Method of cultivation of wide row arable crops
SUBSTANCE: method comprises the basic tillage, sowing, care and harvesting. And the soil tillage is carried out with chisel tool with the formation of ridge bottom of the furrow, and sowing the crop is carried out over the deepening of the furrow bottom in every second deepening in the first year of sowing. In the second year the sowing is carried out over the unused deepening of the furrow bottom of the first year, and the width of row-spacing after tillage is equal to half the distance between the rows. The direction of sowing the crop is oriented perpendicular to the motion of the dominant wind. Sowing the crop over the deepening of the furrow bottom alternates with the steam bands, which are loosened during the growing season to the depth of 0.08-0.12 m at least 2 times. After harvesting the crops the plant residues are treated with biomineral preparation of nitrogenous fertilizers, complex humic concentrate and water taken in the ratio of 5:0.2:94.8 based on 310-320 kg per hectare.
EFFECT: method enables to preserve the soil fertility, destroy weeds, obtain quality products and save seeding material.
5 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to crops and agriculture.
The known method of planting corn in irrigated condition in which loosening of soil held chisel tool to a depth of 0.40-0.42 m, the plants are placed on the dredging furrows at a spacing of 0.70 m [Pindak V. I. Deep chisel tillage under irrigation / V. I. Pindak, V. F. Loboyko, V. N. Pavlenko // Reports of Russian Academy of agricultural Sciences. - 2009. - No. 2. - P. 54-55].
The technical disadvantage of this method is that the annual growing of wide-row crops leads to degradation of soil fertility, reduced crop yields, not a rational use of energy.
Known method of cultivation of wide-row crops with tillage to a depth of 0.38-0.42 m and the formation of estuarine bottom of the furrow, placing the plants on deepening the bottom of the furrow, groove, with the width of the aisle of 0.70-0.80 m, sowing in the following year is carried over the unused recesses of the bottom of the furrow of the previous year [Patent No. 2454064 of the Russian Federation, IPC A01G 1/00, A01B 79/02; application No. 2010152721/13 claimed. 22.12.2010; published. 27.06.2012 Bulletin No. 18].
The technical disadvantage of this method is the technological difficulties of processing between rows during the growing period, which contributes to the asset�WMD growth of weeds, violation of crops in water-air regime of the soil, reducing crop yields. Also not effectively used chisel tillage, biological properties of plants and soil-climatic conditions of cultivation of crops, which leads to gradual degradation of soil fertility, the already mentioned decrease in plant yield and higher overall energy consumption for the technology.
The technical problem is to maintain soil fertility, produce quality products and saving seed at the expense of rational use of possibilities of chisel tillage and optimization of the layout of cultures, the biological properties of plants, soil and climatic conditions of cultivation, and weed control.
Effect: preservation of soil fertility, weed control, produce quality products, saving of seed.
The technical result is achieved in that in the known method, including primary tillage, planting, caring and harvesting, and tillage spend chisel tool with the formation of estuarine bottom of the furrow, and the seeding of culture carried over the recesses of the bottom of the furrow in a depression in the first year of planting, for the second year of sowing is carried out on unused uglublenie�mi bottom of the furrow of the first year, the width of midplate after tillage equal to half the distance between rows, according to the invention the direction of the inoculation culture is oriented perpendicular to the dominant wind, the seeding of culture over the recesses of the bottom of the furrow alternates with steam strips, which during the growing season is loosened to a depth of 0.08-0.12 m not less than 2 times, after harvesting crops crop residues treated with biomineral the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers, complex humic concentrate and water in the ratio 5:0,2:94,8 based 310-320 kg per hectare.
The ratio of engaged recesses and steam strips is 6:1, the width of the steam bandwidth equal to three times the distance between rows. As the wide-tilled crops are used, for example, corn or sunflower. As nitrogen fertilizer use, for example, ammonium nitrate or urea, but as a complex of humic concentrate is used, for example, Forhuman or potassium HUMATE.
The method of cultivation of wide-row crops is illustrated by drawings:
1) of Fig. 1 - chisel tillage tool;
2) Fig. 2 - scheme of the formation of estuarine bottom of the furrow;
3) Fig. 3 - scheme of planting crops;
4) Fig. 4 - scheme of the growing season of crops.
The method of cultivation of wide-row crops to sell�next.
Primary tillage is carried out in the autumn once in 2-3 years by means of chisel tools (Fig. 1), which consists of a frame 1 of inclined struts 2, bits 3 and dumps 4. As a result chisel tillage is formed estuarine bottom of the furrow (Fig. 2) with the recesses 5 and elevations 6. Chisel tool and it generates the estuarine bottom of the furrow is characterized by the following indicators: the depth of cut H=0,35-0,40 m; width midplate m=0.35 to 0.40 m; width of the bit B=0,06-0,07 m; bevel angles of the ridges α≈45°; depth of action of heaps h=0.15 to 0.20 m. When the cultivation of the soil on the surface of the field set the markers or use modern satellite navigation system (GPS), showing the location of the recesses and elevations of the bottom of the furrow.
In the spring after sowing harrowing and cultivation of the soil to achieve optimum temperature is carried out planting seeds universal seeder, for example SUPN-8 (Fig. 3, I). Crops are oriented perpendicular to the dominant wind direction in the period of vegetation of plants, for example, from East to West. This farming technique allows to significantly reduce the blowing of moisture from between the rows of plants. Sowing is carried out over the dredging furrows through one. The openers of the planter are arranged so that the width of the M row spacing was 0.70-0.80 m, i.e. M=2 m. On extreme row unit (Fig. 3 X) drowns, which allows to generate steam in crops strip L, the width of which is equal to three distances between the rows, i.e., L=3 M=6 m. Thus, the first pass of the planter dredging furrows 7 and 21 are seeded (muted sections); 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 - not used; 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 and 19 involved, i.e. seeded. In the second pass of the planter dredging grooves 23 and 37 are not seeded (muted sections); 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 - not used; 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35 - involved. The distance from 19 dredging furrows to 25 form a steam zone which is equal to 6 midplate m or 3 M between rows, i.e. is 2.1-2.4 m And so on.
During the growing season depending on weather conditions, disease and pests, and contamination of crops carry out the activities necessary to care for plants.
At the onset of maturity, for example, wax in corn or yellow-brown and brown baskets sunflower, nuko culture combines with shredders, leaving stubble residues on the field surface. Then plant residues processed through a trailed sprayer biomineral drug from hectare 310-320 kg and harrowed field. As a biomineral drug use composition of nitrogen fertilizers and complex humic concentrate. For example, the composition is based �and a hectare is, kg: water - 300, ammonium nitrate is 12-15 and florgumata - 0,5-0,6. Nitrogen is a catalyst in the decomposition process, and forhuman necessary for the settlement of bacteria that digest plant residues.
In the second year of technological operations repeat in the same sequence, but the seeding of culture carried over the unused recesses of the bottom of the furrow of the first year with the offset stripes on steam one row (Fig. 3, II). Namely: the first pass of the planter dredging furrows 8 and 22 not seeded (muted sections); 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 and 21 - not used; 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20 involved, i.e. seeded. In the second pass of the planter dredging grooves 24 and 38 are seeded (muted sections); 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35 and 37 - not used; 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 - involved. The distance of 20 dredging furrows to 26 form a steam lane. And so on. Scheme of vegetation crops shown in Fig. 4, I - the first year of cultivation, II - second year of cultivation.
The presence of steam of bands and their treatment during the vegetation period it is possible to enhance the effect of tilled crops as its predecessor, as ¼ busy area under crop parwada, to get from one plant products in greater quantity and of high quality, due to the optimal water-air, radiation and food regimes in crops, save up to 25% of seed mate�Yala.
The cultivation of row crops, in this example, corn, conducted on light-chestnut soils under irrigation. The moisture regime of the soil differential h=0-0,4-0,7 m, i.e., the soil layer of 0-0. 4 m were soaked in the period from germination to 13 leaves, and then a layer of 0-0. 7 m. In our experiments we used a hybrid Volga 89 MB. The dose of mineral fertilizers amounted to N180P95-K50and 50% of nitrogen and 80% of phosphate and potash were made under primary tillage, the remainder of the fertiliser at sowing.
For comparison of the proposed method of cultivation of wide-row crops and famous counterpart crops were located in the same soil-climatic conditions in neighboring fields.
Of course, in the analogue, the alternation of crops with steam strips, oriented towards crops, crop residues and tillage steam strips in mind their absence is not performed. Seeding rate of corn seeds in the analogue was 55-60 thousand/Ha. Other activities to care for corn during the growing period on both options were the same.
Averaged over the years of study comparative results of the proposed method and the analogue are summarized in the table.
Application of the proposed method allows to maintain soil fertility, reduce W�spending on seeds, to get quality products for greater productivity in comparison with the known analogues, and consequently, to increase the profitability of agricultural production. This is due to the following.
1. The proposed technology of cultivation of wide-row crops with steam lanes creates more favorable conditions for development of plants and soil microorganisms, mineralization of plant residues available in the form of batteries, to maintain and enhance the humus content, and thus soil fertility.
2. Due to the proposed scheme of sowing ¼ of arable land occupied parwada that can grow in wide row crops in one place for several years without reducing yield and load on the soil and also to save up to 25% of the seed.
1. The method of cultivation of wide-row crops, including primary tillage, planting, caring and harvesting, and tillage spend chisel tool with the formation of estuarine bottom of the furrow, and the seeding of culture carried over the recesses of the bottom of the furrow in a depression in the first year of planting, for the second year of sowing is carried out on an untapped recesses of the bottom of the furrow of the first year, while the width of midplate after tillage equal to half the distance between rows, wherein n�the Board of sowing culture is oriented perpendicular to the dominant wind, sowing culture over the recesses of the bottom of the furrow alternates with steam strips, which during the growing season is loosened to a depth of 0.08-0.12 m not less than 2 times, after harvesting crops crop residues treated with biomineral the preparation of nitrogen fertilizers, complex humic concentrate and water in the ratio 5:0,2:94,8 based 310-320 kg per hectare.
2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the ratio of engaged recesses and steam strips is 6:1, the width of the steam bandwidth equal to three times the distance between rows.
3. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the wide-tilled crops are used, for example, corn or sunflower.
4. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that as the nitrogen fertilizer is used, for example, ammonium nitrate or urea.
5. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that as a complex of humic concentrate is used, for example, Forhuman or potassium HUMATE.
SUBSTANCE: bio-organic fertiliser consists of organic wastes of agriculture and of poultry dung processed by micro-biological fermentation with micro-elements including copper, cobalt and zinc. The fertiliser also contains macro-elements of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a bound form. Components of the fertiliser are at the following ratio: total nitrogen -4.0…7.0; including ammonia nitrogen 2.5…4.0; phosphorus (P2O) - 7.0…12.0; and potassium (K2O) - 1.0…3.0. Micro-elements are at the following ratio: weight concentration of mg/l - copper 3.0; cobalt - 5.0; zinc - 23.0; water - 85…95. Also fertiliser contains phytohormones, humic acids and fulvic acids at the following ratio - auxins, mg/l (for indolyl-3-acetic acid) not less 3.0; gibberellins, mg/l (for gibberellin acid) not less 17.0; cytokinins, mg/l (for kinetine) not less 500.0; humic acids, mg/l not less 1000.0; fulvic acids, mg/l not less 1000.0. Recommended degree of preparation dilution for foot root fertilising is 20 times, for guaranteed influence on vegetation processes - 50…100 times, and for stimulating generative processes - 200 times.
EFFECT: complete and safe utilisation of aggressive wastes of poultry factories and livestock complexes, and increased crop yield and quality of agricultural crops at reduced dozes of fertilisers.
2 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the production of a peat-humic preparation used for root and foliar application of different crops in the open and closed ground, as well as a biologically active supplement for animals and fish. The dry peat-humic compound comprises a mixed composition on the basis of peat of preliminarily shredded peat and a biologically active organic supplement. The method of production of the dry peat-humic preparation comprises crushing, mixing and drying the organic raw material consisting of peat and the biologically active organic supplement to obtain the dry peat-humic product in the form of a homogeneous equally-dispersed mixture. The biologically active organic supplement is used as a plant composition consisting of needles of Scotch pine, Rhodiola rosea root, grass and root of anomalous peony, grass of rape and of Echinacea purpurea in the flowering stage to obtain an intermediate dry peat-humic product which is additionally crushed for 13-15 minutes, divided into four equal initial fractions, into each of which added is with stirring one dry culture of bacteria Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Arthrospira fusiformis and Actinomyces. Mixing is carried out separately with each dry bacterial additive in a mixer with a water jacket, followed by chilling. Then, mixing of all received components is carried out to a homogenous mass in the mixer with a water jacket, followed by chilling the resulting mixture. Stirring is resumed to chilling to 9-11°C. The resulting ready dry peat-humic preparation containing at least 106 CFU/g dry culture of each bacterium is unloaded onto an open platform. After exposure for 24-26 hours it is packed in bags and exposed for 40-48 hours more.
EFFECT: embodiment of the inventions provides obtaining the dry peat-humic preparation having higher efficiency due to the high level of the bacterial content in the preparation, enhancing biochemical and microbiological processes in soil and plants that improve plant nutrition, effectively suppresses pathogenic and potentially pathogenic microorganisms in soil and plants.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture. The air biosoil - an artificial soil consists of large clumps of 2-10 mm in size, uniformly distributed over the volume, the small clumps of 0.1-0.3 mm in size, and the ultrafine clumps of up to 10 microns, with a total porousness of at least 40%, with a content of organic matter of not less than 20%, the acidity of pH 6-8, having a colour from light brown to black, containing microflora characteristic to wild black soil. The method of air biosoil preparation consists in the fact that waste products of animals and other organo-mineral wastes are mixed, peat, scanty soil and other filling materials are added, the resulting mixture is crushed to obtain at least 40% of small clumps, 1-5% of mixture is selected and passed through a disintegrator to obtain ultrafine clumps, they are mixed with the rest of the mixture, the concentrated soil solution is added in an amount of 1-3% by volume of the mixture, then the sorbent additives are added to provide porousness of at least 40%, the mixture is stirred by pouring to the containers with the displaced centre of gravity to ensure homogeneity , the mixture is placed into a fixed container and maintained at an optimum temperature within 20-37°C for at least 24 hours.
EFFECT: invention enables to increase the humus content and to improve productivity of creating soil from wastes.
SUBSTANCE: method of production of biofertiliser comprises obtaining of bio-mixture by adding microbial cultures Pseudomonas sp. 114 deposited in the RNCIM under the number of B-5060, and Azotobacter chroococcum B-35deposited in the RNCIM under the number of B-6010, with a titre of 108 cells/ml at a ratio of 2:1 on a dry combined carrier with the rate of 60 ml per 1 kg and stirring. The carrier is used as cellulose-containing substance such as sunflower or rice husks and mineral-containing component such as perlite, taken in the ratio of 1:3 by weight, then the bio-mixture is applied to the floor of poultry premises at a dose of 30-70 g per 1 m2 at a humidity of the carrier of 15-20%, then the bio-mixture with the wastes of poultry premises is collected while accumulated and stored in piles.
EFFECT: invention enables to accelerate the process of bioconversion with simultaneous increasing the biological activity of the conversion product and environmental safety.
5 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method of increasing soil fertility includes pre-sowing treatment of Lucerne seeds with liquid biopreparation, cultivation and mowing of lucerne green mass. For seed treatment used is liquid bacterial biopreparation based on strain Sinorhizobium meliloti Yakutskiy No 2 SRI ARRIAM RCAM00826. Said preparation is taken in amount 1 billion of cells per 1 lucerne seed.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to increase humus content in soil under old-aged lucerne grass stand.
2 ex, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in microbiology. The culture medium contains potassium dihydrophosphate, potassium hydrophosphate, magnesium sulphate heptahydrate, sodium chloride, calcium sulphate dihydrate, sodium molybdate, iron (II) sulphate, saccharose, phosphorite and distilled water in a given ratio.
EFFECT: invention speeds up growth of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-mobilising microorganisms.
1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in microbiology. The culture medium contains potassium dihydrophosphate, potassium hydrophosphate, magnesium sulphate heptahydrate, sodium chloride, calcium sulphate dihydrate, sodium molybdate, iron (II) sulphate, saccharose, vermiculite and water in a given ratio.
EFFECT: invention speeds up growth of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-mobilising microorganisms.
1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in microbiology and agriculture. The culture medium contains potassium dihydrophosphate, potassium hydrophosphate, magnesium sulphate heptahydrate, sodium chloride, calcium sulphate dihydrate, sodium molybdate, iron (II) sulphate, saccharose, sapropel and water in a given ratio.
EFFECT: invention speeds up growth of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-mobilising microorganisms.
1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in microbiology. The culture medium contains potassium dihydrophosphate, potassium hydrophosphate, magnesium sulphate heptahydrate, sodium chloride, calcium sulphate dihydrate, sodium molybdate, iron (II) sulphate, saccharose, zeolite and distilled water in a given ratio.
EFFECT: invention speeds up growth of phosphate-mobilising microorganisms without changing the rate of growth of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms.
1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of production of soil mixture for germination of seeds and development of seedlings, which is characterised in that the biohumus is prepared by bacterial processing of moist cellulose-containing wastes, which are used as fibre waste hydrolyzate obtained using 0.5% aqueous solution of diammonium phosphate for 20-40 minutes under pressure at a temperature of 120°C, or fibre waste, or a combination of fibre waste with crushed bark or crushed sawdust, probiotic feed additive Ferm-KM and the preparation Gliokladin™, and in the case of use of the fibre waste hydrolyzate for bacterial processing the dry fodder yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is additionally used, the process is carried out during a week at a temperature of 25-30°C, and the bacterial processing is carried out for a month at a temperature of 25-30°C and regular turning the mass, and the resulting product is subjected to vermicomposting with red Californian worm for 2-3 months, after that the resulting biohumus is dried and mixed with peat in a ratio of 10-30% of biohumus and 90-70% of peat, respectively.
EFFECT: invention enables to increase the intensity of processes of bacterial processing of cellulose-containing wastes, to improve the quality of biohumus and the desired product.
SUBSTANCE: method for microbiological treatment of poultry droppings is carried out using microbiological cultures diluted in water and introduced in poultry droppings. As the microbiological cultures the yeast strain Candida krusei-96 and food yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are used in a ratio of 1:1 with a titre of 108 CFU/ml. The microbiological cultures are applied in the amount of 2 ml per ton of droppings once followed by layering of poultry droppings with the adding up to 20% moisture-absorbing material.
EFFECT: improved method.
2 cl, 2 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: method of presowing treatment of seeds of Silphium Perfoliatum comprises seed stratification for 40 days in a refrigerating chamber at the temperature of 1-30°C followed by soaking for 12 hours in an aqueous solution of salts of microelements: MnSO4 with the concentration of 100 mg/l, ZnSO4 - 40 mg/l and CuSO4 - 15 mg/l.
EFFECT: method increases the germinating energy, germination of seeds of Silphium Perfoliatum and shortens the period of seed germination by 5-6 days.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a horizontal platform with a vertical tripod mounted on it, equipped with a device for hanging plants, electronic scales with compensator of container, mounted on the platform, and a vessel with liquid, mounted on the scales. At that the device comprises the linear motion sensor of the device for hanging plants, which is made in the form of the arrow, rigidly fixed to the carriage, moving on the guide along the tripod using the mechanical drive, and is equipped with a clip to attach the plants, as well as the microprocessor measuring unit of geometric parameters of plants.
EFFECT: additional determining of development indicators of above-ground part of plants - the cross-sectional area and diameter of the stem and increase in productivity of the procedure of control of geometrical parameters of plants.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, particularly to nursery and gardening. The substrate includes sawdust and additionally contains a compound mineral fertiliser, ash and a preparation having a composting property, with the following content of components, wt %: sawdust - 80-90, compound mineral fertiliser - 3-5, ash - 3-5, preparation having a composting property - 4-10, wherein the sawdust is pretreated with potassium permanganate. The compound mineral fertiliser used is, pts.wt: ammonium nitrate - 3, superphosphate - 1.5, potassium sulphate - 0.5. The preparation having a compositing property used is Vozrozhdenie.
EFFECT: use of the substrate reduces cases of plants dying during planting and improves the quality of seedlings.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises planting grass mixtures of legume crops. The tillage to a depth of 20-25 cm, surface levelling and sowing seeds is carried out with inter-row spacing of 15 cm under the scheme leban-alfalfa-alfalfa-leban. In the first year of life in May, in the budding phase - the beginning of flowering, the alfalfa is harvested together with leban for hay. On the second year in spring leban is used for hay, and in winter it is grazed off by sheep or cattle. In other years leban is grazed off at the grassroots alternatively - in summer and in winter, with seeding rate of leban of 5 kg/ha, alfalfa - 6 kg/ha of seeds. Two-component mixtures of leban and alfalfa are sown in winter. For self-sowing of leban every two years grazing of leban is alternated in summer and the following year in winter.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the productivity of grassland crops and to improve soil nutrient content.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method comprises watering using the system of mole drainage, flooding rice checks, mowing rice in rolls with two-three-fold threshing of rolls while leaving rice straw on the surface of the check. In autumn before fall ploughing the chemical ameliorant phosphogypsum is applied along with 60 t/ha manure on the surface in the dry state by spreading on the surface using spreaders. The ameliorant dose depends on the degree of soil salinisation: in case of the exchangeable sodium content of less than 15% 3-5 t/ha is applied, in case of 15-20% - 8-10 t/ha, and if it is greater than 20% - 10-15 t/ha. In spring the mole drainage of subsurface layer is carried out, the disease-treated rice seeds are sown in ordinary way. Then flooding of rice checks is carried out with water layer of 10-12 cm. In case of a very strong degree of soil salinity the originally created layer is drained after 2-3 days, and the checks are flooded again with fresh water, in the initial period of development of rice plants - from seed germination till emergence of 2-3 leaves, for the period of germination and seedling emergence (23-27 days) the water is drained and during this period dressing with fertilisers and growth stimulants is carried out, treatment with herbicides using aircraft is carried out. After the mass seedling emergence in phase of 2-3 leaves on the rice field layer of water of 10-12 cm is created again and supported up to tillering period, and then reduced to a level of 5-10 cm. If increase in mineralisation of water to 2 g/l in the check is recorded, its drainage and replacement with fresh water is required. In the early phase of booting the water layer is increased to 15 cm and kept to the end of the milk stage. In case of increasing of mineralisation of water its systematic replacement is carried out, then the water supply is stopped and by the beginning of full ripeness of grain the water is completely drained.
EFFECT: method enables to prevent the surface redistribution of irrigation water during irrigation, to reduce infiltration groundwater recharge, to prevent resalinisation of the soil root zone, and to reduce the salinity of the upper layer of soil, and to increase the grain yield of rice.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises processing soil in row spacing and care of plants using tillage tools in the unit with wheel-type tractors. At that the wheel-type tractors move along permanent artificial tracks with hard coating in the root zone of hop plants. Supports for placement of race tracks are made in the form of a metal pipe embedded in soil, which is welded to two brackets, and two race tracks with hard coating are placed on them.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the yield of hops and the performance of machine units.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes the harvesting of the previous culture, adding of phosphoric fertilisings, skimming, application of organic fertilisings. Tillage is performed with a complete turnover of the layer, relief leveling, early spring harrowing, pre-plant tilling, sowing, inter-row care, vegetation waterings and harvesting. Meanwhile for intensifying of photosynthetic activity of its culture during its growth and the decrease of the growing season, just before the amaranth sowing a nanostructure water-phosphatic suspension consisting from nanoparticles with the dimensions below 100 nm and obtained from connatural phosphorites is applied into the soil, at the rate of 1.0-2.0 kg per 1 ha of the sowing area.
EFFECT: method allows to increase nitrogenase activity of amaranth during growth and to reduce a growing season while keeping a former level of productivity of the given culture.
2 tbl, 15 ex