Puree-like nutrition production device and method
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: inventions group relates to a method and a device for production of puree-like cooked food products of lump raw materials and a blades system for food products milling in the said device. The method consists in preliminary milling of lump raw materials in the preliminary milling unit (1), preliminarily milled raw materials cooking in the cooking installation (6) designed with the possibility of continuous loading, final treatment of the cooked product in the final treatment unit (12). Before cooking, lump raw materials are cut into small pieces in the preliminary milling unit (1) by means of the blades system (2) so that lump raw materials become a pumpable mass. The device contains a preliminary milling unit (1), a preliminary milled raw material transporting pump (8), a cooking installation (6) designed with the possibility of continuous loading and a final treatment unit (12) for the food product final treatment. The preliminary milling unit (1) has exclusively the first rotation blades system (2) for lump raw materials cutting to produce a pumpable mass. The blades system contains in the preliminary milling unit (1) a coarse milling device (56) and at least two cutting units (60, 61), each of them including a rotor (62, 63) and a stator (64, 65).
EFFECT: during cooked puree-like food products manufacture raw materials compression is prevented thus to separate a solid phase from a liquid one.
17 cl, 10 dwg
The invention relates to a method of manufacturing puree, cooked food from the lump of raw materials, primarily for use as food for small children or the elderly, including:
pre-grinding of bulk raw materials in the pre-grinding
the pre-cooking the crushed material to be accomplished by the possibility of continuous loading of the digester plant,
final processing of the welded product in the final block processing, and device for implementing the method and system of knives for grinding food.
Known for handling a wide range of vegetables and meat to obtain a puree products-semi-finished products. This can be treated as a fresh raw materials, and raw materials deep freeze. The main stages of similar methods are grinding and boiling vegetables or meat, as well as subsequent cooling and, if necessary, the final processing. When this raw material is presented in the pieces of relatively large size, for example in the form of whole Markova or potatoes, first is cut into cubes with an edge length of about 10 mm, and then ground further into the meat grinder. Usually used knife lattice hole diameter 3 - 8 mm This type of grinding is associated with hudsen the m quality because the product is squeezed, the cells are damaged, and at least partially removes the juice. Liquid and solid components of the product are separated from each other and do further processing, and the quality of the final product is problematic.
Typically the crushed product is then fed through a rotary piston pump in conveyor cooking installation. Due to the separation of solid and liquid parts, it is difficult to ensure a continuous flow of material through the pump and thereby also in the cooking installation, what also may be related to the uneven degree of readiness of the final product. In addition, frequently used conveyor cooking devices are open, resulting in the product during the process of cooking is in contact with the ambient air and possible oxidation of the ingredients. As a result of this possible impact on the color and taste of the product and get the final product is of low quality. In addition, the open design leads to a lack of efficient use of energy, as heat and moisture can get out of control.
In the known methods for the final processing is particularly fine grinding, has an open funnel. The product again comes into contact with the surrounding air and may kislitsa. The cooking device working according to the method, occupies an area of approximately 3M x 10m, therefore, desirable is a more compact installation.
The present invention is to develop a method and apparatus for making puree, cooked food, which maximally prevent crushing of raw material and thereby separating the solid and liquid phase.
This problem is solved by means known from the prior art method in which the lump raw before cooking cut into small pieces in the pre-grinding by the exclusive use of the system of the knives so that the lump of raw materials is becoming pumped, i.e. suitable for pumping or amenable to pumping mass.
According to the proposed method the raw material is cut at the stage of preliminary grinding of the knife system of such a size that the pump may exercise its further transportation and continuously feeding the downloadable cooking installation. Due to the exclusive use of knives for pre-grinding of bulk raw materials last only cut and not compressed, making compared with conventional methods, the quality of the product is increased as compared with commonly used methods, the mi as recycling through the lattice grinder, is much less damage to the cell structure of the raw material, and therefore, there is no significant removal of juice from the product. This leads, on the one hand, to the higher quality of the final product, and, on the other hand, for the better workability shredded raw material, because it is not formed of solid and liquid phases, and thereby, it is possible to reliably prevent clogging of the next block pre-shredding of the pump.
The preferred way of preliminary grinding in the pre-grinding is done through a rotational system of knives, which consists of pre-cutting knives and block rotor-stator, which is provided from the shared drive, and the speed of which, the preferred way is regulated.
Possible uniform loading of the pump, allowing also continuously loaded the cooking unit can be supplied with constant volume flow of raw material. In the digester plant raw material can then be proportional to the quantity mixed with live steam and hot. Thus the throughput of the system is regulated. During cooking, the product can be reduced further by the integrated blades with the rotor and stator.
The preferred image block has preliminarily the th grinding together with made with the possibility of continuous load cooktop installation forms a closed system, thanks to processed foods do not come in contact with the ambient air, resulting in possible to minimize undesirable oxidation reactions. These features of the process are to improve the quality of the final product. In addition, the energy efficiency of the entire system is improved because there is no unwanted release of steam and thereby effectively prevents moisture loss, and energy losses are minimized.
In addition, the preferred image of the proposed method is carried out in a completely closed system, so the food after cooking, the final processing and packaging again come into contact with ambient air only among consumers, thanks to which additionally minimizes undesirable oxidation reactions that can adversely affect the taste and quality of the end product. It also prevents contamination or contamination of the product.
Heated with live steam product can continuously be supplied to heat treatment in a tubular pasteurizer. Depending on the product to be processed and the desired final quality can be used various times of heat treatment. Using the connected system cooling product can be cooled to a temperature below 95°C and then reduce its pressure, thereby prevent the rotatin the abrupt evaporation of the water.
The preferred image of the product after the heat treatment takes place the final grinding in the block final processing, which may include additional system of knives. Also this knife system may include at least a rotor and a stator with adjustable speed.
In one embodiment, the improvement of the invention provides for the measurement of pressure pshoxproduct at the input of the pre-grinding. Due to this, get the opportunity to optimize the feed rate of the raw material which may be supplied, for example, by means of a screw conveyor, which results in optimal throughput, but clogging of the installation, and therefore a simple production reliably prevented. By comparing the measured pressure of the product pshoxwith certain previously separate reference pressure petalyou can define and adjust the optimum feed rate. Thus the automatic control operates independently of the system used fine grinding. Only the reference pressure petalmust be determined for each product separately, as, for example, fresh bread can withstand less pressure than, for example, raw carrots. Through this embodiment of the invention with the public to increase the capacity of the installation. At the same time is realized only small temperature rise of the product and prevents clogging and breakage of the knife cutting system.
Next, to solve the problem is proposed a device for making puree, cooked food from the lump of raw materials, primarily for use as food for small children or the elderly, which includes:
b)a pump for transporting the pre-crushed material,
C)continuously loaded cooktop installation, and
g)the final block processing for the final processing of the food product.
In accordance with the invention for cutting lump of raw materials to produce the pumped mass unit preliminary grinding is only the first rotational system of knives. Exclusive use of the rotary system of knives for grinding lump of raw material to its melting provides, along with improving the quality of the final product, and greater reliability of operation of the pump to transport the pumped mass and offers the most benefits in the process.
The preferred way individual modules, as the device is generally made in such a way that they form a closed system, and processed food products after the filing in the first system of the knives during the manufacturing process does not come into contact with the ambient air. Adverse reactions oxidation and contamination due to this can be effectively prevented.
Rotary knife system block pre-shredding is the preferred way includes at least a stator, the rotor and the feed disk.
In order to be able to adjust the size consistency of the final product, a rotary knife system block final processing may have a particularly small gap between the blades. Potential gaps between the knives of 0.05 mm or less.
System rotor-stator systems knives can work without contact, thus preventing the contact metal/metal, thereby increasing the service life of the systems.
At the input of the pre-grinding is preferred, it may be a pressure sensor. Due to this, it is possible to maximize the throughput of the installation while increasing reliability, as it prevents clogging, downtime and damage knives. In addition, reach more gentle handling of the product, because it prevents excessive pressure at the entrance to the block of preliminary grinding.
Also the invention concerns a rotary knife system for grinding food, which has a device for coarse grinding and at least two of the cutting block. In this first device d is I the coarse grinding performs a coarse grinding is not crushed product, and then two cutting unit perform further grinding. Each cutting unit includes a rotor or the cutting head and the stator or cutter ring. Pairs of concepts rotor/cutting head and the stator/cutter ring at the same time have the same value and can be used as synonyms. While the preferred manner set forth cutter block has a smaller gap between the knives than cutting block or blocks respectively located in front of him, this ensures a progressive dispersion of the product.
According to the invention a device for coarse grinding can be processed according to the product and, if necessary, followed cutting blocks. This is possible due to the installation of a variable number of blades, that is, for example, 3, 4 or 6 blades. It is also possible for three or more consecutive cutting units.
The system design of the knives with a device for coarse grinding and at least two cutting blocks allows relatively precise heating of the product during processing. This is an advantage for many raw materials deep freeze, because you can refuse a separate stage defrosting. Also becomes possible and the processing chocolatestarfish products.
Then use the drawing which will be described in more detail an example embodiment of the invention. The drawing shows:
Fig.1 - view of the proposed device for implementing the method,
Fig.2 - pre-grinding in the future,
Fig.3 - exploded view of the block pre-shredding,
Fig.4 - type cooking devices in the future,
Fig.5 - exploded view of the system of knives that are built-in cooktop installation
Fig.6 is a view of the tubular pasteurizer in the future, as well as
Fig.7 - exploded view of the system knife block final processing,
Fig.8 is a exploded view of the system knife with two cutting blocks,
Fig.9 is an example implementation of a screw conveyor with a pressure sensor and
Fig.10 is a control circuit for adjusting the speed of the feed auger.
In Fig.1 shows a General view of a device for implementing the method. When this raw material is filled into the funnel 22 and then passes on the figure from right to left sequentially areas preliminary grinding I unit 1 pre-grinding, heating by direct steam in the digester plant 6, fine grinding and heat treatment in a tubular pasteurizer II, the cooling system III, and final processing IV unit 12 final processing. The entire system is made closed, making processed food products after filling the funnel 22 more than not takes the Ute in contact with the ambient air. In addition, as shown in Fig.1 the device is substantially smaller area compared to installations which use normal way.
In Fig.2 shows a detailed view of the area I in Fig.1. Unground raw material is fed into the funnel 22 by means not shown here mechanism, such as a screw conveyor. Lump raw material is then ground system 2 knives, which have their own drive, and transported further through a tangential outlet 24 by means of pump 8.
In Fig.3 shows the system design 2 knife block 1 preliminary grinding. Unground raw material is fed into the funnel 22, and then is transported in the drawing to the right feed screw 26, which is also equipped with its own drive. This shipment is gentle to the raw way, so it is not damaged. System 2 knives consists of a device 28 for coarse grinding, the stator 30 with the specific gaps between the knives of the rotor 32 with the number of teeth aligned purpose, and the feed disk 34. This system 2 knife only cuts raw materials, but does not compress it, as in conventional methods of grinding, resulting in minimizing the discharge of liquid and guarantee the usefulness of the crushed raw material for pumping. System 2 knives frequency is adjustable and can reach speeds up to 4000 rpm. Through a tangential outlet 24 of the crushed raw materials out of the system 2 knives. The orientation of the tangential outlet 24 relative to the axis of rotation and thereby the direction of further transport can thus be brought into compliance with the conditions in the room.
In Fig.4 shows a view of the area II of Fig.1, in which the raw material is heated by mixing with live steam. When this pre-shredded raw in the drawing on the left - served on a plot of 40 pre-mixing. Due to specific design of the steam nozzles 42 continuously and in a proportional amount served is the amount of steam that reached the required temperature. Inside cooking devices 6 is another system 38 of the knife, which performs further grinding of the product during heating. The injected steam condenses in the pressurized system 38 of the blades and extend above the tangential outlet on the housing 54. Then the next pump 52 regulates the pressure in the system 38 of knives, which can also implement a temperature above 100°C.
In Fig.5 shows a detailed exploded view shown in Fig.4 cooking devices 6. Shown already described in Fig.4 section 40 pre-mixed with steam nozzles 42 and the mixing shaft 44, the stator 46 with a specific gap between the n is, by Mesdames, the rotor 48 with the number of teeth aligned purpose and the feeding disk 50.
In Fig.6 shows a tubular pasteurizer 10 section II and the cooling system 11 of section III of Fig.1. Crushed and already heated the product passes through several located parallel to the pipe and when it is prepared. The drawing at the bottom right it is introduced into the system of pipes and re-emerging from her left upper plot of the figure. By fitting the piping system can implement a variety of heat treatment and thereby to process products with different requirements. Then the product is cooled in the cooling system 11 to a temperature at least below 95°C, resulting after cooling, it is possible to reduce the pressure of the product and to prevent the abrupt evaporation of the water.
In Fig.7 shows the exploded view of the system 12 final processing on the area IV of Fig.1. The system 13 knives also consists of a stator 14 with a specific gap 20 between the knives of the rotor 16 with the number of teeth are aligned with the purpose, as well as the feed plate 18. System 13 knives frequency can be adjusted, and can be achieved values of number of turns 4000 rpm and more. By regulating the number of revolutions and the gap 20 between the knives can adjust the degree krupnotsvetnogo product. Potential gaps 20 between the knives in 0.05 mm, depending on the desired homogenization of the product, as well as larger and smaller gaps 20 between the knives.
In Fig.8 shows a rotary knife system with two cutting units 60, 61 in exploded view. Milled product moves in the drawing from left to right and the first ground unit 56 for coarse grinding and simultaneously transported to the next cutting unit 60. In the example implementation of the device 56 for the coarse grinding is equipped with three blades 58, but the number of blades may be aligned purpose. In the chopping block 60, the rotor 62 moves relative to the stator 64 and thereby performs the further grinding of the product. An expedient manner cutter block 61, which also consists of a rotor 63 and the stator 65, designed to further increase the degree of crushing of the product. By adjusting the gaps between the knives of the cutting units 60, 61 it is possible to achieve the required degree of grinding.
In Fig.9 shows a possible embodiment of the screw conveyor 68, which transports bulk raw materials to the system 2 knife block 1 preliminary grinding. When this screw conveyor 68 is actuated adjustable gear motor 70. Increasing due to the flow of product at nab is the t to the system 2 knives pressure determined by the sensor 66 pressure. By means of a suitable control system can adjust the feed rate so that the system has reached a high throughput without clogging.
In Fig.10 shows a possible control scheme for regulating the speed of the feed screw 26. The sensor 66 pressure measures established by screw conveyor 68 pressure pshoxproduct. Electronic equipment controller 72 speed compares the measured pressure of the product with a certain previously, product-specific pressure petaland increases the speed of the motor 70, which drives the screw conveyor 68, until Rshoxless Retal. As soon as the pressure pshoxproduct exceeds a reference pressure petalcontroller 72 speed speed reduction gear motor 70, through which the screw conveyor 68 transports a smaller amount of product per unit of time and the driving system is prevented.
The maximum reference pressure petalyou can simply determine if the water-containing products, such as fruits or vegetables. This can, for example, to fill a test cylinder, for example, with the cross-sectional area of 10 cm2the processed product. The product is then compressed by the piston and its pressure is measured at ophannim in the wall by the pressure sensor. As soon as the product leaves juice water, the allowable pressure is usually exceeded. From this limit after subtraction of the checksum, you can define Retal.
A LIST of REFERENCE DESIGNATIONS
1 Unit pre-shredding
2 knife System
4 wheel Drive
6 Cooktop installation
10 Tubular pasteurizer
11 cooling System
12 Unit final processing
13 knife System
14 the Stator
18 Screw conveyor
20 the gap between the knife
24 Tangential exit
26, the Feed auger
28 Device for coarse grinding
30 the Stator
34, the Feed auger
38 knife System
40 Plot of pre-mixing
42 Steam injector
55 of the Mixing shaft
46 the Stator
50 Feed auger
56 Device for coarse grinding
60 Cutter block
61 the deck
62 Rotor /cutting head
63 Rotor /cutting head
64 Stator /cutter ring
65 Stator /cutter ring
66 the pressure Sensor
68 Screw conveyor
70 Gear motor
72 speed control.
1. A method of manufacturing puree, cooked food from the lump of raw materials, including:
pre-grinding of bulk materials bloke (1) pre-shredding,
the pre-cooking the crushed material to be accomplished by the possibility of continuous loading of the digester plant (6),
final processing of the welded product in the block (12) of the final processing, characterized in that the lump raw before cooking cut into small pieces in a block (1) preliminary crushing by the exclusive use of system (2) knives so that the lump raw material becomes pumped mass.
2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the preliminary grinding in a block (1) pre-grinding is performed through the first rotary system (2) knives.
3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the pumped mass is mixed with live steam and heated performed with the possibility of continuous digester plant (6).
4. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the continuously loaded cooktop installation (6) is a closed system, and the contact be cooking food with the ambient air is prevented.
5. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that to be processed food during the entire method is separated from the ambient air.
6. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the food product after cooking is cooled by cooling to a temperature below 95 °C.
7. The method according to p. 1, wherein t is m, that final processing occurs in the block (12) final processing grinding through the second rotary system (13) knives.
8. The method according to p. 7, characterized in that at least one of the rotational systems (2, 13) knives regulate the frequency.
9. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the pressure (pshoxof the product measured at the input of the system (1) preliminary grinding.
10. The method according to p. 9, characterized in that on the basis of measured pressure (pshoxproduct regulate the feed rate.
11. Device for making puree, cooked food from the lump raw material containing:
a)block (1) pre-shredding,
b)pump (8) for transporting pre-crushed material,
C)cooking the installation of (6), made with the possibility of continuous load, and
g)block (12) the final processing for the final processing of the food product, characterized in that the cutting lump of raw materials to produce the pumped mass unit (1) preliminary grinding is only the first rotary system (2) knives.
12. The device according to p. 11, characterized in that the device as a whole forms a closed system, so that the processed food after the filing of the first system (2) knives during the further manufacturing process does not come into contact with the surrounding air.
13. The device according to p. 11 or 12, characterized in that the rotating system (2) knife block (1) pre-grinding has at least the stator (14), a rotor (16) and the input disk (18).
14. The device according to p. 11, characterized in that the second rotary system (13) knife block (12) the final processing is a gap (20) between the knives less than 0.05 mm
15. The device according to p. 11, characterized in that the input unit (1) pre-shredding is the sensor (66) pressure.
16. The blade system for grinding food in the device according to one of paragraphs.11-15, containing situated in a block (1) pre-crushing device (56) for coarse grinding and at least two of the cutting unit (60, 61), each of which includes a rotor (62, 63) and the stator (64, 65).
17. The blade system under item 16, characterized in that the device (56) for the coarse grinding is performed with the possibility of installing a variable number of blades (58).
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: device contains interfaced cylindrical chambers (1, 2) for grinding with rotors, devices for initial material, additions feeding and for ready product removal. Chambers create common loop and are separated by partition (18). Rotor (7) of the first chamber is installed eccentrically and is made of a set of discs (8). The discs are secured on the axis with shift relatively to each other along spiral line. Rotor in the second chamber is made out of beats (23) secured on pins and is installed in the mesh drum (36). The drum is enclosed by the chamber cylindrical surface. Beats of the second chamber are made out of set of rod elements, assembled in package in form of brushes and rigidly secured by one end on the holder.
EFFECT: invention ensures intensification of the grinding, improved homogenisation and improved quality of the treated product.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: chopper comprises a rotor, a stator and knives fixed in the rotor and stator. The knives are made with two cutting edges - end and radial. The end cutting edge of the rotor or stator knife is perpendicular to the radial cutting edge, is facing to the working end surface of the stator or the rotor and made tangent to the end plane, belonging to the end surface of the rotor or stator. The radial cutting edge of the knife is parallel to the rotation axis of the rotor or stator and is moved away from its centre to the overall circumference at a distance of the rotor or stator radius. The knives are mounted in the heads with the minimum possible gap between the radial cutting edge and the inner cylindrical surface of the housing equal to 0.02-0.05 mm. The rotor and stator are installed with a gap between their end surfaces equal to 0.02-0.05 mm.
EFFECT: improvement of the grinding fineness.
2 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: milling machine for materials contains a drive, a body with devices of the product charging and discharging and a cutting device. The cutting device is designed in the form of two screws (with cutting blades on the periphery of their ledges) installed symmetrical to the charging device and parallel to each other. In the cutting zone, the angle between the tangent to the circumference traced out by this zone during the crew rotation and the tangent to the blade front surface approaching the product has a value within the range of 30°-70°. The angle between the tangents to the said circumference and to the blade external peripheral surface has a value within the range of 5°-30°. The compression element is designed according to the shape of the surface contacting the product; this surface is represented by two cylindrical surfaces and replicates the surface traced out by the screws blades periphery during the screws rotation.
EFFECT: steady rate of the product cutting layer by layer into slices of preset thickness improves the ready product quality.
2 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing an ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene-based composite which is reinforced with carbon fibres, with filling ratio of not more than 30 wt %, by forming the composite using a solid-phase deformation technique which involves mixed grinding of a thermoplastic polymer and carbon fibres in a cutting mill. Monolithic samples are made from the composite powder by hot pressing at temperature of 160°C and pressure of 60 MPa.
EFFECT: obtaining composites with improved physical-mechanical and tribological properties.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in the field of animal husbandry, particularly in preparation and distribution of feed to animals. The crusher-mixer-feed distributor comprises a hopper with a chassis. On the side wall of the hopper a unit for discharging the feed is installed. At the bottom part of the hopper the augers are located, between which a shearbar is placed. The screws are provided with plate blades fixed on the outer edges of their helical surface. On the front wall of the hopper a drive is located, and a discharge window is closed with a valve Inside the hopper over the shearbar, a device of preliminary crushing in protection enclosure is installed at a distance of 0.3…0.6 m from the upper edge of the hopper. The device of preliminary crushing consists of a frame. On the frame the driving and the driven sprockets are mounted with a chain loop and V-shaped blades placed on it.
EFFECT: invention enhances the quality of feed crushing-mixing due to the preliminary destruction of rolls in the longitudinal plane.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises rectangular frame 14 arranged on container body top section, two lateral toothed drums 10 arranged on container left and right to run on their shafts, cover 16 with racks 9 arranged on cover bottom left and right, top axles with blades to feed wastes and bottom axles with mincing blades, and cover opening mechanism. Toothed wheels are arranged inside said drums fitted on ends of every axle to interact with drum teeth. Cover opening mechanism comprises toothed wheels 8, 9 driven by pedal 12. Said drive revolves the cover with racks for them to interact with top teeth of every drum for the latter to run. Toothed drums 10 drive toothed wheels to run axles with blades. Different blades and hammers are used for different types of wastes. Said container can be provided with electric drive.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
27 cl, 25 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: wastes of adhesive multilayer sheets containing material to be glued, glue and anti-adhesive material are minced in multiple stages. Note here that glue adhesive properties are eliminated. Mincing is first made in precutting device and, then, in fine mincing device. Glue particles are used as friction-reducing additives. Minced material temperature at outlet of every processing stage is kept equal to 60°.
EFFECT: production of wood composite material by extrusion, moulding or forming.
16 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to lumpy material grinders that double as feeders. Proposed device comprises housing with inlet and outlet and tubular section provided with screw ledge with screw cutting edge directed in cutting direction across lengthwise section of auger arranged in said housing and provided with cutting section. Auger cutting section is made up of teeth, each provided with two cutting edges located in mutually perpendicular planes. One of said planes extends along helical surface with cutting direction along auger axis.
EFFECT: grinding of lumpy materials by cutting in tree directions.
2 dwg, 3 cl
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises paper sheet destructing appliance and paper sheet feed conveyors to feed said material into said appliance. Said feed conveyors feed paper sheets into said destruction appliance from several different feed positions.
EFFECT: paper sheet sorting and destructing appliance.
14 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and may be used for preparation of animal feed. Proposed plant comprises initial stock sectional hopper, proportioner arranged above it and divided by partitions into sections, their number being equal to that of hopper, discharge opening, crusher and feed discharge conveyors. Proportioner is made up of horizontal auger with turn coiled toward auger center. Four lengthwise flaps fitted on one axle are arranged above auger to deflect from initial vertical position driven by individual screw drives. Part of auger turns above proportioner discharge opening is closed by fixed spring bent to auger turns profile.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of proportioning.
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: food material treatment is performed with usage of pulsed laser ray where the laser ray wave length is within the near part of infrared (IR) spectrum. The laser ray has a focused spot of laser radiation. The method contains a stage of application of laser pulse with pulse duration within the range of 1-1000 fs to the food material where the focused laser spot lies on the food material surface or in the food material body. The laser pulse creates a cavity in the food material at the focused laser spot position place.
EFFECT: invention usage allows to enhance the food material treatment quality.
15 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to storage of food products in vacuum. The container consists of a base which is a flexible casing, a rim with a vacuum channel in it, a lid interacting with the rim by means of the vacuum seal. Between the rim and the lid there is a gap varying in function of pressure, overlapped by the flexible casing, for example a bellows. The area of the flexible casing of the base exceeds the area of the base based on the calculation of the placed food products and removing its load in vacuuming.
EFFECT: use of the invention enables to improve the shelf life of products in vacuum.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular heat treatment of combined feed. The line comprises a heating chamber with means for loading and unloading of grain, the exhaust system, the adjustable dampers. The heating chamber is made in the form of a device for production of expanded feed grain. The means for loading of the device is connected at the input to the feed hopper, and its unloading device is connected at the output to the receiving loading chamber. At the lower part of the unloading chamber the cooler is located provided with a centrifugal fan, the adjustable damper, a wire cloth and a deflection plate. Inside the receiving hopper, the evaporator is located having the form of tubular rings. The rings are mounted one above the other in height. In the rings along the generatrix the radial holes with the diameter of 3 mm in the upper and 4 mm in the lower are located. Above the tubular rings along the circumference at a distance of 30 mm from them the fenders are mounted that cover half the diameter of the tubular rings. The receiving unloading chamber has a wire cloth, an adjustable damper and is communicated through the centrifugal fan and the exhaust system with an evaporator.
EFFECT: use of the invention enables to improve the feeding value of expanded feed grain through the use of exhaust steam for preliminary wetting and heat treatment, and to increase productivity and efficiency of the line.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to gear-type pumps and to their application methods. In the main implementations of the group of these inventions the pumps include a housing of gears, which restricts a channel, and having an inlet and an outlet, and one or more gears located inside the gear housing. Gears can contain the corresponding bearings. Bearings are separated from the channel of the gear housing with one or more seals. Bearings can be located inside the bearing housing attached to the gear housing.
EFFECT: use of the group of inventions will allow improving operating properties of gear-type pumps.
26 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: described is a method for micronisation of polyols, comprising the following steps: a) providing a solid polyol, having chemical formula CnH2n+2On, which is solid at 20-25°C, b) feeding the polyol into a jet mill and applying pressure using nitrogen, and c) collecting the micronised polyol. Micronised polyols obtained using the disclosed method, having particle size distribution (d50) from 20 to 60 mcm and a flowability below or equal to 5 s/100 g, preferably below 5 s/100 g, are disclosed. The micronised polyols, although having lower particle size distribution compared to the corresponding milled polyols, have improved flowability. Most preferably, the polyol is selected from a group comprising one or more of such compounds as maltitol, isomalt, mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol and erythritol.
EFFECT: preferred polyols are characterised by a compressibility index equal to or higher than 40.
14 cl, 4 ex
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to food industry and may be used during production of confectionery products, sauces and food oils and fats. The method may be characterised by two versions. According to the first version, the method envisages a water composition aeration for foam formation. The composition contains hydrophobias. Then the formed foam is mixed with the composition with an uninterrupted fat phase. When requested, the mixed composition is cooled. According to the second version, the method envisages gas dispersion in the composition with an uninterrupted fat phase. The composition contains hydrophobias. When requested, the produced composition is cooled.
EFFECT: invention allows to manufacture aerated food products with improved properties such as: smaller and more homogeneous gas bubbles and higher degree of overrun.
14 cl, 4 dwg, 6 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing food raw material and may be used in lines for manufacture of products for people, animals, birds and fishes. The extruded products manufacture line contains bins, mixers, an extruder, a cooler, a transporter, a granulator. The line is divided into a preparative section including a bin, at least two crushers, a mixer, a sedimentator cyclone and a accumulator bin; an extrusion section including at least two accumulator bins, an extruder press and an extractor hood; a section for grits manufacture including a crusher, a sedimentator cyclone and a accumulator bin; an auxiliary materials section including a mixer, a crusher and a sedimentator cyclone; a granulation section including an accumulator bin, a granulator, a cooler and deduster and a packing and packaging section including an accumulator bin and a bag filler complex.
EFFECT: invention usage allows to extend the market of raw material used for extruded products manufacture.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: what is offered in application of at least one strain of probiotic bacteria specified in Lactobacillus plantarum 299, DSM 6595, Lactobacillus plantarum 299v, DSM 9843, Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL 9, DSM 15312, Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL 19, DSM 15313, Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL 99, DSM 15316, Lactobacillus paracasei 8700:2, DSM 13434 and Lactobacillus paracasei 02A, DSM13432 for preparing a composition for treating and/or preventing a viral infection caused by 'cold' virus, and a related method for treating and/or preventing. A number of days for which 'cold' symptoms are experienced has been also reduced in a group of patients having been taking a probiotic.
EFFECT: what is shown is intensified immune protection against antiviral infection that promotes decreasing 'cold' episodes in comparison with the controls.
16 cl, 13 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used in production of briquetted food hematogen in an individual package, intended for clinical, preventive and special alimentation. The method characterisation is as follows: one applies binding mass prepared without high-temperature thermal treatment and based on farm animals blood plasma for introduction of biologically active additives in soluble form easily accessible for the human digestive tract. The food hematogen represents a highly concentrated food system of intermediate content of moisture produced of blood plasma with addition of and preliminary mixing with other food ingredients and biologically active substances with reduced moisture content and of drinking water in the form of crushed flaky ice during the mixture stirring under conditions of cutter treatment at subcryoscopic negative temperature values with subsequent application of a mechanical method of moulding, compaction and packing and the product defrostation in an air current at moderate positive temperature values.
EFFECT: invention ensures production of food hematogen prepared without high-temperature thermal treatment to preserve native molecular structure and protein components rehydration ability.
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used in manufacture of small-sized moulded and packed food products. The method envisages mixing binding protein mass with a filler represented by extruded grits as well as moulding/briquetting, sprinkling the protein-grain products with decorative seasonings and packing them by a mechanical method. The binding protein mass is represented by farm animals blood plasma (dried, powdered and water-soluble) and drinking water. The highly concentrated food system formulation is performed by the method of the protein mass combined dissolution and stirring together with the other dry components without high-temperature thermal treatment at moderate positive values of dough-makers or mincemeat mixers temperature to produce a product having viscous-plastic and binding properties.
EFFECT: method ensures production of a dry small-sized moulded food product based on farm animals blood plasma with native molecular structure, without denaturation of protein components as well as improvement of hygienic safety and comfort of the small-sized moulded food products consumption.
4 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: device contains a charging bin, a toroid-shaped body with a charging and a discharging apertures, the body having a perforated section in its lower part along the whole length of the juicing zone, and a working tool represented by a spring with rectangular coils and positioned inside the body, one end of the tool connected to the drive. A core, rigidly attached with the butt to the body in the discharging zone, is installed in the inner cavity of the working tool. The core has s shape of a toroid; the toroid axis coincides with the working tool rotation axis. The second end of the working tool is in a free position. The core diameter is determined from the expression DC=DI-(1…3 mm), where DI - the working tool inner diameter.
EFFECT: invention usage will allow to enhance the juice production process efficiency.