Soil for sowing and germination of plant seeds

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular to crop production. The soil comprises material from the shape-generating biologically active substance and the sorbent biodegradable in soil for planting material. As the biologically active substance it comprises alkaline extract from humified flax shive, and as the sorbent biodegradable in soil for absorption of water and/or nutrient solutions - flax refuses at a ratio of 1:0.8-1.2 parts by weight.

EFFECT: use of soil enables to improve the parameters of vegetative and generative development of plants by increasing the germinating energy and speed of plant growth and development, especially under conditions of insufficient providing the plants with water while simultaneous environmental friendliness of the material for the environment.

2 dwg

 

The soils invention relates to agriculture, namely to the field of plant, and can be used in agricultural technologies at planting and cultivating plants using soil, particularly when sowing seeds of agricultural crops, vegetable, medicinal plants, planting bulbs or corms, as well as when planting in the ground grown in the greenhouse, seedlings of plants.

Known soils (patent RF №2314666). Known soils in its composition contains crushed and dried particles of biocompost and peat or a mixture in appropriate proportions.

The disadvantage of this soil is its high density, slowing the rate of seed germination and low mechanical strength.

Known soils for planting seeds or plants (Patent RF №2423036), which consists of one or a mixture of several formative biologically assimilable substances. Soils optionally contain granules swelling biodegradable in soil absorbent of water and/or aqueous solutions, the rate of swelling in the presence of soil moisture and absorption capacity exceed the speed of swelling and absorption capacity of the material of soils. As swelling biodegradable in soil absorption�NTA water and/or aqueous solutions used absorbent on the basis of polysaccharides and/or their derivatives.

The disadvantage of soils is their low mechanical strength and low absorption capacity with respect to water and nutrient solution. To increase mechanical strength, usually used by gluing or cementing substances. However, their use reduces the sorption properties of the soil and inhibits the germination of seeds, especially in conditions of lack of moisture.

The invention solves the problem of increasing the yield by accelerating the development of plants, increases their quality indicators and good survival of seedlings of plants grown in greenhouses when it was transferred to the open ground.

The technical result achieved by the invention is to create favourable conditions to increase the energy of germination, faster growth and development of plants, which ultimately leads to increased productivity and product quality while environmental safety of soils to the environment.

The task is achieved due to the fact that the soil for the sowing and germination of seeds of agricultural crops, horticultural, medicinal plants, planting bulbs or corms, as well as when planting in the ground grown in the greenhouse, seedlings of plants consisting of one or a mixture of several formative biologists�Eski active substances and are biodegradable in the soil of the sorbent. As biologically active substances it contains substances on the basis of alkaline extracts from humified linseed fires (according to GOST R 53143-2008), and as biodegradable in soil sorbent for absorbing water and/or nutrient solutions - flax waste (vitrase in the processing of flax fiber according to GOST 12285-77). The ratio of humified flax and flax waste is 1:0.8 to 1.2 by weight. Soils may be in the form of bulk mixture or compressed into tablets of round or rectangular form.

The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

Example 1.

10 g of humified linen bonfires treated with 10 g of 0.1 M KOH at a temperature of 20-25°C for 20-30 minutes. To the resulting solution add 10 g of linseed Ugarov, which is a ratio of 1:1 wt.h., and thoroughly stirred to obtain a homogeneous mass. For the formation of tablets of round shape or rectangular containers slightly dried mixture was placed in a forming device and leave until dry. To accelerate the forming process of forming the device is placed in a drying Cabinet (oven thermostat) at a temperature of 50-60°C for 20-25 minutes. Due to the allocation of natural lignin components of linseed fires Ugarov and linen binding to�components of soils. However, no additional binders and adhesives is not added. The mechanical strength of the soil in the form of tablets with a diameter of 5 cm and height 1 cm is at least a 0.020 MPa. The maximum sorption capacity of soils for water is 4.5 g of H2O per 1 g soil.

Example 2.

Is carried out according to example 1, the difference is that in this solution is added 8 g of linseed Ugarov, which is a ratio of 1:0.8 wt.h. The mechanical strength of the soil in the form of tablets with a diameter of 5 cm and height 1 cm is not less than 0.025 MPa. The maximum sorption capacity of soils for water is 3.6 g of H2O per 1 g soil.

Example 3.

Is carried out according to example 1, the difference is that in this solution is added 12 g of linseed Ugarov, which is a ratio of 1:1.2 by weight.h. The mechanical strength of the soil in the form of tablets with a diameter of 5 cm and height 1 cm is not less than 0,017 kg/cm2. The maximum sorption capacity of soils for water is 4.9 g of H2O per 1 g soil.

Example 4.

Is carried out according to example 1, the difference is that in the resulting solution is added 15 g of linseed bumps, which is the ratio of 1:1.5 wt.h. The mechanical strength of the soil in the form of tablets with a diameter of 5 cm and height 1 cm is at least 0,010 kg/cm2 . The maximum sorption capacity of soils for water is 5.1 g of H2O per 1 g soil.

Example 5.

Is carried out according to example 1, the difference is that in this solution is added 5 g of linseed Ugarov, which is a ratio of 1:0.5 wt.h. The mechanical strength of the soil in the form of tablets with a diameter of 5 cm and height 1 cm is at least is 0.023 MPa. The maximum sorption capacity of soils for water is 3.1 g of H2O per 1 g soil.

Thus, the most optimal ratio of linseed fire - flax waste is 1:(0.8 to 1.2). The use of flax Ugarov in the ratio more than 1:1,2 leads to decrease in mechanical strength of the resulting soils. The use of flax Ugarov in a ratio less than 1:0.8 to reduce the germination, energy of germination of seeds, reducing the rate of seed germination.

Example 6.

In pre-moistened soil, obtained in accordance with example 1, were planted on 100 pieces seeds of flax varieties Sunrise in 3 replications. In accordance with the recommendations of the Institute of flax (1980) after 7 days were analyzed germination, energy of germination and length of sprouts. As a control, the germination of seeds of flax varieties Sunrise in the same conditions, but in the bio containers (Patent RF №2423036).

Result�t: germination of seeds during germination in soils and in the bio containers did not differ significantly.

The energy of germination of seeds when grown on soils increased compared with control at 11-13%. Length of seedlings grown on soils compared to control, increased by 14-17%.

Thus, the application of the proposed soil helps to increase the quality of cultivated seedlings from seeds or from bulbs, they are a good survival rate when it is moved to the open ground.

Soils for sowing and germination of seeds of plants containing the material from forming a biologically active substance and biodegradable in the soil of the sorbent for planting material, characterized in that as biologically active substances it contains an alkaline extract of humified linseed fires, and as biodegradable in soil sorbent for absorbing water and/or nutrient solutions - flax waste at a ratio of 1:0.8 to 1.2 wt. h.



 

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2 tbl, 2 ex

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1 tbl, 3 ex

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EFFECT: improved quality of presowing treatment of seeds.

5 ex

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