Sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines
SUBSTANCE: in the sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines the housing is made L-shaped and is mounted at the rear part of the sprinkler machine. A screw guide of the flow of the left-hand orientation is placed on the body of revolution formed by the rotation of a parabola Z2=2px about an axis Z, where p is the parameter of the parabola, x is the current coordinate of the parabola. The base of the body of revolution is connected to the bottom fixed to the housing by a threaded ring. The housing is connected to the curved blades made on the spiral of Archimedes and directed counter clockwise. Between the blades in the bottom openings are provided, located on the circumferences of different diameters. The body of revolution is fixed to the bottom by a bolt. The housing on a water-supply pipeline is secured with a threaded connection. The distance between the bottom and the outlet edge of the housing is adjustable.
EFFECT: providing the possibility to prevent clogging of the sprinkler-activator, increasing its operational reliability, formation of droplets allowed for irrigating the wide range of crops, and increasing in yield.
The invention relates to the field of water reclamation and can be used on mobile irrigation machines to get rain droplet sizes that are acceptable for irrigation of a wide range of cultivated crops.
Known sprinkler deflector nozzle, containing mounted on the rack housing that connects the rack support with mounted on the baffle and placed in the enclosure with the possibility of turning the liquid flow regulator, in which, to improve the reliability of the nozzle, the quality of the spray and the expansion of technological capabilities, the liquid flow regulator is made in the form of a cylindrical liner with diametrically spaced channels of different diameters, and the baffle has a Central channel and is equipped posted in the past with the possibility of axial movement of the core (SU inventor's certificate No. 923635, M CL3B05B 1/18, 1/26, 1/30).
When sprinkler irrigation dual console sprinkler units family DDA-VH (JSC "Volgograd plant irrigation equipment") fence irrigation water is floating valve from an open sprinkler. Together with water are sucked into the channel as sediment and mineral suspension. If the work described nozzles, primarily driven radial channels of small diameter. Each the nozzle also requires careful individual settings when the supply of irrigation water under the working pressure. For cleaning of radial channels requires complete disassembly of the nozzle. All this technology reduces the reliability of the sprinkler.
Known nozzles of the sprinkler unit containing a mounted through the nipple of power pipeline casing mounted on the front baffle and nozzle with a Central hole, while the deflector is made in the form facing the nozzle concave bowl with a bulge in its middle part and aligned with the axis of symmetry of the screw hole, separated by ribs into compartments and depressed curved surface of the bowl between its peripheral annular edge and the curved surface, each of the compartments at the height of the deflector has a variable cross-section, while equipped with infinitely moving the baffle and the nozzle is connected by means of the rack (RU, patent No. 2173584 C1, M CL7B05B 1/18, 1/26).
The disadvantages described the sprinkler nozzle Assembly includes design complexity, low reliability, lack of possibility of getting very fine sprinkling.
Known sprinkler nozzle, comprising a housing mounted on the power of the pipeline attached to the output portion of the deflector is made in the form of facing the power of the pipeline concave bowl, with the bottom of the concave bowl with dinino with lid curved blades, while the lid has a threaded flange for connection with the housing, within the housing screw sender thread rod whose lower portion is mated with the concave bottom of the bowl radius equal to the inner diameter of the casing, and the screw sender thread pinned to the bottom of the concave bowl with bolt connection (RU, patent No. 2327530 C1 IPC B05B 1/18).
The disadvantages of this sprinkler nozzle are low quality drop, possible clogging of the gap between the cover and the edge of the concave bowl.
This sprinkler nozzles adopted us as the nearest equivalent.
The essence of the claimed invention is as follows.
The problem to which the invention is directed, - improving the reliability, quality drop and simplify the design.
The technical result - the formation of drops, valid for irrigation of a wide range of crops, increasing yields.
This technical result is achieved by the fact that in a sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines, comprising a housing mounted on the power line with fixed on its output side a deflector plate having a curved blade and placed inside the screw napravite the m stream, according to the invention the casing is made l-shaped and is installed in rear of the pivot, screw the sender thread left-hand orientation are placed on a body of revolution formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola, x is the current coordinate of the parabola, the base body rotation is associated with a bottom fixed to the housing by means of a threaded ring connected with curved blades, made by the spiral of Archimedes and directed counterclockwise, between the blades in the bottom has holes that are located on circles of different diameters, the body of rotation is fixed to the bottom by means of a bolt, housing to power the pipeline is attached by a threaded connection, the distance between the bottom and the outlet edge of the Cabinet adjustable.
Conducted by the Applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the applicant is not detected similar, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention.
Therefore, the claimed invention meets the criterion of "Novelty" in the existing legislation. The invention is illustrated is Aragami.
In Fig.1 presents the sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines with local incision along the axis.
In Fig.2 - the same, top view.
Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed technical solution are as follows.
The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines includes an l-shaped housing 1, the horizontal portion of which has a mounting thread 2 for connection with a supply line. In the vertical part of the housing 1 is placed the body 3 of rotation formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola (R>0), x is the current coordinate of the parabola. On the body 3 of rotation placed screw the leader of the 4 threads left-hand orientation. On the vertical part of the housing 1 by means of the threaded ring 5 has a guiding apparatus 6 with blades 7, made by the spiral of Archimedes and having a left orientation. In the bottom 8 of the guide vane 6 between the blades 7 are provided holes 9 located on circles of different diameters. Body rotation is fixed to the bottom 8 of the guiding apparatus 6 by means of a bolt 10. The distance between the bottom 8 and the output edge of the Cabinet 1 adjustable by means of the threaded ring 5.
The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines operates as follows.
On modevalidation the sprinkler-activator is mounted on a horizontal inlet pipe area for installation of supporting wheels or trucks, to sprinkling machine (moved) relied on dry soil. When water in the body 1, the flow of water interacts with screw sender 4 stream and acquires a rotational movement of the left-hand direction, which changes the structure of water, increasing its redox potential and pH the pH and biological activity, leading to faster growth of the plants. Furthermore, the body 3 rotation compresses the flow of the equations of flow Q=ωV, where ω is a flow cross section, V is the flow velocity with decreasing living section ω increases the flow velocity. At the gathering with the body 3 of rotation of the flow will have a maximum speed V with which he will be thrown out by the blades 7 of the guide vane 6.
When interacting with the blades 7, the thread gets additional rotational movement counterclockwise, which provides an additional increase of biological activity of irrigation water.
Moving in megapastor space formed by the blades 7, the flow causes the formation of vacuum in the holes 9 and accordingly the suction air, which is captured by the thread. In the interaction of the flow with outside air in the upper part of the blades 7 and the air coming out of the holes 9, there is formed a water-air mixture is provided to the quality spraying irrigation water, which produces a uniform moistening of the soil and plants biologically activated water. Biologically active irrigation water provides a significant increase in agricultural yields. The ability to adjust the distance between the bottom 8 and the output edge of the housing 1 prevents clogging of the sprinkler-activator and increases reliability and simplifies its design.
The sprinkler-activator for mobile sprinkler machines, comprising a housing mounted on the power line with fixed on its output side a deflector plate having curved blades, and placed inside screw sender thread, characterized in that the casing is made l-shaped and is installed in rear of the pivot, screw the sender thread left-hand orientation are placed on a body of revolution formed by rotating the parabola Z2=R about the Z-axis, where p is the parameter of the parabola (R>0), x is the current coordinate of the parabola, the base body of rotation associated with the bottom, fixed to the housing by means of a threaded ring connected with curved blades, made by the spiral of Archimedes and directed counterclockwise, between the blades in the bottom has holes that are located on circles of different d is ametra, body rotation is fixed to the bottom by means of a bolt, housing to power the pipeline is attached by a threaded connection, the distance between the bottom and the output edge of the adjustable housing.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: centrifugal swirler consists of case with swirling chamber and of nozzle. The nozzle case is made as a supply connecting pipe with the hole for liquid supply from the main, and a coaxial cylinder male sleeve rigidly jointed to the connecting pipe. The nozzle is connected to the case in its bottom part and coaxially to it by means of a female sleeve. The nozzle is made as a centrifugal swirler of liquid flow with at least three tangential inputs in form of cylinder holes. The sleeve is part of the nozzle and is coaxially and axially installed in relation to the centrifugal vortex, the cone hole is made in the end surface of the centrifugal vortex, the hole is coaxial with blind cylindrical insert of the vortex installed in the casing cylindrical chamber creating the ring cylindrical chamber for the liquid supply to the tangential inputs of the centrifugal vortex. The tangential inputs are in form of the channels installed tangentially to the internal surface of the blind cylindrical insert, and in the centrifugal vortex the intensifier of liquid flow torsion is installed, it is in form of the stock, one its end is secured on the blind round surface of the cylindrical insert using the screw, at the opposite end the second vortex is installed, it is made in form of the male bushing with coarse pitch trapezoidal thread, and secured by the internal thread on stock with cone fairing, coaxially with the nozzle body to its bottom end the confusor is rigidly installed, it has on the internal surface the coarse pitch trapezoidal thread, and direction opposite to the direction of the intensifier of liquid flow torsion, and perforated sprayer in form of the diffuser is coaxially connected to the confusor.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying by means of increases spray cone.
SUBSTANCE: in sprinkler nozzle activator for mobile sprinkling machines the L-shaped housing is mounted in the rear part of the sprinkling machine. The helical flow guide is made of auger-type of left-side orientation and is placed on the body of rotation formed by rotating of equilateral hyperbola
EFFECT: generating rain with drop sizes, suitable for irrigation of a wide range of cultivated crops.
FIELD: transport, distribution.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to liquid distribution, in particular in the form of drops in pharmaceutical, for instance ophthalmic liquid. Liquid distributing device includes reservoir (12) for liquid which reservoir is deformed for liquid distributing by its pressing, liquid distributing tip (10) installed on reservoir (12), channel for liquid passage (24, 50), channel for air passage (26) from outside into the reservoir (12), herewith the channel for air passage (26) is blocked by element (28) made of air permeable polymeric material, which is not porous, and the element (28) is called air permeable element (28).
EFFECT: as per invention, the device reliably ensures sterility of distributing tip.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a shower head and may be used in overhead showers and manual showers for generation of jets of varied shapes and types. Envisaged in the shower head for control of the valve element (8) is a control device (9) that has a disc with at least of control element (92, 93, 94, 95) that excises impact onto the valve element (8) and is positioned perpendicular to the disc plane. The disc is designed so that to enable rotation round an axis (11) positioned perpendicular to the body base or parallel to the valve element axis. The control element (92, 93, 94, 95) initiates movement of the valve element (8) by the valve stroke distance.
EFFECT: ensuring the provability to provide for a water-saving mode and a great number of versions with regard to control and combination of the corresponding valve elements to provide for a greater number of effects.
10 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in multibarreled irrigation nozzle-activator the housing is made L-shaped. Water-outlet openings are hydraulically connected to water-conducting tubes. The tubes are made along the left-hand spiral of Archimedes and connected in the lower part with the horizontal irrigation barrels. In the inner cavity of the irrigation barrels there are screw guides of flows with winding of turns counterclockwise. The water-conducting tubes are secured to the housing with the enveloping ring through the stretchers. The irrigation barrels are fixed to the enveloping ring with clamps. The screw guides of flows are made replaceable, and their parameters depend on the quality requirements of irrigation for a particular irrigated culture.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of irrigation water use and significant increase in biological activity of irrigation water and productivity.
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: overcap with an actuator to form a plurality of shapes of the jet comprises a cap having a sleeve with a lower surface forming a funnel, and the upper surface forming a chamber connecting in fluid communication with the funnel. The first and second cylindrical elements extend between the sleeve and the side wall of the cap to form the first and second flow channels. The starting device is connected with the ability of rotation to the cap and comprises a seal bearing. The switch is connected to the starting device, and comprises a base plate engaged by the user and the seal. The seal is made with the ability of tight mounting inside the chamber of the sleeve and forms a central opening in fluid communication with the chamber of the sleeve, and a first groove extending radially outwardly from the central opening and in fluid communication with the central opening. The starting device and the switch can be rotated relative to the cap for placement of the first groove in fluid communication with one of the first and second flow channels.
EFFECT: proposed cap prevents spontaneous leakage of the content from the container from the nozzle after removing the overcap.
15 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for conducting hydrotherapeutic procedures in a hydromassage cabin involves cleaning it from mechanical admixtures and/or magnetic treatment in the process and/or after hydromassaging. A hydromassage apparatus is configured as a cabin connected to a vertical barrier or a rack arranged inside and equipped with controllers for random and/or maximum zone of dynamic jet blasting, and a mechanism of at least reciprocation in a vertical plane of arm-mounted water injection nozzles. A tray represents n compartments with the respective processing fluid. Each of the compartments is connected through respective actuators through a drain actuator to a cabin outlet, and a pump inlet, as well as to an output of at least a water disinfector. An input of the disinfector is connected through the respective actuator to a pump outlet.
EFFECT: technical enhancement, higher effectiveness and quality of the hydromassaging procedures.
8 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the fluid medium valve and can be used in vanishing units, for example, for paint change, for pumping of residual paint, washing agent, foam, paint, air and/or compressed air from the paint pipeline, injection zone etc. to the return pipeline and/or stopping the paint free flowing downstream before running-off into the return pipeline. In the fluid medium valve the process of switchover of the fluid medium valve (8) is feedback controlled by the density of the matter at the inlet of the fluid medium. In the vanishing unit, in particular, for application of varnish on the structural members of the car body the back check valve (8) is a fluid medium valve according to any of items 1-26, and the main needle valve is a fluid medium valve according to any of items 1-26. The fluid medium valve (8) is used according to any of items 1-26 as a back check valve (8) in the vanishing unit for return of residual paint, washing agent, foam, paint, air and/or compressed air from the paint pipeline (5) for paint change. The valve (8) is also used as a main needle valve in the atomiser.
EFFECT: possibility of control of the back check valve for paint change with achievable smaller costs and higher accuracy.
28 cl, 28 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thermal deaeration of liquid and can be used for removal of non-condensing gases, mainly oxygen and free carbonic acid from feed water of a steam-turbine plant. A deaerator for feed water of the turbine plant includes storage tank 1 with non-condensing gas exhaust branch pipe, column 2 in the form of a water-jet ejector, a water supply device made in the form of centrifugal atomisers 3 fixed on pipelines 4, and steam supply header 5. Cone-shaped mist eliminator 7 is installed in storage tank 1 at the outlet of column 2. Each of centrifugal atomisers 3 includes a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. The atomiser body includes a coaxial bushing rigidly attached to it with a nozzle fixed in its lower part.
EFFECT: invention allows reducing hydraulic resistance and increasing liquid atomisation degree.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid sprayers and may be used in machine building, chemical and food industries. Swirl atomiser comprises case with screw aligned in the case bottom section. Case top part union has cylindrical fluid feed hole. The latter communicates with diffuser axially symmetric with case and union. Screw is inserted into case to make cylindrical chamber above said screw and aligned with diffuser and communicated therewith. Solid screw outer surface is composed of two connected surfaces. One of said surfaces represents, at least, single-thread helical groove with LH or RH thread located inside said casing. Second surface is smooth and composed of the body of revolution connected in axial symmetry with sprayer disc arranged perpendicular to housing axis. Besides, it extends beyond the housing bottom. Both straight line and n-order curve may make a generating line of said surface. Sprayer disc surface extending beyond housing bottom end surface is bent towards housing bottom. It has radial cut-outs ate peripheral part to alternate with solid surface of sprayer disc.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying.
SUBSTANCE: drainage-humidification system comprises a supply 1 and a discharge 2 closed irrigation pipelines interconnected with water distribution executive unit. The water distribution executive unit consists of a vertical pipe 3 mounted on the supply pipeline 1 and the working chamber 4 of pressure with separation from it by the membrane 5 with the rod 6. The water distribution executive unit, the valve gear 19, the container 24 with the float 23, and the rotary valve 44 with the control pipeline are located in series. The cavity 11 of the chamber 4 is connected via the hydraulic pipeline 64 provided with a valve 65, with the switch 27, the shank of which is fixed pivotally with one end of the lever 50 to the rod 22. Movement of the upper lever 50 is limited by the upper stop 58, and the lower lever 51 - by the lower stop 59 above and below the threshold level in the storage container 24. The valve gear 19 is made in the form of a cylinder and has a double piston 20 which is pivotally coupled to the rod 22 of the float actuator. The valve gear 19 is connected to the supply irrigation pipeline 1 through the control pipeline 34 to the valve 35 and is respectively connected to the manifold 42 with drains-humidifiers 43. The storage container 24 with a siphon 28 communicates through the rotary valve 44 to the control pipelines 31, 34, respectively, with valves 32, 35 and with the supply pipeline 1.
EFFECT: system enables to create closed automated systems in land reclamation, to save water resources, to obtain the necessary productivity of agricultural products with the effective use of land.
6 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of capillary irrigation from the covered ground on the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped suports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, in the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel a coaxial hole is made, and inside it a coaxial restrictive branch pipe for limitation of irrigation water level inside of the bowl-shaped vessel is provisioned, the lower part of the vertical branch pipe of a waterpipe is tightly connected to the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water into its coaxial hole. The pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.
EFFECT: ensuring of independent removal of irrigation water from the pipeline.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of irrigation water supply for capillary irrigation from the covered ground to the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped supports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, the pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.
EFFECT: avoidance of necessity in pumping of irrigation water from the pipeline.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of ecology, environment protection and rational nature management and can be used for purification of river water, climate regulation in drought and also contributes to creation of a reserve of fresh water for the economic and social needs of the population. The essence of the technical solution is that the water reservoirs with the depth of 2.5-3 m, the width of 120-150 m, the length of 250-280 m, the surface area of water of 3-3.5 ha are formed in interstream areas on the river banks at a distance of 150-200 m from the mainstream. The water reservoirs are connected to the river bed by input and take-out channels. At the bottom of the water reservoirs the zeolite-containing clay - irlites are placed with the layer of 10-15 cm.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce the level of pollution of river waters, to create optimal climatic conditions for human living, flora and fauna, the sustainable development of coastal ecosystems and the whole lowland interfluvial landscapes, while simultaneously providing reserve of ecologically clean fresh water for domestic, household and other needs of the population.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a housing, a porous measuring plate which pores are filled with water, a flexible screen with sensors which are electrically connected to the display device. The novelty is that the lateral inner surface of the housing is provided with microcells hydraulically interconnected and filled with polyacrylamide.
EFFECT: possibility of measuring the dynamic action on the soil of rain with the addition of polyacrylamide, due to the presence of microcells filled with polyacrylamide.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises application of macrofertilisers, plowing with soil overturning, early spring harrowing, preplant cultivation, equiplanation, sowing seedlings in soil layer, vegetation irrigation, inter-row treatments, additional fertilising, protection of plants and fruits from agricultural pests and diseases, and harvesting. Sweet pepper is grown on flood embedded sandy loam soils. The macrofertilisers N120P80K120 are applied once before plowing. Sowing seedlings in soil layer with temperature of 15-18°C is carried out, with the planting density of 71 thousand units per hectare, the arrangement diagram of 90+30×25 cm. The macrofertilisers N120P80K120 are applied in fractional manner with the irrigation water: in the stage of the third and fourth true leaf 18-22% N, 10-14% P, 14-18% K, in the budding stage 30-38% N, 28-38% P, 30-32% K, in the flowering stage 12-20% N, 16-22% P, 36-48% K, in the fruiting stage 20-40% N, 26-46% P, 6-16% K, while maintaining in the soil layer of 0-0.8 m of 80% moisture content of field moisture capacity during the whole growing period. In total 16 irrigations are carried out with the total flow rate of 260 m3/ha, while the nitrate content in biologically ripe fruit up is no greater than 16 mg/kg.
EFFECT: obtaining of yield of sweet pepper with low nitrate content on flood embedded sandy loam soils using the drip irrigation system.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: weed plants are preliminarily mowed in discharge canal to water level and is left to dry. After drying reed and rush plants are selected. Selected plants are used as sorbent. Filtering cassette net of cassette-holding device is filled with sorbent. Sorbent-containing device is fixed in discharge canal bed in monolithic manner and drainage outflow is passed through it. Plant mowing and replacement of filtering cassette are carried out when rice plant passes from one vegetation stage into another.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve reclamation state of soil and ecological situation on rice fields due to reduction of suffusion and removal of nutrients from soil.
2 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for irrigation driven by solar energy. The device comprises an air chamber and a water storage unit connecting by means of the pipeline, which is connected integrally to the sinker. In the source of water supply there is a water storage unit, a steep section of suction pipeline and U-shaped troughs of a number of drainage pipelines. The outlet end of the suction pipeline and the inlet ends of the drainage pipelines are put in the water storage unit, with the installation of inlets of drainage pipelines below the outlet of the suction pipeline.
EFFECT: technical result is in the root irrigation of plants grown on small land plots, located on an artificial floating means (floating island) or in containers that are installed on one or several levels above the surface of the pond, at that in the proposed device the friction parts are absent, it does not subject to clogging associated with deposits of salts and bacterial slime when taking water from the pond, it has simple design and is easy to operate.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: drip irrigation system for fruit and berry and forest nurseries comprises a hydraulically connected water source (1), a pumping station (6), a filter, a pressure gauge (15), a shut-off valve, the main pipeline, a network of distribution (17) and irrigation pipelines (18), and droppers. The water source (1) of the pumping station (6) is provided with a diversion chamber-collector (5) equipped with a trash screen (3) and a fish protection structure (4). Pumps of the pumping station (6) are connected to a water-driven tower-collector (7) hydraulically connected to the module of water electroactivation, including a DC generator (8) or rectifier in all-mains operation and flowing electric activator (10), behind which through the connecting pipes the fertiliser injector (12) is mounted, and the distribution network (17) is connected by the irrigation pipelines (18), equipped with injectors-metering units-droppers (19). The flowing water electric activator (10) comprises a supply pipe (21) made of dielectric material which is resistant to galvanic corrosion, in the threaded part of the supply pipe (21) the slip ring (26) is mounted with the output for connection of the electric potential. The slip ring (26) is isolated from the outer electrode (22) of the electric activator (10) with the dielectric spacer (27), the outer cylindrical electrode (22) is formed of a stainless steel resistant to galvanic corrosion. Inside the outer electrode (22) the inner electrode (23) is mounted with the ability of mounting and dismounting, consisting of a central rod (31) with lobes fixed to it. The inner electrode (23) is separated from the outer electrode (22) by semipermeable shell (24) of microporous plastic, on the front side of the inner electrode (23) a guide device (25) is arranged having the blades of a left-hand direction, the inlet and outlet part of the central rod (31) are made conical, all parts of the inner electrode (23) are made of stainless steel resistant to galvanic corrosion. Supply of the electric potential to the outer electrode (22) is made through the terminal (29) disposed on the electrode housing, and to the inner (23) through the contact washer (26) having an input terminal (28). The injector-metering unit-dropper (19) mounted in the pan of trees, comprises mounting tip, inside of which a shim is fixed, designed for a given flow rate, the inner cavity of the injector-metering unit-dropper (19) has a water outlet openings on the horizontals of soaking, the outer edges of the water outlet openings are closed by dished deflectors.
EFFECT: improving the quality of planting material of fruit and forest plants.
1 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for automatic watering of plants. The device for automatic watering comprises an air chamber (1) and the water storage unit (2) with the inlet end of the drain pipe (5) inserted in it and the outlet end of the suction pipe (4), a drain end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of free surface of the water source (12), the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water source. The air chamber and the water storage unit are spaced, the air chamber is connected with the upper part of the water storage unit through the pipe, in the water storage unit the opening (6) of the inlet end of the drain pipe is located below the opening (7) of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer part of the suction pipe is provided with water-air lock, which is a steep section (8), the outer part of the drain pipe is provided with a water-air lock which is a U-shaped bending (9). The air chamber can be made in the form of a decorative element; it can also comprise a thin-walled shell. The lower part of the steep section of the suction pipe can be located below the lower part of the U-shaped bending of the drain pipe.
EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: forestry, particularly for fighting fires in high-capacity and medium-capacity peat beds.
SUBSTANCE: drainage system includes a number of water drainage channels with control-and-shutoff valves, manifold with drain lines connected thereto and intercepting channel located above drained peat bed and communicated with water inlet. Intercepting channel is provided with control-and-shutoff means to accumulate surface water flow and to create water reserve. Intercepting channel is connected with manifold head part by means of pipeline having valve gate. Manifold is provided with movable partition. Intercepting channel has antifiltering shield.
EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.