Device for water lifting

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises an air chamber (1), a tight vessel (3), installed below the level of water surface of a water supply source, an additional tight vessel (8), an air pipeline (4), which connects the chamber (1) with the upper part of the vessel (3), two mixers-batchers, the first (5(I)) of which is installed on the water surface of the power supply source, and the second (5(II)) and the connected end of an injection pipeline (7) are placed in the vessel (3), and supply (6) and lifting (9) pipelines. The first mixer-batcher (5(I)) and the lower part of the vessel (3) are connected with the pipeline (6). The second mixer-batcher (5(II)) and the lower part of the vessel (8) are connected with the pipeline (7). The lower end of the lifting pipeline (9) is introduced into the vessel (8) with installation of the cut above the cut of the pipeline (7). The pipeline (7) is equipped with an upright section (10) placed above the vessel (8). The chamber (1) is a hollow stiff or air-supported (inflated) item with low air permeability. The objective of the invention is hidden watering of decorative plants to due suction of a flow of alternating portions of water and air of low density at night time into a vessel (3) embedded into water or earth, where water and air are separated, spending one part of the air arriving to the vessel (3) for compensation of air leak via a thin shell of the chamber (1), conversion of the other part of air and water accumulated in the vessel (3) at day time into a flow of alternating portions of air and water of higher density, which is supplied into the watering point, and release of unused air portion into atmosphere upon completion of accumulated water drain, and the chamber (1) has the shape that performs the decorative function (statue, inflated figure, decorative stone).

EFFECT: expanded field of device application.

6 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to devices for lifting water, driven by solar energy, and is intended for watering plants, allows hidden from the eyes, watering of ornamental plants from an open water source and the decoration of places of public recreation.

Known solar pump Mucho (see the Internet search engine Yandex. Pump Mucho). This device has a sealed conical vessel, continuing into the tube immersed in the water. In the lower part of the tube set to the first valve, leaking water up and do not let down. Above the valve pipe is connected with a lateral outgrowth from which rises a second elbow pipe connected at its upper end to the water storage. This knee is installed at the bottom of the second valve, leaking water up and do not let down. The device is based on heating the air in a cone-shaped vessel of the sun and cooling down the evaporation of water, followed by expansion and contraction of the air, which are used as a piston pump for raising water to a certain height.

The lack of pump Mucho is to use valves containing friction surfaces. This reduces the reliability of his work.

In addition, the pump Mucho raises the water at a relatively low height of five feet

In addition, the cone-shaped receptacle of the pump Mucho impossible to shape, creating the visual image of part of the decor. For this reason, it is not ensured watering of ornamental plants is hidden.

In addition, during the process of cooling air in a cone-shaped vessel, the pressure inside the vessel takes the value below atmospheric. For this reason, you cannot use a cone-shaped vessel with a thin shell.

A device for lifting water containing a lifting pipe with mixer having a duct and the suction nozzle (patent US 3694106, publ. 1972).

The disadvantage of this device is the need for forced air supply to the mixer through the use of industrial energy sources.

A device for lifting water (patent RU 2215196, publ. 2003), which is a set of attributes is the closest analogue of the claimed invention. This device includes an inlet and discharge pipes. It comprises a sealed vessel, performing the function of the hydro-pneumatic accumulator, in which the ends of the inlet and discharge pipes. Cut the inlet pipe located in the upper part of the vessel. Cut the discharge pipe placed at the bottom of the vessel. Water flows by gravity from the source connected to the supply pipe agolove�. The parameters of the intake and inlet pipe are selected such that the tube formed aerated stream of water, i.e. there was a leak in the water flow of air formed by a hollow. On this basis headroom performs the function of the mixer-dispenser. Once in the vessel, aerated flow of water is divided into water that accumulates at the bottom of the vessel, and the air that is above the water. In the wall of the injection tube at a height above the cutoff of the supply pipe, a hole. The proceeds of the water and air discharge pipe respectively through the lower section and the hole in the wall of the column of water in the discharge pipe is divided into alternating each other portions of water and air, forming water-and-pillar that is moved by air pressure up. According to this feature in the lower section of the discharge pipe and the hole in the wall function of the second divider.

The obstacles to achieve specified below, a technical effect when using this device, is the impossibility of its use for lifting water from a reservoir, in which there is no difference in water levels.

The technical result obtained by carrying out the claimed invention is to provide a hide irrigation of ornamental plants usually grown on small land� areas of urban and rural areas, designed to stay (in the flower bed, Alpine hill, on the shores of the ornamental pond, artificial floating (floating island), in containers installed at several levels above the free surface of an open water source), giving the air chamber, which is included with the device for lifting water, form, performs a decorative function (gourmet, velichestvennoi statue in an antique style, decorative stone, bright inflatable figures in the form of a fairy tale character or an arbitrary image), and autopackage air to the air chamber, which may comprise a thin-walled rigid (non-inflatable) or inflatable (inflatable) membrane with low permeability.

Said technical result is achieved in that the device for lifting water containing flexible inlet and discharge piping, pressure-tight vessel, performing the function of the hydro-pneumatic accumulator, in which the lower end of the inlet conduit and the first end of the discharge duct, and two divider, the first of which is connected to the upper end of the inlet pipeline and installed on the water surface of a water supply source, and the second is mounted in a hermetically sealed vessel with connection to a discharge conduit, and a sealed vessel clamping�Yeon below the level of the water surface of a water supply source, according to the invention it is equipped with an air chamber, which is installed on the ground, open to the sun, flexible air duct connecting the inlet to the air chamber with the upper part of the cavity of the sealed vessel, a flexible lifting pipe, the upper end of which is connected to the point of watering the plants, additional hermetic vessel in which is placed the lower end of the lift conduit and the second end of the discharge piping, cut the inlet pipeline is installed in the lower part of the cavity of the main hermetic vessel, an additional hermetically sealed vessel slice of the lifting pipe is installed above the cutoff discharge conduit, the discharge line is equipped vertical section mounted on the additional hermetic vessel. Each mixer-dispenser comprises a tube of small diameter, a pipe with a larger diameter, which is equipped with a sinker and float housing, the top of which is placed a portion of the small diameter pipe, the other two parts which are unequal in length and extend outward from opposite sides of the float housing. Protruding outward longest part of the small diameter pipe is connected to the end of a pipe of larger diameter, the second end of which is in the first mixer-dispenser connected to the upper end of the inlet pipeline,�Eden in the lower part of the float housing. In the lowermost part of the float blocks of the first divider installed second sinker. In the second mixer-dispenser second end of the pipe of larger diameter is connected to the discharge end of the pipe inserted in the lower portion of the float body. In the lowermost part of the float housing of the second divider installed sinker backup.

Compensation of leakage of air through the shell of the air chambers is provided, first of all, thanks to the selection of the parameters of mixers and dispensers such that in the supply piping is formed a flow of alternating portions of water and air, the density of which is less than the density of the flow of alternating portions of water and air in the discharge piping, and, secondly, the equipping of the second divider sinker-prop. If you meet these requirements, the entry is made in the main pressurized vessel ballast air, part of which passes to the air chamber, compensating for leakage of air from it, and the other part comes from the main sealed vessel to the atmosphere through the series-connected second mixer-dispenser, the discharge line, an additional hermetic vessel and lifting the pipeline.

When you apply the device for watering plants on the waterfront main pressurized vessel Mont�'s interest under the ground, and if the instrument is used for watering the plants grown on the floating tool is buried in the pond.

The invention solves the problem of supplying water at a single point watering. For eyeliner water to multiple points, you must use the well-known technical means of dosing and distribution of the feed flow of water between irrigation channels or to create an artificial slope, through which water will flow by gravity from one watering point to another.

The figure is a diagram of a variant of the device for lifting water, set the water surface using a floating support.

The device comprises an air chamber 1, in the form of an inflatable balloon. In this version the camera 1 can be used as advertising medium. The camera 1 is installed on the surface of the reservoir using a floating support 2. In the recessed reservoir sealed vessel 3, the upper part of the cavity through which a flexible air conduit 4 is connected to the entrance to the chamber 1. The device also contains an additional hermetic vessel 8 and two divider 5(I, II). Mixer-dispenser 5(I) connected to the upper end of the flexible supply pipe 6 and installed on open water surface water source. The lower end of the pipe 6 is introduced into the vessel 3 with the placement of the slice in the bottom of the floor�STI vessel 3, in addition, the vessel 3 is introduced to the mixer-dispenser 5(II) and the first end of the flexible discharge conduit 7, wherein the mixer-dispenser 5(II) is connected to the pipe 7. In the vessel 8 introduced the lower end of the flexible lifting pipe 9, the cut of which is mounted in the upper part of the cavity of the receptacle 8, and the second end of the conduit 7, the cutoff is set below the cut pipe 9. The pipe 7 has a steep section 10, is placed over the vessel 8. As of mixers and dispensers 5(I, II) can be used with devices designed to generate a flow of air / water mixtures or alternating portions of water and air. To be more specific on the figure presents mixer-pipettes 5(I, II), designed to create a flow of alternating portions of water and air. Each mixer-dispenser 5 includes a float housing 11, the top of which is fixed pipe 12, the end portion 13 which protrudes from one side of the float housing 11 and the end portion 14 on the other, the length of the portion 14 of the pipe 12 is greater than the length of the portion 13 and pipe 15, a diameter which exceeds the diameter of the pipe 12. Pipe 15 is equipped with a sinker 16. The end portion 14 of the pipe 12 is connected to the first end of the pipe 15. In the mixer-dispenser 5(I) the second end of the pipe 15(I) connected to the upper end of the inlet conduit 6, inserted in the lower part of the float housing 11(I). In krisanna part of the float housing 11(I) installed sinker 17. In the mixer-dispenser 5(II) the second end of the tube 15(II) connected to the first end of the pipe 7 is inserted in the lower portion of the float housing 11(II), in the lowermost part of which is mounted sinker-backup 18. The pipes 12 and 15 of each of the mixer-dispenser 5 violet function dvuplechego lever, swinging above the water surface around the pivot point, located in the upper part of the float housing 11. If the instrument is used for watering the plants grown in flower pots 19(I, II, III) with drainage holes 20 and 21 pallets(I, II, III), provided with holes to drain excess water, flower pots 19(I, II, III) can be installed on a multi-tiered flower bed, cascading rack for flowers or multistage construction from stone or concrete. The upper end of the pipe 9 is fixed to the pallet 21(I) flower pot 19(I) placed on the top step of a multistage structure. To create the path of the watercourse from the pallet 21(I) subsequent to the pallet 21(II) placed on the step below, and so on through all the pallets 21(I, II, III) are used piping 22(I, II, III).

To turn on the device it is necessary to dip the mixer-dispenser 5(I) in the pond that will lead to the ingress of water into the pipe 12(I) and further through the pipe 15(I) and the conduit 6 into the vessel 3. Then the mixer-dispenser 5(I) return to the surface of the reservoir. In connection with filled PTFE sheet thickness�training of tubes 12(I) and 15(I) water is an increase in gravity, acting on the end portion 14(I) of the pipe 12(I) and the pipe 15(I), whereby the pipe 12(I) and 15(I) will rotate around the fulcrum with the release of water from the end portion 13(I) of the pipe 12(I) and by elastic bending of the upper part of the conduit 6. Continuing to expire in the vessel 3, the water being sucked into the pipe 12(I) and 15(I) the air from the atmosphere, which leads to a decrease in the force of gravity acting on the end portion 14(I) of the pipe 12(I) and the pipe 15(I), whereby the pipe 12(I) and 15(I) will rotate around the fulcrum from entering the water cut of the end portion 13(I) of the pipe 12(I) and elastic bending the top of the duct 6 in the opposite direction. Due to alternate sucked at the cut end portion 13(I) of the pipe 12(I) water from the reservoir and air from the atmosphere creates the flow of alternating portions of water and air supplied to the vessel 3. If you want to reduce (increase) the density of this stream, it is necessary to increase (decrease) the weight of the sinkers 16(I) and/or to push the sinker 16(I) to the first end of the pipe 15(I) (push sinker 16(I) to the second end of the tube 15(I)). To reduce (increase) the swing angle of the tube 12(I) and 15(I) around the point of support is required to increase (decrease) the weight of the sinkers 17. Once in the vessel 3, a stream consisting of portions of water and air, is separated into water that accumulates at the bottom of the vessel 3, and the air that is above the water. Then to the air chamber 1 (if the camera 1 includes inflatable Obol�the left) pumped the air. The pressure in the chamber 1 and communicating with the chamber 1 vessel 3 is increased, resulting in the cutoff of the end portion 13(II) of the pipe 12(II) of the mixer-dispenser 5(II) located in the vessel 3 on the surface of the water, are injected alternating portions of water and air, which, falling through the conduit 7 into the vessel 8, are divided into water that fills the cavity of the receptacle 8 to the level of installation of the slice of the lifting pipe 9, and the air through the pipe 9 enters the atmosphere. At this point in the conduit 9 begin to build up alternating portions of water poured into the tray 21(I) flower pot 19(I), and the portions of the air out into the atmosphere. The increased air pressure in the vessel 3 leads to the formation in the supply piping 6 water tube, through which the outflow of water from vessel 3 through line 6 does not occur. The pumping of air to the air chamber 1 is complete when the water level in the vessel 3 is reduced to a level at which the sinker-backup 18 of the mixer-dispenser 5(II) rested in the bottom of the vessel 3. From now dip the cut end portion 13(II) of the pipe 12(II) in water and drain the water in the tray 21(I) flower pot 19(I) cease. Operation of the mixer-dispenser 5(II) on the surface of the water in the vessel 3 is not fundamentally different from the above-described operation of the mixer-dispenser 5(I) on the surface of the reservoir. To prevent buildup in the vessel 3 score�STN water and to provide automatic compensation of leakage of air through the casing of the camera 1 is set on the pipe 15(II) sinker 16(II) significantly lower weight sinkers 16(I) and/or to push the sinker 16(II) to the second end pipe 15(II).

The device operates as follows. The heat exchange of the air chamber 1 with the environment leads to the lowering of the temperature inside the chamber 1 at night and rise by day. In the night time cooling in the chamber 1, the air is compressed, sucking the air from the vessel 3, resulting in a cycle of being sucked into the cut end portion 13(I) of the pipe 12(I) of the mixer-dispenser 5(I) alternating each other portions of water and air, fluid from the divider 5(I) in the vessel 3 through the pipeline 6. Once in the vessel 3, alternating portions of water and air are divided into water that accumulates at the bottom of the vessel 3, and the air that is above the water. Under reduced pressure arising in the vessel 3, the water stored in the vessel 8, is sucked into a vertical section 10 of the pipe 7, so that creates a water tube through which the penetration into the vessel 3 atmospheric air through conduit 7 occurs. In the daytime the chamber 1 is heated, the air expands, the pressure in the chamber 1 and in the vessel 3 is increased, the supply piping 6 is formed a water tube through which the outflow from the water vessel 3 via line 6 does not occur, the cut end portion 13(II) of the pipe 12(II) of the mixer-dispenser 5(II) receives alternating portions of water and air flowing through conduit 7 into the vessel 8. Falling�I in the vessel 8, alternating portions of water and air are divided into water that fills the cavity of the receptacle 8 to the level of the mounting edge of the lower end of pipe 9, and the air through the pipe 9 enters the atmosphere. At this point in the conduit 9 begin to build up alternating portions of water poured into the tray 21(I), and the portions of the air out into the atmosphere. When the water level in the vessel 3 is reduced to the value at which the sinker-backup 18 of the mixer-dispenser 5(II) rested in the bottom of the vessel 3, the discharge of water into the tray 21(I) will cease. The flow of alternating portions of water and air in the vessel 3 at night and draining accumulated in the vessel 3 of the water in the tray 21(I) flower pot 19(I) in the daytime is automatically repeated, and day and night the pressure in the vessel 3 and the air chamber 1 takes the value above atmospheric.

Test performed experimental sample. The test results confirm the ability of embodiments of the invention, achieve the said technical result and the task.

1. A device for lifting water, including inlet and discharge piping, the first mixer-dispenser is connected to the upper end of the inlet pipeline, a second mixer-dispenser mounted below the level of the water surface source� water pressure-tight vessel, in which the lower end of the inlet conduit, the first end of the discharge duct and the second mixer-dispenser, and the first end of the discharge piping is connected to the second mixer-dispenser, characterized in that it comprises an air chamber, an air duct connecting the inlet to the air chamber with the upper part of the cavity of the sealed vessel, the bottom of which is mounted a slice of the inlet pipeline, lifting the pipeline and further sealed vessel which entered the lower end of the lift conduit and the second end of the discharge duct, wherein the slice lifting of the pipeline is installed in the upper part of the cavity further sealed vessel, and the slice discharge piping installed below the cutoff lifting of the pipeline, in addition, the discharge line is equipped with a steep site, hosted on an additional hermetic vessel.

2. The device according to claim 1, wherein said first mixer-dispenser comprises a tube of small diameter, a pipe with a larger diameter hosting sinker and float housing, the top of which is placed a portion of the small diameter pipe, the other two parts which are unequal in length and extend outward from opposite sides of the float body, and the end of act�her from the float housing long portion of the small diameter pipe is connected to the end of a pipe of larger diameter, the other end of which is connected to placed in the lower part of the float housing the upper end of the inlet pipeline, in addition, at the bottom of the float housing has a second sinker.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the second mixer-dispenser comprises a tube of small diameter, a pipe with a larger diameter hosting sinker and float housing, the top of which is placed a portion of the small diameter pipe, the other two parts which are unequal in length and extend outward from opposite sides of the float body, and the protruding end of the float body long tube of small diameter is connected to the end of a pipe of larger diameter, the other end of which is connected to placed in the lower part of the float body to the first end of the discharge piping, in addition, in the lowermost part of the float sinker body mounted backup.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber contains a thin tough membrane with low permeability.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber contains air-supported membrane with low permeability.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber attached to form part of the decor.



 

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method of irrigation water supply for capillary irrigation from the covered ground to the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped supports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, the pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.

EFFECT: avoidance of necessity in pumping of irrigation water from the pipeline.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of ecology, environment protection and rational nature management and can be used for purification of river water, climate regulation in drought and also contributes to creation of a reserve of fresh water for the economic and social needs of the population. The essence of the technical solution is that the water reservoirs with the depth of 2.5-3 m, the width of 120-150 m, the length of 250-280 m, the surface area of water of 3-3.5 ha are formed in interstream areas on the river banks at a distance of 150-200 m from the mainstream. The water reservoirs are connected to the river bed by input and take-out channels. At the bottom of the water reservoirs the zeolite-containing clay - irlites are placed with the layer of 10-15 cm.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce the level of pollution of river waters, to create optimal climatic conditions for human living, flora and fauna, the sustainable development of coastal ecosystems and the whole lowland interfluvial landscapes, while simultaneously providing reserve of ecologically clean fresh water for domestic, household and other needs of the population.

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a housing, a porous measuring plate which pores are filled with water, a flexible screen with sensors which are electrically connected to the display device. The novelty is that the lateral inner surface of the housing is provided with microcells hydraulically interconnected and filled with polyacrylamide.

EFFECT: possibility of measuring the dynamic action on the soil of rain with the addition of polyacrylamide, due to the presence of microcells filled with polyacrylamide.

1 dwg

FIELD: forestry, particularly for fighting fires in high-capacity and medium-capacity peat beds.

SUBSTANCE: drainage system includes a number of water drainage channels with control-and-shutoff valves, manifold with drain lines connected thereto and intercepting channel located above drained peat bed and communicated with water inlet. Intercepting channel is provided with control-and-shutoff means to accumulate surface water flow and to create water reserve. Intercepting channel is connected with manifold head part by means of pipeline having valve gate. Manifold is provided with movable partition. Intercepting channel has antifiltering shield.

EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.

2 dwg

Ameliorative system // 2245616

FIELD: amelioration and water supply system.

SUBSTANCE: ameliorative system has irrigation, water supplying systems and discharge systems, water intake and detachable backwater regulating constructions. Ameliorative system is equipped with flexible collecting tanks-enclosures connected with drainage systems-sedimentation tanks equipped with membranes-type filters and moistener-type filters. Cassette filters are arranged along perimeter of massif to be irrigated to provide for delivery of clean water into water intake. Water supplying systems are furnished with closure system for preventing water evaporation and with metrological analyzers adapted for determining quality of inflow water delivered into water intake and of discharge water.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by avoiding violation to ecological balance of basic agricultural landscape.

1 dwg

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