Method to dehydrate landslide body
SUBSTANCE: engineering-geological and hydrogeological survey is carried out to detect available landslide bodies. Then biolocation survey is performed, using the results of which they detect underground watercourses and discover their characteristics for detection of quantity and location of through filters. Afterwards on the surface of a ledge or a slope or a hillside outside the landslide body a header is arranged for collection of surface waters and some shallow watercourses. Afterwards from the foot of the ledge or the slope or the hillside they arrange a drainage mine deep into the ledge or the slope or the hillside outside the landslide body, from the surface of the ledge or the slope or the hillside they drill vertical wells until coupling with the drainage mine for through filers, couplings are arranged with connection chambers, through filters are lowered into vertical wells from the surface, and through filters are made in the form of pipes with perforated sections of holes and filtering elements made at the coupling level with underground watercourses. The header and the drainage mine are arranged with an inclination of i=0.005 towards the drain for self-flow of captured water.
EFFECT: provision of reliable prevention of landslide formation due to complete drainage of surface and underground waters from a landslide body.
2 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to the field of construction and mining and can be used when securing ledges quarry, construction of roads, tunnels, exposed to groundwater.
Known way to prevent landslides, consisting in the interception of groundwater by means of drainage excavation perpendicular to the direction of flow flowing from aquifers water and connected with drilled from the surface vertical wells, which is the end-to-end filters, crossing all aquifers, and drilled from the excavation itself dewatering wells (see EN 2244063).
The disadvantage of this method is that this method is not applicable in quarries, working on roads, tunnels and so forth, with the small size of landslides.
There is a method of dehydration of the landslide body single end-to-end filter, namely, that with the foot of a cliff or slope, or slope, or slope are drilling horizontally-inclined borehole with a diameter of 1.8 m and with the rise of i=0,005-0,007 into the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope beyond the landslide body, from the surface of the ledge or slope or slope or slope are drilling a vertical well to pairing with a horizontally-inclined well bore at a single skvoz the nd filter diameter from 200 to 500 mm, the pair arranged in the camera connection to a vertical borehole from the surface down a single end-to-end filter, made in the form of a pipe with perforated sections of holes and filter elements made at the level of pairing with each aquifer, and the intersection with aquifers sprinkle fine material, such as gravel, crushed stone, polymer beads, with horizontally-inclined well laid pipe, in which the camera connection connect with the pipe lowered in a vertical well, the connection pipes set adjustable valve with a common water meter, and after each filter element install water meters.
The disadvantage of this method is that this method does not provide a complete abstraction of surface and groundwater.
The task of the invention is to ensure the reliability of preventing the formation of landslides due to the complete drainage of surface water and groundwater from the landslide body.
The problem is solved in that in the method of dehydration of the landslide body, which consists in the fact that they are carrying out engineering-geological and hydrogeological investigations to determine the presence of landslide bodies, then hold the dowsing survey, the results of which is determined by the earth's waterways and find out their characteristics to determine the number and location of end-to-end filters, then, on the surface of the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope outside the landslide body are collector for collecting surface water and shallow part of the watercourse, then the foot of a cliff or slope, or slope, or slope are drainage development in depth of the shelf, or slope, or slope, or slope beyond the landslide body, from the surface of the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope are drilling vertical wells to pair with drain output under end-to-end filters, mate equip cameras connection in vertical wells from the surface down through the filters, made in the form of tubes with perforated sections of holes and filter elements made at the level of pairing with underground watercourses and drains and drain production are bias i=0.005 in the direction of flow for gravity flow of intercepted water. While the bottom and the walls of the collector are made of gabion structures.
The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a vertical longitudinal section of the components of strata of rocks and underground watercourses with header and through the filter; Fig.2 is a plan of the network of drainage systems; Fig.3 is a vertical cross-section area of interception of surface and groundwater (a - a section I-I, b - section II-II - section III-III).
The method of obtw the survival of the landslide body 1 is carried out as follows: conduct geotechnical and hydrogeological studies using network Supervisory hydrogeological wells 2 to determine whether the landslide tel 1, then hold the dowsing survey, the results of which determine subterranean stream (3 deep and shallow 4) and investigate their characteristics (depth, direction of water flow rate (l/s), the number of underground watercourses, PCs, their sgruppirovannoe) to determine the number and location of end-to-end filter 5, and then, on the surface of the ledge or slope, or a slope, or a slope of 6 outside of the landslide body 1 are manifold 7 for collecting surface water and part of the shallow watercourses 4, then the foot of the scarp, or cliff or slope, or slope 6 are drainage production 8 in the depth of the shelf, or slope, or a slope, or a slope of 6 outside of the landslide body 1, with the surface of the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope 6 are drilling vertical wells to pair with drain output 8 under through the filters 5, the pair are arranging a camera connection 9, in a vertical borehole from the surface down through the filters 5, made in the form of tubes with perforated sections of holes and filter elements made at the level of pairing with underground streams 3 and 4, moreover, the collector 7 and the drain 8 production are bias i=0.005 in the direction of flow for gravity flow of intercepted water in the drainage ditch 10 to reset the intercepted water in the river, lake, nisi is at or chute 11. While the bottom and the walls of the collector 8 is made of gabion structures 12. Moreover, end-to-end filters are drilling on a group of underground watercourses, so that their depression funnel 13 overlaps the adjacent 5-6 m to intercept water from underground streams 3 and 4 (see Fig.2).
Thus, surface water and groundwater are caught in the area of the depression cone 13 through filter 5 and the collector 7 to collect surface water through drainage ditch 10 is discharged by gravity into the river, lake, marsh or chute 11, not bringing the ravages of the earth's surface and all existing structures, i.e., eliminated the formation of landslides.
1. The method of dehydration of the landslide body, which consists in the fact that they are carrying out engineering-geological and hydrogeological investigations to determine the presence of landslide bodies, then hold the dowsing survey, the results of which determine underground watercourses and find out their characteristics to determine the number and location of end-to-end filters, then on the surface of the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope outside the landslide body are collector for collecting surface water and shallow part of the watercourse, then the foot of a cliff or slope, or slope, or slope are drainage development in depth of the shelf, or slope, or SCR is on, or the hillside beyond the landslide body, from the surface of the ledge or slope, or slope, or slope are drilling vertical wells to pair with drain output under end-to-end filters, mate equip the cameras connections, in a vertical borehole from the surface down through the filters, made in the form of tubes with perforated sections of holes and filter elements made at the level of pairing with underground watercourses and drains and drain production are bias i=0.005 in the direction of flow for gravity flow of intercepted water.
2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the bottom and the walls of the collector are made of gabion structures.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used at formation and stabilisation of ore quality at a stage of mining operations. The method involves determination of coordinates of a bucket of a mining unit, content of a useful component in the mined rock in the bucket of the mining unit as a conditional mathematical expectation of content of the useful component at an excavation point, which is determined as per results of preliminary testing of a network of wells in vicinity of the excavation point with determined coordinates, loading of the transport vehicle and its addressing to unloading sites considering content of the useful component in the transported mined rock. Depending on position of the mining unit in relation to location zones of technological sorts of the mined rock in a working face, a possibility is established and a task is created for predominant excavation of a certain technological sort at loading of the transport vehicle, in compliance with which positioning of the bucket of the extraction unit is performed in the working face at excavation; besides, mining-out of the rocks of the working face is started from an outline between technological types of the mined rock, the position of which and location zone of technological types is specified by geophysical methods during excavation as per the analysis data of the mined rock in the bucket of the mining unit.
EFFECT: improving parameters of quality and excavation of technological sorts of ores and mined rock for ore sorting.
SUBSTANCE: method involves performance of hierarchically real structural deep differentiation of a massif, a deposit (or its section), thus, pointing out the following: different-scale and heterogeneous operational sections based on the most characteristic mining-and-geological peculiar features, including peculiar features of components of mine rocks, and within their limits - ore (mining), ore-porous and rock (overburden) horizons, in them - ore bodies or their parts, operating and rock units, in them - real heterogeneous excavation elements divided into thin and extremely thin layers presented with amenable, temporary non-amenable, non-amenable and low-grade diamond-containing ore, or with rocks; automated production of advance, current and operational express information using a complex method representing a combination of forecasting of probabilistic spatial distribution of diamonds in ore units and in their elements and further direct automated identification of availability, position, quality and quantity of diamonds in thin ore layers by means of an X-ray fluorescence method. With that, crystals of diamonds are automatically extracted from thin ore layers by means of annular hole drilling of each of the crystals separately, without any disturbance of their integrity, and separated from mini-massif of each developed thin layer.
EFFECT: improving ecological and energy efficiency of development of diamond-ore deposits.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises an extraction of overburden rocks by longitudinal stripping cuts with placement on their bottom of a free strip, handling of overburdens from working face of the longitudinal stripping cut and their storage in an internal dump. The extraction of overburdens by longitudinal stripping cuts with placement on their bottom of a free strip, handling of overburdens from working face of the longitudinal stripping cut and their storage in an internal dump at the edge of these stripping cuts are performed within the extraction block. Meanwhile along the bottom edge of the internal dump of the extraction block an additional free strip is placed, which is used for storage of overburdens, with forming of internal dump.
EFFECT: improvement of performance of direct mining method at the expense of increase of productivity by minimising of length and time of idle running of the stripping equipment.
SUBSTANCE: in an excavation method of a useful deposit at fan-like advance of scope of mining operations, which involves advancing of a permanent and working trench, installation of transport communications, excavation of a useful deposit and overburden rocks by treatment of wedge-shaped blocks, according to the invention, development of wedge-shaped blocks is performed at two stages as per a shuttle-type scheme without any shifting of transport communications with preliminary formation of an advancing recess at a turning point of transport communications in the direction of the open-pit field boundary on condition of parameters of the advancing recess L, B providing minimum development of a wedge-shaped block by value Bmin.
EFFECT: uninterrupted production of a useful mineral along the whole scope of mining operations.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises making ramps on the border of working and final pit edges for heavy-duty dump trucks, with the placement of the ramp part on its width on the subrepose remnant of rocks, and on the other part - on the final pit edge. On the working pit edge parallel to the formed ramp for heavy-duty dump trucks the ramp is made for light-duty dump trucks. When it is impossible to locate on the board the ramp for heavy-duty dump trucks under conditions of decreasing with depth career space, a part of this ramp, located on the subrepose remnant of the rocks, is developed with transportation of rock mass to the surface by light-duty dump trucks on the ramp on the working pit edge. On the part of the ramp for heavy-duty dump trucks, located at the final pit edge the ramp is formed for light-duty dump trucks. The ramp for light-duty dump trucks from the working edge is moved to the final pit edge, with the formation on it of the steep ramp for movement on it of dump trucks with articulated frame. The rock mass from the steep ramp is transported to the surface on the ramp for light-duty dump trucks on the final pit edge. At the lower part of the pit under conditions of confined space the steep ramp for dump trucks with articulated frame is formed in a known manner.
EFFECT: improving the efficiency of the development of deep-seated deposits.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises making a steep trench using a wheel loader and motor transport, capable to climb steep slopes. Making the trench is carried out in several stages, dividing the steep trench to steeply inclined-horizontal layers with height calculated by taking into account the motion trajectory of the loader bucket, which are mined successively downward. When mining each successive layer the rock mass is preliminary loosened, the loader carries out its withdrawal, delivery and unloading to the motor transport placed at horizontal areas as close as possible to the forehead.
EFFECT: improving efficiency of mining.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises formation of the working area, the technology of mining of overburden benches and ensuring of load-transport communication of working horizons with the surface, mining of the overburden benches of the working area is carried out with excavators with elongated work equipment, taking the height of the benches equal to a sesquialteral height of digging of the excavators. At that, to prevent the collapse of deflectors and hangers on the bench slope above the height of the excavator digging the pre-splitting of its upper part is made by a) contour blasting or b) preliminary slit-formation, formation of the working area is carried out with the use of a cascade scheme of mining of overburden benches, at that the scope of work of each bench is divided to the passive with minimal working areas with a width that provides two-way movement of technology vehicles and its manoeuvring, and an active, working platforms of which include minimum working platforms, and volumes of overburden rocks ready for extraction, the relative length of active edge of each overburden bench is determined by the mathematical formula. Blasting of volumes of overburden rocks ready for extraction of the bench is carried out from the calculation for the entire blasted amount can not be completely placed on the working platform of this bench and on the minimal working platform of the underlying bench adjacent to it, opening the working benches is carried out by steep sliding ramps with longitudinal slope to 12-15° with the condition of use of vehicles that can overcome such slope, and the width providing location of collapse of blasted rock mass during their expansion and simultaneously through pass of process of technology vehicles, the expansion of steep ramps is carried out using track and wheel loaders by dividing the collapse of the blasted rock mass to the horizontal and inclined layers with height determined by taking into account the path of movement of the loader bucket.
EFFECT: reduction of current stripping ratio in the initial period of development of the deposit.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises the identification of operational field, mineral objects of extraction, inside them - operational blocks with standard, temporarily sub-standard and substandard and sub-standard mineral resources and separation of rocky ones, outstripping, current and realtime automated obtaining of express information, digging of uncovering "wells" or short trenches. The roboting automated extraction of a mineral from formations during their extraction using a mechanical method of separation of minerals and rocks of thin rocky interlayers, automated lifting of a mineral to the daylight area or its bypass to the receiving device arranged in an adit. At excavation of fields of upland type, a rock mass is left in a goaf after excavation of interlayers, the face area is temporarily kept using the automated and roboting ready-made fastening.
EFFECT: improvement of performance of development of non-rocky sheet deposits with medium and steep pitch.
SUBSTANCE: method includes the automated and real-time obtaining and processing of the express information on the structure of array of consistently worked-out parts of ledges, their differentiated separation on the basis of the obtained complex system information into multi-scale structural elements of rocks with natural and technogenic fracturing. Separation of the obtained complex system information into multi-scale structural elements of rocks includes strength, elasto-rheological, thermophysical, structural and mechanical characteristics. The automated combined destruction down of structural members comprises the blasting under a mobile engine driven shelter and subsequent disintegration using an electrophysical method in view of the obtained characteristics. Direct accommodation in temporary storage stockpiles and delivery of the obtained products to consumers is performed after the automated feeding of mined rock into a receiving device of the mobile sorting unit with the subsequent separation of mined rock into respective fractions by coarseness.
EFFECT: improvement of performance of development of fields of building rocks of rocky and semi-rocky types.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the mining industry and can be used in development of large deposits of commercial minerals of hollow and tilting occurrence with use of the technique of continuous action with the open-pit mining. The method comprises permanent and initial trenching, mounting of transportation lines, excavation of commercial minerals by mining with wedged stopes. The mining with wedged stopes is carried out from the maximum width of excavation stope to the stope width BTi, which enables movement of transportation lines to the next wedged stope in accordance with the condition:
EFFECT: increase in productivity of excavation and loading complex in mining of deposits of commercial minerals by fan-mining method.
SUBSTANCE: method consists in drilling of wells, damage of highly icy fragments via drilled wells with subsequent formation of reinforcing elements in the base under the structure in the form of piles by means of filling of the produced cavities with a soil and cement pulp. Piles are formed by formation of a soil and cement body simultaneously with drilling of wells by injection of cement mortar under high pressure with soil mixing at reverse movement of a drilling tool. Simultaneously with formation of the soil and cement body they thaw permafrost soil by addition of a concrete strength gain accelerator into the injected cement mortar for activation of concrete hydration and increased heat evolution in the process. The concrete strength gain accelerator in the injected cement mortar is burned anhydrous lime in the amount of 10-15% and hydrochloric acid in the amount of 1-2%.
EFFECT: reduced time for erection of reinforcing piles and accelerated strength gain by erected piles.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the road and railway construction, construction of aerodromes, objects and structures for various purposes, landscape construction and can be used to organize the storage and use of bulk geogrid when developing the base of the road pavement. Method of preparation for storage and usage of bulk geogrid manufactured from the flexible strips stacked on each other and connected inter se in transverse direction in staggered order, consists in forming of package for its placing on the prepared surface. Formation of package is carried out by continuous zigzag laying on the prepared surface of indicated interconnected flexible strips at least in one horizontal row, at that the loops of zigzags have the same geometric dimensions.
EFFECT: technical result consists in providing the compact arrangement of bulk geogrid on the support surface while simplifying the process of geogrid usage.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a landslide protection structure on the basis of a collapsed slope there is a bed of flexible mats, which are made of tight rows of light fascines laid normally to the line of slope inclination. On top of flexible mats there is a fixture of gabion mats with drainage devices made of light fascines and perforated pipes laid by alternating rows and wrapped into a gabion net. Flexible mats in the base and gabion mats on top of them are connected to each other by a galvanised metal wire with diameter of 2.5-3 mm. A drainage prism from rock filling is arranged along the foot of the collapsed slope. Above the slope fixture from flexible and gabion mats there is an additional fixture with low inclination from similar gabion mats with drainage devices. Gabion mats of slope and additional fixtures are tightly tied with the help of reinforcement wire and are fixed to reinforced concrete anchors arranged at a certain distance from each other in stable soil behind collapsed massif of the slope.
EFFECT: reliable protection of different objects located under slopes, where landslides and collapses of soil massifs are possible.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to strengthen a slope with a geocellular geosynthetic material includes a layer of a geotextile material laid top down onto the prepared surface. At the same time above the geotextile material they install a geocellular geosynthetic material made of perforated geostrips, which is fixed by metal anchors on the slope surface. At the same time the inner space of the geocellular geosynthetic material along the entire height of the slope is filled with porous concrete with high filtration properties, and in the base the geocellular geosynthetic material is fixed with a concrete support.
EFFECT: higher static stability of a slope, protection against various effects and drainage of filtration waters.
SUBSTANCE: method includes orientation of a flexible concrete mat (FCM) in respect to a bottom surface by its one or another side depending on type of soil. The method to install the FCM according to the first version includes orientation of FCM to the bottom surface with the side having higher penetration power as water flow in a water course exceeds the value of non-washing speed for this section of the water course and/or if characteristics of bottom surface soil are sufficient for FCM self-submersion into soil under gravity. Otherwise the FCM is oriented to the bottom surface with the side having the lower penetration power. The method of FCM installation according to the second version in case, if the bottom surface is formed mainly by rock, half-rock or clayey soils includes FCM orientation to the bottom surface with a side, on which blocks have bases of flat shape and larger area in plan compared to the opposite side. If the bottom surface is formed mainly by sandy or macrofragmental soils, then orientation of FCM to the bottom surface is carried out with a side, on which blocks have bases of smaller area in plan or are made without bases. If the bottom surface of the water course mainly contains sludges, sapropels, peated soils or peats, then the FCM is oriented to the bottom surface with its any side. The flexible concrete mat comprises concrete blocks, connected to each other row by row and in rows with at least one connection element. Surfaces in these blocks at the upper and lower side of the FCM are made mainly narrowing in direction from the central part of the blocks. The bases of the blocks have flat shape at one or both sides of the FCM. Ratios of average values of the base area, height of blocks and angles of inclination of the side surface of blocks must correspond to the laws given in the patent claim. The coefficient of asymmetry between FCM sides exceeds or its equal to 1.05.
EFFECT: higher reliability of FCM adhesion to protected bottom surfaces of any type.
17 cl, 5 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and nature conservation construction and may be used to protect coastal areas, roads and other facilities against landslides and collapses of soil massifs. The anti-landslide system comprises a stepped arrangement of gabions and heavy fascines at the foot of the collapsed slope. Along the foot of the first stage made of three rows of heavy fascines 4, there is a pile grid 13. The pile grid 13 is made of a group of piles 14, driven into the base at a certain distance from each other along one line, and a metal lathing 15. The lathing 15 is arranged on top of piles at the height of the first step. Gabion mats 5 with drainage devices that create sites of steps 1, 2, 3, are made as cut into a collapsed soil massif and with an inclination towards the retaining walls. On top of the last step the gabion mat 6 of the site is arranged further than the line of possible massif collapse, to its stable soils.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of system operation as an anti-slide structure.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering construction and may be used to protect coastal areas, roads and other facilities against landslides and collapses. The method includes laying of gabions onto the collapsed slope. At first on the base of the collapsed slope they arrange a preparation from flexible mats 2, made from tight rows of light fascines, laid normally to the line of the slope inclination. Then on top of the flexible mats 2 they arrange a fixture from gabion mats 3 with drainage devices, made of light fascines and perforated pipes laid in alternating rows and rolled into a gabion net. Flexible mats 2 in the base and gabion mats 3 on top of them are connected to each other with a galvanised metal wire with diameter of 2.5-3 mm. Along the foot of the collapsed slope they arrange a drainage prism 6 from drop-fill rock. Reliable protection is provided for different facilities located under slopes, where there are landslides and collapses of soil massifs. The method may be most effectively used, when the height of the possible collapse of the soil massif does not exceed 10-12 m.
EFFECT: protection of coastal areas, roads and other facilities against landslides and collapses.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and nature conservation construction and may be used to protect coastal areas, roads and other facilities against landslides and collapses of soil massifs. The method includes stepped installation of gabions and heavy fascines neat the foot of the collapsed slope. Along the foot of the first step a pile grid 13 is arranged, made of a group of piles 14, driven into the base at a certain distance from each other along one line. A lathing 15 is attached to the upper parts of piles from metal profiled beams, which form the pile grid 13. The lathing is arranged along the height of the first step. Behind the pile grid 13 along the length of the first section they put at length three rows of heavy fascines 4 and connect them to each other. Then on top of rows of heavy fascines 4 perpendicularly to it they lay gabion mats 5. Gabion mats 5 with drainage devices that form sites of steps 1, 2, 3, are made as cut into the collapsed soil massif and with an inclination towards the steps. On top of the last stage the gabion mat 6 of the site they build further along the line of possible collapse of the massif to its stable soils.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of system operation as an anti-landslide structure.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: connection device intended for joint fixation of two long cellular localisation structures includes a lead-in element having the first and the second opposite lead-in ends and an elongated part of the lead-in element between them. The lead-in element has the first length between the first and the second lead-in ends, which is combined into a housing located mainly perpendicular from the elongated part of the lead-in element and displaced from each of the first and the second lead-in ends, a combined handle located mainly perpendicular from the housing on the end of the housing, which is equally spaced from the lead-in element. The handle has the first and the second ends and an elongation between them. The housing is displaced from the first and the second ends of the handle. The handle has the second length between their first and second ends. The housing has the third length between the lead-in element and the handle; with that, the second length is larger than the first length, and the third length is less than the half of the first and the second lengths.
EFFECT: improving connection operation efficiency; reducing material consumption and increasing durability of connections.
15 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to strengthen slopes of an earth bed includes making of drainage wells, forced removal of water from cavities of the earth bed outside its borders via drainage wells through directed injection of a hardening mortar towards the drainage wells. Previously reinforcing anchor elements are installed into the body of the earth bed, besides, their installation is carried out in tiers and at the angle to each other to form a spatial lattice.
EFFECT: increased quality and efficiency of performed works, increased resistance of soil massif to compressing and shifting loads.
2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly hydraulic structure reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: method is performed in two-stages. The first stage involves forming vertical elongated flat ground massifs secured by hardening material. Massifs are created in crest embankment area and in upper area of embankment slope so that massifs are spaced minimal available distance from crest and pass through embankment body, including land-sliding upper embankment slope area. Massifs are anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and are arranged at least in three rows and there are at least three massifs in each row. Method for massifs forming involves driving double-slotted injectors directly in embankment ground or in wells formed in embankment and having plugged wellhead; orienting injector slots perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced; injecting hardening material under increased pressure across horizons from top to bottom or in reverse direction, wherein injection is initially performed under 5-15 atm pressure and at minimal rate in each second injector of one outermost row beginning from extreme ones; feeding hardening material in previously missed injectors in this row; supplying injectors of another extreme row with hardening material in the same way; feeding hardening material to ejectors of medium rows under 10-20 atm pressure; performing the second reinforcement stage as material hardens to obtain 70% strength. The second reinforcement stage involves forming vertical elongated flat massifs of secured ground anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and arranged at least in three rows, wherein each one includes at least three massifs. Massifs extend at the angle exceeding embankment slope angle to horizontal line. Massifs are formed with the use of double-slotted injectors in remainder embankment area. Injector slots are directed perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced. Hardening material is ejected in above succession, wherein hardening material pressure is equal to design process pressure enough for direction of feeding hardening material through injector slots and lesser than hardening material injection pressure of the first reinforcement stage.
EFFECT: increased reliability of structure reinforcement; prevention of land-slide on structure slopes.
3 cl, 3 dwg