Composition for treating seeds of field crops

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to crop production, and can be used for pre-sowing treatment of seeds. The treatment seed is carried out with an aqueous solution of 1% extrasol and 1% starch. At that 100-110 ml of extrasol and 100 ml of starch is taken per 10-11 litres of water for treatment of 1 ton of seeds. After the treatment, the seeds are dried for 2 hours and planted.

EFFECT: method enables to increase the productivity of field crops at minimum cost to its use.

1 tbl


The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the crop, and can be used for presowing treatment of seeds.

The known method of presowing treatment of seeds with a solution of bischofite with a concentration of 5-100 wt. % of the original brine and flow rate 10-15 l/t of seed. When used for seed treatment, a solution of bischofite activate the magnetic field (Patent RU №2224399, C2, AS 1/00, publication date 27.02.2004).

In the known method uses a magnetic field, which changes the structure of the solution that leads to a change in its properties in the future.

The closest technical solution is a Method for improving mountain meadows and pastures", which consists in the simultaneous sowing of grasses in turf and removing rocks and bumps. Grass seeds before sowing processed drug Extresol-55". When sowing seeds mixed with alanita, wood ash and urea in the ratio 1:3:1:1 (Patent RU №2431248).

This method has the following disadvantages: during sowing gradual dripping of the solution from the surface of the seeds, which entails a reduction in the efficiency of seed treatment and crop yields.

A common feature of the prototype and the claimed composition for seed treatment of field crops is the use of Extrasolar 55 as the main component of the composition.�and seeds.

Object of the invention - improving the viability of seeds, plant resistance to pests, diseases and yield of field crops with minimum expenses.

The claimed invention differs from the prototype in that in the solution for seed treatment is injected with 1% starch.

In the claimed object mentioned disadvantages of the prototype are eliminated as follows: in the solution composition additionally introduced a 1% starch.

The invention consists in that the processing of seeds with an aqueous solution of 1% extrasolar and 1% starch. While taking extresol - 100-110 ml and 100 ml starch 10-11 liters of water to process 1 ton of seeds. After treatment, the seeds are dried for 2 hours and produce the planting.

The claimed invention is as follows. The treatment of seeds produced by a composition that consists of 10-11 liters of water per treatment of 1 ton of seeds, a 1% "Extrasolar-55 and a 1% aqueous solution of starch, which contributes to the creation of protective film on the surface of seeds, enveloping the seed. The composition is prepared immediately before sowing with subsequent two-hour drying of seeds.

The preparation of the composition includes the following operations.

Prepare a 1% aqueous solution of extrasolar-55 (1 ml extresol-55 add 100 ml of water).

Prepare a 1% aqueous starch solution (1 ml conc�terouanne starch ows 100 ml of water).

Then take one third from the norm of water (3 liters), which consistently poured aqueous solutions of 1% "Extresol-55 and 1% starch. The liquid made up to volume 10-11 liters.

Seed treatment is prepared with the composition produced immediately before planting.

Pre-sowing seed treatment composition for seed treatment of field crops is as follows. To three liters of water add 1% "Extresol-55" (100 ml) there is added a previously prepared aqueous solution of 1% starch (100 ml), stirring well until smooth, and adding water up to the standard required to process 1 ton of seeds - 10-11 liters. In a container topped with seeds prepared with the composition and thoroughly mixed. Drying of seeds for 2 hours is necessary for the formation of a solid film and prevent dripping of the composition with the surface of the seeds and drying them.

Due to the fact that "Extresol-55" is a biological preparation, solution preparation and processing is done in one day for the purpose of maintaining the manufacturer of the effectiveness of the drug.

Extrasol-55 - drug rhizosphere, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, designed to improve the nutrition of field crops, increase the yield, improves the flow of nutrients in plants, increases WCC�tin seeds accelerates the development of plants, reduces the severity of phytopathogenic microorganisms, thereby increasing the productivity of plants.

Starch contributes to the creation of a film on the surface of seeds, which contributes to a longer contact Extrasol-55" with the seed and prevents the draining of the solution from the surface of the seed.

The effectiveness of Extrasolar-55" 0.5% higher efficiency of the prototype, but inferior to the recommended option. The increase in the concentration is impractical because it leads to lower field germination of seeds and, ultimately, crop yield.

The technical solution is that in contrast to the prior art processing of seeds with an aqueous solution of 1% "of Extrasolar-55 and 1% starch. While taking Extresol-55" - 100-110 ml and 100 ml starch 10-11 liters of water to process 1 ton of seeds. After treatment, the seeds are dried for 2 hours and produce the planting.

The effectiveness of pre-sowing seed treatment of corn
OptionsSeed germination, %The period of sowing-sprouting, daysYield, t/haIncrease UB�th, %
Extrasol 0,5 %8711-127,3107,3
Extrasol 1 %928-107,6111,7
Extrasol 1,5 %8512-137,0102,9
Extrasol + starch976-77,9116,1

As the table shows, the proposed structure allows to increase the yield of field crops 1% "Extrasolar-55" on 116,1% at minimum cost, which is shown in the table.

Example. Solution for seed treatment were prepared on the day of sowing. The water has added 100 ml of extrasolar, 100 ml of an aqueous solution of starch, mixed, d�of bawley to normal water (10 liters). Processed 1 t corn seed, dried for 2 hours and carried out the planting. Germination was 97%, the period from sowing to emergence 6-7 days, the yield of 7.9 t/ha.

The composition for seed treatment of field crops, including 1% aqueous solution of starch and 1% aqueous solution of Extrasolar-55", and from the calculation of the total volume of the mixture 10-11 liters for processing 1 ton of seeds have:

the aqueous solution of starch1%
the aqueous solution of Extrasolar-55"1%


Same patents:

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3 tbl, 1 ex

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FIELD: agriculture.

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4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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2 cl, 1 tbl

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural engineering, in particular to devices for planting grain crops with simultaneous local application of mineral fertilisers, and can be used on seed-fertiliser seeders. The disc sowing section comprises the L-shaped rack (1) and the central circular blade (4) consequently fixed to its lower rear part, the A-hoe (5) with a fertiliser tube (6), the disc sowing blades (14) with fertiliser-seed tubes (16), the drawbar (18), the roller (17). The rear lower part of the L-shaped rack (1) on its both sides the sleeves with through holes of square cross section are rigidly secured offset relative to each other. Inside the sleeves the brackets are mounted. The brackets are provided with screws (9) with annular grooves near the heads. The stops (10) are mounted in the annular grooves. The stops (10) are rigidly fixed to the L-shaped rack (1). The opposite ends of the brackets in the vertical direction the spline bushings are rigidly fixed. In the spline bushings the pins with splined ends are inserted. The pins with splined ends are secured in the perpendicular direction by axes with the disc sowing blades mounted on them.

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3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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6 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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4 tbl

FIELD: agriculture and agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for seeding of grass, brush and subbrush on non-tilled lands, such as pastures with natural herbage, including meadow grass seeds, legimunous seeds and mixtures thereof.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency by creating stable and high-productive agrocenosis on degraded and tumbledown pastures.

3 cl, 11 dwg

Sowing unit // 2245608

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sowing machinery used mainly for sowing seeds of grass, shrubs and sushrubs on noncultivated land areas, for instance, on devastated pastures and meadows with native grass stand, i.e. pod-bearing plants, (including common licorice), meadow grasses, their mixtures, shrubs and subshrubs. Proposed sowing unit contains tractor, hopper for seeds and fertilizers with seed-sowing mechanisms, seed tubes, colters, closers and covering roll. Unit is furnished with tandem-mounted and mechanically connected rolls. Front roll in direction of movement of sowing unit plays the part of colter group. Colters are made in form of soil cutting tool secured on surface of front roll in direction of movement and installed over perimeter of roll at equal angular pitch, being displaced through half of pitch in adjacent rows. Each soil cutting tool is placed in socket for re-adjustment and demounting. Socket is made in form of hollow cylinder. Axis of symmetry of each socket is displaced from radial direction of its rolling through angle of 15-35o. Soil cutting tool is locked in socket by dowel installed in coaxial holes of socket and soil cutting tool. Holes in socket are made parallel to roll generating surface. Each soil cutting tool is essentially stepped trunnion. Group of holes for re-setting in socket is made in trunnion of smaller diameter in soil cutting tool. End face of detachable trunnion is provided with ring cutting edge and conical cavity. Seed tubes in seed and fertilizer hopper are located in section line of soil cutting tool on surface of front roll. Closers are secured on second roll in direction of movement.

EFFECT: provision of sowing of seeds of grass, shrubs and subshrubs on devastated pastures, floodplain meadows and firths, possibility of creating new grasslands.

4 cl, 11 dwg

Sod drill // 2250582

FIELD: agricultural production, in particular, drills and combined units for drilling grass seeds onto sod.

SUBSTANCE: sod drill has frame bearing rotavator section with disks, on which working tools configured as knives are secured. Rotavator section has sod tillage depth adjusting mechanism and is covered with housing. Said parts are mounted on frame in succession. Seed and fertilizer guides, seed and fertilizer boxes with seeding units and covering rollers are positioned in rear part of housing. Slitters-stone deflectors made in the form of knife colters are mounted on frame. Resilient members-stone deflectors are positioned on knife colters at an angle with respect to direction of advancement, said angle not exceeding friction angle between surfaces of resilient members and stones. Resilient members-stone deflectors are made in the form of continuous or rod-type moldboards, with height of arrangement of moldboards in vertical plane being adjustable. Rotavator section disks project beyond cutting edges of knifes and follow with their projecting part tracks of slitters-stone deflectors.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation, improved quality of sod tillage and seeding grass seeds by means of sod drill.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, cultivation of cereal crops.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing in-crop sowing under autumn cereal crop; providing care of young crops and harvesting. In-crop sowing of winter wheat is carried out simultaneously with sowing of autumn wheat in single row. In order to provide it, half the seeding norm of winter wheat seeds is mixed with half the seeding norm of autumn wheat seeds in the ratio of 1:1. After harvesting of cover autumn wheat crop, winter wheat plants are fed with phosphate-potassium fertilizer.

EFFECT: increased frost resistance of plants, increased crop yield and reduced costs for cultivation of winter wheat.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing presowing soil cultivation; applying fertilizer such as compost; sowing seeds; providing care of young crops. Fertilizer application and seeding procedures are provided simultaneously, with preliminarily prepared multipurpose seed and compost mixture being introduced into soil at weight ratio of components of 1:20, respectively. Multipurpose seed and compost mixture is prepared by mixing components with following holding of seeds at room temperature for 24 hours.

EFFECT: increased yield of cereal crops due to effective utilization of fertilizers by plants.

1 tbl, 1 ex

Sowing unit // 2251238

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for tilling and sowing. Proposed unit has frame, wheels, rotary tool and openers. Working elements of rotary tool are made with displacement of center of their masses to end of working elements. Thanks to it impulse action onto upper plane of soil layer is provided at frequency multiple of standing wave frequency in point of contact with soil layer. Tips with cheeks are fastened on openers to travel in vertical plane.

EFFECT: improved quality of sowing and capacity.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, sowing in erosion dangerous zones.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing furrows and sowing seeds therein, with following embedding of sown seeds by transferring soil from adjacent intermittent furrows; providing sowing transverse to slope so as to form soil roll above sown ridge, with intermittent furrows being also formed transverse to slope; simultaneously providing slots arranged vertically and axially of adjacent furrows along the entire length of furrow and in spacings intermediate thereof, with slot pitch being equal in size to that of spacing so that total volume of furrows and slots be equal to average month precipitation in the given region minus average infiltration for the same period.

EFFECT: increased erosion resistance of soil on slopes.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, joint sowing of soya in alternation with other crops.

SUBSTANCE: method involves joint sowing of soya in alternation with other crops, with spacing between rows making 45, 60, 70 cm; using herbicides; providing interrow cultivation and harvesting yield by means of combines; providing soya crop rows in alternation with yellow lupine crop, with seeds of said crops being used in the ratio of 1:1.

EFFECT: increased yield of soya grains and provision for eliminating disadvantages of sowing joint crops.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: feed production in irrigated agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing, before ameliorative soil cultivation, technological irrigation, stubble shelling, mellowing, moldboard plowing by means of skim colters, early spring harrowing, presowing cultivation to predetermined depth, covering before and after sowing. Leguminous and bluegrass mixtures are sown by coverless sowing method in parallel alternating rows with 0.12-0.15 m spacings. Optimal ratio of leguminous grass and bluegrass crops is 60% and 55%, respectively, relative to predetermined sowing norms of single-type crops and depending on sowing depth. Mineral feeding mode is kept by applying into plow layer of phosphate-potassium fertilizers at design doses providing three-year usage of herbage, and nitrogenous fertilizer at fractional differentiated doses depending on mowing state. Irrigation mode is supported by irrigation at the end of September and at the beginning of October at irrigation norm of 600-700 m3/hectare. Plant care on sown grass mixtures is provided by harrowing after each mowing procedure and by slitting to 0.4-05 m depth in autumn each year. Green mass is harvested during heading phase of bluegrass and during budding-flowering phase of leguminous grasses.

EFFECT: stabilized yield of high-quality feed produced from leguminous-bluegrass mixtures and reduced cost of product.

3 cl, 13 dwg, 54 tbl