classified sleep States. As an electrical�about stimulus serves rectangular pulses with a frequency of fill 1-2 kHz, amplitude from 50 to 500 μa and a current density of not higher than 500 mA/cm2. The device includes the following elements: attachable to the body of the patient electrodes to reception of ED, connected to the receiving unit ED; the unit of analysis ED and allocation of GSR signals; the unit of analysis of the current patient's dream with the identification of the current state of sleep; a control unit connected to the stimulus generator, in the described case, the electric generator of rectangular pulses with a frequency of fill 1-2 kHz with adjustable amplitude, duration, pulse repetition rate, the output of which is connected to the electrodes for application of the stimulus. However, this solution is presented in the form of a principle and not disclose the specific implementation, and, in addition, provides means for automatic regulation of electrical stimulation.

The present invention is directed to the development of an Autonomous wearable device to achieve effective sleep and a more productive use of sleep time.

Patent device for the correction of the characteristics of sleep contains a sensor for ED associated with units of analysis and extraction of signals kGy, generator electrical stimulating pulses, skin electrodes, and a control module.

The difference of the invention is that the device is in the form of a monoblock with the possibility of fixing �and the palm of the user, a housing that has front and rear sides and the fastening elements.

On the rear side of the body there are three electrodes that are installed with the possibility of galvanic coupling with the skin of the palm of the user's hands, one of which, measuring, connected to the sensor input for reception of ED, other incentive - to the output of the generator of electric pulses, and the third is the common neutral electrode galvanic circuits of said sensor and generator.

The units of analysis and extraction of signals kGy and control unit is made on the basis of the microprocessor to periodically monitor the current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin, cyclical measure the intensity of GSR and supply of electrical stimulating pulses in the intervals between measurements of GSR and provide three modes of operation:

- sleep mode in the absence of galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin;

mode register ED in the presence of galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin, including the allocation of GSR and pulse counting their number N in a given time interval and comparison with the threshold value;

stimulation mode when the number N of pulses GSR is above the threshold value, including periodic submission of electronic�quarter of pulses on stimulating electrodes within a specified time interval.

The device may be characterized in that the control current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin is carried out by measuring the electrical resistance between the measuring and neutral electrodes and monitoring the current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin is carried out by applying a voltage between the stimulating and neutral electrodes and measure the current.

The device can be characterized by the fact that a galvanic contact of the electrodes with the skin in the sleep mode is determined by periodic measurements of the electrical resistance R between the measuring and neutral electrodes and compared with the threshold value.

The device may also be characterized in that the allocation of GSR and pulse counting their number N is carried out for a time interval equal to the previous 60 s, and when N is equal to 6 on the stimulating electrodes are fed with electrical pulses during a time interval of 30 s.

The device may also be characterized by the fact that the electric pulse generator adapted to feed on stimulating electrodes of current pulses with a duration of 5-15 MS, the repetition period of pulses of 0.5-1.5 and with a value not less than 30 μa.

The device can be characterized, moreover, by the fact that microp�of ocessor is arranged to store in its internal memory settings kGy, integral characteristics of the pulses kGy and stimulating electrical impulses and choice of level of stimulation for use in subsequent nights.

The device can be characterized, moreover, in that it contains a wireless data communication module for further analysis, as well as the fact that on the front side of the body is the battery cover.

The technical result - expanding Arsenal of technical means for correction of the physical condition of the patient during sleep and wakefulness, increasing the index of the stage of slow-wave sleep, the power of Delta waves thereby allows to deepen the feeling of sleep, phases of rapid eye movements, increase sleep quality in General.

Patenting the device implements automatic switching nepoboialsea non-invasive low-frequency pulse stimulation at a certain point - the highest intensity of GSR. Off the same pulse stimulation is performed at the point in time when the intensity of GSR is reduced to a predetermined level. Electrical stimulation is included with pauses, the measurement of the intensity of GSR is held and in the intervals between stimulations.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, where:

Fig. 1 - shows a block diagram of the device;

Fig. 2 - place the device on the hand;

Fig. 3 - the design of the device, V� electrodes on the back side;

Fig. 4 - the same as in Fig. 3, a side view;

Fig. 5 - the same as in Fig. 3, viewed from the front;

Fig. 6 is a state diagram of the microprocessor (MP) in the operation;

Fig. 7 - algorithm of functioning of the MP in sleep mode;

Fig. 8 - algorithm of functioning of the MP in the measurement mode;

Fig. 9 - algorithm of functioning of the MP in the measurement mode during pauses;

Fig. 10 - algorithm of functioning of the MP in the mode of stimulation.

The block diagram of the device shown in Fig. 1. The device contains MP 1, which may be made of, for example, on the basis of chip part no atmega88pa-MU Atmel and sensor 2 ED. The device includes a power element 3 (battery), two 4 led for indication of operating modes and the charging element 3. Unit 5 generating electrical pulses to control the current strength, duration and period of generation connected to the microprocessor 1.

Fig. 2 shows the placement of the device on the palm, and Fig. 3-5 - the design of the device. The housing 20 of the device has the back and front side.

On the back side placed three electrodes 21, 22, 23, providing a galvanic connection with the skin of the palm of a hand of the user. The electrode 21 is neutral, the electrode 22 and measuring, the electrode 23 is stimulating. The housing 20 is associated with the element 24 to secure the device on the palm, for example a belt or strap. Alicaway surface placed cover 25 battery compartment, and the indicator 26 on the basis of the 4 LEDs.

The device operates in the sleep mode, measurement mode and the measurement mode to the mode of stimulation, the relationship between which is schematically shown in Fig. 6, and the algorithms are presented in Fig. 7-10.

MP 1 performs the measurement of the electrical resistance R between measuring 22 and neutral electrodes 21; analysis of the values of the resistance R and the detection pulses kGy. Based on the analysis of a temporal sequence of pulses kGy, the decision on the commencement, continuation or termination of the stimulation.

Further, in accordance with its programmed algorithms, the MP-1 is involved in the formation of the control commands of block 5 generating electric pulses of current at a given frequency and duration applied between neutral 21 23 and stimulating electrodes. In addition, the MP-1 monitors the voltage of the battery and display control different modes of operation and the level of charge item 3.

In sleep mode (see Fig. 7) the device with a period of Tson=3 produces a measurement of the resistance R. In the intervals between measurements MP 1 is in the low power state. For each measured value R is compared with the threshold value R=3 MW.

At values of R>R the slave device continues�in the sleep mode. The value of R≤R corresponds to the normal contact of the electrodes 21, 22 with the skin. In this case, additional checks electrical contact stimulating electrode 23 with the skin: on the stimulating electrode voltage and the measured current value 1. If the value 1 is close to 0, we conclude that insufficient electrical contact of the electrode 23 with the skin, and the device remains in sleep mode. Otherwise, the conclusion about the normal contact of the three electrodes with the skin, and the device is in measurement mode, the alarm led lights up for 4 seconds.

In the measurement mode (see Fig. 8) is periodic with frequency F=8,3 Hz measurement resistance R. After each measurement, R is the post-processed to detect pulses kGy. At the same time is counting the number N of detected pulses GSR for the last magnetism=60 C. when the number N=6, the device enters the mode of stimulation. In the mode of stimulation pulsing led 4 lights up every 4 to 10 MS.

During each measurement the value of R is compared with the threshold value R=3 Mω. If R>R recorded in succession within a specified time interval Tout=30 C, it is concluded that the device is removed from the hands (or the contact measuring and Nate�exponentially electrodes with the skin is bad, what is also interpreted as "the device is removed from the hands"). In the latter case, the device is put into sleep mode.

In the mode of stimulation (see Fig. 9) MP 1 periodically generates a potential difference between neutral 21 and 23 stimulating electrodes necessary for the flow of a stimulating current pulse of a given magnitude is 100 μa. The pulse duration Timp=10 MS; repetition period of pulses of Tper=1,0 p. In the mode of stimulation signal led 4 lights up once in 1 second, 22 milliseconds.

The duration of stimulation is Cstim=30 C, after which the device switches to measuring mode during pauses.

In the measurement mode during pauses (see Fig. 10) is periodic with frequency G=8,3 Hz resistance measurement R, searches pulses kGy, and counting their number. The duration of the measurement mode in the pauses leave Taus=30 s. At the end of the measurement mode in the intervals of the number N of pulses GSR is compared with the threshold value of N=3. If N≥N, the device switches to the mode of stimulation. In the event that the number N<N, the device switches to measuring mode.

In the mode of stimulation in the pauses of the signal led lights up once in 4 to 10 MS.

The correction device characteristics of sleep is used as follows. The device is fixed on the patient's palm show� in Fig. 2, so that all three electrodes adjacent to the palm, and then the device operates autonomously and automatically. Measured ED are differentiated pulses kGy, when the intensity of GSR specified level is enabled aprobada pulse stimulation of the prescribed duration at a frequency of 1 Hz and a current pulse 500 mA. In the subsequent pause again measured ED. When the intensity of GSR in the pause equal to or greater recommended values turns back on stimulation with the established duration, if the GSR value less than that specified, the measurement continues. Stimulation performs subthreshold nepoboialsea electric stimulation of the receptors of the palm, which presumably reaches the upper areas of the brain stem and reticular formation, rhythmically activating Delta waves sleeping patient. The value of the differential component of skin resistance can be used to optimize the stimulation parameters within the allowed values of current and the pulse frequency.

For the specialist it is obvious that the described modes of operation of the device is shown only as an example and may vary when using other chips and components.

Thus, a device operating in the automatic mode,provides expansion of Arsenal of technical means, which can be used to correct the patient's physical condition during sleep and wakefulness, allow to increase the index of the stage of slow-wave sleep, the power of Delta waves and thereby to deepen the feeling of sleep, improve its overall quality. Said technical result is confirmed by the test device for the correction of the characteristics of sleep in patients.

1. A device for correction of the characteristics of sleep, containing a sensor for electrodermal activity (EDA) associated with units of analysis and extraction of signals galvanic skin response (GSR), generator electrical stimulating pulses, skin electrodes, a control module,
characterized in that
the device is made in the form of a monoblock with the possibility of fixing on the palm of the user, the body of which has the front and rear sides and the fastening elements,
on the rear side of the body there are three electrodes that are installed with the possibility of galvanic coupling with the skin of the palm of the user's hands, one of which is measuring and is connected to the input of the sensor for the registration of ED, other incentive - to the output of the generator of electric pulses, and the third is the common neutral electrode galvanic circuits of said sensor and generator,
the units of analysis and ejecta� GSR signals and the control module is made on the basis of the microprocessor to periodically monitor the current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin, cyclic measurements of the intensity of GSR and supply of electrical stimulating pulses in the intervals between measurements of GSR and provide three modes of operation:
sleep mode - when there is no galvanic contact of the electrodes with the skin;
registration mode ED - in the presence of galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin, including the allocation of GSR and pulse counting their number N in a given time interval and comparison with the threshold value;
stimulation mode - when the number N of pulses GSR is above the threshold value, including periodic electrical pulses on stimulating electrodes within a specified time interval.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the control current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin is carried out by measuring the electrical resistance between the measuring and neutral electrodes.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the control current status of the galvanic electrodes are in contact with the skin is carried out by applying a voltage between the stimulating and neutral electrodes and measure the current.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the galvanic contact of the electrodes with the skin in the sleep mode is determined by periodic�on the measurement of electrical resistance between the measuring and neutral electrodes and comparing it with the threshold value.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the allocation of GSR and pulse counting their number N is carried out for a time interval equal to the previous 60 s, and when N is equal to 6 on the stimulating electrodes are fed with electrical pulses during a time interval of 30 s.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the electric pulse generator adapted to feed on stimulating electrodes of current pulses with a duration of 5-15 MS, the repetition period of pulses of 0.5-1.5 and with a value not less than 30 μa.

7. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the microprocessor is arranged to store in the internal memory of the parameters of the integral characteristics of pulses kGy and stimulating electrical impulses and choice of level of stimulation for use in subsequent nights.

8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a wireless data communication module for further analysis.

9. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that on the front side of the body is placed a battery cover.



 

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2 cl, 6 dwg, 10 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and can be used in psychology, physical training and sport. Physical exercises are realised by a system of physical interactions, performed in the mode of training and autotraining. The system includes carrying out the exercises with the uniform extension of the spine, the patient stretches oneself upward with the vertex and downward with the coccyx, and in the order, given in the invention formula. First, the exercises for the spine and the chest are performed in a sitting on stool position, followed by a series of exercises for stretching the popliteal muscles from a lying on the back position. Bending and unbending of the legs, circular "bicycle" and "frog" movement are performed. Alternating muscle stretching is carried out by the spiral movement of the legs inwards, in a lying on the back position, exercise - circles, described in a parallel way by both knees, circular "dolphin-like" movement by two connected together legs, "dolphin" in a reverse direction, complete circles by the legs, exercise "lobster's tail", "scissors", "eight", "tortoise", combinations "stretch the bow", "rowing on kayak", "breaststroke swimming", "stretch the bow - without stopping", making the movements in accordance with the invention formula. A combination of movements "upward the rope", rotation of the shoulder joint is executed. After that, a series of exercised for the legs is performed in a sitting on a stool position, in the form of a succession of combinations in accordance with the invention formula, namely "dangle your legs", "circle forward and backward", "eight", "slalom", "pronation-supination", "rhombus", " claps by feet". After that, a series of exercises for the abdomen muscles are performed, using lifting of the body in arcs forward and backward, the movement "penknife" in accordance with the invention formula. Then, a series of exercises for training of the iliopsoas muscle and deep abdominal muscles, exercises for the shoulder girdle relaxation, exercises for the development of the vestibular apparatus and cardiovascular system are performed, the movements are performed in accordance with the invention formula.

EFFECT: invention ensures the contraction, relaxation and elongation of the musculature with the minimal effort, increased radius of movements, simultaneous development of coordination, strength and flexibility, functional possibilities of the spine.

5 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: person being tested is presented with a package of cards containing testing images. A package of 24 cards, each of which contains an image reflecting a character according to twelve C. Pearson's heroic archetypes, such as Innocent, Hero, Orphan, Caregiver, Explorer, Outlaw, Lover, Creator, Sage, Magician, Lester and Ruler. A half of the cards represent specific archetype images, while a second half contains abstract images signifying the above archetypes. The person being tested ranges the images on the cards as their attraction for him/her decreases. The cards appeared in the group of 'attractive' ones, show the primary personal archetypes, while the cards from the group of 'unattractive' are used to present the archetypes rejected by the conscious ego of the person being tested. Four or five cards are grouped; where it is necessary to specify the members of the primary archetypes from both groups therein, the archetype with the greatest range in the group and/or the archetypes specific and abstract images of which appear in the same group, are preferred.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to specify the primary archetypes and the archetypes rejected by the conscious describing the personality by detecting and quantifying a degree of prevalence of various psychological personal characteristics.

24 dwg, 5 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: patients keep a diet with reducing an amount of liquid taken up to 1.5l a day that is compensated by the intravenous administration of solutions an amount and composition of which depends on a degree of water-electrolyte disturbances. Additionally, after bandage removal, the wound and edges of the fistulous passage is 5% potassium permanganate, which is then washed with 3% hydrogen peroxide. A mouth of the fistula and the wound edges are dried. That is followed by an aeration of the mouth of the fistula with a cooled plasma flow of nitrogen monoxide at a depth of 0.5cm in the therapeutic mode of 2000 mg/m3 and exposition of 1.5min. The mouth of the fistula and the wound edges are treated with a plasma flow of nitrogen monoxide in the concentration within the contact area with the wound surface of 1500 mg/m3 and time of exposure of 20 seconds per each 1 cm2 of the surface. The mouth of the fistula and the wound edges are dried. The mouth is packed with the gauze swab. The fistulous wound is exposed to EHF waves with the pure noise spectrum and the provided integral power on the wound surface of 1.5 mcWt along the perimeter of the mouth at 15mm from the fistulous passage for 30 minutes. The swab is removed. The mouth and the surrounding skin is treated with zinc paste and covered with gauze swabs. The further bandages are performed in the similar way as the bandage wets with the intestinal contents, but no more than 2 times a day and at least once every 3 days.

EFFECT: safe and effective conservative treatment of the intestinal fistulas at any phase of the wound process that enables avoiding risks of surgical intervention and general anaesthesia by rapid reduction of skin maceration and perifocal inflammation surrounding the mouth and prevents them, stimulates the growths of granulocyte tissue and epithelisation of the fistuous wound.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to means for performing cardio-pulmonary resuscitation of people. Device for control of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation contains ultrasound converter, unit of electrodes, connected via interface to processor, connected with display, memory unit, sound signaller, unit of light-diode signallers, unit of connection with central control panel unit of operation mode selection, unit of connection with the internet and, via USB interface, with unit of top level software. Device also contains colour television microcamera, connected via successively installed block of signal amplification and filtration and unit of processing and imposing alignment of images to additional processor input/output, illumination unit, pulse measurement unit, gas analyser, unit of microphones with matching unit, connected with processor and power supply unit. Pulse measurement unit and unit of electrodes are made with possibility of fixation on patient by means of fixation unit, with unit of microphones, controlled illumination unit and gas analyser being fixed on patient by means of additional fixation unit. Method of control contains stages of obtaining ultrasound echo signals and electrosignals, characterising blood flow in blood vessel, determination of blood flow characteristic by impedance of neck tissues in the process of performing cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, presentation of sound and visual information about patient/s condition. After that, current information about patient's condition is formed by television images and geometrical and colour characteristics of eye pupil and eye iris are determined, with estimation of colour and geometrical characteristics of blood vessels. Sound laryngeal signals, exhaled gas and patient's pulse are also read and analysed, light signals are used to signal about patient/s condition and patients condition is estimated basing on data of comparison of standard and current information.

EFFECT: application of invention makes it possible to extend functional possibilities, increase operation speed, immediacy and accuracy in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

16 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method provides blood serum analysis by a bipolar method for multi-frequency impedancemetry to determine impedance modulus (|Z|) and phase angle (φ) at AC low-intensity frequencies 20, 98, 1000, 5000, 10,000, and 20,000 Hz by means of hardware-software complex provided with BIA-lab Compositum software; measurements are taken in a microchamber of 50 mcl; the software automatically calculate the blood serum concentrations of total protein, glucose, chlorides and bivalent ions on the ground of solution of assembled mathematical equations; the result is displayed and can be printed.

EFFECT: higher diagnostic effectiveness by eliminating the need for using chemical agents, reducing the time for analysis, cutting the cost and extending the indications for using the technique.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method consists in diagnosing chronic cardiac failure. The diagnostic procedure involves using the high-frequency electrical impedance analysis. Bipolar measurements of electrical impedance of the chest involve recording average modular impedance |Z| and phase angle φ, and calculating the relation |Z|/|φ|. The measurements taken involve probing with AC current at frequencies 50, 100, 200 and 500 kHz. That implies using electrocardiographic electrodes 21 mm in diameter. The first electrode is placed in the 3rd intercostal space along the left parasternal line. The second one is placed series in three positions. For the first time, the second electrode is placed in the 2nd intercostal space along the left sternal line, lead 3-2. Then, in the 3rd intercostal space along the right parasternal line, lead 3-3. Thereafter in the 5th or 6th intercostals space on the left in a projection of apex beat, lead 3-5. Decreasing angle φ modulus at frequency 200 kHz in lead 3-2 less than 34°, and/or increasing the relation |Z|/|φ| measured at frequency 200 kHz in lead 3-3 more than 15, and/or decreasing the relation |Z|/|φ| measured at frequency 200 kHz in lead 3-5 less than 10 enable diagnosing chronic cardiac failure.

EFFECT: method increases the diagnostic accuracy ensured by measuring combined with recording the above parameters.

4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring an electric potential, performing the mechanical processing of involves dental tissues, and therapeutic treatment. The electric potential is measured in any of acupuncture points (AP) found on the face and connected to the involved teeth. The mechanical processing is performed with using an excavation burr. The electric potential is measured in the acupuncture points throughout the whole mechanical processing of the teeth every 5 seconds. If observing a drastic fall of the electric potential by more than 5 mV has the therapeutic effect on the teeth by terminating the mechanical processing of the teeth and continuing it at a lower rpm.

EFFECT: method provides the higher clinical effectiveness by reducing the pain sense in the patient by controlling the electric potential measurement continuously in one of any acupuncture points found on the face and connected to the involved teeth.

4 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, namely to paediatrics, and can be used to control an amount of breast milk consumed by a nursing infant. The method involves measuring a breast electric resistance and a breast electric capacity before and after breastfeeding. The derived values are multiplied to obtain the characteristics variation information during the breastfeeding. The change information are related to the amount of milk consumed by the infant. What is presented is a breastfeeding control system, which comprises an electric capacity measuring unit designed for measuring the electric capacity variations before and after breastfeeding. Besides, the system comprises a breast electric resistance measuring unit. Also, the system comprises a processing unit configured to calculate the product of the electric capacity and the electric resistance, and to match the derived product with the amount of milk consumed by the nursing infant.

EFFECT: inventions enables controlling the amount of breast milk consumed by the infant and assessing the adequacy of breastfeeding.

16 cl, 20 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preliminary assessment of the reversible abnormal changes of enamel accompanying early cariosity. That is ensured by diagnostic tests of solid dental tissues conducted by using light-induced fluorescence and electrometric measurement techniques followed by therapy involving daily applications of the Radogel-GABA preparation. If observing visually detected changes with a current intensity of 0.21-1.99 mcA in the lesion and the presence of fluorescence, the preclinical changes of enamel are diagnosed requiring 5 therapeutic procedures with the above preparation. Visualised tarnishing of enamel accompanied by a current intensity of 2.00-3.99 mcA in the lesion and the presence of fluorescence, an early carious change of enamel at the stage of a dead spot is diagnosed, and 7 therapeutic procedures are conducted. If visualising a white spot of enamel accompanied by a current intensity of 4.00-5.99 mcA in the lesion and the presence of fluorescence, an early carious change of enamel at the stage of a white spot is diagnosed, and 10 therapeutic procedures are conducted. If visualising a white spot of enamel accompanied by a current intensity of 6.00-7.99 mcA in the lesion and the presence of fluorescence, an early carious change of enamel at the stage of an intense white spot is diagnosed, and 15 therapeutic procedures with the Radogel-GABA preparation are required.

EFFECT: method provides the high-effective therapeutic exposure on caries by the timely recovery of the protein dental matrix with simplicity and ease of use at massive dental visits.

2 tbl

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