Wind wheel of segment type electric generator

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind wheel of the segment type electric generator, containing a hub, blades with the stringers designed as a sailing fin assembly, according to the invention, has fastening of stringers to the rim connected to the hub by means of spokes which are designed as flat-topped brackets on vertical sides of which the pairwise cuts are made which contact to the rim. Flat-topped brackets are connected to the rim fasteners, and stringers are fixed on horizontal shelves of flat-topped brackets.

EFFECT: possibility of use of stringers of the blade both as structural elements and magnetic conductors of the segment generator that provides simplification and reduction in cost of the design due to the use of the sailing fin assembly.

5 dwg


The invention relates to the field of wind energy, namely wind wheel wind and microelectromechanical installations with horizontal axis of rotation, primarily intended for operation with power segment type.

Known wheel [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2211366, publ. 27.08.2003, bull. No. 24 / Litvinenko A. M. - application No. 2002104027 / 06 dated 14.02.2002], which contains the hub, the blades, made in the form of sailing wings, spars, rope, D-shaped front edge. Sailing plumage made in the form of elastic plates, the front edge of which has the form of an arch and provided with holes for the spar.

The disadvantage of this wind turbine is the inability to use tissue membranes sailing type.

Closest to the claimed combination of essential characteristics is a wind wheel [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2249720, publ. 10.04.2005, bull. No. 10 / Litvinenko A. M. - application No. 2003130051/06 from 09.10.2003], which includes blades, both major and possibly additional, made in the form of sailing feathers, namely shell, double-layer, bonded around the perimeter of an isosceles triangle, the vertex of which is fastened to the hub, the base fitted with tension bar, which is pivotally connected to the rocker, a rocker pivotally mounted on the outer end of the tubular side member and connected to the tension rod.

The disadvantage of this wind turbine is the difficulty in ensuring the twist of the blades, which, as is well known, provides the best aerodynamic performance, as well as relatively complex cutting sailing plumage.

The invention is aimed at simplifying and cheapening the construction by improving manufacturability.

This is achieved by the fact that the wind turbine generator, segment type, containing the hub, the blades and spars, made in the form of sailing feathers, according to the invention the mounting rails to the rim connected to the hub with spokes made in the form of the U-shaped brackets on the vertical sides of which are made in pairs spaced notches which are in contact with the rim, while the U-shaped bracket connected to the rim fasteners, rails mounted on a horizontal shelves of the U-shaped brackets.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a wind wheel in reduced scale, front view, Fig.2 - U-shaped element spar, end view, and Fig.3 shows a three-dimensional image of the U-shaped plate of Fig.4 - fixing the plate on the rim, the view along the section of the rim of Fig.5 is an external scan of the rim.

Wind wheel has a zone arc of the stator 1, the side members of the magnetic circuit 2, sailing plumage 3, U-shaped bracket 4, the rim 5, the Itza 6, the hub 7. The u-shaped element includes a vertical side 8, a horizontal shelf 9, the mounting rails are made with nuts 10, U-shaped brackets have holes for fastening to the rim 11 and the mounting holes of the side members 12 and openings 13 for contact with the outer edges of the rim. Fastening a U-shaped element to the rim is carried out by means of bolts 14, and between the side members 2 spanned sailing plumage 3 made in the form of a cylindrical surface.

Wheel works as follows. At clash of the wind flow is the rotation of the wind turbine due to the deviation of the flow caused by the inclined position of the blades. While periodically opens and closes the magnetic circuit: the stator - side member is U-shaped element of the second spar is the stator. As a result, in the stator element of the induced EMF, which is then passed to the consumer.

Technical and economic advantage of the claimed device is the ability to use the spar of the blade at the same time as structural elements and magnetic segment generator that reduces capital costs, and also allows the use of having the smallest value on the date of sailing of feathers.

Wind wheel generator segment type, containing the hub, is opasti with spars, made in the form of sailing feathers, characterized in that the mounting rails to the rim connected to the hub with spokes made in the form of the U-shaped brackets on the vertical sides of which are made in pairs spaced notches which are in contact with the rim, while the U-shaped bracket connected to the rim fasteners, rails mounted on a horizontal shelves of the U-shaped brackets.


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