Electronic system, basic component and electronic unit suitable for said electronic system

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electronic engineering. The electronic system comprises at least a basic component, a power supply and at least one electronic unit configured to be powered by the power supply. The basic component is provided with at least two parallel extended electroconductive guides. At least one parameter of the electronic unit can be varied by varying the distance from the electronic unit to a predetermined position on the guides.

EFFECT: easier control of a parameter of the electronic unit.

12 cl, 14 dwg

 

AREA of TECHNOLOGY

The invention relates to an electronic system that contains at least a base portion, a power source and at least one electronic module, with power supply from the power source.

PRIOR art

In such an electronic system, which is known from the application WO2008/012702 filed by the present applicant, the base part is provided with a certain number of primary coils, while the electronic module is supplied by the secondary coil. The electronic module can be placed on the base part, in this case, energy is transferred from the primary coil to the secondary coil to power the light element of the electronic module. The disadvantage of this known system is that for the user it is difficult to change the light output of the element to be able to extinguish the light.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of the INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide an electronic system which enables easy and intuitive the parameter change of the electronic module.

This object is achieved by means of an electronic system according to the invention in which the base part is provided with at least two elongated parallel running rails, which are electrically conductive, in which �on at least one parameter of the electronic module can be changed by changing the distance from the electronic module to the predetermined location on the rails.

When the user moves the electronic module along the guide rails in such a way that its distance to the predetermined location on the rails changes, he will notice that the parameter of the electronic module has changed. The parameter may, for example, be an output of the electronic module. In the case where the electronic module contains a light element, the user will notice that the further electronic module is from a pre-defined location on the guide, the less light will be emitted luminous element, as less power is transmitted to the electronic module. Through the electronic system according to the invention is achieved intuitive control of output power. Can also change other settings such as the color of the light, the sound volume of the audio device and the temperature.

Embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the electronic module has at least two contact elements, each of which is arranged to interact with one of the guides in a variety of locations along the rails, wherein the parameter is the power supplied to the electronic module, which decreases with increasing distance to the predetermined location �and guides.

Power can be transmitted to the electronic module from the power source along the guide rails or can be transmitted to the electronic element of the electronic module by means of a battery of the electronic module.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that in a predefined location guides connected to a power source and each guide rail has a relatively high electrical resistance of at least 1 Ohm/square, whereby the power supplied to the electronic module, decreases with increasing distance of the electronic module to the power source.

Due to the relatively high electrical resistance of at least 1 Ohm/square and preferably within the range of 1 to 5 Ohms/square, the power supplied to the electronic module, will automatically be reduced by increasing the distance to the location in which the guides are connected to a power source. The user will intuitively, the farther the electronic module is from the power source, the less power will be available to the electronic module.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the electronic system is provided with a management tool d�I calculate the electrical resistance between the electronic module and a predefined location along the guide rails, to determine the position of the electronic module on the rails and to modify at least one parameter of the electronic module, depending on the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails.

Using a known voltage on the rails and measuring the current, the electrical resistance can be easily calculated. Based on the calculated electrical resistance can be determined from the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails, and this setting can be changed. This implementation option is particularly suitable for guides with a relatively low electrical resistance, and pre-specified location does not necessarily correlate to the location in which the guides are connected to a power source, but can be chosen by the person who installs the electronic system. Predefined location will be chosen so that it was logical and intuitive for the user. In the case where the electronic module contains a light element, for example, it is possible to provide a light element more power by placing the electronic module further from the window. Also the variable intensity control on the electronic module Il� in the power source can be activated on the basis of the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails.

The power will be transmitted to the electronic module by means different from the guides.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the parameter of the electronic module, which is a power color, color temperature, hue or saturation, etc., may be changed by means of control depending on the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails.

Any parameter of the electronic module can be selected to change a management tool, in this case the parameter will be changed by changing the distance from the electronic module to the predetermined location. Also, these changes can be selected as logical for the user. For example, the brighter the light source, the higher the color temperature, the greater the distance to a predetermined location, the less saturation, etc., the color may change following the colors of the rainbow, changing from red to orange, yellow, green, blue and purple, as the removal of the electronic module from a predetermined location.

An additional embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the power source contains op�adelene the number of primary coils, located along at least one of the guides, while the electronic module comprises a secondary coil that interacts with at least one of the primary coils.

Thus, the power will be transferred through induction.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the power electronic module decreases linearly with increasing distance to the predetermined location on the rails.

This linear reduction would seem logical to the user. However, if required, it is also possible to have another link between capacity and distance in the case when using the management tool.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that each guide contains a film of indium tin oxide (ITO).

This film is transparent and nearly invisible to the user, so that it will not spoil the appearance of the wall or the device is attached to the base part. This provides more freedom in the design of electronic systems. Moreover, if the guides are well visible, the user can have the feeling that touch guides unsafe or dangerous. However, in the case when a low voltage is used, not� risk the user will receive an electric shock. Through the use of almost invisible guides that feeling of the user is reduced. ITO has a relatively high electrical resistance that is it very suitable to determine the position of the electronic module relative to a predetermined location.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the base part and the electronic module is magnetically attached to each other with the possibility of separation.

Thus, the electronic module can be easily moved relative to the base part.

Another embodiment of the electronic system according to the invention is characterized in that the electronic module contains a light element.

The luminous element can be easily dimmed by placing the electronic module to a different position on the rails.

BRIEF description of the DRAWINGS

The invention is further illustrated by a description of preferred embodiments of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig.1 shows a General view of an electronic system according to the invention,

Fig. 2A and 2B depict a side view and top view, respectively, of the electronic system shown in Fig.1,

Fig.3 of Fig�AET cross section of the electronic system, it is shown in Fig.1,

Fig.4 depicts a schematic view of the operating principles of the electronic system shown in Fig. 1-3,

Fig.5 depicts a cross section of another embodiment of an electronic system according to the invention,

Fig.6 depicts a top view of the electronic system shown in Fig.1 or 5, showing the attenuation of the light emitted by an electronic module,

Fig.7 depicts a General view of another electronic system according to the invention containing multiple guides

Fig.8 depicts a General view of the use of an electronic system according to the invention,

Fig. 9-11 depict top views of three additional embodiments of an electronic system according to the invention,

Fig. 12A and 12B depict top views of an electronic system according to the invention with different orientations of the electronic module relative to the guides.

Similar parts are designated by the same reference positions on the figures.

DESCRIPTION of PREFERRED embodiments of the INVENTION

Fig. 1, 2A, 2B and 3 depict various views of an electronic system 1 according to the invention. Electronic system 1 comprises a base part 2 and the electronic module 3. The base part 2 is provided with a supporting element 4 and two longitudinal 5 films of ITO. Film 5 are parallel to each other and near one edge under�mediately to the power source 6. The power source 6 may contain a battery or may be a low voltage source connected to the electricity grid.

The electronic module contains 3 light element 7 located on the rails 5 by means of prop 8.

Fig.3 depicts a cross section of an electronic system 1 according to the invention. The bearing element 4 of the base part 2 is provided with a ferromagnetic layer 9 located under the guide rails 5. Electronic module 3 is provided with two contact elements 10 which are spaced from each other, which is almost equal to the distance between the Central axes of the strips 5. The contact elements 10 are connected to the light element 7 by means of wires 11. Between the contacting elements 10 is a permanent magnet 12. Electronic module 3 is attached to the base part 2 with the possibility of separation by magnetic forces between the permanent magnet 12 and the ferromagnetic layer 9. By attaching the electronic module 3 to the base part 2 of the contact elements 10 are arranged opposite the guide rails 5 and are electrically connected with them. The guides 5 and the electronic module 3 may include mechanical means for orientation of the electronic module 3 relative to the guides. It is also possible to provide the electronic module 3 multiple contact elements 10(see Fig. 12A and 12B) so that each contact element 10 are in contact with the rail 5 or any of the guides 5, but never with both guides. Through the use of the electronic circuit short-circuit between the two contact elements 10 on the rail 5 can be easily prevented.

The electrical resistance of the guides 5 are relatively high, for example, 1 to 5 Ohms/square, so the placement of the electronic module 3 at a greater distance from the source 6 power will automatically lead to less power transmitted to the electronic module 3, and therefore a smaller amount of light emitted by the luminous element 7.

Fig.4 schematically depicts an electronic system 1 according to the invention. As will be understood, the greater the distance L, the greater will be the resistance Rtrack the guides 5. For example, use the ITO film having a thickness of 240 nm, a width W of 4 cm and the resistivity Rsquare 5 Ohms/square. The optical transmittance of the ITO film is 80%. In this example, the minimum length L of the guide is 5 cm and the maximum length L - 100 cm

Resistance Rtrack can be calculated as follows:

Rtrack = Rsquare * the length L and width W.

This means that the resistance Rtrack is 6.25 Ohms, if the length L=0.05 m, and Rtrack is 125 Ohms, if the lengths� L=1 m. The luminous element 7 has a resistance Rlamp 54 Ohms, for example. If the low voltage of 24 V is applied through the power source 6, the current I through the light element 7 will be 24/(2*6,25 + 54)=0,36 And for L=0.05 m and 24/(2* 125+54)= 0,08 And for L=l m. Power Plamp supplied to the luminous element 7, is I*I*Rlamp and will be 7,03 W for L= 0.05 m and 0.34 W for L=l m.

Thus, more light is emitted by a light element 7 for L=0.05 m, than for L=l m, as shown schematically in Fig.6.

Fig.5 depicts a cross section of a second embodiment of the electronic system 21 according to the invention. Electronic system 21 includes a base portion 22 and the electronic module 23. The base part 22 is provided with a supporting element 24 and two longitudinal 25 films of ITO. Film 25 are parallel to each other and near one end is connected to an optional power source (not shown). The base part 22 is further provided with a certain number of primary coils 26 located beneath the guide rails 25 in a row parallel to the guide rails 25, and fed by the source of power for the electricity grid.

Electronic module 23 contains luminous element 27 located on the rails 25 by means of a support 28. Electronic module 23 is provided with two contact elements 30 which are spaced from each other, which is almost equal to R�sostoyaniu between the Central axes of the strips 25. The contact elements 30 connected to the means 31 of the control. Electronic module 23 is also provided with a secondary coil 32 located between the contacting elements 30. The secondary coil 32 and the light element 27 is connected to the means 31 of the control. In the case when the base portion 22 extends horizontally, the electronic module 23 may with the possibility of separation to sit on and connect to the base part 22 by gravity. By locating and attaching the electronic module 23 to the base portion 22 of the contact elements 30 are located opposite the guide 25 and is electrically connected thereto. By the means 31 of the control can be computed position of the electronic module 23 relative to a predetermined location on the rails 25, for example, on the basis of the applied voltage and measured current. Power will be transferred to the primary coils 26 of the secondary coil 29. On the basis of the distance to the predetermined location of the required amount of power is transmitted to the light element 27 by means 31 of the control. By the means 31 of the control can also change other parameters of the light element 27, such as color, color temperature, hue, saturation, etc.

Fig.7 depicts a General view of the third variant is�the implementation of the electronic system 41 according to the invention, contains the base portion 42 and two electronic module 43. The base part 42 is provided with a supporting element 44 and by a set of parallel guide rails 45, connected near one end to a source 46 of nutrition. Each electronic module 43 will interact with two adjacent guide rails 45 to feed energy.

Fig.8 depicts the use of an electronic system 1 according to the invention, in which the rails 5 mounted on the table 51. The user can move the electronic module 3 from left to right, thereby automatically causing a change in the amount of light emitted.

Fig.9 depicts an embodiment of the electronic system 61 according to the invention containing two bearings 65 on which is mounted the electronic module 63 with a luminous element 67. Electronic module 63 can be moved along the rails 65 in the directions indicated by a double arrow P1. Electronic system 61 further comprises a source 66 supply via module 68 power on the rails 65. Module 68 can be moved along the rails 65 in the directions indicated by a double arrow P2. Between the module 68 power and electronic module 63 has the circuit 69 power. Electronic module 63 or module 68 power is supplied by a management tool to calculate the electrical resistance upravlyaushih between the module 68 power and electronic module 63, to be able to determine the distance between the module 68 power and electronic module 63. The user can change the position of the electronic module 63, and the position of the module 68 power to change the distance between them and modify the parameter of the electronic module 63.

Fig.10 depicts an embodiment of the electronic system 71 according to the invention containing two guides 75 on which is mounted the electronic module 73 with a luminous element 77. Electronic module 73 can be moved along guide rails 75 in the directions indicated by a double arrow P1. Electronic module 73 further comprises a source 76 of nutrition. Electronic system 71 further comprises a module 78 management, which can move along the rails 75 in the directions indicated by a double arrow P3. Between the module 78 control and electronic module 73 has the circuit 79 power. Electronic module or module 73 78 control is equipped with a management tool to calculate the electrical resistance of the guides 75 between the module 78 control and electronic module 73, to be able to determine the distance between the module 78 control and electronic module 73. The user can change the position of the electronic module 73, and the position of the module 78 control to change the distance between them and change the parameter e�e-module 73.

Fig.11 depicts an embodiment of the electronic system 81 according to the invention containing two guides 85 on which is mounted the electronic module 83 with a luminous element 87. Electronic module 83 can be moved along guide rails 85 in the directions indicated by a double arrow P1. Electronic module 83 further comprises a source 86 of nutrition. Two parallel guide rails 85 are connected to each other with one edge 88. Between the edge 88 and an electronic module 83 has the circuit 89 power. Electronic module 83 is provided with a management tool to calculate the electrical resistance of the guides 85 between the edge 88 and an electronic module 83, to be able to determine the distance between the edge 88 and an electronic module 83. The user can change the position of the electronic module 83 to vary the distance between the edge 88 and an electronic module 83 and change the parameter of the electronic module 83.

It is also possible to use guides that contain other materials, such as gold, silver, etc., having a relatively low electrical resistance.

Electronic module 23 may include other electronic components such as an audio device in which the sound volume of the audio device is changed when you change the distance to the predetermined location on the direction�ing.

1. An electronic system that contains at least a base portion, a power source and at least one electronic module, with power supply from the power source, characterized in that the base part is provided with at least two elongated parallel running rails, which are electrically conductive, and at least one parameter of the electronic module is modifiable by changing the distance from the electronic module to the predetermined location on the rails.

2. The electronic system according to claim 1, characterized in that the electronic module has at least two contact elements, each of which is arranged to interact with one of the guides in a variety of positions along the guide, wherein the parameter is the power supplied to the electronic module, and the power decreases with increasing distance to the predetermined location on the rails.

3. The electronic system according to claim 2, characterized in that the predetermined location guides connected to a power source and each guide rail has a relatively high electrical resistance of at least 1 Ohm/square, whereby the power supplied electric�nomu module, decreases with increasing distance of the electronic module to the power source.

4. The electronic system according to claim 1, characterized in that the electronic system is provided with control means for calculating the electrical resistance between the electronic module and pre-defined location on the guide to determine the position of the electronic module on the rails and to modify at least one parameter of the electronic module, depending on the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails.

5. The electronic system according to claim 4, characterized in that the parameter of the electronic module, which is a power color, color temperature, hue or saturation, and the like, may be changed by means of control depending on the distance between the calculated position and the predefined location on the rails.

6. The electronic system according to claims.4 or 5, characterized in that the power source contains a number of primary coils located along at least one of the guides, while the electronic module comprises a secondary coil that interacts with at least one of the primary coils.

7. The electronic system according to any of claims.1-5, characterized in that the powerful�St', supplied electronic module, decreases linearly with increasing distance to the predetermined location on the rails.

8. The electronic system according to any of claims.1-5, characterized in that each guide contains a film of indium tin oxide (ITO).

9. The electronic system according to any of claims.1-5, characterized in that the base part and the electronic module is magnetically attached to each other with the possibility of separation.

10. The electronic system according to any of claims.1-5, characterized in that the electronic module contains a light element.

11. The base part is suitable for the electronic system according to any one of the preceding claims.1-10.

12. Electronic module suitable for an electronic system according to any one of claims.1-10.



 

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FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.

SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.

EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.

SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.

EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.

3 cl, 16 dwg

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