Carrier of super containers with labelled and ecologically unsafe cargoes
SUBSTANCE: proposed carrier comprises frame (1) with platform, two winches (3), two hydraulic jacks (8), load-bearing beams (7), service platform (10), two crossbars and support wheels. Props of hydraulic jacks are articulated with frame rear and equipped with mechanisms of turning said props through 180 degrees and connected with load-bearing beams coupled with service platform (10). Crossbar is composed of two plates pivoted by inclined buckles. Top plate has openings for locking clips of super container and plate attachments to said clips. Lower plate is provided with lugs at ends and with hinged cam arranged between top and bottom plates of crossbar and connected with lever with lug at end for hook of the winch pull cable. Support features shape and sizes that comply with those of super container top part and is equipped with fastening assemblies for connection with super container lifting eye bolts and support locks for attachment to service platform.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
The invention relates to vehicles for the carriage of supercontainers with bit and environmentally hazardous goods. Can be used in the design of trucks, semitrailers and lorries for the transport of environmentally hazardous cargo in the reinforced supercontainer.
Known trucks heavy-duty and rough terrain with a body that has a retractable awning and the means of fastening of transported cargo [see machinery and equipment for municipal economy: a Handbook / I. A. Bolt, G. D. Romaniuk, M. G. Bucovina. - M.: stroiizdat, 1994, pp. 80-84]. The main advantage of which is unification with the cars mass production, which reduces their production. Sliding awning ensures secrecy of cargo for technical aerial and space intelligence only in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum. A significant drawback of the solutions-analogues is the need to involve loading supercontainer automobile cranes of large size, which prevents the execution of works in the field, as the loading area may be sloped or its dimensions do not allow to place the heavy-duty crane. Also it is practically impossible to collection TFR�TNO with the use of shelters, designed for a standard size truck. A disadvantage of the solutions-analogues is the need for manual fastening of cargo in the vehicle.
These drawbacks are partially eliminated in the car with the changer body type "Multilift" [M. T. Griff, I. A. Vengerov, V. S. Olitsky, etc.: a Brief guide automotive, ed. in 5 volumes, vol. 4-2: Special and specialized vehicles, M: Autopolis, 2005, p. 158] is a prototype.
Loading of the container to the specified motor vehicle does not require compliance with the conditions required for operation of mobile cranes. Fixing the container in the back of the machine is carried out without manual operations, as the container is drawn into the body before latching stops.
However, the decision-the prototype has significant drawbacks that limit its use for the carriage of dangerous cargoes in supercontainer. Loading supercontainer in the back of a car is possible only upon tilting of the container through large angles, which is excluded for emergency discharge of cargo. Container length must exceed the height of the vehicle body above the ground, and its weight should not be large, causing the rise of the front of the car when tightening the container in the vehicle. In the case of vehicles for most bit� goods, this condition is not met: supercontainer heavy, but short. In addition, hinged to the platform of the car body is formally puts this car in the category of trucks, on which the carriage of dangerous cargoes, like people, are limited. In the solution-the prototype does not solve the drawbacks associated with stealth transport from technical reconnaissance means. The disadvantage of the prototype solutions is the lack of universality of the body, adapted for transportation of containers of the same size.
The objective of the claimed invention is:
- ensure loading of supercontainer bit with the cargo crane and a significant tilt of the container;
- improving the reliability of freight transportation;
- increase stealth transport.
The technical result is achieved in that in the vehicle for the carriage of supercontainers with bit and environmentally hazardous goods, containing a frame with a platform, a hydraulic system, two winches and supporting rollers with slots for the traction winch cables, additionally introduced two hydraulic Jack, four pairs of pivotally fastened their centers of the support beams, cargo platform, two crosshead, connecting two axles, four wheels and a cradle, rack hydraulic jacks upper portions pivotally attached to the side surfaces �AMA to her back, and their lower portions pivotally attached the lower ends of the front rails, and the upper front ends of the other pairwise connected by rails attached to the posts of hydraulic jacks movable joints, the upper rear ends of the support beams attached to the side surfaces of the loading platform movable joints, rear lower ends of the support beams and the support surface of hydraulic jacks equipped with rollers, the front part of the loading platform is pivotally fastened to the upper front ends of the support beams, the support shafts with slots for the traction cables of the winch installed in the rear loading platform, which grips under the hooks of the hoist rope, the lifting mechanism of the loading platform placed between pairs of connected supporting beams, and racks of hydraulic jacks equipped with mechanisms of reversal of racks 180 degrees in vertical planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, wherein the traverse is made of two pivotally fixed to a sloping screed plates, the upper plate has a length corresponding to the length of supercontainer, with Windows under the retaining bracket supercontainer and the attachment plate to the bracket, the bottom plate has a length longer than DL�well supercontainer, with eyelets on the ends and pivotally attached thereto an eccentric placed between the upper and lower yoke plates and connected to the lever with the lug on the end under the hook of the winch cable, the connecting axis formed by the length corresponding to the width of supercontainer and a diameter corresponding to the diameter of the holes of the bottom plate of the bar, the ends of the connecting axes are provided with retainers, made with transverse slots for winch cables, the gauge wheels are made with an inner diameter corresponding to the diameter of the connecting axis, and with an external diameter corresponding to half the height of the center lugs of the bottom plate yoke on its lower end, the distance between the line of Windows in the upper yoke plate and the bottom end of the bottom plate in the vertical position of the eccentric lever is selected corresponding to the distance between the center line of the locking lugs of supercontainer and the plane of its supporting surface, the frame's shape and dimensions corresponding to the shape and dimensions of the upper part of supercontainer and provided with attachment points for the lifting eyebolts of supercontainer and device for fixing the cradle to the loading platform.
The idea of the proposed technical solution is to download supercontainer to the loading ramp lowered to the extreme nizhnesolenyi, lifting loading platform along with supercontainer to the level of the platform frame of the vehicle and loading of supercontainer. After loading a cargo platform, lowered in position by pivot bonded with her racks hydraulic jacks becomes the roof of the load compartment of a vehicle than is provided by the increased secrecy of cargo from aircraft and spacecraft electronic intelligence. A cargo platform is pulled by the winch, through the cradle rests on supercontainer, reliably protecting it from displacement in the longitudinal and lateral directions.
Show the materiality of the distinguishing features.
Introduction of hydraulic jacks in the composition of vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with bit and environmentally dangerous goods is the new solution. It provides the exception of lifting the front of the vehicle when moving it heavy supercontainer with loading platform, and holding the platform frame in the plane of the load platform during loading and unloading operations.
The introduction of the loading platform and four pairwise connected by rails in the composition of vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with bit and environmentally dangerous goods and coupling them with racks hydraulic�ical jacks and cargo platform movable joints is the new solution. It allows you to keep in a horizontal position move the load when lifting/lowering the loading platform.
Equipping the bearing surfaces of hydraulic jacks and rear lower ends of the support beams and rollers is a new decision. It provides the possibility of lifting winches vehicle supercontainer at the initial stage of loading from the ground to the loading ramp and undocking vehicle from supercontainer when unloading on the ground.
Installation of the support shaft with slots for the traction cables of the winch in the rear part of the loading platform is a new solution. The result is a lifting of the front of supercontainer on the edge of the loading platform during loading of supercontainer in the vehicle. Additionally reduces the load on the traction winch cables by eliminating the sliding friction of the surface of supercontainer on the edge of the loading platform during loading/unloading operations.
The placement of the lifting mechanism of the loading platform between pairs of connected supporting beams is a new decision. It provides a lifting/lowering the loading platform with a small working during the mechanism.
Supply of hydraulic jacks stands by reversal mechanisms of racks 180 degrees in a plane parallel to the continued�Noah axis of the vehicle, is the new solution. This ensures the removal of the loading platform for the dimensions of the vehicle in a transport condition and use of the loading platform as the roof of the load compartment of a vehicle.
Introduction to the composition of vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with bit and hazardous cargo traverse two, made in the form of two pivotally fixed to a sloping screed plates, as well as supply them with the specified devices and parts is new. The result is the rise of supercontainer above the surface of the soil, loading platform and platform frame under tension of the traction hoist rope than eliminates sliding friction between said surfaces and the supporting surface of supercontainer. Excludes spontaneous rolling of a heavy supercontainer on the load platform and the platform frame.
The implementation of the top plate yoke with Windows under the retaining bracket supercontainer and equipping it with devices for fastening the upper plate to said brackets is a new decision. It provides not loading supercontainer on the vehicle without changing the design of supercontainer.
The essence of the proposed technical solution is illustrated by the drawing�m, which shows a diagram of the proposed vehicles for the transport of supercontainers with bit and environmentally hazardous goods.
Vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with bit and environmentally dangerous goods contains:
1 - frame with the platform;
2 - hydraulic system;
3 - winch;
4 - traction winches;
5 - supporting rollers with slots for the traction cables of the winch;
6 - supercontainer.
Nodes 1...6 characterize the prototype. In addition to them in the vehicle for the carriage of supercontainers with bit and environmentally hazardous goods introduced new nodes and devices with new connections between them:
7 - support beams pivotally connected at their middle parts;
8 is a hydraulic Jack. The Jack is a hydraulic cylinder is double acting and is widely used in different cars to unload the rear leaf springs [see machinery and equipment for municipal economy: a Handbook / I. A. Bolt, G. D. Romaniuk, M. G. Bucovina. - M.: stroiizdat, 1994, p. 139]. The difference lies in the fact that the reception of the hydraulic Jack provided with a guide in which slides the upper front end of the supporting beams 7;
9 - the pivot mechanism of stands hydraulic Jack 8. Such mechanisms are widely used in folding Gro�Ah automobile cranes [see, for example, O., A. Smirnov, I. P. Ulyanko: Hydraulic truck crane. - M.: stroiizdat, 1982, p. 32];
10 is a cargo platform. It is a normal cargo ramp, widely used in cars-the later self-loading trailers. The difference is that it is provided with guides on the sides, in which slide the upper rear ends of the rails 7. The front end of the loading platform is pivotally connected to the upper front ends of the rails 7;
11 - the lifting mechanism of the loading platform. In structure similar to the conventional lifting mechanism of the body of the truck;
12 - the upper limit of traverse. Traverse as specialized lifting devices are widely used in crane sector and have various adaptations for attachment thereto strophysics devices [see, for example, the above-mentioned source, p. 69]. The proposed technical solution, the upper limit of the crosshead is attached to the locking lugs of supercontainer. This upper limit is executed with the Windows, which take place in the retaining bracket. The connection is assigned to one of the most common such devices, for example, a device used to connect the hinged sides of the truck;
13 - the bottom strap yoke;
14 - eccentric;
15 - the eccentric lever. It serves to pivot the eccentric PI the cable tension 4.
In the proposed technical solution similar parallel traverse the chart ruler. In this way the bottom strap yoke fastened to upper plate 12. The difference is that for spreading strips of the yoke lower strap is provided with a Cam 14 disposed between the upper 12 and lower 13 yoke straps.
16 - connecting axis. A device similar to the neck barbell weightlifting;
17 - load wheels. They put on cervical connective axis 16 and are fastened by means of clamps similar to the clamps above the fretboard. The clamps provided with transverse slots for winch cables;
18 - lodgement.
The proposed vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with bit and environmentally dangerous goods operates as follows. Before loading to supercontainer 6 is attached to the crosshead. First one side of supercontainer 6 in the retaining bracket supercontainer 6 insert the upper plate 12 of the yoke and fix the connection nodes of the mounting plate to the bracket. Then in the eyelets of the lower strap 13 is inserted a connecting axis 16, on their neck wear support wheels 17. After that perform a similar procedure on the other side of supercontainer 6. Support wheel 17 is fixed on the necks connecting the axes of the clamps 16.
In the initial state of the rack Hydra�chip metallic jacks 8 are located in the upper vertical position. Cargo platform 10 is located over the frame, the platform frame 1 of the vehicle. Before loading the vehicle in reverse drives to supercontainer 6 by a distance corresponding to the length of the loading platform 10. Rack hydraulic jacks 8 unfold in a vertical plane 180 degrees and lower the rods of hydraulic cylinders hydraulic jacks 8 all the way into the ground. Further lowered using the lifting mechanism of the loading platform 11 to the load platform 10 in the lowermost position and having the traction roping 4 winches 3 via the supporting shafts 5 and clamps the connecting axis 17 to the levers 15. Next, include the winch 3 and, since the bearing surface of the supports of hydraulic jacks 8 and the lower rear ends of the rails 7 is provided with road wheels, the vehicle pulled to supercontainer 6 to the position when the front wheels 17 abuts the supporting rollers 5 located on the rear edge of the loading platform 10. Now under the action of the tension of the traction ropes 4 in the vertical direction of the front wheels 17 are raised on these supporting rollers 5. Since under the action of pull ropes 4, the lever 15 is deflected from its original position, the associated eccentric 14 pushes the plates 12 and 13 of the bar, and supercontainer 6 rises from the ground and continue�I move forward, creeps on the load platform 10. In this case the lower ends of the bottom strips 13 traverse function as the skids of the container in the solution prototype. On the ground roll only the rear wheels 17 (similar to the road wheels of the container in the solution-prototype). After that, work winches 3 suspend and with the help of the lifting mechanism of the loading platform 11 raise the load platform 10 to the upper position when the platform frame 1 and the cargo platform 10 will be in the same plane. Since the tension of the ropes 4 is weakened, supercontainer 6 of its supporting surface "sits" on the surface of the loading platform 10, thus excluding the possibility of spontaneous movement of supercontainer 6 on the load platform 10. Again, include winches 3 and tighten supercontainer 6 to the platform frame 1 of the vehicle. Release the traction ropes 4 and dismantle the yoke, which in the disassembled state can be placed under the platform frame 1 of the vehicle, similar to the placement tool to repair car MARS, designed to deliver repairmen and equipment to eliminate failures that occur in sewage, heating, water and electrical networks. Lower the cargo platform 10 in the lower position and deploy stand hydraulic Domke�s 8 in the upper position, translating the load platform 10 in position over supercontainer 6. Pushing the lifting mechanism of the loading platform 11 supporting legs 7 and press the load platform 10 to the cradle 18. And more reliable than analogue, fixed supercontainer 6 on the platform frame 1 of the vehicle. Finally the cargo platform 10 is drawn by the pulling cables 4 to the cradle 18, as in the transport position, the cargo boom truck crane is attracted to the vehicle frame.
Unloading of the vehicle is carried out in reverse order. The 4 cables winches 3 are brought into abutment shafts 5 and in the slot tabs on the connecting axis 16 in the opposite directions.
Thus, based on the analysis of the structure and functioning of the scheme of the proposed technical solution is possible to conclude that the vehicle for the carriage of supercontainers with bit and environmentally hazardous goods, which implemented the proposed solution has a number of advantages that meet the task - to ensure the loading/unloading of supercontainer without involving a crane and a significant tilt of the container. This increases the reliability of fixation of the cargo in the vehicle body and is provided with a stealth transport.
Vehicle for transportation of supercontainers with �Otradnyi and environmentally dangerous goods containing a frame with a platform, a hydraulic system, two winches and supporting rollers with slots for the traction winch cables, characterized in that it additionally introduced two hydraulic Jack, four pairs of pivotally fastened their centers of the support beams, cargo platform, two crosshead, connecting two axles, four wheels and a cradle, rack hydraulic jacks upper portions pivotally attached to the side surfaces of the frame in its rear part, and their lower portions pivotally attached the lower ends of the front rails, moreover, corresponding to the upper front ends of the other pairwise connected by rails attached to the posts of hydraulic jacks movable joints, the upper rear ends of the support beams attached to the side surfaces of the loading platform movable joints, rear lower ends of the support beams and the support surface of hydraulic jacks equipped with rollers, the front part of the loading platform is pivotally fastened to the upper front ends of the support beams, the support shafts with slots for the traction cables of the winch installed in the rear loading platform, which grips under the hooks traction hoist rope, hoist loading platform placed between the pairs of supports United�suspended ceilings, and racks of hydraulic jacks equipped with mechanisms pivot stands at 180° in vertical planes parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, wherein the traverse is made of two pivotally fixed to a sloping screed plates, the upper plate has a length corresponding to the length of supercontainer, with Windows under the retaining bracket supercontainer and the attachment plate to the bracket, the bottom plate has a length longer than the length of supercontainer, with eyelets at the ends and pivotally attached thereto an eccentric placed between the upper and lower yoke plates and connected to the lever with the lug on the end under the hook of the winch cable the connecting axis formed by the length corresponding to the width of supercontainer and a diameter corresponding to the diameter of the holes of the bottom plate of the bar, the ends of the connecting axes are provided with retainers, made with transverse slits for the traction winch cables, the gauge wheels are made with an inner diameter corresponding to the diameter of the connecting axis, and with an external diameter corresponding to half the height of the center lugs of the bottom plate yoke on its lower end, the distance between the line of Windows in the upper yoke plate and the bottom end of the bottom plate in a vertical position �of ichha eccentric is selected corresponding to the distance between the center line of the locking lugs of supercontainer and the plane of its supporting surface, lodgement is made in the form and dimensions corresponding to the shape and dimensions of the upper part of supercontainer, and provided with attachment points for the lifting eyebolts of supercontainer and device for fixing the cradle to the loading platform.
SUBSTANCE: proposed automobile of civil defence mobile centre comprises driver's cab, chassis, body platform with protective canopy. Canopy material is composed of multiply material reflecting IR radiation and comprises mid ply of polyether fabric of linen weave and bilateral PVC coating. Mid ply of polyether fabric of linen weave is impregnated with liquid polyurethane. Automobile is provided with one extra ply of fabric material secured outside said protective canopy and impregnated with glue-based composition with addition of the mix. The latter consists of equal portions of minced glass bits, mica, cement dry mix and lead bits or chips.
EFFECT: reduced effects of ionising radiation, higher strength of protective canopy.
FIELD: rescue operations.
SUBSTANCE: mobile complex for localisation and liquidation of emergency situations comprises the means providing localisation and liquidation of consequences of emergency situation, which consist of individual modules. The means provide localisation and comprise engineering-intelligence module which consists of a car with the intelligence and robotic complex and a trailer with the engineering equipment, and provide emergency recovery. The complex consists of independent modules, namely an auto-module of power supply of means of localisation, the auto-module of delivery of the means, the auto-module of providing protection of personnel, the auto-module of control of communications and life support, the auto-module of delivery of fluid materials, solid and bulk materials, the auto-module of food and maintenance.
EFFECT: improving the efficiency of operations of localisation and liquidation of emergency situations.
18 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed device is composed by load-bearing spatial metal structure arranged around cargo or cargo shell with the help of said cargo. Said structure comprises end walls (1, 2) with support seats for connection with carrier support thrusts, lengthwise thrust beams (3), lengthwise support beams (4) and top crosswise links. Main end beam tales up horizontal forces from carrier support thrusts via end wall end props. Device lower part accommodates two sets of lower ties (5) and lower crosswise ties (6) to take up vertical forces from lengthwise thrust beam (3). In some versions, set of elements makes an open or enclosed crosswise circuit and/or open or enclosed lengthwise circuit.
EFFECT: enhanced performances.
56 cl, 27 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises service platform with armour belt and extra means for varying the armour belt side armour boards inclination and centre of gravity. Said armour belt side armour boards are connected with outputs of inclination and gravity centre control means via inclination and gravity centre variation means. Armour belt allow changing of gravity centre elevation of side armour boards relative to service platform to elevation of gravity centre of carried cargo critical volume. This allows variation of side armour board gravity centres in horizontal direction and the inclination in axes parallel with service platform lengthwise axis. Side armour boards feature height equal to three maximum vertical sizes of carried cargo critical volume and width corresponding to maximum horizontal size of critical volume of carried cargo.
EFFECT: transportation of labelled cargoes on whatever roads.
SUBSTANCE: mobile laboratory of environmental monitoring comprises a car carrier, a navigation system based on GPS and an electronic compass, control and measurement instrumentation, laboratory, automated work place and technological equipment. The control and measurement instrumentation comprises equipment for continuous dosimetry measurement of gamma radiation, gas-analysing and chromatographic equipment, equipment for occasional measurement of gamma radiation, and gas analysers. The gas-analysing equipment for continuous measurement comprises a gas chromatograph equipped with a system of dampers, a chemiluminescent gas analyser, and IR Fourier spectrometer. The laboratory comprises a hardware-software complex and is provided with equipment for protection of laboratory personnel. The automated work place comprises a table of a chemist engineer, a table of engineer radiologist, a stand with cabinets for placement of gas-analysing equipment, and swivel chairs. The technological equipment comprises radio devices, a signal installation and a remote control, a light module, an emergency lighting system.
EFFECT: provision of continuous automated monitoring of organic and inorganic air pollution.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mobile complexes for the analysis of pathogenic biological materials (agents). A multifunctional mobile module complex contains four autonomous mobile modules. The first module is equipped with devices and equipment for the preparation of samples and carrying out the enzyme immunoassay of a biological material. The second module is equipped with devices and equipment for the preparation of samples and carrying out the analysis of the biological material by a method of the polymerase chain reaction and genotyping. The third module is intended for the collection, processing, analysis and storage of information about a biological situation. The fourth module is made in the form of a biological reconnaissance vehicle, intended for taking samples from a biological contamination source and carrying out the express-analysis of samples and their delivery into the first and second modules of the complex.
EFFECT: complete cycle of analysis aimed at the detection and identification of microorganisms from a bacteriological contamination source.
11 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: mobile training complex vehicle for population training in civil protection includes at least driver's cabin, freighter chassis, body platform which is covered by protective tent, equipment of mobile training complex . Protective tent material consists of infrared radiation reflecting fabric and contains textile base, metalised and microporous membrane layers. Polyester textile material is used as textile base. The metalised layer is presented by titanium nitride, and the microporous membrane layer is made of thermoplastic polyurethane resin and placed between textile base and metalised layer. Polyester textile material is saturated with cement liquid solution. Additional layer of textile material is fixed on the outside of protective tent and is saturated with consistence based on liquid polyurethane with addition of mixture. The mixture consists in equal portions of milled glass chips, mica and lead grit or chips.
EFFECT: enhancement of vehicle operational functionality and improved strength properties of body protective tent.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with manufacturing complexes. Mobile pultrusion manufacturing complex includes pultrusion process line (1), auxiliary equipment, housing consisting of at least two transport containers (2, 3) with openings on lateral sides. The containers are connected to create common interior space by corridor (4) including at least floor, side guards and roof. At least part of pultrusion process line is located in the corridor (4). Free space of containers is occupied by auxiliary equipment: power and climatic installations, raw material storage, shop. When the line is converted into transport position it is splitted into sections which are placed inside the containers where removable floor, side guides and roof are placed. Side guide and roof can be made of tent stretched on carcass or of hard panels combined into flat-topped structures and slid into containers for transportation.
EFFECT: higher operational reliability of mobile manufacturing complex, mobility and operativeness of complex transportation.
8 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, namely, robotics complexes for remote operation under combat conditions. A combat robotic complex (CRC) comprises an armament system, a station for CRC parking on a base of an all-terrain vehicle (3) (ATV) with a functional module (FM) (4), in which elements of CRC fixation (6) are located during transportation, mechanisms (7) for loading and unloading of CRC, a source (8) of autonomous power supply, a process control station (PCS) (10). The CRC control system includes a remote control station (RCS), placed on a chassis of a passenger armoured all-terrain vehicle (AATV), in which automated workplaces (AWP) are equipped for a commander and an operator, and there is an external remote control station (ERCS) to control motion and equipment of CRC 1.
EFFECT: invention expands technical capabilities, due to options of complex and its facilities relocation, convenience in operation and improved controllability.
FIELD: physics, communications.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to information technology for alerting the public on emergency situations in places that are difficult to access and protecting the public from natural and manmade emergency situations. A mobile system for informing and alerting the public in places that are difficult to access consists of a vehicle in the form of a vessel (1) on an air cushion with cabin (6), a full-colour LED video screen (2) built into said cabin and audio devices which are information media, a control device, a screen protection device, a power supply system, video and audio information sources. The mobile system further includes a computer for creating information clips, digital, audio, text and video information. The cabin is sound, vibration and heat insulated. The mobile system provides rapid reliable delivery to the place of use and multifunctional operation. The range of distances for guaranteed reception and recognition of information may vary depending on the number of people, location and climatic conditions.
EFFECT: invention improves efficiency of alerting the public on emergency situations in places that are difficult to access and prone to flooding.
4 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises self-propelled two-axle low capacity chassis (1), its frame (2) supporting dump body (4), winch (16) with drive and rope (17), controlled reversing reduction gear (7) with drive shaft composed of the transmission through shaft while driven shaft is articulated with fluid pump. Vehicle dump body (4) is equipped with bogie (19) with carcass and transverse elements (23) composed of lodgements with recesses. Said elements (23) support the ledges of cistern (27). Outer end surface (30) of cistern (27) supports pump assembly (31) with hydromotor (32) and pump (33).
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: truck (1) comprises cargo change frame with first and second end parts, two lengthwise beams (6, 7), two crosswise beams (9, 10) at ends of cargo change frame, first and second bases (17, 18) converging upward and connected with ends of frame lengthwise beams adjacent to the frame crosswise beams (9, 10). Every base (17, 18) comprises hook-like lifting shackle to engage with the cargo change device lifting jig gripper. Bed for lifting is exposed from below in vertical direction. Frame crosswise beams are elongated to extend beyond frame lengthwise beams to fit the support in place facing the bearing surface. Several such trucks allows their piling one above the other. Transportation of logs consists in loading the lumbering machine gripped from the truck pile (1) and its transfer by replacement of cargo with gripper engaged with the truck lishing yoke.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
33 cl, 32 dwg
SUBSTANCE: container tractor comprises platform (5) for containers (23) to be set thereat and two hoisting gears (9) including jibs composed of frame structures (12) mounted to turn in transverse plane. Frame structure crossbars are fitted parallel with the platform lengthwise axis. Ends of frame structures are fitted on turn drive output shafts while opposite ends are fitted in platform strut bearing assemblies coaxially with the turn drive output shafts. Frame structure crossbars support container grippers arranged at locked spacing to turn about crossbar. Top and bottom limit switches are arranged in frame structure turn path to disconnect turn drive motors. Tray with web is mounted at the platform. Protective shield (25) is located between driver's seat (24) and said platform. Container tractor is connected to power supply.
EFFECT: accelerated cargo handling.
7 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vehicle comprises chassis 1 equipped with mechanism 2 provided with hook frame 3 for replacement of bodies furnished with lock for attachment of replaceable body rails 5 to said mechanism 2, and replaceable body with coupling clevis. Replaceable body 6 is composed of front and rear sections 9, 10 interconnected by extension joint. Cargo is compacted by reciprocation of section 9 relative to section 10 fixed by lock 4 at the frame of mechanism 2.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and capacity.
3 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, particularly, to container tractors. Proposed vehicle comprises self-propelled chassis or draft chassis 1 with body 2 carrying device 3 for two-level arrangement, loading and transportation of containers 4 composed of two-level articulated three-section frame. First bottom section consists of carcass resting on body bottom 2 with fastening brackets and vertical guides for lower level containers 4. Second section is composed of the frame resting on the walls of lower row containers 4 and articulated with lower section fastening brackets. It has lengthwise guides to locate the third section for upper level containers and appropriate retainers.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, lower operating costs.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to vehicles with replaceable bodies for transportation of loose materials. Proposed vehicle comprises chassis 1 equipped with mechanism 2 for replacement of bodies provided with towing coupler 3, hydraulic drive, control board and replaceable body 8 with beams 9. Vertical transverse wall 10 is arranged at body center to turn in lengthwise vertical plane, to reciprocate along the body without displacement of chassis in body reciprocation caused of towing coupler effects. Hydraulic drive allows automatic reversing motion of hydraulic drive machine and adjustment of its action duration depending upon materials density.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and compaction.
4 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed vehicle comprises chassis 1 equipped with cargo-handling gear 3 for replacement of bodies with lock 3 for fastening body rails, rear support rollers 4 and towing coupler 5. Replaceable body 6 comprises rails 7, coupling clevis 8 and cargo extraction and compaction device driven by towing coupler 5 including lock jaw arranged between and coaxially with support rollers 4, chain gearing and draft crossbar with reversing ratchet gear. Upper sides of draft chains are connected with cargo extraction and compaction device while lower sides run over ratchet gear caught with support rollers shaft 4 by lock jaw. Said extraction and compaction device driven by towing coupler 5.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances, higher capacity.
7 cl, 18 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with handling mechanisms. Vehicle with handling mechanism (1) comprising: container (2) with grippers (6), extra frame (3) mounted on vehicle(13), swing frame (4) that may turn on said swing frame (3), sliding platform (5) moving on frame (4) to displace container (2) on swing frame (4) by appliances (7) interacting with said grippers (6). Crossarm (8) provided with couplers (9) to interact with grippers (6) at container bottom section (2) is arranged on edge of extra frame (3). Crossarm (8) may displace container from ground to level of swing frame (4) or vice versa.
EFFECT: ease of use and expanded operating performances.
10 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle for containers carriage contains platform (2) for containers fixing (21), where load lifting mechanisms are mounted with ability of lengthwise displacement, every of which includes arm (3) fixed as rotatable in transverse plane, implemented as frame, underside end of which is merely supported on rest (4), mounted on platform with ability of displacement by means of drive lengthwise of transport vehicle longitudinal axis. Back ends (6) of frame are connected to hydraulic ram of transverse beam fixing with capture (11) for interaction with transverse beam (7), pivotally connected to guide bar (8) of arm hydraulic ram (3), pivotally connected to rest (10), mounted with ability of displacement by means of drive lengthwise of transport vehicle longitudinal axis.
EFFECT: invention increases production efficiency and advances features.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles designed for carrying and mechanized loading and unloading of large-size containers. Proposed container carrier has frame 1, cross guides 2 secured in front and rear parts of frame in which carriages are mounted for movement by drive behind the limits of each of frame sides with fitted-on mechanisms for lifting and lowering of containers, and extensible supports including fixed and extensible parts 17, 18. Hinge side 19 is installed on each side of each carriage for turning in cross plane by drive. Additional guide is hinge-mounted from side of each cross guide on vehicle frame for turning in horizontal and vertical planes by drives. Extensible support is mounted on free end of additional guide for turning in vertical plane.
EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to trucks with handling equipment. Automotive handling device 18 comprises moving cargo platform 30 with its top aligned with body floor part Vertical drive ups and downs said platform 30 between top and bottom positions, the latter being located level with ground surface or that of another truck and whereat cargo can be displaced between cargo platform and ground surface. Cargo platform in its vertical displacement is located in fact inside perimetre of the device floor horizontal projection. Handling device comprises cargo module 24 including cargo platform 44 making a component of flow 52 of said module. Top surface of said cargo platform 44 is in fact aligned with module floor in folded position. Top surface of said floor 52 is in fact aligned with body floor in top position. Cargo can be displaced between body floor and cargo platform.
EFFECT: higher reliability and ease of handling.
15 cl, 9 dwg