High-speed method of manufacture of building products with high void ratio by volumetric vertical moulding from heterogeneous mixes, building product with high void ratio, process line for manufacture of building products with high void ratio by volumetric vertical moulding from heterogeneous mixes

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: high-speed method of manufacture of building products with high void ratio provisions the volumetric vertical moulding of building products at separate forced filling of meshes with heterogeneous mixes with alternating use of vane mixers with slotted gates. Some meshes of the moulds with partitions are filled, while others are overlapped. And the meshes intended for formation of longitudinal voids, are temporarily filled with neutral cementless pulpous mix, and the meshes intended for moulding of products, are filled with liquid multicomponent concrete mix. During extraction of partitions from the mould give they are oscillated at high frequency in vertical direction, and after drying of products they are washed from pulp. Building products, such as wall panels obtained by the given method, have longitudinal voids and at least one channel intended for moulding of a concrete column of a monolithic frame of a building, and are designed with stops on side walls for installation of window openings. The process line for manufacture of building products with high void ratio is also described.

EFFECT: increase of productivity of the process line, increase of rate and quality vertical moulding and of building products from heterogeneous mixes, simplification of manufacture, tumbling and transportation of products.

27 cl, 101 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular for productive manufacturing methods of construction products, such as panels, high-voidness using heterogeneous mixtures and the formation of longitudinal internal channels, as well as equipment for their production.

A known method of construction of the frame and monolithic high-rise buildings, including floor installation without knee reinforced concrete columns, accommodation in spans on the supporting rack mounting bridges to install pre-fabricated supporting elements bearing precast-monolithic transverse girders without knee strapping of columns and formwork for forming a monolithic reinforced concrete spacer longitudinal braced girders strapping, laying on the supporting part of the load-bearing precast-monolithic transverse girders design position for the formation of disks floor slabs hollow-core concrete slabs, installation of reinforcement bars, simultaneous laying of high-strength concrete around the floor to the ceiling with the formation of longitudinal spacer and bearing precast-monolithic transverse girders and zamonolichennyj with them into a coherent whole through the concrete longitudinal seams forming disks cells of floor slabs adjacent and supported on each bearing precast-monolithic on ereny bolt hollow-core concrete slabs, exposure of concrete, removal of floor slabs after dialing the design strength and the relocation and installation of bridges on the finished floor immediately demoulded overlap during the construction of the next overlap, thus forming each of the load bearing precast-monolithic cross bolt strapping is produced in two stages, the first of which is set in the design position leaning on the rack mounting bridges their supporting elements, which are used reinforced concrete beam, forming the bottom of a fixed timbering monolithic upper part of the transverse bolt, and at the second stage, the formation of the vertical walls of the fixed casing and having her total working volume of the bed concrete longitudinal seams and transverse grooves reinforced keyed protrusions monolithic upper part of the transverse crossbar, after installation in the design position on the side of the stepped protrusions reinforced concrete beams forming one of the disks floors adjacent hollow-core concrete slabs in contact with each other and form a bed of concrete longitudinal seams located in the lower parts of the side surfaces symmetrical with the upper longitudinal profiled surfaces, shelves, and having on the upper surface forming a vertical wall fixed op the splints ends of the hollow-core concrete slabs longitudinal grooves for education when concreting transverse reinforced keyed protrusions of the upper molded part of the transverse bolt (see patent RU №2318099, CL. E04B 1/20, op. 2008). Known quite complex and time-consuming way of monolithic construction provides for the construction of monolithic building frame composed of columns and beams, the space between which is then filled either blocks or bricks or panels (not performed monolithic frame).

A known method of construction cast-frame buildings, including pouring the Foundation, binding the reinforcement design of the first floor, fill the walls of the first floor with removable formwork, installation of reinforcement bars and the pouring of slabs and beams, the tying of reinforcing structures of the second and subsequent floors from paint walls, install fittings beams and pouring of slabs and beams subsequent floors and the construction of the roof, when pouring the Foundation in a pre-lay exposed vertical reinforcing tabs and mounting supports for removable wall formwork, and for pouring the slab knit reinforcing tabs to the valve walls of the bottom floor and provide mounting supports for removable wall formwork and reinforcing walls to knit reinforcing tabs, leaving vertical openings for Windows and doors, then top reinforcing walls vertically lowered removable wall formwork, consisting of hollow is risky and pallet with which it is manufactured industrially wall of the workpiece, including at least one decorative and at least one insulating layers associated reinforcing elements together, located decorative layer outside and a hollow cover removable wall formwork include reinforcing the construction of the carrier layer of the walls, then fix the removable wall of the formwork fixing blocks of the Foundation of the fixing stretch marks and pour concrete voids around the hollow valve covers removable wall formwork, forming a supporting concrete layer of the wall of the building and leaving unfilled concrete upper zone removable wall formwork adjacent to the insulating layer of the wall of the workpiece, and after removing the removable wall formwork on the host layer of the concrete wall in an empty concrete the upper zone have girder formwork adjacent to the wall of the workpiece, while before pouring the slab last floor in him lay fasteners for the roof frame (see patent RU No. 2421580, CL. E04B 1/20, op. 2011). This method allows you to build monolithic-frame houses with factory exterior and high quality interior walls, but it does require a significant amount of concrete work in the construction site conditions, which limits the scope of its application.

A known machine for molding articles from Polish the x mixes, containing a frame from the United in a single whole the Central, right and left sections, which are mounted respectively the vibrating table in the form of a stationary frame and supported on the latter by means of symmetrical relative to the vertical axis of the matrix and connected with a source of compressed air regulated on height and stiffness of newmoor, a vertically movable frame mounted with the pathogens circular oscillation in contact in the very top position with the technological pallet is placed opposed along the longitudinal axis of the frame right and left guides tables respectively with the primary and secondary transfer device mixes the primary and finishing layers in the form of a hopper and placed them under the box feeders, kinematically connected to the actuator their horizontal reciprocating movement, placed symmetrically transverse axis horizontal frame rails, front and rear ends of which are fixed respectively on the Central frame section and the rear vertical support mounted on the horizontal guides the drive carriage is arranged symmetrically with the longitudinal axis of the guide sleeve covering the upper and lower vertical rolling pin, the lower end of which is fixed connected the synchronizer their vertical parallelism relative to each other moves the bottomless matrix forming its working cavity liner and the plug, pivotally connected with the rods mounted on the carriage actuators actuators movements, placed along the transverse axis of the frame store technological pallets located along the vertical axis above the pallets vertically movable gripper is suspended on the rod of the power cylinder, is fixed by the bracket on the center section of the frame, characterized in that it is supplied mounted on a vertical rear support horizontal rails along the transverse axis of the auxiliary frame shop transport pallets located along the vertical axis above the pallets vertically movable auxiliary capture suspended on the rod of the power cylinder displacements installed through the bracket on the rear horizontal support guide, main and auxiliary hooks - located on a circle about their vertical axes attractive permanent magnets in contact with located underneath the pallet carriage - opposed spaced front and rear handles horizontal displacements of technological and transport pallets, secured respectively at its front and rear transverse end faces forming a working cavity bottomless matrix liner is made with is mounted on the perimeter at its bottom end by a securing position of the technological pallet in contact with its surface attractive permanent magnets, the primary and secondary arms as connected by a cross member parallel L-shaped consoles attached to their horizontal parts attractive electromagnets, which are in contact respectively with the surfaces of technological and transport pallets, the rear vertical support horizontal rails are made with a window for the passage of the transport pallet, and the thickness S of the technological pallet and magnitude of effort clutch primary or secondary capture or forming a working cavity bottomless matrix of the liner with the technological pallet is less than the thickness S1transport pallet and the amount of force coupling each of the manipulators with the pallet, respectively, 3.5-6.5 and 1.2-1.5 times, and the distance T between the vertical axes of the main and auxiliary shops technological and transport pallets greater than the distance T1between the vertical axes attractive electromagnets front and rear handles of the drive carriage 1.3-1.8 times (see patent RU No. 2280557, CL. B28B 1/087, op. 2006). This unit is designed for forming building panels of dry mixtures, which leads to uneven moisture filled mixtures and the formation of these air bubbles, thus reducing the quality of the panels.

Known Assembly for molding of the men from semi-dry building mixtures, containing a frame from the United in a single whole the Central, right and left sections, which are mounted respectively the vibrating table in the form of a stationary frame and supported on the latter by means of symmetrical relative to the vertical axis of the matrix and connected with a source of compressed air regulated on height and stiffness of newmoor, a vertically movable frame mounted with the pathogens circular oscillation in contact in the very top position with the technological pallet is placed opposed along the longitudinal axis of the frame right and left guides tables respectively with the primary and secondary transfer device mixes the primary and finishing layers in the form of a hopper and placed them under the box feeders, kinematically connected to the actuator their horizontal reciprocating movement, placed symmetrically transverse axis horizontal frame rails, front and rear ends of which are fixed respectively on the Central frame section and the rear vertical support mounted on the horizontal guides the drive carriage is arranged symmetrically with the longitudinal axis of the guide sleeve covering the upper and lower vertical rolling pin, on the lower ends of which are connected the with the synchronizer their vertical parallelism relative to each other moves, bottomless matrix forming its working cavity liner and punch, pivotally connected with the rods mounted on the carriage actuators actuators movements, placed along the transverse axis of the frame store technological pallets located above the drive trays vertically movable gripper mounted through a bracket on the center section of the frame, characterized in that it has located opposite to a main store of technological pallets and mounted on the vertical rear horizontal support rails additional store transport pallets located above the drive trays vertically movable extra grip, power rakes, working bodies are placed in the cavities of the box feeders fixed at opposite front and rear in the direction of the walls of each box feeder gate valves, primary and secondary grips - located on a circle about their vertical axes attractive permanent magnets in contact with placed underneath the pallet carriage - opposed spaced front and rear handles horizontal displacements of technological and transport pallets, pinned affordable the public on its front and rear in the direction of the ends, forming a working cavity bottomless matrix liner mounted on the perimeter at its bottom end by a securing position of the technological pallet in contact with its surface attractive permanent magnets, the main and auxiliary cranes made in the form of the United crossbar parallel L-shaped consoles attached to their horizontal parts attractive electromagnets, which are in contact respectively with the surfaces of technological and transport pallets, work each body of the agitator is in the form placed in the working cavity of the box feeder with a gap relative to the inner surface of its walls lattice of parallel longitudinal walls of the box feeder plates mounted on missed through the Windows in the longitudinal walls of the box feeder horizontally moving the shock attached at their ends anvils, and in contact with the latter in the working position of a spring-loaded stop and kinematically connected to the drive turners spring-loaded pushers mounted on the front and rear ends of the carriage symmetrically to the longitudinal axis box feeders, and the thickness S of the technological pallet and magnitude of effort clutch primary and secondary seizures and forming a working cavity bottomless matrix of the liner with the technological pallet less than the thickness S(transport pallet and the amount of force coupling each of the manipulators with the pallet, respectively, 3.5-6.5 and 1.2-1.5 times, and the distance T between the vertical axes of the primary and secondary shopping process and transport pallets greater than the distance T1between the vertical axes attractive electromagnets front and rear handles of the drive carriage 1.3-1.8 times the distance T2between adjacent parallel plates of the working body of the drive of the agitator and the height H of the box feeder exceed the thickness of the S2plates of the working body of the drive of the agitator and the distance h from the axis horizontally moving the shock to the lower end of the box feeders, respectively, 1.2-6.5 and 1.5-to 3.5-fold (see patent RU No. 2279974, CL. B28B 1/087, op. 2006). This unit is also designed for forming building panels of dry mixtures, which leads to uneven moisture filled mixtures and the formation of these air bubbles, thus reducing the quality of the panels.

Known construction panel is mainly made of concrete, which includes formed therein a longitudinal channel, rod and covering her spiral arrow to the valve, characterized in that each coil of the spiral recessed fittings made in the form of a hexagon, with the turns of each of the adjacent coils are located between the coils of the other coil formation between adjacent parallel sides ZAZ the ditch, not exceeding the largest diameter located in them bar reinforcement (see patent RU No. 2033507, CL. E04C 5/06, op. in 1995). This panel has sufficient strength in a lightweight version due to the formation of this longitudinal channels. However, this panel cannot be used in the monolithic frame construction, involving the pouring of the supporting monolith at the construction site.

Known device for pressing articles of mixes containing movable frame with unbalance vibrators mounted by means of elastic supports on the frame with the guide columns connected at the top by a cross member having mounted on it the power cylinder associated with the rod mounted on the guide columns of the upper movable head plate, to which by means of elastic elements attached punch, coaxially placed under it to cover the guides of the column and associated with the piston rods of the power cylinders of the lower traverse bottomless matrix in contact via removable tray with movable frame, a distributing device in the form of a feed hopper, box feeder, associated with a drive power cylinder, and the feed mechanism removable pallet which is provided with an auxiliary transfer device located in opposit what about the main transfer device, additional movable frame and an additional power cylinder, unbalance vibrators are made semi-detached pairs, with an additional power cylinder mounted on the cross member relative to the vertical axis of the frame symmetrically to the main power cylinder (see patent RU No. 2112643, CL. B28B 3/04, op. in 1998). This setting allows to receive vibration-compacted panel with longitudinal channels using dry mixes, but its rather complex structure does not significantly increase the performance of the installation and the use of dry mixtures leads to uneven moisture treatment molded panel and insufficient quality of its manufacture.

The closest technical solution is the method of manufacturing of concrete products, including separate feeding in the form of granular inert material and concrete mixture, molding and demolding, in which the flow of granular inert material in the form of place vertical partitions forming with her walls closed around the perimeter of the cell, which is filled with alternating cells dry granular inert material or dry concrete mixture, and the hydration of the latter is carried out after the extraction of the vertical partitions (see patent RU No. 2106244, CL. B28B 1/00, op. in 1998). Atodorov allows to obtain vibration-compacted panel with longitudinal channels increased voidness, however, the use of dry construction mixtures with a gradual moistening complicates and lengthens the manufacturing process of the panels, requiring vibration compaction of the mixtures after filling in the form. When this dry mixture can contain a lot of air, which upon hardening of the concrete will contribute to the formation of large air bubbles. Which is especially undesirable in the border areas of the panel, because the presence of air bubbles leads to fractures and cracks in the panel. And circulation of the liquid when applying it to dry mixes can cause leaching of the cement, resulting in lower grade concrete in the lower zones of the panel.

The present invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem of increasing the productivity of the process line, simplifying the manufacture of large lightweight construction panels high voidness with longitudinal channels while improving their quality, as well as the strength and processing characteristics for the erection of a building with a monolithic framing, poured at the construction site.

The solution of a technical problem is achieved by the fact that in a high-speed method of manufacture of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding from heterogeneous mixtures, including consistent flow of heterogeneous mixtures in different cells separated Perigord the mi form for the manufacture of products, the manufacture of construction products by filling in part of the cells multicomponent concrete mix and fill the remaining cells neutral cementless mixture, removing partitions, education longitudinal voids and drying products, produce voluminous vertical molding construction products in separate filling of the cells of heterogeneous mixtures with alternate use of lobed mixers with slotted gates, with the slotted holes of the gate of one of the mixer performs matching with corresponding cells forms with partitions and overlapping other cells, and the holes are slotted gate of another mixer performs matching with other cells to form partitions, and cells intended for education longitudinal voids, temporarily fill in neutral cementless mixture in the form pulp and cells for the formation of products, fill with liquid multicomponent concrete mixture, and filling all cells produce force by punching multicomponent concrete mixture or slurry through the holes slotted gates of the respective mixers, and during removal of partitions of the form give them a high-frequency oscillations, directed vertically, and after drying, the products from them wash the pulp. Liquid multi-component concrete see what camping is made with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite, and other. The pulp is made from fine materials with similar bulk density cement slurry, such as clay, loam, recycled gypsum, peat, topsoil and other. The slurry is prepared with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite and other, so that the filler slurry corresponded to its volumetric weight of the filler liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete. The products comprise at least one longitudinal channel, and these channels are intended for the subsequent or the formation of by pouring them in load-bearing concrete columns cast frame building, or place them in pre-made on the floor of the load-bearing concrete columns cast frame buildings. Form a two-layer product with the third blade mixer with slot gate for the manufacture of hardened outer layer, while for the formation of the hardened layer of the cell is filled with liquid multicomponent concrete with a high cement content. Hardened perform decorative layer, for example, with the addition of marble or granite chips, white cement, dye, plasticizer and other components that determine the appearance of products. Produce astemperature drying products. At the same time in one the form is formed into several building products, for example wall panels. After filling the cells produce the vacuum building products to remove air bubbles. Used slurry is sent for recycling. Products are made with a stock length and after the final drying is cut on both sides. On the inner side of the product in its end zone to form a support platform in the form of the stage the entire width of the product.

And the fact that the construction product increased voidness, made in the form of a wall panel, comprising longitudinal cavities, equipped with at least one channel, intended either for casting monolithic concrete columns of the building frame, or to accommodate pre-cast concrete columns, and supports on the side walls for forming window openings. And also have a ground in the end zone, made in the form of steps, facing to the inside of the product is designed to form the ceilings of the building. Channel for pouring or placing concrete columns cast frame building in cross-section or round, or square, or rectangular shape. Channels for pouring or placing concrete columns cast frame building located on the panel edges, and longitudinal voids are located between them. The product is provided with an outer hardened layer.

As well as the fact that in a process line for the manufacture of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding of heterogeneous mixtures containing preparation of mixtures associated with bunkers for heterogeneous mixtures of the site of formation of products, including located on the applicator forms for the manufacture of products, movable in a horizontal direction feeders associated with bunkers, and a mechanism for vertical movement of the partitions, the area of machining, drying products and conveyors, feeders plot of formation of products equipped with a paddle mixer with a slit dampers designed for three-dimensional vertical moulding construction products, and the slotted holes of the gate of one of the mixers is made coincident with the corresponding cells forms with partitions and overlapping other cells, and the holes are slotted gate of the other mixer is made coincident with other cells to form partitions, and the partitions are connected into a single matrix, and the vertical movement mechanism of the matrix is additionally equipped with a high-frequency vibrators with a vertical reciprocating movements. Paddle mixers are equipped with opposed spaced horizontal rails, each mixer is designed with C the cast neck, and one of the feeders associated with the hopper multicomponent concrete mixture through a screw conveyor and the discharge end of the screw conveyor is located above the zone of the operating position of the filler cap blender, designed to fill a multicomponent mixture of the concrete, while another feeder mixer screw conveyor is connected with the supply system of the pulp, and the discharge end of the screw conveyor is located above the zone of the operating position of the filler cap of the corresponding mixer. The plot of the formation of building products are supplied with optional paddle mixer intended for the formation of the hardened layer, with additional horizontal guides arranged perpendicular to the main rails, the feeder is provided with an additional screw conveyor, the discharge end of which is located in the working area filler cap additional mixer. A single matrix with partitions and slotted damper blade mixers made with the possibility of formation of several products simultaneously. The line is equipped with a crop area of finished products and the plot flush pulp from construction products after drying them and land recycling pulp, including the collection area and defend the used pulp associated with sist is my feed pulp to the site of formation of products. The line is equipped with a mechanism for tilting the finished building products, including located on guide rails, a carriage associated with the rotary traverse, equipped with a vacuum suction cups. A single matrix with partitions made in the form attached to the chassis shell with an external circuit, which follows the contours of products, while partitions are mounted within the shell matrix with the formation of the bottomless cells to fill heterogeneous mixtures. Molds for the manufacture of construction products made either detachable or openable from the side and provided with a bottom with an opening casements.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. In Fig.1 schematically shows a production line for the manufacture of building panels with internal cavities (channels), type in the plan. In Fig.2 - the same, in ISO. In Fig.3 - phase preparation of multicomponent concrete mixes, in ISO. In Fig.4 - same capacity for concrete mixtures - silos ISO. In Fig.5 is a plot of drying and storage of filled shapes with topping (redirect) roller conveyor, ISO. In Fig.6 - same reversal (redirect) a conveyor for filled shapes, isometric. In Fig.7 is the same, longitudinal and cross feed conveyor for filled shapes, isometric. In Fig.8 is a plot of Stripping forms and tilting ready panels in ISO. On Phi is .9 - plot Stripping forms and tilting finished panels, side view in isometric. In Fig.10 - the same, mechanism for tilting ready panels in ISO. Fig.11 - installation for forming building panels with longitudinal channels (cavities). In Fig.12 - the same, screw conveyors. In Fig.13 are the same mixers. In Fig.14 is the same, top view. In Fig.15 - this is the same end view. In Fig.16 - site trimming of panels. In Fig.17 - the same, top view. In Fig.18 is a plot of feeder trays. In Fig.19 is a plot of stacking of the finished panels on pallets. In Fig.20 - the warehouse of finished panels. In Fig.21 - the same plot overload piles. In Fig.22 - this is the same end view. In Fig.23 - the same plot boot hire. In Fig.24 shows a finished construction panel, the inner side. In Fig.25 is the same as the outside. In Fig.26 - this is the same view from the bottom side. In Fig.27 shows a mould for the production of three panels at the same time. In Fig.28 - the same, with the door open. In Fig.29 - this is the same mechanism of opening of the valves of the bottom of the form, the openings are opened. In Fig.30 - this is the same mechanism of opening of the valves of the bottom of the form, flaps closed. In Fig.31 is a vertical cross-section shape, sash open. In Fig.32 is a vertical cross-section shape, flaps closed. In Fig.33 - same, ventral view on the bottom. In Fig.34 - installation for forming building panels, rear view. In Fig.35 is the same, front view. In Fig.36 - same in dropping a single matrix in the form. In Fig.37), the same matrix is omitted. In Fig.38 is the same, the first mixer is located on the form. In Fig.39 is the same, the second mixer is located on the form. In Fig.40 is the same, the third mixer is located on the form. In Fig.41 is the same as the matrix in the upper position. In Fig.42 is the same, the vertical movement mechanism of the matrix. In Fig.43 is the same, the first mixer. In Fig.44 is the same, the second mixer. In Fig.45 is the same, the third mixer. In Fig.46 is the same, the mixers are in the off position. In Fig.47 is the same, the first mixer is located on the form. In Fig.48 is the same, the second mixer is located on the form. In Fig.49 is the same, the third mixer is located on the form. In Fig.50 depicts a matrix to ISO, upper part. In Fig.51 - same, ventral view. In Fig.52 is the same, top view. In Fig.53 shows the design of the mixer in ISO. In Fig.54 - same, ventral view. In Fig.55 depicts a mechanism for tilting the finished panels, ISO, at the moment of capture panel. In Fig.56 is the same in the horizontal position of the panel. In Fig.57 - this is the same mechanism carriage tilting of the finished panels. N. Fig.58 is the same as the lifting mechanism. In Fig.59 - same traverse. In Fig.60 depicts a cart to supply panels for cutting. In Fig.61 is the same, with the panels. In Fig.62 is the same, the panels are fixed by clamps. In Fig.63 - this is the same end view. In Fig.64 - the same, before trimming panels. In Fig.65 - the same, inprocessing the first panel. In Fig.66 is the same, after pruning panels. In Fig.67 depicts the installation of the stacking of the finished panels on pallets. In Fig.68 - this is the same traverse. In Fig.69 - same track. In Fig.70 is the same, the lifting mechanism. In Fig.71 shows the collection area of the pulp. In Fig.72 is the same in longitudinal section. In Fig.73 depicts a construction site, the formation of the valve under the panel. In Fig.74 - this is the same panel mounted on the valve. In Fig.75 is the same, the installation of cornices and beams overlap on the second floor. In Fig.76 - the same, with the overlap of the second floor. In Fig.77 is the same, the installation of the panels on the second floor. In Fig.78 is the same, the installation of the crossbars of the third floor. In Fig.79 is the same, the overlap of the third floor. In Fig.80 - this is the same view of the facade. In Fig.81 depicts a building under construction, a preliminary forming concrete columns of circular cross section. In Fig.82 - this is the same wall panel put on concrete column. In Fig.83 - same wall panel mounted on concrete column. In Fig.84 depicts a building under construction, a preliminary forming concrete columns section in the form of a parallelepiped. In Fig.85 - this is the same wall panel put on concrete column. In Fig.86 - this is the same wall panel mounted on concrete column. In Fig.87 shows a form with a panel of tubular form of square cross section. In Fig.88 - form panel tube of round cross-section. In Fig.89 forms the four flat panels. In Fig.90 - shape panel complex cross-sections. In Fig.91 - shape with three panels Tauri type. In Fig.92 - shape with eight panels reduced type voidness of square section. In Fig.93 - shape with eight panels reduced type of voidness circular cross-section. In Fig.94 - shape with eight panels reduced type voidness of square section, located in a checkerboard pattern. In Fig.95 - shape with eight panels reduced type of voidness oblong cross-section. In Fig.96 - shape with eight panels reduced type voidness of rectangular cross-section. In Fig.97 - shape with eight panels reduced type with large voidness of rectangular cross-section. In Fig.98 - shape with eight panels reduced type with large voidness of square section. In Fig.99 - shape with four panels with large voidness of square section. In Fig.100 - shape with three ribbed hollow core panels. In Fig.101 - shape with three panels of complex cross-sections and the voidness of the complex type.

High-speed method of manufacturing of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding of heterogeneous mixtures can be implemented through the production line, is shown in Fig.1-23, 34-72. This line includes site 1 preparation of heterogeneous mixtures associated with a hopper 2 for the Jew is Oh multicomponent concrete mix, with the hopper 3 for pulp and hopper 4 for liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete with a high cement content of section 5 of the formation of building products using the method of volume vertical moulding, plot 6 machining, plot 7 drying flooded with products and various conveyors. Section 1 includes the warehouse 8 inert materials, weighing batcher 9 inert materials, silos 10 (vertical tank) for cement associated screw conveyor 11 with a concrete-mixing node 12. The dispenser 9 is connected with a concrete-mixing node 12 by conveyor 13. The screw conveyor 14 node 12 is connected with a hopper 2 for multicomponent liquid concrete mix section 5. Screw conveyor 15 of the node 12 is connected with a hopper 4 for liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete with a high cement content of section 5. Section 5 the formation of structural elements connected by means of a screw conveyor 16 to a pulp with intake funnel 17 tank 18 of the pulp. The conveyor 16 is connected with the hopper 3 to the pulp by means of a horizontal screw conveyor 19, the input end 20 which rests on the column 21 and is positioned at the output end 22 of the conveyor 16.

Bins 2, 3 and 4 are located on the top floor of 25 section 5. The frame section 5 is formed of reinforced concrete walls 26 and the support columns 27 in which RNA platform 25, the upper frame 28 and bottom 29 overpass. Form 30 to fill heterogeneous mixtures are located on the input device - the conveyor 31, intended for submission to the section 5. Section 5 is equipped with a single matrix 32 with the walls 33, which form the internal bottomless cells (see Fig.50 and 51). Single matrix 32 with partitions 33 are fastened to the frame 34 with the bushings 35 and brackets 36 and has a shell 37 with the outer contour that follows the contour of construction products. The shell 37 and the partition 33 connected to the frame 34 by means of ribs 38 rigidity. In Fig.52 shows the assignment of cells (cavities) of the matrix 32, formed by the partitions 33. The cavity 39 is designed to fill multicomponent concrete mix, the cavity 40 for filling the pulp cavity 41 - casting of multicomponent concrete with a high cement content, designed to form the outer hardened layer. The matrix 32 is moveable in a vertical plane relative to the guide columns 42 located in the sleeve 35, through the mechanism 43 with the rod 44 connected with the brackets 36 matrix 32. The matrix 32 is supplied with high-frequency vibration motors (vibrators) 45 mounted on the frame 34 to ensure its high-frequency vertical reciprocating movement caused by the raising of the matrix 32 of flooded heterogeneous mixtures of form 30.Section 5 is equipped with a vacuum cap 47 with possibility of vertical movement relative to the guiding pillars 48 through a drive with gears 49 and 50 and the rails 51. Vacuum cap 47 by means of vacuumbed 52 is connected with a suction pump (not shown).

Section 5 is equipped with multiple feeders, made in the form of a lobed mixer 55 for submission to the form 30 with the matrix 32 multicomponent liquid concrete mixture, a blade mixer 56 to feed the pulp and additional blade mixer 57 to supply a liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete with a high cement content. Paddle mixer 55 is slotted gate 58, the holes which coincide with the location of the cavities 39 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. Paddle mixer 56 is slotted gate 59, the holes which coincide with the location of the cavities 40 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. Paddle mixer 57 is slotted gate 60, the holes which coincide with the location of the cavities 41 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. When the holes are slotted gates 58, 59 and 60 coincide with the corresponding cells (cavities) of the matrix 32 with the form 30, the other cell (cavity) overlap those areas of gates 58, 59, 60, where the holes are missing. For horizontal movement of the mixer 55 guides 61, made in the form of a sliding bracket, a mixer 56 - guides 62, mixer 57 - guides 63, mounted on the Foundation supports 64. The guides 61 and 62 are opposed (opposite each other from different sides of the matrix 32), and napravlyauschie are perpendicular to them. The guides 61, 62 and 63 provided with actuators 65 horizontal movement of the mixers 55, 56 and 57. Paddle mixer 55 has a body 69 and mounted on the shaft 70 driven blades 71 72 located above the slot gate 58, designed to penetrate a liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete through the holes of the gate 58, which coincides with the location of the cavities 39 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. The edges of the blades 72 may be coated with polyurethane, increasing their durability. Paddle mixer 56 has a housing 69 and mounted on the shaft 70 driven blades 71 72 located above the slot gate 59 and intended for forcing the pulp through the holes of the gate 59, which coincides with the location of the cavities 40 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. Additional blade mixer 57 has a body 69 and mounted on the shaft 70 driven blades 71 72 located above the slot gate 58 and intended to penetrate a liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete with a high cement content through the holes of the gate 60, which coincides with the location of the cavities 41 of the matrix 32 with the form 30. The mixer 55 is provided with a filler neck 73, mixer 56 - filler neck 74, mixer 57 - filler neck 75. The design of the mixers shown in Fig.53 and 54. Single matrix 32 with the form 30 and slotted gates 58, 59 and 60 of lobed mixers 55 and 57 are made with the possibility of formation of several articles of the s at the same time.

The hopper 2 multicomponent liquid concrete mixture through a screw conveyor 78 to the discharge end 79 is associated with the working area of the casting form 30 so that when nominating mixer 55 in its working position jellied mouth 73 is located in the area of the discharge end 79 (see Fig.44). The hopper 3 to the pulp by means of a screw conveyor 80 with the discharge end 81 is associated with the working area of the casting form 30 so that when the extension of the mixer 56 is in its working position jellied mouth 74 is located in the area of the discharge end 81 (see Fig.43). The hopper 4 multicomponent liquid concrete mixture with a high content of cement by means of a screw conveyor 82 to the discharge end 83 is associated with the working area of the casting form 30 so that when nominating an additional mixer 57 into position his jellied mouth 75 is located in the area of the discharge end 83 (see Fig.45).

The conveyor 31 is designed for transportation of filled shapes 30 via a forwarding roller 85, a transverse roller 86 and a forwarding conveyor 87 to section 7 drying filled products. Section 7 includes parallel lines of roller conveyors 88, designed to alternately form submission 30 for dismantling, handling and supply of finished products, in this case, the panels 90, section 6 on treatment is. Form 30 for the manufacture of products made or plug (not shown), or opening from the side (see Fig.28), for example, through the door 91, mounted on hinges 92 and provided with a bottom with an opening 93 shutters 94 (see Fig.32). The device for opening the valves 94 includes a pivotally mounted axle 95 with the rotary knob 96. Axis 95 by means of levers 97 is connected with the rods 98, intended for opening the valves 94 of the bottom 93.

The mechanism 100 tilting of finished products (see Fig.55-59), for example panels 90, includes located on the pair of guide rails 101 table 102 associated with the rotary head plate 103, equipped with a vacuum suction cups 104. A parallel can be established several mechanisms 100 tilting of the panels 90, depending on the productivity of the process line. Pair of rail guides 101 fixed on farms 105, based on the beam 106 with support columns 107. Parallel lines of roller conveyors 88 section 7 drying products in the forms 30 are connected to mechanisms 100 tilting by means of the roller conveyor 108 with a forwarding conveyor 109, designed to transport forms with dried panels 90 to the mechanism 100. Parallel to the roller 108 is located a conveyor 110 for panels 90. The roller 108 and the conveyor 110 are located between the support columns 107 in the area of the Tr is PERC 103 with vacuum suction cups 104 (see Fig.8-10). The carriage 102 is equipped with wheels 111 actuator 112 horizontal travel along the rail guides 101, the actuator 113 lifting beam 103, a cable-handling vessel 114 and the frame 115 of the bar 103. The frame 115 is equipped with racks 116 to interact with the gear 117 of the actuator 113. Side thrust rollers 118 interact with lining 119 of the frame 115 and provide lateral stability, and pressure rollers 120 interact with the pads 121 and protect the frame 115 from the front of the deviations. In the area of installation of the bar 103 frame 115 is supplied with the actuator 122 of the rotating beam 103, a vacuum pump 123 with a receiver 124 connected through controllers 125 pressure and vacuum hoses 126 with vacuum suction cups 104.

In Fig.16-17, 60-66 shows a section 6-handling products designed for crop products (panels 90) and located near the output end of the conveyor 110 of the panel 90. Section 6 includes cart 129 with rollers 130 to move the panels 90 and end clamps 131 actuators 132. Wheel 133 truck 129 are designed to move along the rail frame 134 to the lower vertical pile 135, mechanical saws 136 and to the horizontal saw 137. The lower vertical saw 135 is installed on the rack 138. Paired end saws 136 mounted on the paired racks 139. Horizontal saw 137 mounted on the rack 140. In the area of the trim panels 90 are paired conveyors 141 is of Chodov, the output ends of which are mounted on the transverse conveyor 142 waste scraps.

Plot flush pulp from a finished product (not shown) may be located in the area of bar grating 144 (see Fig.71), which is the collection area of the pulp, which represents a longitudinal trays 145 and transverse tray 146 associated with the underground storage capacity of the tank 18 (see Fig.72) to defend the used slurry having a slope of 148 and slope 149 to allow the pulp to the intake funnel 17. The plot recycling pulp, including the collection area and defend the used slurry, is feeding the pulp to section 5 of formation of products, including screw conveyor 16, the input end of which is located in the intake funnel 17, and the output end is connected with a horizontal conveyor 19.

For stacking finished panels 90 before being sent to the warehouse 153 finished products intended section 154 (see Fig.18 and 19), including pavement tilter 155 (see Fig.67-70), intended for stacking the cut panels 90 in stacks on pallets 156. Section 154 includes 157 warehouse pallet 156, roller conveyor 158 for supplying stacks 159 pallet 156 to the bridge device 155 and the conveyor 160 for feeding stacks 161 finished panels 90 on pallets 156 to the warehouse 153. The bridge device 155 includes installed on the supporting columns of the x beams 162 163 rails 164 for horizontal movement of the bridge 165, having a running device 166 with a gear 167 and a cable-handling vessel 168. In end zones of rails 164 are installed hydraulic dampers 169. Bridge 165 is a structure made in the form of farm rails 170 171 to move the carriage 173. The carriage 173 includes wheels 174 with a gear 175 and the winder has 176, frame beam 177 178 driven 179 hoist and cable-handling vessel 180. Frame 177 equipped with racks 181 to interact with the gear actuator 182 179. Side thrust rollers 183 interact with lining frame 184 177 and provide lateral stability and thrust rollers 185 interact with plates 186 and protect the frame 177 deviations from the front. In the area of installation of traverse frame 178 177 provided with a drive 187 rotation of the bar 178, vacuum pump 188 with the receiver 189 connected through regulators 190 pressure and vacuum hoses 191 with vacuum suction cups 192.

The output end of the conveyor 160 for feeding stacks 161 finished panels 90 on pallets 156 to the warehouse 153 is located in the area of the bridge crane 195 with grippers 196 (see Fig.20-23). Crane route 197 bridge crane 195 mounted on the beams 198, installed along the warehouse 153 on both sides on the bearings 199. The bridge 200 crane 195 has a driving device 201 with the actuator 202 along the paths 197. On the bridge 200 are rails 203 to move the carriage 204 with wheels 205 and actuator 206 horizontalscrollbarelement along the rails 203. Traverse 208 grippers 196 is located on the carriage 204 with the possibility of vertical movement by the actuator 209. The actuator 210 grippers 196 is located on traverse 208. Warehouse 153 has a road 211, intended for submission hire 212 for loading stacks 161 finished panels 90 on pallets 156 using the overhead crane 195 with grippers 196.

Using the above process line, intended for the manufacture of construction products increased voidness through volumetric vertical moulding of heterogeneous mixtures and comprising form 30 with a single matrix 32 and mixers 55-57, it is possible to make various building products such as wall panels 90. The form 30 with the matrix 32 is designed for the simultaneous production of mainly three panels 90. In Fig.24-26 depict wall panel 90 having longitudinal cavities 215, the longitudinal channel 216, intended either for pouring concrete columns 217 monolithic building frame (see Fig.73-80), or to accommodate the finished concrete column 218 or 219 (see Fig.81-86). The panel 90 is manufactured using a multicomponent liquid concrete mixture with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite, and other similar fillers. Longitudinal voids 215 can have different sizes and different shapes in cross section. This parameter is determined based on operating conditions and destination panels 90. To improve the insulating properties of the panels voids 215 can be filled with any insulation, i.e., materials having high heat resistance, as in the factory and on the construction site. The channel 216 to fill or placement of concrete columns 217, 218 or 219 of monolithic building frame can be made in the cross-section or round, or square, or rectangular shape. Channels 216 can be located on the edges of the panel 90 (not shown), and longitudinal voids 215 located between them. Panel 90 has a special stops 220 on the side walls for forming window openings between the panels 90 during the construction of the building. In the upper end area of the panel 90 has a support pad 221, made in the form of steps, the vertical wall 222 which is facing to the inside of the product. Space 221 is intended for forming the supports overlap 223 during the construction of the building. The outer side panel 90 may have a hardened layer 224, pour in the manufacture of panels of liquid concrete with a high cement content, such as high quality concrete. Hardened layer 224 can perform with the addition of decorative marble or granite chips, white cement, dye, plasticizer and other components that determine the appearance of products.

This panel 90 has the following properties: pregnany layer 224 decorative type made with durable, weatherproof surface of a certain color and pattern. Hardened layer 224 provides high strength outer surface of the panel 90. The insulating properties of the panel 90 high voidness of a heat - and sound insulation, and the panel 90 is a restraint on the future of monolithic building frame, which is formed by pouring high quality concrete through channels 216 with a vertical valve 225 during the construction of buildings.

In Fig.75-86 show examples of construction of buildings using wall panels 90, vertical armature 225, transom fittings 226 and mounting structures 227 to form overlapping 223, curtain rods 228, balconies 229. In Fig.87-101 shows examples of the use of technological line for manufacturing various construction products.

High-speed method of manufacturing of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding of heterogeneous mixtures can be implemented by using the above-described processing line, which gives the opportunity to receive wall panels shown in Fig.24-26, and a number of other building products, is shown in Fig.87-101. This method involves successive vertical flow of heterogeneous mixtures in different cell cavity 39, 40 and 41) separated Perigord the AMI 33 vertically located a single matrix 32 form 30 section 5. A heterogeneous mixture is prepared at site 1 using concrete-mixing unit 12. In the cavity 39 of the matrix 32 serves multicomponent liquid concrete mixture intended to form the panel 90 in the cavity 40 serves neutral cementless mixture in the form of a slurry that is used for the formation of longitudinal voids 215 and channels 216 in the panel 90, and in the cavity 41 serves multicomponent liquid concrete with a high cement content, intended for forming the outer hardened layer 224 of the panel 90. Everything used in this technical solution, the mixture can be attributed to the heterogeneous (multiphase, composite)with the necessary for the specified purpose properties: a specific consistency and viscosity. High speed volumetric vertical molding construction products in the forms 30 provides the alternate use of lobed mixers 55, 56 and 57 with slotted gates 57, 58 and 59, which produce a forced high-speed burst of liquid mixtures having the same bulk density, the blades 72 from the top down through the slotted holes of gates 57, 58 and 59 with the rapid filling mixtures simultaneously formed three panels 90. Because of the slotted holes of the gate 57 of mixer 55 is made coincident with the corresponding cells (cavities 39) forms 30, educated defined by partitions 33 volume is atric 32 simultaneous overlap other cells, the blades 72, Prodanova multicomponent liquid concrete mixture through the holes of the gate 57, at the same time fill the cell cavity 39), in which are formed three panel 90. On the same principle the pulp is forced through the openings of the gates 59, forming longitudinal voids channels 215 and 216 in three panels 90 simultaneously, and multicomponent liquid concrete mixture with a high content of cement is forced through the holes of the gate 60, forming a hardened layer 224 in three panels 90. All these procedures fill the cells (cavities 39, 40 and 41) of the three panels 90 takes no more than 4-5 minutes. Moreover, cells designed for education longitudinal voids 215 and channels 216, fill in neutral cementless a mixture of pulp temporarily (before drying panels 90). Then the pulp out of the panels 90, freeing void channels 215 and 216.

A feature of this method is that after filling the cells and cavities 39, 40 and 41) all of the mixture are placed in a liquid (creamy) state. It was at this point make removing the partitions 33 single matrix 32 through the mechanism 43. Moreover, the matrix 32 due to the vibration motors 45 at this time performs high-frequency vibrations directed vertically. This gradual extraction of the matrix 32, which provides maintenance of structures flooded dissimilar Masami panels 90. The mixture is not mixed. And because they have the same bulk density, the diffusion between them is practically impossible. Using a vacuum forms 30 through the vacuum cap 47 is removed from all mixtures of air bubbles, improving the quality of concrete. Then the panel 90 in the forms 30 are sent to drying to section 7. Natural (astemperature) drying panels 90 is 2-3 days, and when forming panels 90 from rapid hardening concrete they are dried for one day.

As multicomponent liquid concrete mixture made with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite, and other similar fillers, and the pulp is also prepared with the addition of such as lightweight fillers: expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite, and other similar fillers, while seeking to filler slurry corresponded to its volumetric weight of the filler liquid multicomponent mixture of the concrete. Due to this excluded the displacement of one mixture to another cannot occur ascent lung filler up. Moreover, it is preferable that the filler was in that, and in other mixtures of the same, for example expanded clay. Using for the manufacture of construction products liquid claydite-concrete and slurry of clay with clay, achieve maximum compliance mixtures by bulk weight. In this the m case increases the quality of manufacturing products, significantly decreases the probability of mixing of filled in forms 30 heterogeneous mixtures when removing the matrix 32. As a result, increases the smoothness of all surfaces after washing of the pulp.

When hardened layer 224 perform with the addition of decorative marble or granite chips, white cement, dye, plasticizer and other components that determine the appearance of products (not shown), the wall panels 90 do not require additional finishing with the erection of buildings. From these panels 90 build buildings with decorative external finish with weather-resistant surface certain colors with beautiful structure and drawing.

When there is no need to form the outer side panels 90 hardened layer 224, using the matrix 32 without cavities 41 (not shown), and the mixer 57 is not used at all. This production version of the panel 90 provides the opportunity to further speed up and simplify the technology for durable, lightweight, heat resistant and cheap construction products.

Washing of the pulp forms 30 after drying concrete mixtures produced in the area of location of the sump 18. Before flushing the pulp opening 94 of the bottom 93 of the form 30, while ensuring the free passage of the blurred water slurry through the hole in the base plate 93. Washed away form 30 pulp together with the filler on the tray 145 and 146 flows into the sump 18, where the stratification: the pulp together with the filler settles at the bottom, and the water remains in the upper layers and either flows naturally into a special tank (not shown) with subsequent recirculation to wash the pulp of the following forms 30 or pump (not shown) is fed to the recirculation. The settled pulp filler with respect to slope 148 and 149 of the sump 18 is gradually shifting towards the intake funnel 17, where the screw conveyor 16 it captures and feeds on recycling. This technology recycling pulp and water gives the opportunity to reuse them, which makes the process of using the pulp is very economical.

Through the mechanism 100 tilting panels 90 (see Fig.55-59), including vacuum suction cups 104, is removed panel 90 of the pre-open forms 30 and alternately placed them on the conveyor 110 (see Fig.8, 9 and 10) for transportation to the site 6 pruning.

Building products made with stock length, for example, wall panels 90 are doing with a reserve of about 3 inches on both end sides. After the final drying of the panel 90 is cut on the ends on both sides in the area of 6 with the help of saws 136 (see Fig.16 and 17). Saw 135 is used to form the pad 221 of the panel 90, and saw 137 is intended for formation of a vertical wall 222 supporting pad 221. The finished edge is Naya panel 90 is a product, completely ready to install in new construction. Lateral 220 allow you to install them in the window openings after placement 90 on the construction site (not shown).

Plot 154 cut panel 90 using the suction cups 192 bridge tilter 155 (see Fig.18 and 19) are placed in stacks 161 on pallets 156, and then served to the warehouse 153. In stock 153 grippers 196 crane 195 move the stacks 161 panel 90 is deposited, and as necessary deliver the finished product on the car 212 (see Fig.20-23).

An important element of the production line for the manufacture of construction products, such as panels 90, is the rhythm of its work consists in synchronizing the movement of the forms 30, a single matrix 32, mixers 55, 56 and 57, panels 90, trays 156 and all transporting and kentoushi devices in the course of the process. This synchronization makes it possible to greatly increase the productivity of the process line, eliminates the downtime of its basic mechanisms.

Is depicted in Fig.75-86 examples of construction cast-frame buildings using wall panels 90 reflect the construction process and the various advantages made using this technical solution building products. During the construction of such buildings provided forms the of the Foundation with packing elements (not shown) for vertical mounting of the valve 225 under the channels 216 panels 90 and the mounting lugs (not shown) for securing support panel 90. Panel 90 having a floor height form at home, with the help of a crane lowered vertically on the elements of the mortgage Foundation so that they fell into the longitudinal channels 216. The distance between the panels due to the size of the future of Windows. This panel 90 have hardened layer 224 out and put vertically by means of the mounting structure 227. Vertical dimensions of the valve 225 exceed the vertical dimensions of the panel 90 to the free ends of the valve 225 served as guides for the installation of the panels 90 subsequent floor, as well as for couples with a valve 225 next floor. Longitudinal channels 216, the valve 225 pour high quality concrete, forming a solid concrete frame of the building.

After installation of the panels 90 of the first floor of a building on a platform 221 panels 90 lower latch valve 226, pour overlap 223 floor and attach the rods 228 and balconies 229. When pouring a slab 223 between floors is rigidly fixed between all elements of the structure: panel 90, the valve 225 and 226, curtain rods 228, completing the formation of a solid concrete core of the building. Panel 90 on the next floors put up, fix and fill the same as on the first floor. Lateral 220 panels 90 are used for installation of Windows (not shown). Depending on the design of the building using different design is of modular Windows, consisting of several items, put in the openings between the panels 90 and subsequent sealing of joints. Internal and external surfaces of walls, representing manufactured in the factory smooth panel 90, do not require additional finishing and plastering.

Due to the aforementioned properties of this method it is possible to vary the appearance of the building, number of floors, location and run Windows and internal layout, while retaining the advantages of cast-frame technology with the use of panels 90 prefabrication. The invention allows not only to increase the durability of the frame-monolithic building construction, since all vertical and horizontal elements rigidly interconnected reinforced concrete elements, to erect a building with a decorative appearance that does not require insulation and sound insulation, as well as additional internal and external finishing works, but also significantly reduce the weight and reduce the cost of manufacture of the panels 90 and other building products through the use of high-voidness. All stages of transportation of lightweight hollow core panel 90 from section 7 of drying on the production line up to the construction site with their installation on the floor, 223 greatly simplified, because the movement of such light building products the rd does not require high energy consumption and can improve the safety of their tilting.

Thus, the technical result achieved with the use of the claimed invention, is to increase the productivity of the process line for the manufacture of construction products increased voidness, such as wall panels, improving the speed and quality vertical moulding construction products from heterogeneous mixtures, facilitating the manufacture, tilting and transporting the products.

1. High-speed method of manufacturing of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding from heterogeneous mixtures, including consistent flow of heterogeneous mixtures in different cells separated by partitions form for the manufacture of products, manufacture of construction products by filling in part of the cells multicomponent concrete mix and fill the remaining cells neutral cementless mixture, removing partitions, education longitudinal voids and drying products, characterized in that produce voluminous vertical molding construction products in separate filling of the cells of heterogeneous mixtures with alternate use of lobed mixers with slotted gates, with the slotted holes of the gate of one of the mixer performs matching with corresponding cells forms with partitions and overlapping other cells, and the holes SEL the new gate of another mixer performs matching with other cells to form partitions, moreover, cells designed for education longitudinal voids, temporarily fill in neutral cementless mixture in the form of a slurry, and the cells for the formation of products, fill with liquid multicomponent concrete mixture, and filling all cells produce force by punching multicomponent concrete mixture or slurry through the holes slotted gates of the respective mixers, and during removal of partitions of the form give them a high-frequency oscillations, directed vertically, and after drying, the products from them wash the pulp.

2. The method according to p. 1, wherein the multicomponent liquid concrete mixture made with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite, and other.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the pulp is made from fine materials with similar bulk density cement slurry, such as clay, loam, recycled gypsum, peat, topsoil and other.

4. The method according to p. 1, wherein the slurry is prepared with the addition of light fillers, such as expanded clay, pumice, vermiculite and other, so that the filler slurry corresponded to its volumetric weight of the filler liquid multicomponent concrete mix to avoid crowding one another mixture, and is conducted more easily what about the filler.

5. The method according to p. 1, wherein the products comprise at least one longitudinal channel, and these channels are intended for the subsequent or the formation of by pouring them in load-bearing concrete columns cast frame building, or place them in pre-made on the floor of the load-bearing concrete columns monolithic building frame.

6. The method according to p. 1, wherein forming a two-ply product with the third blade mixer with slot gate for the manufacture of hardened outer layer, while for the formation of the hardened layer of the cell is filled with liquid multicomponent concrete with a high cement content.

7. The method according to p. 1, wherein the hardened layer perform decorative, for example, with the addition of marble or granite chips, white cement, dye, plasticizer and other components that determine the appearance of products.

8. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the produce astemperature drying products.

9. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that at the same time in one form is formed into several building products such as wall panels.

10. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that after filling the cells produce the vacuum building products to remove air bubbles.

11. The method according to p. 1 characterized in, that used the pulp is sent for recycling.

12. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the products are made with a stock length and after the final drying is cut on both sides.

13. The method according to PP.10, 13, characterized in that on the inner side of the product in its end zone to form a support platform in the form of the stage the entire width of the product.

14. The construction product increased voidness, made in the form of a wall panel, comprising longitudinal cavities, characterized in that it is provided with at least one channel, intended either for casting monolithic concrete columns of the building frame, or to accommodate pre-cast concrete columns, and supports on the side walls for forming window openings.

15. The product under item 14, characterized in that it is provided with a reference area in the end zone, made in the form of steps, facing to the inside of the product is designed to form the ceilings of the building.

16. The product under item 14, characterized in that the channel for pouring or placing concrete columns cast frame building in cross-section or round, or square, or rectangular shape.

17. The product under item 14, characterized in that the channels for pouring or placing concrete columns cast frame building located at the edges of the panel, and the food is performance communications voids are located between them.

18. The product under item 14, characterized in that it is provided with an outer hardened layer.

19. Production line for the manufacture of construction products increased voidness surround vertical moulding of heterogeneous mixtures containing preparation of mixtures associated with bunkers for heterogeneous mixtures of the site of formation of products, including located on the applicator forms for the manufacture of products, movable in a horizontal direction feeders associated with bunkers, and a mechanism for vertical movement of the partitions, the area of machining, drying products and transporting device, characterized in that the feeders of the site of formation of products equipped with a paddle mixer with a slit dampers designed for three-dimensional vertical moulding construction products, and the slotted holes of the gate of one of the mixers is made coincident with corresponding cells forms with partitions and overlapping other cells, and the holes are slotted gate of the other mixer is made coincident with other cells to form partitions, and the partitions are connected into a single matrix, and the vertical movement mechanism of the matrix is additionally equipped with a high-frequency vibrators with a vertical reciprocating movements.

20. The line is .19, characterized in that the blade mixers provided with opposed spaced horizontal rails, each mixer is designed with a filler neck, and one of the feeders associated with the hopper multicomponent concrete mixture through a screw conveyor and the discharge end of the screw conveyor is located above the zone of the operating position of the filler cap blender, designed to fill a multicomponent mixture of the concrete, while another feeder mixer screw conveyor is connected with the supply system of the pulp, and the discharge end of the screw conveyor is located above the zone of the operating position of the filler cap of the corresponding mixer.

21. Line under item 19, characterized in that the area of formation of the construction products equipped with an additional paddle mixer intended for the formation of the hardened layer, with additional horizontal guides arranged perpendicular to the main rails, the feeder is provided with an additional screw conveyor, the discharge end of which is located in the working area filler cap additional mixer.

22. Line under item 19, characterized in that the single matrix with partitions and slotted damper blade mixers made with the possibility of formation of some of the products at the same time.

23. Line under item 19, characterized in that it is provided by section trimming of finished products.

24. Line under item 19, characterized in that it is provided by section flush pulp from construction products after drying them and land recycling pulp, including the collection area and defend the used pulp associated with the system feeding the pulp to the site of formation of products.

25. Line under item 19, characterized in that it includes a mechanism for tilting the finished building products, including located on guide rails, a carriage associated with the rotary traverse, equipped with a vacuum suction cups.

26. Line under item 19, characterized in that the single matrix with partitions made in the form attached to the chassis shell with an external circuit, which follows the contours of products, while partitions are mounted within the shell matrix with the formation of the bottomless cells to fill heterogeneous mixtures.

27. Line under item 19, characterized in that the molds for the manufacture of construction products made either detachable or openable from the side and provided with a bottom with an opening shutters.



 

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EFFECT: decreased weight and sizes, improved operating performances.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: reinforced multi-layer technical profile comprises a bearing matrix in the form of a heat insulator and lining protective reinforcing coatings. The heat insulator is a monolithic diversely reinforced sectional multilayer matrix frame from a heterogeneous filler equipped with diverse layers of the insulant along the entire thickness of the technical profile. From the inside there is an isothermic lining insulant, and from the outside - a heat protective one. The technical profile is manufactured on the basis of the matrix frame by filling of multilayer sections of the heat insulator with the diversely reinforced heterogeneous filler along its entire thickness with heterogeneous layers of the insulant. Under steam and hydraulic insulation the isothermic internal and external heat protective lining insulants are arranged.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase thermal and physical characteristics of erected structures, to reduce their specific weight and prime cost.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Building element // 2473755

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building element comprises an inclined channel formed in the concrete body, which protrudes at least to one of elements faces, designed for fixing a lifting and an assembling accessory and formed by monolithing of an embedded part into the concrete body, besides, the channel is arranged with the thread on its working surface.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher safety and efficiency in assembly of buildings and structures, provides for considerable metal saving.

3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: swollen perlite is used, which is first saturated with water, water that is not retained by a swollen perlite granule is filtered, the water-saturated perlite is mixed with gypsum, the produced mix is supplied into a die mould for further pressing, and pressed at 10 MPa at least.

EFFECT: increased strength of a finished product with increased time of mortar hardening.

2 cl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to devices and methods for laying liquid paste onto a moving shaping web. The device comprises a discharge box installed as capable of rotation for laying of liquid paste at the inner lower surface of the discharge box from the inclined drain in the form of a continuous flowing web onto the moving web. The discharge box is installed across the direction of moving web movement. The discharge box is made with vertical edge boards, including the rear edge board of the discharge box and two opposite side edge boards, with pivots installed on the external surface of two opposite side edge boards of the discharge box, for installation of the discharge box on the appropriate opposite side walls of the conveyor for the moving web, with vertically adjusted forks and with facilities for adjustment of the angle of inclination of the discharge box up and down for adjustment of the flow of liquid paste from a drainage facility. On the external surface of at least one vertical edge board of the discharge box there is a vibrator installed.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to ensure evenness and continuity of discharge of liquid cement paste along entire width of an item.

10 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: lined steel pipe intended for transfer of fluid comprises circular lining of concrete or mortar that makes pipe ID and metal shell enveloping said lining. Lining stays in direct contact with metal shell wall inner surface. Note here that said lining is prestressed by metal shell at initial state prior to putting said pipe in operation for transfer of fluid. After putting said pipe in operation for transfer of fluid lining prestressing at final state is in fact ruled out.

EFFECT: higher stiffness and corrosion resistance.

33 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and specifically to methods of making slabs. The method of all-purpose making slabs involves mixing magnesia binder, organic filler, mineral filler and aqueous magnesium chloride solution, moulding articles, hardening and drying. The magnesia filler consists of two or more components, one of which is solid wastes from production of magnesia binder-based slabs and the second component is pearlite. Before adding to the mixture, all dry components are mixed to a homogeneous state, wherein components in the overall mixture are in the following ratio, wt %: magnesia binder 10-40, aqueous magnesium chloride solution with density of 1.1-1.3 g/cm3 40-70, organic filler 4-15, mineral filler 2-20.

EFFECT: invention improved environmental safety of slabs.

11 cl

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials from loose materials polymer wastes and may be used for making tiles and roofing materials, chemically stable coatings for floors, etc. Proposed line comprises storage bin for initial crushed stock, dyes and additives fed in preset amount onto conveyor and into mixer. Therefrom mixed stock is transferred into heater to obtain fused polymer-bearing pulp to be transferred to finished sheet extrusion. Every storage bin incorporates a proportioner to output weight portion on initial stock into common mixing chamber. The latter is composed of rotary drum with ribbed inner wall and vanes on axle and having mixed stock discharge opening to force said mix onto conveyor for mix to be carried into mix heater to obtain viscous fused polymer-bearing pulp. The latter is carried by conveyor onto extruder rolls, extruder outputting finished sheets to be laid onto finished product acceptance station. Mix heater is composed of tubular extruder accommodating vaned shaft to transfer the mix. Extruder tubular housing outer wall is equipped with electric heaters arranged around said housing to heat polymer-bearing mix to pulp at housing outlet.

EFFECT: better manufacturability, simplified and efficient line.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of sandwiched reinforced concrete structures. Proposed assembly line comprises horizontally closed conveyor with process equipment arranged there along, thermal chamber at conveyor end with lifting-lowering unit, and transfer system composed of support and drive rolls and lifting rolls. Line incorporates top and bottom layer concrete pavers with table vibrator under pan in bottom layer concrete paver. Besides it incorporates roller and screed rail under pan to thrust there against in top layer concrete paver. Also it includes also the drying chamber, finishing gaging and outer surface finishing disc machines. Self-propelled lifting-lowering unit is arranged between two multi-tier section heat treatment chambers. Hydraulic pusher of formwork sides and tilting gear composed of flanged roll to lift the panel side through 75 degrees in traveller zone on parallel branch of the line. All section chambers are communicated by built in pipelines to make an integral heat system. Every tier of section chamber is equipped with shutter gates while heat treatment chambers have horizontal openings for passage of pans at conveyor line approach side.

EFFECT: higher quality.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials. Proposed line comprises sand and cement bins, water and surfactant tanks with dispensers, mixer interacting with loading bin via suspended tipping buckets, mortar filling assemble frame, moulds for wall elements, vibratory table mounted on separated frame, and thermal chamber. Besides, it comprises separate bay for preparation of moulds for filling and withdrawal of wall panels from moulds, bearing table of panel filling bay with carriage furnished with wall panel moulds to slide on rollers there along. Said bearing table consists of two sections, one being intended solely to carriage displacement. Another, two-level, section accommodates vibratory table arranged at second level provided with carriage guides. Vibratory table has locking mechanism to lock resilient supports on switching off the vibration. loading bin has resilient suspension and adjustable shutter and vibrator. Besides, proposed line comprises vibratory strip on resilient suspension and reciprocating smoothing strip.

EFFECT: higher quality.

11 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer building block consists of a decorative face layer, a bearing layer and a heat insulating layer provided in between, which are fixed to each other with polymer rods. The block is arranged in the form of a prism, trapezoid bases of which are ends of the block, and non-parallel prism faces of identical area are upper and lower bases of the block. The parallel side face of the prism of larger area is an outer side of the decorative layer of the block, the parallel side face of the prism of smaller area is an inner side of the bearing layer of the block, besides, the angle between planes of prism bases and the outer side of the face decorative layer makes 89 and less degrees, on one of bases in the decorative and bearing layers there are slots, axes of which are in planes parallel to the face side of the decorative layer, with the area of section of each slot of more than 5 sq. cm., on the other base there are ledges arranged as complying with slots. The method of construction of the multilayer construction blocks is also described.

EFFECT: higher labour efficiency in erection of a building, elimination of damages on a decorative layer when erecting a building, compensation of uneven subsidence of a block during laying, strict dosing of mortar, reduced flow of concrete mortar in laying and reduced costs for erection of a building.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall unit is arranged in the form of a faceted structure from a hardened material, having a face surface arranged on the outer face side of the unit, an inner surface arranged on the inner side of the unit, lower, upper and side surfaces, at the same time the unit comprises a face layer, an intermediate layer and an inner layer arranged serially along its width, besides, the face layer has thickness of s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness s3 of the inner layer is less than the thickness s1 of the face layer, the latter contains cement, a plasticiser and ground haydite with fractions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer of the unit contains cement, a plasticiser and haydite with fractions within 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer of the unit contains sand, cement and a plasticiser, the specified thicknesses of the unit layers are selected depending on the width S of the unit and are in the ratio of s1:s2:s3=(0.10-0.17)S:(0.89-0.79)S:(0.007-0.037)S, the unit comprises a L-shaped crest made in the face layer and covering it at two adjacent lateral and lower sides, and also a L-shaped groove made in the face layer and covering at two other adjacent lateral and upper sides of the unit, the crest and the groove are installed in a single plane, parallel to the face surface of the unit, the surface of the crest and the groove, the face and inner surfaces are arranged as solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and lateral sides of the unit arranged between the face and inner layers are made as rough with grooves stretching inside the unit from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between fractions, at the same time the length of the unit L at its face side is selected depending on the width S of the unit within the limits of L=(0.99-1.01)S, the length Lin of the unit at its inner side is selected as equal to the length of the unit at its face side, the face surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s4 from the crest axis, the inner surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s5 from the crest axis, which is more than the distance s4, besides, s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0.08-0.16)s5. Also the versions of units design are described, as well as a material for manufacturing of a unit, versions of molds for manufacturing of a unit, the method to manufacture the unit and a line for unit manufacturing.

EFFECT: reduced weight of units, its higher strength, provision of possibility to increase strength of units connection in a wall, simplified technology of production by usage of moulds from unified elements, using a simplified method for manufacturing of units and a line for method implementation.

41 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compaction of ceramic powders. Proposed system 1 comprises conveyor belt 2 carrying continuous strip S of powder ceramic material, bottom compaction tape 20 in contact with conveyor belt 40 and second compaction tape 30 arranged there below and interacting with first tape 20. It includes first receiving part 30a inclined at angle β to powder transfer direction, and second sheeting part 30b. Note here that top tape 30 and bottom tape 20 can mutually move to decrease the distance between them and to increase distance between them in direction perpendicular to transfer direction of powder S. Besides, system comprises the device intended for regulation of aforesaid angle β of first receiving part (30a). Note here that length A of treated part of powder S exceeds 2-28 times the thickness of treated powder S during compaction.

EFFECT: complete compaction with displacement of air from ceramic powder.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: pouring device (10) for a concrete mix is fixed on a bridge crane (1) in a detachable manner and comprises a container (15) for mixing of concrete, a runner for supply of concrete mix from the container into a mould and a facility (20) to fix the pouring device on the bridge crane. The pouring device (10) additionally comprises a frame (11, 12) made of two parts. The upper frame (11) is fixed in a detachable manner to a trolley (3) of the bridge crane (1), and the lower frame (12) is attached to the upper frame as capable of vertical displacement. At the same time the container (15) for concrete mixing is attached to the lower frame. The pouring device (10) comprises facilities (12, 13, 14) for connection of that part of the pouring device, which includes a runner with a crane hook (6) of the bridge crane (1) for provision of vertical displacement of the runner during operation of the pouring device. Besides, substantially vertical movement of the runner in the pouring device (10) is provided during operation of the pouring device by vertical displacement of the crane hook (6) of the bridge crane (1).

EFFECT: simplified design of a pouring device and reduced energy consumption by the specified device.

7 cl, 1 dwg

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