SUBSTANCE: drainage system comprises a collector 1 connected with the drains 2 entering into it, vertical tubes 3 and a device for flushing of sediments. The device for flushing is made of perforated pipes 4 in the form of air outlets 7 arranged inside the drains 2 attached to the upper part of the pipes above the bottom. The perforated pipe 4 by the metal barrel 6, placed in the tube 3 is connected to the pressure hose 8, which inlet is connected to the discharge pipe 9 with the valve 10 of the receiver 11. The receiver 11 is connected to the compressor 12 generating the compressed air. The compressor 12 is connected to the timing relay. The invention increases the transporting capacity of disturbance sediments and other compounds in the drain cavity and accelerates their removal into the open channel 17.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of flushing and increased drainage term by air exposure to sediments.
2 cl, 2 dwg
The invention relates to the field of land reclamation and can be used for flushing of sediment in subsurface drainage systems.
Known reclamation system, equipped promino-vakuumiruemye nozzles installed in the interface nodes drains with pressure distribution pipelines is directly behind the non-return valves, wherein the lower end of each pipe communicated with distribution piping and drains, and the top displayed on the surface of the earth and provided with an airtight lid (Patent RU 2022098, CL E02B 11/00, 1994).
The disadvantage of this system is that after the end of each irrigation water is useless is discharged outside the array of reclaimed, the flushing process is slow, as the rate of flow from the pipeline is insufficient to intensive erosion of the sediment. In addition, the system requires the length of the pipeline numerous pockets-traps for the deposition of large sediment that increases the cost of construction of such a system, it causes considerable local resistance to the movement of water along the pipeline and at the end of the rate of flow of water can be reduced below the calculated, resulting in the transport capacity of the drainage effluent from drains is sharply reduced. Another disadvantage is that the area of application, for example, under pressure from the flexible hose Ogre�Nicene point the way on a short section of pipe, without affecting the entire length of the pipe to the mouth, where the prism sediment deposits increases significantly.
Also known drainage system that includes a collector connected to the drains emptying into it, and observation wells in the ground connection of drains with the sewers drains and the sources are established connections with ferromagnitnymi plugs and attached flexible filaments arranged in the cavity drains and collector, with drains connected to the manifold through the nozzles (Patent BY 8089, CL E02B 11/00, 2004).
The disadvantage of this system is the low reliability and durability of flexible strands, as, although they should have sufficient strength in the groundwater environment, however, their frequent pulling requires special skills and manual effort on both sides, large towing loads on the thread, its abrasion when working with sediment. In addition, it requires frequent visual observation or application of additional costs for determining the blockage of drains, which also raises the cost of the whole system, especially when there is a great length and the number of drains and a large enough number of them to the array. In this case, the lifetime is also reduced due to the increasing tensile stresses in the material of the filaments by each hand pulling the seals of sediment due mnogokrat�th pulling thread. In addition, there are complex and complicated and require large water heads, which leads to disruption of drainage pipe joints.
Another disadvantage is that over time the bandwidth drains can dramatically decrease. The reason is the formation on the inner surface of pipes of various deposits, the formation of which is due to the continued absence of drain cleaning. All this increases the hydraulic resistance of 2 times or more (operating under long-term) and cause excessive head losses.
The object of the invention is to increase the efficiency of cleaning and extend drainage by exposure to air on deposits.
This object is achieved in that the drain system including a collector connected to the empty drains, pipes and ushing of sediment, the flushing device is made perforated tubing in the form of vents, drains placed inside, fixed to the top of the pipe above the bottom, with the initial portion of the allotment in the form of a metal stem placed in the pipe and connected to a source of compressed air supplied short-compressor connected to the relay, wherein the duct is coupled with the receiver through a pressure hose.
Cu�IU, perforated tube along the entire length of drains is made of smaller diameter relative to the inner diameter of the drains.
This embodiment of the drainage system allows for comparison with the prototype to automate the process of protection of drain pipes by flushing the cavity from sediment and other impurities deposited on the walls of pipes, blurring across the length and the cross section of flow of the compressed air discharged through the perforated openings of the tubes connected to the compressor after a specified period of time. This interval is set by the operating conditions. The destruction of the sediments, expressed by the length of the pipe, team relay time is short compressor accumulated compressed air in the receiver for admission of air along the entire length of the perforated tube and entering it into the drains, where the air is mixed with water, causing the wave phenomena along the length of the drains, and increasing the speed of movement of suspended particles, and also due to the fact that these deposits still pretty loose, fragile and grip them with the walls of drainage pipes slightly. Reduces the flushing of sediments and different impurities. The inner walls of the tubing are washed and filled with an elastic medium is air, which is mixed with water. A jet of air out of the holes of the perforated tube with the most advanced technology� pressure (speed) and continue to erode as sediment, and wash the inside wall of the pipe drains, sediments are removed by significantly increasing the speed of water movement throughout the length of the drains to the sewer, next, in the open channel. The ability of compressed air does not allow the particles to settle to the bottom and along the length of the pipeline to a large extent. Compressed air from the compressor is supplied from the duct and further to perforated tubes attached to the upper part of the cavity of the pipe (arch pipe drains), i.e. above the bottom, which allows not only to wash the cross-section of the inner walls of the pipe, but also makes it possible to flush with the bottom sediments, the active resuspension, the rise of the sediment.
The free space in the cross section of the pipe allows you to float freely washed off the particles and together with the stream of saturated air, they go into the manifold and then into the open channel. Here there is no traction device for washing the sediment with no open manholes, which allows the wash water with the dissolved air to come out directly through the collector in the open channel, wherein the bandwidth of drains remains set to the original calculation.
The proposed device allows, without the high cost at the same time during the construction of drains on the array of drainage Provo�'it fastening perforated tubes inside the cavity drains and attach them above the bottom of the tubes. Therefore, immediately after construction enables in many cases to exclude from the technology of works on the drainage time consuming and inefficient operation for laying flexible strands and securing the ends of the pipes.
In addition, the increased reliability of tubes of polyethylene and other flexible tubes used in modern manufacturing technologies in the industry, allows you to make a broad selection of flexible along the length of the tubes. They can be manufactured in factory workshops in the pipeline for pulling in special machines. This in turn allows the mass manufacture of such perforated tubes with caps of fastening of the connections between them during construction. Service life at least 50 years. Reduced losses of water for rinsing and increases the productivity of the personnel on the drainage system. Thus, the impetus for leaching is not from the device controlling the differential water levels in the device, and from the time relay comprising a compressor for flushing the drains with compressed air briefly with the subsequent action of mixing with water.
The possibilities of this system is not limited, since the device along the length of perforated tube attached above the bottom in the cavity drains, has virtually no hydraulic resistance to flow and reduces the throughput�beard thread saturated with sediment when water moves in the direction of the manifold, next to the outdoor channel.
Economic effectiveness of the proposed drainage system is to combine in a single technological cycle of optimal water flow for flushing the drains and the manifold under pressure, optionally transporting the sediment under the pressure of compressed air, dissolved in water, as the length header is missing numerous open resource manholes that interfere with mechanized tillage during agricultural work.
Comparative analysis of proposed technical solutions and prototype shows that the claimed combination of features part of essential features is new, therefore, the claimed solution differs from the prototype and meets the criterion of "substantial differences".
Fig.1 is a diagram of the drainage system in plan; Fig.2 - a section a-A in Fig.1, the cross section of drains, manifold and pipe.
In all the figures the direction of the movement of water and air is shown by arrows.
The drainage system includes a collector-a collector of 1 connected with 2 drains. Vertical pipes 3 equip all origins 2 drains in the construction of a drainage network. At the same time inside the cavity drains 2 fix (fix) perforated �felling 4 small cross-section, which can be done by various methods of manufacture.
The tightness of the slots of the vertical pipe below the plow layer 3 is provided with a lid 5, which features a metal barrel 6. The lower end of the metal barrel 6 is rigidly connected to the perforated pipe 4, which has the air outlet 7 on the perimeter in a staggered manner, and the upper end by means of a flexible hose 8, the inlet of which is connected to the outlet 9 with a valve 10 and a receiver 11, a source of compressed air, the compressor (K) 12, connected to a time relay (R) 13 (relay not shown). Pressure hose 8 composite construction consisting of individual links of predetermined length between drains, provided with valves 14, 15. Hose coupling, metal barrel and the tube is made watertight, releasable connecting valve 16, for example, by clamps. In the end drains (mouth) made of the outlet opening 17, which is used to supply water to the collector-gatherer 1. The end walls of the metal of the barrel 6 are closed by the tube 18 and the end walls are not brought to the surface of the earth, since in this case they are damaged or destroyed in the process of mechanized tillage when hoeing and ploughing. They are opened only when necessary flushing of drainage from the collector and output flow with nano�AMI in the open channel 17.
The number of simultaneously wash drains 2 is determined by the accumulated volume of compressed air in the receiver 11 that is associated with the compressor 12, with auto switch time relay 13. In the receiver 11 are installed measuring instruments pressure (not shown). Moreover, the consumption of compressed air depends on the design of the perforated tube 4, its diameter, working length, size of air outlets 7, their frequency of placement along the length of the tube 4. Thus, all the dimensions are determined by calculation in the design process drainage system.
Flushing of the drainage system is as follows.
Install compressor system 12 and the receiver 11, which has in its set of flexible pressure hose 8 required length and stack it along the row of vertical tubes 3, knowing their location in the origins of drains 2. The beginning of the hose 8 is attached to the pipe 9 with the valve 10 of the receiver 11, and the end or fork is connected with a metal barrel 6 on the cover 5 of the nozzle 3 and is hermetically fixed by tightening the connected valve 16.
After performing these operations supply compressed air from the receiver 11 and by means of valves 10, 14, 15 set the number of concurrent drains to rinse depending on the accumulated volume of air in the receiver 11, to�which can be filled simultaneously by the compressor 12 team time relay 13 in the automatic operation mode signal, coming from instruments installed on the receiver 11 (not shown for simplification). In this case, the escaping air from the holes 7 perforated tube 4 has a disturbing effect on the flow of water in drena 2, sediments actively vspuchivajutsja and come in suspended their state, then they are carried away by water flow. As a result, improved transportation roiled particles, and previously precipitated ferrous compounds on the inner surface of the pipe is also washed with a significant increase in the rate of water movement in a closed reservoir 1, which is then transported in an open channel 17.
After washing the drains of the first group rinses second, third, etc. groups until, until you have washed all the drains are connected to this manifold. As a result of such exposure, the intensive mixing and transportation of sediment, and creates forward movement on their drena 1, which allows us to provide samopomich all drains and connections with the increased velocity of the water throughout the length of the drains, i.e., from its source to its mouth.
After performing these operations, turn off the receiver 11, the compressor 12 and move to a new position in the case of the limited length of the pressure hose 8 composed of separate sections along the length.
The system also allows the production�you combined method, i.e. to fill, for example, compressed air in the soil pores and thus create aeration in the soil.
Drainage system allows without large expenditures of labor and resources to carry out regular flushing of subsurface drainage several times a year in large areas immediately after construction and during prolonged use, allowing in many cases to reduce of technology the number of manholes and the connecting elements, to improve conditions of water flow in the drains. Eliminates the time consuming work in the operation of flexible filaments for pulling in the header and in the drains with pipes that are ineffective in practice, and the cost of flushing drains when using the present invention will be cut not less than 2 times. This will also allow to increase the efficiency of regulation of flushing drains drained land after a specified period of time by significantly increasing the speed of water, the slurry is carried in the header, next, in the open channel.
1. A drainage system comprising a manifold connected to the empty drains, pipes and ushing of sediment, characterized in that for the purpose of increasing washing efficiency and extend drainage by exposure to air on sediment ushing is made of perforated pipes�AMI in the form of air outlets, placed inside drains, fixed to the top of the pipe above the bottom, with the initial portion of the allotment in the form of a metal stem placed in the pipe and connected to a source of compressed air supplied short-compressor connected to the time relay, wherein the duct is coupled with the receiver through a pressure hose.
2. A system according to claim 1, characterized in that the perforated tube along the entire length of drains is made of smaller diameter relative to the inner diameter of the drains.
SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a rope, mechanically connected to a motor block, comprising a DC motor adapted for operation in the range of operating rotation frequencies and for development of substantially permanent torque when working with varying rotation frequencies in the entire range. The machine also comprises a device of AC motor control made as capable of AC to DC conversion and transmitting DC to the motor, and a device of rotation frequency control, communicating with the motor block and made as capable of variation of the operating rotation frequency of the motor in the range of operating rotation frequencies. According to another version, the machine comprises a frame unit connected to a body for rotation of the body, having an opening in the front part and a rope, a part of which is coiled inside the body, and its actuating end is made as capable of insertion into a drain via the opening in the body. The machine also comprises an electric motor installed on the frame unit, the output shaft of which is mechanically connected to the body for rotation of the body and the rope. At the same time the motor may operate in the range of operating rotation frequencies, containing the first and second rotation frequencies, besides, the value of the torque developed by the motor in process of operation at the first frequency of rotation is equal to the torque during operation at the second rotation frequency. According to the third version of design, the machine comprises a frame unit, having several lengthy tubular elements made of the first and second lower support elements. At the same time the second support element comprises a lengthy tubular element, and both support elements are parallel to each other in the horizontal plane. The frame unit also comprises angular and vertical loop elements stretching between the first and the second support elements, a vertical adjusting plate with a hole and an upper support element with a fixed end, attached to the vertical loop element and a free end aligned in parallel to the horizontal plane. The machine also comprises a rope inserted into a drain, a rotary drum, with at least a part of a rope arranged in it, besides, the rope and the drum rotate simultaneously, a DC motor made as capable of operation at multiple various operating rotation frequencies and adapted for development of a permanent torque in process of operation at each of multiple separate operating frequencies of rotation and a device for rotation frequency control made as described above.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and safety in elimination of contaminations.
20 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: storm grid with a collar comprises a hatch frame with stop lugs and a grid. On the stop lugs of the hatch frame along the perimeter there are fixing hooks where an elastic collar is inserted. The elastic collar has an abruption at the corners of the frame, and in the side walls there are spillway openings along the profile of proportional spill.
EFFECT: design enables to protect the storm grid from silting with stormflows.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a base, having opposite ends, an actuator mechanism hingedly installed on the base, and the first and second driving rolls displaced from each other in direction towards the base ends. The first and second rolls comprises a roll on the base and two rolls on the actuator mechanism designed for engagement of a wire, pulling between them, displacement relative to the base in direction between its ends and rotation of the wire. The actuator mechanism selectively moves the first and second rolls relative to each other. In another version of the device realisation the actuator mechanism consists of two elements and has a support on the base from displacement between the first and second positions. At the same time single rolls displaced from each other to the ends of the base are installed on the base and in the actuator mechanism. The manually controlled device for cable feed, as opposed to the first versions of realisation has a facility to connect one of the foundation ends to the guide pipe.
EFFECT: simplified operation.
41 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention deals with cleaning of domestic excremental sewage and oil-grease traps from polluting deposits, and acid waste waters from oil-greasy contamination. Method includes preliminary mechanical cleaning of the traps and sewage from deposits, washing out of reservoirs and pipeline of the sewage system from contamination, along with acid solutions with oil-greasy pollutants. Oil-greasy products are collected from the surface of the solutions; solutions go into the sewage with content of pollutants less than maximum concentration limit. At the start of the washing off cycle contaminating impurities are activated by means of hot activated solution of an all - purpose washing technical substance, received from dilution of all - purpose washing technical substance with hot service water for domestic - excremental sewage in the ratio 1:100, for oil-grease traps and acid solutions with oil - greasy contamination in the ratio 1:10 with consecutive stirring within 10-20 minutes and exposing for activation within 45 minutes. Reservoirs of the traps, pipe lines of the sewage get filled with the solution; it is as well added to contaminated acid solutions in the ratio 2:1 by volume. Then,washing is conducted exposing contaminated objects to the action of this activated solution. Present method ensures high efficiency of sewage system treatment, extends service life of the pipe lines, reduces recourse and power consumption and enables to receive aditionally disposed of oil and greasy products.
EFFECT: high efficiency of sewage system treatment, extended service life of pipe lines, reduced recourse and power consumption and additional getting disposed of oil and greasy products.
EFFECT: 8 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: device contains body of prolonged shape, which is assembled from rigid links that are serially combined into flat kinematic circuit, movable joints of which are arranged as cylindrical hinges, every of which is equipped with limiting device that prevents rotation of links in the hinge within the limits of turn angle, which is common for adjacent links and which makes from 170 to 190 degrees. Spaces, to which turn of links is impossible, are located from one side of body of prolonged shape, and on the opposite side at the end of one of extreme links that is distant from the hinge, support is installed, at that distance from this hinge to the support part that is most distant from it is more than internal transverse size of channel.
EFFECT: invention provides transfer of significant forces to clogging and may easily change its shape.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the drain well 1 a chamber 11 is located, communicated with the outlet orifices 12 and 25, and a container 13. In the chamber 11 a float articulation linkage is placed, the rod 18 of which is passed through the orifice 12 into the container 13, in which the cone valve 14 with the load 15 is placed. The container 13 through the pipeline 16 is connected to the outlet drain 4. The bottom of the chamber 11 is communicated with the drain well 1 by the inlet opening 17 and is made in the form of a valve 23 and a float sensor 22 interconnected with the rod with the ability of axial displacement. The inlet opening 17 of the float sensor 22 is formed with projections-limiters 24 with windows. The housing 10 of the shut-off device has a recess in which a pipe 26 with a spring 27 with a screw 28 is placed. The spring 27 is placed in the cavity of the flexible sleeve 29, which serves as protection from clogging with debris and deposits. The sensing element in the form of a spring 27 supports the valve 3 in opening and closing the opening 9 in the seat of the housing 10, which eliminates the shock loading of the valve on the seat in the housing 10. Closing the opening of the shut-off device is carried out only after emptying of the float chamber. As a result of this the work of the float drive is balanced by moments of forces from the minimum to the maximum water level in the well 1.
EFFECT: improved reliability of the device, improved accuracy of regulation and enhanced range of technical means for regulation of the water level in the closed drainage systems.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: body of a water-diversion ditch comprises two substantially identically formed surface blocks, namely: a bottom block and a substantially identically formed cover block, which with the help of spacing elements are connected to each other at the mounting distance. Surface blocks are proposed to be made substantially as capable of engagement when laid into stacks, so that the mounting distance of the surface blocks is considerably more than their distance when laid into a stack. Spacing elements are substantially shaped in the form of a truncated cone or a truncated pyramid, with a limited surface of the cross section, which with increased distance from the surface blocks becomes less. The first alternative version may include placement of the spacing elements on the surface units so that bottom blocks and bottom covers are laid as overlapping each other according to the type of stonework tying. The second alternative version may provide for overlapping connection of the bottom blocks and the cover blocks to each other according to the type of stonework tying.
EFFECT: high stability simultaneously with the possibility to save area during storing and transportation.
14 cl, 23 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises twisting the device for drain formation in the ground or soil to the desired depth. The device consists of dual hollow tubes. The outer tube has uniformly spaced protrusions of constant rectangular section rigidly fixed on the lateral cylindrical surface along the helical line with a constant pitch. After reaching the desired depth by the device, the inner tube together with the cohesive soil is removed from the outer tube to form a hollow space. The soil is removed from the inner tube. Then the inner tube is wrapped with anti-suffusion material and placed back into the hollow space of the outer tube. Then filter material is poured. The dual outer and inner tubes as filled with the filter material are twisted using a handle.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and productivity in the construction of vertical drains in cohesive soils.
4 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for horizontal draining of waterlogged structures on pile foundations relates to construction, namely to the construction of drainage systems for the protection of structures on pile foundations against ground water logging. As per the proposed method, dewatering of a waterlogged object is achieved due to the fact that from one radial drain well developed along the outer wall outside the structure normally to rows of the load-carrying piles and equipped with a filter there passed are additional side drain wells between the rows of piles. Drilling of additional shafts is performed by means of a downhole motor and diverting devices out of the above said radial well. The steadiness of walls of the additional wells at drilling is provided by the application of hydrolysed polyacrylonitrile or other self-decomposed drill fluids. After driving of the side additional shafts is completed, the drill tool is disconnected and used for the shutoff of the well bottom, and the motor together with drill pipes is removed through a filter pipe that was drawn by means of the downhole motor.
EFFECT: proposed drainage system allows solving a problem of protection against waterlogging of structures on pile foundations.
SUBSTANCE: mouth of the drain manifold comprises a shut-off valve 32 with the float drive 23 and the rod 31 mounted on the drain headwall, located in the drainage well 16. The mouth of the drain manifold comprises a plug-ended pipe 1 and is equipped with two chambers 10 and 11. The lower chamber 10 is connected to the upper chamber 11. The chambers 10, 11 through the inlet openings 12, 13 with the pipes 14, 15 are connected through the side wall 16 of the well mounted in the channel 17, and constitute a hydraulic switch, in which the water levels are recorded by the flap valves 19, 20. The upper chamber 11 is connected with a water-filled container 27 with a float 23 connected by the hinged-lever drive with a valve 19 and rigidly through the rod 31 with the shut-off valve 32. The lower chamber 10 is connected through the check valve 7 with the gate 6 with the drain tube 5 connected to the Venturi tube 4 of the drain 3. The outlet opening 18 at the bottom of the chamber 11 is provided with a flat flap valve 19, and the tube 14 - with the flap valve 20. The flap valve 20 through the hinges with the rod 21 is connected with the flap valve 19 which is connected by the hinged-lever drive through the fixed hinge 22 with a float 23. The water-filled container 27 with a calibrated water outlet opening 33 has a float movement limiter made in the form of the level retainers 24.
EFFECT: reliability of operation in transient conditions, depending on the position of water level in the channel is provided by the presence of hydraulic relay consisting of two chambers, interconnected by the valves, and the container, in particular the calibrated opening in it, calculated from the condition that the water level in the retainer of closing of the shut-off device is slower.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: previously they make a horizontal circular drainage 1 with a tubular drain having gravel fill and wrapped in geotextile. Then a bed drain 3 is arranged under the bottom of the basement with filtering fill from crushed stone. A sink 4 is equipped with fill from coarse-grained sand. Walls 6 and the bottom 7 of the basement are hydraulically insulated. Piles 8 are driven, and a groove-and-tongue wall 9 is arranged. Perpendicularly to the horizontal drains 1 tightly to the groove-and-tongue wall 9 at the rated distance they arrange vertical perforated plastic pipes 2. Vertical collectors 2 are wrapped by a protective filtering material and are combined into a single system. For quick reduction of ground water level they apply forced pumping of water by a pump 10 from vertical collectors 2 with its further discharge into the horizontal circular drainage 1.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of drainage operation.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: drainage-humidification system comprises a supply 1 and a discharge 2 closed irrigation pipelines interconnected with water distribution executive unit. The water distribution executive unit consists of a vertical pipe 3 mounted on the supply pipeline 1 and the working chamber 4 of pressure with separation from it by the membrane 5 with the rod 6. The water distribution executive unit, the valve gear 19, the container 24 with the float 23, and the rotary valve 44 with the control pipeline are located in series. The cavity 11 of the chamber 4 is connected via the hydraulic pipeline 64 provided with a valve 65, with the switch 27, the shank of which is fixed pivotally with one end of the lever 50 to the rod 22. Movement of the upper lever 50 is limited by the upper stop 58, and the lower lever 51 - by the lower stop 59 above and below the threshold level in the storage container 24. The valve gear 19 is made in the form of a cylinder and has a double piston 20 which is pivotally coupled to the rod 22 of the float actuator. The valve gear 19 is connected to the supply irrigation pipeline 1 through the control pipeline 34 to the valve 35 and is respectively connected to the manifold 42 with drains-humidifiers 43. The storage container 24 with a siphon 28 communicates through the rotary valve 44 to the control pipelines 31, 34, respectively, with valves 32, 35 and with the supply pipeline 1.
EFFECT: system enables to create closed automated systems in land reclamation, to save water resources, to obtain the necessary productivity of agricultural products with the effective use of land.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of land reclamation and can be used for draining soils in heavy-textured soils, as well as in regulation of the water level in upper pools of bulkhead structures in irrigation and drainage-humidification channels. The system comprises an inlet 1 and an outlet 28 drains, a storage container 2 and a chamber 3 connected by the pipe 4. The chamber 3 is placed in an inspection manhole 5, in which a siphon is mounted. A float 18 is placed in an additional chamber 20 and is provided with a load 19 with a variable mass. The system comprises a three-port articulation linkage, the first port 8 of which is pivotally connected to the first horizontal axis of rotation 7. A shutter 6 is connected to the axis of rotation 7 with the ability of rotation and fixing the shutter in the end positions by means of clamps on the output head of the chamber 3 which is connected to the inlet pipe. The second port is made in the form of a rod 9 mounted on the second horizontal axis of rotation 11 and connected to a lever 10. The lever 10 is pivotally connected to a rod 12 rigidly connected to the float 18. The rod 9 by a lever 13 with a slider 14 is connected to a rack 15, on which a limiter 16 is secured using a retaining screw 17. In the bottom of the additional chamber 20 there is an inlet 23 with the located valve 24 connected to a float sensor 25. The inspection manhole 5 is equipped with a siphon made in the form of a vertically mounted cylindrical nozzle 29 connected to the outlet 28 drain, and a cap 30 located above it. The combination of the articulation linkage with the floating drive mounted on the wall of the chamber (well) with control elements enables to avoid imbalances by moving the shutter 6 on the axis 7, and the operation of the siphon also enables to adjust automatically water discharge to the outlet drain with the stable flow rate.
EFFECT: system is reliable and stable in operation, it has continuous monitoring of the water level and eliminates an emergency.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry, and namely to development of flooded mineral deposits, as well as it can be used at unwatering of foundations and in hydraulic engineering. In order to protect an open pit against underground water influx, the main horizontal drain wells 4 are constructed normally to open pit 2 side 1. At least two opposite lying additional side horizontal drain wells are constructed out of each main horizontal drain well 4. Out of points 5, 6, 7 on the main horizontal drain wells 4 there constructed to one side in the direction of adjacent wells 4 to the right are additional side horizontal drain wells 8, 9, 10. Out of the same points 5, 6, 7 on adjacent wells 4 there constructed to the left are additional side horizontal drain wells 11, 12, 13. All the additional side horizontal drain wells are constructed till their mutual intersection and formation of a closed drain circuit. All wells are constructed at the bottom of the drained water-bearing horizon.
EFFECT: providing increase of entrapment degree of breakthrough of underground water to open pit sides and reducing drilling volumes of the main horizontal drain wells owing to enlarging distance between them.
1 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: system comprises a feeding drain line 1, a collecting container 2 connected to an inspection pit 3 by the pipe 4, and a vertical overflow wall 5 with an opening 6. The vertical overflow wall 5 is fastened to the bottom 7 and rigidly embedded in the side walls of the pit 3. The overflow wall 5 is provided with a horizontal shelf 8 directed towards the pipe 4. The inspection pit 3 is communicated with a chamber 9 which has a broken inner wall 10 with an opening for the inlet pipe 12. The lower central part of the broken wall 10 between the chamber 9 and the pit 3 is made as an opening 13 and comprises a seat with a valve 14 on the hinge 15 and the float drive. The chamber 9 is hydraulically connected by the siphon 22 and the vertical pipe 23 to the outlet drain line 24. The siphon 22 is separated from the float drive by the cantilever partition 20 and has a charging tube 25. The relationship in the operation of the inspection pit, the chamber with the float drive, the siphon and other construction elements enables to increase the reliability and accuracy in the work of the construction.
EFFECT: efficient periodic washing from suspended sediments of the construction and the drain line to the source of the collector.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly to consolidate slopes or inclinations to be eroded by ground waters.
SUBSTANCE: method for slope protection against landslide by diverting ground water with the use of drainage mine tunnel, through filters and upward dewatering wells involves excavating mine tunnel beginning from lower point of original ground under water-bearing horizons with tunnel elevation for water gravity flow, wherein mine tunnel extends parallel to direction of water flow from water-bearing horizons; excavating mine tunnel in different directions perpendicular to above flow direction; performing drilling vertical venting wells at tunnel ends beginning from original ground; drilling upward dewatering wells in water-bearing horizons; drilling vertical wells from original ground used as through filters crossing all water-bearing horizons; connecting thereof with cross-headings excavated from mine tunnel; installing valves at through filter ends; providing filtering members at place of intersection between upward dewatering wells and vertical wells with water-bearing horizons; forming water removal channel in mine tunnel and connecting thereof with original ground; drilling hydraulic observing wells beginning from original ground along line of through filters to control water level in water-bearing horizons.
EFFECT: increased reliability; possibility of diverting 85-90% of water contained in water-bearing horizons.
FIELD: land-reclamation, particularly drainage building in flooded irrigated lands.
SUBSTANCE: method involves digging out channel in a single drainage machine pass by plow-type ditcher; dumping dug out fertile ground on channel brows in banks; digging out trench by operative tool of drainage machine; laying drainage pipe and covering thereof with ground; filling channel with fertile ground. Fertile ground layer is loosened before trench digging out along drainage pipe laying axis, wherein width of loosened ground strip is not less than operative tool width. Loosened ground is laid on channel brows. Trench is dug out by chain operative tool of narrow drainage machine performing reverse rotation and extracted ground is placed between trench walls and drainage machine bunker to cover drainage pipe moved into trench by guiding means. Trench is backfilled with ground with the use of two pairs of banks, which provides successive filling trench with ground and loosened fertile ground.
EFFECT: increased efficiency due to prevention of trench wall compaction, reduced power inputs.
FIELD: hydraulic and reclamation building, particularly in permafrost zones.
SUBSTANCE: method involves creating planned embankment on territory to be developed; performing surface water drainage from embankment. Embankment slope provide water flow to water receiving means and drainage of surface water from adjoining areas. Ground water flowing from adjacent areas are drained during and/or after embankment erection and removed from embankment body. Motor roads and in-territory water draining channel systems are used as water receiving and draining means within the boundaries of territory to be developed. Water diversion ditch system is used for water removal from outside the territory to be developed. Water diversion ditch system are formed along embankment perimeter and above slopes reinforced from embankment side. Motor roads are built on embankment top, wherein motor road pavements are located beneath embankment surface. Embankment has slopes directed towards roads. Motor roads have longitudinal and transversal slopes providing surface water flow along roads to water draining channel system, which drains water into water diversion ditch system. Surface water flows into water diversion ditch system from embankment areas located at a distance from motor roads due to inclining above areas towards water diversion ditch system, which directs water to purification system or to natural temporary or permanent water channels. For ground water removal from embankment body drainage layer is placed in embankment so that drainage layer diverts accumulated water to water diversion ditch system, which is also used to remove ground water entering from areas located adjacent territory to be developed.
EFFECT: simplified structure, reduced labor inputs, provision of stable and effective protective system operation.
6 cl, 2 dwg