Sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: in the sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines the housing is made L-shaped and is mounted at the rear part of the sprinkler machine. A screw guide of the flow of the left-hand orientation is placed on the body of revolution formed by the rotation of a parabola Z2=2px about an axis Z, where p is the parameter of the parabola, x is the current coordinate of the parabola. The base of the body of revolution is connected to the bottom fixed to the housing by a threaded ring. The housing is connected to the curved blades made on the spiral of Archimedes and directed counter clockwise. Between the blades in the bottom openings are provided, located on the circumferences of different diameters. The body of revolution is fixed to the bottom by a bolt. The housing on a water-supply pipeline is secured with a threaded connection. The distance between the bottom and the outlet edge of the housing is adjustable.

EFFECT: providing the possibility to prevent clogging of the sprinkler-activator, increasing its operational reliability, formation of droplets allowed for irrigating the wide range of crops, and increasing in yield.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of water reclamation and can be used on mobile irrigation machines to get rain droplet sizes that are acceptable for irrigation of a wide range of cultivated crops.

Known sprinkler deflector nozzle, containing mounted on the rack housing that connects the rack support with mounted on the baffle and placed in the enclosure with the possibility of turning the liquid flow regulator, in which, to improve the reliability of the nozzle, the quality of the spray and the expansion of technological capabilities, the liquid flow regulator is made in the form of a cylindrical liner with diametrically spaced channels of different diameters, and the baffle has a Central channel and is equipped posted in the past with the possibility of axial movement of the core (SU inventor's certificate No. 923635, M CL3B05B 1/18, 1/26, 1/30).

When sprinkler irrigation dual console sprinkler units family DDA-VH (JSC "Volgograd plant irrigation equipment") fence irrigation water is floating valve from an open sprinkler. Together with water are sucked into the channel as sediment and mineral suspension. If the work described nozzles, primarily driven radial channels of small diameter. Each the nozzle also requires careful individual settings when the supply of irrigation water under the working pressure. For cleaning of radial channels requires complete disassembly of the nozzle. All this technology reduces the reliability of the sprinkler.

Known nozzles of the sprinkler unit containing a mounted through the nipple of power pipeline casing mounted on the front baffle and nozzle with a Central hole, while the deflector is made in the form facing the nozzle concave bowl with a bulge in its middle part and aligned with the axis of symmetry of the screw hole, separated by ribs into compartments and depressed curved surface of the bowl between its peripheral annular edge and the curved surface, each of the compartments at the height of the deflector has a variable cross-section, while equipped with infinitely moving the baffle and the nozzle is connected by means of the rack (RU, patent No. 2173584 C1, M CL7B05B 1/18, 1/26).

The disadvantages described the sprinkler nozzle Assembly includes design complexity, low reliability, lack of possibility of getting very fine sprinkling.

Known sprinkler nozzle, comprising a housing mounted on the power of the pipeline attached to the output portion of the deflector is made in the form of facing the power of the pipeline concave bowl, with the bottom of the concave bowl with dinino with lid curved blades, while the lid has a threaded flange for connection with the housing, within the housing screw sender thread rod whose lower portion is mated with the concave bottom of the bowl radius equal to the inner diameter of the casing, and the screw sender thread pinned to the bottom of the concave bowl with bolt connection (RU, patent No. 2327530 C1 IPC B05B 1/18).

The disadvantages of this sprinkler nozzle are low quality drop, possible clogging of the gap between the cover and the edge of the concave bowl.

This sprinkler nozzles adopted us as the nearest equivalent.

The essence of the claimed invention is as follows.

The problem to which the invention is directed, - improving the reliability, quality drop and simplify the design.

The technical result - the formation of drops, valid for irrigation of a wide range of crops, increasing yields.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in a sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines, comprising a housing mounted on the power line with fixed on its output side a deflector plate having a curved blade and placed inside the screw napravite the m stream, according to the invention the casing is made l-shaped and is installed in rear of the pivot, screw the sender thread left-hand orientation are placed on a body of revolution formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola, x is the current coordinate of the parabola, the base body rotation is associated with a bottom fixed to the housing by means of a threaded ring connected with curved blades, made by the spiral of Archimedes and directed counterclockwise, between the blades in the bottom has holes that are located on circles of different diameters, the body of rotation is fixed to the bottom by means of a bolt, housing to power the pipeline is attached by a threaded connection, the distance between the bottom and the outlet edge of the Cabinet adjustable.

Conducted by the Applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the applicant is not detected similar, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the criterion of "Novelty" in the existing legislation. The invention is illustrated is Aragami.

In Fig.1 presents the sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines with local incision along the axis.

In Fig.2 - the same, top view.

Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed technical solution are as follows.

The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines includes an l-shaped housing 1, the horizontal portion of which has a mounting thread 2 for connection with a supply line. In the vertical part of the housing 1 is placed the body 3 of rotation formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola (R>0), x is the current coordinate of the parabola. On the body 3 of rotation placed screw the leader of the 4 threads left-hand orientation. On the vertical part of the housing 1 by means of the threaded ring 5 has a guiding apparatus 6 with blades 7, made by the spiral of Archimedes and having a left orientation. In the bottom 8 of the guide vane 6 between the blades 7 are provided holes 9 located on circles of different diameters. Body rotation is fixed to the bottom 8 of the guiding apparatus 6 by means of a bolt 10. The distance between the bottom 8 and the output edge of the Cabinet 1 adjustable by means of the threaded ring 5.

The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines operates as follows.

On modevalidation the sprinkler-activator is mounted on a horizontal inlet pipe area for installation of supporting wheels or trucks, to sprinkling machine (moved) relied on dry soil. When water in the body 1, the flow of water interacts with screw sender 4 stream and acquires a rotational movement of the left-hand direction, which changes the structure of water, increasing its redox potential and pH the pH and biological activity, leading to faster growth of the plants. Furthermore, the body 3 rotation compresses the flow of the equations of flow Q=ωV, where ω is a flow cross section, V is the flow velocity with decreasing living section ω increases the flow velocity. At the gathering with the body 3 of rotation of the flow will have a maximum speed V with which he will be thrown out by the blades 7 of the guide vane 6.

When interacting with the blades 7, the thread gets additional rotational movement counterclockwise, which provides an additional increase of biological activity of irrigation water.

Moving in megapastor space formed by the blades 7, the flow causes the formation of vacuum in the holes 9 and accordingly the suction air, which is captured by the thread. In the interaction of the flow with outside air in the upper part of the blades 7 and the air coming out of the holes 9, there is formed a water-air mixture is provided to the quality spraying irrigation water, which produces a uniform moistening of the soil and plants biologically activated water. Biologically active irrigation water provides a significant increase in agricultural yields. The ability to adjust the distance between the bottom 8 and the output edge of the housing 1 prevents clogging of the sprinkler-activator and increases reliability and simplifies its design.

The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines, comprising a housing mounted on the power line with fixed on its output side a deflector plate having curved blades, and placed inside screw sender thread, characterized in that the casing is made l-shaped and is installed in rear of the pivot, screw the sender thread left-hand orientation are placed on a body of revolution formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola (R>0), x is the current coordinate of the parabola, the base body of rotation associated with the bottom, fixed to the housing by means of a threaded ring connected with curved blades, made by the spiral of Archimedes and directed counterclockwise, between the blades in the bottom has holes that are located on circles of different d is ametra, body rotation is fixed to the bottom by means of a bolt, housing to power the pipeline is attached by a threaded connection, the distance between the bottom and the output edge of the adjustable housing.



 

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EFFECT: improving the quality of planting material of fruit and forest plants.

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EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.

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EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.

2 dwg

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