Products cooking method and device for its implementation

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: products cooking method involves placement of preliminarily cooked products over a heat radiation source. Saw-cuts are arranged along the upper edge of the lateral walls of the products cooking device. For cooking temperature adjustment, a lever lift is placed into the product cooking device, the lift having a movable grate installed on the two upper cores for the heat radiation source placement. One of the two lower cores of the lever lift is designed to be movable with relocation of the movable core with the help of a screw towards the unmovable one; the distance between the products and the heat radiation source is changed.

EFFECT: method improvement.

8 cl, 4 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to the preparation of products: meat, poultry, fish frying on the coals or on other sources of thermal radiation.

The level of technology

In normal cooking conditions in the process of cooking it is often necessary to change the temperature of the cookware and/or product. This is due to the necessity of observance of technological process of preparation of some dishes. As well as in nature (be it a picnic, fishing or hunting) this possibility has not yet been, and dishes remained habitually simple: kebab on skewers, meat or fish cooked on the grill, and fish soup in the pot. Serves all of us well-known, familiar and, of course, delicious.

However, in order to prepare for nature not only kebabs on skewers, but for example, rice in a pot or fry pan freshly caught fish right there on the beach, or to quickly and accurately prepare your favorite sauce and so on and so forth, for this is not quite the usual grill, you need something else, but still with a smooth temperature control.

The known method of thermal processing of food by the generation of the flow of radiation in the infrared range of the spectrum and direction of this thread on the processed product. This method is performed in a furnace, comprising a housing, a source of radiation is placed in the IR region of the spectrum, above and below the treated product, a stand to place the product made from a material transparent to radiant energy [1].

The disadvantage of this method is that food irradiation is in the range from 1 to 1.4 μm, which serves only to heat the food, that is food only warm, but not cook.

Closest to the proposed method is a method of roasting kebabs, including placing of pieces of pre-prepared meat over burning and Claudine coals. The pieces of meat are placed and held between two evenly remote between a core framework, which, in turn, set at the same distance above the surface of coal [2].

The disadvantage of the prototype method is the inability to control the temperature and control the process of cooking.

Closest to the proposed device for cooking food is collapsible grill, including side walls with the inner flanging, end walls, bottom and legs, made from the area, as well as the tabs. The legs of the device rigidly, for example by spot welding, connected with the end walls and Rethimno by clamps with side walls, the side walls are made with an internal about what crinoline top and bottom edges, the end wall is provided with a similar frame, but the flared upper edge is made out, the bottom is made of a composite of at least two flat strips with internal flanging in length, mounted on the flange of the end walls with the possibility of going under the bottom flange of the side walls, while the total width of the elements less than the width of the bottom face walls.

The disadvantage of this device is a prototype design is the complexity and small functionality.

The objective of the invention is enhanced functionality, higher reliability.

The invention

This object is achieved in that in the method of cooking food, including the placement of pre-prepared foods over a source of heat radiation, according to the invention along the upper edge of the side walls of the device for the preparation of products do the cuts, and to adjust the temperature of the cooking device for cooking foods placed lever hoist installed on the two upper rods moving grate to accommodate source of thermal radiation, of the two lower rods lever lift one perform a rolling, moving the movable rod with a screw in the side fixed, the change in the distance between the products and the source is the infrared thermal radiation. In the method of cooking food in cuts or put the skewers for placing products or spokes for installation of tableware products. A source of thermal radiation in the method can be selected infra-red gas burner or coals, or electratiny.

The task is achieved by the fact that the device for cooking foods, comprising side walls forming a frame and legs made in the form of the area, according to the invention the side walls and legs made of thin metal with the edges bent by 180°, the side walls are interconnected pivotally, and some of the hinges are made detachable, two opposite side walls made openings, closing doors, the top end of each leg is made wound over the top edge of the adjacent side walls, the lower edge of the side walls of the grill is made fixed to the stem using the l-shaped engagement, which its vertical shelf captures a frame from below in the region of the hinge and through the nut presses to the stem, while in the lower part of the device for cooking food additionally installed lever hoist consisting of the same two lower rods, which are connected to the lower end of the levers, and two identical upper rods, fastening the upper end of the levers, to the which is movable grate moreover, the length of each of the bottom rods is greater than the length of each of the upper rods, a stationary bottom pin, with the possibility of rotation passes their ends through holes in the opposite side walls of the device for cooking foods, forming a hinged connection, a movable bottom rod passes their ends through the slots made in the same opposite side walls, with the movable bottom pin has the ability to move within the groove, approaching or moving away from the fixed lower shaft, at the ends of the stationary and movable lower rods rigidly fixed thrust washer, during this rolling movement of the lower pivot arm lift is done using a screw, is inserted into the groove located in the frame of the device for cooking foods, and secured by a clamp, and the upper edge of two opposite side walls made the cuts under the device for the preparation of products installed capacity for water in the form of a rectangular tray with dimensions exceeding the dimensions of the device.

To protect the screw that moves a lever hoist, temperature and pollution on the top of the screw with the latch-release added a removable plate-visor.

Technical result achieved

To themin the technical result is:

- infinitely adjustable heating temperature of the object;

- significant reduction of the total weight of the grill, while maintaining all of the claimed consumer properties;

- the lack of critical warping of the walls of the grill after cycle heating/cooling;

- ensuring compactness during transportation;

- providing additional stability.

Brief description of drawings

In Fig. 1 shows the design of the proposed device for cooking foods, comprising side walls 7, which form a frame of the device and on which to provide additional rigidity performed limb of metal - 1 and cuts 2 for placing skewers or spokes. The side walls 7 of the device are interconnected by the hinge 3. Part of the hinges are made detachable 4. The legs 5 of the device made in the form of area. Under device installed capacity of water 19 having dimensions greater than the dimensions of the device. In two opposite walls of the device is made openings - 20, closing doors - 21.

In Fig. 2 shows the design of the mounting legs to the side walls 7. Legs 5, made in the form of area, secured by means of the l-shaped capture that its vertical shelf - 6 captures the frame of the device 7 from below in the region of the hinge, by means of the nut 8 presses it against the leg and on the panorama captures. Between the stem and the nut is molding the gasket 9.

In Fig.3 presents the design of the lever lift - 10, consisting of one mobile and one stationary rods and two upper rods and the movable grating 11. Fixed bottom pin mounted in the holes 12 and the second movable rod is fixed in the grooves 13. On the two lower rods closer to the endings rigidly fixed thrust washer - 14. In them after Assembly abuts the inner surface of the wall of the brazier.

In Fig. 4 shows a mechanism for moving the lift lever carried out using the screw 15, which during Assembly of the device is inserted into the groove 16 and is fixed by a clamp - 17. To protect the screw from the temperature and from contamination from the top of the screw with the latch-latch (figure not shown) is installed, a removable plate-visor - 18.

The implementation of the invention

The proposed method is carried out using a device for cooking food, running Rethimno-fold, consisting of side walls 7, forming the frame, and legs. The frame and legs are made of thin metal. In the upper and lower parts of the side walls 7 of the device to provide additional rigidity edges are 1, deflected by 180°. This device allows to reduce the overall weight while maintaining the AI all consumer properties, and also prevents critical wrinkling of the side walls after the cycle heating/cooling. The side walls of the device are interconnected articulated 3, thus forming a solid frame. To ensure the function of "folding" one or more hinges are split - 4, the Central axis of the hinge for electrical connection is removed, and after the Assembly is inserted back. The legs 5 of the device is made in a corner, on every shelf across the length of executed edges 1, deflected by 180° to provide additional rigidity. The top end of each leg 5 routine for upper limb of the side wall, which provides not only a clear and reliable fixation of the upper part of the frame to the leg, but also a reliable perception of the whole weight loading device along with the utensils and products (weight load is distributed on the upper ends of the legs vertically down). The fixation of the lower part of the frame to the leg 5 (Fig. 2, section a-a), provides an l-shaped hook that its vertical shelf 6 captures the frame of the device 7 from below in the region of the hinge, by means of nuts 8 pushes it to the leg 5 and fixes. Between the leg 5 and the nut 8 is shaping gasket 9 made of thicker metal (1.5 mm or more). The strip 9 is formed, as well as a leg in a corner with interior angle of 90 and is intended to form right angles at the frame of the device, because the leg itself is made of thin (0.3 to 1.0 mm) of the metal and does not have its own sufficient rigidity to perform this task. For continuous change of the temperature of the cooking device is provided lever hoist 10. On the upper end of the lift arm fastened together two top bars, or on these rods is mounted a movable grating 11. Two lower rod, which connects the lower end of the levers is made longer than the top, because they should "permeate" side walls of the device, thereby to provide support for the lift. Fixed bottom pin their ends pass through holes 12 in the opposite walls of the device, forming a hinged connection. Movable bottom pin with its ends passing through the slots 13 in the opposite side walls and has the ability to move within the groove, approaching or moving away from the stationary lower rod.

Both bottom hinges, closer to the end, is rigidly fixed thrust washer 14. In them after Assembly abuts the inner surface of the wall of the device. Due to this, the device remains in the rectangular shape. This further increases the rigidity and reliability of a design.

Process temperature control is carried out as follows. When moved and the rolling of the lower rod in the direction of the fixed lower pivot both of the upper rod will be lifted up together with installed on them moving grate 11. Movable grate with burning coals or other fuel, rising up, approaching the object of heating is increased heat. Reducing heating is achieved by a reverse sequence of actions: increases the distance between the lower rods, a movable grid goes down, the heat is reduced. The rolling movement of the pivot lever hoist is carried out by means of a screw 15, which during Assembly of the device is inserted into the groove 16 and is fixed by a clamp 17. To protect the screw from the temperature and from contamination from the top of the screw with the latch-latch (figure not shown) is installed, a removable plate-visor 18.

To ensure that fire safety device that sets a bowl of water 19 (for example, a rectangular tray, larger in plan than the size of the device). Resulting combustion products (hot ashes, burning fine coal, etc), falling down, down in the water. Thus, expanding the zone of use of the device, i.e. not only on specially prepared platforms, ensuring the safe use of open fire, but the places where the open fire use was prohibited or had not been considered, in principle, for example on the lawn, on the wooden sidewalk, on the table, etc. Also provides additional stability to the device:

installation is by the legs inside of the tray it is based not on four points, and on a plane equal to or greater than the size of the device.

In two opposite side walls of the device are the openings 20, closed by a door 21. With this design eliminates the restriction on the length of the used wood. I.e. there is no need to saw or cut long wood on the small size. Enough, opening the door in the opposite walls of the device, to place a long wood in the furnace, so that they gradually burned in half. In the future, shortened firewood also be used for the purpose. Either by opening only one door, place a long wood one end into the furnace and move them inside as combustion.

Sources of information

1. WO application N 83/02817, CL F24C 7/04, 1983.

2. Patent No. 2152723 EN, A22C 15/00, publ.20.07.2000.

3. Patent No. 131955RU,A47J 37/06, publ. 10.09.2013.

1. The method of cooking food, including the placement of pre-prepared foods over a source of heat radiation, characterized in that the upper edge of the side walls of the device for the preparation of products do the cuts, and to adjust the temperature of the cooking device for cooking foods placed lever hoist installed on the two upper rods moving grate to accommodate source of thermal radiation, of the two lower rods lever hoist one in the discharging fluid moving the movable rod with a screw in the side fixed, the change in the distance between the products and the source of thermal radiation.

2. The method of cooking food under item 1, characterized in that the cuts are placed skewers for placement of products.

3. The method of cooking food under item 1, characterized in that the cuts are placed needles to install dishes for products.

4. The method of cooking food under item 1, characterized in that the source of thermal radiation is chosen gas infrared burner.

5. The method of cooking food under item 1, characterized in that the source of thermal radiation is chosen hot coals.

6. The method of cooking food under item 1, characterized in that the source of heat emission choose electratiny.

7. Device for cooking foods, comprising side walls forming a frame and legs made in the form of the area, characterized in that the side walls and legs made of thin metal with the edges bent by 180°, the side walls are interconnected pivotally, and some of the hinges are made detachable, two opposite side walls made openings, closing doors, the top end of each leg is made wound over the top edge of the adjacent side walls, the lower edge of the side walls of the grill you olnine fixed to the stem using the l-shaped engagement, which its vertical shelf captures a frame from below in the region of the hinge and through the nut presses to the stem, while in the lower part of the device for cooking food additionally installed lever hoist consisting of the same two lower rods, which are connected to the lower end of the levers, and two identical upper rods, fastening the upper end of the lever, which is movable grating and the length of each of the bottom rods is greater than the length of each of the upper rods, a stationary bottom pin, with the possibility of rotation passes their ends through holes in the opposite side walls of the device for cooking foods, forming a hinged connection, movable bottom rod passes their ends through the slots made in the same opposite side walls, with the movable bottom pin has the ability to move within the groove, approaching or moving away from the fixed lower shaft, at the ends of the stationary and movable lower rods rigidly fixed thrust washers, and the rolling movement of the lower pivot arm lift is done using a screw, is inserted into the groove located in the frame of the device for cooking foods, and secured by a clamp, and on the top to the Ayu two opposite side walls made cuts, under the device for the preparation of products installed capacity for water in the form of a rectangular tray with dimensions exceeding the dimensions of the device.

8. A device for cooking food under item 7, characterized in that to protect the screw that moves a lever hoist, temperature and pollution on the top of the screw with the latch-release added a removable plate-visor.



 

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