Smart system for conversion of hardness salts

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: system for conversion of hardness salts contains the housing 1 which contains the generator of non-sinusoidal electromagnetic oscillations of shaking frequency, to outphase outputs 2 of which the radiating wires 3, 4 are connected with a possibility of their winding in mutually opposite directions on the pipeline 10. In the housing 1 the unit of smart alerting mode 5 connected with the generator of non-sinusoidal electromagnetic oscillations of the shaking frequency and the independent power supply 6 are located. Indicator 7 is located on the housing 1. The alarm sensor 8 is connected with the housing 1. Couplers 9 are made of non-conducting material with a possibility of fixing of radiating wires 3, 4 and located on the pipeline 10.

EFFECT: invention allows to improve reliability of the system operation and to ensure its safety.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of power engineering and is intended to protect and clean from sediment hardness (limescale) on the internal surfaces of pipelines, heating systems, water heating and heating equipment (boilers, boilers, radiators, heat exchangers, etc.) and can also be used in washing machines, dishwashers, refrigeration, etc.

A method of turbomachine and iron removal of water (patent RF №2225848, C02F 5/02, 20.03.2004), including heating and boiling the water with the removal of acidic reagents and sediment, on which boiling water is carried out in the deaerator in which the dissolution of the metal casing and the nodes of the deaerator with the formation of a metal hydroxide, which acts as a stabilizer salts, wherein the deaerator is provided with a device for separation of the precipitate, and heating the water in the deaerator is carried out with steam and blowdown water from the boiler using the contained alkali and ferrous iron for softening and stabilization of water.

The disadvantage of analog is the complexity and bulkiness of the structure.

Known control unit for vodovmeschayuschih device (patent RF №2493107, C02F 1/42, 20.09.2013) containing the main supply line for raw water, a primary outlet line for the mixed water, a sensor for determining the stiffness of IP�one water WH Exodusor mixed water WHmixedsecondary discharge line that feeds the source water from the primary inlet, a secondary inlet line, which is supplied to the main discharge line, a bypass line, which runs parallel to the secondary outlet line and a secondary inlet, automatically adjustable blending device for mixing the flow of the mixed water Vmixed(t) from the first partial flow V(t)frequent.Magksecondary inlet and a second partial flow V(t)frequent.Izhodthe bypass pipeline, the electronic control unit configured such that, through a certain water hardness WHExodusor WHmixedprovides additional adjustment of the set position of the mixing device for installation of water hardness in the flow of the mixed water V(t)mixedby the specified value.

The disadvantage of analog is the complexity and bulkiness of the structure.

The closest in technical essence and the achieved result to the claimed is a radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts (patent RF №56891, 02F 1748, 27.09.2006), containing the main line of the treated water system, generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency,the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters, wound in mutually opposite direction on the main line.

The disadvantage of analog is limited functionality due to the lack of continuous monitoring of the condition of the equipment of the radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts.

The object of the invention is to expand the functional capabilities of the radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts due to the introduction of continuous monitoring of the condition of his equipment.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the reliability of the complex and ensure his safety.

The problem is solved and the technical result is achieved in that the complex conversion of hardness salts, comprising a housing in which the generator is located nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency, the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters with the possibility of winding in the opposite direction in the pipeline, according to the invention contains located in the housing unit of the intelligent alarm mode, connected to a generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency and an Autonomous power source, the indicator located on the housing, the sensor signal and screed made of toconao�tamago material with the possibility of fixing cables-emitters and located on the pipeline.

In addition, according to the invention the block intelligent alarm mode can be made in the form of a GSM module.

In addition, according to the invention as a stand-alone power source can be applied by a rechargeable battery.

In addition, according to the invention the indicator may be made of led.

In addition, according to the invention couplers can be made of plastic.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which shows a diagram of an intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts.

Intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts comprises a housing 1, inside which is the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2, connected with wires-emitters 3 and 4. Inside the housing 1 is located a block intelligent alarm mode 5, for example a GSM module connected to an Autonomous power source 6, for example a storage battery, a generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 related to indicator 7. Block intelligent alarm mode 5 is connected to the alarm sensor 8. For fixing cables-emitters 3 and 4 is used screed 9 made of non-conductive material such as plastic, and is installed on the pipeline 10./p>

Intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts is as follows. The technology of water treatment based on the principle of the change of the crystal shape of calcium carbonate under the action of electromagnetic waves audible range. These waves are harmless to humans. Under their influence is changing the structure of crystals of hardness salts. Transformed into fragile crystals scum is easily washed off from the surface and is carried away by the stream. And new crystals are not formed. Water does not changes its salt composition. After 5...6 days after cessation of treatment, the crystal form of calcium carbonate is restored, the properties of the softened water is lost. They are recovered for re-processing.

Water, subjected antiscale processed is fed through conduit 10. The generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 through wire emitters 3 and 4, pre-fixed on the pipe 10 by tie rods 9, by the electromagnetic field affects the hardness salts dissolved in water. As a result, the effects of hardness salts lose for a while the ability to form crystals and Deposit on the pipe walls in the form of scale, while the salt content of the water is not changed.

The electromagnetic field gets inside the line�gadfly, regardless of its material, as follows. On wire-emitters 3 and 4 serves the antiphase voltage pulses with a frequency generated by the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep 2. Due to capacitive coupling between the wires of the transducers 3 and 4 and the valve 10 (in the case of conductive tubing) or water in the conduit 10 (in the case of dielectric tubing) on the section of the pipeline 10 between the wound in mutually opposite direction wires-emitters 3 and 4 (see Fig.) arise alternating current impulses, originating both outside and inside of the pipeline 10 alternating magnetic field, which in turn gives rise to a conducting fluid, for example water, alternating current pulses. Thus, in the flow of a conducting fluid pumped through the pipeline 10, it creates a pulsed alternating electromagnetic field that is constantly changing in time-frequency.

With the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs of the block 2 is connected intelligent alarm mode 5, which provides the ability to display information about the state intellectual complex conversion of hardness salts, its functional failure, including breakage or distortion of the generated signal. Block intelle�toiling mode warning 5 notify, for example, by sending an SMS alert to the owner of the equipment, turning on or off an external power source. When you turn off an external power source unit intelligent alarm mode 5 operates from an independent power source 6, for example a rechargeable battery. Operation of the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 is displayed on the indicator 7. Block intelligent alarm mode 5 also notifies the owner of the equipment or the protection of unauthorized appearance of a foreign object in the room where they are installed, by means of the sensor alarm 8, performing security functions. This allows you to effectively resist the attempts of theft of equipment, acts of terrorism and other crimes at the facility with installed equipment.

Feature complex intellectual conversion of hardness salts in the fact that besides their major functions are to prevent the occurrence of scale it performs a number of tasks:

1) remote interactive information to the owner about the functional failure of the equipment, including the failure or distortion of the generated signal;

2) when you turn off an external power source to the owner of the equipment remote control�but interactively corresponding signal is transmitted, that improves the efficiency of life support, in which they are installed, indicating a possible malfunction of the entire system of heating or power outage;

3) notification of the owner of the equipment on unauthorized appearance of a foreign object in the room where installed this equipment, performing security functions.

Thus, complex intellectual conversion of hardness salts thus allows to carry out continuous guarding of the premises in which they are installed, by notification, for example via SMS-notification. This equipment is most useful for heat-generating companies, management companies of housing and communal economy, cultural and social facilities, administrative offices, etc.

Thus, the claimed invention allows to increase the reliability of operation due to the introduction of screeds and usefulness to the state intellectual complex conversion of hardness salts and thus its security by introducing a block of intelligent alarm mode, while maintaining the function of providing protection from scale.

In addition, the claimed invention allows to extend the functionality of Converter salts by introducing n�discontinuous control over the condition of his equipment.

1. The complex conversion of hardness salts, comprising a housing, which houses the generator of sinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency, the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters with the possibility of winding in the opposite direction of the pipeline, characterized in that it contains located in the housing unit of the intelligent alarm mode, connected to a generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency and an Autonomous power source, the indicator located on the housing, the alarm sensor connected to the body and ties made of non-conductive material with the possibility of fixing cables-emitters and located on the pipeline.

2. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the block of intelligent alarm mode is executed in the form of a GSM module.

3. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the Autonomous power source applied to the battery.

4. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the led indicator are displayed.

5. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the couplers are made of plastic.



 

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2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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2 tbl

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1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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20 cl, 5 dwg, 5 tbl

FIELD: process engineering.

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EFFECT: higher efficiency of treatment.

27 cl, 2 tbl, 17 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

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19 cl, 8 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: devices for purification of household and industrial sewage.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with devices for purification of household and industrial sewage and intended for electrical and cavitational treatment of sewage containing a large quantity of organic compounds. The device for purification of sewage consists of a body made out of a dielectric material partitioned by diaphragms for two electrode chambers and one working chamber, that contains a filtering material. The electrode chambers have cavitational field sources installed and the working chamber is supplied with a the bubbler installed in it. The technical result consists in an increase of recuperation of the filtering material at the expense of application of a cavitational field to it, decrease of the microbiological semination, and an increase of cavitational effect on particles.

EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of the filtering material recuperation, decreased microbiological semination and increased the cavitational effect on particles.

1 dwg

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