Method of disposal of slaughter tankage

FIELD: biotechnology.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises grinding slaughter tankage, rotary subsurface mechanical treatment using the ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5 and its mechanical drive in the form of a rotary milling chisel plough 6, the distribution of pulp from slaughter tankage and water in the soil in the process of its rotary subsurface loosening. For disposal of slaughter tankage, it is ground to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixed with water or water containing disinfectant, in the ratio of 1:3-1:5. Then the formed pulp is applied in the soil to a depth of 30-80 cm. The soil is ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm and mixed with the pulp in a ratio of 1:6-1:20. Then the upper layer of soil is treated on the trace of passing of the rotary milling chisel plough 6 with the disinfectant.

EFFECT: increase in the degree of processing of slaughter tankage, accelerated decomposition of disposed biological material in the soil, improvement of soil fertility.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the collection, recycling and disposal of biological waste, specifically to methods of disposal of slaughter waste.

Known technical solution, Juricev S. D. Patent RU 2098972 C1. IPC6AV 7/00. 20.12.1997. Technological complex for slaughtering and deep processing of farm animals, mainly reindeer.

The invention relates to the design of a mobile slaughter units intended for slaughter and primary processing of animals. Technological complex contains a module industrial wastes.

The lack of technical solutions is the lack of utilization of the substance from the module production waste, which causes environmental and sanitary-epidemiological risk practical use.

Known technical solution Artyushkin A. A., Artushkin Algeria. A., Artushkina Y. A. Patent RU 2493876 C1. IPC A61L 11/00 (2006.01). 27.09.2013. The complex thermal disinfection, recycling and disposal of medical, biological, domestic and industrial waste. Disposal is performed in a chamber with a heater. The use of thermal destruction products resulting from the processing of biological objects, leading to high energy costs and the loss of biological material. As a result of applying technical solutions�Oia enter the atmosphere products with a high content of carbon and nitrogen, which is dangerous for the biosphere. Also, these products increase the likelihood of the greenhouse effect on Earth. These products can be safely recycled in the soil naturally and used in the biosphere to increase its level of biological productivity.

Known Federal Law on the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population. The law provides for the implementation of measures to ensure sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population of the Russian Federation, observance of hygienic regulations.

Known Veterinary-sanitary rules of collection, recycling and destruction of biological waste (amended on 16 August 2007). The rules provide for the following. Biological wastes are treated in meat and bone, bone, meat, feather meal and other protein feed additives, based on the following technological operations and modes: warm up the shredded waste in a vacuum boilers up to 130°C, the actual sterilization at 130°C for 30-60 min and drying boiled mass under vacuum at a pressure of 0.05-0.06 MPa at a temperature of 70-80°C for 3-5 hours. Biological waste can be cooked in open or closed boilers within 2 hours from the moment of boiling water. Received cooked food use only within the farm within 12 hours from the date of manufacture for feeding St�her or poultry in the form of supplements to the basic diet. The law also provides for burial in earthen pits, burning.

Slaughterhouse wastes obtained in livestock farms that do not have recycling plants, cannot be recycled on meat and bone, bone, meat, feather meal and other protein feed additives or cooked food. A significant portion of slaughtering waste is not named in the Veterinary-sanitary rules types of biological waste, since, for example, excrement of animals allocated directly to slaughter point, the contents of the stomach, intestines makes no sense to process them into meat and bone meal or to digest food.

The deficiencies in the existing technical solutions are:

the lack of slaughtering waste disposal in the design of a mobile slaughter units;

high energy costs for production of meat and bone, bone, meat, feather meal and other protein feed additives, boiling slaughterhouse waste in animal feed, combustion;

the lack of ability to preserve biological material in the biosphere for power plants in the case of incineration or dumping of slaughterhouse waste;

the lack of regulation of the disposal of part of the slaughtering waste, unsuitable for the production of meat and bone, bone, meat, feather meal and other protein feed additives, as well as for the penetration�of slaughtering waste feed;

the lack of use of slaughter waste to improve the productivity of land that allows you to get more feed without the energy costs incurred in the production of meat and bone, bone, meat, feather meal and other protein feed additives, boiling slaughtering waste to feed.

Known Federal Law "On wastes of production and consumption and secondary resources" (effective from 1 January 2014). The act provides for the regulation of technical solutions disposal of biological, domestic and industrial waste, in particular slaughtering waste, due to the prescribed level of treatment of biological waste: prohibits dumping of biological waste on soil, water bodies, places of gathering and storing waste removal in their placement and disposal of waste (p. 2. Article 36), provides priority processing of secondary resources on their disposal (Article 4).

Known technical solution Kalinichenko, V. P., the Patent for invention RU №2387115 C2. Registered in the State register of inventions of the Russian Federation on 27 April 2010, the Device for depositing the substance in a rotary soil loosening. The patentee Institute for soil fertility in southern Russia. IPC AV 33/02 (2006.01), AS 23/00 (2006.01). Application No. 2008124500/12 (029710) dated 16.06.2008. Published� 27.04.2010. Bul. No. 12. 6 C. Technical solution allows the introduction of substances into the soil in the process of rotary tillage with mixing (milling) of the inner layers of the soil. The design allows to exclude entry applied to the soil substances on the surface of the soil.

The technical problem which the present invention is, is to create conditions, which provide the following advantages.

1. Disposal of slaughter waste in the soil at a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm during mechanical rotary milling of the specified layer of the soil, with the soil at the same time perform its mixing with biological material. Biological material applied to the soil in the ground to a size of 2-5 mm condition with water as a slurry;

2. Gap trophic chains of distribution in the biosphere hazardous biological and infectious agents contained in a biological material utilized or capable of developing this material in the conditions of his stay in the biosphere by burial at a depth of at least 30-40 cm

3. The acceleration of the decomposition of biological material utilized by increasing the capacity of the active soil layer, the dispersed distribution of biological material in a dispersed system of soil, increase the surface contact bio�oricheskogo material in a dispersed system of soil, stimulating in this way the activity of the decomposers aboriginal saprophytes.

4. The exception is the danger of the spread of dangerous biological products and infections contained in disposable biological material.

5. The exception is the danger of the spread of products of biological decomposition of biological material utilized due to the reduction of virulence of the material due to the effect of dilution in the soil and suppress the virulence of the introduced material by soil saprophytes.

6. The exception is the danger of the spread of products of biological decomposition of biological material utilized due to rupture of trophic chains due to the unavailability of biological material placed within the soil to terrestrial consumers.

7. Reducing the risks of proliferation of biological material utilized soil by consumers due to their low speed of movement.

8. The use of soil biological material for improving soil fertility.

9. Increase the degree of utilization of slaughterhouse waste.

10. Reducing the likelihood of incomplete utilization of slaughterhouse waste.

11. Reducing energy costs for the disposal of slaughter waste.

12. The exception needs in the allocation of land under the points of concentrated disposal of slaughter waste and�of aktov their burning, thus increasing the potential environmental and recreational opportunities of the biosphere.

The technical result obtained in the practical application of the invention is to increase the degree of processing of slaughterhouse waste; accelerating the decomposition of the biological material utilized in the soil; the gap trophic chains of distribution in the biosphere hazardous biological and infectious agents contained in a biological material utilized or capable of developing this material in the conditions of his stay in the biosphere; improve soil fertility by ensuring the participation of soil biological material for power plants.

For the solution of the technical problem the proposed method involves grinding recyclable slaughtering waste, rotary subsurface machining Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft and its mechanical drive in the form of a rotary scelerata, the flow of the pulp from slaughtering waste and water from entering the soil, the distribution of the pulp from slaughtering waste and water within the soil during its rotary-soil loosening.

The method is characterized in that disposed slaughter waste is crushed to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixed with water or with water containing a disinfectant, in the ratio :3...1:5, make the resulting pulp into the soil to a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm, while the soil is ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm and mixed with the pulp in the ratio of 1:6...1:20, process the top layer of soil on the trail pass rotary scelerata disinfectant.

The invention is illustrated Fig., which shows a block diagram of the proposed method.

Source slaughtering waste 1, slaughtering waste shredder 2, water source 3, a mixer 4, a rotary-soil Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5 and its mechanical drive in the form of a rotary scelerata 6, the transport of pulp from slaughtering waste and water from entering the soil 7, block a disinfecting substance 8, the transport of the disinfecting agent 9 on the surface of the soil on the trail pass rotary scelerata 6, disinfected soil layer 10, mixed with the pulp soil 11 (vertical section of the soil after the execution of the method). Hydraulic channel 12 for supplying a disinfecting substance into the mixer 4 through the testimony of the properties of slaughtering waste.

The proposed method is implemented as follows.

As you run the slaughter slaughterhouse wastes accumulate in the source slaughtering waste 1. Then slaughterhouse wastes fed into the pulper slaughtering waste 2, where the dispersion is adjusted to a predetermined particle size of 2-5 mm. particle Size zadane more than 5 mm from the considerations in to biological objects is larger than the ground attracted consumers, were not available to them as food and contained in the products of the slaughter of infection have not been circulated by the trophic chains by land transfer. The particle size is set not less than 2 mm as the technical condition parameters of slaughtering waste shredder 2. The size of particles less than 2 mm does not reflect the criticality of a smaller size to a larger size of 5 mm, which simplifies the design of slaughtering waste shredder 2. As a result of grinding, but also because of the properties of slaughtering waste, they can also contain particles smaller than the specified range 2-5 mm, which is not critical, since the size of these particles satisfies the basic condition to ensure the unattractiveness and lack of access applied to the soil biological material to terrestrial consumers.

The second circumstance of the choice of particle size of 2-5 mm is to ensure maximum contact is made of a material with the structural separateness of the soil, which have approximately the same transverse dimension. It provides a rapid impact saprophytes of soil on the deposited material and its processing.

The third circumstance of the choice of particle size of 2-5 mm is to prevent the decomposition of biological material elements of waste large RA�measure autolytic enzymes and microbial enzymes, contained in this material that uncontrolled biological decomposition of the material leads to the synthesis of unfavorable and dangerous biological objects up to ptomaine. Conversely, for a given particle size and dispersed distribution in a dispersed system of soil dominated by a controlled process of decomposition of biological material saprophytes, resulting in the nutrients for the plants.

After grinding slaughterhouse wastes from chopper 2, together with water from the water source 3 is supplied to the mixer 4. In the mixer 4 receives the pulp. If necessary, according to the testimony of the properties of slaughtering waste disinfect the pulp. For this block from the disinfecting agent 8 in the mixer 4 is fed, in addition to slaughtering waste and water, and also disinfectant on a flow channel 12. As the disinfecting agent can be applied, for example, activated peracetic acid at a concentration of 1%. Recyclable slaughterhouse wastes mixed with water or with water containing a disinfectant, in the ratio 1:3... 1:5. The ratio of recyclable slaughtering waste and water, or water containing disinfectant, only critical from the point of view of ensuring the mobility of the slurry channels of the device and making high quality of its mixing with the soil. More than W�DCA the consistency of a particular batch of recyclable slaughtering waste, the smaller the value of the ratio should be selected and Vice versa. Obtained in the mixer 4 the pulp is fed to the mixing zone. In this zone operates rotary-soil Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5, the drive performs a mechanical actuator in the form of a rotary scelerata 6.

Through the path of flow of the pulp from slaughtering waste and water from entering the soil 7 to the treated layer of soil enters the pulp. Tillage and the introduction of the pulp is performed to a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm Depth of soil treatment is chosen from the point of view of maximum soil-conservation effect of subsequent use of the soil. More powerful than the original soil, the greater the depth of processing (Mishchenko N. And., Gromyko Y. V., Kalinichenko V. P., Chernenko, V. V., Larin S. V. Ecological and recreational recycling of phosphogypsum in soil on the example of Krasnodar region // Fertility. 2009. No. 6. P. 25-26., Kalinichenko, V. P., Sarsak V. K., Bezuglova O., Frankincense, E. P., Genev E. D., Illarionov V. V., Zinchenko, V. E., Morkowski N. And., Chernenko, V. V., Ilyin L. P. Change of soils solonetz complex in a 30-year period after retirement, and a new three-tiered reception rotary-milling // soil science. 2011. No. 8, p. 1010-1022). The depth of treatment should not be administered less than 30 cm from the point of view of ensuring the unavailability of deposited waste to terrestrial consumers. In this case the soil is ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm.

The particle size is assigned from the actually obtained data about the aggregate device of the soil after soil rotary processing (Kalinichenko, V. P., Sarsak V. K., Mironchenko S. F., Chernenko V. V., Frankincense, E. P., Genev E. D., Illarionov V. V., Udalov, A. V., V. V. Udalov, Kippel E. V. changes in the properties of soils of the solonetz complex, 30 years after reclamation treatments // soil science. 2014. No. 4. P. 490-506. DOI: 10.7868/S0032180X14040029). Aggregates of this size provide sufficient contact of the soil and made of matter and the flow of a given conversion process applied to soils slaughtering waste. Mix the soil with the slurry in a ratio of 1:6...1:20. This ratio provides the desired dispersion contact slaughtering waste and soil. On the other hand, at this ratio, the content of organic matter in the soil is small and corresponds to a known maximum values of the content of organic matter in the soil 5-15%. With the high content of organic matter in the soil eliminated its excess salinity and, therefore, loss of nutrients from the soil. On the other hand, when this ratio of the soil with the slurry for disposal of slaughter waste no need to handle large land area. However, if the task is to ensure the priority of subsurface soil from the point of view of agromedia�ation, the ratio of the soil with pulp can be increased up to 1:100, which will ensure safe disposal of wastes and their role as a source of additional nutrients for the plants.

In operation, rotary-soil Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5 continuously feed on the land plot allocated for the disposal of slaughter waste. After performing the mechanical treatment of the soil on the trail pass rotary-soil Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft 5 is a layer 30 40-50......80 cm are uniformly mixed with the slurry of the soil 10.

A crack in the soil, which leaves the mechanical actuator in the form of a rotary scelerata 6, from the block of the disinfecting agent 8 through the path of flow of the disinfecting agent 9 serves disinfectant. In the process of tillage disinfectant is mixed with the soil in the cracks. As the translational movement of the rotary-soil Ripper 5 disinfected soil on the trail pass rotary scelerata 6 flaking. Creates evenly mixed with disinfectant layer of soil 10.

The use of new elements in the form

shredding recyclable slaughtering waste to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixing the shredded recyclable slaughtering waste water or water containing desiny�yousee substance in the ratio 1:3...1:5, making the resulting pulp into the soil to a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm, with a grinding ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm and mixing with the pulp in the ratio of 1:6...1:20, processing of the upper layer of the soil on the trail pass rotary scelerata disinfectant, allowing you to recycle slaughterhouse wastes, and will be provided:

1. Disposal of biological, domestic and industrial wastes and, in particular, slaughtering waste in the soil at a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm during mechanical rotary milling of the specified layer of the soil, with the soil at the same time perform its mixing with biological material. Biological material applied to the soil in the ground to a size of 2-5 mm condition with water as a slurry;

2. Gap trophic chains of distribution in the biosphere hazardous biological and infectious agents contained in a biological material utilized or capable of developing this material in the conditions of his stay in the biosphere by burial at a depth of at least 30-40 cm

3. The acceleration of the decomposition of biological material utilized by increasing the capacity of the active soil layer, the dispersed distribution of biological material in a dispersed system of soil, increase the surface contact of the biological material in the Mgr�resonant system of the soil, stimulating in this way the activity of the decomposers aboriginal saprophytes.

4. The exception is the danger of the spread of dangerous biological products and infections contained in disposable biological material.

5. The exception is the danger of the spread of products of biological decomposition of biological material utilized due to the reduction of virulence of the material due to the effect of dilution in the soil and suppress the virulence of the introduced material by soil saprophytes.

6. The exception is the danger of the spread of products of biological decomposition of biological material utilized due to rupture of trophic chains due to the unavailability of biological material placed within the soil to terrestrial consumers.

7. Reducing the risks of proliferation of biological material utilized soil by consumers due to their low speed of movement.

8. The use of soil biological material for improving soil fertility and priority development producers of biomass, oxygen, disposal of soil and atmospheric sources likely excessive warming of the Earth's climate as a result of the greenhouse effect is methane and carbon dioxide.

9. Increase the degree of utilization of slaughterhouse waste.

10. Reducing the likelihood of incomplete� slaughtering waste disposal.

11. Reducing energy costs for the disposal of slaughter waste.

12. The exception needs in the allocation of land under the points of concentrated disposal of slaughter waste and products of their combustion, thus increasing the potential environmental and recreational opportunities of the biosphere.

Method of disposal of slaughter waste, including grinding, rotary subsurface machining Ripper with cutters on a horizontal shaft and its mechanical drive in the form of a rotary scelerata, the flow of the pulp from slaughtering waste and water from entering the soil, the distribution of the pulp from slaughtering waste and water within the soil during its rotary-soil loosening,
characterized in that disposed slaughter waste is crushed to a particle size of 2-5 mm, mixed with water or with water containing a disinfectant, in the ratio 1:3...1:5, making the resulting pulp into the soil to a depth of 30 40-50......80 cm, while the soil is ground to a particle size of 1-25 mm and mixed with the pulp in the ratio of 1:6...1:20, process the top layer of soil on the trail pass rotary scelerata disinfectant.



 

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