Multifunctional stand-alone hybrid charging station
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to renewable energy sources and intended for generation of electric energy for charging of hybrid and electric cars as well as cars with flywheel-type energy storage units. The multifunctional stand-alone hybrid charging station (MSAHCS) may be used as a stand-alone power plant for production and household use by consumers, video monitoring of the environment, instrument monitoring of meteorological and ecological situation in the location area. In MSAHCS the correlation between elements of its design is introduced and also the functional interaction of the above elements is given.
EFFECT: invention allows charging of hybrid and electrical cars and flywheel-type energy storage units independently from conventional energy sources; joint use of renewable sources of solar energy, geothermal energy and wind energy any time any day in the year round; effective recovery of electric energy from the MSAHCS shaded side using helio-spotlights as well as weather and environment monitoring; hot water supply for the MSAHCS needs.
10 cl, 6 dwg
Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station (MAGESS) refers to renewable energy sources Solar, wind and geothermal energy, and is designed to generate electricity with the aim of electrical charging of hybrid, electric and having a flywheel energy storage cars. MAGESS can be used as a stand-alone power plant in the interests of household and industrial consumers, as well as monitor weather and environmental conditions.
Well-known solar power plant [patent RU No. 2141606, 20.06.1996,] containing the receiver of solar radiation focusing device, semiconductor converters, a refrigeration system with steam. The disadvantage of this invention is to produce electricity during daylight hours only, the presence of a complex device of the steam generator with the friction parts that will eventually lead to their deterioration and loss of efficiency, in addition, the device requires constant maintenance and repair.
You know the invention of the [patent RU No. 2395758, 27.07.2010,] related to solar power plants with solar concentrators and tracking systems used in the composition of power plants designed to produce electricity by photoelectrical the conversion of solar energy. Solar power plant includes an array of continuously tracking the sun PV installations placed in a rectangular grid oriented from North to South and from West to East. The disadvantage of this invention is the large area occupied by the photoelectric converters, the inability to generate electricity in cloudy weather and at night.
Known utility model [patent RU No. 106309 from 10.07.2011,] , comprising: a tower in the form of a confuser-diffuser; circular solar-vortex hub having at least two input Windows; outer rotor of the wind energy installation with vertical and horizontal blades; inner vane turbine; slow magneto generator; heat pumping station; a ring magnet radial magnetization, which is installed on the top edge of the tower; power fastening elements of the external rotor of the wind energy installation and the inner blade of a wind turbine. The disadvantage of this utility model is the fact that painted the selective paint the outer surface of the tower serves only to heat the upward flow of air inside the tower and does not provide for the generation of electricity from solar radiation. In addition, the internal turbine blade may e the one to produce electricity when the speed of the upward flow of air inside the tower in the range of 8-12 m/s, which is achieved when the absolute difference of temperature of the lower and upper parts of the tower at 40°-45°C in the hottest time of the year when ambient temperatures over 30° is not always possible to achieve. It should also be noted that the horizontal external rotor blades of wind power installations are not fully perceive the exiting air flow from the diffuser of the tower, as it is removed from the top edge of the cone.
You know the invention of the [patent RU No. 2440543 from 20.01.2012,] based on the use of alternative energy sources (solar energy, geothermal energy, and wind) and contains: kousari, United in the circular to allow the unit from 6-16 and more fitting solar collectors; tower, painted highly selective black paint used for heated vertical air flow; device loading, stowage and unloading of bulk material; wind power installation rotor type with a vertical axis of rotation; a turbine and generator, are used to convert the energy of the air flow and wind energy into electrical energy, which is used to supply nakaplivaemykh energy other objects of the agro-industrial complex. At the same time, this setup can be a source of alternative energy and offline to provide nakaplivat the diversified energy other objects. The main disadvantage of this invention is the low efficiency of the pebble battery heat in the winter months, the lack of photovoltaic solar modules on the outside of the tower in order to more fully use solar radiation to generate electricity.
The General lack of utility model  and invention  is: lack of effectiveness of the use of solar radiation on the shadow side of the tower; solar-vortex hub (circular to allow the unit) is used only for heating of air and the formation of a vortex inside the tower. The use of these structures, photovoltaic panels are not provided.
The prior art also known solar power plant (SPP) [SU # 1687113 from 30.10.1991,] , in which along with the solar panels is used to wind the motor. EMS generates electricity during the day and sends current to the static Converter, and wind motor (HP) generates electricity when the wind during both day and night, and transmits it to the static Converter. SPP and HP can work separately. The main disadvantage of this technical solution is the lack of production VD electricity at any time of the day when wind speed is less than 3 m/s it Should be noted that for an average strip of Russia, the majority and the known structures of wind turbines start to generate electricity when the wind speed is more than 7 m/s
As a prototype adopted patent  as the closest technical solution and entities, as well as the result achieved by the present invention.
An object of the invention is: maximize use of solar energy, wind and Earth in order to obtain regardless of the weather and time of day free electricity for charging batteries of hybrid and electric vehicles; supply electric power to other devices MAGESS providing environmental monitoring and electrical balance of power and battery charging; the production of hot water due to the removal of heat from the collector of copper pipes. Sharing the energies of Sun, wind and Earth involves providing year-round Autonomous work MAGESS.
This technical result is achieved:
- by creating at any time of the year the constant vortex flow of air within the BKD using circular curved confuser-swirl, which operates as a solar collector for heating air inlet BKD;
- use a heat pump that provides heating of the air flow inside a circular curved confuser-swirl due to heat transfer between the copper piping is peralejo collector with hot coolant and copper (aluminum) base circular curved confuser-swirl;
- location in the lower part (plane) BKD cone swirl with a wound on its outer surface copper piping for teplonasosy fluid and the presence of gap junction swirl, located at a distance of not less than 1 m from the critical section that allows you to hold and stabilize the vortex inside BKD;
- location in the upper part of BKD at a distance of 1 m from the critical section axial-vane swirl with curved blades;
- the use of tandem photosonics modules (TFSM)which is a thin film of a new generation, made of amorphous silicon (a-Si) and combined with microprotocol silicon thin film (µc-Si) in a single tandem module (a-Si/µc-Si). In the production TFSM new tandem technology uses two layer film is a thin film of amorphous silicon and micropatronage silicon film that is applied onto the glass substrate. A layer of amorphous silicon converts into electrical energy visible part of the spectrum of the sun, and micropatronage film converts the sun's energy invisible infrared spectrum (source  http://www.corporation22.com);
- the influence of solar radiation on TFSM that serve lid is circular collector-swirl, while the produced electricity and ignoreme is but heated air, providing thrust generation of a vortex flow inside BKD;
- transformation of the energy of a vortex flow into electrical energy using domestic wind energy plant with blades counter-rotation associated with the outer and inner rotors, which provides aerodynamic orientation verolavecchia these rotors;
- at least two horizontal external verolavecchia fixed through the overrunning clutch on the axis of the inner rotor of an internal turbine counter-rotation;
- the horizontal location of the external blades directly on the diffuser outlet;
the presence of hard links in the form of rods of rectangular configuration between the outer ends of the horizontal blades and horizontal blades, URVAU fixed to the upper movable ring support bearing;
- presence on the ends of the blades counter-rotation of permanent magnets with alternating poles and the windings of the coils opposite of these magnets on the internal and external surfaces of a critical section BKD;
- placement on the outer surface of BKD TFSM generating electricity when sunlight and excess heat through the copper substrate TFSM heat the air inside BKD, providing thrust inside BKD;
- the use of helioporacea for lighting the shadow of the hand circular curved confuser-swirl and BKD, which ensures maximum use of solar energy in the daytime;
- availability of facilities for charging and storing charged batteries in order to further their use for the needs MAGESS;
- installation of temperature sensors and light, providing reliable optimal performance MAGESS.
The claimed invention is illustrated by drawings: Fig.1 - General view MAGESS side; Fig.2 - location of URVAU and VDW; Fig.3 - location of parts MAGESS under BKD; Fig.4 - geoprojects in section; Fig.5 is a General view MAGESS from above; Fig.6 is a block diagram of the control MAGESS.
MAGESS consists of the following elements and devices: circular curved confuser-swirl 1 (hereinafter swirl 1); curvilinear vertical guide wall 2 of the swirler 1; circular TFSM 3, which is the upper cover of the curvilinear confuser-swirl 1; entrance window 4 with a safety net; the base 5 is made of copper (or aluminum) material, swirl 1; output window 6 swirl 1; BKD 7; critical section 8 BKD 7, here the term critical section, you should understand the minimum cross-sectional area in the transition zone confuser in the diffuser; the inner turbine counter-rotation (VDW) 9; outer rotor of the wind energy installation (URVAU) 10; vertical the s blade 11 of the aerodynamic profile of URVAU 10; horizontal blades 12 of the aerodynamic profile of URVAU 10; horizontal outer blades 13 of the airfoil WDW 9; blades counter-rotation 14 WDW 9; inclined blades 15 of the airfoil, URVAU 10, and the number of blades listed in the design MAGESS from 2 to 12 depending on the task and meteorological conditions location; the rods 16 rectangular configuration connecting the horizontal blades 12 URVAU 10 with external blades 13 WDW 9; weather station 17; CCTV camera 18; swirl cone 19; copper tube 20, which is wound on the outer surface of the swirl cone 19; block-replaceable and non-replaceable batteries (AKB) 21; overrunning clutch 22; thrust bearing 23 URVAU 10 (Fig.2), containing the top ring 24 with two parallel circular grooves on the lower plane, intended for bearing balls 26; movable ring 25, having two parallel circular grooves on its upper and lower planes intended for bearing balls 26; the lower ring 27 with two parallel circular grooves on the upper surface under the bearing balls 26; permanent magnets 28; winding coils 29; power elements 30 for mounting the shaft of the inner and outer casing rotor WDW 9; permanent magnets 31, secured to the ends of the blades of the counter in the stop 14 WDW 9; winding coils 32 located on the inner side of BKD 7 in a critical section 8; axial-vane swirl with curved blades 33, mounted at least 1 m from the critical section 8; the outer rotor 34 WDW 9 containing the winding coils (not shown); the inner rotor 35 WDW 9, containing magnets with alternating poles (not shown); the heat pump 36; spiral manifold 37 for teplonasosy liquid, made of copper tubes underneath the copper (or aluminum) base 5 swirl 1; insulation 38 of the manifold 37; external the surface 39 BKD 7; TFSM 40 located on the outer surface 39 BKD 7; solenoid 41; circulation pump 42; the solenoid 43; the heat exchanger 44 of the tank 45 for hot water supply; pipes pipes 46 for hot and cold water; ground water heat exchanger 47; a heat exchanger 48 of the heat pump 34; choke 49; the compressor 50 of the heat pump 36; power distribution Board 51; cable-motor 52 (one or more), which is a flexible cable, one end of which is connected to an electric motor used to spin the flywheel energy storage hybrid cars; cable connector 53, which provides a flexible cable, one end of which is connected to electrical connector (one or more)that serves to charge the Accu is Ostrov and electric cars; helioporacea 54 (two or more), designed to illuminate the shadow side of the multi-Autonomous hybrid electrocardiol station, the internal cavity of each helioporacea is a hemisphere with a mirrored inner surface; rails 55; cart 56; the turntable 57; PLANO-convex lens circular 58; optically active dome 59; convex hexagonal lens 60; convex secondary lens 61; light sensor 62; case 63 helioporacea 54 with an inner mirror surface; a biconcave lens 64, located in the center of a spherical cavity with a mirror inner surface of helioporacea 54; supports 65 helioporacea 54 (two or more); horizontal the shaft 66 helioporacea 54; hydraulic telescopic cylinders 67 hydraulically driven from the gear pump; bearing balls 68 turntable 57; a gear wheel 69; gear 70; motor drive 71 to rotate the platform 57; electric motor drive the wheels 72 of the movable trolley 56; wheel 73 of the movable trolley 56; track 74; temperature sensors (not shown), mounted on copper substrate TFSM (3, 40) and in the tank 45; electronic control unit 75; information screen 76.
Work MAGESS as follows: the sun's rays affect TFSM 3, 40, in the rabatyvaetsya electricity, which through the electronic control unit 75 is sent to the block-replaceable and non-replaceable battery 21; shadow side TFSM 3, 40, BKD 7 and swirl 1 light period in the automatic mode is heliotropiaceae 54, which allows maximum use of solar radiation for conversion into electrical energy; at the same time the sun's rays heat up TFSM 3, 40, through which the copper substrate transfer heat to the inside of the swirl 1 and confused part BKD 7, built up in there air, heating the air inside the swirler 1 is also provided with a heat pump 36 by pumping teplonasosy fluid through the spiral manifold 37 by means of the compressor 50 and inductor 49; collector 37 transmits heat to the copper (or aluminum) base 5 and the copper tubes 20; heated air in the swirler 1 and confused part BKD 7 tends to rise upwards due to the temperature difference at the inlet and outlet inside BKD 7 that creates cravings; the resulting thrust of the air increases due to the formation of vortex flows curved vertical guide walls 2 swirl 1, the swirl cone 19 with copper pipes 20, which is wound on the outer surface, and an axial vane swirler with curved blades 33, mounted at least 1 m from critical section 8; in the walking vortex air flow axial velocity of 8 m/s, which is calculated based on the parameters of the vortex, height BKD 7 and the temperature difference between inlet and outlet BKD, acts on the blade counter-rotation 14 WDW 9, bringing them in counter rotation; entrance window 4 provide the volume of air flow for the formation of the upward vortex flow of air required power required for operation WDW 9; protective grid of the input window 4 serves to prevent the ingress of birds and large insects into the cavity of the swirler 1; blades counter-rotation 14, which kinematically belong to the external rotor 34, containing the windings of the coils are rotated in one direction, and the blades counter-rotation 14, kinematically connected with the inner rotor, which contains magnets with alternating poles rotate in the opposite direction; as a result, the impact of the rising vortex air flow blades 14 WDW 9 are provided in the counter rotation when the relative speed of rotation of the magnets and the windings of the coil is doubled, so the produced electricity when the axial velocity of the vortex air flow of 5 m/s; the blades of the counter-rotation 14 WDW 9 under the influence of rising air also produce electricity by moving permanent magnets 31 near the windings of the coils 32, the electric power through the electronic control unit 7 is also used for charging the unit replaced and a non-replaceable battery 21; coming out of the diffuser vortex air flow acts on the outer blades 13 of the airfoil, which rotates through the rods 16 pass the initial torque on URVAU 10, which makes it susceptible to wind speeds of 2.5 m/s; to increase the capacity and stiffness of URVAU 10 is facilitated by the presence in the design of inclined blades 15 of the airfoil, which connect the ends of the vertical blades 11 of the aerodynamic profile of URVAU 10 with a movable ring 25 support bearing 23 URVAU 10; air flow affects the vertical blades 11 of the airfoil, 12 horizontal and inclined 15, which results in rotational movement of the URVAU 10 together with a movable ring 25; movable ring 25 rotates on the bearing balls 26 arranged in parallel circular grooves between the upper ring 24 and the lower ring 27 support bearing 23 URVAU 10; rotation of the movable ring 25 permanent magnets 28 located on both sides interact with the windings of the coils 29, located on the still rings, and produce electricity, which is transported through the electronic control unit 75 in the block-replaceable and non-replaceable battery 21, is charging; external horizontal blades 13 of the airfoil connected with the shaft of the inner rotor 35 VDV is 9 through overrunning clutch 22, which, in turn, at a wind speed of 10 m/s combines the power VDW 9, URVAU 10 that provides optimum power production, in this case, the maximum energy is used from the axial vortex flow inside BKD 7 and speed of the wind; the overrunning clutch 22 when the wind speed is less than 10 m/s separates the shaft of the inner rotor 35 WDW 9 from outer blades 13, in this case WDW 9, URVAU 10 produce electricity, functioning separately; vertical 11, 12 horizontal, inclined 15 blades of URVAU 10 and horizontal external the blades 13 of the airfoil is oriented so that their rotation was carried out in the same direction as the inner rotor 35 WDW 9; production of hot water is carried out usually in the warmer months, when solar energy is enough to heat the air inside the swirler 1 and BKD 7, at this time the heat pump is disabled; the excess heat removed from the spiral manifold 37 by changing the way of leveling teplonasosy fluid, in this case, the solenoid 41 is activated by the electronic unit 75 according to the testimony of heat sensors located on copper substrates TFSM 3, 40, and copper (or aluminum) base 5, as a result talanoa fluid in the heat pump does not enter; simultaneously, the electronic unit 7 includes a solenoid 3, which directs theplanetary the liquid in the reservoir 44, located in the tank 45 with heated water; after heat exchange talanoa fluid pump 43 is fed into a manifold 37 and the cycle repeats; selection of hot water and cold water in the tank battery is through the nozzles 46 (the MOUNTAINS. HALL); the meteorological station 17 and CCTV camera 18 located in the upper part of BKD 7, in real-time transmit information about temperature, humidity, wind speed, visibility on the roads within the technical capabilities of the cameras, as well as the condition of the surrounding area to prevent threats of different origin; information from the weather station 17, the cameras 18 and the condition of charge of the electric current block is replaceable and non-replaceable battery 21 is transmitted through the electronic control unit 75 for information an electronic screen 76; cable-motor 52 and the cable connector 53 connected to the distribution electrical panel 51 and managed with electronic unit 75, ensure the promotion of hybrid spermaholics, as well as the charging of electric cars.
Helioporacea 54 provide lighting shadow side TFSM 3, 40, BKD 7 and swirl 1 light period in the automatic mode, as follows: the sun's rays, through optically active dome 59, with a view of half of the s Torah, composed of convex hexagonal lens 60, the flat part focused inside helioporacea 54, and through the PLANO-convex lens circular 58 parallel rays penetrate into the spherical cavity of the housing 63 with a mirror surface and reach a biconcave lens 64, located in the center of the spherical cavity; reflected from the mirror surface of the housing 63 and a biconcave lens 64 solar rays are directed on the convex secondary lens 61, which collects convex part reflected the sun's rays and parallel rays directs them to the shadow part MAGESS; light detectors 62, located on the shadow side BKD 7 and helioporacea 54, the signals from electronic control unit 75 to switch on the motor drive 71 turntable 57, the rotation of which is effected by the interaction of the gear 70 and the gear wheel 69, is also fed the signal to the electric motor, the drive wheels 72 of the movable trolley 56, which provides the rotation of the wheels 73, the last move geoprojects 54 on the track 74, thus, there is a light shadow side MAGESS in automatic mode; the light regulation of the shadow side MAGESS in the vertical plane is hydraulic (pneumatic) telescopic cylinders 67 driven by Sestiere the aqueous pump (not shown); charging hybrid and electric cars is a cable-motor 52 and the cable connector 53, which receives electricity from the electrical panel 76, the electrical panel 76, in turn, receives the electricity from the unit replaceable and non-replaceable battery 21 through the electronic control unit 75.
The invention allows: regardless of traditional energy sources in any time of the day year-round to hold electric charge hybrid and electric vehicles, and vehicles with flywheel energy storage; share of renewable energy sources of the sun, Earth and wind; effectively extract electrical energy from TFSM on the shady side MAGESS using helioporacea; monitor weather conditions and environmental results monitoring information on the screen; to provide hot water for the needs MAGESS.
1. Solar power plant. Patent RU No. 2141606 from 20.06.1996,
2. Solar power plant. Patent RU No. 2395758 from 27.07.2010,
3. Hybrid alternative energy installation. Patent RU No. 106309 from 10.07.2011,
4. Autonomous energy efficient drying of bulk materials. Patent RU No. 2440543 from 20.01.2012,
5. Energy-accumulating unit for heating greenhouses. Patent SU # 1687113 from 30.10.1991,
6. With the solar power station: [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.corporation22.com.
1. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station, containing a tower-shaped confuser-diffuser, heat pump, circular curvilinear confuser-swirl, domestic wind turbine, the outer rotor of the wind energy installation, characterized in that the inner turbine has blades counter-rotation, external rotor which is placed a winding of the coils, and on the inner rotor permanent magnets; at the ends of the blades of the counter-rotation of the fixed permanent magnets, and in front of them in a critical section on the inner side of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser placed winding coils; outer rotor wind power installation has inclined blades and the outer blades kinematically belong to her and internal turbine counter-rotation; the outer surface of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser, and a circular curved confuser-swirl covered tandem fotosolnechnaya modules; cone swirl air flow from the wound on its outer surface copper tubes for teplonasosy fluid placed in the lower part of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser; axial-vane swirl with curved blades placed at a distance of not less than 1 m from the critical section is the inside of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser; applied helioporacea with optically active domes in the shape of half of a torus; in each helioporacea contains a circular PLANO-convex lens, medium PLANO-convex lens and a biconcave lens, and a biconcave lens located in the centre of a spherical cavity of all helioporacea; lighting the shadow side of the multi-Autonomous hybrid electrocardiol station is heliotropiaceae; truck helioporacea have actuators on the rotary platform and the wheels of trucks; the presence of one or more cable-motor and the cable connector; an input window in a circular curved confuser the swirl equipped with a protective grid.
2. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that the horizontal outer blades and the inclined blades of the outer rotor of the wind energy installation has an aerodynamic profile.
3. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that the outer petrolati fixed through the overrunning clutch on the shaft of the inner rotor of a wind turbine, which has the blades counter-rotation.
4. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 3, characterized in that the external horizontal lop the STI is connected to the horizontal lobes of the outer rotor of the wind energy installation rods of rectangular profile.
5. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 3, characterized in that the horizontal blades are located directly at the exit of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser.
6. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that the light sensors are located on the shady side of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser, and on top of helioporacea, temperature sensors placed on copper substrates tandem photovoltaic solar modules and tank battery.
7. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that under the tower in the form of a confuser-diffuser in the office placed the battery pack.
8. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that the optically active dome helioporacea composed of conjugate convex hexagonal lens, a flat part directed inward optically active dome.
9. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 6, characterized in that a circular PLANO-convex lens helioporacea flat part is directed inward, and the average PLANO-convex lens, a flat part facing outward spherical cavity GE is iprojector.
10. Multi-Autonomous hybrid electrotherapy station p. 1, characterized in that the data on weather conditions, the environment passed to the meteorological station and the surveillance cameras that were placed on the outer surface at the top of the tower, having the form of a confuser-diffuser.
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to maintain the comfort of air parameters in low-rise buildings, mainly on livestock farms. The system of helio-thermo-cold supply comprises the southern, made of the material absorbing solar radiation, and northern air ducts located on respective sides of the building, the heat accumulator which forms with the floor of the building the underground air duct which communicates with the southern, as well as located under the heat accumulator one above the other heat exchanging and ground air ducts the first of which communicates with the northern, and the other is provided with the ground heat-conducting tubes, and the system is equipped with a vortex tube located in the heat accumulator, communicated with its inlet to the underground air duct, with the cold duct - with the room, and hot - through the heat accumulator to the ground air duct, the outputs of the underground and the ground air ducts are connected to the cold duct of the vortex tube, and behind the place of their connection the filter is mounted, and the southern and northern air ducts are communicated with the atmosphere, and heat exchanger - with the room, and the system is equipped with a thermoelectric generator, made in the form of a housing and a set of differential thermocouples, and the passageway for hot coolant is located in the housing and the passageway for the cold coolant, moreover, the inlet pipe of the passageway for the hot coolant is connected by the channel of hot flow of the vortex tube, and with its outlet pipe - with the ground air duct, at that the inlet pipe of the passageway for the cold coolant is connected to the channel of the cold flow of the vortex tube, with its output pipe - to the room.
EFFECT: reducing the power consumption of the system of helio-thermo-cold supply by using the temperature difference of cold and hot flows of the vortex tube to generate electricity by the thermoelectric generator.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to methods and devices for providing energy to remote agricultural facilities not equipped with stationary energy supply. The method of fan concentration of solar power lies in fan concentration of solar irradiation, and the concentrated irradiation with one concentrator with a mirror reflector is transmitted to the next one. The device of fan concentration of solar power comprises paraboloidal concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. Summation of the energy of solar irradiation is carried out by fan set of the predetermined number of concentrators with mirror reflectors in focus. The predetermined receiving power of solar irradiation is obtained by calculation of the required number of fan concentrators.
EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of the method.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: solar-wind water distiller comprises a reservoir for water desalination, a transparent condenser installed above it with a nozzle for outlet of the steam and air mixture in the upper part with a propeller installed in it and fixed on the shaft of the wind engine. A non-transparent condenser is installed above the transparent one, being connected in the upper part with a circulating pipeline, which ends with a circular distributor in the reservoir. A conical tube is fixed to the shaft on the lower and upper crosspieces, and the tube has helical triangular thread on the outer surface in the direction opposite to the rotation of the disc, with which it is partially connected. On the surface of the non-transparent condenser there are toroids, which are hydraulically communicated by pipes with a chute communicated with a pipeline with a reservoir of fresh water.
EFFECT: water distiller, if wind is available, will also work at night time.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: photoelectric thermal system comprises at least one solar heat collector, a pipeline of liquid supply into a solar heat collector. a pipeline of liquid drain from the solar heat collector into an accumulator tank (thermos). At the same time the pipeline of liquid supply into the solar heat collector is connected at least with one photoelectric heat module arranged at the level that is lower than the solar heat collector and connected in series with it. Supply of the liquid into the photoelectric heat module is carried out via the pipeline from the discharge tank installed above the level of the solar heat collector, at least into one of pipelines a solenoid valve is mounted, there is at least one heat relay with a sensor individual for the photoelectric heat module or the solar heat collector. Control contacts of the solenoid valve are connected and switched with the help of a heat relay, at the same time the solar heat collector and the photoelectric heat module are made in the form of receivers of solar radiation, which represent reservoirs that have the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, and on the working surface of the reservoir of the photoelectric heat module there is a battery of solar elements, inside of the reservoirs of the photoelectric heat module and the solar heat collector in parallel to the working surface with a gap relative to it there is a partition that does not reach the upper and lower wall of the reservoir.
EFFECT: usage of the invention makes it possible to generate electric energy and thermal energy, which will make it possible to provide for power supply of facilities of agricultural and individual purpose.
4 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to solar engineering and can be used for carrying out chemical reactions. A solar power plant for chemical reactions includes branch pipes and a heater. The plant includes a cubic working chamber with a transparent opening, inside which a porous body is located, which is supported on both sides with branch pipes in the form of tubes, an upper branch pipe for initial reagents, and around the lower branch pipe there located is a spiral-shaped heat exchanger that is connected to cooling agent supply and discharge tubes; besides, hot cooling agent discharge from the housing is performed, and to the chamber there additionally installed from above is a branch pipe for discharge of gaseous reaction products with the spiral-shaped heat exchanger.
EFFECT: possibility of carrying out reactions between different reagents and improving use efficiency of renewed energy sources at carrying out high-temperature reactions.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: multipurpose solar power plant (hereinafter referred to as MSPP) refers to renewable power sources, and namely to use of solar radiation to generate electric power, provide hot water supply and natural illumination of rooms of different applications, which contains the following: an optically active transparent dome representing a rectangular biconvex lens, a photovoltaic panel, a solar collector, round flat horizontal dampers of hollow light guides, hollow light guide tubes, a heat-receiving copper plate of the solar collector, a solar light dissipator, micromotors of round flat horizontal dampers of hollow light guide tubes, round light-emitting-diode lamps, storage batteries, light and temperature sensors, an electronic control unit, a control panel, a storage tank, a heat exchanger, a pump, a check valve, six-sided copper pipelines, an inverter and a support with support racks to support MSPP structure.
EFFECT: reduction of financial costs for conventional electric power, conversion of the solar power to electric and thermal power, for natural illumination of rooms of different applications and as energy-active roofs of different buildings.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: in a solar module with a concentrator comprising a transparent focusing prism with an angle of complete inner reflection
EFFECT: increased optical efficiency of a module, reduced optical losses during re-reflection of radiation and increased coefficient of solar radiation concentration.
10 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: solar module with a concentrator consists of a solar radiation receiver and a cylindrical solar concentrator, the reflecting surface of which is formed with rectangular mirror-reflecting plates-facets. Facets are installed so that solar beam L1 lying in the cross-sectional plane of concentrator and having a deviation from target direction to the Sun, which is equal to accuracy of the tracking system, and after it is reflected on the facet edge that is the closest one to the receiver, it falls down to the boundary of concentrated solar radiation zone on the receiver surface, which is located far from it, and width of facets is such that beam L2 that is symmetrical to the first beam L1 relative to target direction falls down to the nearest boundary of concentrated radiation zone after it is reflected on the opposite facet edge.
EFFECT: more uniform distribution of solar radiation along the receiver surface; improving optical effectiveness of a concentrator; increasing average annual power generation and reducing its prime cost.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: in the method to manufacture a reflecting device of a solar station including web rolling, its installation into the body of the reflecting device and its further tensioning with a force determined in accordance with the empirical formula:
EFFECT: reduced mass and cost of a reflecting device due to reduction of mass and cost of a reflecting element through usage of a metal tape with smaller thickness as the base.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: design of a flexible photoelectric module represents the following serially arranged components: a lower bearing film, a lower reinforcing layer, a lower fastening film, electrically connected solar elements, an upper fastening film, an upper reinforcing layer and an upper bearing film. The lower and upper bearing and fastening films are made of material, which is transparent for sun light. Reinforcing layers are perforated films from anti-adhesive material, which are transparent for sun light, or which are coated with a layer of an anti-adhesive material, where perforation is arranged in the form of regularly arranged holes.
EFFECT: provision of reversible deformation of a photoelectric module plane simultaneously in two and more directions.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant has a circuit for circulation of working fluid. The circuit comprises steam generator provided with branch pipes for supplying fluid and discharging steam, steam turbine combined with the electric generator, regenerative heater with branch pipes for supply and discharge of heating and heated fluids, circulation pump for pumping fluid, circuit for circulation of heat carrier tank for exhaust heat carrier, and circulation pump for heat-transfer agent. The solar receiver is made of independent sections interconnected in parallel. The heat carrier circulation circuit is provided with pressure vessel.
EFFECT: enhanced serviceability and simplified design.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: solar power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: solar power plant includes solar battery having at least two solar heat collector mutually joined through branch pipe. Said collectors are provided with individual heat pickups and individual pipelines for discharging hot water out of them through connection branch pipes. Shut-off devices are mounted in zones of crossing of branch pipes and pipelines. Pipeline for supplying water from accumulating tank to solar battery includes water pump; accumulating tank includes two heat exchangers of different volumes. Heat exchanger of large volume is designed for water used for heating; heat exchanger of small volume is designed for water used for domestic purposes. Solar heat collector includes transparent panel; heat absorbing panel in the form of set of parallel metallic tubes for liquid heat transfer agent connected with lower surface of metallic radiant-energy absorbing sheet; heat insulation layer and supporting heat insulation panel. Parallel metallic tubes of heat absorbing panel are pressed-in to metallic radiant energy absorbing sheet, they are arranged along short sides of said sheet and mutually connected by means of tubes arranged along long sides of sheet. Supporting heat insulation panel, heat insulation layer, heat absorbing and transparent panels are fluid-tightly connected one to other for forming rigid structure construction, for example with use of bolts. On upper and lower surface of said construction along its perimeter metallic or polymeric shapes are mounted.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of using solar energy.
17 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: solar power plant comprises concentrator, receiver of solar radiation, and accumulator. The concentrator is made of a transparent sphere filled with a transparent liquid for concentrating the light beam at the receiver of solar beams. The heat accumulator is provided with a coil.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified structure, and reduced cost.
FIELD: solar wind power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heater comprises electric generator with wind wheel, tail beam of rectangular cross-section, shaft, and tail assembly which is composed of two or more rhomboid panels provided with photoelectrical transducers from their sides. The ring water accumulator is mounted in the bottom section of the shaft and connected with the photoelectrical transducers. The rectangular water accumulator is connected with the electric generator. The cells filled with a heat accumulating agent are connected with the electric heaters mounted inside the accumulators. The temperature of phase transition of the agent should be within the range of operation temperatures of the accumulators.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: development of power plants using solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method depends on conversion and storage of solar energy including generation of heat energy used to set air in rotary motion within solar collector wherein air ducts are organized, disposed in parallel, and connected in series with motion of energy-saturated air flow. Each of such ducts accommodates group of local tilted surfaces whereon sun rays are incident through light-translucent heat-insulating material, and controlled heat fluxes of process working medium conveyed from solar energy converters and accumulators of various types and potential levels are at the same time supplied to these ducts. In the process temperature irregularities occur within solar collector and its air ducts with the result that steady revolving air flows are set up both along air ducts and in their sectional areas, as well as in surface areas encouraging turbulent vortex motions.
EFFECT: enhanced power generation ensured by proposed method.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to small power engineering using renewable energy sources- Sun, wind, lifting of warm air upwards, difference of atmospheric pressure throughout the height.
SUBSTANCE: The electric power station has an accumulator of solar power and a tower which is equipped with aerodynamic facilities for transformation of solar and wind energy in electric power.
EFFECT: creation, building and exploitation of solar-vacuum electric power station in small towns and inhabited localities instead of diesel power stations and boiler rooms on solid fuel, transfer from hot-water heating to electric heating on a moderate price for inhabitants and local production allows to brighten economy of these settlements.
FIELD: solar power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method is used for transforming sunbeam energy to thermal energy. Method is performed by means of sequent connection of solar beam concentrators. One of concentrators is composed of a field of local concentrators, which are built in heat-insulating lightproof material. The material embraces internal room of sunbeam-absorbing chamber. Built-in concentrators and sunbeam conductors have to be basically hollow truncated pyramids which have faces covered with beam-reflecting material. Bases of pyramids are closed by transparent heat-insulating material The second sunbeam concentrator has to be external one. Those concentrators preliminary have shape of truncated pyramid with faces covered with light-reflecting material. The third level of solar-beam pumping of sunbeam-absorbing chamber is created additionally due to creation of total filed of external sunbeam-reflecting surfaces in environment at different distances from sunbeam-absorbing chamber.
EFFECT: reduced cost of multistep pumping of solar power to sunbeam-absorbing chamber.
26 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: power engineering and agriculture, applicable in production of a universal power carrier-hydrogen.
SUBSTANCE: the solar energy concentrator in the sea-based bioenergetic complex is made in the form of a pontoon frame with a heat-insulating membrane located inside it and supported by flexible pontoons, a lengthened reactor with biomass spores is installed on the membrane and heat-exchange pipes of thermocompressors positioned on the pontoons of the pontoon frame, also installed in which are saturators, biomass and water separators, methane-producing generators, nuclear reactors for heating of steam delivered to the converters from the thermocompressors to high temperatures, and a tank for storage of gases and water, and the outer side of the pontoon frame is additionally provided with coiled reactors with biomass spores supported by the flexible pontoons.
EFFECT: provided salvaging of carbon dioxide and production of hydrogen.
FIELD: heat-storage materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mixtures capable of accumulating heat energy and relevant solar energy transformers. Heat-storage material according to invention contains silicon dioxide, 3-5% of liquid soda glass, and 50-82% of VO2+x wherein x=0-0.5. Material is prepared by compacting mixture of vanadium dioxide VO2+x and silica in presence of liquid soda glass as binder followed by solidification at 150-200°C. Summary heat when using combined transformer including phase transformation heat (α-VO2 ↔ β-VO2) and oxygen adsorption-desorption heat of mechano-chemically treated VO2+x may reach 250 J/g.
EFFECT: increased heat-storage capacity.
8 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: production or use of heat, particularly equipment, which uses solar and wind energy to obtain hot water in south territories.
SUBSTANCE: heating plant comprises body, vessel with floating heating member arranged in the vessel, inlet and outlet connection pipes. The heating member is made as disc and provided with hollow ring connected to disc perimeter. The hollow ring is filled with heat-accumulation substance. The disc is fastened to inner vessel surface by means of elastic corrugated film. Piezoelectric films are connected to upper body part and to sides thereof by means of metal frames. Coiled electric heating member is installed at inlet connection pipe top. The electric heating member is connected with piezoelectric film clips. Electric heating member is located in lower vessel part and is electrically linked to power board by wires.
EFFECT: increased current supply surface and increased solar radiation receiving surface.