Smart system for conversion of hardness salts
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: system for conversion of hardness salts contains the housing 1 which contains the generator of non-sinusoidal electromagnetic oscillations of shaking frequency, to outphase outputs 2 of which the radiating wires 3, 4 are connected with a possibility of their winding in mutually opposite directions on the pipeline 10. In the housing 1 the unit of smart alerting mode 5 connected with the generator of non-sinusoidal electromagnetic oscillations of the shaking frequency and the independent power supply 6 are located. Indicator 7 is located on the housing 1. The alarm sensor 8 is connected with the housing 1. Couplers 9 are made of non-conducting material with a possibility of fixing of radiating wires 3, 4 and located on the pipeline 10.
EFFECT: invention allows to improve reliability of the system operation and to ensure its safety.
5 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to the field of power engineering and is intended to protect and clean from sediment hardness (limescale) on the internal surfaces of pipelines, heating systems, water heating and heating equipment (boilers, boilers, radiators, heat exchangers, etc.) and can also be used in washing machines, dishwashers, refrigeration, etc.
A method of turbomachine and iron removal of water (patent RF №2225848, C02F 5/02, 20.03.2004), including heating and boiling the water with the removal of acidic reagents and sediment, on which boiling water is carried out in the deaerator in which the dissolution of the metal casing and the nodes of the deaerator with the formation of a metal hydroxide, which acts as a stabilizer salts, wherein the deaerator is provided with a device for separation of the precipitate, and heating the water in the deaerator is carried out with steam and blowdown water from the boiler using the contained alkali and ferrous iron for softening and stabilization of water.
The disadvantage of analog is the complexity and bulkiness of the structure.
Known control unit for vodovmeschayuschih device (patent RF №2493107, C02F 1/42, 20.09.2013) containing the main supply line for raw water, a primary outlet line for the mixed water, a sensor for determining the stiffness of IP�one water WH Exodusor mixed water WHmixedsecondary discharge line that feeds the source water from the primary inlet, a secondary inlet line, which is supplied to the main discharge line, a bypass line, which runs parallel to the secondary outlet line and a secondary inlet, automatically adjustable blending device for mixing the flow of the mixed water Vmixed(t) from the first partial flow V(t)frequent.Magksecondary inlet and a second partial flow V(t)frequent.Izhodthe bypass pipeline, the electronic control unit configured such that, through a certain water hardness WHExodusor WHmixedprovides additional adjustment of the set position of the mixing device for installation of water hardness in the flow of the mixed water V(t)mixedby the specified value.
The disadvantage of analog is the complexity and bulkiness of the structure.
The closest in technical essence and the achieved result to the claimed is a radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts (patent RF №56891, 02F 1748, 27.09.2006), containing the main line of the treated water system, generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency,the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters, wound in mutually opposite direction on the main line.
The disadvantage of analog is limited functionality due to the lack of continuous monitoring of the condition of the equipment of the radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts.
The object of the invention is to expand the functional capabilities of the radio-frequency Converter of hardness salts due to the introduction of continuous monitoring of the condition of his equipment.
The technical result of the invention is to improve the reliability of the complex and ensure his safety.
The problem is solved and the technical result is achieved in that the complex conversion of hardness salts, comprising a housing in which the generator is located nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency, the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters with the possibility of winding in the opposite direction in the pipeline, according to the invention contains located in the housing unit of the intelligent alarm mode, connected to a generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency and an Autonomous power source, the indicator located on the housing, the sensor signal and screed made of toconao�tamago material with the possibility of fixing cables-emitters and located on the pipeline.
In addition, according to the invention the block intelligent alarm mode can be made in the form of a GSM module.
In addition, according to the invention as a stand-alone power source can be applied by a rechargeable battery.
In addition, according to the invention the indicator may be made of led.
In addition, according to the invention couplers can be made of plastic.
The invention is illustrated by drawings, which shows a diagram of an intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts.
Intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts comprises a housing 1, inside which is the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2, connected with wires-emitters 3 and 4. Inside the housing 1 is located a block intelligent alarm mode 5, for example a GSM module connected to an Autonomous power source 6, for example a storage battery, a generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 related to indicator 7. Block intelligent alarm mode 5 is connected to the alarm sensor 8. For fixing cables-emitters 3 and 4 is used screed 9 made of non-conductive material such as plastic, and is installed on the pipeline 10./p>
Intelligent complex conversion of hardness salts is as follows. The technology of water treatment based on the principle of the change of the crystal shape of calcium carbonate under the action of electromagnetic waves audible range. These waves are harmless to humans. Under their influence is changing the structure of crystals of hardness salts. Transformed into fragile crystals scum is easily washed off from the surface and is carried away by the stream. And new crystals are not formed. Water does not changes its salt composition. After 5...6 days after cessation of treatment, the crystal form of calcium carbonate is restored, the properties of the softened water is lost. They are recovered for re-processing.
Water, subjected antiscale processed is fed through conduit 10. The generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 through wire emitters 3 and 4, pre-fixed on the pipe 10 by tie rods 9, by the electromagnetic field affects the hardness salts dissolved in water. As a result, the effects of hardness salts lose for a while the ability to form crystals and Deposit on the pipe walls in the form of scale, while the salt content of the water is not changed.
The electromagnetic field gets inside the line�gadfly, regardless of its material, as follows. On wire-emitters 3 and 4 serves the antiphase voltage pulses with a frequency generated by the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep 2. Due to capacitive coupling between the wires of the transducers 3 and 4 and the valve 10 (in the case of conductive tubing) or water in the conduit 10 (in the case of dielectric tubing) on the section of the pipeline 10 between the wound in mutually opposite direction wires-emitters 3 and 4 (see Fig.) arise alternating current impulses, originating both outside and inside of the pipeline 10 alternating magnetic field, which in turn gives rise to a conducting fluid, for example water, alternating current pulses. Thus, in the flow of a conducting fluid pumped through the pipeline 10, it creates a pulsed alternating electromagnetic field that is constantly changing in time-frequency.
With the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs of the block 2 is connected intelligent alarm mode 5, which provides the ability to display information about the state intellectual complex conversion of hardness salts, its functional failure, including breakage or distortion of the generated signal. Block intelle�toiling mode warning 5 notify, for example, by sending an SMS alert to the owner of the equipment, turning on or off an external power source. When you turn off an external power source unit intelligent alarm mode 5 operates from an independent power source 6, for example a rechargeable battery. Operation of the generator of sinusoidal oscillations sweep with antiphase outputs 2 is displayed on the indicator 7. Block intelligent alarm mode 5 also notifies the owner of the equipment or the protection of unauthorized appearance of a foreign object in the room where they are installed, by means of the sensor alarm 8, performing security functions. This allows you to effectively resist the attempts of theft of equipment, acts of terrorism and other crimes at the facility with installed equipment.
Feature complex intellectual conversion of hardness salts in the fact that besides their major functions are to prevent the occurrence of scale it performs a number of tasks:
1) remote interactive information to the owner about the functional failure of the equipment, including the failure or distortion of the generated signal;
2) when you turn off an external power source to the owner of the equipment remote control�but interactively corresponding signal is transmitted, that improves the efficiency of life support, in which they are installed, indicating a possible malfunction of the entire system of heating or power outage;
3) notification of the owner of the equipment on unauthorized appearance of a foreign object in the room where installed this equipment, performing security functions.
Thus, complex intellectual conversion of hardness salts thus allows to carry out continuous guarding of the premises in which they are installed, by notification, for example via SMS-notification. This equipment is most useful for heat-generating companies, management companies of housing and communal economy, cultural and social facilities, administrative offices, etc.
Thus, the claimed invention allows to increase the reliability of operation due to the introduction of screeds and usefulness to the state intellectual complex conversion of hardness salts and thus its security by introducing a block of intelligent alarm mode, while maintaining the function of providing protection from scale.
In addition, the claimed invention allows to extend the functionality of Converter salts by introducing n�discontinuous control over the condition of his equipment.
1. The complex conversion of hardness salts, comprising a housing, which houses the generator of sinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency, the opposite phase outputs of which are connected wires-emitters with the possibility of winding in the opposite direction of the pipeline, characterized in that it contains located in the housing unit of the intelligent alarm mode, connected to a generator nonsinusoidal electromagnetic waves oscillating frequency and an Autonomous power source, the indicator located on the housing, the alarm sensor connected to the body and ties made of non-conductive material with the possibility of fixing cables-emitters and located on the pipeline.
2. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the block of intelligent alarm mode is executed in the form of a GSM module.
3. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the Autonomous power source applied to the battery.
4. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the led indicator are displayed.
5. The complex conversion of hardness salts according to claim 1, characterized in that the couplers are made of plastic.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to arrangement and method for controlling multiple sized water softening tanks. A water softening system including a first treatment tank (24), filled with an ion exchange resin (32) and having a first water capacity, a second treatment tank (26) in parallel with the first treatment tank, filled with an ion exchange resin (32) and having a second water capacity that is less than the first water capacity, a flow meter connected to the first and second treatment tanks, the flow meter is connected to the piping leading to the first and second treatment tanks and measures the number of gallons per unit time that flow through the water softening system and a controller (70) in communication with the above flow meter, the controller configured to direct the water into the first treatment tank when the demand flow rate is greater than a designated flow rate, and to direct the water into the second treatment tank when the demand flow rate is equal to or less than the designated flow rate.
EFFECT: no untreated water passing through the system.
13 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electrostatic treatment of fluids and change of fluid properties, formation of coagulation and crystallisation centres. The fluid treatment method consists in electrostatic action through the central electrode 8 of a double capacitor having contact with fluid and not connected to a power supply source directly. Cyclic charging and discharging of the central electrode 8 is made through plates of external electrodes 6 separated from fluid and central electrode by insulators 7, under action of electric pulses.
EFFECT: invention allows increasing efficiency of fluid treatment at reduced power consumption.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water softening plant. Proposed plant comprises automatically controlled device for mixing the mixed water flow V(t)verschnitt from first softened partial flow V(t)teil1weich and second flow V(t)teil2roh containing initial water. Is includes electronic control device to be tuned by one or several instantaneous measurement magnitudes, defined experimentally, to regular said mixing device so that water hardness of mixed flow V(t)verschnitt is set to predefined rated vale SW. Note here that said control device in some preset working situations ignores at least one or several instantaneous measurement magnitudes to regular said mixing device. Apart, it proceeds from the last significant appropriate measurement magnitude before origination of preset working situation or standard magnitude for appropriate measurement magnitude stored in memory of electric control device.
EFFECT: decreased wear of automatically controlled mixer.
23 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment for reduction the content of salts and suspended substances. Proposed method comprises filling the tank with water to effect acoustic cavitation to level of 0.15-0.5 in evacuating the tank to 0.3-0.9 kgf/cm2 accompanied by filtration. Cavitation is caused by simultaneous action of ultrasound different-frequency opposed oscillators. Low-frequency oscillator excites broad spectrum of frequencies while high-frequency oscillator excites one oscillation frequency ten times higher than that of low-frequency oscillator main frequency. In compliance with preferable version, main oscillation frequency excited by low-frequency oscillator makes 1.8 kHz while that caused by high-frequency source makes 18 kHz.
EFFECT: intensified treatment, deep cleaning.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of effluents treatment and can be used for production of water suitable for agriculture, communal services, etc. In compliance with this invention, water preliminary cleaned of mechanical impurities is forced through electrolyser made up of cylindrical electrolyser chamber representing an insert into main pipeline with its axis aligned with that of the chamber. Then water is forced through sand. Here, gas liberated from water is withdrawn and sediment is washed off sand particle surface, said sediment comprising stuck sediment of metal compounds and other impurities. Note also that electrolytic chamber consists of sections accommodating cylindrical electrodes, one arranged along the axis of cylindrical chamber and another one mounted on chamber inner surface. Besides, said chamber is divided by common cylindrical ion-permeable web into anode and cathode spaces. Note that initial water flow is, first, forced through one section and, then through another sections with electrode charge signs opposite those of the first chamber.
EFFECT: high quality of water treatment, higher process efficiency.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water softening apparatus designed for working in soft water mode, flowing water mode, reclamation mode and control mode and can be used to treat tap water in houses, offices etc. The apparatus has a block of reservoirs comprising first and second reservoirs for obtaining soft water filled with an ion-exchange resin, and a reclamation reservoir filled with reclamation material. The main housing serves as a support for the block of reservoirs and enables control of switching between modes. The feeding unit is directly connected to the cold/hot water pipe and has first and second angle valves into which cold/hot crude water is fed, first and second elbow pipes attached to the main housing, and first and second L-shaped connecting pipes which join the first and second angle valves to the first and second elbow pipes, respectively. The outlet unit enables outlet of cold/hot soft water, cold/hot flowing water and waste water from the main housing after reclamation.
EFFECT: simple apparatus, high efficiency of controlling temperature of water and easy use.
43 cl, 44 dwg
SUBSTANCE: water is cleaned from scale deposits in two cone-shaped vessels joined in series. A portion of water heated in boilers is passed through the vessels under pressure of up to 1 MPa with flow rate at which water stays in each cone-shaped vessel for 60±10 minutes. In the first cone-shaped vessel, water is treated with a constant electric field with strength E=2.0±0.5 V/cm and polarity of E changes at a period of almost one hour. Scale deposits accumulating at the bottom of the cone-shaped vessels are periodically discharged through bottom valves. The water is continuously treated from the beginning of the heating season for 1.5-3 months until water in the boilers and heating system is completely clean.
EFFECT: efficient cleaning of water from scale deposits during the entire heating season and cutting heat consumption on heating water.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method is meant for non-reagent softening natural water and can be used in public facilities in centralised and decentralised water supply systems, and industrial water supply systems. Natural water is softened through effect of magnetic and electric field, where water is successively filtered in ferromagnetic material, magnetised with an external magnetic field, and then filtered in granular material which is in an electric field created by an electrochemical current source. Strength of the external magnetic field ranges from 500 to 1000 A/m. Water is filtered in a granular ferrite with particle size ranging from 5 to 10 mm at a rate of 20 to 40 m/h. The electric field is created through spatial separation of electronegative and electropositive electrodes, between which granular filtering material is placed. Filtering is done in an electric field at a rate of 0.6 to 1.0 m/h.
EFFECT: method allows for softening very hard water through effect of magnetic and electric field and extraction of formed hardness salts by filtering in a granular filter bed.
3 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method may be used in the field of municipal engineering in centralised systems and decentralised systems of water supply, and may also be used in water preparation for purposes of industrial enterprises. Method includes water filtration in mineral grain materials available in electric field created by electrochemical source of current, which consists of short-circuited electrodes. Electrochemical source of current is made of perforated disk from aluminium, having negative potential, and perforated disk from graphite, having positive potential, connected by conductor, between which a mineral grain material is located, at the same time water is passed in direction opposite to direction of electric field power lines, created by electrochemical source of current. Number of electrochemical sources of current is selected from 1 to 16. Filtering material used is silicicated calcite. Speed of water filtration makes 0.6-2.6 m/hr.
EFFECT: simplified process of water softening by filtration, increased share of standard mineral filtering materials, reduction of costs for method realisation.
4 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for reactant decolouring, deferrisation, demanganation and softening of low muddy natural waters. Purification station contains contact chamber, brightening agent, high capacity filter, clear-water reservoir, main-line pump, ozonation equipment, chlorination equipment, coagulation equipment, flush water balance tank, thickener, plate press, dreg pump, spray ejector, oxidation aerator, electric power supply, blower group, backing pump, air-purge drum, flocculating equipment, flushing ejector, contact mass well, sorbtion filter, flushing pump, clarified water pump, dregs hopper.
EFFECT: improvement of technology, economy effectiveness of natural water clarification, useful capacity and ecological safety of purification station.
1 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method of disinfecting a well treatment fluid includes a step of mixing an aqueous solution containing two or more oxidants obtained via electrolysis of a salt solution with the well treatment fluid. The mixed oxidants can be produced on-site using a container system.
EFFECT: invention provides efficient treatment without repeated growth of bacteria in the well bore.
24 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: filter is disclosed in two versions and comprises a filter element placed in a trough 2 with a protrusion 3, a recess 4 and a channel 5 at the bottom (first version) or a trough with a flat bottom (second version). The filter element consists of a supporting-clamping structure and a filter stack 6. The supporting-clamping structure prevents the filter stack from floating and sinking by fixing the edges thereof and prevents deformation of the working surface thereof. The supporting-clamping structure is made from a composite and includes vertical rods with an external thread anchored in the protrusion 3, a supporting lower grid 18 placed on the recess 4 while overlapping the channel 5, clamping 12 and 13 and supporting 14 and 15 beams, tubular compensating supports 16, a clamping upper grid 17, tension nuts 9 and 10. The beams, supports, upper grid and filter stack 6 by its edges sit on the rods 7. The filter stack 6 rests on the grid 18 by its working surface, and its edges are pressed by the beams 12 and 13 to the protrusion 3 and are fixed by nuts. The grid 17 lies on the filter stack 6 horizontally in a stable manner in order to be pressed between the beams 14 and 15, supported by the supports 16 which compensate excess difference in thickness of the filter stack 6 in the initial and pressed states, and fixed by nuts 9.
EFFECT: high efficiency and repairability of the filter, easy assembly and dismantling, easy maintenance.
14 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for water treatment comprises: water passage through the channel system in the water flow direction, each of which is integrated into the surface of magnetically penetrable microchannel plate 7, 8, made of alloy of rare earth metal; and creation of magnetic field by the arrangement of system of permanent magnets 10 so as to form the layer of permanent magnets 10, adjacent to the outer side of magnetically penetrable microchannel plate 7, 8, so that the magnetic field has direction perpendicular to the direction of indicated water flow, and destroy at least some hydrogen bonds by the magnetic field.
EFFECT: invention permits to destroy the hydrogen bonds in water, reduce the accumulation of scum sediments in steam pegs and remove the formed scum.
14 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method consists in creating a closed water area in the form of a storage pond 8 with the area of accumulation of sludge from liquid flows. The storage pond 8 is a water area with a levee 12, in which body the inlet water intake hole is made, and the opposite - a water receiver 9 of the water intake pipeline 22. According to the first embodiment of the method, at the bottom of the storage pond 8 the closed air-injecting devices 14, 15 are mounted to form a number of beams diverging from the device as horizontal perforated pipelines 16 in the direction of the base of the upper slope of the dam 12. The perforated pipelines 16 end with a dead end. The air-injecting devices 14, 15 are connected to the central supply pipeline 17, 18 connected to a source of compressed air. With the increase in the accumulation of sediment in the form of sludge in the zones of the storage pond 8 the air supply in portions into the air-injecting devices 14, 15 is resumed with brief connection of the compressor 19 on the command of the time relay 20 on the air duct in the intake pipeline of the closed air-injecting device. Breaking through the holes of the perforated pipeline 16, the compressed air loosens and roils the sludge, with simultaneous saturation of manure flow with it, and transports it to the discharge water intake pipeline 22. As the reduction in the sludge layer in the storage pond 8 the air supply into the air-injecting devices 14, 15 is stopped. According to the second embodiment of the method, in the storage pond a floating platform is placed, on which a compressor is located, connected to the pressure hose air duct. The nozzle of the pressure hose air duct is made in the form of a metal trunk with a perforation in its end part, attached to the rod with graduations in height and in the section of sludge residual accumulation, the end of which is inserted into the precipitate formation. The floating platform is attached on both sides of the dam using a rope and block system in the areas of erosion of the sediment of sludge precipitation.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of transport capacity of roiled manure flow coming from the livestock complex, and increased in functional capabilities of the storage pond with possible disposal of flows on irrigated fields of reclamation.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: process can be used for preparation of said liquid wastes for irrigation and fertilising of agricultural lands. Effluents of pig-breeding farms are processed with the solution of silica-alumina coagulant based on nepheline in amount of 10-35 mg/dm3 by Al2O3. Note here that pH varies from 6.5 to 7.5. After treatment of the mix in exposed hydraulic cyclone, it is separated to transparent liquid fraction and precipitate, i.e. organic mineral fertilisers.
EFFECT: expanded range of processing of suspensions, simplified process, lower costs, complete decontamination of liquid and solid phases.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to purification of drainage and discharge water and can be used in irrigation farming when designing hydro-reclamation systems with a closed water circulation cycle. The method of preparing drainage and discharge water for crop irrigation includes removing mechanical impurities, organic substances, heavy metal ions and excess salts. The first step includes removing mechanical impurities and organic substances by treatment in a separator. The second step includes removing heavy metal ions and excess salts in a filter well, having filter elements based on coal production wastes, having a cylindrical shape with a cavity inside which is filled with a rice husk-based sorbent placed in pouches made of basalt fabric.
EFFECT: invention improves the quality of preparing drainage and discharge water for crop irrigation, widens the range of using drainage and discharge water having various chemical composition, and simplifies the process of mounting filter elements.
SUBSTANCE: water treatment plant of a combined heat and power plant includes water pre-cleaning unit I, reverse osmosis unit II, ion exchange unit III for deep water demineralisation and a unit for obtaining chemically treated make-up water IV for a heat network. The first deaerator 8 is connected to high-pressure steam boiler 9. Water pre-cleaning unit I includes in-series connected clarifier 2, coagulated water tank 3, mechanical filter 4, as well as washing solution tank 20. Reverse osmosis unit II includes reverse osmosis plant 5. Ion exchange unit III for deep water demineralisation includes in-series connected filter 6 for H-ionisation and filter 7 for OH-ionisation, as well as neutralising tank 17. Unit IV for obtaining chemically treated make-up water for the heat network includes in-series connected tank 18 for chemically cleaned water and the second deaerator 25. Clarifier 2 is connected to FeCl3 solution tank 27 and to NaOH solution tank 28.
EFFECT: invention allows reducing consumption of reagents and salt content of chemically treated water, as well as simplifying a process flow diagram.
1 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sorbents and use thereof. The sorbent for antimony anions comprises particles or granules of zirconium oxide and has a distribution coefficient for the antimony anions of at least 10000 ml/g at a pH in the range of 2 to 10. The sorbent comprises particles with an average particle size in the range of about 10 nm to 100 um and having a flow rate of 100 to 10000 bed volumes per hour; the granules with an average size of 0.1 to 2 mm and having a flow rate of 10 to 50 bed volumes per hour. Also claimed is a method for the novel sorbent preparation and a method for antimony and, potentially, technetium removal from aqueous solutions, specifically from nuclear waste effluents. The distribution coefficient is high, which makes the material suitable for industrial application.
EFFECT: preparation process is straightforward and the sorbent can be produced from readily available materials at moderate conditions.
20 cl, 5 dwg, 5 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to treatment of effluents. Proposed process comprises combining of heated gas and effluents to the make the mix thereof, separating of said effluents into drops to increase the area of interface between effluents and heated gas for accelerated heat and mass transfer between drops of said effluents and heated gas. Then, heat is transferred from heated gas to effluents for their partial evaporation, portion of effluents drops are removed from said mix for making of gas without fluid and concentrated fluid, and separation of suspended solids from concentrated fluid. Fluid concentration system comprises the concentrator unit. Note here that said concenytrator comprises gas inlet, gas outlet and mixing channel arranged there between. Note also that said mixing channel has contracted section for gas flow to up its rate at flowing from said inlet to said outlet. This system comprises fluid inlet pipe for liquid to be concentrated to be injected into mixing channel. Note here that said pipe is arranged in mixing channel between gas inlet and contracted section. Fog catcher is arranged downstream of concentrator unit and includes gas passage connected to gas outlet and including fluid collector to remove fluid from gas in fog catcher gas passage, and removed fluid connection vessel. Blower is connected to fog catcher to create gas flow to be forced to mixing channel and gas passage.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of treatment.
27 cl, 2 tbl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a hydrogen-containing product and one or more products in the form of liquid water using catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons. The invention relates to a method wherein part of feed water is heated by a reforming product and the other part of feed water is heated by gaseous combustion products before feeding the feed water into a deaerator. Water contained in the gaseous combustion products is condensed to obtain a product in the form of liquid water. The present method can be combined with a water thermal treatment process.
EFFECT: easier extraction of water from gaseous combustion products, availability of low-grade heat of the reforming product stream for the water thermal treatment process.
19 cl, 8 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: devices for purification of household and industrial sewage.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with devices for purification of household and industrial sewage and intended for electrical and cavitational treatment of sewage containing a large quantity of organic compounds. The device for purification of sewage consists of a body made out of a dielectric material partitioned by diaphragms for two electrode chambers and one working chamber, that contains a filtering material. The electrode chambers have cavitational field sources installed and the working chamber is supplied with a the bubbler installed in it. The technical result consists in an increase of recuperation of the filtering material at the expense of application of a cavitational field to it, decrease of the microbiological semination, and an increase of cavitational effect on particles.
EFFECT: the invention ensures an increase of the filtering material recuperation, decreased microbiological semination and increased the cavitational effect on particles.