Flying collector for atmospheric water

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: flying collector for atmospheric water includes main fabric canvas, boundary toroidal balloon attached to it, rope bracing of attachment to lifting aerostat and captive cable. Main fabric canvas of collector is made as surface of rotation with increasing generatrix inclination to plane perpendicular to axis of rotation when approaching to this axis. Interior of boundary toroidal balloon and lifting aerostat is connected by fabric tube with valve. stiffness of structure is provided by boundary toroidal balloon supercharged with gas from lifting aerostats.

EFFECT: portable and quick-deployable device can be used in liftable and high-mountain parts of renewable energy and fresh water sources.

2 dwg


The invention relates to the field of renewable energy and fresh water and collections of atmospheric moisture.

Known terrestrial collections precipitation - reservoir that are used for irrigation and supply of fresh water. In addition, when the water discharge from the reservoir through a turbine with a generator we can get electricity.

The disadvantages are:

- on the flat artificial reservoirs impossible to raise high the water level to provide a high pressure on the turbine. Therefore, to obtain a large capacity, it is necessary to use large turbines. Even the reservoir occupy large areas, fill in with valuable land and roads. In the mountains (where there may be large differences) are not suitable locations for reservoirs and very expensive construction work;

the water in the reservoir is polluted with organic and solid impurities and requires treatment prior to consumption by the inhabitants.

In the patent RU 2407914C1 “Method and apparatus renewable production of electricity and clean water” (ed. Bibikow A. C. prior. 18.09.2009) it is proposed to raise the collection of precipitation using tethered balloons at the level of the clouds (3-4 km). This will allow a maximum water pressure (up to 300-400 ATM, as in modern diesel engines and steam that the bins!), that will allow you to get significant power with a compact high-speed turbines and generators and expensive almost distilled water. However, this patent describes the design of such flight collection.

The present invention is the maximum ease of collection when the maximum area of precipitation, minimum accumulation of water to reduce the required lifting force of the balloon, convenient remote fold it for easy and safe lifting and lowering device.

This is achieved by a special form of a fabric collector, the inflatable device to expand and collapse it in the raised condition.

To implement the invention using special varieties of cloth surfaces of rotation, ensuring minimal water retention in the collection, and filling deploys device the lifting gas from the balloon.

Figure 1 shows the device in working condition, and in Fig. 2 in assembled form.

The collection consists of a base fabric cloth 1 in the form of surfaces of revolution of a special form. Forming this surface has increased to the axis of rotation an angle to the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation. To the outer edge of the blade attached an inflated torus cylinder 2 with sbresny valve 3. The insides tore the ball is it 2 and a lifting balloon 4 fabric connected by a pipe 5 with a shutoff valve 6. Near the axis of rotation of the main fabric 1 is connected with a discharge pipe 7. Outside collection covered cable harness 8 associated with tethered cable 9 and the harness 10 of the lifting balloon 4.

Collection of folded (Fig. 2) with a deflated corovim cylinder 2 and is blocked by the valve 6 is lifted by the balloon 4. Folded view of the collection significantly reduces wind (including wind) load when lifting. After rising to the desired height the valve 6 is opened and the gas from the balloon 4 puffs tore the cylinder 2, while spreading out the main fabric 1 and giving the necessary rigidity.

Atmospheric moisture falls on the main deck and flows to the Central discharge pipe 7. To the thickness of the layer of water that accumulate to the vent pipe was not significantly increased, it is necessary to increase the water velocity in the layer closer to the axis and discharge pipe. This is achieved by the special form of the main canvas: an increase in the slope of the generatrix of the surface of rotation of the main blade to the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation, when approaching this axis. This form also reduces the lateral aerodynamic (wind) load compilation (compared, for example, conical). Particular cases of this form are catenoid, pseudosphere.

When the shutter overlaps the valve 6 and opens the discharge valve 3 tore the tank. Gas is C tore cylinder is discharged, he loses rigidity and the collection develops.

For filling tore cylinder can be used for more lifting the ball with a high pressure gas, other than gas mainly lifting the ball.

The main fabric can also be made of triangular or polygonal curved blanks-sectors of aerotone that when the connection between approximately describe the smooth form of flight collection. Very suitable for all surfaces of the collector to cause superhydrophobic coating to increase the speed of runoff water and guarantee mariliana drops of water weight collection. As the valve 6 can be used simple and easy pinch device on the fabric tube.

The technical result of the invention is in a given area of collecting atmospheric moisture minimum weight design with a minimum accumulation of water. This significantly reduces the required lifting force, the size and cost of the lift of the balloon. The design also ensures minimal aerodynamic resistance crosswinds during the ascent and descent (folded). The shape of the main blade in working condition also significantly reduces this resistance in comparison with a conical shape.

The collection can also be used in the high mountains as the hour is ü mobile source of energy and water, because of the ease it can be delivered to a great height without a special construction of roads and does not require a powerful attachment to the rocks.

Flight collection of atmospheric water containing the main fabric cloth collection, attached to the boundary torus cylinder, cable tie fastening to lifting the balloon and tie the rope, characterized in that the main fabric canvas collection made in the form of surfaces of revolution with an increasing inclination of the generatrix to the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation when approaching this axis, and the inside of the boundary torus of the container and lifting balloon tied a cloth tube with valve.


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