Decorative facing material

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative facing material includes, wt %: ground sheet glass 75.0-77.0; ground tuff 8.0-10.0; borax 10.0-13.0; ground talc 3.0-4.0. Frost resistance of the material makes at least 25 cycles. Components are dosed in required quantities. Sheet glass (broken glass) previously ground to powdered condition is mixed with borax and tuff and talc ground to powder condition. The produced mass is laid into detachable metal moulds, compacted and sintered at 800-870°C.

EFFECT: increased frost resistance of produced material.

1 tbl


The invention relates to compositions and decorative finishing materials that can be used in construction.

Known ornamental material for the manufacture of tiles containing, wt.%: crushed glass 66,0-70,0; tuff 15,0-17,0; ground blast furnace slag 15,0-17,0 [1].

The objective of the invention is to increase the frost resistance of decorative facing material.

The technical result is achieved in that the decorative facing material including crushed glass and crushed tuff, further comprises borax and powdered talc in the following ratio, wt.%: crushed glass sheet 75,0-77,0; ground tuff 8,0-10,0; borax 10,0-13,0; ground talc 3,0-4,0.

The table shows the compositions of ornamental material.

ComponentsComposition, wt.%:
Shredded sheet glass77,075,0
Ground tuff10,08,0
Ground talc3,04,0
Frost resistance, cyclesat least 25at least 25

The components are metered in the desired quantities. Sheet glass (glass), pre-crushed to a powder, mixed with brown and grind to a powder tuff and talc. The resulting mass is placed in a detachable metal forms, compacted and is sintered at a temperature of 800-870°C.

The source of information

1. EN 2430047, 2011.

Decorative facing material including crushed glass and crushed tuff, characterized in that it further contains borax and powdered talc in the following ratio, wt.%: crushed glass sheet 75,0-77,0; ground tuff 8,0-10,0; borax 10,0-13,0; ground talc 3,0-4,0.


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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: raw material mixture for obtaining artificial rock contains, wt %: Portland cement 26-30; quartz sand 47.3-55.85; water 16-20; fibrous metalloceramics 2.0-2.5; technical lignosulfonate LST 0.15-0.2.

EFFECT: increased strength.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: charge for obtaining a decorative-facing material includes, wt %: milled glass 50.0-55.0; milled tuff 20.0-25.0; liquid glass 10.0-15.0; clay 10.0-15.0.

EFFECT: increased frost resistance of the materials.

1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: extension of arsenal of preparations, used to increase concrete water resistance.

5 cl, 3 tbl

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: higher convenience of plaster application onto surface of items.

FIELD: construction.

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2 tbl

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2 tbl

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10 cl, 9 dwg, 9 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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3 cl, 16 dwg, 10 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: decorative facing material contains, wt %: crushed sheet glass 75.0-77.0; ground tuff 18.0-19.0; liquid potassium glass 5.0-6.0.

EFFECT: high frost resistance of the decorative facing material.

1 tbl

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EFFECT: block of improved strength, freeze-resistance, water impermeability, and crack resistance.

1 tbl

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21 ex,2 tbl

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EFFECT: facilitated on-line process control.

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EFFECT: increased mobility of mix and increased strength in early natural curing time.

2 tbl

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EFFECT: enhanced strength, freeze resistance, water resistance and crack resistance of blocks.

1 tbl

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SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a building material mixture. The building material mixture comprises material chosen from the group consisting of gypsum, calcium hydroxide, cement and their mixtures, and also - polysaccharide or derivative of polysaccharide with particles size less 15 mcm taken in the amount 2 weight % maximally, particles size less 10 mcm taken in the amount 2 weight % maximally, and particles size less 5 mcm taken in the amount 1 weight % maximally, and if necessary the mixture comprises quartz sand or lime sand, water repellant, synthetic dispersion powder, cellulose fibers and/or synthetic fibers, pore-forming additive and light filling agents in the following ratio of components, weight %: material from the group containing gypsum, calcium hydroxide, cement or their mixtures, 1-99.99; polysaccharide or derivative of polysaccharide, 0.001-5; quartz sand or lime sand, up to 90; synthetic dispersion powder, up to 10; light filling agents, up to 10; water repellant, up to 1; pore-forming additive, up to 0.1; cellulose fibers and/or synthetic fibers, up to 15 wherein the content of components that the mixture comprises when needed doesn't mean 0 simultaneously, and polysaccharide or derivative of polysaccharide is prepared by the known technology. Invention provides improvement of physical-chemical properties of building mixture.

EFFECT: improved properties of building material mixture.

6 cl, 11 tbl

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EFFECT: the invention ensures expansion of the assortment of the building bricks, simultaneously heightened strength and the frost resistance of the bricks, improvement of decorative effect of the bricks front-face surface imitating the surface texture of the natural building stone.

25 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Dry building mix // 2278082

FIELD: manufacture of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of dry building mixes and directly concerns use of inorganic materials as aggregates of differing shape and granule size. In a dry building mix including crushed expanded-clay concrete (30-95%) and inorganic aggregate (5-70%), the latter is naturally occurring or synthetic wollastonite crushed to achieve needle-shaped grains.

EFFECT: enabled manufacture of building parts and coatings more suitable for exploitation under complicated conditions, in particular owing to elevated bend strength.

FIELD: industry of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions based on mineral binding agents. The composition for producing building materials based on the cement binding agent, water and carbon nanostructures comprises metal-containing carbon nanostructures consisting of a mixture of polyvinyl alcohol with copper (I) or copper (II) chloride chosen in the mole ratio = (1-20):1 that are heated up to temperature 300°C in taken in the following ratio of components in the composition, wt.-%: cement binding agent, 15-75; indicated metal-containing carbon nanostructures, 0.01-2.5, and water, the balance. The composition can comprise additionally from 2 to 10 wt.-% of organic binding agent or technological additives chosen in the ratio = (1-6):1 mas. p. p. to the cement binding agent content. Invention provides enhancing physical-mechanical indices, in particular, the compression strength value and reducing energy consumption and the material prepared cost. Invention can be used in industry of building materials in making block and monolith concrete, polymer-cement mortars, foam concrete, slate, stucco and finishing covers also.

EFFECT: improved and valuable technical properties of composition.

3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg, 6 ex

FIELD: construction engineering; manufacture of precast concrete and reinforced concrete products including underground products; monolithic house-building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex additive contains cement, powder-like superplasticizer C-3, alumino-silicate component in form of zeolite and micro-silica at the following ratio of components, mass-%: cement, 80-85; superplasticizer C-3, 2.0-3.5; micro-silica, 10-12; the remainder being zeolite. Method proposed for production of concrete mix includes grinding of components to specific surface of 4500-5000 cm2/g in disintegrator-type aerodynamic activator at rotational speed of 3000-6000 rmp; prior to grinding, components of concrete mix are loaded in cyclic-action mixer and are being mixed for 10-15 min. Production line proposed for realization of this method includes bins for storage and delivery of components which are interconnected with mixers for dry mixes by material lines via proportioners; said mixer is connected with aerodynamic activator by means of product lines. Specification gives versions of aerodynamic activator.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of cement at retained strength characteristics of cement due to enhanced activation of additive.

6 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 4 ex