FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: shutoff valve control system for vacuum drainage system comprises case accommodating first valve changed by accumulated effluents head over from first position in second one, first chamber with pressure adjustment by said first valve confined by first membrane engaged with second valve where through rarefaction or atmospheric pressure gets to shutoff valve. It comprises first connector to communicate first chamber with rarefaction source. Said connector at no head or insufficient head is shut off by first valve at its first position. At sufficient head, it is opened by first valve at its second position. Second connector to allow barometric pressure is connected with first chamber of, preferably, adjustable cross-section. Note here that first membrane, at sufficient rarefaction of said first chamber, along with second valve can change from first position communicating it with barometric pressure over to second position whereat said valve is communicated with rarefaction. First valve at its second position opening the first connector between rarefaction source and first chamber shuts off the second connector tuning to first chamber and located with barometric pressure. Note here that said first valve comprises starting membrane to shut off first connector at first valve first position and connected via mid element with starting membrane second membrane to shut off second connector at first valve second position. Mid position between starting membrane and second membrane is loaded by dynamic head. In compliance with another version, this system comprises first element and second valve engaged therewith. Position of the latter controls the operation of shut off valve that sucks off accumulated effluents by drainage system. Note here that dynamic head developed by accumulated effluents acts on the first valve to load mid space between starting head membranes that make the first assembly and first valve.
EFFECT: simplified design.
13 cl, 7 dwg
The invention relates to control systems for shut-off vacuum valve, designed for vacuum sewer systems, comprising a housing with an outer wall located in the first valve, switchable dynamic pressure created by the accumulated waste water from the first to the second position; limited to the first membrane, the first camera with adjustable pressure through the first valve, the first membrane is functionally connected with the second valve through which, depending on its position, the negative pressure or the atmospheric pressure is fed to the valve; a first connection through which the first camera can be connected with a vacuum source and which, when missing or too small the dynamic pressure is blocked by the first valve being in its first position, and when a sufficient dynamic pressure open the first valve being in its second position; leading to atmospheric pressure, is connected to the first chamber, preferably having an adjustable cross-section of a second connection, and when loaded with a sufficient negative pressure to the first chamber of the first membrane with a second valve can be switched from the first position connecting the valve to atmospheric pressure, a second position connecting the shut-off klapas exhaustion while the first valve is in its second position, opening a first connection between the vacuum source and the first camera overlaps the second connection leading to the first chamber and the load of atmospheric pressure.
To keep clean the reservoirs, it is necessary that water got into treatment plants. Often it is, however, impossible due to the disproportionately high costs of traditional sewer system or due to difficult local conditions, such as lack of natural inclination, low population density, adverse soil or crossing the water protection zone. But even for such problematic cases there is the possibility to produce discharge of waste water treatment plants when applied to the drain of underpressure or vacuum Sewerage".
The corresponding vacuum sewer system includes as the main component parts of the local distribution of wells with working without electricity system control and shut-off or shut-off valves connected to the piping system with orderly arranged high and low points, and vacuum station with collapsible tanks for waste water, sewage pumps, vacuum pumps, measuring and regulating devices.
For the transportation of waste water it is first flows under free-head of the buildings on the usual house piping to the sump, located, for example, on the boundary of the well, which are exclusively pneumatically controlled shut-off valves and the corresponding control system. With a sump connected embodying air gauging tube, while a prisoner in her air hydrostatically compressed accumulated in the sump fluid, so that a dynamic pressure.
Using the system control mechanism, given the dynamic pressure shut-off valve is opened and water is sucked into the vacuum pipeline. The valve closes depending on time after a few seconds, the force of the spring and vacuum.
Itself of waste water accumulates in low points in the piping system and gradually moves additionally, the incoming air in the direction of the vacuum station. Then the waste water from the collecting tank of the vacuum station conventional sewage pumps, pressure pipe and tubing with a free pressure is pumped to a water treatment facility. In a retention tank and in the pipe system, the vacuum is maintained by a vacuum generator, such as a vacuum pump.
Designed for shut-off valve control system must provide the ability to automatically adapt to subject the suction porcentajes water and operating conditions (for example, the power available rarefaction) in the drainage system.
The control system is known from DE-C-43 36 020, is extremely compact and structurally simple and has a high operational reliability. Thus there is practically independent of the level of available vacuum synchronized control, i.e., after the disappearance of the dynamic pressure if the liquid is sucked away, the control system closes the supply of vacuum to the shut-off valve after a preset period of time and shut-off valve is purged with ambient air, so that the shutoff valve is closed. Remaining after the extraction period of time before closing shut-off valve is required for inlet conveying air from the environment into the system vacuum. For operation of the system it would be desirable that the ratio of the volume of intake air and the intake of fluid was greater than the weaker of the available vacuum. The above-mentioned control device is distinguished, in particular, also the fact that he has time after opening required air inlet, remains approximately constant, and the volume of the sucked portion of the waste water becomes the smaller, the weaker the existing vacuum. Another advantage of this control device is to affect dramatically changing the state from the management so to the second Kapan, managing the connection with shut-off valve, could dramatically switch.
In addition, US-A-4373838 known control system, offered under the name "AIRVAC". In order for this system to get the opportunity synchronized control through the camera with adjustable pressure required hose of small diameter, which can easily be blocked, so that functionality is not always guaranteed, in particular, is not achieved when summed from the environment the air is dirty or wet. Also there is no one open/closed valve position, the transmitting vacuum to the shutoff valve. This means that with a weak vacuum can occur vibration shut-off valve. Also, do not specify clearly the amount of waste water or the mixture of waste water and air on one step of opening the shutoff valve. This may, in particular, when a large flow of waste water to cause functional impairment. In addition, the disadvantage is that the time sucking unfavorable for the entire system depends on the available dilution, as periods of time of discovery, for its part, depend on the available dilution. Thus, the opening at the small vacuum shorter than in a strong vacuum. Because of this, in private the tee, at low pressure and large accumulated in the sumps quantities of water there is a danger that the pipeline network will be flooded and thus will no longer function properly, because when a flooded system power vacuum continues to decline.
The drawback is that the opening of the second valve, opening the access of vacuum to the shut-off valve, can occur even at low pressure, which, however, is not always enough for a quick extraction. Because this increases the risk that waste water will be raised in the low-temperature region of the pipeline, and there may freeze.
From DE-A-3727661 known pneumatic control device for shut-off valve on the vacuum pipe for the waste water. To ensure accurate control and reliable operation of the control device, along with the first valve is controlled by the dynamic pressure, and structurally expensive device synchronized control requires at least one distribution valve and one valve minimum pressure.
The control system of the above kind is described in EP-A-1091053, she has a simple structure and ensures the impossibility of penetration of the liquid into the chamber and fill the vacuum.
Other systems driven by what I managed to vacuum shut-off valve described, for example, in EP-A-0649946, DE-A-10026843, DE-U-29616003 or DE-B-10 2006028732.
The present of the invention is to improve the management system of the aforementioned kind so that when more simplified compared with the known control systems, the design provides high reliability. At the same time should be provided to the impossibility of penetration or, respectively, the concentrations in the control system of the liquid, which affects the functional reliability. In another aspect it should be possible to modify the simple way to turn the valves and, thus, shut-off valve, so that the inclusion could occur when the desired dynamic pressure. Also, if necessary, it should be possible to manually switch the control system used to control the shut-off valve.
To solve this problem essentially provides that the first valve contains the starting membrane, through which may overlap the first connection in the first position of the first valve, and a second membrane, which is connected via an intermediate element with a starting membrane and through which may overlap the second connection in the second position of the first valve, and the intermediate space between the starting membrane and the second membrane mo which should be loaded by the dynamic pressure.
In General, the subject invention is a control system for isolating the vacuum Kapan designed for vacuum sewer systems and including the first valve and the second valve, depending on the position of which is controlled shut-off valve through which the accumulated water can be otkazyvatsa through the sewer system. For switching the first valve functionally connected with the second valve has created the accumulated waste water dynamic pressure, which loads the intermediate space between the starting membrane and the membrane of the dynamic pressure, forming a single node and the first valve.
In contrast to previously known constructions, the two forming one node of the membrane, namely the starting membrane and the second membrane, which can also be called the membrane of the dynamic pressure, to form a first valve through which, depending on established between the membranes of the dynamic pressure, the first chamber is loaded with vacuum or atmospheric pressure so that the second valve, which may be termed a valve, which allows the connection between the inlet vacuum piping and shut-off valve or overlap.
Essential for the invention constructive recognized which provides, what is the starting membrane, depending on its position, closes or opens the second chamber, which is located in the flow path between the vacuum source and the first chamber in the first connection and which is in the first position of the first valve connected to the vacuum source. For adjustment of the switching process, depending on the steady-state dynamic pressure according to the invention provides that the loading pressure acting on the starting membrane surface of the second camera can be adjusted by means of an element that is managed outside through the body.
In particular, it is provided that the second camera from the starting membrane has a circular bottom surface, which is limited perimeter sealing element, such as a round ring, and this sealing element acts are accessible from outside the housing mounting element intended for permutations of the sealing element. If, for example, the surface of the second chamber decreases, it is possible to detach the starting membrane seal and, thereby, moving the first valve at a lower dynamic pressure, more than the bottom surface of the second chamber.
Preferably, the adjusting element is located for movement in the channel opening, such as drilling, is AutoRAE the outer side of the can tightly closed. To allow certain changes in drilling can be entered pin elements of a certain length. However, there is also the possibility of using the item a screw-in drilling through a kind of screw to change the surface and fill the vacuum through the second chamber.
Starting membrane has a wavy geometry of the seal, which has a ring, U-shaped in cross section peripheral external plot, and even, in the form of flat seals internal area that can fit to the seal that restricts the second chamber.
Starting membrane may also be characterized by the fact that she was in his position, sealing the second chamber, in cross section has a U-shaped or made in the form of a double U geometry, preferably with the district L-shaped edge, whereby the starting membrane can be fixed in the first intermediate wall of the housing. The result is a geometry having the form of a glass with a convex outward peripheral wall.
From the lower wall of the starting membrane, called flat seal that goes around the center connected with the second intermediate membrane element intended for common permutations. For secure fastening it provides that the Central region is t inner side of the lower wall of leaves provided with a through hole inner ledge, which hermetically permeated preferably having the form of a trunnion pin element and connected to the first mount, which moves the second membrane.
In particular, it is provided that the second membrane moves away from the first plate mounting, which by means of an intermediate or, respectively, the pin element is connected with the starting membrane.
Limiting the first chamber, the first diaphragm should, in addition, also depart from mount called the second bracket, passing through the first chamber of the spring element is loaded by a force in the direction of the second intermediate wall, which is away from the first valve and through which passes the valve of the second valve.
The first membrane and is penetrated by the valve, a second intermediate wall limit third chamber which is connected to the inlet leading to the atmosphere. The spool extending from the enclosing first and second membrane attachment, creates, thus, depending on the position of the second valve, the connection between the third chamber and the fourth chamber, through which the second valve can be closed relative to the supply of vacuum or to connect with him. From the fourth camera moves also supply to shut-off valve.
When closed, the second valve through the vacuum supply RA is warning enters the second chamber, closed starting membrane is in the first position of the first valve. The first camera and the third camera is loaded with atmospheric pressure. Atmospheric pressure is also turned on starting from the membrane side of the second membrane, which restricts the fifth chamber closed from the outer side wall of the housing. The connection between the inlet of the atmosphere and the fifth camera is passing through the wall of the body channel, the atmosphere passes through the filter, connecting the fifth camera channels.
The fifth chamber is connected via a channel, also held in the housing wall, with the first camera. This camera is also connected through a channel penetrating the first intermediate wall, with the space, passing between the outer side of the starting membrane and the first intermediate wall.
If in the intermediate space between the starting membrane and the second membrane is installed with sufficient dynamic pressure, the starting membrane to the second membrane is moved to restrict the second chamber to the seal so that the vacuum could be transferred into the first chamber. Simultaneously with the second membrane closes the connecting channel between the fifth chamber and the first chamber. By reducing pressure in the first chamber while simultaneously continuing nehruji the AI atmospheric pressure in the first diaphragm facing away from the first chamber side, as well as using interchangeable in the fourth chamber of the valve plate of the second valve, which also operates the atmospheric pressure, but which, however, has a smaller surface than the first membrane loaded with effective pressure surface of the second attachment can be overcome the spring force applied by the spring to the first membrane or, respectively, its mounting, so that the second valve is moved, i.e., opens. Simultaneously through the valve is blocked, the connection between the third and fourth chambers, so now through the open second valve vacuum can get to the shutoff valve and, thus, turns it, since the valve plate closes the loaded first vacuum connection between the vacuum source and the first chamber while simultaneously loading the first chamber with the atmospheric pressure.
After the desired reduction of the dynamic pressure node of the starting membrane, a second membrane, which constitutes the first valve falls into its basic position and the seals the second chamber relative to the first chamber, so that its further loading of the vacuum does not occur. The vacuum itself is now reduced due to the more private second membrane channel, which connects the fifth camera is connected to the second atmospheric pressure, with the first camera. Due to this, the spring force can act on the first membrane or, respectively, its mount so that the second valve goes. At the same time, the atmospheric pressure is passed through is no longer blocked by the valve channel in the second intermediate wall to the flue from the fourth chamber inlet shut-off valve so that it actuates and closes.
In an improved embodiment of the invention provides that the valve in the axial direction provided with Pro valve plate ledge, whereby through a sealed opening in the housing is possible axial shifting of the valve when closed, the second valve, which makes it possible manual operation of the control system, thereby switching the shut-off valve.
In addition, the proposed invention the control system differs from the previously known constructions the fact that through the carts for the vacuum connected to the housing via a connecting pipe, shut-off valve and the atmosphere in the working position of the control system is oriented vertically, and United with them, the camera is focused on connecting pipes in such a manner that it can be accumulated liquid or condensate can CTE is the substance under the action of gravity. This applies at least third and fourth chambers.
Other details, advantages and features of the invention are described not only in the items contained in them signs, alone and/or in combination with each other, but in the preferred embodiments contained in the description below and the drawings.
It is shown:
Fig.1 - the first image in the cross-section of the control system in the absence of the dynamic pressure,
Fig.2 - the control system of Fig.1, in another image in cross section,
Fig.3 - the control system of Fig.1, in the presence of dynamic pressure before actuation of the distribution valve is integrated in the control system,
Fig.4 - the control system of Fig.1-3, when the outdoor distribution valve
Fig.5 - the control system of Fig.4, when the outdoor distribution valve, however, reduced the dynamic pressure,
Fig.6 - control system according to Fig.1, but with an open manually distribution valve, and
Fig.7 is a magnified image of the device management system designed for height adjustment of the dynamic pressure required to actuate the control system.
In Fig.1-6 shows images of longitudinal sections of the proposed invention the control system 10, which takes place the it control shut-off valve, designed for vacuum sewer systems.
Working without electricity, however, using Pneumatics, also called a universal control system, the control system 10 includes a stepped cylindrical housing 12, provided with a peripheral wall 14 and end walls 16, 18. In Fig.1 shows a control system 10 in its embedded position, so that the fittings or connecting pipes 20, 22, 24 are oriented vertically downwards. The connecting pipe 20, which takes place in the area shown on the right in the drawing, the end wall 18, is connected to the vacuum source of the vacuum sewer system. Vacuum hereinafter also referred to as vacuum.
Adjacent pipe 22 leads to a shut-off valve, and passing in the area of the left end wall 16 of the pipe 24 connects with the atmospheric pressure. In addition, there is a supply 26, which is connected with the national team capacity, which creates a dynamic pressure depending on the accumulated and subject to suction the waste water. The value of dynamic pressure determines the actuation of shut-off valve as described below.
The housing 12 has a first intermediate wall 28, which in the drawing is located near the left end wall 16, and a second intermediate wall 30, which passes between the first intermediate wall 2 and the right end wall 18.
The primary components of the control system 10 are called the first valve starting valve 32 and the second valve 34, which is the valve through which may be created or overlap the connection between the inlet 20 of the vacuum and inlet 22 for a shutoff valve, and depending on the dynamic pressure.
Starting valve 32 consists of the starting membrane 36 and the second membrane 38 to provide unidirectional movement are connected to each other connecting or intermediate element 40.
When closed, the starting valve 32 of the lower section 42 of the starting membrane 36 closes the second chamber 44, which is connected with the connecting pipe 20 of the vacuum through the channel 46, passing the first intermediate wall 28 of the circumferential wall 14 and right end wall 18. This channel 46, which in these figures consists of sections 45, 47, 49, with closed control valve 34 is closed by means attached to the seat 48 of the valve plate 50 distribution valve 34 relative to the camera 64, called the fourth chamber, from which depart the fittings 20, 22 for vacuum or, respectively, the shut-off valve. When closed, the second chamber 44 of the lower portion 42 adjacent to the district seal 86, such as a circular ring, which restricts the which the chamber 44 on the periphery.
The intermediate space 52 between the starting membrane 36 and the second membrane 38 is connected to the inlet 26, which is loaded by the dynamic pressure.
Also called the membrane of the dynamic pressure of the second membrane 38, which departs from the plate of the first mounting 54, by means of the coupling element 56 is connected with the starting membrane 36, which thus forms a supporting element 40 or, respectively, is part of it. For a reliable connection at the starting membrane 36 with the inner side there is a cylindrical protrusion 58, provided with a through hole, through which hermetically passes statourty connecting element 56 and fixed with extension 60 having at one end a shape of a truncated cone. The opposite end stiptease the coupling element 56 is adjacent to the outer side 62 of the plate of the first mounting 54 of the second membrane 38 and is made in the form, resembling the head of the screw.
Starting membrane 36 has the form of a kind of undulating seal, which has a ring, U-shaped in cross-section of the peripheral area, recorded in the first intermediate wall 28. Hermetically closing the second chamber 44 of the lower portion 42 acts as a flat seal.
On the opposite regarding starting Kapan 32 side of the first intermediate article is NCI 28 has a chamber 72, called the first chamber, which is closed on one side of the intermediate wall 28, and on the other side of the membrane 74, called the first membrane, which moves away from the second mounting 76. On the second bracket 76 operates the spring element 75, based on the first intermediate wall 28 or radiating area, so that the second bracket 76 is loaded with a force in the direction of the second intermediate wall 30.
From the second mounting 76 moves the spool 78 distribution valve 34, which passes through the second intermediate wall 30.
When closed, the starting valve 32 (Fig.1, 2) atmospheric pressure enters through inlet 24, the channel 66 into the chamber 90, called the fifth camera, which on the one hand is limited to the outer side of the second membrane 38 or, respectively, the first bracket 54, and on the other side of the end wall 16 or neighboring wall. Between the channel 66 and the fifth chamber 90 includes a filter 92. From the fifth chamber 90 departs preferably passing diametrically fitting 24 and parallel to the end wall 16 different channel 94, which is relatively wavy boundary region of the second membrane 38 is arranged in such a way that the channel 94 in the closed starting valve 32 transmits the stream, and when you open the starting valve 32 closed. After passing from the wall 12 of the housing sections 96, 98 of the channel and to allow ZAZ is R 100, used for synchronized switching valves 34, the first chamber 72 when the outdoor channel 94 may be loaded by the atmospheric pressure when starting valve 32 is closed. The first chamber 72 through the channel 102 is connected to the space between the outer side of the starting membrane 36 and the first intermediate wall 28. This area, which when closed, the starting valve 32 forms an annular space, indicated by the position 104.
In addition, the atmospheric pressure through the connecting pipe 24 is installed in the third chamber 82, passing between the second bracket 76, on which rests a spring 75, and the second intermediate wall 30. After passing in the longitudinal direction of the spool 78 of the longitudinal slot 84 in a closed control valve 34, the atmospheric pressure can be transmitted to the fourth chamber 64 from which departs the fitting 22 connected with shut-off valve. Therefore, shut-off valve is set to the atmospheric pressure, resulting in it is closed.
If in the intermediate space 52 between the starting membrane 36 and the second membrane 38 is the dynamic pressure of such magnitude that established in the second chamber 44, the vacuum pulls the starting membrane 36 and, thereby, makes her the lower portion 42 adjacent to the seal 86, and the fact itself is m, overcome created by the vacuum holding force, the second membrane or membrane 38 dynamic head/pad membrane 36 moves to the left (Fig.3), resulting, on the one hand, the channel 94, which can also be called a ventilation channel is closed by the second diaphragm 38, and on the other hand, established in the second chamber 44, the pressure is passed through the slot or gap 120, passing the first intermediate wall 28 from the side of the membrane, the channel 102 into the first chamber 72, so that the atmospheric pressure is sucked away. Because of this, due to the atmospheric pressure prevailing in the third chamber 82, which is limited to the first membrane 74 and the second bracket 76 on the one hand, and the second intermediate wall 30, on the other hand, operating on the second carrier 76 the force of the spring 75 can be overcome, resulting in the control valve 34 is opened as the valve 78 is connected with the second bracket 76. Thus, the valve plate 50 may his seal 124 to detach from the seat 48 of the valve, so fill the vacuum channel 46, leading to the fourth camera will no longer closed, so that the connecting pipe 22 shutoff valve is loaded by vacuum. When moving the slide valve 78 are closed simultaneously existing in the longitudinal direction in eg the circumferential wall of the longitudinal slot 84, so the fourth chamber 64 can no longer be loaded by the atmospheric pressure.
Switching valves 34 is regardless of the fact that as the valve plate 50 and the first membrane 74 and the bracket 76 (2nd attachment) are impacted by the atmospheric pressure, since the surface distribution of the membrane 74 with an effective surface mount 76 is greater than the surface of the valve plate 50.
The choice of dimensions of the surfaces and effort of the spring is made so that the absolute pressure in the first chamber 72 should be approximately of 0.21 to 0.24 bar, to allow switching valves 34.
Once after opening the shut-off valve dynamic pressure in the intermediate space 52, called the chamber of the dynamic pressure will decrease shown in the drawing starting valve 34 will be moved due to pre-tension the starting membrane 36 to the right, so that the second chamber 44 will be closed with airtight junction of the bottom surface 42 of the starting membrane 36 to seal 86 that surrounds on the periphery of the second chamber, so that the connection with the atmosphere no longer, because leading to the first chamber gap 120 in the first intermediate wall 28 passes out of the second chamber 44. At the same time by moving the second member the s 38, i.e., its peripheral thickening, opens the channel 94, so the atmosphere through the channels 96, 98 and allow the gap 100 can be transmitted into the first chamber 72.
Due to the above process, it becomes apparent that the starting membrane 36 and the second membrane 38 perform the function of the valve.
Cross-section of the nozzle gap 100 can be varied by rotation of the screw 142, so it can be adjusted duration, with which the first camera is loaded with atmospheric pressure. Now with both sides of the first membrane 74 or, respectively, its mount 76 is established the same pressure, the spring 75 can move the second carrier 76 in the direction of the second intermediate wall 30 and, thereby, the spool 78 distribution valve 34 so that the control valve 34 is closed, that is, the seal 124 of valve plate 50 adjacent to the seat 48 of the valve. At this point, is connected to the vacuum channel 46 is blocked relative to the fourth chamber 64. At the same time through the existing district wall of the spool 78 of the longitudinal slot 84 atmospheric pressure can be transmitted to the fourth chamber, resulting in, respectively, through the connecting pipe 22 is loaded shut-off valve so that it closes.
As follows from Fig.6, there is also the possibility to open houses is adelically valve 34 without creating the necessary dynamic pressure in the intermediate space 52 between the starting membrane 36 and the second membrane 38. For this purpose, the valve 78 moves the speaker asked for the valve plate 50, the plane of the ledge 160, which is focused on hole 162 in the end wall 18, the opening 162 is sealed by a flexible element, such as a rubber element 164. Through element 164 may thus act on the spool valve 78 axial forces on its sequel (the ledge 160), resulting in the spool valve 78 is moved into the housing 12 to open the control valve 34. Upon termination of the axial force on the spool 78 becomes a tangible force of the coil spring 75, resulting through the second mounting the spool 76 78 moves back into its original position to close the valves 34.
The essential feature of the control system 10 according to the invention is constructive possibility of effective regulation of the current in the starting membrane surface 36 of the second chamber 44 so that the start system 10 control was carried out with the desired dynamic pressure. For this purpose there is the possibility to move the seal 86, such as a circular ring, bounding the second chamber 44 on the periphery. This can be carried out in accordance with Fig.6 by being inserted into the housing mounting elements, such as pins 200, with which the s seal 86 in some areas more or less pressed inside (area 87). The installation elements 200 may have a desired length and inserted into nesobrannyj the channel housing 12, which on the outside is sealed.
Instead of inserting pins of different lengths in the channel can also be screwed threaded pin, so that it becomes possible permutation-type adjustment screw.
In Fig.7 shows also that the section 49 of the channel flows into the second chamber 44 through the opening 202 through which the camera 44 may be loaded by vacuum.
1. The system (10) controls for shut-off vacuum valve, designed for vacuum sewer systems, comprising a housing (12) with an outer wall; located in the first valve (32), switchable dynamic pressure created by the accumulated waste water from the first position to the second position; the first chamber (72) with pressure adjustment by means of the first valve, limited first membrane (74), which is functionally connected to the second valve (34), through which, depending on its position, the negative pressure or the atmospheric pressure falls to the cut-off valve; a first connection (46), through which the first camera can be connected with a vacuum source, which, if missing or too low, the dynamic pressure is blocked by the first valve being in its first position, and when a sufficient dynamic on the Śre open the first valve,
in its second position; leading to atmospheric pressure coupled with the first chamber, preferably having an adjustable cross-section of the second connection(90, 94, 96, 98), moreover, when loaded with a sufficient negative pressure to the first chamber of the first membrane with a second valve can be switched from the first position connecting the valve to atmospheric pressure, a second position connecting the valve with a vacuum; and the first valve in its second position, opening a first connection between the vacuum source and the first camera overlaps the second connection leading to the first chamber and the load of atmospheric pressure,
characterized in that
the first valve (32) contains the starting membrane (36) for closing the first connection (46) in the first position of the first valve and connected via an intermediate element (40) with a starting membrane, the second membrane (38) for closing the second connection (90, 94, 96, 98) in the second position of the first valve, and the intermediate space (52) between the starting membrane and the second membrane is loaded by the dynamic pressure.
2. Control system under item 1, characterized in that the starting membrane (36), depending on the position of the first valve (32), closes or opens the second chamber (44), which is located in the flow path, m is the vacuum source and the first chamber (72) in the first connection (46).
3. The control system according to p. 2, characterized in that for the regulation of the load pressure acting on the starting membrane (36) surface of the second chamber (44) is provided installation element (200)is driven from the outside through the housing (12) of the system (10) of the control.
4. The control system according to p. 3, characterized in that the second chamber (44) of the starting membrane has a circular bottom surface, which is limited perimeter sealing element (86), such as a round ring, and this sealing element acts are accessible from outside the housing of the installation element (200)designed to permutations of the sealing element.
5. Control system under item 3 or 4, characterized in that the adjusting element (200) is located can travel channel in the housing bore (12), such as drilling, which from the outside tightly closed.
6. The control system according to p. 2, characterized in that the starting membrane (36) sealing the second chamber (44) position in the cross-section has a U-shaped or made in the form of a double U geometry, with the district, in cross section preferably L-shaped edge, whereby the starting membrane is fixed at the first intermediate wall (28) of the housing (12).
7. Control system under item 1, characterized in that the second membrane (38) regional plot of Antonovna passing in the housing wall (12) of the channel section (94) of the second connection (90, 94, 96, 98) and closes it when you open the first valve.
8. Control system under item 1 or 7, characterized in that the second membrane (38) departs from the plate of the first bracket (54), which by means of an intermediate element (40) is connected with the starting membrane (36).
9. Control system under item 1, characterized in that the first membrane (74) departs from the second mounting, and limiting the first chamber (72) of the second fastening means passing inside the first chamber of the spring element (75) is loaded by a force in the direction of the second intermediate wall (30) of the housing, and a second fastening departs passing through the intermediate wall of the housing of the slide valve (78) of the second valve (34), which its valve plate (50) is moved in the fourth chamber and hermetically adjacent to the valve seat (48) of the valve, and into the fourth chamber into the supply (20) discharge and inlet (22) for shut-off valve, and when loaded the first vacuum chamber and moving the second mounting against the force of the spring element (75) of the valve plate is at a distance from the valve seat, and a connection between podwodami.
10. The control system according to p. 9, characterized in that the second carrier (76) with the first membrane (74) and the second intermediate wall (30) limit the third chamber (82), which through the inlet (24) Nagraj what is the atmospheric pressure, moreover, the third chamber through the valve (78) of the second valve (34) when closed, the second valve is connected to the fourth chamber (64)and when you open the second valve, the third chamber is closed relative to the fourth chamber.
11. Control system under item 1, characterized in that the second valve (34) is equipped with a valve (78), which section (160) passes through the set valve plate (50) plane in such a way that through this site outside the housing can be applied axial force for opening the second valve.
12. Control system under item 1, characterized in that the functional position of the system (10) management leading to the vacuum source of the first supply, leading to the shut-off valve, a second inlet, and connected with the atmosphere of the third supply are transferred into the corresponding shaped pipe connection pieces (20, 22, 24)which are vertically or essentially vertically and is connected to the third and fourth chambers (82, 64) so that the collected liquid flows under the influence of gravity.
13. The control system for the vacuum shutoff valve, designed for vacuum sewer systems containing the first valve (32), and is functionally associated with the second valve (34), depending on the provisions which control the shut-off valve through which otsas is accumulated by water through the sewage system, characterized in that the first valve (32) there is created the accumulated waste water dynamic pressure, which loads the intermediate space (52) between the starting membrane (36) and the membrane (38) dynamic pressure, forming a single node and the first valve.
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: method of surface water infusion into ground under the job site includes installation of a series of elongated pumping/draining channel elements to a series of wells continued to the ground. The pumping/draining channel elements have a series of prolonged longitudinal channel elements open outside. The pumping/draining channel elements are continued to the significant depth below the ground surface, and in result soil moisture enters the formed channels and flows down through water infusion channels to the ground around the lower ends of the channel elements. Infiltration rate of surface water deep to the surface is increased significantly thus allowing removal of wet environment formed by surface dead water or flooding by land drainage.
EFFECT: reducing land drainage and evaporation of surface water.
10 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tank is communicated with effluent intake line composed of a pipeline system equipped with check valve Note here that said valve is communicated with the pump Said effluent intake line is equipped with safety valve communicated via pipeline with standby measuring tank Said effluent intake line is connected with one end of coil rigidly secured in horizontal cylindrical casing Walls of the latter, at its top and bottom parts, have openings Second end of aforesaid coil is connected with nozzle located at gas flare plant flame zone Head of said plant is secured at the end of aforesaid cylindrical casing Effluents are accumulated in said tank to be, then, forced by pump via said intake line into coil to be finely sprayed and directed to spray nozzle Note here that said nozzle is located at gas flare plant flame zone.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, better environmental protection, lower costs.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vacuum, i.e. pressure level, and efficiency of the system is maintained and controlled, whilst controlling the speed of rotation of a source/sources of vacuum measured by number of rotations per minute. The source of vacuum has a liquid-ring screw pump driven by an electric motor. Number of rotations per minute of each motor in the system is controlled by means of a programmable logical controller. The controller is programmed to maintain the one first source of vacuum as connected, until it reaches the specified maximum number of rotations per minute, with subsequent connection of the next, second, source of vacuum, if the vacuum system requires higher efficiency of pumping. The programmable logical controller may also be programmed to control the number of rotations per minute for each source so that sources operate with identical speed of rotation in the range from least or highest number of rotations per minute depending on the required vacuum, but with connection of the additional source of vacuum, when higher efficiency is required.
EFFECT: efficient method to control vacuum pumps or other sources of vacuum in a vacuum sewage system.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to elements of drainage systems. A drainage system element has a concrete body open on top, which surrounds a drainage channel. The drainage system element represents a gutter element with an extended body, which is U-shaped in the section across the axis of the gutter. The body comprises basalt fibres joined in bundles and arranged in the body along and/or across the gutter axis. Bundles are joined into a net. The net is arranged in the form of a U letter in the U-shaped body around the gutter channel in a vertical part. The body comprises spacers from basalt, stretching from a net to a gutter channel and/or at least to one external side of the body.
EFFECT: invention provides for high mechanical strength of a drainage system and lower susceptibility to corrosion.
SUBSTANCE: device to separate running water arriving from a drain pipe and divert this water into a pipe for contaminated water and a pipe for rain water, comprises the first channel of running water, having an overflow partition, limiting water flow arriving from the drain pipe and sending it into the pipe for contaminated pipe. The device also comprises the second channel sending water flowing over the overflow partition, into the pipe for rain water, a separating wall to block water going through the first channel, to form chambers of water diversion separated in the first channel and a throttling part formed in the separating wall. The method for separation of running water consists in using the device for its separation. At the same time, when running water flow arriving from the drain pipe is higher than the specified flow rate, it is sent into the pipe for contaminated water along the first channel. Water flow is throttled by means of the throttling part, and running water accumulated in chambers of water drain and flowing over the overflow partition, is sent into the pipe for rain water along the second channel. The waste water system comprises the first and second devices to separate running water arriving from the drain pipe. The second device is connected to the first one by means of the first pipe so that a part of water separated by the first device is sent to the second device along the first pipe to separate this part of water. The system also comprises a device to treat running water connected to the second device by means of the second pipe so that a part of this water separated by the second device is sent to the device for treatment along the second pipe, the device for water accumulation connected to the second device by means of the third pipe and connected to the device for water treatment by means of the fourth pipe so that a part of water separated by the second device is sent to the device for water accumulation along the third pipe for temporary water accumulation and its drainage into the device for treatment along the fourth pipe. Besides, the first device comprises the following components: the first channel with the overflow partition limiting water flow arriving from the drain pipe and sending water, which does not flow over the partition, into the first pipe; the second channel sending running water into the water area, arriving from the drain pipe and flowing over the partition; the separating wall for blocking of running water sending via the first channel, to form chambers of water drainage separated in the first channel, and the throttling part formed in the separating wall to throttle water flow passing from one drain chamber into the other one. The second device comprises the following components: the first channel including the overflow partition limiting water flow arriving from the first pipe and sending running water arriving from the first pipe and not flowing over the overflow partition, into the second pipe; the second channel sending water arriving from the first pipe and flowing over the partition, into the third pipe; the separating wall for blocking of water going through the first channel, to form chambers of water drain separated in the first channel, and the throttling part formed in the separating wall to throttle water flow passing from one drain chamber to the other chamber.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplification of design.
13 cl, 29 dwg
SUBSTANCE: complex comprises a bath with a sink and a small oven on a foundation with a boiler built into it to heat water and a receiving hopper for used water, to which a sewage pipe is laid as inclined in the ground from the bath and the sink. The receiving hopper is located near the foundation for the small oven. At the same in the foundation in earth at the side of the receiving hopper there is a canopy deepened additionally by 0.5-1 m.
EFFECT: higher speed of drainage, lower leakage of water under a foundation and efficient earth use.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises rain gutters (2), water intake funnels (3), drain pipes (4), a storm water outfall (7), filtering wells (16) and a subsurface accumulating reservoir (18). Drain pipes (4) are equipped with discharge parts with mini-hydroturbines (6). Power generated by mini-hydroturbines is sent to accumulator batteries. The storm water outfall is arranged below the level of the earth surface and is an extension of discharge parts of drain pipes. The filtering material is an ash and slag sorbent.
EFFECT: design will make it possible to prevent gradual damage of building basement and foundation elements due to availability of a subsurface storm water outfall.
4 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system comprises a toilet, a vacuum sewage pipeline connected to a toilet, a discharge valve, the first pump accessory, the second pump accessory. In the vacuum sewage pipeline there is a linear separation device. The vacuum sewage pipeline is connected to the toilet. The discharge valve is installed between the toilet and the vacuum sewage pipeline. The discharge valve is made as capable of opening in process of toilet usage. The first pump accessory and the second pump accessory are connected in parallel with the linear separation device. The linear separation device has a vacuum level between the specified high level and the specified low level. The first pump accessory is arranged as capable of removing air, and the second pump accessory is arranged as capable of pumping, mainly, sewage from a waste water flow leaking into the linear separation device. The vacuum sewage system comprises a pressure gauge. The pressure gauge is connected to the vacuum sewage pipeline. The method includes application of a vacuum sewage system.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of waste water transportation.
14 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of sewage comprises receiving 1 and collecting reservoir 2, siphons 3, units of gas discharge with vacuum pumps 5 in vacuum columns arranged in upper parts of siphons. System includes at least two siphons connected to one receiving reservoir and one collecting reservoir, each siphon is equipped with a separate vacuum pump.
EFFECT: invention provides for control of liquid level in receiving chambers.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for waste disposal includes sewage system, garbage pressing network, pumping up, and magistral stations, made with the possibility of filing and disposal of debris under excessive pressure. The garbage pressing network station comprises a garbage crusher, fluid supply device and a pressure machine. The garbage pressing network station is connected to sewage pipeline with garbage pressing booster station, which in turn is connected by magistral sewage pipeline with garbage pressing magistral station connected by magistral pipeline with a garbage disposal site.
EFFECT: invention enables to improve environmental and sanitary-epidemiological efficacy at garbage disposal and recycling.
FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.
FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.
SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.
EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.
2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.
EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.
SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.
EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet system.
SUBSTANCE: toilet system comprises lavatory pan, flushing device to supply flushing water, line connected to the lavatory pan and to sewage pipeline, means to convey pumped-out mass from lavatory pan to the line and sewage pipeline. The means comprise two valves and pressure chamber arranged in-between, wherein the valves and pressure chamber are arranged in line. Reduced pressure is created in pressure chamber to force the mass from lavatory pan and pressure inside pressure chamber is increased to convey the mass to sewage pipeline. Pressure chamber is made as piston cylinder and includes piston connected to drive means. The drive means move the piston to reduce or increase pressure inside the pressure chamber. The system also has electric control means to control the drive means and above valves so that when the mass is forced out of the pressure chamber the piston movement is performed along with bringing both valves in closed state to create reduced pressure inside the chamber. After that the first valve is rapidly opened to provide the mass inflow from lavatory pan into pressure chamber.
EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water, particularly to connect sewage pipes and odor seals.
SUBSTANCE: sewage pipe connector comprises inlet tubular part connected to the pipe and arranged upstream from the pipe to create inlet sewage water channel, outlet tubular part connected to the pipe and located downstream from it to create outlet sewage water channel and suppression part defining connection sewage water channel to create sewage water flow from inlet sewage water channel to outlet sewage water passage. The connector also has dividing tubular part, which forms dividing channel extending upwards from suppression section of the suppression part and dividing sewage water channel in upward direction at suppression section. Inlet and outlet tubular parts are located one opposite another and are coaxial one to another. Sewage water channel defined by suppression section is below the lowest part of adjacent sewage water channels. The connector additionally has dividing pipe connected to front end of dividing tubular part to enlarge the dividing channel in upward direction and lid detachably attached to the front end of dividing pipe for dividing channel sealing.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of odor suppression and prevention of outside odor spreading, possibility to regulate dividing channel height to compensate different depth of pipe laying.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.
SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.
EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.
24 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: sewage systems, particularly waste water cleaning systems.
SUBSTANCE: object (independent) sewage systems include mechanical cleaning device (cesspools) and biological cleaning devices (filters, filtration fields). Filtering devices of adjacent zones are hydraulically united in single filtering device to increase discharge volume and smooth discharge irregularity due to possibility to receive peak discharge volume from different objects in different time and due to increased filtration field area at the moment of waste water discharge from one object because of all filtering devices connection in single filtering device. Some zones may contain no filtering devices and waste water therefrom is supplied into adjacent zones.
EFFECT: possibility to smooth discharge irregularity and increased system capacity, decreased sanitary zones of filtering devices and, as a result, increased building density.
12 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet systems used in residential buildings and vehicles, namely in railroad cars, airplanes or buses.
SUBSTANCE: vacuum toilet system comprises lavatory pan, water flushing system, control unit and control button, accumulation tank with pressure and temperature sensors, with liquid level indicator and with heater electrically linked to control unit. System also has vacuum pump and conveyance pipelines. Vacuum pump has heater, at least one environment pressure sensor, conveyance pipeline and accumulation tank pressure sensor, environment temperature sensor, rotor blade temperature sensor and oil level indicating device electrically linked with control unit.
EFFECT: increased economical efficiency, reliability and service life.
2 cl, 1 dwg