Method of determining rating of combat athletes

FIELD: sports.

SUBSTANCE: circle on the monitor screen is presented to the subject, on which a mark and a point object is placed. The point object moves at a predetermined speed along the circle. The testee stops the movement of the point object along the circle at the time of the proposed coincidence of its position with the mark by pressing the "Stop" button. Then the mismatch error of the point object and the mark is calculated. This is the time of trailing error with a positive sign or anticipation with a negative sign. After the predetermined time, the motion of the point object along the circle is resumed. The described procedure is performed the specified number of times. The order statistics of mismatch errors of the point object and marks is created. The range of the order is calculated by the formula: R=tmax-tmin. The ratio of the largest member of the order statistics tmax to the range R is calculated, multiplied by 100. The maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max| is determined. The lower quartile (25% quantile) of the maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max| is calculated. The percentage P of the absolute values of the prediction errors is determined, which are in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tpred.max|. Rating P is calculated as the reciprocal number of the arithmetic mean of the range R, the ratio of the largest member of the order statistics tmax to the range R, multiplied by 100, and the percentage Per of the absolute values of prediction errors which are in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the prediction error |tpred.max|, multiplied by 100, according to the formula: P=100×1/(R+100×tmax/R+Per)/3=300/(R+100tmax/R+Per). The testee who has a higher rating is regarded as the most promising and able to show better results in upcoming competitions.

EFFECT: increasing reliability of determining the rating of combat athletes by evaluating the ratio of excitation and inhibition that characterises the speed capabilities and accuracy of motor actions.

10 dwg, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to sports medicine and is intended to determine the ranking of athletes involved in the martial arts.

Modern combat sports require the athlete to quickly perform locomotor and tactical actions in a complex competitive situations [1]. However, the effectiveness of motor actions, in addition to speed, depends on the accuracy of movements, which is defined as the motor of the act, implemented by compliance with the pre-installed system characteristics [2].

The speed of the motor action is characterized by the ability to complete them within short time [3]. Known methods of evaluation speed motor action by the time the latent period of motor responses (reaction time), the single speed of movement, frequency of movements per unit time and the derivative of these indicators - movement speed [4].

The disadvantage is the inability to determine the accuracy of motor actions.

A well-known rating system testing, including flow test students, the subsequent comparison of the responses of students with correct answers, characterized in that the testing is performed in K subjects, where K≥2, of which are N subjects - profile, part - M disciplines - more, with K=N+M, as defined in the e and/or change profilesthe disciplines testing is done with the help of computer analysis tools directed graph logical connectivity disciplines, when this testing is carried out by the vitests, where i=1, ...N, for each N core disciplines and wjtests, where j=1, ...M, for each M additional disciplines, the results of the test administered in the computer database, then use it to determine the maximum results for vitrials on each profile and wjtesting for each additional disciplines separately, and then using a computer means calculates individual final rating of each training [5].

The system can be used to determine the ranking of athletes-athletes by setting the main (relevant) and additional tests to assess the preparedness of the athlete. The disadvantage of this system is the absence of such tests.

There is a method of ranking people according to the indicators of the functional state of the Central nervous system, consisting in the preparation of opinions on the state of analytical functions according to the definition of psychophysiological indices, characterized in that the evaluation are according to the calculated integral indicator of the functional state of the Central nervous system as determined by testing light stimuli of different colors, and according to the definition of time of sensorimotor reactions, calculated as a weighted average of elicina occupied in the team ranking places determined by criteria-based indicators: the excitability of the nerve centers and lability of nervous processes, defined by the critical frequency of flicker fusion in the cortical centers of the visual analyzer for the right and left hemispheres of the brain separately; the speed of perception and decision-making on motor responses in the motor cortex of the right and left hemispheres of the brain separately; dominant algorithms of functioning of the information-analytical structures of the CNS in interhemispheric functional asymmetry of cerebral hemispheres defined in terms of excitability of the nervous centres for test signals of different colors; the degree of hemispheric functional asymmetry of cerebral hemispheres defined by the time of visual-motor reactions on light signals, placed in the right and left semifields of view and implementation of motor reactions arm, controlled from the same hemisphere of the brain, which was addressed to light the test stimulus; the degree of emotional intensity, defined as the difference between the indices of excitability of the nervous centres for test signals of red and green; and the subject consuming the above criteria a higher place in the implementation of prognostic assessment is regarded as the most promising and capable while the AMB good results in the upcoming professional activity [6].

The disadvantage of this method is the inability to determine the accuracy of motor actions.

It is known that in samples of people with severe high-speed qualities, prevails, along with other such peculiarity, as the predominance of excitation over inhibition [7].

The closest to the technical nature of the proposed method is a way to estimate the ratio of the processes of excitation and inhibition in the Central nervous system of a human by presenting the subject on the screen of the video monitor of a circle, which contains a label and a point object, characterized in that a point object moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, and then calculate the total value of the error lagi=1nxi where xi- i-I lag error, MS; n is the number of lags, and the total value of the errors leadj=1kyjwhere yj- j-I error of pre-emption, MS; k is the number of pridani, the estimated correlation between the processes of excitation and inhibition in the Central nervous system is judged by the comparison of the total error values of delay and the total error values lead [8].

In this method estimates the value of the processes of excitation and inhibition, allowing to evaluate the speed of motor actions, but their accuracy is not specified.

The technical result of the proposed method is to improve the reliability ranking of the athletes involved in the martial arts, by evaluating the ratio of excitation and inhibition that characterizes velocity, and accuracy of motor actions.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" button to stop allivet movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, and it is new that build variational number of mismatch error point object and tags, calculate the variational sweep series by the formula [9]:

where tmaxand tminrespectively the largest and smallest members of the variation series, MS; calculate the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100; determine the maximum absolute value of the error prediction |tSIMP.max|, calculate the lower quartile (25% quantile) maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max| ,% P absolute error values of lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, rating R is calculated as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean values of the variation of amplitude R, the ratio of the highest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, and the percentage P of absolute values of errors lead in the bottom quartile maximum and the zero-error |t SIMP.max|, multiplied by 100, by the formula:

the subject, who had a higher rating, is regarded as more promising and able to show better results in the upcoming competitions.

The task of the subject, seeking to stop the moving object accurately aligning it with the mark (Fig.1), consists of nding some amount of pre-emption of their motor actions taking into account the velocity of the object, the remaining distance and speed of their motor actions. Errors lead in the test are an indication of the prevalence of the excitatory process, errors, lag - the predominance of the braking process. The exact reaction in the test show a person with balanced processes of excitation and inhibition [10]. The validity of the test in the test correspond to the actions of the athlete-the hand that gives the opportunity to assess not only the ratio of excitation and inhibition, allowing to evaluate the speed of motor actions, but also the accuracy of the motor actions of the test.

To evaluate the response time to a moving object is calculated the average of the mismatch errors of the point object and labels [11]. However, the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object of the athlete's hand, calculated as an average value, prevents the hell is quitno to assess the accuracy of its motor actions. Path when testing the response time to a moving object two subjects received the following error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and marks:

- for the first Respondent+10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10 MS shown in Fig.2;

for the second Respondent+5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5 MS shown in Fig.3.

Average values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and label both subjects are equal, but their scattering and variational sweep the second Respondent is less than the first, therefore, the accuracy of the motor action of the second Respondent above.

To characterize the dispersion (variance) of the error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and the label can be used variance or standard (RMS) deviation. However, variance, and standard deviation are the measure of deviation of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels from their mean, which is the estimate of the mathematical expectation [12]. Therefore, neither the variance nor the standard deviation may not provide an adequate assessment of the accuracy of motor actions of the test. Let when testing the response time to a moving object two subjects received the following error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and marks:

for the first and pitamaha +10, -10, +5, -5, +10, -10, +5, -5, +10, -10 MS shown in Fig.4;

for the second Respondent+15, -5, 10, 0, +15, -5, 10, 0, +15, -5 MS shown in Fig.5;

- for the third Respondent+5, -15, 0, -10, +5, -15, 0, -10, +5, -15 MS shown in Fig.6.

The standard deviation of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and the label of the subjects is 8.8 MS, the variation range of 20 MS.

However, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and a label, the first Respondent is symmetrical relative to the point 0 (Fig.7a), the second Respondent is shifted to positive values (Fig.7b), the third Respondent in the region of negative values (Fig.7b). This suggests that the first Respondent processes of excitation and inhibition in the Central nervous system is balanced, the second Respondent is dominated by inhibitory processes, the third Respondent - excitation processes. Therefore, the third subject more responsive to various events that change the situation in martial arts and, as a consequence, runs faster motor action. While fewer errors lead close to zero indicates a greater speed motor actions.

Thus, to increase the reliability of determination re the Tinga athletes-athletes need to calculate the variation of the amplitude R of mismatch error of a point object and label according to the formula (1), the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100 to determine the maximum absolute value of the error prediction |tSIMP.max|, compute the percentage P of absolute values of errors lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max| rating be calculated by the formula (2).

In Fig.1 presents a circle, placed the subject on the screen of the video monitor, where 1 - marker, 2 - point object moving with a constant speed in a circle.

In Fig.2-6 and Fig.8-10 presents the diagram of the error values of the lag and lead of the examinees.

In Fig.7 shows the location on the number line segments that are limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and label three subjects.

The proposed method is to rank the athletes involved in the martial arts is as follows.

The subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, on which is placed a label 1 and a point object 2 moving with constant speed on a circle (Fig.1). The subject, watching the movement of the point object 2, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object 2 with label 1 press the "Stop" button stops the movement is their point object 2 on the circle. Then calculate the mismatch error of the point object 2, and labels 1 - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign - and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object 2 on the circle.

The person performs the described procedure specified number of times, and then build variational number of mismatch error of the point object 2, and labels 1 and calculate the variation of the amplitude R of the number by the formula (1), the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, determine the maximum absolute value of the error prediction |tSIMP.max|, calculate the lower quartile (25% quantile) maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max| and the percentage P of absolute values of errors lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|.

Rating R is calculated as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean values of the variation of amplitude R, the ratio of the highest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, and the percentage P of absolute values of errors lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max|, multiplied by 100, by the formula (2).

Thus, the inventive method defined who I am ranking athletes, involved in martial arts, has new properties, contributing to the technical result.

Example 1.

Subject K., 20 years with 1st class in hand-to-hand battle on the video monitor screen of the personal computer brought the circle, which contains the label. On a circle clockwise moves with a given speed of a point object, making one revolution in 2 C.

The subject, watching the movement of a point object on the circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of the point object with the position of the label pressed key of the keyboard of the computer Space that functions as a "Stop"button.

The computer at the time you press the Spacebar stopped the movement of a point object in a circle, calculate the mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels, error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, put the value of the time of the error with the corresponding sign in the storage device and 1 with continued movement of the point object in a circle.

Tested in accordance with the recommendations [10] performed 13 stops the motion of a point object in the field of TIC, the first three of which in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object was not taken into account. The test result obtained following the values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: 1, -28, -48, -24, -39, -5, -38, -8, -32, -29, which are presented in chart form in Fig.8.

The largest member of the variational range of tmaxerror discrepancy of a point object and a label equal to 1 MS; the smallest member of the variational range of tminminus 48 MS; variational sweep R, calculated by the formula (1), - 49 MS; the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100-2,0; maximum absolute error value of pre-emption |tSIMP.max| - 48 MS; lower quartile (25% quantile) maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max| - 36 MS; percentage P of absolute values of errors lead |tpanel| located in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max| - 30%; rating that is calculated by the formula (2), and 3.7.

Example 2.

Subject R., 21, with 1st class in hand-to-hand combat, similar to the subject K., completed the test in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object. As the result, obtained the following values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: -6, -37, 17, -27, -16, -38, -25, -21, 15, 5, which are presented in chart form in Fig.9.

The largest member of the variational range of tmaxerror discrepancy of a point object and a label equal to 16 MS. the smallest member of the variational range of tminminus 38 MS; variational sweep R, calc is Kenny by the formula (1), - 54 MS; the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100-29,6; maximum absolute error value of pre-emption |tSIMP.max| - 38 MS; lower quartile (25% quantile) maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max| - 28 MS; percentage P of absolute values of errors lead |tpanel| located in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, - 20%; rating that is calculated by the formula (2), and 2.9.

Example 3.

Subject F., 22, with 1st class in hand-to-hand combat, similar to the subject K., completed the test in the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object. As the result, obtained the following values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: -42, -28, -54, -14, -5, -2, -8, -38, -23, -16, which are presented in chart form in Fig.10.

The largest member of the variational range of tmaxerror discrepancy of a point object and a label equal to minus 2 MS; the smallest member of the variational range of tminminus 54 MS; variational sweep R, calculated by the formula (1), - 52 MS; the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, minus 3,8; the maximum absolute value of the error prediction |tSIMP.max| - 54 MS; lower quartile (25% quantile), the maximum absolute value is of the errors lead |t SIMP.max| - 41 MS; percentage P of absolute values of errors lead |tpanel| located in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, - 20%; rating that is calculated by the formula (2), and 4.4.

The analysis of test results of the subjects shows that the variation of the magnitude of mismatch error of the point object and the label of the test K. the least, therefore, the accuracy of its motor actions higher than in subjects and R. F.

The ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, the test Fleet least, therefore, the speed of its motor actions higher than in subjects K. R.

The percentage P of absolute values of errors lead |tpanel| located in the lower quartile of the maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, the subjects R. and F. equal to and lower than the examinee K., therefore, they have less number of stops the motion of a point object in the field of TIC, made with great anticipation, indicating a higher speed motor actions, but with low accuracy.

The rating of the test F. most, therefore, it is more promising and able to show better results in the upcoming competitions.

Thus, the proposed method on init the speed and accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's hand, thereby to increase the reliability of determining its rating.

Sources of information

1. Babushkin, D., Shumilin A. P., Salakhov R. E. Reflection and intuition in the structure of the competitive activities of the athlete // Sports psychologist. - 2009. - №3(18). - S. 33-35.

2. Belokopytov J., Lavrentieva Century, Kozhevnikova L. the Content and structure of program of development of coordination abilities in girls 10-13 years engaged in artistic gymnastics // Physical education students (Ukraine, Kharkov). - 2010. - №3. - C. 3-8.

3. Karpenko, L. A. Key aspects of successful teaching and training work on rhythmic gymnastics // physical Culture and health. - 2007. No. 4. - S. 45-49.

4. Lip B. N. foundations of early recognition of sports talent: textbook for higher educational institutions of physical culture. - M.: Tera-Sport, 2003. - 208 S.

5. Patent 2175782 of the Russian Federation, IPC G09B 7/07. The rating system testing // Basanov Century A., Nikulin, S. A., razumeiko B. G., Melnikov, A. L., Murtishaw A. A., Nuzhdin, A. - No. 2001108455/28; Appl. 02.04.2001; publ. 10.11.2001.

6. Patent 2316247 of the Russian Federation, IPC AV 3/06, AV 5/00. How to rank people according to the indicators of the functional state of the Central nervous system // N. Ovchinnikov.D., Egoshina Century. And., kvachuk P. C. No. 2005132276/14; Appl. 19.10.2005; publ. 10.02.2008.

7. [Electronic resource]. - Mode of access: http://soulsick.ru/content/view.

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The method for determining the ranking of athletes-athletes, namely, that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay of the skin which make the movement of a point object on a circle, the described procedure is repeated specified number of times, wherein the build variational number of mismatch error point object and tags, calculate the variational sweep series by the formula:
R=tmax-tmin,
where tmaxand tminrespectively the largest and smallest members of the variation series, MS; calculate the ratio of the largest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100; determine the maximum absolute value of the error prediction |tSIMP.max|, calculate the lower quartile (25% quantile) maximum absolute error values lead |tSIMP.max| ,% P absolute error values of lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, rating R is calculated as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean values of the variation of amplitude R, the ratio of the highest member of the variational range of tmaxto variational scale R, multiplied by 100, and the percentage P of absolute values of errors lead in the bottom quartile maximum absolute value of the error |tSIMP.max|, multiplied by 100, by the formula:
P=100×1/(R+100×tmax/R+P)/3=300/(R+100tmax/R+P),
the subject, who had a higher rating, is regarded as more promising and able to show better results in PR is stojsic competitions.



 

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6 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to gastroenterology, and can be used for providing the higher clinical effectiveness in the patients suffering dyspepsia syndrome combined with overweight. The method involves measuring an anxiety level (HARS) and a depression level (HDRS) according to Hamilton rating scales, assessing nutritional status by bioimpedancemetry, a degree of manifestation of sleep disorders, measuring glucose, testing glucose tolerance, immunoreactive insulin, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDLP), triglyceride in venous blood. If the patient is observed to suffer dyslipidemia and impaired glucose tolerance or variations of immunoreactive insulin, the preparation Dibikor is administered in a dose of 500 mg a day for three months. The patient suffering dyslipidemia and both of the disorders stated above requires administering Dibikor 1000 mg a day for three months. If the patient suffers an overweight with a body weight index falling within the range of 27 to 29.9 standard units and an active cell mass (ACM) percentage of 45 to 55 per cent as shown by bioimpedancemetry, the preparation Dietressa is administered in a dose of 1 tablet 3-4 times a day for three to six months. If the patient suffers an overweight with a body weight index falling within the range of 27 to 29.9 standard units and an active cell mass (ACM) percentage of 45 to 55 per cent as shown by bioimpedancemetry, the preparation Dietressa is administered in a dose of 2 tablet 3-4 times a day for three to six months. If the patient suffers mild and moderate sleep disorders and shows an emotive type of eating behaviour combined with mild affective disorders, the anti-depressant Valdoxane in a single dose of 25 mg a day for the night for two weeks. The course of the disease is followed by the anxiety and depression levels two weeks after the beginning of the therapy, with the positive progression of the diseases, the 25mg dose of Valdoxane remains unchanged to the end of the therapeutic course for three to six months. If no progression is exhibited, the dose is to be increased to 50 mg a day, and the therapy is continued from four to eight months. If the patient suffers severe sleep disorders and shows an emotive type of eating behaviour combined with moderate affective disorders, the anti-depressant Valdoxane in a single dose of 50 mg a day for the night for two to three months.

EFFECT: in each specific case, the method enables providing faster reduction of the clinical symptoms, including body fat weight reduction and active cell mass and water normalisation, normalising circadian rhythms of the vegetative balance, as well as prolonging the remission.

3 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: method employs a device in the form of a stand with two telescopic posts with induction sensors. A metal sphere moves on a channel at an angle of 5° and when the sphere passes the first induction sensor, an electrical signal is generated which triggers an electric stopwatch, and when the sphere passes the second induction sensor, the stopwatch stops. The second induction sensor is turned off and the test subject stops the stopwatch at the moment of seeing the sphere cross the finishing line by pressing a button. The reading of the stopwatch is the visual-motor reaction time. From 50 to 100 tests are carried out, which include recording all attempts by a test subject, including premature pressing of the button, constructing a personal bar chart for each test subject and selecting a standard criterion for evaluating and comparing the visual-motor reaction.

EFFECT: method increases accuracy and objectivity of evaluating visual-motor reaction to movement of an object in space.

4 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: test is carried out by an application of a combined approach with simultaneous application of isometric and psychoemotional stress. Isometric stress is performed by means of two ring expanders, which a patient compresses in each hand with the maximal effort for the maximally possible time interval - usually for 2-3 minutes. In the process of performing an isometric test additional psychoemotional stress in the form of constant psychological setting of the patient to the maximal pressure of the hand expanders for the entire test is carried out. Simultaneously a registration of echocardiographic scans is performed from the apical access in a projection of a four-chamber and two-chamber section with an application of 16-segmented model in a combination with ECG AND AP registration.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase an accuracy and self-descriptiveness of non-invasive ultrasonic diagnostics of ischemic heart disease in clinical practice due to the creation of the powerful synergic effect from two stressing factors.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves a patient's face exposure to full-spectrum natural or artificial light of light intensity not less than 2000 lux for 1-2 hours a day combined with or followed by an exercise load. Additionally, an eating disorder is typed and corrected using psychophysiological techniques. A caloric value of a diet is specified by reducing the patient's regular mean daily energy requirement per a percentage equal to the patient's body weight index with lipid restriction to 40-60 g/day for a period of 6 months with fasting days once every 1-2 weeks. The exercise load is performed in an anaerobic gradual regimen with no weight and resistance on muscle groups of the upper body and waist, with a power load on muscle groups of the lower body until muscular fatigue in the number of 2-3 sets with a rest. They are combined with or followed by a prolonged exercise load at least 4 times a week for 40-60 min in an aerobic regimen with 2-3 acceleration episodes of 3-5 minutes. They are combined with drug-free procedures aiming at improving the regional blood flow, improving the muscular tonus of the anterior abdominal wall and sides, the greater muscle groups of the upper body. If the patient has no insulin resistance syndrome or the sugar blood level less than or equal to 6.1 mmole/l, preparations and biologically active additives containing lipoic acid and vitamin B1 are administered. If the patient suffers from insulin resistance syndrome and/or a fasting glucose level of more than 6.1 mmole/l, the preparations of biguanidines containing metformin are prescribed. Diet mistakes require prescribing preparations of lipase inhibitors containing orlistat.

EFFECT: higher therapeutic effectiveness taking into account a degree of obesity with reducing side effects of therapy.

9 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: sports.

SUBSTANCE: circle is shown to the testee on the monitor screen, on which a label and a point object is placed, moving at a predetermined speed along the circle. The testee, observing the movement of the point object, at the time of the proposed match of position of the moving point object with a label by pressing the "Stop" button stops the movement of the point object along the circle. Then the mismatch error of the point object and the label is calculated - the time of trailing error with a positive sign or anticipation with a negative sign and after the specified time the movement of the point object along the circle is renewed. The testee performs the described procedure the specified number of times, and then the order statistics of mismatch errors of the point object and the label is created, the statistics range is calculated and the segment on the number scale is marked, bounded by the highest and lowest members of the order statistics. The selection is performed by location of the segment on the number scale, bounded by the highest and lowest members of the order statistics of mismatch errors of the point object and the label, closest to the symmetry relating to the zero point, and the smallest value of the statistics range of mismatch errors of the point object and the label.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the accuracy of assessment characterising the accuracy of the testee motor actions due to instrumental measurements, thereby to improve reliability of selection of adolescents for playing sports.

11 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: there are presented a method and a system for sensing the presence of a personal medical device inside a patient. The method involves analysing the patient's image data with the use of a medical device unit and sensing the presence of the personal device inside the patient. The detected medical device is classified. That is followed by receiving the first set of the patient's data with the use of the medical device unit on the basis of the classified personal medical device by inquiring the first data base with the use of the medical device unit. The first set of data involves the type of the personal medical device. On the basis of the first set of data, the second patient's data base is inquired to receive the second set of the patient's data. The second set involves the properties of abatement of the personal medical device. The medical device unit is used to vary the medical procedure in response to the first and second sets of the patient's data. The system involves the medical device unit comprising a machine-readable carrier comprising a logic configured to implement the method.

EFFECT: using the invention provides the reliable operation of the personal medical device in performing medical visualisation procedures.

11 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: technique is implemented by using a S-silicone light body as a tongue imprinting material. That enables diagnosing the tongue motor dysfunction and detecting a three-dimensional path of travel and a postoperative extent of dysfunctions. The derived data are used to prescribe the complex tongue muscle exercises.

EFFECT: improving the diagnostic technique for the tongue motor dysfunction.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: left ventricular systolic volume as shown by echocardiography is determined in the children and adolescents suffering from essential arterial hypertension; blood serum lead is measured, and a systolic day-time hypertension time index is calculated by a regression analysis formula: SAT TI day-time=0.12+0.0035*SV+0.13*Pb blood serum, wherein SAT TI day-time is the systolic day-time hypertension time index; SV is the left ventricular systolic volume as shown by echocardiography; Pb blood serum is the blood serum lead content. If the systolic day-time hypertension time index falls within the range of 0.25 to 0.50, the form of essential arterial hypertension is considered to be labile, and if the value is more than 0.50, the stable form of essential arterial hypertension is stated.

EFFECT: method enables defining the form of essential arterial hypertension in the children and adolescents by measuring the blood serum lead content as shown by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and determining the left ventricular systolic volume according to echocardiography.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: clinical medical history data are determined as follows: body weight index (BWI), kg/m2; waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio, type 2 diabetes mellitus diagnosed in close relatives, arterial hypertension (AH) diagnosed. The laboratory data are measured as follows: plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PGAI-1), nmole/l; nitrogen oxide (NO) metabolites, %; resistin, ng/ml; insulin resistance (IR), mIU/ml; triglycerides (TG), mmole/l; high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLPC), mmole/l; fibrinogen, mg/dl; impaired fasting glucose (IFG), mmole/l; glycosylated haemoglobin (HbAlc), %; impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), mmole/l; homocystein (HC), mcmole/l; TNF-α, pg/ml; C-reactive protein, mg/l; endothelin and fibrinogen. The derived values are scored. The total score is used to determine a risk of atherosclerosis in the patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus: extremely high, high, moderate and low. Taking into account the detected degree of risk, a dosage of aspirin and statins are determined, as well as a monitored mode of blood lipids, urinary albumin and blood creatinine is specified.

EFFECT: method enables determining a degree of risk of the atherosclerosis progression as shown by the clinical medical history and laboratory data, as well as specifying individual pathogenetic therapy for the patient that leads to reducing developing cardiovascular complications.

4 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, and can be used in cardiology, endocrinology, functional diagnostics and can find application in diagnostics and selecting a therapeutic approach to ischemic heart disease. The following risk factors are detected in the patients suffering from diabetes mellitus accompanied by cardiovascular disorders: blood plasma glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbAlc), total blood plasma cholesterol, blood plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, load St segment depression, signs of carotid wall thickening, an ankle-brachial index and brachial endothelium-dependent vasodilatation as shown by the Doppler ultrasound, duration of diabetes mellitus; the derived values are scored. The derived scored values are summed up, and a risk of coronary artery atherosclerosis is stated to be low, moderate, high or very high.

EFFECT: method enables determining the risk of coronary artery atherosclerosis in the patients suffering from diabetes mellitus accompanied by cardiovascular disorders by assessing the clinical laboratory values and conducting instrumental tests, including electrocardiography, Doppler ultrasound and coronary angiography.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, particularly to marine medicine. The nervous and cardiovascular functional characteristics are measured 30 minutes before and 30 minutes after a 30-metre chamber immersion to stay there for 1 hour and following 63-minute decompression. That is followed by determining an index of resistance to decompression disease (DD) in females at 20-30 years of age (IRDDF20-30) by original formula. If the derived value of the index of resistance is less than 1, a high degree of resistance to DD is stated, and the value falling within the range of 1 to 1.8 shows a moderate degree, while a low degree of resistance to DD is stated if observing the related value exceeding 1.8.

EFFECT: method enables providing the more accurate detection of the degree of individual resistance to decompression disease in females and the differentiated assessment of resistance to decompression disease in the females of a specific age by taking into account the nervous and cardiovascular characteristic values.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device for non-invasive glucose measurement in an individual comprises a single external unit, which is provided with the first part and the opposite second part for receiving the individual's body par in between. The first and second ultrasonic piezoelectric elements are mounted on the first and second parts respectively, and comprise the first and second coating membranes respectively for measuring the glucose content by ultrasound. The first and second membranes form the first and second capacitor plates respectively with a connected self-excited glucose measuring device using electromagnetic measurements. A heater and a thermal detector are mounted on the first part and separated from the first piezoelectric element for measuring glucose by the thermal characteristics.

EFFECT: using the invention enables providing the more accurate glucose measurement by a combination of the ultrasonic, electromagnetic and thermal measurement methods.

8 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns determining a degree of severity of psychosomatic disorders in patients with discirculatory encephalopathy. That is ensured by a standard therapeutic, neurologic, instrumental examination. That is added with measuring primary anti-S100B protein antibody (AT) titres in blood serum. If the measured titre is up to 150, they should be taken into account in stating degree 3 discirculatory encephalopathy with cognitive disorders reaching moderate or severe dementia accompanied by severe affective and behavioural disorders.

EFFECT: higher specificity, accuracy, sensitivity and reliability of the molecular diagnostic technique.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: diagnostic technique for the ischemic heart disease is implemented by stating risk factors, symptoms and ECG findings, diagnostic characters (DC) of which are distributed into groups and assigned with certain numerical scores. Conditional probabilities of the presence or absence of IHD in a specific patient are calculated. The findings are used to establish the diagnosis of IHD or not.

EFFECT: technique enables providing establishing the more accurate diagnosis of IHD by taking into account a complex of various DCs, the records of which are processed by a mathematical model.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out ultrasonic scanning examination of subclavian artery over its whole extent in physiological arm position with arterial blood pressure being measured in the middle one third of the arm. Next, when applying compression tests, blood circulation parameters variations are recorded in distal segment of the subclavian artery with arterial blood pressure being concurrently measured. Three degrees of superior thorax aperture syndrome severity are diagnosed depending on reduction of linear blood circulation velocity and arterial blood pressure compared to their initial values. Mild one takes place when linear blood circulation velocity reduction reaches 40% and arterial blood pressure 20% of initial level, moderate one when linear blood circulation velocity reduction reaches 70% and arterial blood pressure 50% and heavy one when linear blood circulation velocity reduction is greater than 70% of initial level and arterial blood pressure is greater than 50% to the extent of no blood circulation manifestation being observed in the subclavian artery.

EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.

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