Device for magnetoacoustic treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuel

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. The device for magnetoacoustic treatment of liquid hydrocarbonic fuel containing the housing (1), inlet (2) and outlet (3) fuel nipples, AC inductor (7), and also an internal cylindrical chamber (4) from non-conducting material for fuel passing connected with inlet and outlet nipples is offered. Inside the chamber coaxially with it a thin-walled metal tube (8) is installed, and at distances from the ends of the metal tube the permanent magnets (9 and 10) designed as disks and facing to each other with unlike poles are located.

EFFECT: decrease of specific fuel consumption and increase of engine capacity.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device resonant magnetoacoustic processing of hydrocarbon fluids, in particular processing fuel in internal combustion engines.

Known various devices for the treatment of hydrocarbon liquid fuels by electrical means, magnetic fields, etc. to improve their properties.

Known fuel corrector according to the patent of Russian Federation №2266427, IPC F02M 27/04 comprises a housing with a working chamber of variable cross section, made of diamagnetic material, two or more magnetic block with magnets mounted at some distance in mutually perpendicular planes relative to each other. Additionally, the concealer contains a disk dispenser with holes and emitters that are installed with the possibility distribution and the turbulence of the main flow of fuel to several equivalent flow and provide ultrasonic vibrations. One of the emitters and a dispenser installed in the working chamber of the casing in the zone of the supply of fuel, and the other between the magnetic blocks. Each magnetic block is formed with a reflective shell of ferromagnetic material and the magnets in them are like poles.

The known device is the low efficiency because of the acoustic impact on the fuel a little. The device has a complicated structure.

On�closer in design is the magneto fuel activator RF patent No. 103140, IPC F02M 27/04.

Known magneto activator of fuel includes a dielectric housing, a hollow inlet and outlet fuel fittings, two metal electrodes, the magnetic field source in the form of a permanent magnet and a source of electric field that is attached to these electrodes. The electrodes used metal fittings, the magnetic field source in the form of two ring permanent magnets with axial magnetization, placed inside the body of the activator on the fittings. The distance between the ends of the fittings inside the housing is selected from the condition of maximum strength of the electric field without electrical breakdown between them. Activator of fuel additionally equipped with an adjustable electromagnet, which is outside the body is placed inductive winding is connected through a voltage regulator to an onboard battery. The case of the activator, the high-voltage unit and the voltage regulator are mounted in a common dielectric housing.

The known device provides a fuel processing only a constant electromagnetic field. Acoustic treatment of fuel missing.

The problem to be solved by the patent is the development of simple and efficient construction of device magnetoacoustic resonance, and less�Ki liquid hydrocarbon fuel, allow to reduce specific fuel consumption and increase engine power.

Said technical result is achieved in that a device magnetoacoustic the treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuel, comprising a housing, inlet and outlet fuel fittings, inductor alternating current connected to the AC power source (not shown). The device comprises an inner cylindrical chamber made of non-conductive material for the passage of fuel associated with inlet and outlet fittings, on average, narrower part of which is placed a variable inductor of the electric current. Inside the chamber coaxially with it installed thin-walled metal tube, and at specified distances from the ends of the metal tube are arranged permanent magnets in the form of disks facing each other with opposite poles.

The most effective performance of the device is such, in which the permanent magnet uses a neodymium magnet.

A combination of constructive features of the proposed solution allowed us to create a compact device in which when passing through the winding of the inductor alternating current of a certain frequency in the material of the thin-walled tube vortex induced ring currents. The interaction of these currents with �of the permanent magnetic field causes an intense resonant radial oscillations of thin-walled metal tube. While in the processed fuel excited intense magnetoacoustic processes.

Calculations show that these processes actively affect the molecules of the hydrocarbon fuel, greatly increases its ability to oxidation, reduce exhaust gas temperature, which reduces the content of CO and other environmentally harmful compounds.

According to calculations the amplitude magnetoacoustic oscillations

a) proportional to the conductivity of the tube material, the square of its radius, and inversely proportional to the square root of the product of material density and modulus of elasticity (young's modulus);

b) proportional to the number of turns of the inductor per unit length, the magnitude of the AC voltage and inversely proportional to the active resistance of the winding of the inductor;

b) proportional to the induction of a constant magnetic field.

The proposed device for magneto-acoustic treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuels to significantly reduce the specific fuel consumption, increase power and engine life.

The drawing shows the claimed device magnetoacoustic the treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuel.

The shielding device comprises a housing 1, made of ferromagnetic material, input 2 and output 3 of the fuel fittings. With fittings 2 and 3 associated internal cylindrical chamber 4, serving for the passage of fuel (the fuel passage shown by arrows 5) made of non-conductive material. The cylindrical chamber has a middle narrow portion 6 on which is placed the coil of an alternating electric current 7. Inside the chamber coaxially with it installed thin-walled metal tube 8. At distances from the ends of the metal tube 8 are permanent magnets 9 and 10, made in the form of discs of neodymium. Neodymium discs facing each other with opposite poles and installed at specified distances from the ends of the metal tube 8 to create a gap for the passage of the treated fuel.

The device magnetoacoustic the treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuel works as follows. Via inlet port 2 into the device enters the hydrocarbon fuel (gasoline, diesel fuel, etc.). The flow of hydrocarbon fuel flows through the inner chamber 4 to flow around the magnetic disks 9 and 10, as well as outside and inside a thin-walled metal tube 8. During the passage of fuel through the internal chamber 4, it is subjected to a sufficiently strong, predominantly longitudinal magnetic field generated by the magnetic disks 9 and 10.

At the same time the winding of inductor alternating current 7 passes current of a certain frequency, the cat�region of the thin-walled material of the tube induces a vortex ring electric currents. The interaction of these currents with constant magnetic field causes an intense resonant radial oscillations of thin-walled metal tube 8, stimulants processed fuel inside and outside of the tube intense magnetoacoustic processes.

The device magnetoacoustic the treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuels to significantly reduce the specific fuel consumption and increase engine power.

1. The device magnetoacoustic the treatment of liquid hydrocarbon fuel, comprising a housing, inlet and outlet fuel fittings, inductor alternating electric current, and an inner cylindrical chamber made of non-conductive material for the passage of fuel associated with inlet and outlet fittings, on average, narrower part of which is placed a variable inductor of the electric current, while inside the chamber coaxially with it installed thin-walled metal tube, and at distances from the ends of the metal tube are arranged permanent magnets in the form of disks facing each other with opposite poles.

2. Magnetoacoustic activator of fuel according to claim 1, characterized in that the permanent magnets neodymium magnets are used.



 

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