Operating resource meter for light sources
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electrical measuring equipment intended to measure the operating time of lamps in light lines. The device consists of a microprocessor, a network modem, a sensor sensing supply voltage transition above zero, which input is connected to the microprocessor input, control inputs and outputs of the network modem, which are connected to the respective inputs and outputs of the microprocessor; a value of the operating resources meter for a light source is stored in the microprocessor memory, the sensor sensing supply voltage transition above zero is used as a time setter generating at its output pulses with a period proportional to a frequency of the supply voltage so that the value of the operating resources meter could be decreased and a message could be sent about the resource ending.
EFFECT: delivery of a signal warning about the resource ending.
2 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to electrical engineering, in particular to a device for automatic measurements of the total operating time of the lamps in the lines of street lighting of cities, urban and rural settlements, sites, highways, railroads, and business areas.
The invention can be used to create effective management systems exterior lighting, with opportunities to reduce operating costs by automatically working lamp and send alerts to its replacement in the Central control room.
The rapid detection of defective light sources distributed across the supply line, is relevant. Promptly received a warning about the end of the working resource lamps will allow maintenance services in advance to plan the acquisition of the required number of bulbs and their replacement. Due to the large number of lamps installed at different times, as well as the differences of their service life depending on the manufacturers to take into account the resource of each lamp is very difficult.
The purpose of this invention is to provide an automatic sheet resource of light sources, with the possibility of transmission of warnings about the end in the Central control room for dalneishih the planning for the replacement of light sources.
A device for controlling the time of operation EN 2182362 C2, published 10.05.2002, IPC G07C 3/02 containing the pulse generator, schema matching, indicator, characterized in that it additionally introduced the unit of time, a divider, a counter, a pulse shaper, case-sensitive, so the unit of time is connected to the input of the divider, the output of which is connected to the first input schema matching, and the output of the pulse generator is connected to the counter input, the output of which is connected to a second input of the circuit matches the output of which is connected to the input of the pulse shaper, the output of which is connected to the reset input of the counter and the input of the register, and the output of each digit of the register is connected to its optical cell indicator and optical cells are located on a closed line, and the output of the last digit of the register is connected to the input of block pulse generator.
The essential feature of which is coincident with the claimed invention is that the device additionally introduced: the unit of time, a divider, a counter, a pulse shaper, the register so that the unit of time is connected to the input of the divider.
The drawback of this invention for operation of the device requires additional unit of time, the reliability and accuracy of which depends on the reliable functioning of the device as a whole.
T is Henichesk result of the use of the present invention is to improve the reliability and accuracy of workflow definition, resource light sources.
In the present invention the set problem is solved in the following way. Voltage electric distribution network varies in a sinusoidal manner with a sufficiently small frequency deviations. Therefore, as the unit of time is suggested to use the sensor transitions to the voltage through zero. For power grid AC voltage with frequency of 50 Hz, the front of the signal of such a sensor will be repeated after 10 MS. By submitting this signal to the counting input of the microcontroller, it is possible to form counts seconds, minutes and hours with sufficient accuracy. As the lines street lighting supply voltage is supplied only during the working period, the signals of the sensor transitions to the voltage through zero will be formed during this period. To determine the working resource is more convenient when installing the new lamp burn in the memory of the microprocessor, the counter endurance in hours specified in the technical characteristics of the lamp. In the further exploitation of the value of the working resource is reduced on the basis of the pulse counting sensor transitions to the voltage through zero. If the counter of the working resource is reduced to zero, the microprocessor via Powerline modem sends the appropriate message in the center of the Board lighting.
The device is working resource of light sources powered from the mains AC voltage, consists of a microprocessor, a Powerline modem, sensor navigation voltage through zero, the output of which is connected to the input of the microprocessor inputs and outputs control Powerline modem connected to respective outputs and inputs of the microprocessor, characterized in that the microprocessor stores the counter value of hours of source of light, as the unit of time used sensor transitions of voltage through zero, which generates at its output pulses with a period proportional to the frequency of the supply voltage, counting which, the microprocessor decrements the count of hours of source of light and can send a message about the end of the working resource center lighting control using a Powerline modem.
The block diagram of the device working resource of the light sources shown in Fig.1, where the numbers denote: 1 - Powerline modem; 2 - microprocessor; 3 - sensor navigation voltage through zero; 4 - electric AC voltage.
The device operates as follows: the microprocessor 2 receives the pulses from the sensor transitions of voltage through zero 3, you is icaet the corresponding period of the pulse interval time from the clock counter of the working resource. If the counter of the working resource is reduced to zero, the microprocessor via Powerline modem sends a corresponding message to the control center lighting.
Because as the unit of time is used directly, the law changes the voltage, in the present invention is simpler and more reliable than similar devices to take into account the operating life of the light source, that is required to achieve a technical result.
Instead Powerline modem you can use a radio modem, through which the microprocessor may send a corresponding message to the control center lighting.
As the microprocessor can use any of the commercially available modern microprocessors, for example, Atmel (http://www.atmel.com).
As sensor transitions of voltage through zero, you can use a resistive divider, for example, two series-connected resistor 1 Mω and 25 ohms, connected, respectively, to the phase and zero conductor of the power supply network.
As a Powerline modem and a wireless modem you can use any modems manufactured by the industry.
Thus, the achieved technical result, which directed this invention, which ultimately allows Socrates is th operation costs of street lighting systems and to improve the quality of their functioning.
1. The device is working resource of light sources powered from the mains AC voltage, consisting of a microprocessor, modem, sensor navigation voltage through zero, the output of which is connected to the input of the microprocessor inputs and outputs control the modem connected to respective outputs and inputs of the microprocessor, the microprocessor stores the counter value of hours of source of light, use the sensor transitions of voltage through zero as the unit of time, which generates at its output pulses with a period proportional to the frequency of the supply voltage applied to the counting input of the microprocessor for counting, decrement counter hours working resource of the light source while supplying the supply voltage to the light sources and send a message about the end of the working resource center lighting control via modem.
2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the modem is connected in the form of a Powerline modem or radio modem.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railroad equipment. The roadside station lighting control method includes a light sensor which is lighted by the headlight projector when a train arrives and sends a signal for automatic switching of illumination devices on at the roadside station; there's also one more light sensor in the circuit which gives the command to turn on the illumination devices only when night-time comes so lighting at the roadside station will be switched only when night time comes or a train arrives to it.
EFFECT: reduced power consumption and increased safety of passengers.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to selection of a light source among several light sources by the remote control device. Technical result is reached due to the remote control device assembled for selection of a light source among several light sources. The remote control device has an omnidirectional transmitter and it is assembled in order to transmit through the omnidirectional transmitter instructions to light sources to send a directional signal with a code unique for each light source. Besides, the remote control device has a directional signal receiver, and it is assembled in order to receive directed signals from light sources, and a signal comparison circuit coupled to the directional signal receiver. The remote control device is assembled to select one source out of light sources based on received directional signals. Besides, the remote control device comprises a transmission indicator assembled to generate indication signal that specifies omnidirectional transmission, and it is assembled to initiate selection of one source out of light sources by indication signal.
EFFECT: reducing variation of time required for detection of codes of lighting parameters by the remote control device.
8 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: lighting system comprises multiple lighting units (1, 4), each configured to illuminate a target area. There is a central element that reduces the light force and has controlled conductivity. Each lighting unit comprises at least one source (101, 201) of light, a controlled exciter (2, 5) of the source of light, connected to the source of light (101, 201), and a light sensor (3, 6) configured to measure the light flux in the target area of the lighting unit (1, 4). The exciter of the light source supplies energy to the source of light in accordance with input control voltage generated by a source of current. The light sensor is connected to the current source and has alternating conductivity corresponding to the light flux. The light force of the lighting units (1, 4) may be reduced in a combination by means of connection of each sensor (3, 6) of light in parallel with an element (7) reducing the light force via an appropriate diode (9, 10, 13).
EFFECT: improved energy efficiency of a lighting system.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: programming device (100) to programme a controller (10) in an electronic driver (200) comprises a controlled source (30) of voltage for generation of AC voltage suitable for power supply to the electronic driver (200), and a programming controller (20) to control the voltage source (30). The programming device (100) is designed to modulate the power supply frequency with the purpose to ensure power supply of the electronic driver (200) and transmission of programming data to the electronic driver (200).
EFFECT: facilitation of communication with a controller with minimisation of changes made to a driver.
13 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The voltage divider scheme (1) intended for combination of a dimmer (2) with phase control and LED scheme (3) comprises an active circuit (4) to increase a number of variants. The active circuit (4) may contain a current-limit circuit (5) in order to limit current passing through the voltage divider scheme (1). The active circuit (4) may comprise a voltage detection circuit (6) for deactivation or deactivation in response to detection of the current-limit circuit (5) and may comprise a control circuit such as microprocessor chip (7) intended to control the current-limit circuit (5) and may contain a control circuit (9) intended to control use of data received from the current passing through the LED scheme (3) intended to control the current-limit circuit (5) and to control at least a part of the LED scheme (3) containing back-to-back LEDs (31-32) or in-series LEDs and/or parallel LEDs (33-36).
EFFECT: reduced power losses.
15 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems based on light for transmission of information associated with formation of social communications. Illumination controllers controlling individually controlled illumination devices in a light-based system for the formation of the social communications are used in a combination with communication networks to identify and form remote social communications on the basis of light. In addition, visualisation controllers are used in a combination with visualisation infrastructures, visualisation actuators, localisation systems and identification systems to visually identify potentially social communications located nearby.
EFFECT: improving identification efficiency of people with similar interests, who are present nearby.
37 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. The device for determination of the brightness control phase angle set by operating the brightness control for the solid-state lighting load, comprises a processor with digital input, first diode, connected between the digital input and voltage source, and a second diode, connected between the digital input and earth. The device also comprises first capacitor, connected between the digital input and determination node, second capacitor, connected between a the determination node and earth, and resistance, connected between the determination node and node of rectified voltage, which accepts rectified voltage from the brightness control. The processor is made with a possibility of discretising digital impulses at digital input on the basis of rectified voltage and identifying a phase angle of the brightness control on the basis of lengths of discretised digital impulses.
EFFECT: improvement of precision of regulation of luminosity of solid-state lighting load.
9 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. A LED light source comprises: the first rectifier having the first and the second input terminals to connect to the alternating voltage source and the first and the second output terminals connected by the first LED circuit, the second rectifier having the first and the second input terminals and output terminals; the first input terminal of the second rectifier is connected to the first input terminal of the first rectifier and the second input terminal of the second rectifier is connected to the second input terminal of the first rectifier, the output terminals are connected by the second LED circuit, it also comprises a unit to create phase shift between the voltages which are present at the output terminals of the first rectifier and the output terminals of the second rectifier respectively in the course of operation. The LED circuits are excited by the circuit that can be powered from electricity supply network.
EFFECT: possibility to suppress stroboscopic effects.
6 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. According to the control method, one or more devices located inside a building are connected, directly or indirectly, to a programmable multimedia controller configured to issue control commands which, upon execution, change the state of the devices. A display screen displays a virtual room user interface. The virtual room user interface includes one or more virtual rooms, each having a photorealistic image of part of the building, including photorealistic images of one or more devices located inside said part of the building. In response to selection of a specific photorealistic visual image, the programmable multimedia controller can issue control commands which, upon execution, change the state of said specific device. The external appearance of the specific virtual room can be updated to reflect the changed state.
EFFECT: easy control of home appliances.
20 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: physics, communications.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to selecting and controlling devices based on wireless communication technology. The wireless controller sends a test message to one or more devices; each device receives the test message, obtains information relating the location thereof relative to the wireless controller, determines the response time according to a first predefined rule based on the relative location information thereof; detects response signals from other devices until the response time expires; decides whether or not to send its response signal according to a second predefined rule and procedure for detecting response signals from other devices; the wireless controller receives response signals sent by devices after comparing information on the location of each device relative to the wireless controller and selects the target device from said devices.
EFFECT: reduced complexity, delay and power consumption when selecting wireless devices which are especially applicable for wireless illumination systems.
11 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic storage and retrieval of emergency information using a vehicle computer system. The technical result is providing an optimum volume of transmitting emergency information. A vehicle communication system may retrieve "in case of emergency" (ICE) information from a wireless communication device. The ICE information may include contact information, medical information, etc., and may be transferred to an emergency service provider, if the vehicle communication system makes an emergency call.
EFFECT: information may also be retrieved at a certain point in time before an emergency call is made and stored in a memory cell of the vehicle communication system.
17 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method employs radio or infrared radiation for signalling coverage of four-way road intersections. Three detectors are deployed at a road intersection such that each covers two roads at once, wherein the direction of movement of an offender is determined from the sequence and numbers of triggered detectors using series of two, three or four alarm signals arriving after a predetermined time interval. The direction of movement since the offender appeared on the intersection and entered the detection zone of the detector is determined from the recorded sequence of the numbers of detectors outputting alarm signals, while continuing to record the time interval corresponding to the movement of the offender.
EFFECT: fewer detectors while maintaining reliable detection of an offender.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to automotive man-machine interfaces. Proposed method and used system exploit stare sensor to receive stare vector from the driver to locate near objects and their speeds. Note here that risks of carrier failure is defined proceeding from near object location and speed. Driver awareness of carrier situation is defined proceeding from near object location and speed and stare position. In response to said awareness warning signal is activated.
EFFECT: higher safety.
18 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer-based registration and documentation systems. Proposed system comprises onboard data processing computer with I/O connected with data acquisition and conversion controllers with their inputs connected with telemetry data indicators, audio data indicators, radar and external observation video camera. Onboard data processing computer I/O is connected with monitor I/O and input of container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware with its output connected to container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware input circuit. Said container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware has its inputs connected to outputs of pressure and temperature transducers. Container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware has its output connected with container discharge mechanism with registration hardware connected by its second inputs to output of container manual discharge device with registration hardware connected by its input with code lock. Container with registration hardware is connected with another ship computer I/O and I/O of the unit of data registration at integrator. Proposed system comprises navigation parameters converter with it inputs connected to navigation transducers for measurement of speed, bearing and coordinates. Converter output is connected with data registration unit input. Cartographic data converter has its input connected to output of TV camera arranged above the autoplotter table and its output connected to registration data unit input. Monitor inputs are connected to outputs of depth-finding, heel and trim difference transducers and depth-gage. Autoplotter inputs are connected with outputs of navigation transducers, course, speed and coordinates transducers.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances, fast transmission of container notification and search signals, precise analysis of situation.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: fault signalling device for an electrical device consists of an indicator with neon lamp (12) connected directly to terminals of electric fuse (5) and when the fuse blows the above lamp (12) starts glowing. The lamp is installed in the same support structure (3) with the fuse. Fuse holder (5) contains a cartridge (3) inserted into a socket (4) of the above electrical device and has the installed fuse (5). The cartridge (3) is formed by a frame containing a couple of longitudinal members (6) connected by the lower part (7), front part (8) and intermediate vertical element (10). The front part (8) contains a chamber open at sides with internal partition (9) and blocked element (11) placed outside in relation to the electrical device surface with installed cartridge (3). The blocked element (11) is made of transparent material in order to view indicator (12) assembled in the above chamber formed by the front part (8).
EFFECT: improvement of compactness and simplification of the signalling device structure that has advanced reliability and safety for use of electrical devices of different types.
2 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: objects represented in a stream are determined based on video frame analysis. Each object may have a corresponding search model used to track movement of the object from frame to frame. Object classes are determined and semantic representations of the objects are formed. The semantic representations are used to determine object behaviour and study behaviour arising in an environment represented by the obtained video streams.
EFFECT: broader functional capabilities of recognising behaviour through fast, real-time studying of normal and unusual behaviour for any environment by analysing movements or activities or lack thereof in the environment and identification and prediction of abnormal and suspicious behaviour based on what was studied.
15 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Proposed device comprises control cable connected with flaps to move jointly therewith. Control cable lay-out path extends from the first point to second point, located, either one or both, on stationary elements of aircraft wing structure.
EFFECT: simplified design.
15 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: method to ensure safety of vessels, in which a knowledge base is generated for provision of safety of each vessel, as well as a data base for information support of fighting for survivability of each vessel, a data base for interactive electronic operation manuals (IEOM), a data base for cartographical information, a data base for physical fields of each vessel, a data base for diagnostics of technical facilities and body structures, at the same time mutual exchange is maintained for information of emergency vessels along secured communication channels with rescue services and salvage ships, besides, the specified knowledge base is formed in a computer centre of a mobile salvage ship, single for this region, including into this knowledge base data of all vessels of the served region, and in case of an emergency, all data on an emergency vessel is analysed in a computer centre of a mobile salvage ship, both initial data and available data on the emergency, and optimal recommendations are developed to maintain the emergency vessel afloat before the salvage ship arrives.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of salvage operations.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of transmitting information to a mobile terminal to ensure safety of users inside an industrial building, residential quarters or a vehicle, involving installation of a command interpreter at the mobile terminal, which takes into account individual characteristics of a user, which are entered by the user in advance, as parameters of the command interpreter; in the absence of entered parameters, the command interpreter uses average statistical parameters of the user; wherein when no emergency situations are detected, the command interpreter operates in background mode, while loading into the mobile terminal through a radio channel, information which corresponds to said industrial building, residential quarters or vehicle, which includes commands for the command interpreter, which are executed in case of an emergency situation, audio, video, graphic and text information which is displayed by the mobile terminal upon input of the corresponding command to the command interpreter; wherein that information and commands are loaded from that moment in time when the mobile terminal is connected via the radio channel to the safety system, wherein if the mobile terminal loses connection with the safety system at that time when loading of the information has not been completed, loading stops and continues from where it stopped upon reconnection; wherein during an emergency situation, information on the beginning and nature of the emergency situation is sent to the mobile terminal, upon receiving this information, the command interpreter switches from background mode to emergency mode, wherein based on information on the beginning and nature of the emergency situation, the mobile terminal displays previously loaded information which corresponds the nature of the emergency situation and executes previously loaded commands which correspond to the nature of the emergency situation; the mobile terminal may be cellular telephone, a smartphone, a communicator, a notebook, a netbook or a PDA.
EFFECT: reducing data traffic during an emergency situation and faster operation of the mobile terminal during an emergency situation.
SUBSTANCE: device for detecting leakage of water-steam mixture from a pipeline which is installed in a room provided with an influx of air includes a sensor which records the value of relative humidity in the monitored room, said sensor being connected to an information processing device, wherein the device additionally includes a laser aerosol sensor of submicron dimensions, which records the number concentration and size of aerosol particles, fitted with a sampling tube whose inlet end is installed at the outlet point of air from the monitored room; the output of the laser aerosol sensor is connected to the input of the information processing device, wherein the information processing device additionally includes a unit for comparing the value of the current signal of the laser aerosol sensor with the data base and a unit for calculating correlations between relative humidity values, the number concentration and sizes of the aerosol particles in air in the monitored room, also connected to a signalling unit.
EFFECT: high reliability and information content of measurements.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control over aircraft engine, particularly, to standardisation of data used for control purposes. Means are used for taking measurements in historical series of said aircraft engine. Used are the means to calculate from said historical series measurements the set of indicators inherent in elements of said engine. Means are used to identify from said historical series measurements the set of outer data describing the outer content acting on said set of indicators. Means are used to define the traditional multidimensional model to process indictors of said set along with allowance for the outer data set and to develop the set of estimates corresponding to said set of indicators. Means are used for normalisation of every estimate as the function of reference magnitude for appropriate indicator and the difference between said estimate and said appropriate indicator to generate the set of normalised magnitudes.
EFFECT: processing of ratio between dependencies of indicators on outer data.
14 cl, 8 dwg