Highly-functional modular waterborne vehicle

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: waterborne vehicle consists of multipurpose modules, two separators. Each module includes air-filled float in the form of empty plastic bottle plugged with screw plug. Upper and lower separators are performed as horizontally oriented plates made of waterproof material with holes for floats installation and securing.

EFFECT: higher loading capacity, functionality, structure reliability and convenience in transit.

5 cl, 6 dwg


The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to ultra-light boats, intended for the construction of water areas in the form of rafts, jetties, pontoons, pontoon bridges and transitions, booms, fences bathing areas, temporary water intakes, etc.

Known flotation device containing oriented parallel to each other longitudinal air floats, bottom, connecting the longitudinal air floats on the top and forming a Board, framing on top of the bottom (Patent for useful model RF # 1055, WV 07/08, publ. 16.11.1995).

The closest analogue is a flotation device containing a bottom, side, framing the bottom on top, and the air floats in the form of empty stoppered bottles, which are connected to the cassette by means of an elastic flexible element covering the top and bottom of the bottles and attached to the Board (the Patent for useful model RF # 134512, WV 7/00, publ. 20.11.2013).

The disadvantage of this craft is the limited capacity, inability to build l-shaped, U-shaped or O-shaped structures, i.e. limited functionality that reduce the scope of its use. In addition, the flotation device is inconvenient in assembling, disassembling and transporting, requires a large investment of time to prepare for the operation.

The technical problem.� the claimed invention, is to increase the capacity, functionality and reliability, convenience when assembling, disassembling and transporting.

A solution to this problem is achieved in that in the proposed flotation device consisting of a universal modules, each of which contains an air float in the form of an empty plastic bottle, corked screw plug, and two separators, locking the float in an upright position, according to the invention, the separator is made in the form of horizontal plates from water-resistant material with holes for mounting and the fixing of floats. To increase the rigidity and functionality of the design, ensure reliable connection of modules in a single flotation device when mounting the separators are rotated relative to each other by 180 or 90 degrees in a horizontal plane, between the floats set spacer.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the boats on top of the rectangular embodiment of Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the boats from the top l-shaped execution, Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the boats from the top of the U-shape of performance, Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the boats from the top O-ring embodiment; Fig. 5 - section when viewed from the front,Fig. 6 - scheme of the module.

The craft consists of modules 1, each of which includes an air float 2 mounted in the holes 10 and 11 on the separators 4 and 5. As an air floats use an empty plastic container in the form of bottles, which are secured in cages screw 3 using the spacers 9. Separators can be made of a waterproof material such as vinyl plastic. They have two holes: one 11 for installation in it of the neck of the bottle and secure the bottle with the cork, another 10 to install the body of the bottle. When assembling the module, the separators 4 and 5 rotate relative to each other by 180° or 90° depending on the design configuration for the overlap between adjacent modules and a reliable connection. On each float can be fixed from one to four separators on each side: the separators 4, 5 longitudinal rows of modules, separators 7, 8 transverse rows of modules. To impart rigidity to the floats set spacer 6. The number of necessary modules to build them into the design depends on the amount of used bottles in the module (5 to 20 l) and the required capacity.

Craft is essential in the organization of leisure on the water, sport fishing and hunting, in the regeneration on the waterfront wharves, piers, Pont�nnyh bridges, booms and other infrastructure. It guarantees high safety, maintainability and reliability.

The proposed design allows to make products of all capacities, lengths and configurations, including l-shaped, U-shaped and O-shaped, is lightweight, reliable and convenient in assembling, disassembling and transporting in comparison with analogues.

1. Watercraft, consisting of universal modules, each of which includes an air float in the form of an empty plastic bottle, corked screw plug, and two separators, the top and bottom, locking the float in an upright position, characterized in that the separator is made in the form of horizontal plates from water-resistant material with holes for mounting and the fixing of floats.

2. Watercraft according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper and lower separators can be installed rotated relative to each other by 180° or 90° in the horizontal plane.

3. Watercraft according to claim 1, characterized in that between the separators modules installed on floats spacer.

4. Watercraft according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper and lower separators contain two holes for mounting floats.

5. Watercraft according to claim 1, characterized in that the floats fixed screw on the top and n�press separators with rotating floats by 180° using one.


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17 cl, 2 dwg

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4 cl, 22 dwg