Method of purification and health improvement of human organism
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to methods of purification and health improvement of an organism. For this purpose therapeutic starvation for not fewer than 5 days in case of a 7-day programme and for not fewer than 7 days in case of a 9-day programme is carried out. The duration of a recovery period constitutes two days. Food intake is realised nine times per day each day both in the process of therapeutic starvation and in the recovery period. In the period of therapeutic starvation the first food intake includes bee products "APIGRANULES 2" in a dose of one teaspoon, "KHINAZI balm" in a dose of one teaspoon, "A-P-V" in a dose of one teaspoon, "APITOK" in a dose of one teaspoon, "Antihelm phyto" - one capsule and still mineral water - one glass. The second food intake includes a drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, honey - one teaspoon and one glass of apple-carrot juice. The third food intake supposes an intake of bee products "APIGRANULES 2" in a dose of one teaspoon, "KHINAZI balm" in a dose of one teaspoon, "A-P-V" in a dose of one teaspoon, "Antihelm phyto" - one capsule and still mineral water - one glass. The fourth food intake includes a drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, honey - one teaspoon and one glass of apple-carrot juice. The fifth food intake consists of tea black or green with ginger, one teaspoon of honey and one glass of apple-carrot juice. The sixth food intake consists of bee products "APIGRANULES 2" in a dose of one teaspoon, "A-P-V" in a dose of one teaspoon, "Antihelm phyto" - one capsule and one glass of still mineral water. The seventh food intake includes tea black or green with ginger, one teaspoon of honey and one glass of apple-carrot juice. The eighth food intake supposes an intake of tea black or green with ginger, one teaspoon of honey and one glass of apple-carrot juice. The ninth intake of food includes depressant tea, including mint grass, valerian root, fennel seeds, cumin seeds, epilobium or strawberry leaves and one glass of apple-carrot juice. In the recovery period in 1-st, 2-nd, 3-rd, 4-th and 6-th intakes of food the composition of products remains the same as in the process of starvation. For the fifth intake of food the patients take tea black or green with ginger, one teaspoon of honey and vegetable soup. For the seventh intake of food the patients take tea black or green with ginger, "MILK COCKTAIL WITH CHITOSAN". The eighth intake of food includes tea black or green with ginger, one teaspoon of honey, "APICAMPA" cereal. The ninth intake of food for the recovery period includes a baked apple, depressant tea. In addition, a number of procedures are carried out after each food intake during the period of therapeutic starvation and the recovery period. After the first food intake gymnastics "5 Tibetan pearls" is realised. After the second food intake exercises on training apparatuses, procedures of press-therapy, electrolypolysis and myostimulation are realised. After the third food intake exercises of therapeutic physical training or aerobics are performed. After the fourth food intake a rest in form of a walk, a halotherapy session, combined with a session of relaxation therapy are realised. After the fifth food intake a course of strip-plastic is carried out. After the sixth food intake massage by manual application with a peloid-based mixture or manual massage with honey is carried out. After the seventh food intake an infra-red sauna, shower, phytobath with medicinal herbs, honey, ginger, lemon juice is taken. After the eighth food intake a shower is taken.
EFFECT: method ensures effective health improvement of the organism with the preservation of the full value life style and a sense of a comfortable state in the starvation period, reduction of recovery period term after starvation, purification of the organism without loading on the gastrointestinal tract, weight loss, and improvement of the general state and workability of the patients.
3 tbl, 7 ex
The invention relates to the field of medicine, namely to methods of cleansing the body. In particular, can be used in therapeutic and prophylactic purposes for the improvement and extension of active aging, improve the appearance and efficiency.
Currently known as pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods of purification, healing the human body.
The known method of purification of an organism through means of natural origin (patent RF №2191023, IPC A61K 35/00). In the known method, the patient is injected subcutaneously remedy received by suspendirovanie fresh chicken eggs in physiological solution at a ratio of 1:3, and per os a slurry containing the pollen, containing 21 amino acids, honey and water. Injections are once a week in increasing dose treatment - 2.5 months.
Although the known method of purification leads the body to self-regulation, i.e. to the improvement of the body, and is applicable for different types of the disease. It is quite difficult, requires special conditions of cooking tools, injected subcutaneously. And most importantly - the technology of preparation of suspended solution chicken eggs that you can use fresh only demolished the egg, and in the day of preparation, that is very limiting application of the method.
Famous FPIC�b non-drug healing the body and can be used to cleanse the body of toxins (patent RF №2254870, IPC A61K 35/78, A61H 7/00, A61H 33/04). The method includes receiving a choleretic fees and the application of heat treatments in the form of daily baths and saunas. The purification is carried out at a salt-free vegetarian diet. Decoctions choleretic fees take half an hour before meals, bath use Rassolov chloride-sodium mineral water containing ions of bromine and iodine, and a sauna administered in 1, 2 and 3 days. Additionally prescribed massage of the abdomen in 2, 3 and 4 days, klezmania bowel with herbal teas after Breakfast in 2, 3 and 4 days, after lunch at 1, 2 and 3 days and tyubazh - the 4th day. On the day of the tyubazh prescribed honey-juice diet. At day 5 after Breakfast produce two klezmania of the intestine at intervals of 15-20 minutes. The course duration is 6 days. The method may be supplemented daily sessions phytoaromatherapy, back massage, exercises in swimming pool, therapeutic exercise.
However, this method has disadvantages such as klezmania bowel with herbal teas three days in a row, 2 times each day, in addition, yet tyubazh. As is known, when carrying out these procedures, a person has to experience discomfort. In addition, in the process of purification with the use of klezmania is an intensive erosion of the intestinal flora necessary for proper digestion and assimilation of food. Data % �fools contribute to the development of dysbiosis and impaired absorption of the essential nutrients for normal functioning of a person and his active lifestyle and can lead in turn to lower body tone, health and weakening of the immune system and subsequently can contribute to the development of allergic conditions because of a violation of digesting food taken.
The known method, adopted for the prototype, including fasting and cleansing treatments (Patent No. 2351303 IPC A61H 1/00, A61K 36/06). The duration of fasting is not less than 6 days, and the duration of the recovery period corresponds to the duration of fasting. Fasting is administered daily to 1.5-2 liters of fluid, perform breathing exercises, massage, physiotherapy, underwater shower-massage, medical baths, hydrotherapy, physiotherapy. Daily from 1st to 6th day of fasting and subsequent 6 days administered a decoction of herbs. Amid starvation hold tyubazh. On the 8th day after tyubazh triple enemas. On the 11th day of fasting is introduced 150 g of raisins in the water, which is pre-steamed to 1 Cup of boiling water and leave for 5 hours, when the patient 1 hour lying on the applicator, then for 30 min eats one teaspoon of raisins and takes a SIP of water, and so on until you eat all the raisins, and after that 1 hour is on the applicator. During the recovery period prescribed Solomonovo-vegetable diet.
The disadvantage of this method, as basically all of the known techniques is the use of GI�reconnatre and klezmania, what may cause the above problems.
The problem to be solved by the claimed invention is to provide a method for purification and recovery of the human body, providing in the treatment and starvation of an active lifestyle and no load on the gastrointestinal tract.
The technical result of the invention is in fact a way of life, a sense of a comfort in the period of fasting and reducing the recovery period after starvation, the lack of a feeling of hunger, cleansing the body without straining the digestive tract, reducing weight, improving the General condition of patients.
The claimed technical result is achieved in that a method of cleansing and healing the human body, including fasting and the recovery period, according to the invention fasting spend at least 5 days with 7-day program, and not less than 7 days during the 9-day program, the duration of the recovery period is two days, with 7-day and 9-day programs, meal, including bee products: "EPIGENOME 2", "CHINESE balm", "HEY PEE-WEE," "APIDOC", "Antigel phyto", "APIRANA" in the form of porridge, "a MILKSHAKE with chitosan and honey, as well as tea, black or green�tion with ginger; drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic, mint; a soothing tea; Apple-carrot juice, non-carbonated mineral water; vegetable soup; baked Apple, carried nine times every day both during fasting and in the recovery period, with the first meal consists of bee products "EPIGENOME 2" one teaspoon, "CHINESE balm" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" one teaspoon, "APIDOC" one teaspoon, "Antigel phyto one capsule is one teaspoon and sparkling mineral water one glass; the second method is a drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; the third technique - bee products "EPIGENOME 2" one teaspoon, "CHINESE balm" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" one teaspoon, "Antigel phyto" is one capsule, and sparkling mineral water one Cup; fourth reception - drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; a fifth receiving - black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; a sixth receiving - bee products "PYRANOL 2" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" one teaspoon, "Antigel phyto one capsule, one glass of non-carbonated mineral water; with�dimou meal black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and a glass of Apple-carrot juice; eighth reception - drink with ginger, one teaspoon honey, one Cup of Apple-carrot juice; ninth reception includes - soothing tea, which includes grass, peppermint, Valerian root,
Fennel seeds, cumin seeds, or fireweed leaves of strawberries and a glass of Apple-carrot juice, and in the recovery period in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th techniques the composition of the products remains the same as that in the process of starvation, but on the fifth admission - patients take tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and vegetable soup; seventh reception - tea with ginger, "a MILKSHAKE WITH CHITOSAN"; eighth reception - tea with ginger, honey, one teaspoon, porridge "APIRANA"; the ninth reception - baked Apple, a soothing tea, in addition, after meals, during fasting and recovery period, take procedures, namely, after: 1st meal-gymnastics "5 Tibetan pearls", 2nd - classes at the gym, procedures for pressure therapy, electrolipolysis and myostimulation, 3rd - physiotherapy exercises or aerobics, 4th - rest in the form of walks, a session of halotherapy combined with session relaxare, 5th course strip plastic, 6th - massage hand applique with a mixture of the peloid or hand massages with honey, 7 - adopt infrared sauna, shower, feats�nnu with herbs, honey, ginger, lemon juice, and after the 8th of taking a shower.
The claimed combination of features, namely the meal in the form of bee products in small doses (one teaspoon) and vegetable (Apple-carrot juice, tea, vegetable soup) almost every hour during the day, alternating meals with procedures is provided since the beginning of the program, the eliminate toxins, intense bowel movement in the strengthening of the outflow of bile from the gallbladder and also cleansing from parasites using anti-parasitic herbal medicinal product with the content of cloves.
Procedures after meals, exercise, massage, pressotherapy, lymphatic drainage is facilitated through the acceleration of blood and linfatico to eliminate toxins. Halotherapy salt room-inhalation of ionized air helps cleanse the lungs, as well as the reception of infrared sauna, shower, titouan with herbs, honey, ginger, lemon juice, pressure therapy, electrolipolysis and myostimulation. As a result, restored the metabolism in the body and recovery is through cleansing without discomfort, the load on the gastrointestinal tract, while promoting an active lifestyle in the process of purification and recovery by the proposed method. Cleansing the body is caused by a�m the influence of the products of their constituent components, which in this combination as in composition, so at the time of admission, with the active lifestyle increase the effect on the body.
Thus, the conduct of proceedings after eating small doses repeatedly ensures the absence of discomfort, the load on the digestive tract, allows you to maintain an active lifestyle and feel the lightness in the body and increases the tone of life, because there is no feeling of hunger.
In the product of beekeeping "EPIGENOME 2" components - natural honey, glucose, extract of vegetable raw materials (grass Salsola Collina, flowers of tansy, yarrow herb, the fruit of milk Thistle, calendula flowers, Helichrysum), pollen obnozhka, beeswax, propolis extract concentrated "PAGUS". The plant extracts included in the granules, has a mild choleretic and diuretic effect, increase the secretion of the pancreas and help cleanse the body. In combination with bee products, plant extracts are able to normalize the functioning of the biliary tract, liver and intestines.
Such multi-component product acts on the human body as a revitalizing and rejuvenating elixir thanks to the combination of bee products and herbal extracts. Honey enhances the protective and detoxifying function of the liver, i.e. its ability� to neutralize toxins and poisons. "EPIGENOME 2" has a mild choleretic, diuretic and pancreatectomy actions. The use of pills promotes the excretion of toxins from the body, and this leads to normalization of biochemical parameters and functions of the biliary system of the liver.
In the product "CHINESE balm include: propolis extract, phytocomponents (extracts of birch leaf, immortelle flowers, cinquefoil roots, herbs St. John's wort, horsetail herb, rose hips, Basil, the leaves of bearberry). A rich composition of plant collection in combination with bee products helps to normalize the process of excretion of excess water, salts and toxins, restores joint mobility and impaired metabolism, contributes to the preservation of active aging.
Part of the "HEY-PEE-WEE the aqueous extract of propolis" propolis is and purified water. This product has bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and regenerating action. Method of cooking "HEY PEE-WEE" protected by the patent for the invention №2185181.
"APIDOC". Consisting of: natural honey, Royal jelly, propolis extract. The combination of these products improves physical capacity, helps
cleansing of the body, normalizes the cardiovascular system, promotes the normalization of metabolism prophetic�society and strengthening immunity. Honey, Royal jelly and propolis have strong antioxidant and immunostimulating properties.
"Antigel phyto with cloves most bioactive complex helps the body in getting rid of various parasites that occasionally enter the body of each person. Improves the gastrointestinal tract, reduces the level of inflammation in chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, normalizes digestion. The composition of this product include: tansy flowers, carnation flowers, peppermint leaf, Senna leaf, secureii salicaria extract, Polygonum aviculare (knotweed) extract, silymarin (seed extract rasterops).
Ginger. Ginger is rich in the content of trace elements, vitamins "nervous" group - B1, B2, B12, A, C; and all essential amino acids and essential oils. Ginger stimulates digestion, has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, immune-stimulating and toning properties, helps to saturate the body with vitamins, regulation of metabolism and the burning of fat. An important property of ginger - the ability to cleanse the body of toxins and promote fat burning, which in turn leads to weight loss.
Apple-carrot juice contains all the necessary trace elements and vitamins. When consuming Apple-Mork�VNOM juice the body receives a large amount of vitamins and mineral substances and fats are not received, proteins, of which so many in the body. During the "starvation" method claimed digestive system a rest and therefore more blood flows to other organs. As a result, improves metabolism, leukocytes become more active helps strengthen the immune system. The brain, heart, liver, kidneys stop working and their work need energy and for that the body uses damaged cells, fat, toxins, bad cholesterol," everything that is not needed by the body, i.e. the process of autolyse, which also cleansing of the body occurs.
Halotherapy the method of halotherapy - the mechanism of the effect of aerosols salts on the human body. The effect of halotherapy in various diseases of the respiratory tract and the whole body can be used as a therapeutic-rehabilitative and preventive method. Decongestant, antibacterial and immunostimulating effects of haloarcula has beneficial effects on the mucosa of the upper digitalinput for a number of disorders of the body: allergic rhinitis, chronic pharyngitis, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, hypertension, hypotension, skin diseases, neurosis and depression.
Strip plastic - based training: provides for the heart with�cular system: maintains a good tone all the muscles which means that they will always be toned; develops self-confidence; forms a plastic, beautiful posture, flying steps, graceful movements, a woman learns to better control your body, in addition, optimal from the point of view that it involves many muscles of the legs, arms, buttocks, back. It's a pretty intense load, which inevitably leads to lower total body weight and trained muscles. These classes allow you to not only get rid of physical disabilities, but also from a psychological one.
Massage by hand is carried out by application of an application with a mixture of peloid - mud, applications with the use of peloid help return the skin's elasticity, enhance the elimination of toxins, stimulate cell metabolism. The mixture includes honey, lemon juice, pelloid, herbs and ginger. The composition of the mixture is chosen so that all the ingredients enhance the beneficial effects of each other. The mixture peloid also acts on nerve endings in the skin. And this in turn has a positive reflex effect on many organs and systems of rights, including the function of the endocrine glands and causes increased metabolism, which leads to a decrease in the volume of the body during participation in the program and in the further elimination of cellulite. To prepare the mixture, take the "Axis�baselski peloid with bee venom". In our case, it matched the composition of the mixture that all the ingredients enhance the beneficial effects of each other. The use of "Osinovogorskoe peloid with bee venom allowed the Russian scientific center for restorative medicine and balneology (Moscow, the Russian Federation Ministry of health, Spa conclusion no 14/321 from part on 20.05.2003).
"Cocktail milk with chitosan". Contains chitosan, whey, nondairy creamer. Chitosan is a natural low molecular weight chitosan is extracted from chitin covering of bees. Chitosan is a powerful adsorbent, blocks the absorption of cholesterol. The cocktail has anti-toxic, anti-allergic, imunomoduliruyuschee, antioxidant and regenerating effect.
"APIRANA" (patent No. 2302126). It consists of flower pollen (obnozhka), roasted and milled cereal grain crop. As a cereal grain kulturhistoria barley, rye, oat, buckwheat or a combination of both. This product is enriched with vitamins and essential amino acids, is a complete balance of nutrients, energy value and at the same time is a very hearty dish and a small amount sufficient to stave off hunger, which is important when the output from hunger, because the size of the stomach is reduced.
The inventive method is as follows.
Palentina program for a duration of seven or nine days come with the results of the ultrasound of the liver, gallbladder, kidneys and bladder, urinalysis, and blood biochemistry. Each day begins with the examination of the patient by the doctor.
On the first day, the doctor conducts a detailed survey of complaints, inspection, measurements of blood pressure, waist size, girth of forearm, thigh circumference, body weight, and views the results of the ultrasound tests. In the following days the doctor also conducts a survey of the condition of the patient and makes measurements.
The period of fasting takes place within five days if the duration of the program seven days, and if the duration of the program nine days to seven days.
Patients are offered a morning meal (1 meal), which includes one glass of sparkling mineral water and one teaspoon of bee products "EPIGENOME 2", "CHINESE balm ", "HEY PEE-WEE," "APIDOC", "Antigel phyto one capsule.
After the first meal with patients conduct exercises - 5 "Tibetan pearls" [Kilham Christopher. Five Tibetan pearls: Contemporary practice of the Five Tibetan Rites / 2-e Izd. Advanced. Transl. Angl. - M.: OOO "Publishing house "Sofia", 2012 p. 93]. Five Tibetan Pearls help to maintain the body in a state of healthy vitality, promote flexibility, balance, metabolism, energy, stamina and endurance. Performing these dynamic exercises for ω�the suggestions better health, mastering the energy system of the body and strengthening personal power, patients take the first Breakfast, i.e. 2nd meal.
The first Breakfast (2nd meal) includes one glass of the drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic, mint; a teaspoon of honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice.
After the 2nd meal classes at the gym, procedures for pressure therapy, electrolites and myostimulation, which take place within the hour.After training on simulators patients served 3rd meal, i.e. after the first Breakfast, which includes one glass of sparkling mineral water, a teaspoon of bee products: "PYRANOL 2", "CHINESE balm ", "HEY PEE-WEE," "Antigel phyto one capsule.
Then undergo physiotherapy exercises or aerobics. After class, gymnastics or aerobics patients take 4th meal (lunch). Brunch includes a drink from ginger, lemon juice, garlic, mint; a teaspoon of honey, a glass of Apple-carrot juice. Patients are provided with a relaxing walk, for example in the forest. Coming from a walk, patients undergo a session of halotherapy, combined with the session relaxare.
After the procedure of halotherapy with relaxarea patients are offered a 5th meal (lunch), which includes - black or green tea with ginger, tea�th spoon of honey, and a glass of Apple-carrot juice.
After lunch the instructor with patients, it is the policy of strip-plastics. At the end of these sessions, patients are offered a 6th meal (first meal after lunch) - one glass of sparkling mineral water, a teaspoon of bee products "PYRANOL 2", "HEY PEE-WEE," "Antigel phyto one capsule.
Next, provide two kinds of manual massage with applique with a mixture of the peloid, which alternates with manual honey massage, anti - cellulite.
Massage hand applique with a mixture of the peloid with 7-day program, conducted at 1, 3 ,5 ,7 days; with the 9-day program is 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 days.
Hand massage with honey - anti-cellulite performed at 7-day program, 2, 4, 6 days; during 9-day program, 2, 4, 6, 8 days.
The massage ends with rubbing cream Tentorium. Cream Tentorium protected by the patent for the invention №2163118 (Patented the name "massage Cream").
Then patients take 7th meal (second meal after lunch): black or green tea with ginger, a teaspoon of honey and a glass of Apple-carrot juice.
After the 7th meal patients take an infrared sauna, a shower and vitulano with herbs, honey, ginger and lemon juice. After these procedures, and a little rest and patients take dinner (8th). For dinner pats�accept patients under stood black or green tea with ginger, a teaspoon of honey, a glass of Apple-carrot juice.
At the end of the day - shower and 9th meal (late dinner), which includes a soothing tea and a glass of Apple-carrot juice. The composition of soothing tea consists of the herb peppermint, Valerian root, Fennel seeds, cumin seeds, or fireweed wild strawberry leaves.
In the recovery period, after fasting for 6 th, 7 th day, 7 day and on the 8 th and 9 th days when the 9-day programs, procedures remain the same as in the process of fasting, but the power changes.
In the recovery period at 1-St, 2-nd, 3-rd, 4-th and 6-th reception of products remains the same as that in the process of fasting.
On the 5th intake of patients receive black or green tea with ginger, a teaspoon of honey and vegetable soup.
On the 7th reception - black or green tea with ginger, "a milkshake with chitosan".
On the 8th reception - black or green tea with ginger, a teaspoon of honey, porridge "APITAMY".
9th meal (late dinner) includes a baked Apple and a soothing tea. Baked Apple contains fruit acid and pectin, which are easy to digest and to absorb the wastes from the intestine.
As you can see, almost every hour, during the internship programme, is a meal consisting of bee products in small doses, still mineral water, juice, and between Priya�AMI food are gymnastics, classes at the gym, halotherapy, relaxare, aerobics, dancing, massage hand applique with a mixture of the peloid, alternates with manual massage with honey, Infrakrasnye sauna, shower, piovana with herbs, honey, ginger, lemon juice, rest.
Example 1. Patient H. N. W. the age of 60. Biochemical analysis of blood 01.02.2008 G. showed the value of total cholesterol of 8.5 mmol/l (normal is 3.4-5.2 mmol/l), therefore, appointed for life to take the drug "Crestor" 10 mg.
Upon delivery of the biochemical analysis of blood 22.10.2009, the value of total cholesterol was 7.1 mmol/L.
The patient started taking the cleansing program of the proposed method with 04.01.2010 on 05.02.2013 for this period was passed 6 courses in the program. As a result of biochemical blood analysis showed:
As can be seen, the value of cholesterol it to the minimum value of the norm of cholesterol after passing the third year of the program.
Example 2. Patient K. S. I. 1967. Age 46 years. Complaints of inflammation of the skin on hands: dryness cracks; the feeling of excess weight, sagging skin, drowsiness, fatigue, anemia. After completing the program within seven days improved muscle tone and skin turgor. The cracks are on the hands was delayed, decreased skin dryness, was not the feeling of weakness, improved concentration.p> For the duration of their program in seven days decreased: weight 2.2 kg; waist circumference 8 cm; thigh circumference 5 cm; the circumference of the forearm - 3 cm. the Results are presented in the table.
Example 3. The patient (M. G. A.) in 1962. Age 51 years. Complaints of pain in the ankle joints, sleep brings no rest, frequent waking, high cholesterol - 7,11 mol/L. After the program for 7 days demonstrated improvements in the quality of sleep, decreased joint pain, cholesterol a month after the program fell to 6.4 mol/l, of drugs to reduce cholesterol had not. Comply with these recommendations after the program.
Within seven days of passing of the program decreased: weight 5.8 kg; waist circumference 17 cm; thigh circumference 6 cm; the circumference of the forearm - 4, see the Results presented in the table.
Example 4. Patient P. G. V. born in 1949. Age 64 years.
The patient has not previously passed inspection and was not aware that her cholesterol is higher than normal. Medication to reduce cholesterol has not met. After the first time of passing of the program within seven dracoblue these recommendations, and the cholesterol content decreased. Previously disturbed fatigue, insomnia, low�I performance. With the passage of the program, the patient noted improvement in General health and increase efficiency, quickly began to fall asleep. For seven days decreased: weight 2.9 kg; waist circumference 2.9 cm; thigh circumference - 4 cm; the circumference of the forearm remained at the initial level. The results are presented in the table.
Example 5. Patient K. T. A. the Age of 66 years. Complaints about excess weight, increases in pressure, fatigue, pain in the joints. After the program for a duration of seven days, the weight decreased by 2.9 kg, waist circumference 1 cm, thigh circumference 4 cm, the circumference of the forearm at 1 see Notes improving joint mobility, and overall well-being during the passage of the program of increase of pressure was observed. The results are presented in the table.
Example 6. Patient F. N. And. Age 52 years. Complaint: excess weight, fatigue, a low efficiency, swelling, frequent colds. After the program lasted nine days there was a state of ease, dropped the weight by 3.5 kg, waist circumference decreased by 20 cm, hips 5 cm, circumference of forearm 6 cm swelling Went down. Function better the kidneys and intestines, clean the skin, retreated "sinusitis". The results are presented in the table.
Example 7. Patient S. T. V. Age 53 years. Complaints about excess weight, constipation, b�whether in joints, fatigue, skin rash. 9 days of passing of the program weight decreased by 3.1 kg, waist circumference decreased by 14 cm, circumference of thighs by 3 cm and forearm 1 cm Appeared ease the joints become more mobile and marked waist. The results are presented in the table.
Thus, when conducting an active lifestyle for 7 or 9 days the body is cleansed and healthier, without enemas, the load on the digestive tract, without discomfort. During the program the body easily digestible food takes 9 times every day.
The result is a powerful cleansing the body of toxins due to diuretic, choleretic and laxative effect due to the intake of teas, "Antigel phyto" or pinks, sparkling mineral water, procedures, halotherapy. There is no feeling full of hunger - the patient takes Apple-carrot juice, bee products - CHINESE", "APIDOC", "HEY PEE-WEE," "EPIGENOME-2", "APIRANA", "Milkshake with chitosan", as a result, the body does not experience the stress of hunger and in the body's cells no accumulation "in proc."
Physical activity is therapeutic exercise, gymnastics 5 Tibetan pearls, aerobics: procedures - pressue�Apia, electrolipolysis, muscle toning and lymphatic drainage to improve the condition of muscles, internal organs and skin by improving circulation and lymph flow. And this also contributes to a more intensive removal of toxins and impurities.
Bodies such as the brain, heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen, they do not cease to exist in contrast to the digestive tract and require additional energy, which is compensated by processes of autolyse, i.e. these bodies for additional power are starting to use bad cholesterol, the damaged cells and fat. In the end, due to autolyse is also healing and cleansing the body and restores the metabolism.
After the program claimed method is an improvement of the General condition of patients and continues loss extra pounds and volumes by restoring the metabolism and stimulate private compensatory forces of the body,so that when using the proposed method starts a series of processes of recovery.
Industrial applicability of the claimed method is not difficult. All procedures are performed in health centers equipped with the necessary equipment that is available commercially. Manufacturers used bee products is OOO "Tentorium" and JSC "Faberlic".
Spacemachine and healing the human body, including fasting and the recovery period, characterized in that the fasting spend at least 5 days with 7-day program, and not less than 7 days during the 9-day program, the duration of the recovery period is two days, with 7-day and 9-day program, meals that include bee products: "EPIGENOME 2", "CHINESE balm", "HEY PEE-WEE," "APIDOC", "Antigel phyto", "APIRANA" in the form of porridge, "A MILKSHAKE with chitosan and honey, as well as black or green tea with ginger; drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic, mint; a soothing tea; Apple-carrot juice, non-carbonated water; vegetable soup; baked Apple, carried nine times every day both during fasting and in the recovery period, with the first meal consists of: bee products "EPIGENOME 2" one teaspoon, "CHINESE balm" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" one teaspoon, "APIDOC" one teaspoon, "Antigel phyto one capsule and sparkling mineral water one Cup; second meal - drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; the third meal - bee products "EPIGENOME 2" one teaspoon, "CHINESE balm" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" tachina spoon, "Antigel phyto one capsule and sparkling mineral water one Cup; fourth meal - drink with ginger, lemon juice, garlic and mint, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; fifth meal - black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and one glass of Apple-carrot juice; the sixth meal - bee products "PYRANOL 2" one teaspoon, "HEY PEE-WEE" one teaspoon, "Antigel phyto one capsule, one glass of non-carbonated mineral water; seventh meal - black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and a glass of Apple-carrot juice; eighth meal - black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey, one Cup of Apple-carrot juice; ninth reception includes - soothing tea, which includes grass, peppermint, Valerian root, Fennel seeds, cumin seeds, or fireweed leaves of strawberries and a glass of Apple-carrot juice, and in the recovery period in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th meals composition of the products remains the same as that in the process of starvation, but on the fifth admission - patients take black or green tea with ginger, one teaspoon honey and vegetable soup; seventh meal - black or green tea with ginger, "a MILKSHAKE WITH CHITOSAN"; eighth meal - black or green tea with ginger, honey, one tsp�I spoon, porridge "APIRANA"; the ninth meal - a baked Apple, a soothing tea, in addition, after each meal during the fasting and recovery period, take procedures, namely, after: 1st meal-gymnastics - "5 Tibetan pearls", 2nd - classes at the gym, procedures for pressure therapy, electrolipolysis and myostimulation, 3rd - physiotherapy exercises or aerobics, 4th - rest in the form of walks, a session of halotherapy, combined with the session relaxare, 5th course strip plastic, 6th - massage hand applique with a mixture of the peloid or hand massages with honey, 7 - adopt infrared sauna, shower, vitulano with herbs, honey, ginger, lemon juice and after the 8th of taking a shower.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to biotechnology, specifically to a fused protein containing a variant of rodostomin, and can be used in medicine. An ανβ3 integrin selective polypeptide consisting of an amino acid sequence SEQ ID NO:1 conjugated on the N terminal by a linker amino acid sequence containing a combination of the amino acids glycine and serine with a variant of a human serum albumin (HSA) with SEQ ID NO:4.
EFFECT: invention enables the higher therapeutic effectiveness in the diseases related to ανβ3 integrin.
12 cl, 14 dwg, 2 tbl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and can be used for the correction of the individual's functional state and performance. That is ensured by administering Semax neuroactive peptide in a dose of two drops in each nasal passage. That is followed by the electric current exposure covering a frontal-mastoid region at pulse length 0.2ms, current intensity 0.8mA and pulse train 800Hz for 40 min. The exposure is combined with at least 10 sessions of hyperbaric oxygenation at pressure 1.6 atm.
EFFECT: method provides the rapid and effective increase of performance in sportsmen, military men and individuals involved in the other professions related to significant physical and mental stress by improving the functions of various regions of brain cortex as a result of the selected complex exposure enabling the substantial vasodilatation and maximum tissue oxygenation.
SUBSTANCE: using a compound representing a bicyclic pyrimidine derivative as Hrf2 transcription factor activators.
EFFECT: compounds of general formula can be used preventively to increase body defences before operations with toxic chemicals and high radiation doses.
3 cl, 7 tbl, 11 ex, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to methods for cell and tissue protection against a hypoxic injury and can be used for developing remedies for hypoxic and ischemic injuries. The developed method for protection is based on cell treatment by substances increasing a level of glutathionylation of Na,K-adenosine triphosphatase catalytic subunit that reduces to its activation. The obtained results can be actual for biological research institutions, medical facilities, particularly cardiologic clinics, as well as biotechnological companies for transplantology and tissue engineering.
EFFECT: presented method can be used for research activities aiming at creating the therapeutic agents for relieving tissue injuries, particularly myocardial tissue in hypoxia and hypoxia/reoxygenation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sports medicine and pharmacology, and can be used to increase the overall physical performance of athletes of speed and power sports. To do this, the dietary supplement "Epsorin" is added daily twice a day. At that during the stage of physical training "Epsorin" is taken in for two weeks 30-40 minutes prior to start of the exercise-training process as 10-15 drops per a glass of water; during the period of special physical training it is taken for 10 days 30-40 minutes prior to start of the exercise-training process as 10-15 drops per a glass of water; during the transition period it is taken for 3-5 days 30-40 minutes prior to the training as 5-7 drops per a glass of water; on the day of competitions the dose is increased to 20-30 drops per a glass of water.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the overall physical performance and endurance of athletes due to activation of metabolism and antioxidant systems of the body.
SUBSTANCE: as an ingredient of drinking water or beverage, water containing 1H16OD isotopologue in an amount from 0.0002 to 0.0278 molecular %. The invention provides higher individual's body resistance to the flight factors, such as: height gain, cabin and compartment noise increase, vibration, rolling, humidity disposal, time zone change.
EFFECT: higher resistance of the mammalian body to the effect of the flight factors on an aircraft.
2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to experimental medicine, and can be used for general controlled hyperthermia. That is ensured by the general warm-up of an experimental animal's body with the preliminary intraperitoneal administration of an animal toxin. The intraperitoneal administration of the animal toxin is preceded by administering protamine sulphate in a dose of 10mg/kg; the animal toxin is bee poison 2.5mg/kg, or cobra poison 0.5mg/kg, or carpet viper poison 1.5mg/kg, or copperhead snake poison 2mg/kg, or scorpion poison 1mg/kg, or lebetina viper poison 2mg/kg.
EFFECT: invention provides the higher survival rate of the animals, particularly 24 hours later, with the low negative effect of the administered animal toxin on the animal's body.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: conventional integrated therapy involving anti-tussive medications and drugs restoring the bronchopulmonary patency accompanies administering an oral complex immunoglobulin preparation 1 dose of protein 300mg once or twice a day for 5-7 days.
EFFECT: method enables fastening recovery with reducing a rate of complications and improving the clinical outcome.
4 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for the nutritive correction of the morphofunctional state of sportsmen at the stages of a training and competitive cycle (TCC). That is ensured by supplying the basic food intake with multi-component natural concentrated food substances (NCFSs) rich in biologically active substances (BASs) of herbal (HNCFSs) and/or protein and herbal (PHNCFSs) with consideration for solving the problems of the nutritional support in sportsmen of various sports according to the peculiarities of their professional athletic performance at the specific stages of the TCC.
EFFECT: preventing the developing prenosological and pathological states in the sportsman, achieving the high performance and stably high sports results.
2 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining product for improvement of regeneration and/or proliferation of cells by processing alga Laminaria Angustata, water-isobutanol extract of alga Laminaria Angustata is obtained, supernatant is taken, centrifuged, supernatant is re-taken and subjected to vacuum drying, after which obtained powder is diluted with water and obtained solution is re-centrifuged with further re-taking of supernatant, which is subjected to ultrafiltration, with separation of fraction with molecular weight 5-10 kDa from ultrafiltrate. Product for improvement of regeneration and/or proliferation of cells. Medication for improvement of regeneration and/or proliferation of cells.
EFFECT: improvement of regeneration and proliferation of cells.
4 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: electric cardiac pacemaker comprises a microprocessor control unit, three digital-to-analogue converters, an output of the first converter is connected to the first input of a multi-channel analogue switch, an output of the second converter is connected to its input and through an inverter to the third converter. An output of the third converter is connected to a control input of a controlled resistor coupled to a feedback circuit of an adder amplifier. Three inputs of the adder amplifier are connected to outputs of the multi-channel switch and its output is connected to the input of a power amplifier. An output of the adder amplifier is connected to operating electrodes. Control inputs of digital-to-analogue converters and analogue switches are connected to bus bars of the microprocessor control unit. In the electric cardiac pacemaker there are three additionally introduced counters/timers connected through control bas bars to the microprocessor control unit. Inverting inputs of the two first counters/timers are connected through the amplifier and galvanic isolation circuit to a heart beat sensor. An inverting input of the third counter/timer is connected to a system clock source of the microprocessor control unit.
EFFECT: usage of the invention allows an improvement in efficiency of electric stimulation due to synchronised switching of the main operation modes with the heart beat of a patient.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to traumatology and orthopaedics, and can be used for treating proximal humeral injuries. That is ensured by three-staged complex therapeutic actions. At the first stage, setting of fracture and reduction of humeral head dislocation is followed by immobilising an extremity by continuous twenty-four hour brace fixation of the proximal humerus with Desault's bandage for the period of 4 weeks. From the first therapeutic day, the patient does daily 30-minute therapeutic exercises, including isometric, static and ideomotor exercises to strengthen his/her arm muscles and to improve the circulation. That is combined with a complex reparative drug therapy. At the first stage, the anti-inflammatory preparation Arthrofoon is administered orally, while vasodilators improving nicotinic acid, trental or complamin microcirculation are injected intramuscularly daily for 10 days. The enzymatic preparations Wobenzyme or Flogenzyme are also administered in a dose of 3 tablets three times a day for 3-4 weeks. The second stage starting two weeks after the beginning of the treatment involves electric stimulation (ES) by exposing the collar and shoulder muscles from the involved side for 30 minutes to electric signals generated by an electric myostimulation device. The ES procedure requires the patient to perform 15-minute active motions by a healthy arm, and for the following 15 minutes the patient is expected to tense and relax alternatively the muscles from involved side. The therapeutic exercises are also done. The drug treatment regimen of the second stage implies administering the preparations Calcemin or Calcemin Advance for six months. That is combined with 10 daily intramuscular injections of the preparation Milgamma 2 ml. At the third stage 4 weeks after the beginning of the treatment, control X-ray imaging is followed by removing the brace. Accompanied by the reparative drug therapy continued, the complex therapeutic actions provide local injection therapy in number of 8-10 daily procedures. The biologically active reflex areas nearby the involved joint are pre-exposed to focused red laser light, and the mixed preparations Alflutop, or other chondroprotector, vitamin B12, Contrykal or Lidase, Lidocaine are injected in the same areas. Two weeks after the brace has been taken off, the patient keeps doing the therapeutic exercises twice a week continuously. The drug therapy and local injections are repeated six months later. The brace is further required for the following year if the patient is supposed to bear occupational or sports physical loads.
EFFECT: method provides faster recovery of the extremity functionality, prevents posttraumatic degenerative process in the humeral joint, recurred dislocation formation, humeral instability and contractures by optimising the humeral para-articular tissue health, improving the quality of bone tissues, first of all, of the subchondral plate and humeral head.
2 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: surgical operation is preceded by administering antibacterial agents and electrical stimulation (ES) in a projection of an inferior dental foramen and a mental foramen. The electrical stimulation is ensured by Myovolna apparatus at voltage amplitude 20-30 V, current frequency 4-7 Hz, length 10 minutes in number of 10 daily procedures. That is followed by surgical removal of the filling material from the inferior dental canal. The surgical intervention is followed by administering antibacterial, immunocorrective, desensitising agents. That is combined with daily projection 10-minute exposure of an operated segment of the inferior dental canal to laser light generated by scanning laser emitter of Intradont apparatus for 12 days. The exposure is characterised by sequential scanning mode at frequency 10 Hz increased to 60 Hz for the last 2 days, at pulse laser light power 20Wt increased to 40 Wt for the last 2 days in the stochastic scanning mode.
EFFECT: method provides pain syndrome and numbness reduction of the involved skin regions in the preoperative period and optimises actions aiming at postoperative blood circulation recovery in the inferior alveolar system outpatiently, as well as reducing time of rehabilitation and recovery of the patients.
FIELD: veterinary medicine.
SUBSTANCE: upon detection of an increased level of activity of the horse a therapeutic signal is generated to enforce at least one muscle involved in the shift of the laryngeal anatomical structure with respect to the upper airway of the horse. The therapeutic signal is given to the upper airways tissue for maintaining unobstructed airflow. At that the pacemaker is used in the form of a processor made with the ability to generate the therapeutic signal based on the said detected increased level of activity to enforce the muscle involved in the shift of laryngeal anatomical structure with respect to the upper airway of the horse.
EFFECT: invention enables to improve the efficiency of treatment which is achieved by the stimulation of the upper airway muscles synchronously with the periods of the respiratory cycles of the horse and by functioning of the stimulating system only during an increased physical activity.
20 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to traumatology and orthopaedics, and can be used for treating patients with epicondylitis. That is ensured by applying a complex of measures, in particular a restraint of motions in the involved segment, physiotherapy and drug treatment. A pain syndrome is pre-evaluated by a visual analogue scale (VAS). A proximal forearm is immobilised with an epicondylic bandage in the daytime for 7-10 days in sportsmen, and for 2-3 weeks in common patients. Therapeutic exercises (TE) are prescribed from the first day of treatment. The first part of TE consisting of isometric and static exercises aiming at strengthening arm muscles is done before noon. The second part of TE comprising relaxing exercises is performed in the late afternoon or after any physical loads. The patient continues with the therapeutic exercises after the bandage is removed and to be used for professional or sports loads only. Electric stimulation is conducted daily for 7-10 days with using TENS apparatus or its analogues generating electrical signals covering the enthesis and the involved forearm muscles. Arthrofoon is administered with underlying electric stimulation. If the pain syndrome value according to the VAS is less than 4 points, the preparation is administered as a monotherapy in a dose of 4 weeks a day for three months. If the pain syndrome according to the VAS is more than 4 points, Arthrofoon is administered in a dose of 8 tablets a day in a combination with a selective non-steroid anti-inflammatory preparation in a therapeutic dose for no more than 10 days. The therapeutic regimen also contains Sirdalud 2-4 mg one hour before bedtime for 2 weeks. There are also administered vasodilators improving microcirculation of the involved segment, intramuscularly for 10 days. The therapeutic complex is also added with Milgamma B 2 ml, 5 injections, and another 5 injections triduan. Wobenzyme is administered for 3-4 weeks. Calcemine or Calcemine-advance, the preparations of calcium are administered for six months. The therapeutic course according to the presented regimen is repeated half a year later. The physical exercising for the arm muscles strengthening are to be further done two or three times a week on the average for min. 30 minutes for the life term if suffering high loads or doing any top-class sports for the purpose of maintaining the forearm tonus. The segment of interest is fixed with an orthesis when suffering a load. The therapy with the TENS or similar apparatus of the forearm muscles of interest and the enthesis follow a pronounced load 2-3 hours before bedtime and shall be accompanied with a session of relaxing exercises.
EFFECT: method provides the evident and stable clinical effect characterised by the complete recurrence-free recovery by the physical restoration of the tissue structure within the inflammation with the high quality of life and a surgical intervention avoided.
1 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to external cardiac pacing devices. A cardiac pacemaker comprises input and output electrodes mounted by cross cables to a body with in-built bioelectric-potential amplifiers and a stimulation pulse generator, a control unit integrated into the body and connected to the stimulation pulse generator, control devices and the bioelectric-potential amplifiers. A power supply unit is connected to the cardiac pacemaker assemblies and separately uses each of them to form a number of operative voltages. A wireless device provides a wireless connection of the control unit with a computer and a printer. A charging unit is connected to external and internal power supplies. The control unit is connected to a data supplier, an operation lamp and an impedance meter connected to the stimulation pulse generator and enabling using the device as an intraoperative test gauge. The body is provided with separation mount holes for cross cables used to connect the input electrodes connected to read ECG signals, and the output electrodes, including the electrodes connected to perform an electrophysiological study, and the electrodes connected to perform endocardial stimulation, and the electrodes connected to perform percutaneous stimulation.
EFFECT: providing various cardiac stimulation modes.
8 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine. A device contains positive and negative electrodes, a power source and control means. The electrodes are installed or printed on a petal. The power source and the control means are located in a mould depression. The power source is connected to the electrodes by a conductive track. The conductive track of the positive electrode is separated from the negative electrode by an insulating strip. Insulating tracks are located on the petal edge. The method is realised with the application of the said device. In the process of its realisation stimulating electric impacts, sufficient to cause isometric muscle contraction, are supplied.
EFFECT: group of inventions increases the efficiency of a stimulating impact due to the prevention of electric current leakage and proportional increase of the blood flow in tissues.
7 cl, 2 tbl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to therapeutic devices for application in transcranial electrostimulation by the application of a respective electric impulse to ears simultaneously with playing music, which the patient hears. The device contains a generator of transcranial electrostimulation impulses, a generator of the sound signal, a control unit, a pair of audioearphones. The generator of transcranial electrostimulation impulses is made with a possibility of creating an electric impulse, which has such a frequency and duration as to provide the required microcurrent through the head. The control unit is made in the form of a microprocessor, controlling data of the electrostimulation impulse generator and the generator of the sound signal. Each audioearphone contains an electrode, transmitting electric current, for the application of the said impulses, produced by the impulse generator, into the area of the patient's ear. Each of the audioearphones and the respective electrode are combined into an electrode device, with the electrode of each electrode device being located on an external surface of the respective audioearphone, suitable for installation in an orifice of the auditory canal of the ear or inside it. The electrode of each electrode device has an area of electric contact for functional transmission of electric energy between the electrode and the patient's skin with the installed electrode device. The electrode devices are made with a possibility of installation in the orifice of the auditory canal of the respective ear of the said patient.
EFFECT: application of the invention increases convenience of carrying out electrostimulation and simplifies installation of the equipment on a patient.
6 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: 12 postoperative days involve electric stimulation of a surgical suture region. For this purpose, an independent electrical stimulator is placed under the abdominal skin. The electric stimulation is performed with the use of platinum electrodes. A patient is exposed to rectangular electric pulses of the length of 6 ms formed as trains of 16 pulses. The pulse repetition period is 24 ms, the train repetition period and an alternative mark inversion is each 3 seconds, and current amplitude is 0.1 mA.
EFFECT: method provides faster repair processes and remodelling phase transformation of the maturing connective tissue within the surgical suture.
SUBSTANCE: method involves retrobulbar administration of dexamethasone, intramuscular administration of cerebrolysin and proserine, intravenous administration of nootropil. The preparations are introduced for 10 days. Administration further is followed by a percutaneous transcranial pulse magnetic stimulation and an electric stimulation of the optic nerve once a day for 10 days. The magnetic stimulation is performed at the magnetic field strength 2 T, modulation frequency 1 Hz. The exposure covers four points in the projection of the optical nerve sequentially: eyes, temporal region, postaural region, inion - for 5 minutes on each point. The electric stimulation represents the exposure to negative train pulses a frequency of which is equal to a patient's pulse rate at an electrical characteristic not less than 10-15 mC per one session.
EFFECT: method prolongs the remission of optical neuritis in the patients suffering multiple sclerosis.
2 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to psychology and is intended for the diagnostics of psychological characteristics of an individual. A set of images with characters is shown to a tested person. As the set of images the tested person is shown 40 images with different characters and situations, distributed into four spheres: family; intimate and sexual sphere; professional sphere; sphere of interpersonal relationships and leisure. Then the tested person is proposed to look at the images and select two of the images, which attract him/her or correspond to hi/her reality situation to the greater degree, and two images, which are unpleasant or do not correspond to his/her reality situations from each sphere. Each image has a corresponding number and a sign, which are determined; the selected numbers are fixed with the signs in respective cells in a form. Then the code number of an archetype and its sign are determined, with the sign corresponding to a positive or negative psychological characteristic of the archetype. Each selected archetype is evaluated as 1 point, after which the frequency of selection by the tested person of the archetypes is counted and computer processing of the data is carried out. Results of processing are used to create a picture of the psychological personality profile.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase the efficiency and objectivity of integral evaluation of the psychological personality profile due to determination, suitable for each individual, of archetype images in different spheres of the life activity.
2 cl, 6 dwg, 10 tbl, 1 ex