Substrate for growing plants in container
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, particularly to nursery and gardening. The substrate includes sawdust and additionally contains a compound mineral fertiliser, ash and a preparation having a composting property, with the following content of components, wt %: sawdust - 80-90, compound mineral fertiliser - 3-5, ash - 3-5, preparation having a composting property - 4-10, wherein the sawdust is pretreated with potassium permanganate. The compound mineral fertiliser used is, pts.wt: ammonium nitrate - 3, superphosphate - 1.5, potassium sulphate - 0.5. The preparation having a compositing property used is Vozrozhdenie.
EFFECT: use of the substrate reduces cases of plants dying during planting and improves the quality of seedlings.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular for gardening and nursery, and can be used to produce high quality planting material in industrial plantations of tree and shrub species of plants in container cultivation.
When container growing plants there are a number of difficulties in the selection of substrates. In the initial phase when propagating plants by cuttings is important transplant rooted cuttings from plants rooting in containers for growing. Transplantation complicated by the fact that the newly formed roots, as a rule, are very fragile and susceptible to breaking off. This is compounded by the density of the soil substrate in which are planted rooted cuttings. About 20% of rooted cuttings dies for the transplant. For further successful cultivation of plants, the substrate should be not only easy, but also air - and water-holding capacity and nutrient. To ensure optimal soil mixture physico-chemical properties, it added natural leavening agents. First of all, the moss, peat and leaf compost.
In the zone of the Lower Volga region moss and peat are quite expensive materials, they are not always of the required quality. Preparation of leaf compost animalopolis time minimum of 3-6 months.
Known substrate for growing plants, which contains two layers of expanded clay (patent RU No. 76775, IPC A01G 31/00). The bottom layer is made of large particles of clay size 5÷10 mm, the upper layer is made of small particles of clay size from 0,1 to 5 mm. the ratio of the layer thickness of 0.8 to 1.2:1. Achieved a reduction in the number of heterogeneous components of the substrate while increasing yields and minor adjustments to well-known technology of cultivation of plants in a small volume of inert substrate. However, it has a high density, which can lead to damage to the root system of the rooted cuttings for transplant.
Known substrate for growing seedlings in plodonosyat garden (patent RU №2050109, IPC A01G 1/00). The substrate is an enriched nutrients organic compound, which uses waste housing and utilities, with the following ratio of components, wt.: peat 20-35; sand 25-30; ash 0,2-0,3; liquid complex fertilizers (HCS brand 10 34 0) 0,1-0,2, precipitation domestic waste water - the rest.
However, it is not really suitable for container growing. First, the use of rainfall domestic wastewater as a component of the substrate is necessary in each region to conduct sestero�it the study of their chemical composition. This requires appropriate reagents and extra time. In addition, before using them, you must first perform the cleaning process of precipitation domestic wastewater, which is carried out in order to reduce the content of contaminants to concentrations that would not produce adverse effects on the environment. Secondly, in order to obtain the proposed nutrient substrate with optimal processing properties, it is necessary to observe the humidity of the substrate is in the range of 60-70% and a specific sequence of mixing the components to obtain a homogeneous mass.
The closest to the claimed is the substrate for production of seedlings (application for invention RU №2001103448, IPC A01G 1/00, A01G 9/02, C05F 11/02). The substrate for production of seedlings includes peat, sand and soil. While it additionally contains sawdust and a live plant substance in the following ratio of components, wt.h.: peat 5, sand 2, soil 1, sawdust 1,5, live vegetable substance is 0.5.
However, in this embodiment, shavings are the support component and contained in a small amount. The disadvantage of this substrate is also the need to maintain the humidity during the growing season in the range of 65-80%. Another disadvantage of the prototype JW�makes the fact, to optimize root nutrition of plants in addition to one-time enrichment of the substrate of ash elements, fractional nitrogen with irrigation water during the period of intensive growth of the aerial part. In addition, the composition of the substrate includes a living vegetable matter in the form of roots, which requires the cultivation of flower crops with high phytoncide properties, or the use of green and flowering plants, whose roots are especially saturated with phytoncides, and then briquetted substrate in the cells of the container. This significantly increases the complexity of the preparation of the substrate.
The object of the invention is to create an easy, air - and water-holding capacity, nutrient substrate for container-growing tree and shrub species of plants based on wood chips.
The technical result is to reduce the loss of grafts during transplantation and improving the quality of seedlings.
The task is achieved by the fact that the substrate for container growing plants, including sawdust according to the invention additionally contains a complete fertilizer, ash and agent with composting property, with the following content of components, mass.%:
|complex mineral fertilizer||3-5|
|the drug with composting property||4-10,|
thus pretreated sawdust potassium permanganate.
As a complex mineral fertilizer used, wt.h.: ammonium nitrate - 3, superphosphate - 1,5, potassium sulfate 0.5 in.
As a drug, with composting property, the selected drug is "Revival".
Sawdust is first treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, then mixed with a complex of mineral fertilizers and ash, then all components moisten the drug with composting property - "Revival".
To accelerate the adaptation of transplanted cuttings on experimental substrates used the following humic preparations: "Sunrise", "Humisol".
As model plants were used rooted cuttings of Privet, Japanese spirea, Potentilla, mock orange, pussyreplica, honeysuckle, Dali, snowball tree, turf, white.
Experiments were conducted for different soil substrates on the development and yield of vegetative seedlings, which confirmed the effectiveness predlagaemoj� substrate.
As the substrate, it was decided to try the following options:
Example 1 - moss;
Example 2 - sand;
Example 3 - sawdust;
Example 4 - peat and sand in the ratio 1:1;
Example 5 - the sand and sawdust in the ratio of 1:1;
Example 6 - soil (sandy loam, poorly structured) - 70% compost and 30%;
Example 7 - sawdust (30%) and soil (sandy loam, poorly structured) - 70%;
Example 8 - sawdust (proposed substrate: in its drafting each 1 m3sawdust was added ammonium nitrate - 6 kg, superphosphate - 2 kg, potassium sulfate 1 kg, ash - 10 kg).
Below are the main results of experiments.
Different versions of the substrate influenced the survival rate of transplanted rooted cuttings, growth of roots and shoots after planting. It should be noted that in embodiments 2 and 5, the substrates are strongly compacted, the root system was weak and friable, easily traumatized.
The results are shown in table 1.
|The composition of the substrate||The yield of transplanted plants (seedlings), %||The average number of roots per seedling, EA.||The average growth of the shoot, %|
|Example 1 (moss)||0,0||0,0||0,0|
|Example 2 (sand)||40,0||7,3||19,0|
|Example 3 (sawdust)||5,0||3,7||2,0|
|Example 4 (peat and sand in the ratio 1:1)||45,0||8,5||20,0|
|Example 5 (sand and sawdust in the ratio 1:1)||10,0||4,6||5,0|
|Example 6 (soil - 70% compost and 30%||79,0||11,2||34,0|
|Example 7 (sawdust - 30% soil and 70%)||63,0||10,9||31,0|
|Example 8 (sawdust - the proposed substrate)||86,0||12,9||48,0|
Further development was to determine the optimal range of mass ratios of components of the proposed substrate. Experiments were conducted with the following�mi values of wt.% components of the proposed substrate:
- the proposed substrate, wt.%: sawdust 75, a complete fertilizer 6, ash 6, composting drug 13;
- the proposed substrate, wt.%: sawdust 80, a complete fertilizer 5, ash 5, composting drug 10;
- the proposed substrate, wt.%: sawdust 85, a complete fertilizer 4, ash 4, composting drug 7;
- the proposed substrate, wt.%: sawdust 90, a complete fertilizer 3, ash 3, composting preparation 4;
- the proposed substrate, wt.%: sawdust 95, a complete fertilizer 2, ashes 2, composting drug 1.
Table 2 presents the results of experiments.
|The content of components, mass. %|
|The composition of the substrate||sawdust||75||80||85||90||95|
|complex mineral fertilizer||6||5||4||3||2|
|the death of the transplanted grafts, %||37||9||12||10||34|
|the quality of seedlings (number of seedlings with the highest growth of shoots, %)||42||89||86||90||47|
|the intensity of development of the root system (number of seedlings with well-developed root system, %)||48||86||84||89||51|
When the ratio (75:6:6:13) sawdust well enough compositionality, but an excessive amount of the mineral composition in the substrate led to the phenomenon of "physiological dryness" - hard p�the uptake of water by roots, adversely affecting the education and development of the root system and shoots with leaves.
When the ratio of substrate(80:5:5:10), (85:4:4:7) and (90:3:3:4) were the best indicators of the growth of shoots and number of roots of one seedling.
At a ratio of (95:2:2:1) sawdust was bad compositionality because of insufficient number of composting substance, in addition to development of seedlings was influenced by a lack of mineral nutrition in the substrate, which affects the General condition of plants.
The data obtained was in the range of optimum ratio of the components of the substrate at the following content, wt.%:
|complex mineral fertilizer||3-5|
|the drug with composting property||4-10.|
Found the combination ratio of the components provides a substrate that meets the requirements for it when growing plants in containers.
In addition, it was found that for each 1 m3sawdust is advisable to add amenoicurami - 6 kg, superphosphate - 2 kg, potassium sulfate 1 kg, ash - 10 lbs.
The inventive substrate will reduce the loss of the transplanted grafts, to get better quality seedlings, increase the intensity of development of the root system, to reduce the cost of grown planting stock.
1. Substrate for container production of plants, including sawdust, characterized in that it additionally contains a complete fertilizer, ash and agent with composting property, with the following content of components, mass.%:
|complex mineral fertilizer||3-5|
|the drug with composting property||4-10,|
thus pretreated sawdust potassium permanganate.
2. The substrate according to claim 1, characterized in that as a complex mineral fertilizer used, wt.h.: ammonium nitrate - 3, superphosphate - 1,5, potassium sulfate 0.5 in.
3. The substrate according to claim 1, characterized in that as the drug with composting property, the selected remedy "�otrozhdenie".
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to chemical industry and specifically to processing phosphogypsum, a large-tonnage waste from phosphoric acid production, and can be used to produce compound mineral fertilisers. The first version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of production of carbamide, II degree distillation ammonium carbonate salts, which are first saturated via a carbonisation reaction; components are mixed in weight ratio of 1:0.705 at temperature of 55°C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The second version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and 80% ammonium nitrate solution before the evaporation step in weight ratio 1:1.176 at temperature not higher than 62°C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The third version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of soda production, ammonium chloride solution in weight ratio 1:0.78 at temperature not higher than 62°C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The fourth version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum, ammonium nitrate, phosphoric acid and ammonia water in weight ratio 1:0.588:0.180:0.128 at temperature of 60-80°C and pH of the solution is brought to 7.
EFFECT: use of any of the versions of the invention enables to obtain a nutrient-rich nitrogen-phosphorus-sulphate fertiliser from phosphogypsum, which is used as a ready liquid compound fertiliser or is processed to obtain granules or is fed into an additional mixer-reactor for mixing with other mineral fertilisers in order to increase the amount of nutrients.
8 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. Organic-mineral complex contains an organic substance, chalk, a phosphorite flour, a mineral fertiliser. The organic substance it contains is flax boon at the following ratio of components, wt %, by dry substance: flax boon - 96.43-98.94, chalk - 0.25-0.75, phosphorite flour - 0.20-1.00, mineral fertiliser - 0.61-1.82. The mineral fertiliser is ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate and copper sulfate, 5-hydrate, at the wt % ratio accordingly of: 0.3-0.8:0.3-1.0:0.01-0.02.
EFFECT: application of organic-mineral complex makes it possible to increase crop capacity of plants, to expand assortment of fertile mixtures and to recycle flax production wastes.
2 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: chicken manure and peat, taken in the ratio of 50:50, are shredded to particle-size composition of less than 10 mm. The shredded components are stirred and alkalified with 0.5% aqueous solution of potassium hydroxide in an amount of 1.5 l per 1 kg of the mixture at 20-22°C for 24 hours. Wheat bran is added into the resulting primary biofertiliser in an amount of 3 wt % and stirred. The first stage of the mixture bioconversion is carried out at 36-39°C for 96 hours. Then the second stage of bioconversion is carried out at 55-60°C for 24 hours. At that every 24 hours the mixture is purged with air in the longitudinal and transverse directions for 30 minutes.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of application by improving the survival of microorganisms, increase in biological activity of the soil, and improvement of consumer properties of the biofertiliser obtained.
2 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: method includes the application of complex compost, consisting of manure and wastes of agricultural crops, for increase of number and activation of activity of earthworm. Meanwhile the complex compost is brought into the soil to the depth of the top layer. Complex compost in addition includes a waste of chemical industry - phosphogypsum. Wastes of agricultural crops - vegetative residue of sunflower (caps), sugar beet, corn, wastes of grain cleaning, spew of vegetables and fruit, straw of barley, wastes of fodder for of animals, are taken in equal proportions, at the following interrelation of components, %: wastes of agricultural crops - 2-3, phosphogypsum - 5-6, manure of the black cattle - the rest.
EFFECT: method allows to improve the soil fertility with simultaneous improvement of physical, chemical and biological properties of soil.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: each block comprises organic components of different kind and plant mass (waste) of initial moisture with height of 50-60 cm. Each block is covered with a layer of soil with the height of 8-10 cm and kept for 4-5 days. Before laying the next block the previous blocks are mixed. The first block consists of a layer of straw with height of 70-80 cm, poured with liquid manure and covered with a layer of plant mass. In the subsequent blocks - first layer is the plant mass, at that the second and third blocks are layers of peat and sawdust, respectively, with height of 50-60 cm, poured with post-distillery stillage, and the fourth block is chicken manure with height of 30-40 cm.
EFFECT: rapid maturation of compost, environmental friendliness and increase in soil fertility.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely to the field of recycling post-harvest crop residues and compost preparation. Post-harvest crop residues are collected and, alternating with layers of organic-mineral mixture consisting of cattle manure and phosphogypsum taken in the ratio of 10:1, respectively, are placed in a storing bunker with the height of up to 3.0 m with the following sequence with the respective of height layers, cm: crop residues of winter wheat - 40-45; organic-mineral mixture - 30-35; corn crop residues - 40-45; organic-mineral mixture - 30-35; sunflower crop residues - 40-45; organic-mineral mixture - 30-35; crop residues of sugar beet - 40-45; organic-mineral mixture - the rest. The formed heap in late-autumn period is stirred and composted for 4 months, with continuation of composting in early spring during up to 2 months, stirring monthly.
EFFECT: invention provides obtaining effective organic-mineral fertiliser and improvement of the ecological situation of the environment through industrial and agricultural waste disposal.
3 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method comprises the use of cellulose-containing wastes and soil, administration of microorganisms, moisturizing and incubation. At that the wastes are sorted and crushed into particles of 1-2 cm, then they are placed in layers in the fermenter, alternating with the ground, the height of each layer is 2-3 cm, and then treated with the suspension of the preparation Tamir obtained by cultivation of microorganisms without access of air at a temperature of 20-30°C with stirring once a day for 1-2 min with addition of water, sugar and the preparation of Urgas in a ratio of water: concentrate of Tamir: sugar: preparation of Urgas is 30:0.3:1:0.5. It is humified in mesophilic conditions at a temperature of 30-40°C for 120 days.
EFFECT: method enables to simplify the technology and reduce the time of obtaining of humified soil.
SUBSTANCE: sludge with moisture content of 20-40%, which is fermented in natural conditions for at least three months, is mixed with a binder additive and mineral components, granulated at temperature of 45-95°C and the granules are then dried to moisture content of 8-16%. The binder additive - sodium humate - is used in amount of 2-3% of the dry mass of the sludge, and mineral components: nitrogen source - carbamide and potassium source - potassium chloride - are used in amount of 5-7% and 5-6% of the dry mass of the sludge, respectively.
EFFECT: obtained granules contain a balanced set of nutrients in an easy-to-assimilate form for a wide range of crops.
2 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: sub-standard carbamide-formaldehyde resin after its service life with the help of composting in mixture with waste waters sludge - poultry manure, swine manure, cattle manure and wood chips can be used at the plants producing resins for chemical, wood-processing, furniture and construction industries.
EFFECT: possibility to utilise three types of wastes simultaneously: waste waters sludge, wood chips, resin obtained at production of resin-bonded chipboard and simplify, make cheaper the technology of obtaining organic-mineral fertilisers and improve the fertilising value of the end target product.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of agricultural production and can be applied in obtaining of soils. Method includes mixing of silt sediment with powder-like valley peat, introduction of natural soil, solid-phase fermentation and fractioning. As silt sediment applied is silt sediment of water preparation with humidity not more than 75% and milled to fraction 5-7 mm. Such silt sediment is preliminarily mixed with valley peat with humidity not more than 50%. Weight ratio silt sediment:valley peat, equals 1:(1.7-1.8). After that, fermentation of mixture is performed by its composting in piles with periodical tossing and mixing with obtaining biocompost with 50-55% humidity. Then, predrying of obtained biocompost to 20-25% humidity and its mixing with foundation pit soil based on integumentary and alluvial loam and fluvioglacial sends, are carried out. Weight ratio of foundation pit soil to the one, introduced for obtaining biocompost slit sediment of water preparing stations, equals (2.2.-2.3):1. Technogenic soil, obtained by claimed method, contains foundation pit soil in quantity 44-46 wt % and biocompost. Biocompost represents fermented mixture of valley peat and slit sediment of water preparing stations.
EFFECT: application of claimed soil ensures high germination of herbal mixtures on lawn.
4 cl, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used to process poultry droppings and pig manure. The method involves delivering components of the mixture to a platform with a solid coating, moulding two spaced-apart rollers from a water-absorbing agent at the platform, applying a layer of the water-absorbing agent and a layer of manure mass in the space between the rollers, selecting components of the mixture, mixing said components, stacking and subsequent natural composting of the obtained mixture. The water-absorbing agent used is chicken droppings with underlying material with moisture content 15-45%. The manure mass used is chicken droppings without underlying material with moisture content 50-75%. The components of the mixture also include pig manure with moisture content 70-96%. The layer of pig manure is placed on the layer of manure mass and said components are taken in weight ratio (0.9:1.2):(3.3:3.6):(1.1:1.4), respectively. Natural composting is carried out for not less than 30 days in the warm season and for not less than 90 days in the cold season. Initial heating of the mixture takes 7-10 days. During natural composting, the mixture is mixed at least twice. Composting is carried out in a pile.
EFFECT: invention enables to process chicken droppings with underlying material, chicken droppings without underlying material and pig manure into organic fertiliser, thus improving the environment when producing poultry and pig farming products.
2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecology and can be used in recycling wastewater sludge formed at city aeration stations. The method involves mixing wastewater sludge with storage life of less than 3 years with turf in volume ratio of 0.5:0.5 or 0.6:0.4, respectively. The obtained mixture undergoes aerobic composting in the presence of a biological activator in amount of not less than 15% of the volume of the compost mixture. The biological activator used in the compost mass is inoculating compost based on poultry droppings and microbial strains Bacillus subtilis B-168, Bacillus mycoides B-691, Streptomyces sp. Ac-154, Mukor psychrophilus F-1441, Candida utilis Y-2441 in amount of 1·106-1·107 cells per millilitre per ton of poultry droppings.
EFFECT: shorter composting time.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method lotus is grown in artificial conditions by selection of two containers one of which is placed in the other so that the inner container height is 10-30 cm less than the outer container height. At that in the inner container the planting ground is placed, in which lotus rhizomes are lowered to a depth of 5-15 cm. The soil surface is covered with the drain, which is used as a layer of washed river sand. A layer of fine washed stone with particle diameter of not more than 1 cm is applied on its top, then the container is filled with water. Planting and growing of lotuses in the container can be carried out throughout the year, regardless of the season.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the growth rate of lotus in artificial conditions by growing in containers.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of the sticker production containing seeds, in which the transfer paper 10 is prepared, on which a coating 11 is applied which is cut to a predetermined length, the adhesive layer 20 is formed by applying an adhesive on the coating 11 of the transfer paper 10, pelleted seeds 30 are prepared and placed at regular intervals on the adhesive layer 20; a layer of red soil 40 is placed on the pelleted seeds 30, the film 50 of water-soluble resin is attached to the layer of red soil 40 so that the edges of the film 50 are adhered to the adhesive layer 20, and the finished sticker with seeds is cut with the predetermined sizes and the desired shape. The identification code or radio frequency identification chip (RFID) may also be attached comprising information about the seed on the film, and attaching the identification code or an RFID chip is performed prior to cutting the finished sticker with seeds.
EFFECT: simplification of seed germination.
6 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of water soluble adhesive substance 3 is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser 4, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of water soluble adhesive substance is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. According to the second embodiment, the pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive substance and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1.
EFFECT: implementation extends the useful properties of the pot for growing sprouts.
SUBSTANCE: bed contains shelves located in parallel to one another, and mounting clips of the shelves position. The shelves are made in the form of cassettes which are taken at least two. Each cassette is additionally equipped with inter-cassette riser and is made of cylindrical shape. On the outer side of the cassettes at least three mounting clip are rigidly mounted symmetrically towards each other. Each of the clips is made in the form of rectangular protrusion with a through hole that is connected to the inter-cassette riser. The inter-cassette riser is a quadrangular plate, which width and thickness are 0.5-0.7 mm less than the inner size of the through hole in mounting clip for easy setting the inter-cassette riser. The inter-cassette riser has two trapezoidal limiters sharing the inter-cassette riser into three parts - lower, upper and middle. The lower part of the riser is connected to the bottom cassette with the through hole of the mounting clip. The lower trapezoidal limiter is designed to limit movement of the inter-cassette riser. After connecting the three inter-cassette risers with three mounting clips the upper parts of trapezoidal limiter are connected to the next cassette. The upper trapezoidal limiter is arranged to limit movement of the next cassette. Through holes are connected with inter-cassette risers in half. Free hollows of the second half of the mounting clip of the next cassette are connected with the next set of inter-cassette risers. The rest middle part of the inter-cassette riser between the trapezoid constraints with a height of trapezoid constraints forms the inner space with a height of 25-50 cm for providing light, irrigation and vertical growth of plants.
EFFECT: design has compactness, ease of maintenance and manufacturing.
SUBSTANCE: device includes two semi-membranes with a pair of holes oppositely placed at equal distances from the end, and a bottom. The semi-membranes are made cylindrical in shape so that assembly their arc length on both sides from the axis is longer than the length of the half-circle on the value of "A". On one side symmetrically outward from the axis there is a ""-shaped flange with length "2A", and the holes are made diametrically opposed on both sides, and the latches are inserted into them. The disk leans on the latches forming the bottom of the device.
EFFECT: device has a simple design, it is easy to disassemble, it enables to remove easily the soil with the plant and transfer it to the place of transplantation, and after disassembly the device requires little space for storage.
SUBSTANCE: container comprises a body. The body consists of a side wall and a bottom arranged with the possibility to contact with its end part, which are equipped with a facility to carry the body. The carrying facility is arranged in the form of several lengthy elements installed inside the body and pulled through holes formed in the bottom. A handle for gripping is formed at each of the specified elements at one end, and at the other end there is a fixator located outside the bottom. At least the side wall of the body is made of a tree trunk portion.
EFFECT: container is simple to make and ensures convenience of planting stock carrying to a destination point.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system may be used in agriculture, landscape gardening, arrangement of partitions, walls and paths in open areas and is suitable for use inside premises, shopping malls and offices. System comprises container in the form of parallelepiped with two separating walls, which form three chambers. Upper edge of each extreme chamber is equipped with cartridge, which forms a vertical channel. Lower end of cartridge goes outside the container bottom limits, has slightly smaller dimensions and is equipped with slot arranged along the whole perimetre. System comprises connectors for connection of adjacent containers in horizontal plane, base for arrangement of containers on soil, side support identical to upper edge of chamber, grid for collection of moisture on container bottom and provision of root system aeration, tray for collection of drained water, support element arranged with the possibility of installation in channel and support of profile for suspension and retention of shading grid or film, protective plastic coating for creation of greenhouse and/or installation of air irrigation system.
EFFECT: such design of the system makes it possible to grow crops on height and in vertical direction with the help of containers stacking on top of each other, and also provides for easy harvesting and increases crop capacity of area occupied by the system.
10 cl, 31 dwg