Double-hole well operation method

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method a removable whipstock is installed. Then a window is cut in boring case. An offshoot is drilled from the main borehole. Offshoot drilling is made with running in of the boring case, its continuous cementing, perforation and provision of required reliability of attachment in the area of offshoot tracking. At that behind-the-casing flows of gas and liquid mixture are excluded. To this end upon window cutting a cement ring is cut in the boring casing and adjoining soil is cut as well in direction of offshoot drilling forming a cavern with diameter exceeding diameter of the offshoot. The cavern is poured with solid sealing compound and offshoot is drilled through the cavern. Downhole pumping equipment is placed in the main borehole and oil is extracted from the main borehole and offshoot.

EFFECT: increased oil extraction from offshoot at operated main borehole.

3 cl, 2 dwg


The invention relates to the field of oil extraction from the sediment is represented by sandstones, namely for the construction of wells for oil and gas with more than one face.

There is a method of oil production, including drilling to the earth's surface inclined directional well with a horizontal section of the trunk, the descent of the downhole pump at the bottom of the additional shaft, the point of the notch which has a lower statistical level of liquid in the well (Patent RF №2046930, E21B 43/00, 1995).

However, due to the placement of pumping equipment in the side of the trunk increases the likelihood of jamming of the sites mentioned equipment in the trunk during tripping, also limit the Zenith angle of the lateral shaft.

There is a method of construction of multilateral wells, including the opening of a window in the casing of the primary wellbore, and the bottom of the casing of the primary wellbore equip slots and carry out landing on slots retrievable landing site, filling installation interval extracted landing site not hardening viscoplastic fluid with a static shear stress, determined by mathematical relations. Carry out additional drilling a new barrel to the target depth using clinoatacamite. After drilling a new, additional trunk retrieve the whipstock from the well. Carry out the sealing of the mouth of the new additional wellbore, which descend down the node for sealing the mouth, including packer-cutter with creditdetailer containing a wedge having apertures for the passage of cement mixture and an auxiliary nozzle with cuffs at the top, carry out the injection of grouting mixture in the shank and rinse well, then the auxiliary pipe with sleeves in the upper part razvarivat bit. After the development of a new, additional trunk make removing the landing site (Patent RF №2279522, E21B 7/08, 2004).

Despite the presence of node sealing the mouth of a new, additional stem, its functions of protection against sludge and particles he only performs in the process of drilling of a sidetrack, later, his integrity is disrupted, which leads to the annular flow of the additional wellbore during well operation.

Closest to the proposed invention by the technical nature (prototype) is a method of operating a water-cut oil wells, including the analysis of borehole: preliminary determination of the liquid level in the well, installation of a cement bridge below the point of kickoff side is twala, installation extract the diverter wedge, cutting a window in the casing string, the drilling of a sidetrack from the main below the dynamic level of the liquid in the well, cementing watered slaughter and placement of deep well pumping equipment in the trunk with the subsequent selection of oil (RF Patent No. 2190086, E21B 43/00, 2002).

When implementing this method of sealing the annular space in the field kickoff side of the barrel is insufficient, because there is no technology solid cementing the side of the barrel along its length, including its kickoff, and, as a consequence, the annular flow of gas-liquid mixture from the side of the trunk. Application of the method is limited to irrigated by wells, because the bottom of the main-stem cemented.

Problem to be solved of the present invention is to increase the extraction of oil from the side of the trunk, under the current main trunk.

The problem is solved in that a method of operating dvuhseriynoy well, including the installation of a retrievable whipstock, milling a window in the casing string, the drilling of a sidetrack from the main and placement of deep well pumping equipment in the trunk, followed by the selection of oil, characterized in that after milling a window in the casing cut cement ring and priloga the next rock in the direction of drilling of a sidetrack to the formation of cavity diameter, exceeding the diameter of the side hole, fill the cavity, sealing, hardening composition, drilling a lateral wellbore through the cavity, the oil extraction is carried out from bottom of the primary and lateral wellbores. And cement ring and the surrounding rock is cut to a depth of 4-5 m in Addition, as the sealing curing the composition using a resin reinforced composite material.

Creating a cavity milled to a depth of 4-5 m in the direction of drilling of the sidetrack and filling, sealing, hardening the composition, such as resin-reinforced composite material, allow total to reach the effect of exceptional sealing region kickoff side of the trunk, not possible with solid or local cementing, due to the lack of technology cementing the field kickoff side of the trunk. Therefore, during the drilling of a sidetrack, including composite material, filling the cavity, the possible descent of pumping equipment in the main trunk for the operation of wells with bottom hole of the main and lateral trunks that fold increases the efficiency of operation of the well and allows to make a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed method the criterion of "inventive step".

An example of the method shown in Fig.1 and 2, where the following operations and specify pericycle the major positions:

a) installation of the diverter wedge:

1. The main trunk

2. Slaughter

3. Whipstock

b) cutting a window in the casing and milling to a depth of 4-5 m:

4. Window

5. Casing main stem

6. Frazier

7. Drill pipe, vincenne in the drilling column

8. The cavern

C) fill sealing curing compound, for example a resin composite material, the cavity formed by the opening of the window and milling:

9. Sealant-curing composition

g) the drilling of a sidetrack:

10. Sidetrack

d) a casing sidetrack:

11. Casing sidetrack

e) perforation side of the barrel at continuous cementing:

12. The perforation side of the trunk.

g) the bottom-hole pumping equipment:

13. Deep well pumping equipment in the working position.

A method of operating dvuhseriynoy wells is as follows.

In the fixed barrel 1 well, the last selection on the technical condition in nestsementirovannyh the bottom 2, set the whipstock 3. Milled window 4 in the casing 5 of the main shaft 1 and conduct cutting cement sheath and adjacent to the borehole rocks at a depth of 3-8 meters depending on the type, hardness, rock properties, optimally at a depth of 4-5 m in the direction of posleduushie side of the barrel 10 with the formation of the cavity 8 with a diameter larger than the diameter of the lateral wellbore 10, you then pour the sealant hardening composition 9 (for example, resin-reinforced composite material, plasticized aluminum asbestos powder, chopped fiber glass and other), which provides reliable fastening of the sandy deposits in the area kickoff side of the barrel 10, and prevents the annular gas-liquid mixture flows. Carry out the drilling of a lateral wellbore 10 with casing 11 side of the trunk and its solid cement (cement pumped into the annular space formed by a drilled lateral bore and the outer wall of the casing). Spend the perforation 12 side of the barrel 10, remove the whipstock 3. Deep well pumping equipment 13 is placed in the trunk 1 with subsequent selection of oil from the side of the barrel 10 and the bottom 2 of the main shaft 1.

Thus, a method of operating dvuhseriynoy well, including a reliable sealing region kickoff side of the trunk, creating caverns with its subsequent filling, sealing, hardening composition (e.g., resin reinforced composite material) at continuous cementing the side of the barrel, completely eliminates the behind-the-casing flows of gas-liquid mixture, which can increase the extraction of oil from the side of the trunk. In addition, the absence of cementing the bottom of the foundations of the CSOs of the barrel allows the selection of oil from the main and lateral trunks at the same time, that does not restrict the use of this method watered and marginal wells.

1. A method of operating dvuhseriynoy well, including the installation of a retrievable whipstock, milling a window in the casing string, the drilling of a sidetrack from the main and placement of deep well pumping equipment in the trunk, followed by the selection of oil, characterized in that the drilling of a sidetrack carried out with the descent of the casing, its solid cementing, perforation and providing the necessary reliability of fastening in the field kickoff side of the barrel and the exclusion of cross-flows of gas-liquid mixture, which after milling a window in the casing cut cement ring and the adjacent rock in the direction of drilling of a sidetrack to the formation of cavity diameter, exceeding the diameter of the side hole, fill the cavity, sealing, hardening composition and drill a lateral wellbore through the cavern, and the oil extraction is carried out from bottom of the main and lateral trunks.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the cement sheath and the surrounding rock is cut to a depth of 4-5 meters

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as a sealant hardening composition using a resin reinforced composite material.


Same patents:

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the oil and gas industry and can be used in particular to prolong anhydrous operation conditions of oil producers. The substance of the invention: a device comprises a pipe string lowered into a well, a packer with a sealing member and a flow shutdown mounted therein; a hollow body comprises a pipe concentric with its axis. From above, this pipe is rigidly connected to the pipe string, and from below - to a piston. The pipe and piston are axially movable in relation to the hollow body from the flow shutdown. The hollow body from the flow shutdown is blind off from below; its holes are inclined at 120° to each other in three vertical planes along the perimeter of the hollow body. The first vertical plane comprises two holes above and below the sealing element of the packer, respectively. One hole is formed in the second vertical plane below the sealing element of the packer. The third vertical plane has one hole above the sealing element of the packer. The piston has a slot configured to provide an alternative connection of the holes of the vertical planes to the pipe inside when the pipe string and piston move axially and rotate about the hollow body of the flow shutdown. The hollow body of the flow shutdown is provided with an outer long slot inside from below, while the piston at the bottom has three inner long grooves inclined at 120° to each other along the perimeter; the outer long slot of the hollow body of the flow shutdown can be fixed in any of the three inner long grooves of the piston.

EFFECT: simplifying the operational structure of the device, improving its reliability and enhancing the same.

3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to chemical and thermal treatment of a bottom-hole formation zone in developing high-viscosity oil deposits. A hollow cylinder rod is connected to a line of hollow pumping rods. A unit has also a working substance supply unit. This unit is stationary and isolated from a well production gathering line. An inside below an intake screen of the pump, between the cylinder wall and the surface of the hollow rod is divided into two sections. The cylinder rod is common for both sections and extends through a cylinder rod packing. The packing is provided between the sections. The bottom of the cylinder is connected to a tail piece with outlet holes. The tail piece comprises a hollow discharge rod. It is connected to the hollow rod of the pump. A non-return spring-loaded valve is arranged on the outlet of the hollow discharge rod of the pump.

EFFECT: unit comprises the differential sucker-rod pump, a cylinder of which is connected to a flow column; it ensures more reliable operation of the bore-hole sucker-rod pump unit and reducing serviceability.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recovery of said well located at multihorizon field. Proposed process comprises injection of isolating composition via well tubing string and fitting of "liquid" packer below tubing string shoe. Then, flow tubing above "liquid" packer is filled with killing fluid. Tubing string is withdrawn from the well. Deflector wedge is fitted inside tubing string. Lateral opening is cut in tubing string above overlaying high-pressure productive bed. Side hole is bored through said bed to extend through its entire depth to make side hole face occur nearby said high-pressure productive bed. Casing string with filter is lowered into bored side hole. Casing string is cemented above filter to the roof of top high-pressure productive bed and said wedge is withdrawn. Hanger with latch joint arranged at its inner surface is lowered on temporary string. Said hanger is fitted inside flow string under side opening. Oil string provided with side opening is lowered into flow string till interaction with latch device so that side openings of both strings are located opposite each other. Then, influx from lateral hole is initiated to remove killing fluid from the well. Then, liner with centring funnel at its shoe and packer hanger at its top is lowered on flexible pipe inside oil string to "liquid" packer. Solvent is injected via said liner. Said solvent destructs said "liquid" packer its residues falling on the face. Now liner is lowered to bottom holes of perforation interval of the bottom low-pressure productive bed. Liner is suspended in oil string above side opening of oil string. Flexible pipe is withdrawn from the well to place the well in operation.

EFFECT: efficient recovery.

7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: method for installation of rapid-moving eduction column includes passing the rapid-moving column into a well, engagement of key for interaction with occlusion with nipple occlusion, extending interacting with profile key on rapid-moving column to interact with corresponding stopping profile in well shaft wall and thus supporting the rapid-moving column. In this method, interaction of the key with nipple occlusion causes extending the key interacting with profile into engagement with stopping profile.

EFFECT: higher reliability of holding the rapid-moving column while keeping relatively large flow diameter of the column.

29 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves dilution of salt rock with fresh or subsaline water by cyclic action on the formation, each of which includes pumping of a working agent to the saline oil formation through a well, closure of the well for the time of salt rock dilution, extraction of liquid from the formation through the same well. Cycles of action on the deposit are repeated till full coverage of the saline formation by action before opening of oil deposits contained in it and production of all the extracted oil deposits. Water pumping to the formation is performed at maximum possible constant bottom-hole pressure till reduction of the well water intake capacity by 2-8 times in comparison to its value at the pumping beginning, and extraction of liquid from the formation is performed at minimum possible constant bottom-hole pressure before the liquid with volume of at least 1.1-1.5 volumes of the fresh or subsaline water pumped to the formation earlier is removed to the surface.

EFFECT: increasing permeability of a saline formation throughout the area of its propagation, increasing productivity of production wells, increasing the coverage of the formation by action, volume of the removed oil deposits and acceleration of development rates.

4 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to submersible pumping units for operation of wells, where it is necessary to increase the differential pressure drawdown, without deepening of submersible pumping unit, and/or with unsealed production casing. The unit for oil-well operation includes the tubing string, electric submersible cable, electric submersible pump, the hydroprotection and submersible electric motor of which are encapsulated in the pressure-tight housing, which is tightly closed on the housing of the input unit of the electric submersible pump, the liner consisting from the pipe string the top part of which through the bushing is tightly connected to the bottom part of the pressure-tight housing, and in the bottom part of the liner the branch pipe with external sealing elements is located. The unit contains at least one packer with internal through passage channel with the diameter allowing to pass through the packer the tool, equipment and instruments, without extracting the packer. The sealing unit for the tight connection with the branch pipe of the liner is located either in the packer housing, or in the device below or above the packer.

EFFECT: improvement of performance of recovery of formation fluid from the wells.

1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: unit includes the wellhead equipment, concentrically located tubing strings of two diameters with electrocentrifugal and jet pumps in the production casing of the well. There is a separating camera located in the bottom part of the well bore under the centrifugal pump, equipped with the sealing housing. The unit has the channel for passing of the separated oil connecting the annular space above the pump with the separating camera, and inlet holes for entering the separated water. The sealing housing of the electric centrifugal pump from below in the interval of the separating camera is equipped with the inlet device made as the liner damped from below. The liner is divided into sections with the inlet holes. At the level of each inlet hole the liner is equipped with a glass used as a hydraulic lock for petroleum drips and inlet of water from the separating camera. The inlet holes are located in a single row along the liner and are made with the diameters diminishing in each subsequent section upwards. The gap between the housing and production casing of the well is used as a channel for passing of petroleum drips. The tubing string of the greater diameter in the wellhead equipment is connected to the water line, and tubing string with the smaller diameter - with the oil line. The bottom of the string with the smaller diameter is tightly installed in the upper cylindrical camera of the commutator installed in the tubing string with the greater diameter at the depth below the working level of fluid in the well. The commutator has vertical peripheral channels for passing through them of the upward flow of water and bottom cylindrical camera for placement of plug-in jet pump, the output of which is interconnected with the upper cylindrical camera. Meanwhile the possibility of supply of working fluid into the jet pump from the centrifugal pump, and pumped off fluid - along the side channel of the commutator from the annular space of the well through the check valve located from the external party of the commutator is provisioned.

EFFECT: downhole separation of oil from extracted product of the well and separate lifting of oil and water to the surface during inter-well pumping-over of water for maintaining of formation pressure.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: as per proposed method, a pressure brine-carrying formation is developed by means of a well; high-mineralised geothermal brine is removed from it along a production casing string. After that, along an annular space between production and intermediate casing strings, which is interconnected via the wellhead with ground reservoirs and delivery equipment, as well as with an absorption zone formed before development of the brine-carrying formation at the interval of a geological cross-section of the well below the unit of a regional water-tight stratum. Brine is removed during opening, development and further operation of the formation to the absorption zone and the ground reservoirs with a possibility of using a hydraulic mineral potential of the brine from the reservoirs. Protection of the production string against deposition of hard formations on its walls from the produced brine during its movement from the formation to the well mouth is performed by temperature control of the upper part of the string at the interval of probable temperature phase transition due to continuous or periodic pumping along the brine flow in the string with a possibility of heat transfer to it of a heat carrier with initial temperature exceeding expected brine temperatures without any temperature control at the interval of probable temperature phase transition. According to the invention, heat carrier pumping is performed inside the brine lifted along the production string by arranging in the same string of a closed circulation circuit with the heat carrier in the form of service water. This circuit is made in the form of a coaxial heat exchanger drawn in the string to the depth that is not less than the value of phase transition interval. It consists of a heat-conducting vertical cylindrical housing coaxial to the string, closed in the base and provided from above with holes for water supply to the housing. Inside the housing there is a central pipeline with an open lower end that does not touch the base and an upper end opened for water discharge above the well mouth. With that, water is pumped first via an annular space of the heat exchanger, which is formed with the housing and the pipeline, in the direction opposite to the direction of brine lifting via the production string; then, it is supplied via the central pipeline to the heat exchanger outlet. Use of hydraulic mineral potential of the brine is performed with discharge of a less concentrated fluid formed at use together with discharged excess brine from the formation and reservoirs to the absorption zone. Before the fluid is supplied to a common discharge line, it is filtered from mechanical impurities.

EFFECT: enhanced method's efficiency.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises the string lowered in the well, packer with the flow shutoff device composed of hollow body with bores. Note here that the pipe arranged aligned with its axis and rigidly coupled tuning is provided with top and bottom lines of bores, shear pins and O-rings. Hollow body top end has centring skid. Shear pins are arranged above top line of bores while there above said pipe has thrust ring arranged at spacing equal to that between said top and bottom lines of bores. Hollow body top bores are located above the packer while bottom bores are arranged below the packer. At initial position, top and bottom bores of pipe and hollow body are intercommunicated to communicate above- and under-packer well space with pipe inner space. Pipe shear pins thrusts against the hollow body top end. To shut off product flow from under-packer space this pipe can displace axially relative to hollow body and communicate it with the pipe inner space via the top line of bores. To shut off produce flow from above-packer space this pipe can displace axially downward after destruction of shear pins unless thrust ring thrusts against hollow body top end and above-packer space communicates with pipe inner space via aligned bottom bores of hollow body and top bores of the pipe.

EFFECT: simplified design, unlimited changeover of product flows.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used for operation of problem blocking wells with sucker-rod pumps. The method involves back-and-forth movement and rotation of a sucker-rod string. Downward movement speed of the sucker-rod string changes proportionally to load variation on a wellhead stock. Travel length of the sucker-rod string can be changed proportionally to load variation on the wellhead stock. Rotation of the sucker-rod string can be performed continuously.

EFFECT: possible elimination of blocking of a sucker-rod string without any disassembly of borehole equipment.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes lowering a tail piece into well with temperature, electric conductivity and pressure sensors placed on tail piece along its length. Pressure sensors are used in amount no less than three and placed at fixed distances from each other. After that, continuously during whole duration of well operation between maintenance procedures, temperature, conductivity of well fluid, absolute value of face pressure and difference of pressures along depth of well in area of productive bed are recorded. Different combinations of pairs of pressure sensors are used for determining special and average values of well fluid density. When absolute pit-face pressure is lower then saturation pressure for well fluid by gas and/or when average values of density deviate from well fluid preset limits and/or when its conductivity deviates from preset limits, adjustment of well operation mode is performed.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, higher safety.

2 cl

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes drilling of operation well, forming in productive bed within feeding range of operation bed of at least one level of main draining system by drilling horizontal shafts from operation well above productive bed, and driving said shafts in radial direction, also, to prevent fast watering of well, before start of its operation, hollows of horizontal shafts are isolated from operation well. In productive bed in feeding range of operation well on one level with main draining system additional draining system is formed, one additional level of main and/or additional draining systems is formed, hollows of operation well and horizontal shafts is additionally connected by hydraulic fracturing of bed, before isolation of hollow of operation well from hollow of horizontal shafts, filter is mounted in the latter, as well as porous oil-attracting hydro-repelling material.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and durability.

6 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes measuring volume and denseness of fresh oil in reservoir in case of even or balanced temperature and pressure. Combined sample of fresh oil is taken from pipeline during its draining and denseness of oil and bed water and ballast content is determined. Then mass of drained oil is determined with consideration of measured parameters. Prior to draining, fresh oil from reservoir is exposed until partial separation of bed water, and its denseness is measured. During draining of fresh oil, its denseness,, volumetric share of water therein, pressure and temperature are determined. Drained oil mass and percentage of ballast is determined from given mathematical expressions. Denseness of exposed bed water is measured on basis of sample, taken after exposure of fresh oil in reservoir. Denseness of exposed bed water is measured in its flow during draining from reservoir after exposure and before draining fresh oil. Volume of fresh oil in reservoir is measured continuously by its level and data from graduating table for reservoir. Draining of combined sample of fresh oil from pipeline during its draining is performed manually or automatically in case of constant kinetic condition. After exposure of fresh oil in reservoir point samples of fresh oil are taken, additional combined sample is made thereof and denseness of fresh oil, oil and bed water and ballast percentage is determined from it, and these parameters are used when evaluating precision of determining parameters of drained oil. Measurements of denseness, volumetric water share, pressure and temperature during draining of fresh oil in flow are performed periodically with averaging of current values of measured parameters for time interval, equal to period of change of parameters of fresh oil in reservoir. Mass of bed water MW is determined from given formula.

EFFECT: higher precision.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes compressing gas at compressor station to required feed pressure, and utilization of drop liquid, containing drops of compressor oil and gas, before gas-distributing substation with following pumping of gas into well. Utilization of drop liquid is performed via slanted cylindrical separator of centrifugal type and deep chemical cleaning block in form of two parallel-placed absorbers, operating alternately with replacement of processed absorbents. Separator and two absorbers are mounted at tank for collecting compressor oil.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes transporting hydrocarbon product along operation channel. Control of pressure changes along this channel is performed. If such change is present such debit of hydrocarbon product is set, which provides for destruction or decomposition of present natural gas hydrates and/or prevention of their forming. With this debit, to place of hydrates decomposition and/or prevention of their forming, alkali solution is fed with concentration 0.04-4.9% with "pH" greater than 10. Alkali solution is fed during time not less than time of pressure change along operation channel, as well as with flow and during time until achieving mass concentration of alkali in gas phase 10-15% of mass.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

12 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes full raising of cement in behind-pipe space up to mouth, sectioning wells by electro-isolating compounds from oil transporting system or bed pressure support system and use of cathode protection plant as cathode protection station with current controller. For each well time needed for completing cathode polarization of well is determined as well as time for well depolarization, during which potentials on well of cluster are lowered to minimal protective values. On each cluster well cyclic mode of cathode protection plant is performed: cathode polarization during completion of cathode well polarization and well depolarization during lowering potential on well to minimal protective values. During depolarization of one well cathode polarization of other cluster well is performed.

EFFECT: higher effectiveness.

1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has axial transmission and soft stripe support system. Axis connects electric engine to reducer and connected reducer and leading hub, by means of which transmission lines are actuated. After connection of driven hub and device for supporting pump bars, pump bar for actuating well oil pump can be connected. Leading hub can actuate transmission lines, including one connected to balancer, operating synchronously to operation of well oil pump in both directions. Also, device has base, corbel and platform, controller for controlling oil extraction process, transformer, frequency setting transformer, absolute values encoding means and braking tank. Said electric engine, reducer and leading and driven hubs are mounted on the platform. Controller, through setting frequency generator, functioning as main drive, is connected to electric engine. Controller is connected to encoding absolute values means, capable of displaying working conditions and receiving data about position and rotation angle of leading hub. Encoding means for absolute values and braking block compose a portion of device for determining movement and braking. Controller can contain central processing module, input/output module and liquid-crystal display. Controller can be connected to encoding extension means, immediately receiving data about angle, position and rotation speed of electric engine axis.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 cl, 12 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: oil-producing industry.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a method of purification of the underground potable water at a crude production. The method provides for limitation of traffic of pollutions by construction of boreholes and pumping in of solutions of reagents. Along the contour of the site of possible pollution they make a net of boreholes with the a controlled inter-pipe and drill string-borehole annulue space - a compound - boreholes, the distance between which and a number of steps is chosen depending on porosity and permeability of rocks. The steps of the compound-boreholes are placed perpendicularly to the traffic route of the natural stream of the underground potable water, and a pumping in of the solutions of reagents is made through annulue space and inter-pipe space of compounds - holes simultaneously with a crude and a gas production from a pay. The technical result is a reliable provision of purification of underground potable water at simultaneous production of a crude and a gas.

EFFECT: the invention ensures a reliable provision of purification of underground potable water at simultaneous production of a crude and a gas.

1 dwg

FIELD: gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes extraction of resource by mechanical drilling and extraction of slurry and rock pieces through well. Gas extraction is performed by horizontal drilling with washing and back expansion, with concurrent cleaning and separation of fresh extracted mixture and accumulation of gas. Delivery of expander of ultra-large working size to expansion place is performed through well subjected for backward expansion. Pressure, temperature and composition of washing liquid is adjusted in such a way, that free natural gas, freed during mechanical drilling, was dissolved in drilling mud and separated from it only after passing of separator through rotating preventer. Expander in form of rocker with cutters is used, expanding well diameter up to ten meters and more.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes insertion of compound of foam-forming and gas-forming substances, dissolving these in bed water, and forming of gas and foam and replacement of well liquid with foam, while as foam-forming substance sulphonole is used with sulphamine acid as reaction initiator. Liquid is extracted in two stages: at first stage upper portion of liquid column is piston-effected, at second stage water-soluble foam-forming substance is injected into well with foam stabilizer and reaction initiator, as well as gas-forming substance, while water-soluble foam-forming and gas-forming substances are inserted into well directly after piston-effecting, and water-soluble foam-forming substance additionally has surfactants. Mass of foam-forming substance is determined from conditions: Mff=(0.005-0.01)KMw, where K - component coefficient, Mw - mass of water removed from the well. As gas-forming substance, ammonium carbonate is used in amount 40-50 kg for 100 linear meters of water column in a well. Piston-effecting is performed with productiveness in no less than two times greater than well debit.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg