Power plant

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: power plant relates to the field of small power, namely to plants using energy of river flow. A power plant comprises a body, a hydraulic engine 27 is installed in it with a working element, a power generator 18, installed above the hydraulic engine 27. The working element is installed as capable of interaction with the water flow arriving via the receiving inlet into the working zone of the body, leaving it and being captured by the river flow, increasing the speed of flow outlet. The plant is equipped with a freewheeling clutch 29 and a wind engine 28 installed in series in a row above a power generator 18 and a hydraulic engine 27. Working elements of the hydraulic engine 27 are made as assembled from radial blades installed on axes between support rings mounted on the shaft by means of spikes. Blades are made as capable of rotation on axes to limiters and automatic installation into working and non-working position by the fluid flow. The wind engine 28 is made as acting similarly to the hydraulic engine 27. The plant is made as capable of rotation in the bearing installed on the head. The head is installed on the plant as fixed.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at provision of the possibility of continuous operation of a power plant.

5 dwg

 

Power station relates to a low energy, namely to facilities for the use of the energy of the river flow. The number of known devices for the generation of electricity water sources.

To analogue (prototype) of the invention include electric station to generate electricity, installed in a horizontal position on the water surface of the river, an open, free-moving, comprising a housing mounted therein a hydraulic motor with a working body, a generator mounted on the hydraulic motor, the working body is installed with the possibility of interaction with the water flow coming through the receiving entrance into the working area of the hull, out of it and grasping the General flow of the river, contributing to the increase in the rate of the output stream (see JP 2012102680 AND, 31.05.2012, F03B 17/06).

The disadvantage of this power station is the impossibility of continuous operation.

Object of the invention is the provision of opportunities for continuous operation of electric power stations, expanding opportunities for mass use in places inaccessible for connection to the mains public consumers.

This problem is solved in power stations for electricity generation, installed in a horizontal position on the water surface of the river, open, freedom�but live, comprising a housing mounted therein a hydraulic motor with a working body, a generator mounted on the hydraulic motor, the working body is installed with the possibility of interaction with the water flow coming through the receiving entrance into the working area of the hull, out of it and grasping the General flow of the river, contributing to the increase in the rate of the output stream, according to the invention, the station is equipped with an overrunning clutch and a turbine mounted in series in a row over the generator and the hydraulic motor, the working parts of which is made consisting of radial blades mounted on the axles between the bearing rings mounted on the shaft by spokes, the blades are arranged to rotate on axes to limiters and automatic determination of the working and non-working position by the flow of the working fluid, and the turbine is configured similarly applicable to the hydraulic motor, wherein the station is arranged to rotate in the bearing mounted on the headband, and the headband is installed in the station motionless.

Fig. 1 shows a station installed on the water side view, in cross section. Fig. 2 shows a diagram of the movement of the working fluid in the working body with the position of the blades to positions, in working and non-working areas, the entrance, the exit flow and the flow of water out of hydrolisates�. Fig. 3 shows the working body in three dimensions. Fig. 4 shows a station installed on a support, a side view, in cross section. Fig. 5 shows vetrogidroenergetica a station installed on the water side view.

Power station installed on the water surface of the river in a horizontal position, in an open, free-moving, natural kinetic energy of the flow and secured to the support 1 by bugreport 2 (Fig. 1, 2). The station comprises a hydraulic motor 27 with a working body consisting of blades 3 mounted on shafts 4 between the support rings 5. The support ring 5 mounted on the shaft 6 by means of the spokes 7. The working body is placed inside the housing 8 with the inner surface of cylindrical shape covering a body of work that includes vertically disposed shaft 6 with radial blades 3. The shaft 6 is mounted on the float 9 in the bearing 10. Under the float 9 is fixed to the casing 8 in which is mounted the end of the shaft 6 in the bearing 11. The blades 3 are arranged rotatably on the axis 4 from the mass movement of the working body to the limiters 12 and automatically install the operating 13 and 14 outside the provisions of the flow of the working fluid flowing through the suction inlet 15 into the working area 16 of the housing 8, the guide fluharty 24. From the effects of the working fluid in the working surface 17 of the blades 3 blades 3 are rotated Osya� 4 and installed in 13 working position and further moved in a circle of support rings 5, and through the axis 4 transmit the movement of the supporting rings 5, which rotate and transmit rotation through the spokes 7 on the shaft 6 and the generator 18. Giving kinetic energy flux on the work of the working body, the working fluid exits from the work area 16 through the outlet 31, and the blades 3 continue moving in a circle and go into idle zone 19 where the pressure force on the blade 3 is reduced from the effect of the protective wall 20 of the housing 8. Weak pressure on the blade 3 from the oncoming mass of water they are installed outside the 14 position, which reduces the resistance of the blades 3 of the working body and the hydraulic motor 27 as a whole. Then you continue cyclical operation of the hydraulic motor 27 from the flow of the working fluid. Surface part of the station's top and sides are covered 21 providing protection from natural precipitation.

When using station wind power station is mounted in a horizontal position on a support 22, fixed in the ground 23 (Fig. 4).

The shaft 6 is mounted on a support 22 for rotation in the bearing 10, the housing 8 and the bearing 11 mounted in the headband 25. During operation of the station, the station is rotated on the support 22 in a bearing 26 mounted on the headband 25, mounting the station on a support 22. The headband 25 is mounted on the support 22 still. Above the station is installed, the probe 30.

Driving air mass flows through the suction inlet 15 of the housing 8. �station is set to the automatic mode fluharty 24 and is rotated by the wind on the bearing 26. When using the station the wind energy and energy flow in the river at one time electric station consists of a hydraulic motor 27, the turbine 28, the generator 18 and overrunning clutch 29 is mounted in series in a row one above the other.

Power plant operates as follows.

Power station installed on the water surface of the river receives energy flow. Live stream washes the housing 8 from the outside. The portion of the stream flows through the suction inlet 15 into the working area 16 of the housing 8, a directional fluharty 24. Received working fluid acts on the blades 3. Initially, the friction of the working fluid on the outer surface of the blades 3 working body is rotated at a certain angle. Next, the working fluid continues to influence already on the operating surface 17 of the blades 3. From this, the blades 3 are rotated on the axis 4 to the limiter 12, occupy the working position 13 and receive the highest energy of the working fluid, a working body continues to turn and rotate in the interaction of parts: blades 3 axis 4 axis 4 of the support ring 5, with the supporting rings 5 to 7 spokes, the spokes 7 on the shaft 6 and the rotation of the generator 18. Receiving successive continuous exposure of the working fluid on the blades 3 working body is rotated in a circle, and 3 blades out of the working area 16 and includes marabou� zone 14. The bulk of the working fluid exits through the outlet 31. Reduced water flow enters a non-working zone 14. Outside the zone 14, the flow is reduced protective wall 20. From the passage of the blades 3 outside zone 14 towards weak stream counter the weight of the water presses the blade 3 to the support rings 5. This position of the blades 3 reduces resistance of the blades of the working body 3 and the generator 18. In the working area 16 of the blade 3 has the greatest energy of the flow, transforming it into a torque of the shaft 6 of the generator 18, and outside the zone 19 of the blade 3 does not create resistance against the oncoming flow, eventually getting a positive effect.

This construction of the power plant, powered by the energy of water flow, may similarly operate on wind energy. Electricity generation station on the wind flow wind energy enters through the suction inlet 15 of the housing 8 is mounted in the automatic mode fluharty 24. When working station from wind energy and energy flow in the river at one time in the complex hydraulic motor 27 receives power flow of the river, continuously creating torque hydraulic motor 27 and passing on the shaft 6 of the electric generator 18 generates electricity. At this time, riding the movement of air masses creates a torque to the turbine 28, the turbine 28, Vra�as, causes the rotation of the overrunning clutch 29 and the generator 18. In the absence of high air flow, the turbine 28 is not rotating. While the overrunning clutch 29 does not preclude the rotation of the shaft 6 of the hydraulic motor 27 is rotated by the energy of water flow.

The use of natural phenomena in a constructive and technological solutions, in the aggregate, will enable the development of cheap reliable electricity at the power station: - continuity of operation; at any time of the year; at any time; in any seasonal and climatic conditions. Electricity storage will create condition for the stability of the operation.

Power station for electricity generation, installed in a horizontal position on the water surface of the river, an open, free-moving, comprising a housing mounted therein a hydraulic motor with a working body, a generator mounted on the hydraulic motor, the working body is installed with the possibility of interaction with the water flow coming through the receiving entrance into the working area of the hull, out of it and grasping the General flow of the river, contributing to the increase in the rate of output flow, characterized in that the station is equipped with an overrunning clutch and a turbine mounted in series in a row over the generator and hydrodive�yeol, working bodies which are made consisting of radial blades mounted on the axles between the bearing rings mounted on the shaft by spokes, wherein the blades are arranged to rotate on axes to limiters and automatic determination of the working and non-working position by the flow of the working fluid, and the turbine is configured similarly applicable to the hydraulic motor, wherein the station is arranged to rotate in the bearing mounted on the headband, and the headband is installed in the station still.



 

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