# Method of determining speed and accuracy of physical actions of athletes in playing sports

FIELD: sports.

SUBSTANCE: circle is shown to the subject on the video-monitor screen, on which a label is placed and the point object moving along the circle. The period of motion of the point object along the circle is set sequentially equal to 2.0; 1.7; 1.5; 1.3; 1.1; 0.9 and 0.7 seconds. At each period of turnover of the point object along the circle at the time of the supposed coincidence of position of the moving point object with the label the subject stops the movement of the point object along the circle with the given number of times by pressing the "Stop" button. Then the error of mismatching the point object and the label is calculated - the time of trailing error with a positive sign or anticipation with the negative sign, and after the specified time the motion of the point object along the circle is renewed. For each period of the turnover of the point object along the circle the estimate of the reaction time t of the subject to the moving object is calculated as the arithmetic mean by the formula $t = ∑ i = 1 n t i / n ,$ where ti is trailing i-error value or the absolute value of the anticipation error, ms; n is the number of stops of the point object in the label position area. Then the curve of a function t=f(T) is plotted, on the curve the zone of permissible values of reaction time t of the subject to the moving object is marked, corresponding to the value of the response time of the turnover period of the point object along the circle, equal to 2.0 s. The maximum speed of physical actions of the subject is taken as corresponding to the minimum period of turnover of the point object along the circle, when the value of the reaction time of the subject to the moving object, which characterises the accuracy of its physical actions, is in a permissible zone. Accuracy of physical actions is evaluated according to the size of zone of permissible values of the reaction time of the subject to the moving object.

EFFECT: method enables to set different period of the point object motion along the circle, and to determine the maximum speed of physical actions of the athlete in playing sports, when their accuracy is maintained by instrumental measurements.

6 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

The invention relates to sports medicine and is intended to determine the speed and accuracy of motor actions of the athlete in team sports.

In team sports athletes require rapid assessment of competitive situations, the adoption of appropriate solutions and technical skill in the performance of motor actions [1]. The efficiency of the motor depends on the motor capabilities [2], due to the ability to perform motor actions within a short period of time, called speed [3], and accuracy of movements, which is defined as the motor of the act, implemented by compliance with the pre-installed system characteristics [4].

Known methods of estimating speed by the time the latent period of motor responses, single speed of movement, frequency of movements per unit time and the derivative of these indicators - movement speed [5].

The disadvantage is the inability to determine the accuracy of motor actions in team sports.

There is a method of study the optimal speed of motor actions by writing the digits "2", "3" and "6", presented in random order. In the course of the research the optimal motor reaction time (time to start writing digits), and the optimal period is made the I action (interval presentation of digits) are taken equal to their minimum values, in which every action and activity in General for a long time (200-300 C) are performed accurately [6].

The disadvantage of this method is the duration of the study, the dependence of results on the level of skill and way of writing numbers (pencil, pen, chalk, and so on).

The closest to the technical nature of the present method is a method of assessing the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports, namely, that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the error does not match the bitmap object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, determine the maximum absolute error value does not match the bitmap object and labels, evaluating the accuracy of motor actions of the test is equal to the maximum absolute error value does not match then echnolo object and tag [7].

In this way is determined by the maximum absolute error value does not match the bitmap object and a label that characterizes the probability of error in a series of motor actions, i.e. the probability of a technical defect, however, the accuracy of a series of motor actions is not evaluated.

The technical result of the proposed method consists in determining the maximum speed of the motor actions of the athlete in team sports, which retain their accuracy.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the error does not match the bitmap object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, and the new is the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle asking consistently equal 2,0; 1,7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0,9 and 0.7 s, for every what about the period T compute the estimate of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object as an average value according to the formula

$t=∑i=1nti/n,(1)$

where ti- i-e error value delay or the absolute value of the error of pre-emption, MS; n is the number of stops of a point object in the field of TIC; build the graph of the function t=f(T) on the graph mark the zone of permissible values of the reaction time t of the test on the moving object corresponding to the value of the response time when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle, is equal to 2.0 secs; maximum speed of the motor action of the test take the appropriate minimum period of Tminturnover point of the object around the circle, at which the value of the response time t of the test on a moving object, characterizing the accuracy of its motor action is in the valid area; precision motor actions appreciate the value of valid values of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object.

The task of the subject, seeking to stop a moving object, exactly the capacity of its labeled (Fig.1), is to find some amount of pre-emption of their motor actions taking into account the velocity of the object, the remaining distance and speed of their motor actions [8]. The validity of the test in such situations correspond to the actions of an athlete in a sport that allows you to define the maximum speed of the motor action that allows it to maintain their accuracy.

To evaluate the response time to a moving object is calculated the average of the errors does not match the bitmap object and labels [9]. However, the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object of the athlete's sports, calculated as an average value, it is not possible to adequately evaluate the accuracy of its motor actions. Path when testirovanie reaction time on a moving object two subjects received the following error values do not match the provisions of point object and marks:

- for the first Respondent+10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10 MS shown in Fig.2;

for the second Respondent+5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5 MS shown in Fig.3.

Average error values do not match the provisions of point object and label both subjects are the same, but their variation amplitude and the scattering of the second Respondent is less than the first, therefore, the accuracy of the engine is the major action of the second Respondent above.

In Fig.1 presents a circle, placed the subject on the screen of the video monitor, where 1 - marker, 2 - point object moving with a constant speed in a circle.

In Fig.2-3 presents the diagram of the error values of the lag and lead of the two subjects in Fig.4-6 - graphs of reaction time on the moving object from the period of turnover of a moving object on a circle based on the results of the three test subjects.

The proposed method of determining the speed and accuracy of motor actions of the athlete in team sports is as follows.

The subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, on which is placed a label 1 and a point object 2 moving along a circle (Fig.1). The period T of the motion of a point object 2 on the circumference ask consistently equal 2,0; 1,7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0,9 and 0.7 C.

At each period T of the turnover point of the object 2 on the circumference at the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object 2 labeled 1 subject specified number of times by pressing the "Stop" stops the motion of the point object 2 on the circle. Then calculate the error does not match the point object 2, and labels 1 - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay resume DV is laid on the point object 2 on the circle.

For each period T of the turnover point of the object 2 on the circumference calculate the estimate of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object as an average value according to the formula (1). Then build the graph of the function t=f(T) on the graph mark the zone of permissible values of the reaction time t of the test on the moving object corresponding to the value of the response time when the period T of the turnover point of the object 2 on the circumference of 2.0 C.

The maximum speed of the motor action of the test take the appropriate minimum period of Tminturnover point of the object 2 on the circle at which the value of the response time t of the test on a moving object, characterizing the accuracy of its motor action is in the valid area. Precision motor actions appreciate the value of valid values of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object.

The inventive method allows, by setting different period of motion of a point object in a circle, determine the maximum speed of the motor actions of the athlete in team sports, which retain their accuracy.

Thus, the inventive method of determining the speed and accuracy of motor actions in team sports has new properties, contributing to the technical result.

Example 1.

Subject A., age 17, with 1 digit volleyball on the video monitor screen of the personal computer brought the circle, which contains a label and a point object moving in a clockwise circle, making one revolution in 2.0 secs (Fig.1)

The subject, watching the movement of a point object on the circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of the point object with the position of the label pressed key of the keyboard of the computer Space that functions as a "Stop" button. The computer at the time you press the Spacebar stopped the movement of a point object in a circle, calculate the error does not match the provisions of point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, put the value of the time error in the storage device and 1 with continued movement of the point object in a circle.

Tested in accordance with the recommendations [8] performed 13 stops the motion of a point object in the field of TIC, the first three of which in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object was not taken into account. The testing produced the following error values do not match the provisions of point object and marks, MS: 9, 15, 19, 11, 6, 15, 20, 12, 22, 4. Evaluation of the reaction time of the test on the moving object calculated by the formula (1) is equal to 13.3 MS.

Similarly A. subject completed the test in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle, consistently equal to 1.7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0.9 and 0.7 C. Evaluation of the reaction time of the test on the moving object calculated by the formula (1) shown in table 1, the graph of the function t=f(T) - Fig.4.

 Table 1 Period T, with 2,0 1,7 1,5 1,3 1,1 0,9 0,7 Evaluation of t, MS 13,3 the 10.1 10,9 10,2 12,8 19,8 22,1

On the graph of a function t=f(T) of said zone Δ=13,3 MS valid values of the reaction time t of the test on the moving object corresponding to the value of the response time when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circumference of 2.0 C. the Maximum speed of the motor actions of the subject, which retain their accuracy, took the appropriate minimum period of Tmin turnover point object in a circle, equal 1,08 C, at which the value of the response time t of the test on the moving object is in a valid zone. Precision motor actions took the appropriate size of the zone of acceptable values Δ of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object is equal to 13.3 MS.

Example 2.

Subject L., age 18, have 1 category basketball, similar to the subject A., completed the test in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle, consistently equal 2,0; 1,7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0,9 and 0.7 C.

Evaluation of the reaction time of the test on the moving object calculated by the formula (1) shown in table 2, the graph of the function t=f(T) - Fig.5.

On the graph of a function t=f(T) of said zone Δ=16,4 MS valid values of the reaction time t of the test on the moving object corresponding to the value of the response time when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circumference of 2.0 C. the Maximum speed of the motor actions of the subject, which retain their accuracy, took the appropriate minimum period of Tminturnover point object in a circle, equal 0,93 C, at which the value of the response time t of the test on the moving object is in a valid zone. Precision motor actions took the appropriate size of the zone of acceptable values Δ of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object is equal to 16.4 MS.

Example 3.

Subject C., age 18, have 1 category badminton, similar to the subject A., completed the test in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle, consistently equal 2,0; 1,7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0,9 and 0.7 C.

Evaluation of the reaction time of the test on the moving object calculated by the formula (1) shown in table 3, the graph of the function t=f(T) - Fig.6.

 Table 2 Period T, with 2,0 1,7 1,5 1,3 1,1 0,9 0,7 Evaluation of t, MS 16,4 13,3 14,2 10,2 10,7 the 17.3 21,6
 Table 3 Period T, with 2,0 1,7 1,5 1,3 1,1 0,9 0,7 Evaluation of t, MS 17,7 14,8 13,9 15,2 13,7 15,9 19,0

On the graph of a function t=f(T) of said zone Δ=17,7 MS valid values of the reaction time t of the test on the moving object corresponding to the value of the response time when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circumference of 2.0 C. the Maximum speed of the motor actions of the subject, which retain their accuracy, took the appropriate minimum period of Tminturnover point of the object around the circle, is equal to 0.8, which is the response time t of the test on the moving object is in a valid zone. Precision motor actions took the appropriate size of the zone of acceptable values Δ of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object is equal to 17.7 MS.

The analysis of test results shows that the minimum period of the turnover point of the object around the circle, at which time the reaction of the test on the moving object is in a valid area, epithemiou. (1 category badminton) less than in subjects L. (division 1 basketball) and A. (division 1 volleyball). Therefore, the maximum speed of the motor action of the test Century, which retains its accuracy is higher than in subjects L. and A.

The zone of acceptable values of the reaction time of the test A. (division 1 volleyball) on a moving object corresponding to the value of the reaction time during the period of the turnover point of the object around the circle, is equal to 2.0 with less than examinees L. (division 1 basketball) and Century (1 category badminton). Therefore, the accuracy of the motor action of the tested A. higher than in subjects L. and C.

Thus, the proposed method allows to determine the speed and accuracy of motor actions of the athlete in game species by testing the response to a moving object by changing the speed of motion of a point object in a circle.

Sources of information

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2. Korenberg Century B. Sports skills and opportunities // theory and practice of physical culture and sports. - 2009. No. 3. - C. 3 to 9.

3. Karpenko, L. A. Key aspects of successful teaching and training work in the arts is authorized gymnastics // physical Culture and health. - 2007. No. 4. - S. 45-49.

4. Belokopytov J., Lavrentieva Century, Kozhevnikova L. the Content and structure of program of development of coordination abilities in girls 10-13 years engaged in artistic gymnastics // Physical education students. - 2010. No. 3. - N-3-8.

5. Lip B. N. foundations of early recognition of sports talent: textbook for higher educational institutions of physical culture. - M.: Tera-Sport, 2003. - 208 S.

6. Martinin A. B. Optimal rate of sensorimotor activity // Theory and practice of physical culture and sports. - 2009. No. 1. - S. 71-74.

7. RF patent 2457785, IPC A61B 5/16. A method of evaluating the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports / Zakamskaya A. C., polevschikov M M Rogozov centuries No. 2011122491/14; Appl. 02.06.2011; publ. 10.08.2012.

8. Methods and portable apparatus for the study of individual psychological differences between man / N. M. Pashov, A. P. Kashin, G., Baranov, R., Vagapov; Ed. by C. M. Shadrin. - Kazan: Publishing house of Kazan University, 1976. - 238 S.

9. RF patent 2326595, IPC A61B 5/16. The method of estimating the response time of a person on a moving object / Pesoshin Century A. Petukhov, I. C., Rozhentsov centuries No. 2326595/14; Appl. 04.06.2007; publ. 20.06.2008.

The method of determining the speed and accuracy of motor actions of the athlete in team sports, namely, that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, on which is placed Oh the label and a point-like object, a point object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the error does not match the bitmap object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, wherein the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle asking consistently equal 2,0; 1,7; 1,5; 1,3; 1,1; 0,9 and 0.7 s, for each period T compute the estimate of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object as an average value according to the formula
$t=∑i=1nti/n$,
where ti- i-e error value delay or the absolute value of the error of pre-emption, MS; n is the number of stops of a point object in the field of TIC; build the graph of the function t=f(T) on the graph mark the zone of permissible values of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object, the corresponding mn is to increase the reaction time when the period T of the turnover point of the object around the circle, equal to 2.0 secs; maximum speed of the motor action of the test take the appropriate minimum period of Tminturnover point of the object around the circle, at which the value of the response time t of the test on a moving object, characterizing the accuracy of its motor action is in the valid area; precision motor actions appreciate the value of valid values of the reaction time t of the test on a moving object.

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: person being tested is presented with a circle, which comprises a mark and a point object, on a monitor screen. The point object moves at a preset speed around the circumference; at the moment the moving point object and the mark are supposed to converge, the individual presses the Stop button to stop the circular motion of the moving point object. After a preset time, the motion of the point object is reactivated. The described procedure is repeated for the preset number of times; after stopping the circular motion of the point object, a deflection of the point object from the mark is evaluated. The time of the individual's response Tr to the moving object is evaluated as an arithmetic mean value by formula

wherein ti is the i-th deflection of the point object from the mark, ms; n is the number of stops of the point object in the area of the mark.

EFFECT: method enables providing the more reliable evaluation of the time of the individual's response to the moving object ensured by the fact that the time of delay or advance error is accepted as deflections of the stopped moving object from the mark and taken with a positive sign.

5 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: before a dental intervention, tests are used to determine a degree of the patient's psychoemotional stress and psychophysiological state, and to measure pulse before the first test (P1), between the tests (P2) and after the second test (P3). A mild degree of the psychoemotional stress, the stable psychophysiological state in a combination with a difference of P3 and P2 no more than 15 beats per minute as compared to a difference of P2 and P1, the psychoemotional state is considered to be stable, and the patient is stated to be ready to the dental intervention. A moderate degree of the psychoemotional stress, the borderline psychophysiological state in a combination with a difference of P3 and P2 no more than 15 beats per minute as compared to the optimum state with a difference of P2 and P1, the psychoemotional state is considered to be labile, and the relaxation measures are stated as necessary before the dental intervention. A severe degree of the psychoemotional stress, the unstable psychophysiological state in a combination with a difference of P3 and P2 more than 15 beats per minute as compared to a difference of P2 and P1, the psychoemotional state is considered to be unfavourable for the dental intervention to be postponed.

EFFECT: method enables the rapid assessment of the patient's psychoemotional state before the dental intervention.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: single-step testing of white rats is carried out in an open field facility. The total length of locomotion, sniffing, and sitting actions as well as the number of upright postures and freezing acts are recorded. Prognostic coefficients F1 and F2 are determined by formulas and compared. If F2 is more than F1, cognitive disorders are stated in experimental animals, and if F1 is more than F2, the above are stated to be absent. That is followed by calculating a prognostic index (PI), which is used to determine an intensity of the cognitive disorders: low, moderate and high.

EFFECT: method enables detecting the presence of the cognitive disorders in the rats by using the values of motor and investigatory activity and anxiety.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to preventive medicine, and aims at detecting young individuals suffering from a high risk of cardiovascular diseases for the timely correction. The individuals are presented with a questionnaire to detect major risk factors of the cardiovascular diseases in accordance with the National Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Guidelines. The questionnaire results are appraised by points: if observing psychological stress 3.01-4 for males and 2.83-4 for females, 0 points are assigned; 2.01-3 for males and 1.83-2.82 for females, 1 point is assigned; 2 and less for males and 1.82 and less for females, 2 points are assigned; if the respondent doesn't smoke, 0 points are assigned; if he/she smokes less than 1 cigarette a day, 1 point is assigned; smoking 1 and more cigarettes a day implies assigning 2 points; if the patient intakes ethanol in an amount of 13.7 g a day and less, 0 points are assigned; an intake of ethanol in an amount of 13.8 g to 27.4 g a day and less enables assigning 1 point; using ethanol 27.5 g and more requires assigning 2 points; if blood pressure is less than 129/84 mm Hg, 0 point is assigned; if the blood pressure value falls within the range of 130-139/85-89 mm Hg, 1 point is assigned, and 2 points are assigned, if the blood pressure value is 140/90 mm Hg or more; if a body weight index is 24.9 kg/m2 and less, 0 points are assigned; if the range is 25-29.9 kg/m2, 1 point is assigned; the value of 30 kg/m2 provides assigning 2 points; if the physical activity is accompanied by energy burning of 3 MET/min and more over six late months and more, 0 points are assigned; the physical activity accompanied by energy burning of 3 MET/min under six late months, 1 point is assigned; if the physical activity is accompanied by energy burning of less than 3 MET/min, 2 points are assigned; if the individual consumes more than 500 g of vegetables and fruit a day, 0 point is assigned; consuming less than 500 g provides assigning 1 point, and if a daily ratio contains no fruit and vegetables, 2 points are assigned; if a rest heart rate is 50 to 69 beats per minute, 0 points are assigned; the heart rate falling within the range of 70 to 79 beats per minute provides assigning 1 point, and the heart rate of 80 beats per minute and more ensures assigning 2 points; a negative past medical history of the cardiovascular diseases with manifested ischemic heart disease or cardiovascular diseases in the male relatives in the first degree aged 55 years old or less and in the female relatives in the first degree aged 65 years old or less shows assigning 0 point, while a positive past medical history of the cardiovascular diseases makes it possible to assign 1 point. The total score is derived, and if the calculated value is 8 points and more, the respondent is referred to a group of a high risk of cardiovascular diseases, and preventive measures are recommended.

EFFECT: method enables evaluating a risk of cardiovascular diseases in the young individuals by evaluating the risk factors.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: sports.

SUBSTANCE: circle on the monitor screen is presented to the subject, on which a mark and a point object is placed. The point object moves at a predetermined speed along the circle. The testee stops the movement of the point object along the circle at the time of the proposed coincidence of its position with the mark by pressing the "Stop" button. Then the mismatch error of the point object and the mark is calculated. This is the time of trailing error with a positive sign or anticipation with a negative sign. After the predetermined time, the motion of the point object along the circle is resumed. The described procedure is performed the specified number of times. The order statistics of mismatch errors of the point object and marks is created. The range of the order is calculated by the formula: R=tmax-tmin. The ratio of the largest member of the order statistics tmax to the range R is calculated, multiplied by 100. The maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max| is determined. The lower quartile (25% quantile) of the maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max| is calculated. The percentage P of the absolute values of the prediction errors is determined, which are in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tpred.max|. Rating P is calculated as the reciprocal number of the arithmetic mean of the range R, the ratio of the largest member of the order statistics tmax to the range R, multiplied by 100, and the percentage Per of the absolute values of prediction errors which are in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max|, multiplied by 100, according to the formula: P=100×1/(R+100×tmax/R+Per)/3=300/(R+100tmax/R+Per). The testee who has a higher rating is regarded as the most promising and able to show better results in upcoming competitions.

EFFECT: increasing reliability of determining the rating of combat athletes by evaluating the ratio of excitation and inhibition that characterises the speed capabilities and accuracy of motor actions.

10 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to sports medicine and aims at assessing a playing sportsman's physical actions accuracy. A sportsman being tested is presented a circle on a display with a mark and a point object moving at a specified speed round the circle. The sportsman being tested follows the point object travelling and stops it moving round the circle by pressing a Stop button once seeing an assumed matching of the moving point object and the mark. That is followed by calculating a matching error of the point object and the mark - a lag time with a positive sign or a lead time with a negative sign, and proceeding with moving the point object round the circle after some time. The sportsman being tested performs the described procedure for the specified times; a static series of the matching errors of the point object and mark is plotted; a range of the series is calculated, and a segment limited by the greatest and smallest members of the static series is marked on a number line. The physical actions accuracy of the sportsman being tested is assessed by a numerical line position of the segment limited by the greatest and smallest members of the static series of the matching errors of the point object and mark closest to a symmetry of a relatively zero point and the smallest value of the range of the matching errors of the point object and mark.

EFFECT: method enables providing the more reliable assessment characterising the playing sportsman's physical actions accuracy by instrumental measurements.

12 dwg, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and can be used for the correction of gynoid obesity. That is ensured by typing an eating disorder to be psychologically corrected. A diet therapy is prescribed with a caloric value determined by reducing a patient's habitual daily average caloric requirement per a percent equal to the patient's body weight index. That is combined with a low-carbohydrate diet with the carbohydrate content reduced to 40-60 g/day for 2 weeks. That is followed by prescribing a low-fat diet with the fat content reduced to 40-60 g/day for 10 weeks with avoiding fast assimilated carbohydrates having a glycaemic index of more than 50. The diet therapy cycle is repeated. That is combined with graduated aerobic physical exercises with no weight and resistance for the muscle groups of the lower body. There are also performed muscle-strengthening load exercises for the muscle group of the upper body promoting muscle fatigue. Between and after the graduated physical exercises, there are performed prolonged aerobic physical loads at least 5 days a week for 40-60 minutes. That is combined with the drug-free procedures aiming at improving the regional blood flow, increasing gluteofemoral and lower extremities muscle tonus. The low-fat diet involves administering health aids from the group of intestinal membrane-bound alpha-glucosidase and pancreatic alpha-amylase inhibitors. The course of the obesity correction involves administering catechin-containing preparations or biologically active additives. From the second month from the beginning of the obesity correction, the patient's face is exposed to full-spectrum natural or artificial light at intensity of not less than 2,000 lux for 1-2 hours a day simultaneously or alternatively with the physical loads.

EFFECT: method provides the effective weight reduction in the patients with gynoid obesity with reducing side effects.

5 cl, 8 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, forensic medicine, diagnostic measurements, including in investigative practice. An interactive psychophysiological testing (PPT) involves presenting a person being tested test questions, determining, analysing the psychogenesis parameters with using the person's physical parameter sensors, indicating the results and estimating. The test questions are typed as follows: first-version questions Q1, second-version questions Q2, neutral questions N. The questions Q1 and Q2 have an alternative meaning and equal power and are characterised by an equal presentation time, a consistency of comparing the questions according to the alternative versions, a minimised subjective personal effect of the PPT test expert by sound colour and level, an unconscious emotional support on the person's question perception, as well as an identity of putting the questions to be compared, their length and a fixation of the meaningful word and/or word combination in similar segments of both questions to be compared. The test is put in accordance with a concatenation as follows X:0→C,…,C→Q11.Q21→N→ →Q21.Q22→N→…→Q1n.Q2n→N, wherein X is a person's identification index; 0 is a non-estimated zero question; C is a question relieving an expectation stress; Q1i is the first-version question, wherein i=1, 2,…, n; Q2i is the second-version question, wherein i=1, 2,…, n; N is a neutral question; n is a number of specific circumstances of the event or action; ":", "→", "." are devisors. The questions are put taking into account the staging of the tested event, including the confirmed facts or data only and excluding the expert's conjectures or versions. The results are used to state one of the two alternative versions and to estimate the respective status of the person being tested. The psychogenesis is determined and analysed with using a polygraph, while putting the questions of the two alternative versions, indicating and processing the PPT data are conducted with a computer with relevant software.

EFFECT: method provides higher information value, accuracy, reliability, objectiveness of the PPT results as compared to the previously known tests up to 90-95% with avoiding the distortion and ambivalence of the results.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to cardiology, and can be used for detecting individuals with a risk of the hypertensive disease. Regulatory relative risk of the disease, as well as standard multivariable personality test scores are determined for 10 years in apparently healthy males by the core examination, and a relation curve is plotted with using the scores: neurotic overcontrol - over 45 points, pessimistic attitude - over 49 points, rigidity - over 58 points, anxiety - over 67 points, and individuality - over 50 points. The scale scores are determined in the patient, and the curve is used to evaluate an individual relative risk of the hypertensive disease for the following 10 years in the patient.

EFFECT: method enables fast evaluation of the risk of this disease directly at the doctor's in a specific patient and detecting the individuals with the high risk of the hypertensive disease for the purpose of taking timely preventive measures.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to carrying out psychophysiological studies, e.g. analysing the individual's psychophysiological responses, and can be used in medical purposes, advertising industry, functional diagnostics, education science, psychology, judicial practice and criminal science. Current normal baseline physiological parameters of a person being tested are recorded by means of a polygraph. That is followed by forming a number of independent conceptual blocks of visual information to be presented to the person being tested on a demonstration monitor of an eye motion recording device to assess the subjective significance of the visual information. An eye position, motion, a path of motion and fixation lengths are recorded; zones of preferential passive concentration fixation are recorded. The derived data are analysed to select a primary gaze zone and to determine a gaze length. Visual information elements drawing much attention are determined; when presenting the visual information by means of the eye motion recording device, synchronous measurements of the physiological parameters of the person being tested are taken by using blood pressure contact sensors, photoplethysmographic measurement, galvanic skin response, upper and lower respiration pressure transducers, tremor sensors connected in turn to a sensor unit of a polygraph recording and processing the signals supplied from the sensors. The physiological parameter variations of the person being tested are assessed by comparing an excursion of their current values from the pre-recorded baseline values; the physiological parameter variations of the person being tested specific for perceiving the subjectively significant information and being simultaneous with the primary gaze moments are used to detect the visual information elements having the most emotional impact on the person being tested. Thereafter, the qualitative emotional assessment is ensured by distributing the detected visual information elements according to the pre-set parameters into a sequence with opposite coordinates in the form of verbal antonyms with using a semantic differential method.

EFFECT: method enables providing more accurate psychophysiological studies related to assessing the information perception, assessing the exposure of the visual information and its significance for the individual by recording the physiological parameters and using the semantic differential method.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.

EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining prognostic parameter values like those of lung ventilation function after spoken rational and irrational test texts. Three values are calculated from the obtained data using linear classification functions. They are compared and functional cerebral asymmetry pattern is to be predicted from their values.

EFFECT: high accuracy and reliability of prognosis.

FIELD: medicine, neurology.

SUBSTANCE: by the table of quantitative evaluation of affected praxysis and gnosis as the value of cerebral corical disorders and degree of dementia manifestation level one should calculate in points these disorders. Moreover, if total value is above 24 points one should diagnose no disorders, if 20-23 points - light disorders, if 10-19 points - moderate disorders, and if below 9 points - pronounced functional disorders are stated upon.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, pediatrics.

SUBSTANCE: the present method deals with predicting deviations in psychic disorders in small children to detect initial manifestations of psychic disorders in children aged 1 mo - 3 yr. A child undergoes diagnostic tests to study 5 spheres of psychic activity: sensorics including the studying of vision, hearing, reflector tactile sensitivity and individual tactile sensitivity; emotions; the sphere of gnosis including the studying of attention, expressive and impressive speech, peculiarities of one's thinking; in behavioral sphere one should evaluate biological behavior that includes alimentary behavior and one's skills to be neat, and, also, social behavior that includes the development of "mother-child" system and communication with alien people, moreover, for every age period there are 20 test questions and each task is evaluated by 5 points, then one should determine the coefficient of psychic development (CPD) by the following formula: CPD = Σ (+ n), where Σ (+ n) - the sum of points for all fulfilled age tasks and at CPD being equal to 90 - 110 points one should detect normal psychic development, at CPD being equal to 80 - 89 and 111 points and higher the risk for the development of nervous-psychic pathology is detected and at CPD being equal to 79 points and less one should state nervous-psychic development as affected.

EFFECT: higher quality of diagnostics.

4 ex

FIELD: medicine, medicinal psychology.

SUBSTANCE: one should test a patient by seven scales: frequency, duration, intensity, sensor perception of pain, emotional attitude towards pain, neurotization level, adaptation capacity level to evaluate the results obtained by the scales mentioned from 0 to 6 points. Moreover, the scales for sensor perception and emotional attitude, the levels of neurotization and adaptation capacity should be evaluated in accordance to the Tables given in description. Additionally, one should, compare the degree of psychogenic constituent of pain according to chromatic choice made by a patient depending upon, at least, three choices of pain intensity: "pain during testing", "no pain", "severe pain" in accordance to the Tables given in description. Then, according to the results of testing one should evaluate the degree of patient's pain feelings both quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, by the scale of frequency the appearance of pain should be evaluated from "pain appeared once during several days or rarely" to "constant pain". By the scale of duration pain should be evaluated from "momentary pain" to "constant pain". By the scale of intensity the pain should be evaluated from "very weak pain" to "unbearable pain". By the scale of neurotization level one should take into account basic behavioral factors, such as anxiety, emotional lability, aggression, depression, psychogenia, hypochondria. The present innovation enables to increase significance in evaluating pain achieved due to broadened verbal description of patient's pain feelings.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.

5 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex, 17 tbl

FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: the method deals with correcting neurological and psychopathological disorders with anxiety-phobic symptomatics due to individual trainings. The method includes evaluation of body reaction to stimulating signals, seances of individual training performed due to the impact of two quasiantipodal stimulating signals of similar physical modality applied in time of sporadic character, and as a signal one should present biological feedback for the altered value of physiological parameter adequately reflecting body reaction to the impact of stimulating signal. At the first stage of training it is necessary to achieve body adaptation to the impact of quasiantipodal stimulating signals, at the second stage it is necessary to obtain conditional reflex for one out of stimulating signals, for this purpose one should accompany this stimulating signal with discomfort impact, during the third stage, finally, due to volitional efforts one should suppress body reaction to stimulating signal. The devise suggested contains successively connected a transformer of physiological parameter into electric signal and a bioamplifier, an analysis and control block with a connected block to present the signals of biological feedback, a block for presenting discomfort impact, an indication block and that of forming and presenting quasiantipodal stimulating signals. The innovation enables to have skills to control one's emotions, decrease sensitivity threshold to environmental impacts and learn to how behave during stress situations.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring patient weight, recording age and sex of the patient. The patient is positioned in front of computer display unit. The data are inputted into the computer comprising software containing a program for estimating organism organs and systems condition. The following organs are detected. Lung, spleen, heart, kidneys, liver are proved for having deviations from norm with negative sign towards hypofunction or with positive sign towards hyperfunction. The data are displayed with the program on the screen as a table with reference and current values being shown in relative units with plus or minus sign. Canal states are estimated from detected organs being under maximum stress on the basis of infogram: lung canal P, spleen - canal RP, heart - canal C, kidneys - canal R, liver - canal F. When estimating organ state with deviation having plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having energy excess. When organ state deviation has plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having lack of energy. Eye diseases are diagnosed from state of organs and canals of P, RP, C, R and F. Hyperfunction in organ and excess in canal being available, initial ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed. Hypofunction in organ and deficit in canal being available, chronic ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed.

EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.

3 cl, 7 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out situation, planning, self-control and correction analysis. Volitional effort is included into functional self-organization process structure components. Functional self-organization process structure components characterize the following individual human specific characteristics: 1) goal-setting as taking and retaining aims; 2) situation analysis as revealing and analyzing circumstances essential from the point of view of achieving the set goal; 3) planning as scheduling private activity; 4) volitional effort as changing private activity sense; 5) self-control as controlling and estimating private actions; 6) correction as adjusting private goals, situation analysis, plan of actions, private activity sense, estimation criteria and self-control forms. Human self-organization process structure diagnosis is set after relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional effort and overfatigue. The relaxation training is exercised in coachman position with calming musical accompaniment and comprises the following stages: 1) respiratory exercises (inspiration duration is equal to expiration one, breath is hold between the inspiration and expiration for a time twice as short as inspiration time) 4 min long; 2) relaxation exercises (invoking heaviness and warmth sensation) of head, arms, legs and body -8 min long; 3) rest in maximum relaxation state - 4 min long.

EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves showing sequence of two luminous pulses of 10 ms duration separated by 150 ms long pause. The pulses are repeated in constant 1.5 s long interval. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is reduced at the first measurement stage at constant speed of 20ms/s until a testee fixes fusion of two luminous pulses into single one in subjective assessment mode. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is increased at the second measurement stage with given constant step of 0.4 ms until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses separation. Pause duration is reduced in discrete mode with given constant 0.1 ms long step at the third measurement stage until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses fusion into single one. Human vision system persistence time is determined to be equal to pause duration between two luminous pulses when subjective fusion into single pulse takes place at the third measurement stage.

EFFECT: high accuracy in determining human vision system persistence time.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves asking patient to tell or write down 5-7 novels. Rhetorical structure representations of the novels are built. Rhetorical structure mean depth being greater than 8, branching index being greater than 88 and occurrence of relations like sequence and consequence being less than 8, cognitive source relation being greater than 5, opposition relation being greater than 2 per 100 discourse units, neurotic disorder is to be diagnosed.

EFFECT: high accuracy of the method.

2 dwg, 1 tbl