Device for automatic watering plants
SUBSTANCE: device for automatic watering plants comprises a container for irrigation liquid (1) with a device of the irrigation liquid supply (2) to several rows of plants, having an outlet hose (3) with the supplying nozzle (4), the drive (5) controlled by the software device (7) to move the nozzle (4) from one inlet spout (6) to another. The inlet spouts (6) located at each row of plants are connected to the distribution pipelines (8) with watering nozzles (9). The software device (7) controls automatically the process of watering plants according to the given programs.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of automatic watering of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation liquid.
Automatic plant watering relates to irrigation systems and is intended for automatic irrigation plant group.
A known system for watering plants , comprising a receiving tank for water, feeding tube, the siphon with the engine running, the suction elbow and tube sensor connected to atmosphere, the fluid channel which is connected with the siphon, and the distribution pipeline for watering plants. A feeding tube fitted with a metering valve with a shut-off device, and the siphon is made in the form of a tee with two input connections and one or two output sockets, with one inlet pipe is connected through a hose to the engine for starting the siphon, and the other to the tube-sensor, and the output pipe to the hydraulic channel, through which the coupler is connected to a distribution pipe for watering plants. The ends of the distribution pipeline is equipped with a dropper. The triggering siphon contains a hydraulic pump, which is mounted on the bottom of the receiving tank and is equipped with an electronic starting device (EPS) programmer and photoelectric sensor. EPS is made with the possibility of automatic process control watering plants for a given program.
The shortcoming of this system poly is and is one of the common pipeline, bring water to all the plants, so the lack of selectivity when watering. Therefore, all plants receive the same amount of water regardless of individual needs. In addition, it is difficult to adjust single volume irrigation watering times already running, it will end only after all of the liquid from the tank will result.
The closest in technical essence and the achieved result is a device for automatically watering plants , containing the capacity of the environment for the cultivation of at least two plants, in which you are receiving pipes with holes for supplying irrigation fluid to the plants, the capacity for sprinkling the liquid feeder watering fluid output tube with a tip and a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs. In a device for automatically watering plants entered controlled from software device drive. It is used for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other at a distance equal to the distance between the receiving pipe. When there is the opportunity to apply to each plant required, depending on the plant variety, the amount of irrigation fluid.
The shortcoming of this is disorder for automatic watering of plants is it is used for irrigation of one of a number of plants and cannot effectively be used for irrigation of multiple rows of plants. The increase in the number of rows irrigated plants leads to an increase in the number of actuators to move the lugs, which greatly complicates the design of the device.
The problem solved by the invention is the design of a device for the automatic irrigation of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation fluid.
To solve this problem we use the device for automatic watering of plants containing tank for watering the liquid feeder irrigation fluid to the groups of plants with an output hose from the input tip is controlled from the software device actuator for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other and itself, a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs, to foster nozzles attached pipes with sprinkler heads.
This device allows using one drive, pour a large number of different varieties of plants with the optimal amount to a specific variety of plants watering liquid.
In Fig.1 a is shown schematically a device for automatically watering plants, front view of Fig.2 shows schematically a device for automatically watering plants, top view.
Device for automatic watering of plants has a reservoir 1, in which the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. The device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid is output hose 3 with the feed tip 4, which has the ability to move by the actuator 5 from one of the receiving nozzle 6 to the other receiving the pipe. Software device 7 controls the operation of the actuator 5 and the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. To foster the pipe 6 is connected to the distribution piping 8 with watering tips 9.
Device for automatic irrigation works in the following way. At the beginning of the irrigation axis of the feed tip 4 coincides with the axis of the first inlet pipe 6. From a programming device 7 is fed the signal to activate the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. The volume of irrigation fluid is set by the program. Irrigation fluid through the output hose 3 through the input tip 4 is supplied to the first receiving branch pipe 6 and from him through a distribution pipe 8 with watering tips 9 - to plant roots. Having reached the value specified volume filed with irrigation fluid, the software device 7 disable device 2 feed palivo the Noah fluid and includes an actuator 5, which moves the output hose 3 with the feed tip 4 to match its axis with the axis of the second inlet pipe. Amounting to a specified amount submitted irrigation fluid to the following group of plants of another variety, the software device 7 turns off the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid and includes an actuator 5, which moves the output hose 3 with the feed tip 4 or to the next receiving tube, if available, or returns to its original state.
Sources of information
1. The patent RU 2331189 C2.
2. Patent for useful model RU 131279 U1.
Device for automatic watering of plants containing tank for watering the liquid feeder irrigation fluid to multiple rows of plants, with an output hose from the input tip is controlled from the software device actuator for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other and itself, a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs, to foster nozzles located at each of a number of plants attached pipes with sprinkler heads.
FIELD: physics; control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of controlling at least one actuating element (11). The method includes presence of at least two control units (A, B) and a logic selection circuit (13), wherein each of the control units (A, B) is configured to act on the actuating element (11). Each of the control units (A, B) performs self-diagnosis. Depending on the self-diagnosis result, each of the control units (A, B) generates at least one activation signal (AA, AB, BA, BB). The activation signal (AA, AB, BA, BB) indicates which of the control units (A, B) is to be activated. Depending on the activation signals (AA, AB, BA, BB), the logic selection circuit (13) activates one of the two control units (A, B) to act on the actuating element (11).
EFFECT: providing continuous monitoring of control units with minimal hardware costs.
10 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to process field devices. Disclosed is a process field device for use in monitoring or controlling an industrial process, which includes first and second loop terminals configured to connect with a double-wire control loop of the industrial process. The field device circuitry is designed to monitor or control a parameter of the industrial process. The field device circuitry is powered from the double-wire control loop of the industrial process. A current regulator is connected in series to the double-wire control loop of the industrial process, the first and second loop terminals and the field device circuitry. A voltage regulator is connected in parallel to the current regulator and in series to the double-wire control loop of the industrial process, the first and second loop terminals and the field device circuitry.
EFFECT: higher power available for process field device circuitry.
18 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: physics, control.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to controlling technological processes and can be used to control operating field devices through a portable communicator. The portable communicator includes a controller, a processor, computer-readable memory, a communication interface and software stored in the computer-readable memory and configured for execution in the processor for transmitting data to the field device or receiving data from the field device through the communication interface, and configured to prevent the user of the portable communicator from changing parameters of the field device using the portable communicator when status of connection with the field device, displayed on the communication interface, is a maintenance status.
EFFECT: high reliability of operations.
22 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: grid cleaning device contains an electric drive of the grid cleaning device, is provided with a sensor of stop of the grid cleaning device motion, a unit of automatic control, which contains a programmed controller, a transformer of frequency of electric power supply of the electric drive of the grid cleaning device, one of the inlets of the programmed controller is connected to the outlet of the sensor of stop of the grid cleaning device motion , and one of the outlets of the programmed controller is connected to the inlet of the frequency transformer, one of the outlets of which is connected to the inlet of the electric drive of the grid cleaning device.
EFFECT: improvement makes it possible to automate operation of the grid cleaning device, increase quality of the grid cleaning from mechanical admixtures, reduce a part of manual work for the grid cleaning, eliminate and prevent an emergency situation in due time, control operation of the electric drive of the grid cleaning device both in manual and in automatic modes of its operation as a part of the ASCTP.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices intended for in-situ servicing. Method of displaying at remote device of data related to spark-proof portable tool for in-situ servicing. In comprises OS with I/O module, said portable tool being equipped with display. Said display is controlled, at least partially by said I/O module. Data is transmitted via wireless data channel from spark-proof portable tool to remote device. Note also that data transmitted via said wireless channel indicates at least graphic data displayed ay portable tool display. Data transmitted via wireless channel is received at remote device doe display of portable tool display at remote device display on the basis of data transmitted via wireless channel.
EFFECT: possibility to display data displayed at portable tool display for in-situ servicing in real time at remote device display.
8 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering and can be used to design computing devices (computers) which are part of mobile object control systems. The control computer system comprises a processor with a storage device connected to said processor, and a clock pulse former whose outputs are connected to the processor and the storage device. The processor is connected to the clock pulse former by a control output. The system comprises a blocking signal former, an interval former and an external factor sensor whose output is connected to the input of the interval former and to the first input of the blocking signal former, connected by the first output to the blocking input of the storage device, by the second input to the control output of the processor and by the third input to the interval former, the zero setting outputs and timestamps of which are respectively connected to the processor and the storage device, and phasing outputs are connected to the clock pulse former.
EFFECT: faster operation at each time interval and restoring operating capacity of a system when external action ceases.
9 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and may be used in electric power systems. Smart electric power system intended for improvement of control for utility system includes sensors at different sections of the above utility system with use of data transfer technologies and computer technology such as auxiliary bus structures in order to modernise the electric power system so that it operates effectively and reliably and to support additional services for consumers. The smart electric power system can include a smart distributing device in the utility system (separate from the control centre smart tools) that consists of units generating data at different sections of the electric power system, analyse generated data and modify operation of the respective section automatically.
EFFECT: improved control of the power supply networks.
46 cl, 37 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to robotics. Proposed robot consists of at least two articulated modules. Articulation of every new module with preassembled one (ones) is performed in selected direction by coupling of its first interface site with one of free structural elements in extreme position in one or other line. Alternative variables for algorithms of control over mechanotronic modular structure for description of periodic law parameters are selected proceeding from the following ratio: Angle=A+Bsin(ωt+φ), where A is the magnitude of generalised coordinate relative to which periodical motion occurs; B is the amplitude of periodic oscillation of generalised coordinate. Total magnitude |A|+|B| may not exceed the maximum tolerable deviation of the module generalised coordinate, while φ is the displacement. In compliance with one version for optimised structural analysis, selected are alternative variables
at constraints n=1, N
where ymax, zmax are maximum tolerable deviation of generalised coordinate of the module relative to zero.
EFFECT: higher efficiency operation of proposed robot in ambient medium.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of coordinating multiple sensors, wherein multiple networked computers control the sensors for the purpose of executing one or more services requested through the network. In order to coordinate with one another, the computers exchange information over the network in a manner such that each networked computer knows the characteristics of and the services executed by the other computers. Subsequently, the computers providing the same service execute the same configuration algorithm that defines the tasks to be carried out by each computer as a function of the characteristics of the computers providing said same service. Thus, the computers get to the same conclusions with respect to the tasks to be carried out, and control the sensors based on the tasks defined by the configuration algorithm.
EFFECT: high reliability of systems for monitoring and coordinating multiple sensors and the monitoring system connected thereto.
19 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: electric circuit is generated for equipment of a substation of electric power supply circuit with the help of a configuration calculator, besides, the electric circuit of equipment is made for indication by means of an indication device in the configuration calculator and contains representations of components, which graphically present main devices of the substation, and moreover, the electric circuit of the equipment includes connections between representations of components, which present electric connections between main devices, selection of the partial area of the electric circuit of the equipment made by the user of the configuration calculator is registered, the selected partial area of the electric circuit of the equipment is converted into data array of indication configuration, suitable for the device of indication of the energy device of automation. The invention also relates to the configuration calculator made appropriately.
EFFECT: increased quality, speed of process of energy automation device configuration, reduced errors.
10 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying irrigation drinking water in the root module ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute and providing auto-correction of the pH value of the obtained substrate solution, as well as its saturation with nutrients containing the elements N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg and Fe. To ensure it with nutrients in the required amount, the continuous monitoring of the total concentration of the elements in the irrigation water is carried out before supplying to the root module. The irrigation drinking water before supplying to the root module is previously passed through a layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute the amount of which is selected so that before the end of the calculated period of operation the total concentration of the elements S, Ca, Mg and Fe in the irrigation water is within the range adequate for growing plants. At that in case of a decrease in the irrigation water after passing through the layer of granulated ion-saturated ion-exchange fibre-soil-substitute of the total content of the elements N, P and K to the lower limit of the admissible range of concentrations, a concentrate is added to it, which is obtained by passing the water through the layer of granules of slow-acting fertiliser (SAF), the number of which is selected so that the elements N, P and K contained in it are enough to the end of the calculated period of operation. The system comprises a root module with the ion-exchange fibre soil-substitute for planting seeds or seedlings and the subsequent growing the plants, which is connected to the output of the pipeline of supply of irrigation water with the peristaltic pump mounted at the inlet. In addition the pipeline of supply of irrigation water after the peristaltic pump the concentrating cartridge filled with granular ion-saturated ion-exchange-soil-substitute, and the flow mixing chamber with a sensor of electrical conductivity of water and a stirrer placed in it are connected in series, the mixing chamber is equipped with its own closed loop water circuit, in which the pump and the concentrating cartridge with granular SAF are mounted in series. At that the system is provided with a controller electrically connected to the pumps, the stirrer and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water, and the sensor of electrical conductivity of water is included in the loop of the negative feedback of the controller.
EFFECT: inventions enable to improve the technology and manufacture of plant products in the space greenhouse under conditions of microgravity.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: device of automated control of multisupporting irrigation machine of front action for precision irrigation comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, mounted on trolleys with electric drive, unit of motion synchronisation with the course with a guide rope and a speed control unit of the machine motion. Along the irrigation channel a contact network is mounted on racks, which interacts with the current collector, which, through the telescopic mechanism is fixed to the trolley moving along the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The output of the current collector is connected to the input of the control panel, which output is connected to the input of the counter of electrical energy, which outputs are connected to the inputs of the microprocessor control unit and the frequency inverter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to a timer, a system of course stabilisation, a synchronisation system of trolleys in line, sensors of path, setter of irrigation rate, setter of length of irrigation site, water metre and a pressure gauge mounted on the pipeline, and the outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic shutter, frequency inverter, contactor, devices of trolley synchronising in line and the devices of stabilisation of the course of left and right wings, through a vacuum pump with a pump inlet, which outlet through the electric hydraulic shutter and the flow metre is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency inverter is supplied to the electric drive of the left and right-wing of the machine, and the contactor output is connected through the electric motor to the pump inlet. The signal obtained from the humidity gauges mounted on the irrigated area of the field, enters to the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite, the signal from the irrigation control system through the GLONASS satellite is transmitted to the input-output of the GLONASS-receiver which output through the unit of signal analysis is connected to the microprocessor control unit, which output is connected to the GLONASS-receiver. The input-output of the microprocessor control unit is electrically connected to a sensor screen, and the output of the frequency inverter is connected to the input of the contactor. The output of the signal analysis unit is connected to the inputs of the irrigation control unit, which outputs are at the extreme driving support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the course stabilisation and on the intermediate support trolleys are connected to the input of the device of the trolley synchronisation in line, of both right and left wings of the machine.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of irrigation water, fertilisers, electricity, elimination of insufficient irrigation and excessive irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises spraying the agricultural crops with an initial crushing the solution flow of microelement fertilisers by the air flow and the subsequent drops electrocharge in corona electrostatic field. The liquid-air mixture is prepared at a distance from the hydraulic sprayer nozzles, then fed under pressure to hydraulic nozzles, at the output of which it is crushed and passes in the form of a torch with bubbles of air through the electrostatic field, where the mixture in the form of liquid-air drops is electrostatically charged, is additionally crushed thus increasing monodispersity, surface moisture of the fed plants, the number of free ions of nutrients of microellement fertilisers, which, precipitating on the surface of the agricultural crops, penetrate into the plant, improving its nutrition. The drop size, their crushing, monodispersity of drops and the amount of free ions is regulated by the pressure of microelement fertiliser solution from 0.2 to 0.3 MPa, the air pressure of 0.4 to 0.5 MPa, injected in the solution of fertilisers in the pumping mains, microelement fertiliser solution flow through one nozzle to 0.3 L/min, electrocharging of the sprayed liquid-air drops with the electrostatic voltage on the electrodes of 3 to 5 kV and a current of 10 mA.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the saturation of the solution mixture of fertiliser with air and to increase the monodispersity of the sprayed solution of microelement fertilisers.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used for land reclamation in the irrigation and humidification systems, water conservation measures, distribution of sewage and livestock waste in the system of irrigation from distribution lines. The device comprises a water intake structure, a distribution pipes, water distribution devices in the area of drainage from the distribution pipes, irrigation pipes and the differential between the inlet and outlet parts of the pipeline. The irrigation pipes are arranged sequentially along the length of the distribution pipes. The sections of the distribution pipes are equipped with a corrector of flow of open type with the inlet and outlet in the form of a fixed discharge elbow fitting. The elbow fitting is installed coaxially to the opening of the discharge inlet elbow fitting with the ability of horizontal rotation and interaction simultaneously with the discharge and irrigation pipes. The elbow fitting is made with the ability of releasable connection. The arch of the discharge pipe has an additional sprinkler.
EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of the system operation and the use of drained lands through efficiency and quality control of liquid fertiliser in the calculated moisture layer.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.
EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.
SUBSTANCE: automated check outlet conduit comprises a lock installed on a water-outlet hole on a horizontal axis of rotation, a control chamber with an elastic shell, communicated with reaches, a valve connected with a level sensor, limiters of the control range. The automated check water outlet is equipped with a stem for fixation of the range of discrete control within wide limits, having a movable float level sensor. The control chamber is equipped with an outlet nozzle, on which there is a magnet for valve fixation. At the same time limiters of the control range are made in the form of fixators, one of which is arranged in the upper part of the stem above the movable float level sensor, and the other ones are arranged above the outlet nozzle of the control chamber.
EFFECT: expanded control range and stabilisation of device operation under various heads.
SUBSTANCE: device of automatic control of mist-generating plant relates to gardening, namely to vegetative propagation of horticultural crops by the method of herbaceous cuttings. The device comprises operating mode switches on the number of units of mist-generating plant, a commutation switch to connect the power source to the units of mist-generating plant and cyclical timing relay that determines the duration of the presence or absence of each unit power. The cyclical timing relay consists of a microcontroller, a real-time clock, a memory module, two encoders, control buttons and an alphanumeric LCD display.
EFFECT: device of automatic control of mist-generating plant provides optimisation of watering mode by an independent set of time of watering and the time of pause separately for several intervals within the day, such as morning, day, evening and night.
SUBSTANCE: the device comprises a system of injection wells, output wells and water distribution network with wells and surge units for aerosol moisturing. The injection wells contain gas-vapour or electric generators installed along the outer frame and inside the aquifer. The output wells contain pumps. The water distribution network with wells and surge units for aerosol moisturing is installed on the irrigated plot of the field. The gas-vapour generator contains a combustion chamber. The combustion chamber has a lid on one of its sides with an inlet valve to feed pressurized air from the piston compressor. Another side of the combustion chamber is fitted with outlet from extracting burned gas, combined nozzles for injecting the mixture of fuel thermal breakdown products and conductive fluid. The combined nozzles are installed on the combustion chamber wall in series one after another. The burner nozzles are installed adjacent to combined nozzles, they are used for injecting hot products of thermal breakdown of conducting fluid and products of burning the gaseous fuel-air mixture. The burner nozzle is connected with the piston valve mechanism. The piston valve mechanism contains a cylinder with a piston and a spring. The cylinder is fitted with a duct feeding pressurized air from the receiver. The receiver has a back flow valve and ducts fitted water-injecting nozzles. The ducts are connected with the cylindrical part of the valve mechanism. The cylindrical part of the valve mechanism has a blow valve for releasing the gas-vapour mixture into the atmosphere and a flange for fixation on the casting pipe of the injection well. The injection well is connected with the tubing string. The surge unit contains a receiving chamber. The receiving chamber has a back flow valve with water pressure. The receiving chamber is connected with the mixing chamber. The mixing chamber is fitted with a nozzle, and the surge unit is installed on a pillar. The pillar is connected inside the well to the water distribution network. The water network has a hinge connection to change the inclination angle of the bore, a jointed support used to rotate it the bore on the platform and a combustion chamber with expanding nozzle. The burner nozzles have a frame with hoses for conductive fluid feeding. The hoses are connected with cylindrical ducts. The cylindrical ducts are located inside the frame in the insulated layer. The electrodes are installed on one side of the cylindrical ducts. The electrodes are connected to the surge generator. Nozzles are installed on another end of cylindrical ducts. The nozzles are installed at an angle in relation to each other and are connected to the spraying nozzle blasting chamber. The spraying nozzle has a bottom with gas stream outlets.
EFFECT: the construction ensures high production yield of crops.
3 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method includes creation of irrigation sections at southern slopes with wide stationary beds with narrow trenches and dead-end irrigation furrows at the edges of beds. Trenches are laid along the middle of beds and filled with vegetable remains, manure and coated with mulch of vegetable remains. Californian worms are added into narrow trenches arranged in the middle of beds. Distance between dead-end furrows makes 1.2…1.8 m and corresponds to distance between wheels of agricultural equipment. Beds and dead-end irrigation furrows are arranged at both sides from self-discharge pipeline of irrigation network in irrigation section and laid at the angle to area horizontals. Slope of irrigation furrows does not exceed inclination of 0.005. Yearly in autumn narrow trenches are released from biohumus and filled with a new mixture of vegetable remains and manure. System of melioration comprises irrigation systems on irrigation sections. Irrigation systems comprises self-discharge pipeline laid along maximum slope of area, stationary beds, dead-end irrigation furrows, measuring and computing system. Measuring and computing system is connected by radio channel to central control panel of irrigation systems in irrigation sections, which are connected to signalling indicator of irrigation termination and double-wire communication line to devices of gates control. Devices of gates control are installed on units of irrigation system, inlet of which is connected to discharge pipeline, and outlet - to irrigation pipelines and microhydrants for water supply. Irrigation pipelines are laid parallel to discharge pipeline. Vortex water activator is installed on discharge pipeline. Signalling indicator of irrigation termination is arranged in the form of two soil moisture detectors, the first of which is installed in lower horizon of active soil layer. The second detector is installed at lower border of active soil layer.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve quality of irrigated sections melioration in piedmont area, to eliminate losses of irrigation water for depth filtration and discharge, to improve crop capacity and increase efficiency of irrigation systems.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: automated irrigation system equipped with low pressure rotating sprinklers consists of hydraulic pumping station, containing turbine connected with a shaft of high and low pressure pumps. The central control board is connected with automatic weather station, metre, placed on the low pressure supply pipeline of irrigation system, and winding of commutating three-way valve, the inlet of which is connected with the outlet of the high pressure pump, and the outlet with the inlet of the high pressure supply pipeline. The outlets of the high pressure supply pipeline are connected with the inlet of the first tree-way valve of the control systems and hydraulic protection of sprinklers from failures, the drive of which is connected with a plunger of ratchet gear, and diaphragm actuator of which is connected with high pressure supply pipeline. The outlet of the first three-way valve is connected through throttle with diaphragm actuator of double throw switch, interacting with the drive of the second three-way valve, the inlet of which is connected with high pressure supply pipeline, and the outlet is connected with feed line of hydraulic drive of the sprinkler and line of hydraulic protection of the sprinkle from failures through the cut-off valve. The outlet of the line of hydraulic protection is connected with the diaphragm actuator of the cut-off valve and diaphragm actuator of hydrorelay controlling hydraulic drive gate valve, placed on the inlet of the sprinkler. The outlet of the feed line of hydraulic drive is connected with through three-way valve with end pulse sprinkler, and the drive of the third three-way valve is connected with on-off mechanism connecting pulse sprinkler with the feed line of hydraulic drives, which contacts with the sensors of the beginning and the end of sprinklers passing the corner sector.
EFFECT: invention allows simplifying automated control system, increasing quality of irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly to irrigation, and can be used in watering and fertilising crops. The method of water treatment comprises the use of a filter material located in one housing, and the filter material is used as a mixture of tereklite clay, barite and dolomite powder in the ratio of 5:1:0.5, and it is placed on a metal grid with holes of 0.2-0.3 cm, the length of 8-10 m and height of 0.8-1 m.
EFFECT: method enables, using the natural sources, to reduce costs and increase the efficiency of the method.