Goods transfer station

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: goods transfer station (1, 1') loaded and unloaded from the first side (2) contains tray (3) with load-carrying appliance (4) which tray is made capable to be pushed in and again drawn out of station to transfer goods from the first side, and three aligning appliances (6, 8, 10) each one of which aligns load carrying appliance in one of three axial directions (x, y, z) respectively. The third aligning appliance (10) contains lifting device (12) with raising leg (13). The tray contains through hole (14) via which the raising leg passes which leg serves for load carrying appliance lifting without lifting the tray itself.

EFFECT: goods unloading is simplified.

8 cl, 5 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a station for handling goods, which made loading and unloading of goods with the front and rear sides. The invention also relates to a device for handling goods with two such stations for the handling of goods that are located next to each other.

Station for handling goods are well-known in many areas of production where cost considerations should occur, if possible, quick and simple overload of the delivered goods. In particular, it also plays a big role so-called production system "on schedule" in which warehouses for the reception of goods in most cases completely unnecessary, and the supply of goods required for production, is continuous and always in the right moment. Due to the absence of large warehouses for the reception of goods it is possible to achieve significant cost savings.

In order to make possible the discharge of details robotic machines with similar stations for transshipment of goods, they have to be installed always in the same place to avoid damage robots-machines and to ensure a safe grip.

The present invention is to improve the station for handling goods, in particular, potoczny line so to enable automated unloading of goods.

This task is accomplished according to the invention with the objects of the independent claims. Preferred embodiments of are the object of dependent claims.

The invention is based on the same idea, which is to equip the known station for handling goods in the production line of the new leveling device, which allows the alignment of the carrying device in the x-, y - and z-directions and as a consequence precise spatial positioning of the unloaded goods inside the station for handling goods. Due to the space exactly specified position of the load-carrying fixtures located therein goods spatial accurately positioned and can be better automatically captured. The station for handling goods according to the invention can first hand be downloaded and uploaded and contains a tray, on which is mounted load-carrying device, in particular basket of goods. When the pallet with the load-carrying device retracts and again put forward by pulling with the first side of the station for handling goods. Submission of the pallet with the load-carrying device implementing tsetse usually with the help of so-called route (towing) truck, trying to feed the pallet and load-carrying devices are placed in a straight line opposite the station for handling goods, making the pallet together with the installed load-carrying device can be easily pushed into the station. Such is the seizure of the pallet with the installed and unloaded the load-carrying device. Station for handling goods according to the invention now has the first alignment device which aligns, at least, of the carrying device in the x-direction in the station for handling goods. The second leveling device according to the invention aligns the carrying device inside the station for handling goods in the y-direction, while the third equalizing device in the station for handling goods performs the alignment in the z-direction, i.e. vertically. Under the x-direction understand the direction of lowering of the pallet or load-carrying devices in the station for handling goods, while the y-direction occurs across it. For automated unloading portions of the load-carrying device, in particular by using the robots, it is necessary that the parts to be unloaded, was always located at the same place inside the station for handling goods. Uh what about the is achieved by only three leveling devices, as they align the carrying device in the x-, y-, z-directions. At least a third of the alignment device is initially programmed at appropriate positions in the alignment, so that after lowering the respective load-carrying devices is usually carried out fully automated alignment of the carrying device and the contained goods. This kind of station for handling goods according to the invention allows the use of robots, in particular, in areas with production lines for Assembly of parts; these parts will be served in the above-described load-carrying devices.

In one preferred improvement of the claimed solution, the first alignment device includes at least one stop on the end of at least one horizontal or at least one side of the roller conveyor or next to it. The focus of such limits, thus promoting inside the device in the x-direction in the station for handling goods and is a very simple and economically advantageous way of implementing the first alignment fixture. The second leveling device contains, for example, two side rollers, between which the direction is carried out of the carrying device. Side roller conveyors while working as guides, which provide precise alignment digenova of the carrying device in the y-direction. Through the first and second leveling devices can thus align the carrying device by simply typing in the station for handling goods already in the x - and y-directions within the station for handling goods.

The third alignment fixture contains appropriate lifting device with at least one lifting bar. At least one hour lifting can raise the load-carrying device from the pallet and move on pre-determined height, making the carrying device, and with it, and located it goods inside the station for handling goods accurately aligned in the z-direction. In addition, the pallet may contain at least one through hole, through which passes at least one hour lifting for lifting the load-carrying devices without lifting while the pallet. The diameter of the through holes more than the diameter of the at least one lifting rack, so that the third alignment device with a lifting rack to align the carrying device vertically, i.e. in the z-direction, simply looking up the AET at least one lifting rack and in contact with the load-carrying device picks it up. Thanks to the first and second alignment fixture on the station for handling goods are aligned load-carrying devices and thus also indirectly supporting the pallet in the x - and y-directions, so that at least one through hole of the tray is usually located exactly on one line (coaxial) with the lifting rack of the third alignment fixture.

In another preferred embodiment, the claimed solution station for handling goods contains a protective guard with the first sliding gate on the first side, while the third leveling device is ready to start exclusively with closed sliding gate. The raising of the carrying device, i.e., the alignment in the z-direction, can thus be carried out exclusively at the closed first sliding gates, and for registration closed position, the first sliding gates may be provided, for example, the sensor at the first gate. Such a sensor can be in the form of a simple pressure switch. The protective sheath may contain additional sliding gate on the second and/or third parties, which must be opened for unloading goods from the carrying device. When this additional the additional sliding gate can for example, to be located on the side opposite the first sliding gate, or on the upper side of the fencing. When this feature ideas lies in the fact that there are two additional sliding gates, some of which open or close the second side, while the second additional sliding gate to open or close the third side of the fence, i.e., for example, its upper side. Needless to say, also, that two additional sliding gate independently from each other, so that the opening or closing of the second or the third side of the fencing can only occur at the same time. Sliding gates are usually equipped with corrugated wire lattice, which though gives the opportunity to review installed at the station for handling goods carrying devices, but prevents direct access to them and thereby reduces the risk of damage. Needless to say that the station for handling of goods can be made without such a protective sheath.

The invention also relates to a device for handling goods with two stations for the handling of goods that are located next to each other, as they are described above, and in this case provides a protective guard covering both BU and for the transshipment of goods, with at least one first sliding gate on the first side. Protective sheath covering both stations for the transshipment of goods, in addition, contains outside on the second and/or third party additional sliding gate for unloading goods from the carrying device must be opened. In one embodiment, the first sliding gate when it is closed the first side of the first station for handling goods, while at the same time they open the first side of the second station for handling goods. Of course, this can also happen Vice versa. Additional sliding gate, on the contrary, close second or third side of the first station for handling goods, while at the same time they open a second or third side of the second station for handling goods or Vice versa. As the first sliding gates and additional sliding gate and consequently shifted between two positions, in which each respective side of the respective station for handling goods, or closes or opens, while each respective side adjacent station for handling goods, or closes or opens. Device for handling goods according to the invention can achieve a continuous transition is one of the carrying device to the other of the carrying device without the occurrence of the interruption.

In another preferred embodiment, the claimed solution the device for transshipment of goods contains an unloading device, in particular a robot, for unloading from the carrying device. This robot is thus able to unload the goods from the carrying device, placed in him, and in some cases even use them forth, i.e. to mount. This refers, in particular, the mounting of the windshield on the car, and like windshields, for example, placed in the appropriate load-carrying devices and serves on the appropriate line (production) line. Unloading device, that is, the robot then takes the windshield of the aligned load-carrying device and mounts it in the appropriate vehicle.

Additional significant features and advantages of the invention become apparent from the dependent claims, the drawings and the associated descriptions of the drawings.

Of course, that the above-mentioned and the following features, which will still be shown, be applied not only in the specified combination, but also in other combinations or individually without deviating from the scope of the present invention.

Preferred embodiments of the invention shown in the drawings and in the last the next description will be described in more detail, moreover, the same reference position indicate the same or similar or functionally identical components.

This is shown schematically:

Fig.1 - station for handling goods according to the invention is pushed by the tray and mounted on the load-carrying device,

Fig.2 - the image, as in Fig.1, but on the other hand,

Fig.3 - the following image station for handling goods according to the invention,

Fig.4 - the image in the context of the station for handling goods according to the invention in the field of lifting device with a lifting rack,

Fig.5a-c is a device for handling goods according to the invention with two stations for the handling of goods that are located next to each other, in different operating positions.

In accordance with Fig.1-5 station 1 for handling goods according to the invention contains the first side 2, on which the loading and unloading station 1 for transshipment of goods. Especially the detail shown in Fig.5a-c. In addition, the station 1 for handling goods according to the invention contains the tray 3 is installed on the carrying device 4, such as the shopping basket. The pallet 3 is only receiving element installed at him carrying device 4, and the carrying device 4 can is to be performed according to the type tubular frame of the frame structure. Fundamentally, the pallet 3, together with the carrying device 4 is retracted from the first side 2 and again put forward from this side 2 from station 1 for transshipment of goods. On the first side 2 is usually installed bumpers 5, which prevents damage to station 1 for transshipment of goods at the shock on her cart 23 to move (see Fig.5a). To provide a fully automated unloading of goods located in the cargo carrying device 4, it is necessary that the carrying device 4 and located in it products has always taken the same position inside the station 1 for handling goods according to the invention. For this purpose, the station 1 for handling goods according to the invention contains the first leveling device 6, which justifies at least the carrying device 4 inside the station 1 for transshipment of goods in the x-direction. When first leveling device 6 may be performed, for example, in the form of emphasis on the end of at least one horizontal roller conveyor 7 or beside him. Further, there is a second leveling device 8, which justifies at least the carrying device 4 in the y-direction, i.e. transversely to the x-direction, in station 1 for transshipment of goods. The second alignment device 8 sumergida side of the roller conveyor 9 and 9', between which sent the carrying device 4. Thus, the second alignment fixture 8 facilitates accurate positioning of the carrying device 4 in the y-direction. Finally, the station 1 for handling goods according to the invention contains another third of the alignment fixture 10, which is inside the station 1 for transshipment of goods aligns the carrying device in the z-direction, i.e. in the vertical direction. Thanks, in General, three leveling devices 6, 8 and 10, it becomes possible precise spatial alignment of the carrying device 4 and also stowed in it and not seen the goods within the station 1 for transshipment of goods. Thanks to precise, predetermined spatial positioning of goods may be made in the precise capture of the unloading device 11, for example of the robot (Fig.5b).

The first and second leveling device 6 and 8 are simple mechanical stops or guides, while the third alignment fixture 10 has a lifting device 12 with at least one lifting the bar 13 (see Fig.4). Lifting strut 13 of the lifting device 12 thus moves vertically and when lifting the load-carrying device 4 passes through the through from Erste 14 in tray 3. The rise of the carrying device 4 via at least one lifting rack 13 is carried out irrespective of the pallet 3, i.e., without lifting the pallet 3.

The height to which should increase the carrying device 4 by means of lifting(s) of the rack(EC) 13, pre lifting device 12 and aligned with the discharge device 11. Typically, this height is approximately 15 to 20 mm.

If we consider Fig.5a-c, we can see that the station 1 for transshipment of goods contains protective sheath 15 with the first sliding gate 16 on the first side 2, while the third leveling device 10 is ready to launch exclusively with closed sliding gate 16 and can raise the carrying device 4. For registration closed position, the first sliding gate 16 can be installed sensor 17 on the first sliding gate 16. On the second side 18 and/or third party 19 station 1 for transshipment of goods may contain additional sliding gate 20 or 20', which for unloading goods from the carrying device 4 must be open. At least some of these sliding gates 16, 20, 20' may have a corrugated wire lattice 21, which, while giving full visibility of the goods stowed in the carrying device 4, a hundred is tion for the transshipment of goods, but prevents direct access and thereby reduces the risk of damage. Protective sheath 15 may be made of aluminum profiles.

If we consider Fig.5a-c, there you can see the device 22 for transshipment of goods from the two adjacent to each other by stations 1, 1' for transshipment of goods. The device 22 for transshipment of goods contains protective fence 15', covering both stations 1, 1' for the transshipment of goods, with the first sliding gate 16 on the first side 2. On the second side 18 or the third side 19 can be provided by additional sliding gate 20 or 20', which for unloading goods from the carrying device 4 must be open. The first sliding gate 16 is closed while the first side 2 of the first station 1 for the transshipment of goods, while they open the first side 2 of the second station 1' for transshipment of goods, or Vice versa. It is also clear that both stations 1, 1' for transshipment of goods device 22 for transshipment of goods contain their own first sliding gate 16. Additional sliding gate 20 or 20' is closed with the second side 18 and/or the third side 19 of the first station 1 for the transshipment of goods, as shown in Fig.5a, while they open the second and third side 18, 19 of the second station 1' for transshipment of goods and thereby make possible there & other fix spot labeling the ku goods. Additional sliding gate 20 can be made interdependent with the sliding door 20' or separate from them.

If we consider Fig.5a, it can be seen that at station 1 for the transshipment of goods discovered the first sliding gate 16 and the carrying device 4 together with the pallet 3 can vdvinut'sā in the first station 1 for the transshipment of goods through the route of the trolley 23. After lowering and after closing the first sliding gate 16 is the spatial alignment of the carrying device 4, as described above, after which the discharge device 11, such as a robot, he / she can unload the goods stowed in the cargo carrying device 4. Of course, unloading when this is possible only if open additional sliding gate 20 or 20', depending on which side of the discharge device 1 is unloading. This state, for example, shown by Fig.5c.

As soon as the carrying device 4 is emptied, the leveling device 10 is returned back to its original position, after which the first sliding gate 16 may be again opened, and the carrying device 4 together with the pallet 3 can be returned to an empty route the trolley 23.

Of course, it is obvious that the enclosure 15 or 15' is not always about satalino, so station 1 for handling goods according to the invention, as shown in Fig.1 and 2, can do without such barriers 15. The spatial alignment of the carrying device 4 when this is possible regardless of the fence 15 and is caused only by three levelling devices 6, 8 and 10.

Using station 1 for handling goods according to the invention and, in particular, also the device 22 for handling goods according to the invention, the products may be provided with precise spatial positioning so that the possible smooth mechanical unloading.

1. Station (1,1') for transshipment of goods loaded and unloaded from the first side (2),
- with the pallet (3), which is made with possibility of installation of the carrying device (4), in particular basket of goods and the pallet (4) together with the load-carrying device (4) is made with the possibility of lowering and again throw from the station (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods from the first side (2),
- with the first alignment fixture (6), which aligns, at least, of the carrying device (4) in the x-direction in the station (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods,
- with the second alignment fixture (8), which aligns, at least, of the carrying device (4) in the y-direction in the station (1, 1' for the transshipment of goods,
- with the third alignment device (10), which aligns, at least, of the carrying device (4) in the z-direction in the station (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods,
so that the carrying device (4) inside the station (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods takes spatial accurately to the required position,
wherein the third alignment device (10) comprises a lifting device (12) with at least one lifting rack (13) and the pallet (3) contains at least one through hole (14) through which passes at least one of the lifting strut (13) for raising the load-carrying devices (4) without lifting while the pallet (3).

2. Station p. 1, characterized in that the first alignment device (6) comprises at least one focus, in particular, at the end of the at least one horizontal roller conveyor (7) or at least one side of the roller conveyor (9, 9').

3. Station under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the second leveling device (8) comprises two lateral roller conveyor (9, 9'), between which is sent to the load-carrying device (4).

4. Station p. 1, characterized in that the station (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods contains a protective sheath (15) with the first sliding gate (16) on the first side (2),and the third alignment device (10) is ready to start exclusively with closed sliding gate (16).

5. Station p. 4, characterized in that the first sliding gate (16) includes a sensor (17), registration closed position the first sliding gate (16).

6. Station p. 4 or 5, characterized in that the protective sheath (15) contains the second and/or third party (18, 19) additional sliding gate (20, 20') for unloading goods from the carrying device (4) should be opened and/or
what protective sheath (15) is made of aluminum profiles, and/or
that at least one of the sliding gate (16, 20, 20') contain corrugated wire lattice (21).

7. The device (22) for the transshipment of goods from the two adjacent to each other stations (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods through one of the PP.1-6, characterized in that
device (22) for the transshipment of goods contains covering both stations (1, 1') for the transshipment of goods guard (15') with the first sliding gate (16) on the first side (2),
- guard (15') on the second and/or third party (18, 19) contains additional sliding gate (20, 20') for unloading goods from the carrying device (4) should be opened
- with the first sliding gate (16) close the first side (2) of the first station (1) for the transshipment of goods, while they open the first side (2) of the second station (1') DL the transshipment of goods, or Vice versa,
- with additional sliding gate (20, 20') close second and/or third party (18, 19) of the first station (1') for the transshipment of goods, while they open the second and/or third party (18, 19) of the second station (1') for the transshipment of goods, or Vice versa.

8. The device according to p. 7, characterized in that the unloading of goods from the carrying device (4) provided by the discharge device (11), in particular a robot.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: working member of loading machine includes fixed chute (1) and installed in it on frame (2) reciprocating from hydraulic cylinder (3) interconnected actuating elements (4) in the form rolls. Driving roll (5) is equipped with freewheel clutches (6, 7) in the form of gear wheels (8) engaging with racks (9, 10) mounted on tray. One of racks (9) is installed with possibility to rotate driving roll in direction of material transportation during forward running and the other rack (10) - during reverse running. Rolls are interconnected with each other and driving roll by chain gear (11).

EFFECT: higher efficiency of device.

2 dwg

FIELD: automated vehicle control means adapted to be used in underground environment and vehicle control methods.

SUBSTANCE: control method involves determining vehicle route from distances between vehicle and mine wall measured by means of vehicle sensors, angular vehicle velocity and left and right vehicle wheels or caterpillar velocities, as well as vehicle acceleration with the use of controller to direct vehicle to the nearest route point. Control system has distance and angular position measuring means to determine position of movable bridge conveyer 10 and angular position of associated face chain conveyers 30. Electronic controller receives input data from each sensor at each movable bridge conveyer 10 to calculate position and direction of bridge conveyer 10 and face chain conveyers 30. Controller plans optimal movement route and calculates speed of each independently acting caterpillar unit of bridge conveyer.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of conveyer system position determination.

16 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl

Loading machine // 2137694
The invention relates to machines for loading solid lumpy material

The invention relates to machines for loading solid lumpy material

The invention relates to machines for loading solid lumpy material

The invention relates to the mining industry and can be used for loading bulk materials and the cleaning of spillage in coal-loading complexes mainly when loading wagons, located on railroad tracks

The invention relates to the mining industry

The invention relates to agricultural machinery,in particular to a device for loading and unloading of root and tuber crops in storage,

Known conveyor-loader TCC-30 of the pick-up TLC-30 designed for these purposes, containing the receiving and shipping conveyors mounted on a frame with swivel wheels [1]

The disadvantage of this device is the complexity of the design and inconvenience in operation due to pick-up that should be put in place of the receiving conveyor at an unloading products

FIELD: automated vehicle control means adapted to be used in underground environment and vehicle control methods.

SUBSTANCE: control method involves determining vehicle route from distances between vehicle and mine wall measured by means of vehicle sensors, angular vehicle velocity and left and right vehicle wheels or caterpillar velocities, as well as vehicle acceleration with the use of controller to direct vehicle to the nearest route point. Control system has distance and angular position measuring means to determine position of movable bridge conveyer 10 and angular position of associated face chain conveyers 30. Electronic controller receives input data from each sensor at each movable bridge conveyer 10 to calculate position and direction of bridge conveyer 10 and face chain conveyers 30. Controller plans optimal movement route and calculates speed of each independently acting caterpillar unit of bridge conveyer.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of conveyer system position determination.

16 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: working member of loading machine includes fixed chute (1) and installed in it on frame (2) reciprocating from hydraulic cylinder (3) interconnected actuating elements (4) in the form rolls. Driving roll (5) is equipped with freewheel clutches (6, 7) in the form of gear wheels (8) engaging with racks (9, 10) mounted on tray. One of racks (9) is installed with possibility to rotate driving roll in direction of material transportation during forward running and the other rack (10) - during reverse running. Rolls are interconnected with each other and driving roll by chain gear (11).

EFFECT: higher efficiency of device.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: goods transfer station (1, 1') loaded and unloaded from the first side (2) contains tray (3) with load-carrying appliance (4) which tray is made capable to be pushed in and again drawn out of station to transfer goods from the first side, and three aligning appliances (6, 8, 10) each one of which aligns load carrying appliance in one of three axial directions (x, y, z) respectively. The third aligning appliance (10) contains lifting device (12) with raising leg (13). The tray contains through hole (14) via which the raising leg passes which leg serves for load carrying appliance lifting without lifting the tray itself.

EFFECT: goods unloading is simplified.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: bulk material reloading from railway hopper cars includes use of load-transfer device. The load-transfer device includes receiver portion with conveying facility in the form of horizontal raking screw, installation of the mentioned receiver portion under dump doors, outflow of bulk material into receiver portion under gravity through dump doors and transfer of bulk material flow to loading facility.

EFFECT: reduced time of bulk material reloading from hopper cars.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Loading device // 2584071

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for loading of loose cargoes and materials. Loading device comprises feeder, along axis of which located receiving conveyor and heaping stars. Heaping stars, at which heaping beams are located are arranged on sides of receiving conveyor. Stars can displace axially relative to axis of rotation and equipped with cover plates with openings for passage of beams. Cover plates rest on feeder and protect mechanism of rotation of stars against ingress of loading material.

EFFECT: higher reliability of loading device.

1 cl, 1 dwg

Loading body // 2619415

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: loading body comprises the feeder (1) with flanges, the wedge shovel toe (3), the power hydraulic cylinders (6) and the transferring conveyor (8). The shovel toe is made from two wedge shovel elements (4, 5), one of which is placed in the housing of another with the possibility to move relative to each other and kinematically connected to the power hydraulic cylinders and flanges (2) of the feeder.

EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of loading the rock mass due to excluding from the structure the unit for feeding the material from the wedge shovel toe to the transferring conveyor and reducing the loading unit length.

1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: complex consists of excavator-loader of rocky soil and crushing-sorting installations, including receiving part of the associated pipelines with drobilnym and sorting equipment, reception part of crushing-sorting the installation is made in the form of loading the module with the bottom in the form of closed-circuit tapes, additional envelope delivered videos to the axis of rotation which are fixed on the side walls, and is fitted with two hydraulic cylinders with spring loaded rods fasteners, which mesh with a Ribbon with the direct course and roam freely in reverse, with the loading module is installed in the mine with an opportunity of reception of the soil of excavator-loader.

EFFECT: increasing the productivity of a complex of the quarry equipment at the expense of explosive-waving technology with the constant finding of the equipment in a face.

2 dwg

Up!