Floating island

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: floating island represents partially submerged volume structure made of floating facilities with positive bouyancy which are interconnected by means of flexible inextensible link and resilient damping link. Floating facilities are neighbouring each other and spaced in horizontal direction, and each one them represents volume hollow structure with side walls, bottom and roof which is base surface located above water for island infrastructure facilities to be installed on it. Each floating facility is made as hollow sealed block having positive bouyancy and shape of regular parallelepiped or regular prism with height less than length of any of base sides. Each wall of each floating facility facing wall of adjacent floating facility is connected with this wall by means of flexible inextensible link and resilient damping link throughout the length of this wall. The resilient damping link is made capable of damping in at least two mutually perpendicular directions.

EFFECT: reliability and durability of island, increased carrying capacity of island.

9 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the design of floating Islands, designed to contain objects of different purposes, including civil construction for residential, scientific, industrial, cultural, entertainment and recreational purposes. The invention relates to Oceanography and hydrology, in particular to surface drifting and stationary floating Islands, which can be used for diverse scientific studies on control, research and rescue services, as a seaside resort or recreation, and comfortable place of residence of a person in the ocean, etc.

The invention concerns the construction of floating Islands, formed on the basis of large floating platform.

Currently, the use of sea or ocean surface as the base surface to create floating Islands is relevant not only due to the fact that the earth is not enough space to address some of the projects, but also because the water of the sea or ocean is already a permanent and extremely powerful source of energy. The prospect of using water surface to create various sizes of structures may result in the creation of a new direction to the development of land. In this regard, has become known to design engineers�'erov and architects draw attention to themselves because of that the design of these Islands have not always use standard design solutions, and in most of these decisions are more similar to the construction of ships and other floating equipment. One of the main problems for these Islands is the exposure to floating Islands as a means of feedback on the behavior of the surface water layer. Excitement as a form of manifestation of the vibrational energy of a large water area are transferred to the floating means, causing him to some extent to repeat or respond to these fluctuations of water masses. This leads (even when calm surface of the water water - calm) to inconstancy stable position of the island. If the island is the main basis for the organization of residential or other infrastructure, we minimized the oscillations of the platform at a height of ten meters become noticeable fluctuation. For any architectural designs, which can be fitted above water surface floating Islands, such systematic fluctuations can affect the operational reliability of these structures. In this regard, in modern designs floating Islands provide mechanical means-dampers, which should stabilize on the horizon floating Islands. Such means-dampers stabilize the position of Ponton�th part of the island. For example, the side stabilizers provide the shifting of the island up and down and sideways, up and down relative to the horizon of the water environment and the waterline of the island and to absorb the energy of shock waves. Lower stabilizers ensure stability of the island and its specified operating position when the lateral and longitudinal rocking of the island, part of the stabilizers with the padding works as opposed to seeking to return to the original horizontal position of the island and its platform in the event of a roll Islands in the longitudinal and transverse directions. Given the limited capacity of such mechanical dampers for the construction of Islands to choose areas with the least perturbed by the waters of the state during the year and almost horizontal bottom topography beneath the island (to avoid inadvertent movement of the island relative to the calculated drift points).

For example, the famous (publ. application RU 2010146052, B63B 35/44, B63B 35/58, publ. 20.05.2012) floating island comprising a floating platform, with the upper sides of which are different blocks, and the bottom side of at least one of a bell with the Foucault pendulum mounted on the inner surface of the bell the electric power generator. The main difficulty in the creation of this structure are high demands kniznej of the base platform, do not allow the creation of large bearing loads directly on the floating island.

Also known (Patent RU 2457144, B63B 35/44, B63B 35/00, publ. 27.05.2012) floating island, which contains immersed into an aqueous medium a floating base, which is made of movably interconnected multiple parts. Each part of the base (waterproof protection) in conjunction with adjacent parts form an array and are made from reinforced heavy concrete. The island is equipped with bottom and side stabilizers that provide the calculated position and the stability of the island. However, complex structures and relationships of the Central and peripheral areas of the island with stabilizers is not allowed to create large floating island, reaching a size of several hectares and having high strength and durability.

Both of the known solutions are the floating Islands with small dimensions. The design of the Islands ensures the reliability of their functioning in relation to small mass loads on the upper tier of the platform. However, in the future, it is desirable to develop the concept of creating floating Islands of large areas. But for large Islands practice the use of stabilizers is not effective because the stabilizers are nodes with structural complexity and the�liczenie by the number on the perimeter of the big island or increase their size leads to the practical impossibility of establishing a system management (due to the fact, what are the dynamic characteristics of the upper layer water masses at different points may differ from each other both in magnitude and vector perturbations). It is therefore necessary to develop a new mechanism of stabilization of large area of floating Islands.

At the same time, researchers found that across the Pacific drifting garbage island the size of two of the state of Texas. And 80 percent of this island are plastic wastes (article "Floating island instead of floating garbage", http://www.novate.ru/blogs/140410/14531/). At this size this garbage island looks like an unresponsive to perturbations from the water surface of the ocean. The analysis of this condition shows that it is a result of the lack of direct rigid connections between the separate components of garbage on the island. These components (as separate things and separate accidentally United heap) are in direct interaction with the water surface and in response to perturbations undergo vibrational displacement in the direction of the vector perturbation. But in contact with the adjacent object or pile of garbage reaction to the disturbance ceases, and there is some stabilization. This stabilization keeps oscillating process, but it is not oscillatory process repeats waves. Thus, it can be seen that �ri the juxtaposition of two separate garbage heaps, each of which previously did move in accordance with the process of wave formation occurs cancel each other out separate movements with the formation of a new process of moving, but with a new reduced amplitude. This can be seen as a new stabilization mechanism in which the movement and vibrations of a single element in contact with another element, making movements and fluctuations lead to the formation of a new General process of moving, but with the characteristics of the processes. Such interaction with a large number of elements leads to vzaimosoedinenii total weight of the items by adding the displacement vectors and summation of the amplitudes of the oscillations.

This property was taken into account when creating floating dock terminal EN 2100249, B63B 35/44, publ. 27.12.1997 containing vessels, equipped with mooring devices and handling mechanisms, each floating means made in the form of a vessel, comprising a housing with cargo holds having bottom, side and deck slab and the superstructure, the upper deck ceiling which made the whole length of the vessel, the walls of the superstructure are made with a cargo port and is installed around the perimeter of openings of cargo holds, which is a continuation of airborne ne�of akriti and nejtronnyh partitions to form an additional bilge space, moreover, the inside of the superstructure is placed for loading and unloading mechanisms, in the form of girder bridge crane with consoles, guides are installed along a diametral plane of the vessel by the side walls of the superstructure, as mentioned console installed in the superstructure with the possibility of disclosure to mate with respective consoles bridge crane neighboring vessel, with the possibility of the formation of the transport system for loading and unloading.

In this floating dock means connected between a connecting node that provides compensation of displacements in three directions. In one embodiment it is made in the form of at least two elastic elements, and a flexible connection (such as cable, rope, etc.), the ends of which are secured to one of the abutting objects, and the middle part pivotally connected to the other of the abutting object, wherein the elastic elements are located on both sides of the splice, i.e. hook or bracket. To eliminate the influence of dynamic loads arising from the movement of the buoyant means relative to each other and/or relative to the base, such as for pitching, the ends of the flexible connection is spring-loaded relative to the ground and fastening.

This decision was made as a prototype for the declared object.

Despite the fact that the decision ol�dprint attempt at organizing the stabilization of the pier terminal, it does not give the same result could be obtained by excluding pier connection with the earth. Cancel each other out is a result of interaction with unrelated pillars of the pier. And the establishment of the connection with the earth leads to the formation of a support, that is, element, perceiving all movements (prop jet. In this regard, the movement of all vessels eventually transferred to the moored to land the craft. This is because the dock-terminal as the system is made of the open type, i.e. it has no external connection. And the processes of semistability inherent in closed systems, i.e. systems in which there is no possibility of energy transfer displacements and vibrations external to the body. In principle we can say that in this berth terminal the presence of the elastic ties provides rather not cancel each other out movements of individual vessels, and used to exclude the shock of interactions between the sides of adjacent floating equipment (elastic elements contact each other only at the moment of contact when approaching vessels).

In addition, in the known system the berth of the terminal vessels each made in the form of a vessel, comprising a housing with cargo holds having bottom, side and deck slab and executed with nadsroic�th, upper deck ceiling which made the whole length of the vessel. That is essentially floating craft is a boat or ship, having already in the design of a system providing buoyancy and saving vertical position (roll) and superstructure superstructure. Such floating equipment without alteration cannot be used as a building unit for the organization of floating Islands where the superstructure surface is used as reference surfaces for building structures.

For floating Islands, representing a closed system, there is no need for mechanical stabilization system of the whole platform, as these Islands area above deck surface at least an order of magnitude greater than the size of the ship. This leads to the fact that the island itself can be made in the form of prismatic object type, in which the transverse dimensions of founding an order of magnitude or more larger than the thickness of the island. This eliminates the need for a single rigid base, as it takes place on the ship (deck, hull), and allows the General grounds composite of many small floating elements, each of which has two related disposed floating element in the form of a flexible and inextensible with�yahzee and in the form of elastic damping connection. This allows not only to solve the stabilization problem of the island on the water surface, but also to establish the principle of increasing the area of the island due to the constant increase of the floating elements. In addition, there is the possibility of substantially increasing the carrying capacity of the island: it opens up possibilities for the creation of cities or close to urban infrastructure.

The present invention is directed to the achievement of the technical result consists in simplifying the design of the island while providing the opportunity to carry a payload corresponding to, for example, twice its own weight of the island, while ensuring operational reliability and durability, longevity in significant dimensions. This effect also can be formulated in a different form: increased strength and durability, as well as the buoyancy and stability of the island, while reducing the complexity (the complexity of the design) for its construction.

Said technical result is achieved in that the floating island, which is partially submerged three-dimensional structure made of floating funds with positive buoyancy, which are interconnected by a flexible inextensible connection and elastic damping connection, these vessels are �Mino in relation to each other and at a distance from each other in the horizontal direction and each of which represents a three-dimensional hollow construction with the side walls, a bottom and a roof, a base surface located above the water level, for mounting on her island objects of infrastructure, each floating tool is made in the form of a hollow sealed unit having a positive buoyancy and shape of a right parallelepiped or a right prism with a height less than the length of either side of the base, and each wall of each floating equipment, located in front of the wall is placed adjacent floating equipment connected to this wall by means of a flexible inextensible connection and elastic damping connection along the entire length of this wall, wherein said elastic damper linkage being configured to dampen at least two mutually perpendicular directions.

These features are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable combination of essential features sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention will be explained a specific example of execution, which, however, is not only possible, but clearly demonstrates the possibility of achieving the desired technical result.

Fig.1 - General view of the floating island.

Fig.2 - is a sectional view of the floating means is a hollow sealed unit;

Fig.3 - shows an example of a floating connection with�of edst among themselves for the formation of Islands on the water.

According to the present invention is considered new design floating Islands (Fig.1), which is a partially submerged three-dimensional structure having an underwater and above-water part. This three-dimensional structure is made from a number of floating equipment 1 made positive buoyancy. These boats are interconnected by a flexible inextensible connection and elastic damping connection. Flexible inextensible link is used to attach one craft to another with the possibility of free movement of both vessels relative to each other. The same relationship eliminates the possibility of disconnection of one floating equipment from another. In the island floating facilities are located adjacent to each other and at a distance from each other in the horizontal direction. Thus, all floating equipment related with the formation of an array in which all vessels form a single cohesive structure, but retain the possibility of free movement within the limits of which are determined by the length of flexible inextensible link. This system is flexible, as it can be increased in area by the addition of new (additional) floating equipment or to get rid of those floating equipment functioning are impaired or to reduce the total area of the system.

Each floating tool is a construction unit, connecting such units together to form an array of surface surfaces, which are used for placement (installation) of the 2 island infrastructure.

Each of the floating means is a three-dimensional hollow design with side walls 3, a bottom 4 and a roof 5, a base surface (deck, deck surface) and are located on level 6 of the water. Each craft is made in the form of a hollow sealed unit, for example, of reinforced concrete (as an example, monolithic). The internal volume of the specified block is divided by partitions into compartments 7 8, which are also bracing to reduce bending stresses (Fig.2). To reduce the Flexural deformations on the block can be formed ribs. These ribs on the horizontal surfaces of the blocks can be placed in mutually alternating directions: top and bottom at some distance from each other (stiffeners placed at a distance of at least 6 m top from bottom). Ribs can be placed (placed) in the following order relative to each other: on top of the upper horizontal surface and at some distance with a step in the direction of the lower horizontal surface of the bottom. The ribs can have units�stand structure.

The unit has positive buoyancy and shape of a right parallelepiped or a right prism with a height less than the length of either side of the base. The block is a correct three-dimensional shape and in the system of the island, it is preferable that all the blocks were the same as for construction (volume, size, and shape. It is the greatest best option, as it provides in the system homogeneity of oscillatory processes and the ability to predict the algorithm vsemogushaya oscillations between neighboring blocks.

In this system, the process of vsemogushaya oscillations between neighboring blocks is formed between the presence of damping blocks of communication. Each wall of each floating equipment, located in front of the wall is placed adjacent floating equipment connected to this wall not only through flexible inextensible link, but also elastic damping connection along the entire length of this wall. This elastic damping connection is capable of damping on at least two mutually perpendicular directions.

Elastic damping connection between the adjacent walls of the blocks may be made in the form of rubber elastic blocks 9, stowed and secured on the protruding above the water horizontal surfaces adjacent sealed hollow blocks and boat ride along� adjacent spaced walls. Such elastic blocks can be made of rubber in plates or in the form of mats and to close the space between the walls of adjacent blocks. As a result, as shown in Fig.3, the rubber elastic blocks are made in the form of bridges to transition from a horizontal surface of one surface of the hollow sealed unit surface on the other surface of the block.

Such elastic blocks performs two functions. The first is the connection between the blocks due to the fact that one edge of the rubber plate fixed on the surface of one block and the other edge of the rubber plate fixed on the surface of another adjacent block. The second is that due to the elastic characteristic of the material of the plates there is a possibility of bending, tension, compression and torsion in order to suppress the displacement of the block, due to the influence of the water masses of the surface layer of the sea or ocean. Since the block is partially submerged in water and thus has a positive buoyancy, it is subjected to surface waves and subsurface currents, which causes some oscillations of the block, repeating the algorithm of oscillation of the waves.

With this performance is ensured by the transfer of oscillatory process in which each individual unit (as a construction unit), on adjacent blocks, to�who are also in similar oscillatory processes. In this case, the part of energy is dissipated in elastic blocks, and the remainder as an oscillating function is formed with the same function of the adjacent block. With the addition of two inharmonious functions is the sum of the amplitudes, which yields a new oscillatory process with much smaller amplitudes. This forms the stabilization process. As in the Central (neprimerenog) part of the island each damper unit connected to four neighbouring blocks, with the addition of five inharmonious oscillatory functions is the sum of the amplitudes, leading to practical stabilization of the island.

For the island it is advisable to use standardized in size and displacement of the blocks to provide the same level of elevation for above-ground part of the island. In addition, uniform in size and displacement of the blocks provide similar fluctuations that can be predicted. To increase the degree of stabilization of each unit can be equipped with underwater by means of the stabilizer position.

Large floating island made of interconnected sets of blocks, forming an array of hollow blocks having the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped with a width and a long, considerably exceeding the height, geometric dimensions, provide�maintaining positive buoyancy of each block and the Islands in General. In the internal cavities of the hollow blocks placed residential and technical rooms, equipped sustain the island. In the internal cavities of the hollow blocks may be placed in the premises suitable for the home or use as research laboratories, manufacturing facilities, objects of cultural, entertainment and recreational facilities. The island is equipped with an Autonomous energy supply system to sustain and move the island in the specified directions on the water surface. Equipment sustain the Islands may include in its membership, including the drainage system, providing a forced reset of the condensation masses with the help of pumps. Autonomous energy supply system can be performed with the use of wave energy conversion, wind energy, energy from the Sun into electrical energy. Autonomous energy supply system can be, for example, hydropneumatic equipment located in the space between the hollow blocks and transformative move the blocks caused by the movement of the waves.

By this construction-strength calculations revealed block sizes most suitable for the planned use: block width of 40 meters, a length of 40 m�spectra, height of 4 meters. The thickness of the cast wall block 1 meter provides a functional use of the internal cavities of the blocks as residential and other premises. These dimensions and the execution of blocks of reinforced concrete allows each block and the island in General to carry a payload equal to at least twice its own weight of the block and consequently the island as a whole. Without load, the island has a design depth of immersion (sedimentation to a depth of 1 m, in the case of full strength (loading) immersion depth is 2 m. Moreover, having at least 1600 m2useful area on a horizontal surface of the block, the Schedulable objects and buildings can be placed directly on the surface of the island. There are plants with solar panels to convert solar energy into electrical energy, as well as the tower wind turbines to convert the energy of air masses (wind) into electrical. The use of windmills and solar panels to produce electrical energy and reliable maintenance of the autonomy of the floating Islands are made on the basis of standard equipment and is overlapping for different weather conditions (wind, sea state, accompanied by strong winds).

The blocks are interconnected by elements of CBE�and, must be at a distance of from 0.2 m to 0.4 m from each other. The specified distance due to the above sizes of blocks from the calculation of the maximum possible deviation of the block under the influence of the incident wave. In order to use the deviation of the outer rows, between their outer walls and the outer walls of both the following ranks have hydropneumatic equipment that converts reciprocating motion relative movement between the walls of adjacent blocks into electrical energy. All units are self-contained. Assembly (coupling) of the island is the bond between a damping elements are lowered one after the other blocks. In case you need any of the units, internal or external, can be detached and sunk when needed. This is done in the following way: the elements connecting (bonding) between the blocks are detached from the unit which is subject to flooding. Further disrupted the integrity of the unit by opening the special hatches, locks or mechanical destruction of the lower part of the block. Getting in the internal cavity, the water affects positive buoyancy and stability of the unit, and it slowly sinks to the bottom. In the absence of the need for flooding the unit can be left to drift. To prevent unauthorized�flooding CSO platform on the whole or part of the equipment of maintaining the life of the island may include in its membership including the drainage system, located in the inner cavities of the blocks and providing a forced reset of the condensation masses with the help of pumps.

1. Floating island, which is partially submerged three-dimensional structure made of floating funds with positive buoyancy, which are interconnected by a flexible inextensible connection and elastic damping connection, these vessels are located adjacent to each other and at a distance from each other in the horizontal direction and each of which represents a three-dimensional hollow design with side walls, a bottom and a roof, a base surface located above the water level for the installation of island infrastructure, wherein each craft is made in the form of a hollow sealed unit having a positive buoyancy and shape of a right parallelepiped or a right prism with a height less than the length of either side of the base, and each wall of each floating equipment, located in front of the wall is placed adjacent floating equipment connected to this wall by means of a flexible inextensible connection and elastic damping connection along the entire length of this wall, wherein said elastic damper linkage configured to zenfirova�Oia at least two mutually perpendicular directions.

2. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that the specified block is made of concrete.

3. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that the internal volume of the specified block is divided by partitions into compartments.

4. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with an Autonomous energy supply system to sustain and move on the water surface.

5. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastic damping connection in the form of metal, rubber elastic blocks laid with ends and fixed to the protruding above the water horizontal surfaces adjacent sealed hollow blocks adjacently located along their walls.

6. Floating island according to claim 5, characterized in that the rubber elastic blocks are made in the form of bridges to transition from a horizontal surface of one surface of the hollow sealed unit surface on the other surface located adjacent the hollow sealed unit.

7. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that it is provided with a rubber elastic shock absorbers disposed between adjacent spaced walls of the sealed hollow blocks.

8. Floating island according to claim 1, characterized in that on horizontal surfaces sealed hollow blocks made of ribs.

9. PL�vuci island according to claim 1, wherein said sealed hollow blocks are made with means to attach and detach from each other.



 

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SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating craft, particularly, to pontoons, floating docks and rafts. Floating platform comprises at least two flowing elements interconnected by at least one lock and composed by two sides with at least one vertical ledge at every said side and at least one vertical recess mating said ledge. Top face and bottom make hollow hull. Vertical ledge features narrowed part changing over in widened to make bearing plate. Vertical recess features narrowed part changing over into part widened towards the center to make bearing plate. One of said sides has locking element covering from above said ledge and bearing ledge on opposite side from said ledge. Support flange for locking element on side, on both sides of vertical ledge. Extra external ledge is made on side between vertical ledges.

EFFECT: increased displacement and tonnage at unchanged overall dimensions.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: floating structure consists of floating elements made, preferably, from steel. Every floating element has double bottom and double walls intended for jointing with other floating elements, said double walls penetrating inside the element for a certain distance. Tubular channels are arranged in parallel and spaced apart inside double bottom and double wall cavity and run from cavity inner end surface and perpendicular to its outer surface, i.e. surface of jointing with other element. Aforesaid cavity and that outside tubular channels is filled with pressure resistant material, preferably, concrete. Tensioning steel ropes or rods and the line elements are arranged inside tubular channels to run from element inner end surface to appropriate inner end surface of second element to allow tubular channels to be filled with concrete after assembly and tensioning of said steel ropes and the lime elements.

EFFECT: reduced time of assembly, production of floating elements that can be carried in channels and rivers to allow their assembly at sea area with limited sitting.

10 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of sea transportation of heavy outsised cargo. Marine cargo vessel has two rigidly connected bodies, cable weight-lifting equipment, ballast system and pneumatic fenders arranged on vessel bodies. Vessel bodies are arranged in the form of pontoons, which are tightly separated by strong partitions into compartments and connected to each other with the help of support platform. Platform is installed on at least four cylindrical supports arranged on pontoons. Supports are arranged in the form of system of telescopic cylinders, which are connected by pipelines with discharge hydraulic system installed in vessel. Supports are arranged with the possibility of both simultaneous displacement of all telescopic cylinders and their displacement relative to each other. Ballast system comprises tight compartments of vessel body pontoons equipped with sea inlets. Vessel is equipped with propelling-steering complex, power plant, is equipped with sensor of object position relative to soil, clinometre, trim metre, tracking system and control station arranged on support platform.

EFFECT: increased safety and reliability of process of lifting and loading of sunk outsised vessel, and also provides for cargo detachment from soil that sucked it down.

6 cl, 3 dwg

Hitch modular ship // 2048375
The invention relates to shipbuilding, mainly to camerascreen, and for the design of couplers modular fire boats and tugs

FIELD: shipbuilding.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of sea transportation of heavy outsised cargo. Marine cargo vessel has two rigidly connected bodies, cable weight-lifting equipment, ballast system and pneumatic fenders arranged on vessel bodies. Vessel bodies are arranged in the form of pontoons, which are tightly separated by strong partitions into compartments and connected to each other with the help of support platform. Platform is installed on at least four cylindrical supports arranged on pontoons. Supports are arranged in the form of system of telescopic cylinders, which are connected by pipelines with discharge hydraulic system installed in vessel. Supports are arranged with the possibility of both simultaneous displacement of all telescopic cylinders and their displacement relative to each other. Ballast system comprises tight compartments of vessel body pontoons equipped with sea inlets. Vessel is equipped with propelling-steering complex, power plant, is equipped with sensor of object position relative to soil, clinometre, trim metre, tracking system and control station arranged on support platform.

EFFECT: increased safety and reliability of process of lifting and loading of sunk outsised vessel, and also provides for cargo detachment from soil that sucked it down.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: floating structure consists of floating elements made, preferably, from steel. Every floating element has double bottom and double walls intended for jointing with other floating elements, said double walls penetrating inside the element for a certain distance. Tubular channels are arranged in parallel and spaced apart inside double bottom and double wall cavity and run from cavity inner end surface and perpendicular to its outer surface, i.e. surface of jointing with other element. Aforesaid cavity and that outside tubular channels is filled with pressure resistant material, preferably, concrete. Tensioning steel ropes or rods and the line elements are arranged inside tubular channels to run from element inner end surface to appropriate inner end surface of second element to allow tubular channels to be filled with concrete after assembly and tensioning of said steel ropes and the lime elements.

EFFECT: reduced time of assembly, production of floating elements that can be carried in channels and rivers to allow their assembly at sea area with limited sitting.

10 cl, 11 dwg

Floating platform // 2509025

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating craft, particularly, to pontoons, floating docks and rafts. Floating platform comprises at least two flowing elements interconnected by at least one lock and composed by two sides with at least one vertical ledge at every said side and at least one vertical recess mating said ledge. Top face and bottom make hollow hull. Vertical ledge features narrowed part changing over in widened to make bearing plate. Vertical recess features narrowed part changing over into part widened towards the center to make bearing plate. One of said sides has locking element covering from above said ledge and bearing ledge on opposite side from said ledge. Support flange for locking element on side, on both sides of vertical ledge. Extra external ledge is made on side between vertical ledges.

EFFECT: increased displacement and tonnage at unchanged overall dimensions.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Floating platform // 2518779

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: floating platform contains connected by at least one fixing element at least two floating elements each one of which consist of two side faces with at least one vertical projection on each of them with at least one vertical recess on each of them matching vertical projection. Vertical projection is made with narrowed portion changing into widened towards periphery portion to form supporting pad. Vertical recess features narrowed portion changing over into part widened towards the centre to from resting pad. On one of side faces at both sides of vertical projection there are flanges being supporting for corresponding fixing element. On the second side face at both sides of vertical projection there are two projections: one is at one side of this vertical projection and at least enveloping at least from above the corresponding fixing element, and the other is at other side of this vertical projection and at least supporting for corresponding fixing element. These two projections are parts of mating sockets of corresponding fixing elements.

EFFECT: higher reliability, enhanced operational functionality due to increased displacement and bearing capacity of platform.

3 cl, 5 dwg

Floating island // 2545128

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: floating island represents partially submerged volume structure made of floating facilities with positive bouyancy which are interconnected by means of flexible inextensible link and resilient damping link. Floating facilities are neighbouring each other and spaced in horizontal direction, and each one them represents volume hollow structure with side walls, bottom and roof which is base surface located above water for island infrastructure facilities to be installed on it. Each floating facility is made as hollow sealed block having positive bouyancy and shape of regular parallelepiped or regular prism with height less than length of any of base sides. Each wall of each floating facility facing wall of adjacent floating facility is connected with this wall by means of flexible inextensible link and resilient damping link throughout the length of this wall. The resilient damping link is made capable of damping in at least two mutually perpendicular directions.

EFFECT: reliability and durability of island, increased carrying capacity of island.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to connection of ribbon bridge links and ferries. Method includes bringing together cable 8, wound on drum 7, mating and mated units being moved from one level to another - a broken arm 3 and fix its end to axis 4 in support 5, and then continue to pull together links. At contact of one arm of stop 6 other arm continues to turn about axis 4, link is automatic levelling in height by lifting of one and immersion of other link. After final approach links their fixed by fixing cable drum 7 and 8, at ends of arms of lever 3 or 4 on axis can be a clamp for partial unloading cable 8.

EFFECT: technical result-reduction of time connection links, possibility of guidance of crossing across river at high its flow rate and improved operational characteristics of link.

9 cl, 7 dwg

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