System and method of automatic integration of device into network system
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic integration of a device into a network system so that a user does not have to tune or configure a new device. The method includes the following stages: a new device is detected for integration into a network system; a reference device of the network system is determined, and functional capabilities of the reference device are copied to the new device; at the same time the stage of detection of the new device for integration into the network system includes determination of new device capabilities, and the stage of determination of the reference device of the network system includes determination of the reference device of the network system with capabilities that are close to capabilities of the new device.
EFFECT: possibility to integrate a new device into a network system, without necessity for a user to interact with this system, due to procedure of automatic copying of functional capabilities of a device to a new device integrated into a network system.
9 cl, 5 dwg
The technical field to which the invention relates
The invention relates to the automatic integration of devices such as a lamp, in such a network system, the network lighting system, so that the user does not have to set up or configure a new device or a lamp, respectively.
The prior art inventions
Currently, in most environments, lighting incorporates separate lighting units that have a simple, unambiguous connection with dimmer switches. These environments do not allow convenient and centralized management, for example, remote control units, and a light providing illumination environment. However, in the foreseeable future, this will change due to the fact that the network lighting systems will become more widespread, which will make possible the best solutions for energy efficiency, providing lighting environment, wireless remote control and so on. Despite the fact that the lighting systems are more energy efficient than separate blocks of lighting, they are also more complex, for example, in relation to the setup and configuration of the lamps. An example of a complex lighting unit for use in the home is the LivingColors lamp™ the applicant.The LivingColors lamp™ contains remote control, which allows the user to conveniently adjust the color and intensity of light, in particular to select your preferred color from the color range. The user can also manage multiple LivingColors™, shaping the lighting system in the home, as well as to control multiple lights with one remote control.
Patent WO 2008/068693 A1 relates to the replacement of devices in the network, similar to the lighting control system, in particular wireless network. For hot swap of the device operating data device to determine the actual functionality that is stored in the storage device. After physically replacing the device stored data is downloaded to a new device. Thus, it is possible quick and simple replacement of an existing device on the network.
The aim of the invention is the provision of a method and controller, which allow for the easy integration of new devices in the network system, in particular, without the need of any user interaction with the system or simply need a minimum of user interaction with the system, such as connecting a new device to the network and turn it on.
The objective is achieved by the independent claims. The AOC is e, options for implementation are represented by the dependent claims.
The basic idea of the invention is to provide a kind of automatic process of commissioning of such new devices as lamps that are integrated into the lighting system. In particular, the invention provides an automatic backup functionality lamp lighting system on the new lamp, which is integrated into the lighting system. The new device, unlike patent WO 2008/068693 A1 is not a replacement for another device and is added to the network system as an additional device. Therefore, not only the duplicated data is copied to a new device, but is determined by the reference device, which, for example, largely coincides with the new bulb mode through the availability of capacity, similar to the capabilities of the new device and its functionality are copied to the new device to the new device worked immediately without the need of any user interaction with the system. In particular, the invention is applicable in a networked lighting systems in order to make easier the operation of the lamps of the lighting system, and the integration of new lamps in the lighting system is much more Udo is poor.
A variant embodiment of the invention provides a method of automatic integration of devices in a network system containing automatically performed steps:
discovery of the new device, which will be integrated in a network system,
- determining a reference device of the network system, and
- copy functionality reference device to your new device.
Functionality can, for example, contain a particular state of the reference device, which is determined, for example, through such settings as the settings of the color and intensity of the lamp as that of the reference device so that the user no need to configure a new lamp or device. In addition, the functionality may contain certain modes of operation of the reference lamp, defined, for example, by means of lighting effects that can be created using a reference lamp or device. Thus, the new device can be fully integrated into the network without the need for manual adjustment by the user, and immediately after integration can work as already integrated device.
In an additional embodiment of the invention
the detection step of the new device is TBA, which will be integrated in a network system, in addition, may contain a determination of the capabilities of the new device, and
the step of determining a reference device of the network system may include determining a reference device of the networked system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device. For example, if in a networked lighting system should integrate the new lamp, the method can automatically detect that a new lamp is able to provide lighting within a certain range of colors. Then the method can determine the lamp networked lighting system, for example an existing working lamp or old lamp networked lighting system, which can generate light within a range of colors, which is either identical to the range of colors of light that can be created with a new lamp, or contains a range of colors of light new bulb. Determining a reference device of the networked system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device is a kind of coincidence opportunities and may not only contain, in the case of lamps as network devices of the lighting system, the range of colors created lighting, but some features such light, such as intensity and such created lighting effects, dynamic lighting effects.
In addition, a variant embodiment of the invention stipulates that
the step of determining a reference device of the networked system may contain a determination device network system, which was disconnected from the network system, and, in addition, may contain identifying opportunities disconnected devices. This makes possible a rapid and simple replacement of the device network system, without the need for regulation of the replacement device to work the same as the replaced device. In addition, broken device can easily and quickly be replaced in this embodiment, the inventive method.
In an additional embodiment of the invention the step of defining device network system, which was disconnected from the network system may include restoration opportunities disconnected the device from the storage device on the subject of opportunities disconnected devices. For example, the network system may register any device in the storage device together with its capabilities. In addition, the network system may register in the storage device, if the device is removed from the network system, in particular disconnected or broken. The term "isolated" means the device is removed from the system in the same way, to the to and removing devices from the network devices. Stored data on disconnected devices can later be used to add new devices to the system and simplify replacement of disconnected devices new devices. Procedure detach devices can also be saved. Thus, if detached many devices, and then later add a new device it is stored or other specific procedure can be used to identify matching or similar device. For example, first add the device may be opposed to the oldest from remote or disconnected from the stored devices. Or first add the device may be opposed to the last remote devices. Can be used a variety of strategies to match new device disconnected device to best meet user requirements and more sensitive mode of operation of the method in accordance with the invention with the simultaneous replacement of multiple devices.
Another variant implementation of the invention stipulates that the search capabilities disconnected devices from the storage device on the subject of opportunities disconnected devices may include determining a reference device of the networked system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device is as disconnected from the stored devices. This can be achieved, for example, by searching for the device among the stored disconnected devices, which can be, for example, similar to the new devices possible, instead of, for example, to boot the first dataset is disconnected the device from the storage device and to use the opportunities of this dataset for the new device, which can lead to the fact that the new device does not use all its functionality.
In accordance with an additional embodiment of the invention may be provided with a computer program that allows the execution processor of the above-mentioned method in accordance with the invention.
In accordance with an additional embodiment of the invention, the recording medium retaining a computer program in accordance with the invention, may be provided, for example, CD-ROM, DVD, memory card, floppy disk, disk storage, network, Internet or similar media suitable for storing computer program for optical or electronic access.
An additional variant embodiment of the invention provides a computer programmed to perform the method in accordance with the invention, such as PC (personal computer) or even a mustache is a device with an integrated computer or controller, which can be configured as a controller of the network system.
Another variant of the invention provides a network system controller to integrate the device in a network system in which the controller is adapted to
discovery of the new device, which will be integrated in a network system,
- determining a reference device of the network system, and
- copy functionality reference device to your new device.
In accordance with the embodiment of the invention, the controller can also be adapted to perform the method of the invention and as described above.
In another additional embodiment of the invention, the controller may be implemented as a remote controller for a network system, and may include a wireless communication unit, adaptable to a managed wirelessly to the device network system.
These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent and explained with reference to are described in the following implementation options.
In the following the invention will be described in more detail with reference to illustrative embodiments of. However, the invention is not limited to these illustrative options for implementation.
Brief description of drawings
Fig.1 depicts a diagram of a sequence variant of the method of copying the functionality of the lamp of the lighting system on the new lamp in accordance with the invention;
Fig.2 depicts an implementation option step S10 of the flow diagrams depicted in Fig.1;
Fig.3 depicts an implementation option step S12 of the flow diagrams depicted in Fig.1;
Fig.4 shows a variant implementation of step S13 of the flow diagrams depicted in Fig.1; and
Fig.5 depicts an implementation option of the lighting system, which adds a new lamp in the case of the method in accordance with the invention.
Detailed description of embodiments
In subsequent functionally similar or identical elements can have the same reference numbers. Now the invention is explained through networked lighting system, as an example of the network system. Lamps or lighting units of this network lighting systems are devices. However, the invention is not limited to use in a networked lighting systems, and can be applied in any network system, such as a network management system house or office or similar. Moreover, in the following description, the terms "light" and "light Assembly" used in esults as synonyms, describing one and the same technical means. If in the following description uses the term "lighting system", we mean the network lighting system as an option for implementation of network systems, as applied to the present invention.
Modern lighting systems allow you to adjust and configure various settings of the lamps, such as color and intensity of lighting and lighting effects. However, the configuration and setup of a new lamp, which is integrated into the lighting system can be time-consuming and tedious due to the usually large number of parameters that can be adjusted by the user.
Now, the present invention allows the user to quickly integrate the new lamp into the lighting system, without the need for any regulation. The process of integrating a new lamp, performed in accordance with the invention, explained in the following with reference to Fig.1, depicting the sequence of operations implemented in software tools inventive method for integrating the lamp.
In the first step S10, by the lighting system finds a new lamp. For example, if the new lamp LivingColors™ should be integrated into the lighting system, consisting of multiple LivingColors lamps™, a new lamp is automatically assigned to N. the first identifier, see step S101 to the step S10 shown in Fig.2, which depicts the step S10. The appointment of a new identifier can be performed using a wireless remote control lighting system, if it receives a wireless signal from a new lamp, which may contain a unique network address of the new lamp, such as some sort of MAC address (access control environment data). However, it should be noted that in many cases, addresses are assigned to devices and installed at the factory. Thus, this step is required only if the lamp has no address. On subsequent podate S102 to the step S10 (Fig.2) wireless remote control device may query the capabilities of the new lighting bulb such as an adjustable range of colors, lighting, lighting effects, etc.
In the second stage S12/S13 is determined by reference lamp lighting system. The determination of the standard lamp contributes to the determination of the location of the lamp lighting system with lighting, similar to the lighting features of the new lamp. In accordance with the invention provided and outlined in Fig.3 and 4 two different ways of setting the reference lamp.
The first method, as shown in Fig.3 and defined by the step S12, the content is t, the following sub-steps: podate S121 lighting a new lamp in accordance with the request at step S102 is compared with the possibilities of lighting lamps, already integrated into the lighting system. This comparison process is not a simple comparison of two values, and is a more complex process of finding the lamp lighting features that are most similar to the lighting features of the new lamp. The comparison process can be influenced by various aspects: one aspect is the current settings of the lighting lamp system and the available settings of the lighting of the new lamp. Another aspect is the lighting effects generated by the lamp system and the ability to create lighting effects through a new lamp. An additional aspect may be, for example, the power consumption of the lamps of the lighting system. In subsequent podate S122 one lamp lighting system with similar features lighting is defined as the reference lamp for a new lamp on the basis of the result of the comparison process of step S121. In a nutshell, the new lamp is configured so that it operates as existing lamp lighting system that best matches the capabilities of the new lighting the lamp, for example, which has the greatest similarity of its features lighting with new lamps. For example, if a new lamp is able to provide orange light and one lamp lighting system configured to generate the light ìנאםזוג}, the last lamp is defined as the reference lamp for a new lamp, and its settings to create a orange light is copied to the new lamp so trim, so she created an orange light immediately after integration. Thus, the user sees a reasonable work by default for a new lamp, integrated into the lighting system.
The second method of determining the reference lamp is shown in Fig.4 and indicated by the step S13: the first podate S131 is determined by the lamp, which was disconnected from the lighting system. Disconnected the lamp may, for example, be a remote bulb or a broken lamp. After disconnecting the lamp lighting, including its settings and configuration settings are stored in the storage device to the disconnected lamps together with its identifier in the lighting system. Lighting can also be saved before removing the lamp, for example, at any time during the life of the lamp, in the storage device to the disconnected lamps, and if the lamp is disconnected, it can be set stamp in the storage device so that it's clear what light actually is disconnected. Then explained the process of determining the reference lamp in accordance with the second method. For example, if the lamp, represent the work by green light, and with ID 3 in the lighting system, disconnected, for example, through its separation from the lighting system or by switching it off, the options for customizing the appearance of the green light and ID 3 are stored in the storage device to the disconnected lamps. On podate S131 may be used for several identification strategies lamp. For example, it may be determined lamp, which was disconnected last. In addition, among the disconnected lamps can be found the lamp, which has the best possible light, similar to the lighting features of the new lamp, all disconnected bulbs stored in the storage device. The following podate S132 identifies opportunities for lighting certain disconnected lamp. For example, if podate 131 was determined disconnected lamp with ID 3, its settings, representing the green light, can be loaded from the storage device to the disconnected lamps. Alternatively, it may be determined lighting disconnected lamps, which are best suited for a new lamp.
Returning now to Fig.1, the process continues to step S14: at this stage, the functionality of a specific reference lamps are copied to the new lamp for the full integration of the new lamp into the lighting system. Functional POS of the property can be transferred to the new lamp through a wireless communication, for example, controlled through wireless remote control lighting system.
Fig.5 shows the integration of the new lamps in the lighting system in such a wireless remote control as a remote control lamp LivingColors™: a new integrable lamp is indicated by reference number 14. Reference number 10 denotes an existing lamp lighting system. Reference number 12 indicates the lamp is disconnected from the lighting system. The lighting of this lamp 12 were saved in the device 16 data storage for detached lamps after disconnecting the lamp 12. Now, in accordance with the invention is the process of integration in the following way. If you include a new lamp 14, it is detected wirelessly by the wireless remote controller 18 remote control lighting system (step S10). Then the remote control 18 remote control automatically initiates the process of integration without any user interaction with the system. It is performed by determining the lamp 10 as the reference lamp (step S12) and through direct copying capabilities illumination lamp 10 on the new lamp unit 14 (step S14). Alternatively, the device 18 remote control can determine disconnected La the PU 12 of the device 16 for storing data in the reference lamp (step S13) and the possibility of covering this disconnected lamp 12 can be copied from the device 16, data storage on the new lamp unit 14 (step S14).
As described above, the invention, in particular, allows us to solve two problems of complex lighting systems:
1. If the user adds a new lamp in a lighting system, the lighting system automatically knows how to use it.
2. If the user replaces (broken or disconnected) lamp with a new lamp, it works the same way, as I used an old lamp. For example, if the old lamp was orange light under the table in a certain environment, the user wanted a new lamp was performing the same task. In particular, it is difficult in systems where connectivity is wireless, because there is no (simple) way to know where to put the new lamp: the system does not know that the new lamp is placed under the table.
As explained above, the invention offers a solution to both problems, without having to perform any additional steps, in addition to installation, connectivity new lighting to the lighting system, which, as a rule, goes automatically turns on the light Assembly.
In accordance with the invention, problem 1 can be solved so that after integration of the new lamp in a lighting system, it had a view in the system in PR is dmet, whether the light Assembly with the same technical characteristics. For example, in a lighting system consisting of multiple LivingColors lamps™, the system can be attached new LivingColors lamp™. The LivingColors lamp™ will get some address or identifier by the lighting system, such as ID 1. It will have some functionality, such as displaying an orange light in a certain environment. Now, a new LivingColors lamp™ is added to the system. It through the system is given a new ID, say ID 2. The system sees that the unit 2 lighting has capabilities similar to unit 1 lighting, and, therefore, will copy the functionality of the unit 1 lighting (i.e. the submission of orange light on the unit 2 lighting. Of course, when using another type of a new lamp (for example, a lamp that can provide cool and warm white light), then the system will attempt to correlate it with existing lighting unit with such features, for example, conducting a search for an existing lighting unit with similar features lighting. Thus, the new lamp is used in exactly the same way as was used and the old bulb with the same technical characteristics. Thus, the user sees the reasonable operation of the new source is the infrared light by default.
For problem 2, the system can memorize the functionality performed, for example, through the last off of the lighting unit. The first new connected lamp can be controlled in exactly the same way as last turned off the lamp. For example, the system can be connected lamp LivingColors™. The LivingColors lamp™ gives some address or identifier by the lighting system. Let it be ID 1. If it is disconnected, the system remembers the last connected the power light was lighting unit with ID 1. It will also remember the functionality that was available in the unit 1 lighting. Now connect the new light Assembly. He will get the ID, for example 2. Now, the system will try to use 2 same as 1. This means that it will search functionality 1 (i.e. the submission of orange light) and apply them to 2. Thus, provided that the user replaces only one lamp at a time, there is no additional phase commissioning required for the replacement of lighting units. The process can be modified to give the user the ability to replace many light sources at the same time. This system can memorize the order in which the lamp ataegina the tsya, and to add their functionality to the queue q. Whenever the lamp is disconnected, q will be removed from the queue. A new lamp will be the same with this functionality. Thus, the user can replace many lamps at the same time, provided that he attaches a new lamp in the same order in which disconnected the old lamp. (Some users may find it more appropriate to perform this process in reverse order, and in this case can be used a stack-based storage device). In addition, the system can memorize the technical characteristics of each switchable unit lighting. For example, she can remember that the LivingColors lamp™ (representing orange color under the table) is disconnected with ID 1, and the light that is able to provide cool and warm white light disconnected with ID 2. Whenever you connect the new lamp that can provide cool and warm white light, the system will compare their technical specifications technical specifications lamp, which was usually the ID 2. Whenever you connect the new lamp, capable of representing color, the system will compare their technical specifications lamp, which was usually the ID of 1.
The invention can be applied to l the battle system lighting with multiple light sources, for example, if the practical application in lighting homes, shops and offices. In particular, it is suitable for simple configuration of light sources and commissioning of lighting, in particular, by end-users in the home environment.
At least some of the functionality of the invention can be performed by hardware or software. In the case of the variant implemented in software tools can be used once or many standard microprocessors or microcontrollers to process one or many of the algorithms that implement the invention.
It should be noted that the word "contains" does not exclude other elements or steps, and that the use of the singular does not exclude the presence of multiple. In addition, any reference signatures in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.
1. A way to automatically integrate the device in a network system containing automatically perform the steps are:
find a new device (14) for integration in a network system (S10),
determine the reference device (10; 12) network systems (S12; S13), and
copy functionality reference device to your new device (S14),
the discovery of a new in the of trojstva (14) for integration in a network system (S10) contains the definition of the capabilities of the new device (S101, S102), and
the detection phase reference device (10) network (S12) contains the definition of the reference device network system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device (S121, S122).
2. The method according to p. 1, in which
the step of determining a reference device of the networked system (S13) contains the definition of the device (12) of the network system, which was disconnected from the network system (S31) and, in addition, contains the definition of the capabilities of the disconnected device (S132).
3. The method according to p. 2, in which
stage identify opportunities disconnected device (12) includes search capabilities disconnected devices in the device (16) storage of data on the subject of opportunities disconnected devices.
4. The method according to p. 3, in which
stage of the search capabilities disconnected devices in the device (16) storage of data on the subject of opportunities disconnected devices contains the definition of the reference device (12) network system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device (14) from the saved disconnected devices (S132).
5. The recording medium on which is stored a computer program that allows the execution processor according to any of paragraphs.1-4.
6. The computer is programmed to perform the method in accordance with any of paragraphs.1-4 and configured in the quality of the ve controller network system.
7. The controller (18) network system for integrating device (14) in a network system in which the controller is adapted to
detection of the new device (14) for integration in a network system with the above-mentioned detection contains the definition of the capabilities of the new device,
determine the reference device (10; 12) network systems, and the said definition contains the definition of the reference device network system with capabilities similar to the capabilities of the new device, and
copy functionality reference device (10; 12) on the new device (14).
8. The controller on p. 7, further adapted to perform the method according to any of paragraphs.1-4 claims.
9. The controller under item 7 or 8, which is implemented as a remote controller of a network system containing a wireless communication unit, adapted for wireless device management network system.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. An excitation circuit of LED with adjustable brightness includes a resonant DC/DC converter connected to a resonant circuit. The converter includes a half-wave or double-wave switching circuit connected to the resonant circuit. An output signal of the resonant circuit is rectified and supplied to an output circuit. The output circuit can contain at least one series or shunting LED switch for switching on and off a LED unit. The control circuit controls switches of the switching circuit with a variable switching frequency and is configured to control the switching circuit for amplitude modulation of the converter and for pulse-width modulation of the converter with the first frequency of pulse-width modulation that is lower than the switching frequency. The control circuit can be additionally configured to control switching of the LED switch with the second frequency of pulse-width modulation that is lower than the switching frequency.
EFFECT: providing deep brightness adjustment with stable control of a working cycle of pulse-width modulation.
10 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: suggested invention refers to the sphere of artificial lighting control and regulation using powerful light-emitting diodes (LEDs) supplied from external direct current sources. Technical result consists in increase of LEDs service life and accuracy of current regulation due to regulation against average current, and it is attained due to generation of a pulse-width modulated signal controlling the built-in transistor switch by integration of a signal from the current sensor and its comparison with synchronous saw-tooth voltage, wherein RS-trigger, logic elements and a source of reference thermostable voltage is used in order to ensure protection from reduction of input voltage, short-circuiting current and overheating of the elements. The device checking has been made by simulation modelling in OrCAD environment and by experimental measurements. Results of the investigations demonstrated that the suggested device allows increase in current stabilisation accuracy up to 3%, linearity of specifications and reproducibility of the current source for LEDs, usage of lower inductances (50-500 mcH) and ability of dimming by external signal. In case of breakdown of one of light emitters the remaining LEDs will continue functioning with the specific current value.
EFFECT: advantage of this device is high current stability, which prevents overloading of any LED in a succession and ensures large service life.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the method of control for the lighting system (1), which has a variety of polygonal lighting modules (3) assembled as a matrix and a control device (7) connected to one of the lighting modules. The lighting modules are arranged randomly; in result each lighting module may interact with neighbouring lighting modules by communication units (11) assembled at all sides of the lighting module. In standby mode each lighting module performs configuration procedure that includes: receipt of address data and data on lighting orientation from the neighbouring lighting module, at that the address data comprise several address elements, which are referred to the relative position of the neighbouring lighting module; levelling of own lighting orientation towards orientation of the neighbouring lighting module, from which address data and data on lighting orientation are received; and identification of its own address by increasing and decreasing at least one address element depending on the lighting module position in regards to the position of the neighbouring lighting module in compliance with the predetermined addressing plan. At connection to the control device the lighting module receives initial address data and data on lighting orientation from the control device.
EFFECT: improving flexibility of control.
7 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a lighting system containing light sources for common lighting, light sources for local lighting and presence sensors for detection of presence in a number of zones of presence and for control of light sources for common lighting and light sources for local lighting. Each presence sensor can perform wireless communication to other presence sensors. After detection of presence at least in one zone is completed, presence sensors detecting the presence activate at least one light source for common lighting and send a control signal to other presence sensors for activation of other light sources for common lighting, and brightness of a group of light sources for local lighting, which light up an occupied zone, is set to a level that is higher than brightness of the rest light sources for local lighting. The invention also relates to the appropriate control method of a lighting system of this kind.
EFFECT: reduction of energy consumption.
15 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The device comprises a current controller configured to receive dimming input signal, which is a variable showing the percentage of maximum excitation current supplied to LED load and to output a signal with pulse-width modulation (PWM signal) and reference voltage, a current transducer configured to receive voltage supply and to ensure output current and a shunt switch connected to the current controller and current transducer and between the current controller and LED load. The shunt switch is configured to divert at least part of the output current from the current transducer and from delivery to the LED load when the shunt switch is conducting, at that the shunt switch is not conducting when the dimming input signal shows that the percentage exceeds the threshold level.
EFFECT: improving efficiency of LED current control based on dimming input signal.
14 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to a light fixture containing light sources placed at least in the first group of light sources and in the second light sources, at that the above first and second groups of light sources are controlled separately. Light-collecting facilities collect light from the first group of light sources and convert it to beams of light sources. The light sources and light-collecting facilities are placed in the body emitting beams of the light sources. The body includes a coating containing at least one dissipating area and at least one non-dissipating area. The dissipating area receives light generated by the second group of light sources and dissipates it. Beams of the light sources pass non-dissipating areas without light dissipation.
EFFECT: development of new design for the light fixture.
13 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The application is submitted for the controller, method and system for light control depending on ambient illumination conditions. The controller (110) intended to control lighting of working space close to the display (253) includes a memory unit (113) where the user's preferences are stored as related to lighting of the working space; the processor (111) referring to the user's preferences in the memory unit; and interface (112) between the processor and an electronic sensor (231) mounted close to the display, at that interface reads the sensor readings. The processor compares the reading with the user's preferences and sends a command to adjust lighting of the working space to at least one lighting facility (241). A photo sensor, a proximity sensor, an orientation sensor or a position sensor may be used as the electronic sensor. In some design versions the interface reads the reading of the electronic sensor through a wireless link.
EFFECT: lower electrical power consumption.
20 cl, 6 tbl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The lamp unit (100) with plurality of light sources (120a-e) is controlled by the control unit (110) designed to control a sequence of excitation settings (Sa-e) for the plurality of light sources based on switching signal (Sk) delivered to the lamp unit. The control unit is made so that it sets valid excitation settings in the preset way depending on time elapsed between the signal deactivation and repeated activation. Within limits of the first preset time interval the subsequent excitation setting is used for the light sources, upon the second preset time interval the previous excitation setting is used for the light sources, and within limits of the intermediate time interval between ending of the first preset time interval and ending of the second preset time interval the preset excitation setting is used.
EFFECT: improved quality of colour settings for the lighting system.
15 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Coded light is suggested was suggested to ensure improved control for light sources and data transfer using light sources. The invention specifies methods, devices and systems for effective address assignment in coded lighting systems, at that providing probability of unique identification. Address assignment is performed during two phases wherein unique global addresses are used at the initial stage while unique local addresses are used at the second stage. Thus methods, devices and systems are disclosed to configure effective distribution of the address list against the light sources list at the second stage.
EFFECT: simplifying the system of illuminators control and increasing its operational efficiency in order to maximize assessment efficiency of the contribution to lighting and positioning.
12 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The lamp exciting method and device (2) includes stages whereat: electric current of the lamp is generated (Iconst) with constant value; commutation period is preset with duration equal to Tcomm; time-base sweep is preset for initial moments of commutation with fixed mutual intervals of 0.5xTcomm; data to be outputted at the light output are received; electric current of the lamp is commutated at commutation moments; at that separate commutations are time-modulated in order to code the above received data. The commutation moment shall be preferably: either equal to the initial moment of commutation when there are no data to be outputted or advanced per modulation interval (Δ) in regard to the respective initial moment of commutation for coding of data having the first value ("0") or delayed per the above modulation interval (Δ) in regard to the respective initial moment of commutation for coding of data having the second value ("1").
EFFECT: increased data processing rate during data coding to output light generated by the lamp.
15 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: private base station comprises: a processing unit configured to scan data of overlaying macro cells of a public radio network in order to report the location of the private base station; a communication device configured to request a connectivity service from the public radio network by using identification data of the private base station and the location of the private base station; and a communication device configured to receive grant to use the requested connectivity service once the identification data have been verified by the public radio network.
EFFECT: facilitating automatic configuration of private base stations in a public bearer network.
34 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus comprises: devices which are connected to the same network and are allocated for the same limited space. A transmitting device is configured to transmit access information for devices in said limited space over a limited-range transmission channel different from the transmission channel(s) of the network control system. In this manner, which substantially limits reception of access information within said limited space, wherein said access information contains an access identifier for obtaining access for controlling one or more devices in said limited space. The transmitting device frequently changes the access identifier contained in the transmitted access information such that only receiving devices receiving an access identifier in the limited space may obtain access to devices in the limited space.
EFFECT: faster transmission of information within a network.
12 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to management of documents, particularly to applications for creating and managing persistent document collections. The technical result is achieved owing to a data storage which is used to store one or more persistent document collections, a content management application which is used for managing documents for users, for creating one or more persistent document collections of a sub-set of the documents upon user request, and for storing the one or more persistent document collections in the data storage, wherein users can create one or more persistent document collections from a sub-set of the documents and also modify the one or more persistent document collections; a requested portion of one or more persistent document collections can be output upon request from an external application so that the external application can download one or more of the documents that are represented by the persistent document collection for further modification by the user.
EFFECT: providing automated access to a plurality of persistent document collections by assigning a persistent document collection an attribute which indicates one or more external applications with which the persistent document collection shares its documents.
15 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of controlling transmissions of a batteryless device (1) operating in a wireless network. The method comprises steps of: the batteryless device (1) transmitting a frame including elements for controlling operation of a remote device (2a) or controlled device, the batteryless device being configured with a predetermined number of planned retransmissions of the control frame; the batteryless device sensing a change in the physical phenomenon induced by operation of the controlled device (2a); the batteryless device determining, based on the sensing step, the success or failure of the frame transmission; if the transmission has succeeded, the batteryless device omitting further retransmissions of the control frame.
EFFECT: high efficiency of saving power.
14 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of executing a function of a DNS resolution agent. The method comprises receiving a DNS request from a DNS requester and determining whether the DNS request is a repeated request; when the DNS request is not a repeated request, sending a DNS request message to DNS servers in a DNS server list in turn according to a fixed time interval and waiting to receive a request response returned by the DNS server in a waiting time not greater than the fixed time interval; delivering a valid request response to the request received in the waiting time to the DNS requester; when no request response is received from a DNS server in the waiting time, reducing the priority of the DNS server in the DNS server list to the lowest level.
EFFECT: reducing response time for a DNS request from a device.
8 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to network communication, particularly a method and an apparatus for creating a peer-to-peer group and a method of using a peer-to-peer group. Said method includes the following steps: at the first step a user terminal obtains one or more primary nodes from a peer-to-peer (P2P) network server; the P2P network server returns said one or more primary nodes in accordance with an adjusted policy; the user terminal creates a primary P2P group from said primary nodes; nodes of the primary P2P group interact with each other to obtain information about other nodes of other P2P groups and create a new P2P group based on the information about said other nodes. Therefore, said new P2P group facilitates a stable interconnection between nodes and the nodes can properly serve if network resources are needed. Furthermore, node control is carried out in the user terminal, thereby reducing the operating load and costs on the server, wherein the nodes can be better utilised and user satisfaction with network performance is improved.
EFFECT: lower operating load on the server when performing control.
8 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wireless communication engineering and can be used to grant reverse direction transmission. The method of scheduling with reverse direction transmission grant comprises receiving, in a receiver from a transmitter, a multi-poll frame that schedules transmissions for a number of time periods associated with transmission opportunities; transmitting data in a first direction from the receiver to said transmitter according to the multi-poll frame, wherein data transmission is terminated before the end of a specific period from the scheduled time periods; transmitting a reverse direction transmission grant from the receiver to said transmitter, wherein the reverse direction transmission grant allows the transmitter to transmit data in a second direction to the receiver using a specific period from the scheduled time periods associated with a specific transmission opportunity; and receiving, in the receiver, data transmitted in a second direction from said transmitter, which schedules transmissions during a specific time period from the scheduled time periods associated with a specific transmission opportunity.
EFFECT: high efficiency of using communication channel bandwidth when communicating with scheduled time periods which grant specific stations access to the channel.
20 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system and a method for duty-free trade on a vehicle. The system includes a customs processing and logistics unit, which includes a central server and a customs authority server, connected to each other via the Internet, as well as a customs terminal, a unit of stations for consolidation, distribution and packaging of orders, which includes a local commodity storage and a server for collecting, processing and distributing orders, an order unit, which includes a personal computer of the customer, a fixed terminal for receiving orders over a local area network, an operational unit, which includes a mobile system comprising a mobile personal computer with a commodity database, as well as a wireless data collection terminal, a wireless scanner of machine-readable barcodes, a wireless printer, a self-contained cash register and a mobile POS terminal for receiving payments using bank cards, wherein the units are connected to each other wirelessly and with servers of the stations for consolidation, distribution and packaging of orders via the Internet.
EFFECT: faster reception and processing of orders using computer tools.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to network data communication technology and particularly to a method and a device for link protection in a virtual private local area network. The technical result is reducing loss of data by creating a standby tunnel to which service is switched if malfunction is detected in the main tunnel. The method disclosed herein includes: in a networking process of a VPLS network, a link protection device establishing a main tunnel and a standby tunnel of MPLS TE for a link, and creating a VPLS forwarding table to deal with the information of the established MPLS TE main tunnel and standby tunnel; and when receiving a VPLS message, the link protection device searching the information of the MPLS TE main tunnel of the VPLS message according to a way of accessing the VPLS network of the VPLS message and the VPLS forwarding table, and if the found MPLS TE main tunnel is invalid, then transmitting the received VPLS message by adopting the standby tunnel of the MPLS TE main tunnel.
EFFECT: technical scheme of the present invention can improve the local protection function of VPLS network and reduce loss of service traffic.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering and specifically to communication systems. A method of setting connection policies for a plurality of network paths from a first endpoint to a second endpoint involves: receiving a first set of candidate addresses of the first endpoint and a second set of candidate addresses of the second endpoint; generating a plurality of candidate address pairs, wherein each of the plurality of candidate address pairs comprises an address from the first set of candidate addresses paired with an address of the second set of candidate addresses; determining a network path for each of said plurality of address pairs and setting a connection policy for each said plurality of pairs, network addresses and associated network paths. The system implements said method. A computer storage medium contains instructions which execute said method when executed by a processor.
EFFECT: improved quality of transmitting data between network devices by setting a connection policy for a plurality of network paths from a first endpoint to a second endpoint.
20 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway automation and telemechanics, specifically to systems for controlling train movement. A two-channel system for controlling train movement comprises two control channels, two microprocessors, a power supply unit, a wired-in check unit, an interfacing unit and electro-pneumatic valve windings. Control outputs of the first microprocessor are connected through the first decoupling resistors to control inputs of the second microprocessor, and control outputs of the second microprocessor are connected through decoupling resistors to control inputs of the first microprocessor. Furthermore, each microprocessor comprises at least one internal timer and one analogue-to-digital converter with an interface for alternate connection to the power supply unit and control outputs of the microprocessor of its control channel.
EFFECT: high reliability of the two-channel system for controlling train movement without deterioration of the security level thereof.
2 cl, 2 dwg