Device for automatic watering plants

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for automatic watering plants comprises a container for irrigation liquid (1) with a device of the irrigation liquid supply (2) to several rows of plants, having an outlet hose (3) with the supplying nozzle (4), the drive (5) controlled by the software device (7) to move the nozzle (4) from one inlet spout (6) to another. The inlet spouts (6) located at each row of plants are connected to the distribution pipelines (8) with watering nozzles (9). The software device (7) controls automatically the process of watering plants according to the given programs.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of automatic watering of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation liquid.

2 dwg

 

Automatic plant watering relates to irrigation systems and is intended for automatic irrigation plant group.

A known system for watering plants [1], comprising a receiving tank for water, feeding tube, the siphon with the engine running, the suction elbow and tube sensor connected to atmosphere, the fluid channel which is connected with the siphon, and the distribution pipeline for watering plants. A feeding tube fitted with a metering valve with a shut-off device, and the siphon is made in the form of a tee with two input connections and one or two output sockets, with one inlet pipe is connected through a hose to the engine for starting the siphon, and the other to the tube-sensor, and the output pipe to the hydraulic channel, through which the coupler is connected to a distribution pipe for watering plants. The ends of the distribution pipeline is equipped with a dropper. The triggering siphon contains a hydraulic pump, which is mounted on the bottom of the receiving tank and is equipped with an electronic starting device (EPS) programmer and photoelectric sensor. EPS is made with the possibility of automatic process control watering plants for a given program.

The shortcoming of this system poly is and is one of the common pipeline, bring water to all the plants, so the lack of selectivity when watering. Therefore, all plants receive the same amount of water regardless of individual needs. In addition, it is difficult to adjust single volume irrigation watering times already running, it will end only after all of the liquid from the tank will result.

The closest in technical essence and the achieved result is a device for automatically watering plants [2], containing the capacity of the environment for the cultivation of at least two plants, in which you are receiving pipes with holes for supplying irrigation fluid to the plants, the capacity for sprinkling the liquid feeder watering fluid output tube with a tip and a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs. In a device for automatically watering plants entered controlled from software device drive. It is used for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other at a distance equal to the distance between the receiving pipe. When there is the opportunity to apply to each plant required, depending on the plant variety, the amount of irrigation fluid.

The shortcoming of this is disorder for automatic watering of plants is it is used for irrigation of one of a number of plants and cannot effectively be used for irrigation of multiple rows of plants. The increase in the number of rows irrigated plants leads to an increase in the number of actuators to move the lugs, which greatly complicates the design of the device.

The problem solved by the invention is the design of a device for the automatic irrigation of several rows of plants with the desired flow rate of irrigation fluid.

To solve this problem we use the device for automatic watering of plants containing tank for watering the liquid feeder irrigation fluid to the groups of plants with an output hose from the input tip is controlled from the software device actuator for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other and itself, a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs, to foster nozzles attached pipes with sprinkler heads.

This device allows using one drive, pour a large number of different varieties of plants with the optimal amount to a specific variety of plants watering liquid.

In Fig.1 a is shown schematically a device for automatically watering plants, front view of Fig.2 shows schematically a device for automatically watering plants, top view.

Device for automatic watering of plants has a reservoir 1, in which the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. The device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid is output hose 3 with the feed tip 4, which has the ability to move by the actuator 5 from one of the receiving nozzle 6 to the other receiving the pipe. Software device 7 controls the operation of the actuator 5 and the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. To foster the pipe 6 is connected to the distribution piping 8 with watering tips 9.

Device for automatic irrigation works in the following way. At the beginning of the irrigation axis of the feed tip 4 coincides with the axis of the first inlet pipe 6. From a programming device 7 is fed the signal to activate the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid. The volume of irrigation fluid is set by the program. Irrigation fluid through the output hose 3 through the input tip 4 is supplied to the first receiving branch pipe 6 and from him through a distribution pipe 8 with watering tips 9 - to plant roots. Having reached the value specified volume filed with irrigation fluid, the software device 7 disable device 2 feed palivo the Noah fluid and includes an actuator 5, which moves the output hose 3 with the feed tip 4 to match its axis with the axis of the second inlet pipe. Amounting to a specified amount submitted irrigation fluid to the following group of plants of another variety, the software device 7 turns off the device 2 of the supply of irrigation fluid and includes an actuator 5, which moves the output hose 3 with the feed tip 4 or to the next receiving tube, if available, or returns to its original state.

Sources of information

1. The patent RU 2331189 C2.

2. Patent for useful model RU 131279 U1.

Device for automatic watering of plants containing tank for watering the liquid feeder irrigation fluid to multiple rows of plants, with an output hose from the input tip is controlled from the software device actuator for moving the tip from one of the receiving pipe to the other and itself, a programming device with automatic process control watering plants on specified programs, to foster nozzles located at each of a number of plants attached pipes with sprinkler heads.



 

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2 ex

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